2008 in Israel

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Incumbents[edit]

Events[edit]

Israeli–Palestinian conflict[edit]

The most prominent events related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict which occurred during 2008 include:

Notable Palestinian militant operations against Israeli targets

the loader used in the Jerusalem bulldozer attack on July 2, 2008 and a car which was destroyed during the attack

The most prominent Palestinian militant acts and operations committed against Israeli targets during 2008 include:

  • January 24 – Two Palestinian Arabs infiltrate a religious seminary and stab three students in the West Bank settlement of Kfar Etzion before being shot dead.[13]
  • January 24 – Palestinian Arab gunmen open fire on Israelis outside the Shuafat refugee camp on the outskirts of Jerusalem, killing a border police officer and seriously wounding a female officer.[14]
  • February 4 – 2008 Dimona suicide bombing: A suicide attack carried out by Hamas at a shopping centre in Dimona, Israel. One Israeli elderly woman is killed in the attack while nine other people are wounded (one of them critically). Hamas claims responsibility for the attack.[15]
  • February 27 – Over 46 Qassam rockets are fired by Palestinian Arab militants into the Western Negev and Israel's Southern Mediterranean coast, many of them hit the city of Ashkelon and the town of Sderot, among other Israeli towns and villages in the area. One of the rockets that landes in a parking lot at the Sapir Academic College killeing 47-year-old Israeli student, Ronni Yechia.[16]
  • March 6 – Mercaz HaRav massacre: Eight Israeli civilians are killed and 9 wounded when a Palestinian Arab attacker opens fire at a Jewish seminary in Jerusalem.[17]
  • April 19 – Kerem Shalom suicide bombing: Three Palestinian Arab suicide bombers break through the border fence to attack the Kerem Shalom IDF post, blowing themselves up and wounding several Israeli soldiers. Hamas claims responsibility.[18]
  • May 14 – A Katyusha rocket is fired at the Israeli city of Ashqelon striking a clinic on the third floor of the Huzot shopping mall, serious wounding three people, moderately wounding two and with eleven other people suffering minor wounds. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine claims responsibility.[19]
  • June 6 – An Israeli man is killed and four other people are wounded when Hamas militants in the Gaza Strip fire a mortar shell at kibbutz Nirim in the western Negev desert.[20]
  • July 2 – Jerusalem bulldozer attack: A Palestinian Arab resident of east Jerusalem attacks several cars on the Jaffa Road in Jerusalem using a front-end loader (erroneously referred to as a bulldozer in the media), killing three people and wounding at least 30 other pedestrians, before being shot to death.[21]
  • September 22 – Jerusalem BMW attack: At least 19 people are wounded when a Palestinian Arab drives his car into a crowd of IDF soldiers at a busy intersection in Jerusalem.[22] The driver is shot and killed at the scene by an Israeli soldier.[23]

Notable Israeli military operations against Palestinian militancy targets

Israeli F-16i of the 107th Squadron preparing for take-off during Operation Cast Lead, December 2008

The most prominent Israeli military counter-terrorism operations (military campaigns and military operations) carried out against Palestinian militants during 2008 include:

Notable deaths[edit]

  • January 8 – Moshe Levi (born 1936), Israeli Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces (1983–1987) – stroke.[27]
  • January 18 – Uzi Cohen (born 1952), Israeli Likud politician – heart attack.[28]
  • February 26 – Dan Shomron (born 1937), Israeli general, Chief of the Israel Defense Forces (1987–1991) – stroke.[29]
  • February 26 – Aharon Amir (born 1923), Russian (Lithuania)-born Israeli author and translator – natural causes.[30]
  • April 1 – Mosko Alkalai (born 1931), Romanian-born Israeli actor – respiratory failure.[31]
  • April 1 – Shosh Atari (born 1949), Israeli radio presenter and actress – heart attack.[32]
  • April 20 – Nissan Nativ (born 1922), Dutch-born Israeli director, actor and acting teacher.[33]
  • April 26 – Yossi Harel (born 1918), Israeli Haganah member, a commander of many illegal immigrants ships headed towards Palestine during the Mandate period, including the ship SS Exodus – cardiac arrest.[34]
  • May 9 – Shmuel Katz (born 1914), South African-born Israeli writer, historian and journalist.[35]
  • May 24 – Adam Baruch (born 1945), Israeli journalist, writer and art critic – diabetes complications.[36]
  • June 1 – Tommy Lapid (born 1931), Yugoslav (Vojvodina, Serbia)-born Israeli journalist and politician, deputy prime minister (2003–2004) – cancer.[37]
  • August 7 – Ralph Klein (born 1931), German-born Israeli basketball player and coach – intestinal cancer.[38]
  • August 19 – Binyamin Gibli (born 1919), Israeli head of military intelligence.[39]
  • August 25 – Josef Tal (born 1910), German-born Israeli composer – natural causes.[40]
  • August 27 – Abie Nathan (born 1927), Iranian-born Israeli peace activist, founder of Voice of Peace radio station.[41]
  • September 1 – Oded Schramm (born 1961), Israeli mathematician – fall.[42]
  • September 16 – Avraham Biran (born 1909), Israeli archaeologist – natural causes.[43]
  • October 27 – Zvi Keren (born 1917), American-born Israeli pianist, musicologist and composer.
  • November 17 – Yaakov Alperon (born 1955), Israeli organized crime mobster – car bomb.[44]
  • November 27 – Gideon Gechtman (born 1942), Egyptian-born Israeli artist – heart failure.[45]

Major public holidays[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Opall-Rome, Barbara (June 22, 2010). "Israel Launches Ofeq-9 Satellite". Defense News. Archived from the original on 2010-06-23. Retrieved June 22, 2010. 
  2. ^ Izenberg, Dan (January 30, 2008). "Winograd to issue final report today. Harsh judgment, no sanctions expected regarding Second Lebanon War errors". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 30 December 2010. [dead link]
  3. ^ "AFP: US charges NKorea-Syria nuclear link". Google. April 24, 2008. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Police seize more Olmert papers". BBC News. May 13, 2008. Retrieved 21 August 2010. 
  5. ^ unesco.org Archived 21 August 2011 at WebCite
  6. ^ usatoday.com
  7. ^ "Israeli PM to quit within months". BBC News. July 30, 2008. Retrieved 21 August 2010. 
  8. ^ "Israel's Livni set for power after party vote". Reuters. September 17, 2008. Retrieved 21 August 2010. 
  9. ^ [1] Archived May 21, 2011 at the Wayback Machine[dead link]
  10. ^ 25 Russian tourists dead as bus falls into ravine | Israel | Jerusalem Post
  11. ^ Kamen, Charles S. "The 2008 Israel Integrated Census of Population and Housing: Basic conception and procedure" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. p. 1. Retrieved 1 October 2010. 
  12. ^ "Israel to free Palestinian prisoners as Rice arrives". Google. AFP. August 24, 2008. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Settlers 'kill Palestinian raiders' – Middle East". Al Jazeera English. January 25, 2008. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  14. ^ Mcquaid, Elwood (January 24, 2008). "Policeman killed by terrorists outside Jerusale... JPost – Israel". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  15. ^ McCarthy, Rory (February 6, 2008). "Hamas says it was behind suicide blast in Israel". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 27 August 2010. 
  16. ^ "ynet הפלסטינים: 2 נערים נהרגו בתקיפת צה"ל בעזה – חדשות". Ynet.co.il. June 20, 1995. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Killing of 8 at Jewish seminary threatens latest truce efforts". USA Today. March 6, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2009. 
  18. ^ "THE WORLD; Palestinian militants attack a key Gaza border crossing; Three gunmen die and 16 soldiers are injured. Israel accuses Hamas of trying to cut off supplies to the strip". April 20, 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2010. [dead link]
  19. ^ Associated, The (April 2, 2008). "Gaza rocket hits Ashkelon mall; several people hurt". Haaretz. Israel. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  20. ^ Barzak, Ibrahim (June 6, 2008). "Palestinian girl, 6, killed as Israel retaliates for fatal kibbutz attack". The Independent (London). Retrieved 27 August 2010. 
  21. ^ "Deadly Jerusalem bulldozer attack". BBC News. July 2, 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  22. ^ "19 hurt as terrorist plows car into Jerusalem crowd". Haaretz. September 22, 2008. Archived from the original on 23 September 2008. Retrieved September 22, 2008. 
  23. ^ "Palestinian drives into crowd, injures 15, police say". CNN News. September 22, 2008. Archived from the original on 23 September 2008. Retrieved September 22, 2008. 
  24. ^ [2] Archived May 20, 2011 at the Wayback Machine[dead link]
  25. ^ "Israeli Gaza operation 'not over'". BBC News. March 3, 2008. Retrieved 31 December 2010. 
  26. ^ "Israeli troops kill 4 militants in W.Bank – medics". Reuters. March 12, 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2010. 
  27. ^ Former IDF chief of staff Moshe Levy dies YNet News, January 8, 2008
  28. ^ Uzi Cohen, renowned Likud activist, dies aged 55 Haaretz
  29. ^ General Dan Shomron The Times On-Line, February 27, 2008
  30. ^ Israel Prize laureate Aharon Amir dies Jerusalem Post, February 29, 2008
  31. ^ In Appreciation: Moscu Alkalai, 1931–2008 Jerusalem Post, April 6, 2008
  32. ^ Radio broadcaster Shosh Atari dies YNet News, April 2, 2008
  33. ^ Nissan Nativ dead at 86 YNet News, April 20, 2008
  34. ^ Exodus commander Yossi Harel dies at 90 Jerusalem Post, April 27, 2008
  35. ^ Former Herut MK Shmuel Katz, 93, Passes Away Israel National News, May 9, 2008
  36. ^ Critic and journalist Adam Baruch passes away at age 63 Haaretz, May 25, 2008
  37. ^ Former Shinui Party Chairman Yosef (Tommy) Lapid Dead at 77 Israel National News, June 1, 2008
  38. ^ Basketball coach Ralph Klein dies at 77 YNet News, August 7, 2008
  39. ^ Former MI chief Binyamin Gibli dies YNet News, August 19, 2008
  40. ^ Komponist Josef Tal gestorben Spiegel On-Line, August 25, 2008
  41. ^ Abie Nathan – Maverick entrepreneur and anti-war activist in Middle East politics The Guardian, August 29, 2008
  42. ^ Rescuers Recover Hiker's Body Seattle PI, September 3, 2008
  43. ^ The Remarkable Avraham Biran (1909–2008) Biblical Archaeological Review, October 21, 2008
  44. ^ Israeli 'mafia' boss assassinated BBC News, November 17, 2008
  45. ^ Artist Gideon Gechtman passed away. Maariv November 28, 2008. (Hebrew)[dead link]

External links[edit]