2010 Winter Paralympics

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X Paralympic Winter Games
Vancouver 2010 Paralympics logo.svg
"Man becomes Mountain",
emblem of the Vancouver 2010 Paralympic Games
Host city Vancouver, Canada
Motto With glowing hearts
/ Des plus brillants exploits
[1]
Nations participating 44[2]
Athletes participating 506
Events 64 in 5 sports
Opening ceremony March 12
Closing ceremony March 21
Officially opened by Governor General of Canada Michaëlle Jean[3]
Athlete's Oath Hervé Lord
Paralympic Torch Zach Beaumont
Paralympic Stadium BC Place
Winter:
Turin 2006 Sochi 2014  >
Summer:
Beijing 2008 London 2012  >
IPC logo (2004).svg 2010 Winter Paralympics

The 2010 Winter Paralympics, officially the X Paralympic Winter Games, or the 10th Winter Paralympics, were held in Vancouver and Whistler, British Columbia, Canada from March 12 to 21, 2010. The Opening Ceremony took place in BC Place Stadium in Vancouver and the Closing Ceremony in Whistler. With a theme of "One Inspires Many," the Opening Ceremony featured over 5000 local performers. 15-year old snowboarder Zach Beaumont, who is an amputee, was the final torch bearer and lit the Games Cauldron. The 2 hours live ceremony was produced by Vancouver-based Patrick Roberge Productions Inc.

This was the first time Canada hosted the Winter Paralympic Games and second time it hosted the Paralympics – the first was the 1976 Summer Paralympics in Toronto.

On June 7, 2006, Prince Edward, as a member of the Canadian Royal Family and patron of the British Paralympic Association, raised the flag of the Paralympic Games outside Vancouver City Hall.[4]

Brian McKeever of Canada became the first athlete to be named in a Winter Paralympics and Winter Olympics team in the same year, although he did not compete in the Olympic Games. (At the 2010 Winter Olympics, he was scheduled to compete in the men's 50 km cross-country race, but the coach replaced him with a skier who did well at an earlier event.)[5][6][7] At the Paralympics, he competed in Cross-country skiing and Biathlon.

Viviane Forest became the first Paralympian to win a gold in both the Winter and Summer Games, by winning the Women's Downhill for Visually Impaired. She had previously won gold in the 2000 and 2004 Summer Paralympics for women's goalball.[8][9]

Canadian Lauren Woolstencroft won 5 gold medals in alpine skiing, the most gold medals won by any Canadian Winter Paralympian at a single Games.[10] Also German Verena Bentele won 5 gold medals, in biathlon and cross country skiing, and with that number they set the gold medal record for the 2010 Games.

Development and preparation[edit]

Torch relay[edit]

The same torch design (silver with Paralympic logo) used for the Olympics was used for the Paralympic Games. On March 3, 2010, the torch began a 10-day journey from Ottawa to Vancouver.[11] The relay involved approximately six hundred runners to carry the torch across ten Canadian cities in three provinces:[12]

Venues[edit]

Venues for the 2010 Winter Paralympics were shared between Vancouver and Whistler, as with the 2010 Winter Olympics.

Competition venues
Venue Location Sports Capacity Ref.
Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports Centre Vancouver Ice sledge hockey 7,200 [13]
Vancouver Olympic/Paralympic Centre Vancouver Wheelchair curling 6,000 [14]
Whistler Creekside Whistler Alpine skiing 7,600 [15]
Whistler Paralympic Park Whistler Biathlon, Cross-country skiing 6,000 [16]
Non-competition venues
Venue Location Purpose Ref.
BC Place Stadium Vancouver Opening ceremonies [17]
International Broadcast Centre Vancouver Media (Broadcaster) Centre [18]
Vancouver Olympic and Paralympic Village Vancouver Paralympic Village [19]
Whistler Media Centre Whistler Media centre [20]
Whistler Olympic and Paralympic Village Whistler Paralympic Village [21]
Whistler Olympic Celebration Plaza Whistler Awards and Closing ceremonies [22]

Marketing[edit]

When the mascot, Sumi, an animal guardian spirit with the wings of the Thunderbird and legs of a black bear, was introduced, it was the first time the Olympic and Paralympic mascots were introduced at the same time.

To commemorate the 2010 Vancouver Olympic Games, 17 Canadian coins were issued for general circulation. Two of the circulation coins honour Paralympic sports: wheelchair curling (released on July 11, 2007) and ice sledge hockey (released on March 18, 2010). The circulation quarters omitted a traditional phrase, Dei Gratia Regina, from their obverse side, making them the first godless coins in circulation since 1911.[23]

Specifications

Years Weight Diameter/Shape Composition
2007–present 4.4 g 23.88 mm 94.0% steel, 3.8% copper, 2.2% nickel plating

Details

Date of Issue Sport Artist Mintage
July 11, 2007 Wheelchair curling Glen Green 22,000,000
March 18, 2010 Sledge hockey Glen Green 22,000,000

The Games[edit]

Participating nations[edit]

Forty-four National Paralympic Committees (NPCs) entered athletes at the 2010 Winter Paralympics. This was an increase of five from the 39 represented at the 2006 Winter Paralympics. The number in parentheses indicates the number of participants from each NPC.

A total of 506 athletes participated in the Games. This is an increase from the 476 athletes who participated in 2006.

Argentina and Romania took part in the Winter Paralympic Games for the first time,[33][34] as did Bosnia and Herzegovina.[35] All three have previously participated in several editions of the Summer Paralympics. Serbia also made its Winter Paralympics début as a distinct NPC, following its split with Montenegro.[36]

Despite the overall increase of delegates and athletes, Latvia, which participated in Turin for the 2006 Winter Paralympics, did not send athletes to Vancouver.

Sports[edit]

Five sports were on the 2010 program:

Calendar[edit]

In the following calendar for the 2010 Winter Paralympic Games, each blue box represents an event competition, such as a qualification round, on that day. The yellow boxes represent days during which gold medal finals for a sport are held.[37]

 ●  Opening ceremony     Event competitions  ●  Event finals  ●  Closing ceremony
March 2010 12th
Fri
13th
Sat
14th
Sun
15th
Mon
16th
Tue
17th
Wed
18th
Thu
19th
Fri
20th
Sat
21st
Sun
Gold
medals
Alpine skiing - Paralympic pictogram.svg Alpine skiing







30
Biathlon - Paralympic pictogram.png Biathlon



12
Cross-country skiing - Paralympic pictogram.png Cross-country skiing




20
Ice sledge hockey - Paralympic pictogram.png Ice sledge hockey 1
Wheelchair curling - Paralympic pictogram.png Wheelchair curling 1
Total gold medals 6 6 6 4 8 12 6 10 6 64
Ceremonies

Medal count[edit]

The top ten NPCs by number of gold medals are listed below. The host nation, Canada, is highlighted.

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Germany (GER) 13 5 6 24
2  Russia (RUS) 12 16 10 38
3  Canada (CAN) 10 5 4 19
4  Slovakia (SVK) 6 2 3 11
5  Ukraine (UKR) 5 8 6 19
6  United States (USA) 4 5 4 13
7  Austria (AUT) 3 4 4 11
8  Japan (JPN) 3 3 5 11
9  Belarus (BLR) 2 0 7 9
10  France (FRA) 1 4 1 6

Broadcasters[edit]

In Canada, the games were broadcast by Canada's Olympic Broadcast Media Consortium, a joint venture between CTVglobemedia and Rogers Media. The networks aired a greater amount of coverage than what had been shown in previous years, a total of 50 hours of coverage. Coverage included including a daily 90-minute highlight program, and live coverage of select sledge hockey matches (games involving Canada, plus the gold medal game) on CTV. The opening ceremony was broadcast live on CTV's Vancouver station CIVT-TV, followed by an encore aired nationally on CTV and Réseau Info Sports the following afternoon.[38] While not originally planned, CTV and RDS also aired live coverage of the closing ceremony.[39]

The games were aired on Universal Sports in the United States.

Paralympic Sport TV (paralympicsport.tv), the Internet TV channel of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), offered international free online live and recorded coverage of the games, every day from 9:00 to 22:30 PST.[40]

In New Zealand, SKY TV broadcast one hour of highlights each day, and full coverage of New Zealand athletes.[41]

In the United Kingdom, BBC broadcast the Games, but only through the red button and online.[42] In Europe, Eurosport broadcast live the medal events in biathlon, alpine and cross-country skiing.

In France, France Télévisions provided live coverage on its website.[43]

In Italy, Sky Sport provided record coverage with all games live on five dedicated HD channels.[44]

In Australia, ABC1 broadcast the games.[45]

In Norway, NRK broadcast the games. 30 hours of the Games were broadcast live. NRK-sport were critical to parts of the TV production from Vancouver, an issue they've notified to the EBU. Issues such as showing biathlon without showing the shooting, and in cross-country skiing there were numerous panorama shots of the same mountain area with skiers in the distance, making it hard to follow the progress of the competition. NRK were far more pleased with the production of the ice sledge hockey and wheelchair curling events, which they felt reached the same level as the Olympic Games.[46]

Legacy[edit]

In the winter sports season following the games, there was a notable increase in winter disability sports participation throughout British Columbia.[47]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Olympic mottoes borrow lines from O Canada". CBC News. January 25, 2008. Archived from the original on January 6, 2009. Retrieved January 7, 2009. 
  2. ^ "Flagbearers from Opening Ceremony". IPC. March 12, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2010. 
  3. ^ "VANCOUVER ORGANIZING COMMITTEE FOR THE 2010 OLYMPIC AND PARALYMPIC WINTER GAMES | Be inspired and celebrate the endless possibilities of the human spirit by attending the Opening Ceremony of the Vancouver 2010 Paralympic Winter Games". Newswire.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-23. 
  4. ^ "Joyce, Greg; Canadian Press; ''Vancouver Sun'': Edward, Sophie raise Paralympics flag, Royal couple rings in 2010 Winter Olympics outside city hall; June 8, 2006". Canada.com. 2014-01-19. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  5. ^ Vancouver Sun, "Legally blind skier embodies the Olympic ideal"[dead link], Miro Cernetig, February 17, 2010 (accessed February 21, 2010)
  6. ^ Associated Press, "Canada's McKeever to ski at Olympics, Paralympics", Rachel Cohen, February 17, 2010 (accessed February 21, 2010)
  7. ^ Boston Herald, "Blind Olympian doesn’t believe in limits"[dead link], Steve Kelley, February 20, 2010 (accessed February 21, 2010)
  8. ^ Vancouver Sun, "Paralympic para-alpine skiing: Canada’s Viviane Forest does the trifecta, wins visually impaired downhill gold"[dead link], Mike Beamish, March 18, 2010 (accessed March 19, 2010)
  9. ^ Vancouver Sun, "Para-alpine star Viviane Forest has potential for huge Games medal haul"[dead link], John Korobanik, March 11, 2010 (accessed March 19, 2010)
  10. ^ Vancouver Sun, "Woolstencroft wins fifth gold medal", CanWest News Service, March 21, 2010 (accessed March 21, 2010)
  11. ^ "Paralympic torch relay begins 10 day journey". Ctvolympics.ca. 2013-11-20. Retrieved 2014-02-07. [dead link]
  12. ^ "Vancouver 2010 Paralympic Torch Relay starting point, torch design, uniform and emblem revealed". Vancouver2010.com. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  13. ^ "Venues–UBC Thunderbird Arena". Vancouver Organizing Committee. Archived from the original on February 6, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2009. 
  14. ^ "Venues–Vancouver Olympic/Paralympic Centre". Vancouver Organizing Committee. Archived from the original on February 6, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2009. 
  15. ^ "Venues–Whistler Creekside". Vancouver Organizing Committee. Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2009. 
  16. ^ "Venues–Whistler Olympic/Paralympic Park". Vancouver Organizing Committee. Archived from the original on February 21, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2009. 
  17. ^ "Venues–BC Place". Vancouver Organizing Committee. Archived from the original on February 15, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2009. 
  18. ^ "Venues–Main Media Centre". Vancouver Organizing Committee. Archived from the original on February 15, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2009. 
  19. ^ "Venues–Olympic and Paralympic Village Vancouver". Vancouver Organizing Committee. Archived from the original on February 24, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2009. 
  20. ^ "Venues–Whistler Media Centre". Vancouver Organizing Committee. Archived from the original on February 25, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2009. 
  21. ^ "Venues–Olympic and Paralympic Village Whistler". Vancouver Organizing Committee. Archived from the original on February 25, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2009. 
  22. ^ "Venues–Whistler Olympic Celebration Plaza". Vancouver Organizing Committee. Archived from the original on March 26, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2009. 
  23. ^ "14 circulating coins included in 2010 Olympic program", Bret Evans, Canadian Coin News, January 23 to February 5, 2007, issue of Canadian Coin News
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar Athletes: Vancouver 2010 Winter Paralympics, The Official Website of the Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games
  25. ^ "Vancouver 2010 Team Canada". Canadian Paralympic Committee. Retrieved March 13, 2009. [dead link]
  26. ^ a b c d "Sledge Masters: Previewing the 2010 Paralympic Sledge Hockey Tournament", CBS Sports
  27. ^ "Munich Counting Down to Vancouver 2010 – With an Eye to 2018!"[dead link], Canada International (Canadian government website)
  28. ^ "www.paralympic.gr". www.paralympic.gr. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  29. ^ "VANCOUVER 2010, PARALIMPIADI: ITALIA AI GIOCHI CON 35 ATLETI". Sport.repubblica.it. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  30. ^ "Reprezentacja Polski na X Zimowe Igrzyska Paraolimpijskie VANCOUVER 2010", Polski Komitet Paraolimpijski
  31. ^ "Vail skier qualifies for Paralympics", Vail Daily, February 17, 2010
  32. ^ "Fundraiser Helps Ukraine's Paralympics Team ", The Epoch Times, February 12, 2010
  33. ^ Argentina at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee
  34. ^ "Romania at the Paralimpic Winter Games (Romanian)". Sport.hotnews.ro. Retrieved 2014-02-07. 
  35. ^ Bosnia and Herzegovina at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee
  36. ^ Serbia at the Paralympics, International Paralympic Committee
  37. ^ "Vancouver 2010 Paralympic Competition Schedule" (PDF). International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved August 9, 2008. [dead link]
  38. ^ "Record hours of coverage for Paralympic Games". CTVOlympics.ca. June 16, 2009. Archived from the original on January 30, 2010. Retrieved February 14, 2010. 
  39. ^ "Closing Ceremony of 2010 Paralympic Winter Games To Air Live on CTV and RDS, This Sunday". Canada's Olympic Broadcast Media Consortium (press release). March 16, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-18. [dead link]
  40. ^ An Overview Of the Paralympic Games, newdisability.com, 2010
  41. ^ Paralympics New Zealand Newsletter May 2010[dead link], Paralympics New Zealand
  42. ^ "BBC criticised over Winter Paralympics TV plans". Bhfederation.org.uk. Retrieved 2014-02-07. [dead link]
  43. ^ "Paralympiques2010", France Télévisions
  44. ^ "Paralimpiadi on SKY",
  45. ^ "ABC1 to broadcast Sochi 2014 Paralympics". paralympic.org. Retrieved 11 November 2014. 
  46. ^ Oppgitt over elendig Paralympics-produksjon[dead link] (Norwegian), Harstad Tidende, March 25, 2010
  47. ^ Participation in disabled sport jumps 10 per cent in B.C.[dead link], The Vancouver Sun, March 11, 2011

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Turin
Winter Paralympics
Vancouver

X Paralympic Winter Games (2010)
Succeeded by
Sochi