200 Public Square
|200 Public Square|
|Former names||Sohio Building, BP Building|
|Location||200 Public Square
Cleveland, Ohio 44114
|Roof||201 m (659 ft)|
|Floor area||1.2 million sq ft (office space)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum|
200 Public Square (also known as the Sohio Building, Standard Oil building, the BP America Building, BP America Tower, BP Tower, or the BP Building) is the third-tallest skyscraper in Cleveland, Ohio. The building, located on Public Square in Downtown Cleveland reaches 45 stories and 658 ft (201 m) and holds 1.2 million square feet (111,000 m²) of office space. The building is Cleveland's regional headquarters for Huntington Bancshares.
In November 1981, Standard Oil of Ohio (Sohio) announced plans to build a skyscraper on Public Square. Initially, it was supposed to surpass the Terminal Tower in height, but city officials insisted that the Tower remain the city's tallest building. The BP Building was designed by Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum in the postmodern style and angled to be parallel to both Euclid and Superior avenues.
Construction began in 1982 with the demolition of two Cleveland landmarks, the Burnham and Root Cuyahoga Building (1892) and the 16-story George B. Post Williamson Building (1900). The new structure was completed in 1985 and was officially opened in 1987 as the BP America Tower, when British Petroleum purchased the remaining 45% of Sohio and merged its North American holdings to form BP America, Inc., headquartered in the new building.
Claes Oldenburg's Free Stamp sculpture was commissioned by Alton Whitehouse and other Sohio executives to stand in front of the tower, but BP officials did not appreciate it, and donated the sculpture to the City of Cleveland. After some modifications, the city installed it in Willard Park, next to Cleveland City Hall.
Before the Key Tower was built, the BP Building was the second-most prominent skyscraper in the city, often photographed with the adjacent Terminal Tower as a twin emblem of Cleveland. It contains 36 elevators, 10 escalators, 3 fountains, 1 waterfall, 1,500 plants, and several works of art.
When BP purchased Chicago-based Amoco in 1998, the company said it would move its headquarters from Cleveland to Chicago. The building was purchased by the Chicago-based Equity Office Properties Trust in 1996 for $144 million, which in turn sold it to Harbor Group International in June 2005 for $141.25 million. Harbor Group worked with Electra Real Estate (TASE: ELTR) to purchase the building. The building was subsequently renamed 200 Public Square. Most Clevelanders and the Harbor Group still recognize it as the BP Tower, although many still refer to it as the Sohio Building.
In June 2011, Huntington Bank placed its corporate logo at the top of the building. The bank moved its regional headquarters to the tower from the Huntington Bank Building that September. Harbor Group International put the building up for sale in June 2011.
- Bullard, Stan (November 17, 2008). "Huntington moving to 200 Public Square". Crain's Cleveland Business. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
- Livingston, Tom (August 2, 2010). "Remembering the Public Square implosion". WEWS-TV. Retrieved October 16, 2011.
- The Harbor Group: 200 Public Square. Accessed 27 August 2006.
- Perkins, Olivera (June 3, 2011). "New sign on Public Square: Huntington Bank regional headquarters". The Plain Dealer (Cleveland, Ohio). Retrieved October 16, 2011.
- Jarboe McFee, Michelle (June 22, 2011). "200 Public Square skyscraper for sale in downtown Cleveland". The Plain Dealer (Cleveland, Ohio). Retrieved October 16, 2011.
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