2009 Southeast Asian Games
|25th Southeast Asian Games|
Motto: "Generosity Amity Healthy Lifestyle"
|Opening ceremony||9 December|
|Closing ceremony||18 December|
|Officially opened by||Choummaly Sayasone
President of Laos
|Athlete's Oath||Mayuly Phanouvong|
|Torch Lighter||Phoxay Aphailath (Wushu)|
|Ceremony venue||New Laos National Stadium|
This was the first time Laos had held the Southeast Asian Games (Laos had previously declined hosting the 1965 Southeast Asian Peninsular Games citing financial difficulties). It has also commemorated the 50 years of the SEA Games .
A number of competitions started prior to the opening ceremony on 9 December, including the football, water polo, pencak silat and table tennis competitions. The first gold medal of the 2009 Games was awarded to a team representing Singapore, who won their 23rd consecutive water polo tournament in the history of the Games.
New National Sport Complex
- New Laos National Stadium (ceremony, athletics, football) – 25,000 seat capacity.
- Aquatics stadium (aquatics, finswimming) – 2,000 seat capacity.
- Archery range (archery)
- Gymnasium Tanggo Buntung (badminton) – 3,000 seat capacity.
- Gymnasium Pahoman (volleyball) – 3,000 seat capacity.
- SEA Games golf course (golf)
- Shooting range (shooting) – 50 seat capacity.
- Tennis court (tennis) – 2,000 seat capacity.
- Olympia Gymnasium (boxing)
- Convention hall (table tennis)
- Booyong Gymnasium (taekwondo, wrestling)
- Petanque court (petanque)
- Athletics village
- Donchan Palace Hotel (billiards and snooker)
- Chao Anu Vong Stadium (football)
- Chao Anu Vong Gymnasium (judo, karate)
- LAO International Trade Exhibition and Convention Centre-ITECC (pencak silat, sepak takraw, wushu)
- Tad Sone (cycling)
- Pornsawan School (weightlifting)
- LAO-THAI Gymnasium (muay)
- Beung Kha Nong Gymnasium (shuttle cock)
The mascots for the 2009 SEA Games are two white elephants dressed in traditional Lao attire. The male elephant is named Champa and the female elephant is named Champi. The two white elephants symbolise Laos as it was known as the kingdom of Lan Xang in ancient times, which literally means "the kingdom of a million elephants" when translated into English. The mascots are depicted as being cheerful, which is an important part in making sports competitions joyful and lively.
|●||Opening ceremony||●||Event competitions||●||Event finals||●||Closing ceremony|
|Aquatics - Diving||2||2||2||2||8|
|Aquatics - Swimming||7||6||7||6||6||32|
|Aquatics - Water Polo||1||1|
|Billiards & Snooker||1||1||2||2||1||1||2||10|
|Cycling (Mountain Bike)||2||2||4|
|Total gold medals||1||7||31||35||34||39||41||47||48||81||8||372|
Opening and closing ceremonies
The opening and closing ceremonies of the 2009 Sea Games reflected much of the culture of the host nation Laos, showing spectacular traditional and modern dances.
Because of the limited sports facilities in Vientiane and Laos' lack of a coastline, only 28 disciplines featured in the programme, compared to 43 held in the 2007 Southeast Asian Games in Thailand. Among the Olympic sports removed from the Games were baseball, canoeing, sailing, gymnastics, hockey, rowing, fencing, triathlon, equestrian, softball and basketball.
- ¹ – non-Olympic sports
- ʰ – sports absent from previous edition and reintroduced by the host country
The following table lists the final medal tally at the end of all events:
Criticisms and legacy
Prior to the games, the Laotian organising committee was criticised for reducing the number of sports. This had been done partly because Laos has no coastline (rendering sailing, windsurfing and triathlon infeasible), and a general lack of sporting facilities in Vientiane. The inclusion of a number of Olympic sports, previously uncontested at the SEA Games, were interpreted as a bid for greater coverage of the Games in Laos. Some critics[who?] stated that Laos specifically selected games in which they had a better chance of winning gold medals. The decision to remove basketball from the programme was an unpopular one.
Many countries, including the Philippines – the defending champions for the men's division – offered to help to host the Games but Laos rejected these offers. Laos accepted funding from China, Japan, Vietnam and the ASEAN nations to construct the appropriate sports facilities. Although prior criticisms had been levelled over the reduced programme and financing of facilities, upon commencement, the Games received a largely positive reaction from the other competing nations. The Games were considered a success for Laos, one of the poorest countries in the world, and a nation which had only sent four athletes to the 2008 Olympic Games.
- Singh, Patwant (7 December 2009). SEA Games: Singapore's water polo team secures first gold medal. Channelnewsasia. Retrieved on 20 December 2009.
- 25th Southeast Asian Games Information : Mascots. 2009 Southeast Asian Games. Retrieved on 20 December 2009.
- Laos reveals the official mascot for the 25th Sea Games 2009. Laoupdate (15 December 2007). Retrieved on 20 December 2009.
- Lines, Chris (16 December 2007). 2009 SEA Games to reduce number of Olympic sports. New York Times. Retrieved on 20 December 2009.
- Results & Medal Tally. 2009 Southeast Asian Games. Retrieved on 20 December 2009.
- 25th SEA Games to feature 25 sports. VietnamNet Bridge (16 December 2007). Retrieved on 17 December 2007.
- Gray, Denis D. (16 December 2009) Laos wins rave reviews for SEA Games. Yahoo/AP. Retrieved on 20 December 2009.
Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
|Southeast Asian Games||Succeeded by
Jakarta & Palembang, Indonesia