2010 Moscow Victory Day Parade

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Emblem of the 65th anniversary Victory Day Parade.
Full version of the 2010 Moscow Victory Day Parade.

The Moscow Victory Day Parade of 2010 was held on 9 May 2010 to commemorate the 65th anniversary of the capitulation of Nazi Germany in 1945. The parade marks the Soviet Union's victory in the Great Patriotic War.

It was the largest parade held in Moscow, Russia since the Soviet Union's dissolution in 1991, and saw 11,135 troops, 127 aircraft and helicopters, and the new Topol-M mobile intercontinental ballistic missile taking part. For the first time, the 2010 parade also included military units from foreign countries who were allied with the Soviet Union during World War II, with representation from France, Poland, the United Kingdom, the United States and members of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Military components[edit]

The 9 May Victory Day Parade in Moscow involved more than 10,000 troops marching, 160 military vehicles and 127 military aircraft, making it the largest parade to be held since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.[1]

Twenty aviation groups of the Russian Air Force took part in the parade, which saw the Ilyushin Il-76, Ilyushin Il-78, Antonov An-124, Sukhoi Su-27, Ilyushin Il-80, Beriev A-50, Tupolev Tu-22M, Sukhoi Su-25, Mikoyan MiG-29, Mikoyan MiG-31, Tupolev Tu-95 and Tupolev Tu-160 performing flypasts. Also taking part for the first time were the Yakovlev Yak-130 jet trainer aircraft and the Mil Mi-26 heavy helicopter.[2] The mobile ICBM Topol-M missile, that first appeared at the 2009 parade, was shown here again for the second consecutive year .[3]

Foreign military[edit]

Foreign troops march on Red Square as part of Victory Day celebrations for the first time.

The 2010 Parade marked the first time that foreign and Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) soldiers joined Russian forces on Red Square for the parade.[1][4] Battalions from the CIS included Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan and Ukraine among them. Upon request from the government of Turkmenistan, the contingent from Turkmenistan was led by an officer riding on horseback, with the horse being flown into Moscow from Ashgabat.[5] Poland was represented by the Representative Battalion of the Polish Armed Forces.[5] The United Kingdom was represented by a detachment of 76 soldiers from Number 2 Company, 1st Battalion, Welsh Guards, the Central Band of the Royal Air Force and the Band of the Royal Air Force Regiment.[1] The United States was represented by the 2nd Battalion of the 18th Infantry Regiment and the Naval Forces Europe Band. France was represented by pilots and aircraft from the Normandie-Niemen Air Regiment. Russian President Dmitry Medvedev called the inclusion of foreign troops in the parade recognition of their "common victory" in World War II.[6]

The inclusion of foreign troops in the parade was not without controversy. The Communist Party of the Russian Federation held a May Day rally in Moscow, at which several thousand protesters used the rally to decry the inclusion of troops from NATO countries in the parade.[7] A poll run by the Levada Center saw 20 percent of respondents disapproving of the presence of foreign troops, with 8 percent being strongly opposed.[6]

International dignitaries[edit]

World leaders present at the 2010 Victory Day Parade

Mihai Ghimpu, the Acting President of Moldova, stated in late April 2010, after previously accepting an invitation from Russian President Dmitry Medvedev to attend the celebrations, that he would not be attending, claiming "I have no ties with Moscow. Only the victorious are going, what will the defeated do there?" Concerns also arose that a Moldovan contingent would not be able to attend the parade because of financial difficulties in the country, but a Moldovan government source told Kommersant that this was only an excuse, and Ghimpu was choosing to improve Moldova's relations with Romania, which was not invited to attend the celebrations as it was an ally of Germany during World War II.[8] Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov responded to remarks by Ghimpu, which also included the opinion that Russia should pay Moldova compensation for what he claimed was a "Soviet occupation", by urging Moldovan authorities not to use the occasion for political speculation.[9] King Michael of Romania, one of the last heads of state alive from World War II, was invited by Russian president Medvedev to attend the ceremony.[10]

German Chancellor Angela Merkel confirmed her attendance on 30 April,[11] as did Acting President of Poland Bronisław Komorowski.[12] Komorowski's attendance is said to be part of an effort to bolster Poland–Russia relations, which improved after the death of Polish President Lech Kaczyński in a plane crash near Smolensk in early April 2010.[12] Kaczyński is said to have confirmed his attendance at the parade shortly prior to the crash in which he was killed,[12] with reports in the week prior to his death showing that he was questioning his attendance.[13]

Chinese President Hu Jintao confirmed his attendance at the parade on 3 May.[14] The following day Slovak President Ivan Gašparovič's attendance was confirmed.[15] Other world leaders who confirmed their attendance included Czech President Václav Klaus,[16] French President Nicolas Sarkozy,[16] Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi,[16] Serbian President Boris Tadić,[17] Bulgarian President Georgi Parvanov,[18] and Vietnamese President Nguyễn Minh Triết,[19] Leaders from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Estonia, Greece, Israel, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Mongolia and Slovenia also confirmed their attendance.[8][17] On 8 May Sarkozy and Berlusconi announced that they wouldn't be attending the parade in Moscow, so that they could tackle the European sovereign debt crisis.[20][21]

Both the United Kingdom and the United States had planned to send high-profile representatives. Gordon Brown, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was invited to Russia, but because of the UK general election he was unable to attend; the Foreign and Commonwealth Office suggested Charles, Prince of Wales, instead. Barack Obama, the President of the United States, was also unable to attend, but offered Vice President Joe Biden as the US representative; Biden was in Brussels as part of US efforts to improve relations with the European Union.[22][23] According to The Guardian, both figures were rejected by Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, however, in what both countries perceived as a diplomatic snub. This was put down to poor British relations with Russia over the UK's continuing refusal to extradite Boris Berezovsky over Russian charges of embezzlement, and because of Biden's close relations with Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili, who is widely unpopular in Russia because of the 2008 Russia–Georgia War. The UK and US were instead represented by their ambassadors to Russia, Dame Anne Pringle and John Beyrle respectively.[23]

The list of heads of foreign states, governments and international organisations that attended the parade were:[24]

Country Dignitary Position Photo Country Dignitary Position Photo
 Abkhazia Sergei Bagapsh President -  Macedonia Gjorge Ivanov President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-6.jpeg
 Armenia Serzh Sargsyan President -  Mongolia Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-4.jpeg
 Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-14.jpeg  Montenegro Filip Vujanović President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-12.jpeg
 Bulgaria Georgi Parvanov President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-15.jpeg  Poland Bronisław Komorowski Acting President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-2.jpeg
 China Hu Jintao President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-18.jpeg  Serbia Boris Tadić President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-11.jpeg
 Croatia Ivo Josipović President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-5.jpeg  Slovakia Ivan Gašparovič President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-13.jpeg
 Czech Republic Vaclav Klaus President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-20.jpeg  Slovenia Danilo Türk President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-7.jpeg
 Estonia Toomas Hendrik Ilves President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-9.jpeg  South Ossetia Eduard Kokoity President -
 Germany Angela Merkel Chancellor Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-3.jpeg  Tajikistan Emomalii Rahmon President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-16.jpeg
 Israel Shimon Peres President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-8.jpeg  Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-19.jpeg
 Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-17.jpeg  Vietnam Nguyễn Minh Triết President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-10.jpeg
 Latvia Valdis Zatlers President Dmitry Medvedev greetings 9 May 2010-21.jpeg - - - -

The parade[edit]

Speech of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev at the Victory Day Parade on 9 May 2010 (transcript in English)

At 10:00am (MSK), the clock of Spasskaya Tower in the Moscow Kremlin rang and signalled the beginning of the parade commemorating the defeat of Nazi Germany by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in the Great Patriotic War. The event then began with the display of the flag of Russia and the Victory Banner. After this, commander of the Moscow Military District Colonel General Valery Gerasimov, who commanded the parade, and Anatoly Serdyukov, the Russian Minister of Defence, who inspected the parade, joined and inspected the troops. At 10:14am, Serdyukov reported to Supreme Commander-in-Chief, and Russian President, Dmitry Medvedev on the readiness of the troops.[25]

After this President Medvedev made a speech in which he stated, "Sixty-five years ago Nazism was vanquished. The machine that was wiping out whole nations was stopped. Peace returned to our country and to Europe as a whole. An end was put to the ideology that was destroying the fundamentals of civilisation." Medvedev also emphasised the role the Soviet Union played in the war, bearing the brunt of Nazi attacks, in which some three-quarters of their military forces participated.[25][26]

After his speech and the playing of the National Anthem of the Russian Federation, a parade of troops took place on Red Square, led by the Drummers' Company of the Moscow Military Conservatoire, Military University of the MDRF. Some 10,500 thousand troops marched, and approximately 1,000 troops from the Commonwealth of Independent States, Poland, the United Kingdom, France and the United States also marched. This was followed by a procession of 161 pieces of military hardware through Red Square, and 127 aircraft and helicopters making a flypast over the Kremlin to form the number "65".[25]

The historical part of the parade began with the entry onto Red Square of infantry, air force and navy representatives in uniforms resplendent of the Great Patriotic War. Behind them troops from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan and Ukraine marched. Each of these nations of the Commonwealth of Independent States were represented by some 70 troops. Following the participants from the CIS, was a guard of honour from the Polish Army, and they were followed by 71 members of the British Army, 76 members of the United States military, and 68 members of the French military. At the rear of the foreign segment of the parade were 68 troops from Turkmenistan, led by a commander riding on horseback, of which the horse has blood-lines to the horse lent to Marshal Georgy Zhukov by Stalin for the original parade.[25] It was followed by the Presidential Regiment Cavalry Escort Squadron, wearing GPW uniforms of the Soviet Cavalry forces.

Parade Participants[edit]

Note: Those indicated in bold indicate first parade appearance, those indicated with italic indicate double or multiple parade appearances.

  • Colonel General Valery Gerasimov, Commander of the Moscow Military District (parade commander)
  • Defense Minister of the Russian Federation Anatoliy Serdyukov (parade inspector)

Military Bands in Attendance[edit]

Ground Column[edit]

Mobile Column[edit]

Air Column Flypast[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Osborn, Andrew (28 April 2010). "Russia prepares spectacular Red Square parade". Moscow: The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 1 May 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  2. ^ "Russia's Air Force rehearses for Victory Day parade over Moscow". Moscow: RIA Novosti. 4 May 2010. Archived from the original on 6 May 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  3. ^ "Topol M missiles to be shown at Victory Day parade on Moscow's Red Square". Moscow: RIA Novosti. 26 February 2010. Archived from the original on 5 May 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2010. 
  4. ^ "Another rehearsal for Victory Parade in Red Square". Voice of Russia. 3 May 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  5. ^ a b "Victory parade – a move to the future". Voice of Russia. 28 April 2010. Archived from the original on 29 April 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  6. ^ a b "Western troops join Russia's Victory Day parade". Moscow: CNN. 9 May 2010. Archived from the original on 9 May 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2010. 
  7. ^ "Russian Communists use May Day to protest NATO role in WWII parade". Moscow: RIA Novosti. 1 May 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  8. ^ a b "Acting Moldovan president says will not attend Moscow Victory Day celebrations — paper". Moscow: RIA Novosti. 26 April 2010. Archived from the original on 29 April 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  9. ^ "Moscow irate over Moldovan president's WWII remarks". Strasbourg: RIA Novosti. 28 April 2010. Archived from the original on 2 May 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  10. ^ http://www.familiaregala.ro/news/1537/53/Regele-Mihai-la-Moscova/
  11. ^ "Germany's Merkel to attend V-Day celebrations in Moscow". Berlin: RIA Novosti. 30 April 2010. Archived from the original on 4 May 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  12. ^ a b c "Top Polish politician heads to Moscow parade to cement ties". Moscow: RIA Novosti. 30 April 2010. Archived from the original on 1 May 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  13. ^ "Kaczynski questions his participation in Moscow Victory Day". Warsaw: RIA Novosti. 1 April 2010. Archived from the original on 4 April 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  14. ^ "China's Hu to visit Moscow for Victory Day celebrations". Beijing: RIA Novosti. 3 May 2010. Archived from the original on 6 May 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  15. ^ "Slovak president to visit Moscow for May 9". Voice of Russia. 4 May 2010. Archived from the original on 5 May 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  16. ^ a b c "Press review". Voice of Russia. 4 May 2010. Archived from the original on 5 May 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  17. ^ a b "Tadić expected to attend Moscow parade". Moscow: Tanjug. 28 April 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  18. ^ "Световните лидери се събират в Москва за 9 май". Sofia: BNT. 9 May 2010. Archived from the original on 10 May 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2010. 
  19. ^ "Chủ tịch nước Nguyễn Minh Triết sẽ thăm một số nước" (in Vietnamese). Voice of Vietnam. 4 May 2010. Archived from the original on 7 May 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  20. ^ "Sarkozy cancels trip to Russia". Xinhua News Agency. 9 May 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2010. 
  21. ^ Kenna, Armorel; Maedler, Claudia; Nambiar, Shanthy (9 May 2010). "Berlusconi Cancels Trip to Moscow to Deal With European Crisis". Businessweek. Retrieved 9 May 2010. 
  22. ^ "Biden addresses European Parliament". United Press International. 7 May 2010. Archived from the original on 9 May 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2010. 
  23. ^ a b Luke Harding (7 May 2010). "Vladimir Putin snubs Britain and US over VE Day celebrations". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 10 May 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2010. 
  24. ^ "Foreign heads of state, governments and international organisations participating in the celebration of the 65th Anniversary of the Victory". Presidential Press and Information Office. 9 May 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2010. [dead link]
  25. ^ a b c d "В Москве прошел парад Победы" (in Russian). Moscow: Interfax. 9 May 2010. Archived from the original on 10 May 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2010. 
  26. ^ Medvedev, Dmitry (9 May 2010). "Speech at the Military Parade to Commemorate the 65th Anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War, 1941-1945". Red Square, Moscow: President of Russia. Retrieved 9 May 2010. [dead link]

External links[edit]

Photos and videos[edit]