2009 Pittsburgh police shootings
|Pittsburgh police shootings|
|Location||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States|
|Date||Saturday, April 4, 2009
7:03 a.m.-c. 11:03 a.m.
|3 (2 by gunfire, including the perpetrator)|
The 2009 Pittsburgh police shootings was a shootout that took place on Saturday, April 4, 2009, at 1016 Fairfield Street in the Stanton Heights neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, stemming from a mother and her 22-year-old son's argument over a dog urinating in the house. At approximately 7:11 a.m. EDT, 22-year-old Richard Poplawski opened fire on two Pittsburgh Police officers responding to a 9-1-1 call from Poplawski's mother, who was attempting to get the police officers to remove her son from the home. Three police officers were ultimately confirmed dead, and another two were seriously injured.
According to Pittsburgh Police Chief, Nathan Harper, Poplawski was armed with a semi-automatic AK-47-style rifle, a shotgun and three handguns (a .357 Magnum revolver, a .380-caliber handgun and a .45-caliber handgun), protected by a bulletproof vest, and had been lying in wait for the officers. According to police and witnesses, he held police at bay for four hours as the fallen officers were left bleeding nearby, their colleagues unable to reach them. More than 600 rounds were fired by the SWAT teams and Poplawski.
The victims were the first Pittsburgh city officers killed in the line of duty in 18 years. The incident was the second-deadliest attack on U.S. law enforcement since the September 11 attacks, following a March 2009 shooting in Oakland, California.
On June 28, 2011, Poplawski was sentenced to death by lethal injection on three counts of murder in the first degree.
At 7:03 a.m. EDT, Officers Paul Sciullo and Stephen Mayhle of the Pittsburgh Bureau of Police responded to a 9-1-1 call from Poplawski's mother over a domestic disturbance. When the officers arrived at the scene, the mother answered the door, explaining that she wanted Poplawski out of the house. As the two officers entered the home, Poplawski was reportedly wearing a bulletproof vest and "lying in wait". Sciullo was immediately shot in the head. Almost immediately thereafter, Officer Mayhle was also shot in the head.
Officer Eric Kelly, on his way home after completing his overnight shift, heard the call for help and arrived at the scene. Poplawski then shot Kelly as he was attempting to aid Sciullo and Mayhle. Officer Timothy McManaway arrived at the scene and was shot in the hand while attempting to pull Kelly to safety, after he saw Kelly wave at him. McManaway sought cover and returned fire. Another officer, Brian Jones, suffered a broken leg when a fence he was climbing collapsed. A short time later, more officers, SWAT team members, and other law enforcement officers arrived and were fired on as well.
A neighbor who witnessed the incident reported "They couldn't get the scene secure enough to get to them. They were just lying there bleeding, by the time they secured the scene enough to get to them, it was way too late."
The standoff with police lasted for approximately four hours. Poplawski's friend Edward Perkovic said he got a call at work from Poplawski during which he said, "Eddie, I am going to die today. ... Tell your family I love them and I love you." Perkovic said "I heard gunshots and he hung up. ... He sounded like he was in pain, like he got shot." According to the sources, Poplawski was shot in the leg before surrendering to authorities. Poplawski was transported to UPMC Presbyterian after the shooting where he was treated under custody. On April 5, Poplawski was moved from the hospital to the Allegheny County Jail.
Perpetrator and victims
Richard Andrew Poplawski (born September 12, 1986) lived with his mother and grandmother in the Stanton Heights neighborhood of Pittsburgh. Poplawski had previously enlisted in the United States Marine Corps, but he was discharged from boot camp after throwing a food tray at a drill instructor.
According to friends and former acquaintances, Poplawski was first married when he was 17. His first wife was a young woman whom he had encountered whilst detained in a juvenile correctional center. The marriage lasted for almost two years. His divorce troubled him emotionally until he found a new girlfriend. This new relationship was also very unsteady and on September 14, 2005, Poplawski allegedly assaulted his then-girlfriend outside his home. A month later, Poplawski allegedly violated an order of protection by showing up at the woman's place of work. Poplawski had recently lost his job at a glass factory, and was reportedly quite upset over the job loss. Neighbors also reported that Poplawski was involved in several arguments with neighbors, including a couple of fistfights, and one incident in which he insulted a black Stanton Heights resident by shouting a racial slur in his face.
Poplawski moved to Florida in 2006, and rented a room in a woman's house. However, she later evicted him after her German Shepherd disappeared while under Poplawski's care. He later moved in with the woman's neighbor, who said that he spoke lovingly about his grandmother but seemed disappointed in his mother.
Edward Perkovic, a friend of Poplawski, said the gunman feared "the Obama gun ban that's on the way" and "didn't like our rights being infringed upon". Perkovic also stated that Poplawski "didn't like the Zionists controlling the media and controlling, you know, our freedom of speech" and that "He didn't like the control of the guns that was about to happen. He believed everything our forefathers put before us and thought that it was being distorted." Another longtime friend, Aaron Vire, said that Poplawski feared President Obama was going to take away his rights.
Poplawski posted that he believed that "the federal government, mainstream media, and banking system in these United States are strongly under the influence of -- if not completely controlled by -- Zionist interest. An economic collapse of the financial system is inevitable, bringing with it some degree of civil unrest if not outright balkanization of the continental US, civil/revolutionary/racial war . . . This collapse is likely engineered by the elite Jewish powers that be in order to make for a power and asset grab."
On March 13, 2009, Poplawski wrote on a white supremacist website that "ZOG (Zionist-occupied government) is... One can read the list of significant persons in government and in major corporations and see who is pulling the strings. One can observe the policies and final products and should walk away with little doubt there is Zionist occupation and -- after some further research & critical thinking -- will discover their insidious intentions."
Mark Potok, a representative of the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) which had reviewed Poplawski's internet postings, stated that "he believed the Jews were coming, the Jews controlled society, you know, we're all under the thumb of Zionists and so on." A report by the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) stated that Poplawski had expressed frustration that "not enough attention was being focused on the evil of Jews."
Poplawski was a member of Stormfront, a white supremacist website, where he was a frequent visitor and poster. Poplawski had reportedly posted a picture of his tattoo, a "deliberately Americanized version of the iron eagle" to the website, as well as a link to a YouTube video of Congressman Ron Paul discussing with Fox News host Glenn Beck the rumored existence of FEMA-managed concentration camps. Poplawski last logged into Stormfront at 3:32 a.m. Saturday, only hours before the shootings. Poplawski also frequently visited and occasionally posted on Alex Jones' Infowars website. One of his frustrations with the site, though, was that it supposedly didn't focus enough on the nefarious roles played by Jews in all these conspiracies. "For being such huge players in the endgame," he observed in a March 29, 2009, posting to Infowars, "too many 'infowarriors' are surprisingly unfamiliar with the Zionists." Among Poplawski's "last few links from MySpace" were a Myers-Briggs personality test, and a psychotherapy chart.
The three deceased officers were:
- Officer Eric G. Kelly, age 41, a 14-year veteran of the force, survived by his wife, three daughters, mother, and sister;
- Officer Stephen J. Mayhle, age 29, a two-year veteran of the force, survived by his wife, two daughters, parents, and two brothers;
- Officer Paul J. Sciullo, II, age 37, a two-year veteran of the force, survived by his parents, two sisters, and fiancée.
The two wounded officers were:
- Officer Timothy McManaway, age 46, a 14-year veteran of the force; and
- Officer Brian Jones, age 37, a three-year veteran of the force who suffered an unrelated leg injury.
A final radio roll call for the three officers killed was held following the shooting on Saturday night, April 4. On April 6, Governor Ed Rendell announced that flags at all state buildings would be flown at half-staff until the end of the week.
Afterward, it was revealed that although Poplawski's mother had told the 9-1-1 operator that Poplawski owned guns, the operator typed "no weapons" on her computer screen, relaying the information to the police dispatcher. When the operator asked Ms. Poplawski if her son had weapons, she responded yes, and stated that they were all legal. When asked to confirm that she was not being threatened with the guns, Ms. Poplawski did not answer, instead repeating that she wanted her son out of the house. Management in the Allegheny County response center contend that the dispatcher meant to relay that no weapons were involved in the dispute. The county's Chief for Emergency Services stated that the 9-1-1 operator had been on the job for less than a year, including training, and was placed on administrative leave and offered counseling.
According to police interviewing Poplawski while imprisoned, he believed Mayhle to be faking his death, and so shot him again. He told police that he planned for police to kill him, but changed his mind and surrendered, hoping he could write a book in prison. Interviewers described Poplawski as unremorseful with a "cold demeanor". In the hours after the standoff ended and during interviews with detectives, Poplawski bragged about his actions, telling them he thought he might have killed as many as five officers.
Officers Kelly, Mayhle, and Sciullo lay in repose at the Pittsburgh City-County Building from April 8 until 10:00 a.m. April 9. Thousands of citizens and law enforcement officers visited the caskets, including representatives from the DC Metro Police, Montgomery County, Maryland, Cobb County, Georgia police, and 49 Troopers from the New Jersey State Police.
Beginning at 10:00 a.m. on Thursday, April 9, the caskets were carried to three hearses, and a procession of an estimated 1,000 police vehicles travelled, along with the Pittsburgh Firefighters Memorial; Cleveland Police and Pittsburgh Police Dept. Pipes and Drums; Pittsburgh Fire Dept. Pipes and Drums; NYPD Emerald Society Pipes and Drums; Philadelphia Police and Fire Pipes and Drums; Camden County NJ Emerald Society Pipes and Drums; Union County NJ Pipes and Drums; Washington D.C. Regional Pipes and Drums; Cleveland Pipes and Drums; Atlantic County (NJ) Pipes and Drums; and many more pipe bands, from the City-County Building along the Martin Luther King Jr. East Busway to the University of Pittsburgh's Petersen Events Center. Hundreds of officers had been standing at attention outside the center for nearly two hours. Guests at the ceremony included FBI Director Robert Mueller; Allegheny County District Attorney Steven Zappala; county executive Dan Onorato; Pennsylvania Governor Ed Rendell; state Attorney General Tom Corbett; U.S. Senator Bob Casey; former Pittsburgh Police Chief Nathan Harper; and former chief Robert McNeilly.
On April 21, 2010, a spokesman for Allegheny County District Attorney Stephen Zappala announced that he would seek the death penalty for Poplawski, whose formal arraignment took place on June 1. A county judge ordered police investigators, attorneys, court and jail personnel to not discuss the case with the media.
Although Pennsylvania has the death penalty on the books, and has hundreds of convicted murderers on death row, the last time the state actually executed anyone was in 1999. Since the state reinstated the death penalty in 1978, only three people have been executed, and all three had waived their appeal rights. Pennsylvania has never executed anyone who has taken full advantage of the appeal process. According to the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, if Poplawski chooses to take full advantage of the appeal process, then even if he is sentenced to death, "it may not happen".
During the first week of June 2009, the case was officially assigned to Common Pleas Judge Jeffrey A. Manning. On June 5, Manning ordered the attorneys to exchange discovery materials immediately, and scheduled an August 13 hearing to "address any outstanding discovery issues." Afterward, a date was to be set to hear pretrial motions, followed by a trial date. Although cases are usually assigned to judges at random, an exception is made for cases that could possibly involve the death penalty. Manning was assigned to this case because during his 20 years as a judge, he has heard nearly two dozen cases where the death penalty was a possibility, including the 2001 trial of Richard S. Baumhammers, who was sentenced to death for murdering five people.
Poplawski's trial was originally scheduled to start on October 12, 2010, but was delayed until April 25, 2011, due to a defense request for additional time to address the death penalty aspect of the case. The trial began on June 20, 2011. On June 28, 2011 Poplawski was sentenced to death after being found guilty by the jury a few days before. On Saturday, June 25, 2011, the jury delivered a verdict of guilty on three counts of first-degree homicide and all other counts, after deliberating for approximately 4 hours.
On June 28, 2011, Poplawski was sentenced to death by lethal injection.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2009 Pittsburgh police shootings.|
- List of American police officers killed in the line of duty
- 2010 West Memphis police shootings
- 2006 Manchester, New Hampshire police shooting
- 2009 shootings of Oakland police officers
- Gun laws in Pennsylvania
- Murder of Timothy Brenton
- Lakewood, Washington police officer shooting
- Uniform Firearms Act
- "Affidavit outlines shootings that left three Pittsburgh police officers dead". Post-gazette.com. 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
- "Dispute Led to Shootings in Pittsburgh". New York Times. April 5, 2009. Archived from the original on 9 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-06.
- PLUSHNICK-MASTI, Ramit; DAN NEPHIN (April 4, 2009). "Gunman ‘lying in wait’ kills 3 Pittsburgh officers". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 7 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-04.
- "3 officers killed in Pittsburgh shooting". Las Vegas Sun. Associated Press. April 4, 2009. Archived from the original on 10 April 2009. Retrieved April 6, 2009.[dead link]
- "Shooting ranks as one of deadliest in U.S. law enforcement in decades". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. April 5, 2009. Archived from the original on 8 April 2009. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
- "Cop-Killer Richard Poplawski Sentenced To Death". www.wpxi.com. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
- PLUSHNICK-MASTI, RAMIT (2009-04-04). "3 officers killed in Pittsburgh shooting". Associated Press. Retrieved 2009-04-04.
- "Hail Of Gunfire In Pittsburgh Leaves 3 Officers Dead". WJACTV. Archived from the original on 10 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-04.
- Walton, Allan (April 4, 2009). "100 bullets fired in shootout with suspected cop killer". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2009-04-04.
- "Who is Richard Poplawski?". WTAE-TV. April 6, 2009. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
- Lord, Rich (April 12, 2009). "Poplawski attended North Catholic High School until he was expelled his junior year. A portrait of contrasts emerges from those who knew Poplawski". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on 15 April 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2009.
- Roddy, Dennis B. (April 5, 2009). "Suspect in officers' shooting was into conspiracy theories". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on 6 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-05.
- Lord, Rich (April 12, 2009). "A portrait of contrasts emerges from those who knew Poplawski". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on 2009-08-11. Retrieved 2009-08-04.
- Lord, Rich (April 12, 2009). "A portrait of contrasts emerges from those who knew Poplawski". Pittsburgh Post-gazette. Archived from the original on 2009-08-11. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
- "Shooter Wearing Bulletproof Vest Guns Down 3 Pittsburgh Officers, Upset Over Losing Job". Associated Press. April 4, 2009. Archived from the original on 6 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-04.
- Roddy, Dennis. "Richard Poplawski's online trail leads neither far right nor far left. It's just confused.". Slate Magazine. Archived from the original on 2009-08-11. Retrieved 2009-08-04.
- Pittsburgh killer believes Jews control government, Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA), April 7, 2009. Accessed 2009-08-04. Archived 2009-08-11.
- Police shooting suspect may have been white supremacist by KC Wildmoon, CNN, March 9, 2009.
- "Richard Poplawski: The Making of a Lone Wolf". Anti-Defamation League. April 6, 2009. Archived from the original on 11 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-07.
- Roddy, Dennis B. (April 6, 2009). "Poplawski was 'Braced for Fate' in days leading to attack". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2009-04-07.
- Blumenthal, Max (April 7, 2009). "What a Killer Was Watching". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on 10 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-07.
- Poplawski frequented right-wing Web sites, UPI, April 5, 2009
- Hamill, Sean (April 7, 2009). "Man Accused in Pittsburgh Killings Voiced Racist Views Online". New York Times. Archived from the original on 10 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-07.
- "Zone 5 Holds Final Roll Call For Fallen Officers". WTAE-TV. Archived from the original on 7 April 2009. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
- "TribLIVE: #(gSection.name)#". Pittsburghlive.com:8000. 2012-01-05. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
- Silver, Jonathan D. (April 7, 2009). "Critical error by 9-1-1 worker failed to note Poplawski owned guns". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on 2009-08-11. Retrieved April 8, 2009.
- Sherman, Jerome L. (April 8, 2009). "Poplawski called unremorseful". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on 10 April 2009. Retrieved April 8, 2009.
- "A portrait of contrasts emerges from those who knew Poplawski - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette". Post-gazette.com. 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
- "City Mourns: Thousands Attend Pittsburgh Police Viewing". WTAE-TV. April 8, 2009. Archived from the original on 10 April 2009. Retrieved April 9, 2009.
- "N.J. State trooper accuses superior officer of sexually assaulting, impregnating her". Newark (N.J.) Star-Ledger. December 2, 2009. Archived from the original on 6 December 2009. Retrieved January 8, 2010.
- "Thousands mourn fallen city police officers - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette". Post-gazette.com. 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
- "Fallen Police Memorial Under Way At Petersen Center". WTAE-TV. April 9, 2009. Archived from the original on 11 April 2009. Retrieved April 9, 2009.
- Gurman, Sadie (April 21, 2009). "Zappala will seek death for Poplawski". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved April 21, 2009.
- For those convicted, it's a long road to the death penalty, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 19, 2009
- August hearing set for man charged in police officer killings, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 5, 2009. Accessed 2009-08-04. Archived 2009-08-11.
- Poplawski murder trial scheduled for Oct. 12, Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, April 7, 2010. Accessed 2010-10-03.
- Accused cop-killer Poplawski's trial delayed until April, Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, June 29, 2010. Accessed 2010-10-03.
- "Police show support as trial in officers' killings begins". Post-gazette.com. 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
- "Poplawski guilty on all counts". Post-gazette.com. 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
- "Cop-Killer Richard Poplawski Sentenced To Death". www.wpxi.com. Retrieved 2012-05-22.