2009 NK Široki Brijeg–FK Sarajevo football riots

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A burning police car amidst the riots.

The NK Široki Brijeg- FK Sarajevo football riot refers to the riot involving the football clubs NK Široki Brijeg and FK Sarajevo during a leg of the 2009 Bosnian-Herzegovian Premier League in the Herzegovian town of Široki Brijeg. During the riot members of Horde Zla (a FK Sarajevo supporters group) and Škripari (a NK Široki Brijeg supporters group) confronted each other in alterations which subsequently spilled out to the majority of the town. Horde Zla burned cars and demolished shops while Škripari and residents of Široki Brijeg stoned Horde Zla buses and shot at supporters. Horde Zla also claim multiple counts of severe police brutality which led to the death of Horde Zla member Vedran Puljić from gunshot wounds.[1][2] [3]

The riots[edit]

There are conflicting reports about who started the violence. Horde Zla accused local residents and police for their mistreatment on their away to the match. Saying that the incident was planned by local politicians and that their buses were separated and parked too far from the stadium which left them open to stoning and attacks. They also claim that initially there were only 30 local policemen present, and they did nothing to prevent the violence.[4] Local police and residents said Horde Zla fans were the first to attack.[5] According to local police officials, most of the regional police had earlier been sent to the nearby city of Mostar to prevent possible violence during the match between the rival Zrinjski and Velež clubs scheduled for the same day thus leaving the match in Široki Brijeg relatively ill secured.[4]

Some 500 fans of the Sarajevo football club were present during the match in Široki Brijeg[4][6] as well as between 150 and 200 members of the Red Army (supporters of FK Velež closely aligned with Horde Zla).[7][7] According to Croatian media, members of Horde Zla have a history of starting riots in nearby Posušje[8][9] and that Horde Zla were involved in similar riots before. In September 1990 they had a conflict in Belgrade and they stabbed 2 members of Grobari (supporters of FK Partizan).[10] While Škripari have been accused by Bosnian media of harboring far-right Ustaše sympathies including displaying the Nazi swastika in their stands on multiple occasions.

31 people were injured in the riots, 6 of them heavily.[citation needed] One member of Horde, named Vedran Puljić (a Sarajevo Croat),[11] was shot and subsequently died.[12] According to Zlatko Galić, the chief of West Herzegovina County police, Vedran Puljić had a record for multiple violations related to hooliganism.[13] Police arrested Oliver Knezović as a suspect of shooting Vedran Puljić. Knezović is believed to be a former member of Kažnjenička Bojna unit of HVO. He reportedly fired at the FK Sarajevo supporters using a Kalashnikov automatic rifle.[14] Knezović escaped from prison only hours after he was apprehended.[14][15] Eight Široki Brijeg policemen were detained for allowing the escape of Oliver Knezović.[16]

Oliver Knezović fled to Zagreb, Croatia, where he would not be extradited to the authorities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as there is no agreement on this issue between the two countries. He gave an interview for a local TV network, asserting his innocence.[17] After the interview Knezović surrendered to a Zagreb police station with his lawyer.[18] An autopsy revealed that Puljić was killed by a bullet from a police pistol.[19] Knezović reportedly had been shooting from an AK 47.[20][21] Citing unnamed police sources, some media reported that Knezović took the pistol from an officer before shooting Puljić.[22][23] Knezović said that he had taken the pistol but returned it to the policeman before the shooting. He later came to the police station, but escaped after claiming that the police were looking to arrest him for not only shooting at members of Horde Zla (which he does not dispute he did) but also for the murder of Vedran Puljić (which he claims was committed by someone else.[18] The policeman Dragan Vujović was also taken into custody in relation to the murder of Puljić. Citing unnamed police sources, some media reports claimed Vujović is being investigated as an accomplice to murder.[23] Other media reports said that Vujović's hands tested positive for gunpowder residue, which he purportedly claimed was due to his coming into contact with the large quantities of fireworks used that day. Some reports say that the policeman has failed a polygraph test in relation to the event.[23]

Some members of Horde zla were arrested and put in custody. But after Horde Zla spokes people claimed they had reports that those members were being mistreated in prison the Federal Minister Of Justice Mirsad Kebo had them transferred to Sarajevo and released.[9] This move was met with disapproval by citizens of Široki Brijeg.[24]

Reactions[edit]

Široki Brijeg[edit]

During the following days many citizens had gathered in front of the West Herzegovina county headquarters. They blamed the violence on Horde Zla. Miro Kraljević, the mayor, addressed the audience giving them his support. The official representative of Škripari read a list of requests to the authorities of West Herzegovina county.

The protester left after a speech by Stanko Škorba, the president of the Union of handicapped people from the Homeland war. Škorba told them that the ministry of internal affairs has accepted to look into their requests. Although, he said, that does not mean that the Ministry necessarily sees these complaints as valid.

The council of Široki Brijeg also held an extraordinary meeting. The counselors made a declaration denouncing the violence that occurred.[25]

The protests were repeated the same week. There were between 13 and 15[26] thousand protesters. Besides citizens of Široki Brijeg the fans of Croat dominated clubs from Mostar, Tomislavgrad, Livno, Žepče, Kiseljak, Posavina and a number of people from Croatia attended. Representatives of Škripari demanded the resignation of Mirsad Kebo and Zvonimir Jukić.

Sarajevo[edit]

In Sarajevo, members of Horde Zla also organized city wide demonstrations. They were joined by fans of Željezničar, Čelik, Rudar, Travnik, Slavija and many other Bosnian clubs as well as over 7000 citizens.

They alleged that the causes for violence started even before they entered the town of Široki Brijeg in the form of provocations by local residents shouting ethnic slurs at them and gross negligence by the Široki Brijeg police which split them up into small unprotected groups and completely ignored any misconduct on the side of the Škripari up to and including doing nothing to stop the Škripari from hurling rocks at them. The supporters of many other Bosnian clubs present during the demonstrations have also reported that they were subject to similar ethnic provocations and willful police neglect when visiting Herzegovina.

They also expressed shock at the fact that as soon as physical confrontations broke out between them and the Škripari, the police started attacking members of Horde Zla in unison with Škripari and other local residents instead of doing their job of separating them. They demanded a thorough investigation into the misconduct of the Široki Brijeg police force which later confirmed that multiple policemen have been aiding and abetting assaults on members of Horde Zla including, in the case of policeman Dragan Vujović, being accomplices to murder. They also accused the police of ignoring local residents who had been shooting automatic weapons at the members of Horde Zla as in the case of Oliver Knezević who can be seen holding an AK-47 while being ignored by a nearby police officer on surveillance footage.[27]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Početna". BH News. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  2. ^ "FC Sarajevo fan dies in riots! | Riot terrace fashion blog". Riotonline.com. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  3. ^ "Kaos u Širokom Brijegu: propucan navijač Sarajeva, huligani tukli po kućama (VIDEO i FOTOGALERIJA) > Slobodna Dalmacija > Nogomet". Slobodnadalmacija.hr. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  4. ^ a b c "The Dirty Side of Football / ISN". Isn.ethz.ch. 2009-10-23. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  5. ^ "All Balkans Home". Balkan Insight. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ a b "Policija tukla navijače Veleža u Širokom Brijegu - Klix.ba". Sarajevo-x.com. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  8. ^ "Maintenance Mode". skibyusa.com. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  9. ^ a b "SUDSKI POLICAJCI OSLOBOĐENI, TUŽITELJICA: Poštivala sam zakon, a ne Kebu". Poskok.info. 2009-10-08. Retrieved 2013-10-26. 
  10. ^ "Sve počelo s "ubij četnika, Turčina, ustašu"". Livno-online.com. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  11. ^ "Orgijanje nad Vedranom Puljićem". Poskok.info. 2009-10-08. Retrieved 2013-10-26. 
  12. ^ "No vengeance will ever apalliate my pain - Current Events - Croatia - Dalje.com". Javno.com. 2009-10-08. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  13. ^ Piše: četvrtak, 8.10.2009. 17:11 (2009-10-08). "Sudski policajci pušteni na slobodu, ubijeni navijač Puljić policiji poznat po kaznenim djelima - Vijesti.net". Index.hr. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  14. ^ a b "All Balkans Home". Balkan Insight. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  15. ^ "Bosnian football fan's suspected killer escapes police custody - Wikinews, the free news source". En.wikinews.org. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  16. ^ "All Balkans Home". Balkan Insight. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  17. ^ "The Leading Pincom Site on the Net". Pincom.info. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  18. ^ a b "All Balkans Home". Balkan Insight. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  19. ^ "Navijač ubijen policijskim pištoljem - ali ne od policajca | Video dana | DW.DE | 06.10.2009". Dw-world.de. 2010-03-20. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  20. ^ "Puljić je ubijen iz pištolja, a Knezović imao automat? - 24sata". 24sata.hr. 2011-12-05. Retrieved 2013-04-30. 
  21. ^ [2][dead link]
  22. ^ "EKSKLUZIVNO Dnevni list u posjedu fotografija Olivera Knezovića s oružjem". Dnevni-list.ba. 2009-10-18. Retrieved 2013-10-26. 
  23. ^ a b c [3][dead link]
  24. ^ "Danijel Srb: Ujedinit ćemo hrvatsku desnicu i promjeniti političku sliku Hrvatske!". Otvoreno.ba. Retrieved 2013-10-26. 
  25. ^ "Široki Brijeg - službene stranice - USVOJENA DEKLARACIJA O OSUDI NASILJA". Sirokibrijeg.ba. Retrieved 2013-10-26. 
  26. ^ [4][dead link]
  27. ^ "Kako je ubijen Vedran Puljić?". e-novine.com. Retrieved 2013-10-26. 

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