2010 Stockholm bombings

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2010 Stockholm bombings
Police at Drottninggatan after bombing 2010-12-11, 17.52.jpg
Police closed off Drottninggatan after the bombing at the corner with Bryggargatan (the lane to the left).
Location Drottninggatan, Stockholm, Sweden
Coordinates 59°20′8.5″N 18°3′35.2″E / 59.335694°N 18.059778°E / 59.335694; 18.059778Coordinates: 59°20′8.5″N 18°3′35.2″E / 59.335694°N 18.059778°E / 59.335694; 18.059778 (car bomb)
59°20′0.9″N 18°3′41.1″E / 59.333583°N 18.061417°E / 59.333583; 18.061417 (suicide bomb)
Date 11 December 2010
16:48 (UTC+1)
Target Unknown
Attack type
Suicide attack
Weapons Pipe bomb
Deaths 1 (the attacker)
Non-fatal injuries
2
Suspected perpetrator
Taimour Abdulwahab al-Abdaly[1][2]

The 2010 Stockholm bombings occurred on 11 December 2010 when two bombs exploded in central Stockholm, Sweden, killing the bomber and injuring two people.[3][4][5][6][7] Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs Carl Bildt and the Swedish Security Service (SÄPO) described the bombings as acts of terrorism.[5][8]

Taimour Abdulwahab al-Abdaly, an Iraqi-born Swedish citizen, is suspected of carrying out the bombing.[2][9] The Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation described the event as the first suicide attack linked to Islamic terrorism in the Nordic countries.[10]

On 8 March 2011 Strathclyde Police in Scotland arrested Nazzedine Menni, a 30-year old man, in the Whiteinch area of Glasgow in connection with the Stockholm bombing. He was arrested under the Terrorism Act 2000, for "aiding terrorist activity" outside Scotland, and held at Helen Street police station, the most secure police station in the country.

Bombings[edit]

The first explosion occurred at 16:48 CET, when an Audi 80 Avant automobile exploded at the intersection of Olof Palmes Gata and Drottninggatan.[3] According to the fire services the car contained bottles with liquefied petroleum gas which resulted in several more explosions.[3] Two people at the site of the car explosion were taken to the hospital with minor injuries.[5]

The second bombing occurred at about 17:00 CET, at the intersection of Bryggargatan and Drottninggatan.[3] A man’s body, with blast injuries to his abdomen, was discovered nearby.[3] According to a police spokesman the man had blown himself up.[3] According to Aftonbladet, the man carried six pipe bombs but only one of them triggered, killing him.[4] Close to the man a metal pipe and a rucksack filled with metal fasteners and an unknown substance suspected to be an explosive were found.[11] Witnesses claim the bomber was "shouting something in Arabic" before detonating the bomb which killed him.[12]

CCTV footage of the second explosion was published on the next day by Aftonbladet.[13]

At the time of the explosions, central Stockholm was filled with Christmas shoppers and thousands of people were nearby.[3] Foreign Minister Bildt expressed his concern that had the attack been successful, the consequences could have been "truly catastrophic."[5]

The bombing follows a November increase in the terror alert level in Sweden from low to elevated because of a "shift in activities among Swedish-based groups" that could be plotting attacks.[6]

Email threat[edit]

About ten minutes before the explosions, a threatening email was sent to the Swedish Security Service and the Swedish news agency Tidningarnas Telegrambyrå (TT).[3] The letter referred in particular to the presence of Swedish troops in Afghanistan and the Swedish artist Lars Vilks' drawings of the Islamic prophet Muhammad as a roundabout dog.[5] The letter furthermore said: "Now your children, daughters and sisters will die in the same way our brothers and sisters die. Our actions will speak for themselves. As long as you don't end your war against Islam and degradation against the prophet and your foolish support for the pig [Lars] Vilks." The message ended with a call to "all Mujahedin in Europe and Sweden. Now is the time to strike, wait no longer. Go forward with whatever you have, even if it is a knife, and I know you have more than a knife. Fear no one, don't fear prison, don't fear death." Included were also sound files spoken in Swedish and Arabic.[3]

Investigation[edit]

Map of the area where the explosions happened

A PMR radio with wires attached was found near the body,[14] suggesting that the bomb was supposed to be triggered remotely.[15] The state prosecutor said the action was well organised and that authorities presumed the man had help with preparations. The man was wearing a bomb belt and also carried a big bomb and held a metal object in his hands which most closely could be described as a pressure cooker.[16] The prosecutor also said that it is believed that the bomb exploded prematurely and speculated the suspect was on his way to the Stockholm central station or Åhlens, a large department store nearby.

The media reported that a woman "close to" the suspect was detained in a 4:00 raid of a Hässelby flat by the National Task Force.[17]

A search warrant was issued for a property in Bedfordshire the next day under the UK Terrorism Act 2000.[18]

On 13 December, SÄPO announced that seven explosives experts from the FBI will assist the investigation.[19] Security services told TV4 that the suicide bomber's car contained a second pressure cooker bomb.[20] Witnesses have come forward saying that the man tried to buy aluminium powder in his parents' home town of Tranås, four days before the bombing.[21]

Tidningarnas Telegrambyrå reported that a member of the Swedish Armed Forces warned an acquaintance to keep away from Drottninggatan several hours ahead of the bombings.[22] The message read, "If you can, avoid Drottninggatan today. A lot can happen there...just so you know."[23] The Swedish Armed Forces denied having any prior knowledge of the attack but promised to investigate the matter further.[24] The Security Service launched an independent investigation.[25] Later, the newspaper Expressen reported that several sources with insight in the investigation claimed a second government employee had information about the bombing ahead of time.[26]

Swedish terrorism expert Magnus Ranstorp from the Swedish National Defence College said he believed the perpetrator wasn't working alone.[27] A coughing sound heard on the audio message left by the perpetrator increased suspicions that the bomber had other accomplices.[28]

Investigations showed that the terrorist used at least three different passports to avoid raising any red flags when traveling to the middle east.[29] Suspicions that Taimour Abdulwahab had an accomplice was strengthened in January 2011, when media reported that uncensored recordings of the terrorist's audio message was published on YouTube the day after he died.[30] Shortly afterwards, Swedish TV4 reported that Abdulwahab's wife Mona Thwany uploaded the recordings to their YouTube account, "mona123timo".[31]

Suspect[edit]

Scene of the second explosion the day after the attack (from Drottninggatan)

The primary suspect is Taimour Abdulwahab al-Abdaly (12 December 1981–11 December 2010).[1][9] Based on information from the suspect's profile on Facebook and the muslima.com dating site, where he was looking for a second wife, he was a 28-year-old Iraqi Swede, born in Baghdad, who grew up in Tranås and who was naturalized as a Swedish citizen in 1992.[32]

After graduating from secondary school in Sweden in 2001, he studied at the University of Bedfordshire in the UK, graduating with a degree in sports therapy in 2004.[33][34] The same year he married a Swedish citizen, with whom he had two daughters, born in 2007 and 2009, and a son born in 2010. He named his son Osama in honour of al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden.[35] At the time of the bombings, he was living in Luton, Bedfordshire, with his wife, who also holds fundamentalist Islamic views. He travelled back to Sweden on 19 November to visit his relatives in Tranås.[36]

During his stay in Britain he resided in Luton for almost a decade.[6] Reports indicated he had steadily become more religious as well as angry over the later 2000s. During Ramadan in 2007, he tried to recruit other Muslims who shared his political views at the Luton mosque when he was given a chance to preach, but stormed out of the mosque when confronted over his beliefs,[6] and was eventually kept away from the mosque.[37] His Facebook profile was reported as containing a mixture of technophile and Islamic fundamentalist attitudes, combining statements like "I love my Apple iPad" with references to "the Islamic Caliphate state" or Yawm al-Qiyamah.[9][38] He posted videos on the internet of Chechen fighters and of abused Iraqi prisoners.[39]

Reactions[edit]

Sweden Domestic[edit]

Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt held a press conference on 12 December 2010 where he gave the following comment: "Saturday´s events in central Stockholm lead many people to ask whether Sweden has become less safe. What occurred is unwanted and unacceptable. We must safeguard the open society where people can live together side by side."[40] Minister for Foreign Affairs Carl Bildt posted a message on Twitter on 11 December 2010 that read: "Most worrying attempt at terrorist attack in crowded part of central Stockholm. Failed — but could have been truly catastrophic."[5] Swedish Security Service spokesman Mikael Gunnarsson said the agency had not taken any decision to increase the terror threat level after the bombings "and apart from the e-mail we didn't have any other indications or threats that this would happen."[5]

Hassan Moussa, the imam of Stockholm's grand mosque, condemned: "all forms of attacks, violence, fears and threats against innocent people, whatever the motive or pretext" in a statement sent to Swedish news agency TT.[41] On 14 December, he issued a fatwa against the suicide bomber saying: "It's forbidden to approve what has happened or try to justify it. Those who accept it or justify it are as guilty as the perpetrator himself."[42]

Omar Mustafa, chairman of the Muslim Council of Sweden said in an interview that "This is an attack on Sweden and on all Muslims in Sweden."[43] Together with Ben Mahmoud Rahmeh, the imam and chairman of the Federation of Islamic Organizations in Europe, the Islamic Federation in Sweden also issued a press release condemning such attacks: "Attacks like this have been carried out earlier in both Muslim and non-Muslim communities (such as in Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Pakistan, Spain and the UK) and then the Muslim scholars and theologians' position has been unanimously against such attacks. Also, important Islamic institutions and Muslim inter-governmental organisations, such as Al-Azhar University, the European Council for Fatwa, Organisation of the Islamic Conference, have all been united in that all terrorist attacks against civilians and innocent people is strictly prohibited and that it is not permissible to oppress, harm or intimidate others."[44][45] After this press released was issued, the attack was condemned during Friday prayer in Stockholm's grand mosque.[46]

International[edit]

  • Australia Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs Kevin Rudd issued a statement reading: "I express grave concern at the apparent terrorist attack in a central Stockholm yesterday evening (local time). The attack was timed to cause maximum casualties in a high density shopping precinct. [...] I express Australia's solidarity with Sweden in denouncing this outrage, and our commitment to ongoing efforts to counter terrorism."[47]
  • Denmark Danish Minister of Foreign Affairs Lene Espersen issued a statement reading: "The bombings in the heart of the Swedish capital yesterday fortunately didn't claim any innocent human lives. But the bombs show that there unfortunately are forces in our proximity that try to undermine our Western way of life and values through bombs and violence. They'll never succeed at that. Terrorism shall be combatted, irrespectively of where it occurs and in what form. I've today been in contact with my Swedish colleague, Carl Bildt, and assured him that Denmark in the fight against terrorism stands closely with our brotherland."[48]
  • Finland Finnish Minister for Foreign Affairs Alexander Stubb expressed his concern over the bombings and pointed out that nothing similar had ever happened in the Nordic countries before. He also expressed his support to the efforts of the Swedish government.[49]
  • Germany German Federal Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle issued a press release reading: "I condemn yesterday’s suicide attack in Stockholm, in the heart of a European capital. Attacks such as this one remind us that we must remain fully committed to the fight against terrorism."[50]
  • Iraq Iraq's Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement that read: " The Capital of the Sweden Kingdom ,Stockholm, was subject to a cowardly terrorist act causing the fall of civilian victims, and stimulated horror in the peaceful country, especially as it prepares itself to celebrate Christmas and the New Year. Recalling the terrorist acts that have plagued Iraq , the Iraqi Foreign Ministry deplores and strongly condemns this criminal act of terrorism and declares its solidarity with the Government and the friendly people of Sweden in confronting terrorism, and prays the Almighty to safeguard its people from the badness of extremists and terrorists."[51]
  • Pakistan Pakistan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement reading: "Pakistan strongly condemns the two terrorist explosions in central Stockholm on 12 December 2010 and condoles with the bereaved families. Terrorism is a global menace and can be addressed effectively only through genuine and sustained international cooperation and understanding."[52]
  • Saudi Arabia A spokesman for the Saudi Arabian government strongly condemned the attack in a statement carried by the Saudi Press Agency.[53]
  • Turkey Turkey's Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement reading: "It is with sadness that we condemn the hateful terrorist attack that occurred in Stockholm. [...] Turkey, which has always underlined the importance of international cooperation in the fight against terrorism ... wants to express its solidarity with its friends, the Swedish people and government, in these difficult days."[54]
  • United States The embassy of the United States in Stockholm issued a statement reading: "The United States strongly condemns the suspected terrorist attack that occurred in Stockholm yesterday. The American people stand together with our Swedish friends at this difficult time."[55][56]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b Gardham, Duncan; Oscarsson, Marcus and Hutchison, Peter (12 December 2010). "Sweden suicide bomber: Taimur Abdulwahab al-Abdaly was living in Britain". The Daily Telegraph (London). Archived from the original on 21 January 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Hanson, Matilda E.; Håkansson, Catarina (11 December 2010). "Man sprängde sig själv i Stockholm". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 11 December 2010. 
  4. ^ a b Svahn, Clas (11 December 2010). "Man död efter explosioner i centrala Stockholm". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Nyberg, Per (12 December 2010). "Explosions in Stockholm believed to be failed terrorist attack". CNN. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Stockholm blasts kill one and injure two". BBC. 11 December 2010. Archived from the original on 12 December 2010. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  7. ^ Anderson, Christina; Bursh, John F. (11 December 2010). "Stockholm Hit by Blasts After E-Mail Warning". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  8. ^ Landes, David (12 December 2010). "Stockholm suicide blast a terror attack: police". The Local. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  9. ^ a b c Paige, Jonathan (12 December 2010). "Stockholm suicide bomber: Taimour Abdulwahab al-Abdaly profile". The Guardian (London). Archived from the original on 15 December 2010. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  10. ^ a b c "- Regjeringen reagerer med avsky". Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (in Norwegian). 12 December 2010. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  11. ^ Nises, Erik (11 December 2010). "Man sprängde sig själv med bomber". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 11 December 2010. 
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  30. ^ "Nätet avslöjar medhjälparen". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). 3 January 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2011. 
  31. ^ Mona: Det var jag som lade ut filen, Aftonbladet, 4 January 2011.
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  39. ^ Jill Lawless And Malin Rising (13 December 2010). "Taimour Abdulwahab, Stockholm Bomber, Seen As Radical By U.K. Muslims". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2013-07-22. 
  40. ^ "Comments by Fredrik Reinfeldt" (Press release). Prime Minister's Office. 12 December 2010. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
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  43. ^ "Landets moskéer enas mot terrorn". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). 17 December 2010. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
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  45. ^ "Uttalande angående attentatet lördagen 11/12/2010 i Stockholm" (Press release) (in Arabic). 17 December 2010. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
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  48. ^ "Udtalelse fra udenrigsministeren efter bombesprængning i Stockholm" (Press release) (in Danish). Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 12 December 2010. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  49. ^ "Utrikesminister Stubb uttryckte oro över bombexplosionerna i Stockholm" (Press release) (in Swedish). Ministry for Foreign Affairs. 12 December 2010. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  50. ^ "Federal Minister Westerwelle condemns suicide attack in Stockholm" (Press release). Federal Foreign Office. 12 December 2010. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  51. ^ "Foreign Ministry Condemns the Terrorist Act In Sweden" (Press release). Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 13 December 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2010. 
  52. ^ "Pakistan condemns explosions in Stockholm" (Press release). Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 14 December 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2010. 
  53. ^ "Saudi Arabia Strongly Condemns Terrorist Attack in Stockholm". Qatar News Agency. 14 December 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2010. 
  54. ^ "Turkey condemns Swedish 'terrorist' attack". Hürriyet Daily News and Economic Review. 13 December 2010. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  55. ^ Savage, James (12 December 2010). "Bomb attack draws condemnation". The Local. Archived from the original on 13 December 2010. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  56. ^ "Statement on Stockholm suspected terrorist attack". Embassy of the United States Stockholm, Sweden (on Facebook). 12 December 2010. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 

External links[edit]

Media related to 2010 Stockholm bombings at Wikimedia Commons