2010 Australian federal budget

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2010 (2010) Australian federal budget
2009
2011
Australian Coat of Arms.png
Submitted 11 May 2010
Submitted to Parliament of Australia
Parliament 42nd
Party Australian Labor Party
Treasurer Wayne Swan
Total revenue A$321.8 billion
Total expenditures A$354.6 billion
Deficit A$40.8 billion
Debt A$$93.7 billion
Website http://www.budget.gov.au/2010-11/ 2010–11 Commonwealth Budget
Numbers in italics are projections.

The 2010 to 2011 Australian federal budget was released on 11 May 2010 by the Treasurer of Australia, Wayne Swan. Prime Minister Kevin Rudd described the budget as "no-frills, financially, fiscally responsible".[1]

The budget forecast a return to surplus in 2012/13. Projections were based on a successful passing of the Resource Super Profits tax based on a 40% of mining company profits.[2]

The budget featured changes to regulation regarding savings from 1 July 2011. Tax will only have to be paid on half of the total interest earned so as to encourage people to save.[2] There were changes to the way millions of Australians do their tax returns by decreasing their reliance on tax agents.[2] Sport in Australia is set to receive a funding boost described as the largest in Australian history. The budget was the first ever to be released under a Creative Commons license.[3]

Forecasts[edit]

Deficit[edit]

The deficit for the 2010-2011 financial year was expected to be A$40.8 billion or 2.9% of gross domestic product.[4]

Revenue mix[edit]

The total revenue is expected to be $321.8 billion.[5]

Taxation[edit]

The Resource Super Profits tax (RSPT) was expected to generate $3 billion in revenue in 2011/12.[4] However Julia Gillard replaced the RSPT with the Minerals Resource Rent Tax (MRRT). The new tax was expected to generate $10.5 billion in revenue during its first two years of operation beginning in 2012.[6] By increasing the taxation on mining super profits the company taxation rate can be dropped to 29% in 2013-14 and 28% in 2014-15.

Those able to save will receive a 50% tax discount on the first $1,000 of interest earned on their deposits.[7]

Expenditure mix[edit]

The forecast total expenditure is $354.6 billion.[5]

General government[edit]

More than $1 billion is planned to be spent on securing Australian borders.[8] $120 million will be spent on improving the Christmas Island Immigration Reception and Processing Centre. Airport security is receiving $759 million over four years and to combat illegal fishing $163 million will be spent over the same period.[8]

After recommendation which were made in the Ahead of the Game report the budget allocated funds for improving service delivery. More than $1 billion is to be spent on public-sector technology projects, particularly on applications development and simplification of interacting with clients using the internet.[9] Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre is to receive extra funding so it can target of serious and organised crime, tax evasion and fraud.[10]

Social security and welfare[edit]

Compulsory superannuation rates are to increase from 9% to 12%.[11]

Infrastructure, transport and energy[edit]

$652 million was allocated to the Renewable Energy Future Fund which will develop solar, wind, geothermal and clean coal technologies.[12][13] According to the Clean Energy Council the purpose of the fund is to "leverage private venture capital by encouraging partnerships between the Government and the private sector in the commercialisation of new renewable technologies and to encourage energy efficiency measures".[14]

As part of the national road-building program New South Wales received the largest share at $717 million, then Queensland with $539 million and $260 million in Victoria.[15]

Education[edit]

Funding for an extra 70,000 vocational education places has been provided for in the budget.[16]

Defence[edit]

Defence spending was boosted $4.3 billion.[11] $9.7 million is to spent on combating domestic terrorist threats.[17] Money was allocated for the establishment of the Counter Terrorism Control Centre and on an improved and more secure passport issuing system.[10]

Health[edit]

$2.2 billion in new funding was allocated to the National Health and Hospitals Network after agreement was reached with the states.[2] $355 million was to be provided for the establishment of GP Super Clinics.[12] An increase of 25% on the tax for cigarettes is expected to raise $5 billion over five years to help fund primary health care expenses.[7] Payments will be made eligible so that every doctor's practice in the country may employ a nurse. These rebates were previously only available in rural area and were capped at $40,000.[18]

Aged care received a boost of $132 million. Some of the money will be spent on investigating a national licensing and regulation system for personal care workers and $90 million was allocated to upgrading the qualifications of aged care nurses and personal care workers.[19]

$467 million has been set aside for the provision of electronic health records to those who want it.[16] Changes to the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme will see $2.5 billion being saved over five years from the beginning of the 2010/11 financial year.[16]

Community services and culture[edit]

Elite sports in Australia have been allocated $237 million over four years and $71 million is planned to support community sports.[7]

Opposition and crossbench response[edit]

Opposition Leader Tony Abbott focused his attack on the mining industry tax, indicating he would rescind the tax if he could.[20] Opposition treasury spokesman Joe Hockey claimed the budget was "based on false assumptions".[21] Hockey suggested the budget was too reliant on a "great big new tax" and lacked any serious reform.[15]

Reception[edit]

The election year budget was described as an exercise in restraint that contained few surprises. The budget was faulted because it relies on strong terms of trade, demand from Asia, in particular China and a global recovery.[4] It was praised by health and financial services sectors.[21] The Australian Medical Association welcomed the extra funding for health.[15] Catholic Health Australia reacted positively to the measures aimed at training and retaining medical and aged care staff.[22]

The Business Council of Australia was disappointed the MRRT would be used to return to surplus.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ James Grubel (11 May 2010). "Australia PM says pre-poll budget no "spendathon"". Reuters (Thomson Reuters). Retrieved 15 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d Chelsea Mes (11 May 2010). "Federal Budget 2010: What's in it for you". The Australian (News Limited). Retrieved 15 January 2012. 
  3. ^ Trevor Clarke (12 May 2010). "Budget 2010: Creatively common budget should have used Twitter". Computerworld (IDG Communications). Retrieved 25 September 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c "Budget 'highlights fiscal strength'". BusinessDay (Fairfax Media). 11 May 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Australian Government budget aggregates". Australian Governmen. Retrieved 15 January 2012. 
  6. ^ Joe Kelly (5 July 2010). "Henry defends 'integrity' of super-profits tax, admits disappointment it was dumped". The Australia (News Limited). Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c "Winners and losers in the 2010 Federal Budget". Herald Sun (News Limited). 11 May 2010. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Cost of Christmas Island blows out to almost $1b". Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). 11 May 2010. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  9. ^ Fran Foo (18 May 2010). "Federal budget allocates $1bn to improve e-government services". The Australian (News Limited). Retrieved 25 September 2012. 
  10. ^ a b "Govt to spend $9.7m fighting extremism". ninemsn. 11 May 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2012. 
  11. ^ a b "Swan's no frills budget fails to thrill". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 12 May 2010. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  12. ^ a b "Key Initiatives Of The 2010‑11 Budget". Australian Government. Retrieved 15 January 2012. 
  13. ^ Arlie Douglas (12 May 2010). "Budget 2010". ABC Rural (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 15 January 2012. 
  14. ^ "Australia's Budget - Renewable Energy Future Fund Announced". Energy Matters. 11 May 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c d Felicity Williams (12 May 2010). "Joe Hockey slams Federal Budget 2010 as ‘reckless spending spree'". Herald Sun (News Limited). Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  16. ^ a b c "Federal Budget 2010-11: quick guide". Daily Telegraph (News Limited). 11 May 2010. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  17. ^ Ben Atherton (11 May 2010). "$4.3b to bolster national security". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 25 September 2012. 
  18. ^ Sue Dunlevy (10 May 2010). "Doctors and nurses lead revolution in Federal Budget". The Daily Telegraph (News Limited). Retrieved 25 September 2012. 
  19. ^ "Federal Budget 2010: a good start for aged care nurses, carers and residents". Australian Nursing Federation (Victorian Branch). 1 June 2010. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  20. ^ "Australian Opposition responses to the latest budget". People's Daily Online. 14 May 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2012. 
  21. ^ a b "Federal budget a 'house of cards'". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 12 May 2010. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  22. ^ "Federal Budget a boon to sustainable aged care". Catholic Health Australia. Retrieved 25 September 2012. 

External links[edit]