2009 Nevsky Express bombing

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"Nevsky Express bombing" redirects here. For 2007 bombing, see 2007 Nevsky Express bombing.
2009 Nevsky Express bombing
Uglovka, Okulovsky District, Novgorod Oblast, Russia
Details
Date 27 November 2009
Time 21:25[1]/21:30[2][3]/21:34[4]/21:35[5]/21:48[6] MSK (UTC+3)
Location Between Alyoshinka and Uglovka, Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates 58°7′33″N 33°40′25″E / 58.12583°N 33.67361°E / 58.12583; 33.67361Coordinates: 58°7′33″N 33°40′25″E / 58.12583°N 33.67361°E / 58.12583; 33.67361
Country Russia
Rail line Oktyabrskaya Railway
Operator Russian Railways
Type of incident Derailment
Cause Terrorist act, bombing (29.288 MJ)[7]
Statistics
Trains 1
Passengers 660+[1]
Deaths 28[8]
Injuries 96[9] + 1[10]
Damage 1 km of railway, 4 carriages[11][12]
Electric locomotive Škoda ChS200 (66E) with "Nevsky Express" train
Conference with Vladimir Yakunin
Special meeting with Dmitry Medvedev

The 2009 Nevsky Express bombing occurred on 27 November 2009 when a bomb exploded[13] under a high speed train travelling between the Russian cities of Moscow and Saint Petersburg causing derailment near the town of Bologoye, Tver Oblast (approximately 200 miles or 320 kilometres from Moscow), on the Moscow–Saint Petersburg Railway. The derailment occurred at 21:34 local time (18:34 UTC).[14] Russian officials had stated that 39 people were killed and 95 injured but later retracted the death toll, with 27 deaths reported as of December 2.[10] A second bomb exploded at the scene of the investigation the following day, injuring one. It was reported to have been triggered by a remote mobile phone.[15]

The first respondents were residents of Lykoshino, a nearby village.[16] A field hospital was set up to treat the wounded[17] and at least 50 were hospitalised in Saint Petersburg.[18] It is believed that, at the time of the derailment, the Nevsky Express was carrying 661 passengers in 13 carriages, of which the last four were thought to have been affected by the incident.[11][12] Although initial reports blamed an electrical fault for the derailment, investigation showed that the derailment may have been caused by an act of terrorism; a crater was found in the ground near the crash site.[18]

The government confirmed that the accident was caused by terrorists, making this attack Russia's deadliest outside the North Caucasus region since the 2004 Russian aircraft bombings.[19]

Cause[edit]

About 44 minutes before the incident the high-speed train Sapsan was doing a trial run in the same area.

Russian media initially reported that the cause of the derailment was an electrical fault. However, witness reports of hearing a "loud bang",[17][20] though another passenger told reporters in St Petersburg there had been no blast.[20] Interfax news agency said a 3-foot-wide (0.91 m) crater had been found next to the railway track, though Reuters reporters at the scene did not see one.[20] The discovery of a 1 m (3.3 ft) crater under the tracks altered the focus of the investigation as officials suspected that the incident might instead be the result of a terrorist attack.[18] Later on 28 November, Alexander Bortnikov, head of the Federal Security Service (FSB), reported to President Dmitry Medvedev that the train was derailed by an explosion of 29.288 MJ.[21]

Early investigation reports did not indicate consensus over the cause. While some reports indicated suspicion of terrorist-related activities, one law enforcement official said that the crater "must be just a pit someone dug out [or could have been] left by an explosive device".[22] Some railway engineers additionally suggested that derailment may have been caused by one or several technical failures without any explosion involved.[23][24]

Responsibility for the attack had first been claimed by far-right nationalists,[25] then by the "Caucasian Mujahadeen" on orders from Dokka Umarov, who is considered to be "the leader of the Islamist insurgency in the North Caucasus."[26] The attack was claimed to have been part of a series of attacks planned to Russian infrastructure.[26] Vladimir Yakunin, the head of Russian railways, noted similarities between this attack and the 2007 Nevsky Express bombing, though responsibility for the 2009 attack is yet to be confirmed.[26] Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov expressed doubts about Umarov's direct involvement, saying it may have been an attempt for him to "raise his standing in the eyes of his foreign backers".[27]

Evidence linked to the train explosion was found during an investigation that took place following a raid on suspected rebels on 2–3 March 2010, in which close associate of Umarov, Said Buryatsky, along with 7 other suspects were killed. Additionally, according to Bortnikov, bomb material "identical" to what was used in the 2007 train attack had also been uncovered during the raid.[28]

Casualties[edit]

The high-end train was popular with government officials and Russian business executives.[29]

Notable deaths
Notable injuries
  • Dmitry Goin – deputy head of Rosreserve[31]
  • Alexander Poshivay – head of administration of Rosreserve[31]

Second bomb[edit]

A second, weaker bomb exploded the next day, 28 November at 14:00 (11:00 UTC), near the site of the first blast.[32] The bomb was detonated by remote control, and was apparently targeted at investigators, injuring Alexander Bastrykin, the head of the Investigative Committee and highest-ranking government official to visit the scene.[10][33][34] No deaths were reported.[10]

Response[edit]

President Dmitry Medvedev was informed of the incident and ordered an investigation by the FSB,[17][18] while the Emergency Situations Minister held a crisis meeting with the interior and Health Ministers.[14] As per the Russian Interior Minister Rashid Nurgaliyev, several leads have been pursued and criminal case was opened under Articles 205 (terrorism) and Article 222 (illegal possession or storage of weapons or explosives) of the Russian Criminal Code.[35] In a televised Q&A session on 3 December, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin also called for tough measures against the perpetrators of the bombing and reiterated terrorism still caused significant threats to the country.[36] On 3 December, Russia's Transport police released sketches of four possible suspects one of which is believed to be a female. Russian Security Services allege these individuals had rented a house in the nearby village with a purpose of establishing train movement schedules for planning the attack and subsequently planted the explosives.[37][38]

Charges[edit]

On March 31, 2010, the official investigation resulted in charges of terrorism, participation in unlawful armed formations and illegal trafficking in explosives and ammunition against 12 ethnic Ingush from the village of Ekazhevo in Ingushetia; 11 of them have the last name Kartoyev and are related; the 12th is Zelimkhan Aushev. The alleged leader of the terrorist cell was an Islamist preacher known as Said Abu Saad al-Buryatia or Said Buryatsky. Said Buryatsky was killed in a clash with police in March 2010.[39] Final version of the indictment was filed on January 20, 2011, with 9 Kartoyevs and Aushev charged.[40]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Радиостанция "Эхо Москвы" / Новости / Суббота, 28.11.2009 / В деревнях у места крушения "Невского экспресса" сотрудники милиции ищут возможных террористов". Echo.msk.ru. 2008-06-29. Archived from the original on 1 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-28. 
  2. ^ "Радиостанция "Эхо Москвы" / Передачи / Разворот (утренний) / Суббота, 28.11.2009: Борис Грузд, адвокат, очевидец крушения "Невского экспресса"". Echo.msk.ru. 2008-06-29. Archived from the original on 2 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-28. 
  3. ^ "Радио "Маяк" / В крушении "Невского экспресса" есть погибшие и раненые". Radiomayak.ru. Archived from the original on 30 November 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-28. 
  4. ^ ""Невский экспресс" взорвали 7 килограммами тротила". Lenta.ru. Archived from the original on 30 November 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-28. 
  5. ^ "ВЗГЛЯД / Поезд Петербург-Москва частично сошел с рельсов в Тверской области". Vz.ru. Archived from the original on 1 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-28. 
  6. ^ "На место катастрофы "Невского экспресса" выехал глава СКП РФ—Происшествия, поезд, катастрофа—Росбалт". Rosbalt.ru. Archived from the original on 2 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-28. 
  7. ^ "Радиостанция "Эхо Москвы" / Новости / Новости Эха / Суббота, 28.11.2009 / На месте крушения Невского экспресса могло находиться еще одно взрывное устройство". Echo.msk.ru. Archived from the original on 1 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-28. 
  8. ^ "ЧИСЛО ЖЕРТВ КРУШЕНИЯ "НЕВСКОГО ЭКСПРЕССА" ВОЗРОСЛО ДО 28-МИ ЧЕЛОВЕК" (in Russian). Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "Радиостанция "Эхо Москвы" / Новости / Новости Эха / Суббота, 28.11.2009 / По предварительным данным, 26 человек погибли и 96 пострадали в результате крушения Невского экспресса". Echo.msk.ru. 2008-06-29. Archived from the original on 1 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-28. 
  10. ^ a b c d Abdullaev, Nabi (2009-12-02). "2nd Train Blast Injured Bastrykn". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 2009-12-02. 
  11. ^ a b "At least 25 killed as train derails in western Russia". New York: New York Times. 28 November 2009. Archived from the original on 1 December 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  12. ^ a b Shchedrov, Oleg (27 November 2009). "Russian train crash kills 25, terrorism suspected". London: Reuters. Archived from the original on 6 January 2010. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
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  15. ^ Russia holds Nevsky Express train blast funerals BBC Retrieved on December 22, 2009
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  18. ^ a b c d Jones, Aidan (28 November 2009). "Bomb suspected as Russia train crash kills at least 22". London: Guardian News and Media. Archived from the original on 1 December 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  19. ^ Odynova, Alexandra (2009-11-30). "25 Dead in Luxury Train Bombing". The Moscow Times. Archived from the original on 3 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-02. 
  20. ^ a b c Sinyakov, Denis (28 November 2009). "Russian express train crash kills 22". London: The Independent. Archived from the original on 1 December 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  21. ^ "Neva express derailment caused by explosion of 7 kg (15 lb) TNT" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 30 November 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
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  23. ^ Fontanka.ru
  24. ^ SvobodaNews.ru
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  28. ^ Russian Forces Kill 8, Find Train Attack Clues The St. Petersburg Times Retrieved on March 09, 2010
  29. ^ Sekretarev, Ivan (28 November 2009). "Russia: Bomb caused train crash that killed 26". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2 December 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
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  34. ^ "Top detective hurt in second blast at train crash site". BreakingNews.ie. 2009-12-01. Retrieved 2009-12-02. 
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  36. ^ "Vladimir Putin 'to think about' presidential bid". London: BBC News. 2009-12-03. Archived from the original on 31 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-03. 
  37. ^ Lewis, Dana (2009-12-03). "Four Sought in Russian Train Bombing". Fox News. Archived from the original on 5 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-03. 
  38. ^ Fedosov, Ilya (2009-12-03). "New details of the terror act" (in Russian). Saint-Petersburg: NTV. Retrieved 2009-12-03. 
  39. ^ Aleksei Sokovnin, Musa Muradov (1 April 2010). "Charges and acquittals for Nevsky Express". Kommersant. Retrieved 3 November 2010. 
  40. ^ "По делу "Невского экспресса"-2009 предъявлено окончательное обвинение". RIA Novosti. Retrieved 2011-01-21. 

External links[edit]