2009 in Israel

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2009
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Israel
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See also: Other events of 2009
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Events in the year 2009 in Israel.

Incumbents[edit]

Events[edit]

Israeli–Palestinian conflict[edit]

The most prominent events related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict which occurred during 2009 include:

  • May 19 – Netanyahu meets US President Barack Obama at the White House, where they discuss the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and Israel's settlements in the West Bank. While Obama says that a two state solution is a priority, Netanyahu refuses to support the creation of a Palestinian Arab state. Netanyahu says Israel has the right to continue settlements, whereas Obama calls for settlement growth to be frozen.
  • June 14 – Ten days after President Obama's Cairo speech, Netanyahu gives a speech at Bar-Ilan University in which he endorsed, for the first time, a "Demilitarized Palestinian State", after two months of refusing to commit to anything other than a self-ruling autonomy when coming into office. The speech is widely seen as a response to Obama's speech.[16]
  • October 2 – Israel releases twenty female Palestinian Arab prisoners to the Gaza Strip and in exchange the Hamas releasing a videotape that proves that the Israeli captured soldier Gilad Shalit is still alive.[17][18]
  • October 2 – The first video of the Israeli kidnapped soldier Gilad Shalit is released to the public.
  • November 25 – Prime Minister Netanyahu announces a ten-month settlement moratorium in permits for new settlement homes in the West Bank (excluding east Jerusalem), seen as a result of pressure from the Obama administration, which urged the sides to seize the opportunity to resume talks. In his announcement, Netanyahu calls the move "a painful step that will encourage the peace process" and urges the Palestinian Arabs to respond.[19]

Notable Israeli military operations against Palestinian militancy targets

2008–2009 Israel–Gaza conflict. From top to bottom right: A Qassam rocket fired from a civilian area in Gaza towards Israel, Grad rocket fired from Gaza hits a kindergarten classroom in the southern Israeli city of Beer Sheva, An Israeli attack in the Gaza strip, Aftermath of an Israeli bombing.

The most prominent Israeli military counter-terrorism operations (military campaigns and military operations) carried out against Palestinian militants during 2009 include:

  • Operation Cast Lead
    • January 1 – Israeli airstrike on the Gaza Strip city of Jabalia kills senior Hamas military commander Nizar Rayan and six members of his family.[24]
    • January 3 – Israel launches a ground invasion of the Gaza Strip as the Gaza War enters its second week.[25]
    • January 17 – Israel announces a unilateral ceasefire in the Gaza War. It comes into effect the following day,[26] on which Hamas declares a ceasefire of its own.[27][28][29]
    • January 21— Israel completes its withdrawal from the Gaza Strip.[30] Intermittent air strikes by both sides of the preceding war continue in the weeks to follow.[31][32][33]

Notable Palestinian militant operations against Israeli targets

The most prominent Palestinian militant acts and operations committed against Israeli targets during 2009 include:

  • January 27 – Palestinian Arab militants detonate a bomb at the Kissufim crossing, killing one Israeli soldier and wounding three others.[34]
  • March 5 – A Palestinian Arab resident of east Jerusalem attacks an Israeli police car and a bus on the Menachem Begin Expressway in Jerusalem using a bulldozer, injuring two police officers before being shot to death.[35]
  • April 2 – Bat Ayin ax attack: A Palestinian Arab man armed with a pickax rampages in the Jewish settlement of Bat Ayin, killing 13-year-old Israeli boy, Shlomo Nativ, and wounding a seven-year-old boy before fleeing the area.[36] Islamic Jihad and Imad Mughniyeh claim responsibility for the attack.[37]
  • June 16 – Ten Palestinian Arab terrorists belonging to an al-Qaida-cell launch an attack at the Karni crossing using horses "laden" with explosives. Four terrorists and the horses are killed in the ensuring firefight with the IDF. No IDF soldiers are wounded.[38]

Notable deaths[edit]

Dudu Topaz's grave in the "Yarkon" cemetery.

Major public holidays[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  15. ^ Rebecca Anna Stoil . "Knesset approves highly controversial Biometric Database Law". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved September 28, 2010. 
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  28. ^ Hamas, Israel set independent cease-fires CNN, January 18, 2009
  29. ^ Hamas announces ceasefire in Gaza BBC, January 18, 2009
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External links[edit]