2010 Elazığ earthquake

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2010 Elazığ earthquake
2010 Elazığ earthquake is located in Turkey
2010 Elazığ earthquake
Date 8 March 2010 (2010-03-08)
Magnitude 6.1 Mw[1]
Depth 5.0 kilometres (3.1 mi)[2][3]
Epicenter 38°48′25″N 40°06′00″E / 38.807°N 40.100°E / 38.807; 40.100Coordinates: 38°48′25″N 40°06′00″E / 38.807°N 40.100°E / 38.807; 40.100[2]
Areas affected Turkey
Casualties 42[4]

The 2010 Elazığ earthquake was a 6.1 Mw earthquake that occurred on 8 March 2010 at 02:32 UTC (04:32 local time).[2][3][1][5] The epicentre of the quake was Başyurt in Elazığ Province, in eastern Turkey. Initial reports in global media said as many as 57 people had died.[5] Reports in the Turkish media two days after the quake placed the death toll at 41. Later, the death toll rose to 42.[6][7] Another 74 were injured, many after falling and jumping from buildings during the quake.[8][9] A stampede through the streets led to further injuries.[10]

The earthquake came one week to the day after the Turkish Chamber of Civil Engineers sent a report to parliament detailing inadequate building projects and the possibility that Istanbul would be destroyed by an earthquake, which could kill tens of thousands of people, at some point in the next three decades.[11]

Geology[edit]

USGS shake map of the Elâzığ, Turkey earthquake

The quake occurred on the East Anatolian Fault, a major transform fault which represents the boundary between the Anatolian Plate and the Arabian Plate.[12]

Casualties and damage[edit]

According to officials, most of the deaths occurred in three villages: Okçular, Yukarı Kanatlı and Kayalı.[5] At least five villages, though, suffered loss of life.[13][14] Villagers fled buildings, spending the night outside and lighting fires in the streets for warmth.[13]

Thirty houses collapsed in Okçular, and the death toll is at least 17.[5] Reports from the scene indicate "the village is totally flattened" and "everything has been knocked down – there is not a stone in place".[5][14] The village is closed to traffic to allow emergency services to find their way round.[13] Families of villagers gathered at the scene to find out what had happened to their relatives.[13]

At least 25 people died in Yukarı Demirci,[13] and emergency services went to Kovancılar.[15]

Many people used vehicles and taxis to drive to the hospital.[13] Most were asleep at the time the quake struck,[13] with four sleeping sisters perishing in one house.[16][17] Farm animals were also killed,[13] and minarets fell down.[16]

Response[edit]

 Turkey: Four government ministers, including Deputy Prime Minister Cemil Çiçek, visited the scene as soon as news of the earthquake was reported.[5] The Red Crescent and Turkey's disaster management centre donated blankets and tents.[5] Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan later arrived.[14]

 Pakistan: Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani sent a condolence message to his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdoğan over the loss of lives and property caused by the massive earthquake and said that "We have learnt with utter sense of shock and profound sadness the news of the massive earthquake that has hit your beautiful country, today. Our hearts go out to our Turkish brethren over the loss of precious lives and destruction of property. I wish to convey, on behalf of the people and Government of Pakistan and on my own behalf our deepest condolences and commiserations to the people and Government of Turkey in bearing this enormous natural calamity."[18]

 Israel: Defense Minister Ehud Barak ordered an aid proposal to be put together but later said that Turkey informed Israel that it did not require assistance at this time.[19]

Aftershocks[edit]

Several aftershocks were felt immediately after the quake, the strongest measuring 5.5 (at 09:47 local time), 5.1 (at 12:14) and 5.3 (at 13:12).[5][13][20][21][22] A total of over 20 aftershocks were counted within a short time following the quake.[16] Villagers were told to stay away from buildings for several days due to the potential of further aftershocks.[13]

Onur Tan et al. (2011) analyzed 2130 aftershocks (ML≥0.3) and reported in Geophysical Research Letters.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Magnitude 6.1 - EASTERN TURKEY". USGS. 2010-03-08. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  2. ^ a b c "Başyurt-Karakocan (Elâzığ) 08.03.2010 04:32:31". Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Boğaziçi University. 2010-03-08. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 
  3. ^ a b "5.9-magnitude earthquake shakes Turkey". CNN. 7 March 2010. Archived from the original on 9 March 2010. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  4. ^ "2010, the year of natural disasters". dailyhotnews.org (dailyhotnews.org). 2010-04-22. Archived from the original on 18 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-22. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Strong earthquake hits eastern Turkey". BBC News. 2010-03-08. Archived from the original on 8 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 
  6. ^ "Elazığ depreminde ölü sayısı 10 kişi düştü". Hürriyet. 10 March 2010. Retrieved 10 March 2010. 
  7. ^ http://www.aktifhaber.com/news_detail.php?id=276877
  8. ^ "Strong quake in eastern Turkey kills 41". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 March 2010. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  9. ^ "Death toll from Turkish quake climbing". news.com.au. 8 March 2010. Archived from the original on 10 March 2010. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  10. ^ Nick Iliev (8 March 2010). "Many dead in strong Turkey earthquake". The Sofia Echo. Archived from the original on 10 March 2010. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  11. ^ "Earthquake warning for Turkey". Al Jazeera. 4 March 2010. Archived from the original on 9 March 2010. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  12. ^ Mw 6.0 Basyurt-Karakocan (Eastern Turkey) on 08/03/2010 at 02:32 UTC European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Burhan Ozbilici; Suzan Fraser (8 March 2010). "Survivors shiver in Turkey after quake kills 51". AP. Retrieved 9 March 2010 – via Houston Chronicle. [dead link]
  14. ^ a b c Sebnem Arsu (8 March 2010). "Quake Kills Dozens in Eastern Turkey". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  15. ^ "11 killed, over 20 injured in earthquake in Turkey". Xinhua News Agency. 8 March 2010. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  16. ^ a b c Andy Jack (8 March 2010). "Deadly Earthquake Hits Eastern Turkey". Sky News. Archived from the original on 14 April 2010. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  17. ^ "Earthquake rocks eastern Turkey". Al Jazeera. 8 March 2010. Archived from the original on 8 March 2010. Retrieved 8 March 2010. 
  18. ^ "PM sympathizes with Turkish counterpart on massive earthquake". Associated Press of Pakistan. 9 March 2010. Retrieved 9 March 2010. 
  19. ^ Turkey rejects Israel's offer of post-quake aid
  20. ^ "Başyurt-Karakocan (Elâzığ) 08.03.2010 09:47:38". Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Boğaziçi University. 2010-03-08. Archived from the original on 23 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 
  21. ^ "Başyurt-Karakocan (Elâzığ) 08.03.2010 12:14:23". Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Boğaziçi University. 2010-03-08. Archived from the original on 23 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-09. 
  22. ^ "Gökdere-Palu (Elâzığ) 08.03.2010 13:12:10". Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Boğaziçi University. 2010-03-08. Archived from the original on 23 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-09.