Bids for the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics

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Bids for the
2010 (2010) Summer Youth Olympics
[[Bids for the 2010 Summer Youth
Olympics|Overview]]
[[2010 Summer Youth
Olympics|XXI Olympic Winter Games]] 
Logo of the campaign.
[[Singapore bid for the 2010 Summer Youth
Olympics|Singapore]] 
[[Moscow bid for the 2010 Summer Youth
Olympics|Moscow]] · [[Athens bid for the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics|Athens]] · [[Bangkok bid for the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics|Bangkok]] · [[Turin bid for the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics|Turin]]
Details
City {{{fullname}}}
NOC {{{committee}}}
Previous Games hosted
{{{history}}}
Decision
Result {{{result}}}

The bidding for the 2010 Youth Olympics Games began in August 2007, to which nine cities presented their candidature files. In the competition to host the inaugural Youth Olympic Games in 2010, the list was shortened to five in November 2007. The list was further shortened to two in January 2008—Moscow and Singapore.[1]

Moscow was the highest rated city in the evaluation report, but may have been disadvantaged due to the win by Russian city Sochi to host the 2014 Winter Olympics.[2] Singapore also had a very high evaluation and had a possible geographical advantage, being situated in a region (Southeast Asia) which had never hosted.

Singapore was announced as the host city on 21 February 2008 after a tally of a postal vote.[3]

Process[edit]

Olympic rings with white rims.svg 2010 Summer Youth Olympics

Cities interested in hosting the games had to have their applications confirmed by their respective National Olympic Committees and submitted to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) by August 31, 2007. On September 3, nine cities were confirmed as official applicants by the Committee.[4] They were later acknowledged as completing the questionnaire due October 26, 2007. A shortlist of five cities was announced on November 19.[5]

Although it was planned to have an evaluation committee visit the shortlisted cities in December,[6] eventually each city presented a video conference on December 13. As the IOC predicted, they further eliminated some of the cities before the final stage.[7]

The IOC has stressed that the main goal of these games is not competition, but education based on Olympic values.[8] The host city, therefore, should not have to build new venues for the occasion, but rather use existing infrastructure for the games.[9] Still, the games would include an Olympic village and protocols which would prepare young athletes for future Olympic competition.[10]

The risks of quickly preparing for the first edition of the event was a major factor in selection of the final candidates. There will only be two-and-a-half years to organize the Games, but Games with longer lead times may allow some of the non-selected cities to bid for future Games.[1]

An evaluation committee viewed a video conference presentation from each city in December 2007. In January, the short list was reduced from five to two, Moscow and Singapore.[6]

When the result of the final postal tally was revealed, Singapore won the right to host the Games over Moscow in a tally of 53-44.

2010 Youth Olympic Games bidding results
City NOC Name Postal votes
Singapore  Singapore 53
Moscow  Russia 44

Overview of host bid[edit]

2010 Host City
Name Country (IOC country code) Official web site
Singapore  Singapore (SIN) [1]

Host of the 117th IOC Session, Singapore made its first formal bid to host a multi-disciplinary sporting event of this magnitude. Banking on its high connectivity with the world, its youthfulness as an independent country and its reputation for excellence and multi-racial harmony, the city-state rolled out a high-publicity campaign. These included being amongst the first to launch its official website, bid logo (despite IOC rules against bid logos) and a bid tagline "Blazing the Trail" on 16 October 2007[11] and getting the local populance to support its bid, including an effort by students to collect 1 million signatures in support of the games.[12]

Singapore's bid got off to a rocky start when Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong expressed concern on 15 July 2007 that the city may not be ready to host the games as the Singapore Sports Hub is expected to be ready only in 2011.[13] By August, however, the city announced its intentions to proceed with the bid.[13] Parliamentary Secretary for Community Development, Youth and Sports Teo Ser Luck went to study Beijing in September,[14] and by October, Prime Minister Lee expressed full support.[13]

Singapore intends to put up "fully integrated sport, education and cultural programmes" as part of the Games, with emphasis on "compactness" and "vibrancy". All 26 sports will be featured, utilising 24 venues around the city. Suburban facilities such as the Bishan Stadium (for athletics), the Singapore Sports School (Modern Pentathlon), Tampines Bike Park (cycling) and the Toa Payoh Swimming Complex (aquatics and diving) were highlighted as a means of bringing the event to the people. The Youth Olympic Village will be located at the new student residential village of the National University of Singapore, slated for completion months before the event on the former Warren Golf Course. Amongst other educational plans, the bid includes a proposal to build a Sports Museum and Library and the offer of six Singapore Olympic Scholarships annually for young athletes to attend the Singapore Sports School.[15]

In the IOC evaluation, concerns were still expressed over the building two new venues - the Olympic Village and equestrian complex. However, a construction expert found that the $423 million University of Singapore Olympic Village plan was feasible, and a backup plan should they not be finished was also feasible. The equestrian venue was also expected to be built in time.[16]

The $75.5 million budget is considered reasonable and has strong government support. (It is also closer to the initial target of $30–45 million when the Youth Games concept was announced.) The plan was also praised for its compactness.[16]

Evaluation of applicant cities[edit]

Applicant cities comparison[edit]

2010 Applicant Cities
Category Details Athens
 Greece
Bangkok
 Thailand
Debrecen
 Hungary
Guatemala City
 Guatemala
Kuala Lumpur
 Malaysia
Moscow
 Russia
Poznań
 Poland
Singapore
 Singapore
Turin
 Italy
Population City 745,514 (2001) 5,658,953 (2005) 204,297 (2005) 1,202,536 (2002) 1,800,674 (2004) 10,126,424 (2002) 567,882 (567,882) 4,680,600 (2007) 900,569 (2006)
Country 11,170,957 (2007) 62,828,706 (2006) 10,053,000 (2007) 13,000,000 (2005) 27,356,000 (2007) 142,000,000 (2008 estimate) 38,518,241 (2007) 4,680,600 (2007) 59,206,382 (2007)
Bid budget (million US$) Total 317.8 33.2 27.8 132.4 60.0 179.8 17.5 75 112
Guaranteed subsidy 84 NA NA NA NA NA NA 75 NA
Estimated sponsorship 161 NA NA NA NA 27 NA 0 27.2
Main airport Name Athens Suvarnabhumi Debrecen La Aurora Kuala Lumpur Sheremetyevo Poznań Changi Turin
Distance (km) 20 25 6 50 10 20
Capacity (million) 16.0 45 35 70
Handled (2006) 15,079,662 42,799,532 24,570,385(2006) 12,760,000 35,033,000
Venues Total 24 23 26 28 23 28 25 24 21
Completed 19 23 13 26 22 28 24 19 19
Temporary 5 0 7 2 1 0 0 4 1
Travel time (mins) 30 45 <30 >60 <30 <30 15 <30 30
Olympic village Distance (km) 29 50 2 0 20 14 6 13 11
Beds 4,896 7,638 5,012 4,795 5,500 5,060 5,000 5,000 5,005
Accommodation Total rooms 7,005 11,039 3,325 1,976 15,541 29,688
(9,459 u/c)
4,321 39,120 8,148
Guaranteed rooms 5,304 3,084 2,623 1,550 3,010 5,259 3,720
(1,501 u/c)
2,710
(1,600 u/c)
3,753

IOC evaluation report[edit]

Athens (Greece), Bangkok (Thailand), and Turin (Italy) were three bid cities which made it to the short list, but were later eliminated in January 2008. Although Athens' bid had sentiment and state of the art venues from its recent hosting of the 2004 Summer Olympics,[17] its bid was ultimately eliminated for having a very high budget (US$273 million) and having events too far from the central sites.[16] Bangkok was praised for its accommodations and facilities,[18] but like Athens, the venues were too spread out and the nation was also experiencing some political unstability. Its budget was also considered inadequate.[16] Turin's plan was somewhat impressive, but a proposed $304 million Olympic Village would not be constructed in time, effectively ending the bid.[16]

Evaluation breakdown[edit]

Each cell of the table provides a minimum and a maximum figure obtained by the applicant city on the specific criteria. The graphs are rounded off to the nearest whole number.[19]

Athens Bangkok Debrecen Guatemala City Kuala Lumpur Moscow Poznań Singapore Turin
Governance (Weighting: 3) 6.0
7.0
5.0
7.0
5.0
6.0
2.0
4.0
4.0
6.0
8.0
9.0
3.0
5.0
9.0
9.0
6.0
7.0
General infrastructure (Weighting: 3) 8.1
9.4
3.9
5.9
4.1
6.1
2.9
5.3
4.1
6.9
7.9
9.0
4.0
5.4
8.3
9.1
6.8
8.8
Sport and venues (Weighting: 5) 6.8
7.9
5.9
7.5
3.5
4.6
3.3
4.3
6.7
8.3
7.2
8.9
4.9
5.9
6.5
7.9
6.2
7.6
Culture and education (Weighting: 4) 3.6
5.6
5.6
7.2
3.1
5.2
5.0
6.6
1.0
2.6
6.9
8.5
4.7
6.3
7.2
8.8
5.8
7.6
Youth Olympic Village (Weighting: 5) 6.0
8.5
6.6
7.8
6.0
7.0
2.0
2.9
6.5
7.8
7.7
8.9
4.2
4.9
5.9
6.7
3.0
3.8
Transport operations (Weighting: 2) 6.3
8.3
3.3
5.3
7.1
8.7
3.0
5.0
5.1
6.7
6.5
8.4
6.4
8.1
7.0
8.5
6.0
7.6
Accommodation (Weighting: 2) 8.0
10.0
7.0
10.0
3.0
50.0
2.0
40.0
7.0
10.0
8.0
10.0
6.0
70.0
7.0
10.0
8.0
10.0
Finance and marketing (Weighting: 4) 4.8
6.6
4.2
5.3
3.8
5.2
3.0
5.6
5.8
6.8
5.4
7.2
3.4
4.8
6.2
7.6
5.0
6.8
Overall project (Weighting: 3) 6.0
8.0
4.0
7.0
2.0
5.0
1.0
4.0
3.0
7.0
7.0
9.0
2.0
5.0
7.0
9.5
5.0
8.0
Overall evaluation 6.2
7.2
5.5
6.7
4.1
5.3
2.8
3.9
4.5
5.9
7.5
8.5
4.1
5.2
7.4
7.9
5.7
6.3

Out of the race[edit]

Eliminated in final vote[edit]

2010 Finalist City
Name Country (IOC country code) Official web site
Moscow  Russia (RUS) Moscowyog2010

Host of the 1980 Summer Olympics and three IOC Sessions. Russia aggressively campaigned for the games with its prior Olympic history and recent win with the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics. President Vladimir Putin showed a high profile in support of the games.[20] Moscow planned a "Web University" to enhance interaction and awareness of traditions from all cultures of the world. However, overspending and low revenue were criticized.[21]

In the evaluation, the IOC discouraged the use of the web university. Otherwise, Moscow scored high in almost every area except finance, primarily because of a high budget. (Only Athens had a higher proposed budget.)

Moscow budgeted US$180 million, including almost half of which (US$76 million) for culture and education programs. The bid was praised for solid government guarantees, an improved contingency fund, and the fact that most venues were ready. Most of the venues and Olympic village are from the 1980 Summer Olympics, which have been maintained over the years. Also cited was Moscow's experience to deliver on time and on target. If they had won, Moscow would have had to work closely with the organizers of Sochi's 2014 Winter Olympics to avoid conflicts in marketing and other areas.[16]

Moscow garnered the support of some high profile celebrities, such as tennis player Maria Sharapova.[22] The Russian Sports Channel RTR-Sport pledged to provide 100% broadcast coverage to all participating countries.[23]

Eliminated from Shortlist[edit]

2010 Short list Cities
Name Country (IOC country code) Official web site
Athens  Greece (GRE) [2]

Host of the 1896 Summer Olympics the 2004 Summer Olympics and seven IOC Sessions. As stated on their website, Athens was eager to host the Games not only to utilize their state of the art venues, but to establish the Youth Olympics in the "birthplace" of the Modern and Ancient Games.[24]

Athens had sentiment on its side, as well as all the recently built venues from 2004. However, the overarching (too high) finances still were questioned, and the bid was criticised for seeming to misunderstand and lack comprehension of the cultural and educational goals.

Ultimately, Athens was eliminated for its very high budget (US$273 million), which was reduced from its initial estimate, and failure to provide sufficient hotel guarantees. In desiring to use historic venues as they did in the 2004 Summer Games, concerns were raised that events would be too spread out and cause too much travel time. The bid did noticeably improve its cultural aspect, however.[16]

Bangkok  Thailand (THA) [3]

Initially, Thailand was hot to bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics after its strong performance at the 2004 Athens Games. Instead, the nation chose to bid for these junior Olympics which have less pressure. The Games were to be held at Thammasat University’s campus in Rangsit where the 1998 Asian Games and the 2007 Summer Universiade were staged. Scheduled between August 8 and 20, 2010.[25]

Transport, general infrastructure, and finance are the weak points of Bangkok's bid, while excellent accommodations of this resort and tourist mecca are its greatest strength.

At Bangkok's elimination, the major factors were too low a budget (US$34 million), widespread venues which again would have caused too great travel times, and with Thailand's recent political upheavals, concerns over upcoming elections and lack of government guarantees.[16]

Turin  Italy (ITA)

Host of the 2006 Winter Olympics and one IOC Session. At the initial evaluation, although Turin was credited with its strong recent experience, it was an otherwise average ranked city. Particular criticism was aimed at the Olympic Village.

With a budget of US$130 million, Turin's bid with refinements was well received, but was effectively ended when it was determined that the proposed Olympic village would not be completed in time for the Games.[16]

Turin may set its sights on the inaugural 2012 Winter Youth Olympics as a consolation prize.[26]

Non-selected applicant cities[edit]

2010 Non-selected Applicant Cities
Name Country (IOC country code) Official web site
Debrecen  Hungary (HUN) [4]

Debrecen planned a compact bid. 95% of venues were within walking distance. Over 3,000 free bikes would be available in the “Green bike” program.[27] Debrecen has hosted 12 major sporting events in the past seven years, and also has a high percentage of youth because of the university population.[28] In evaluation, the transport was by far the strongest aspect of the bid; however, the IOC speculated the city may be just too small to host the Games, with budget, accommodations, etc. just not in place.

Guatemala City  Guatemala (GUA)

Host of one IOC Session. Guatemala City is the only candidate from the Americas and was riding high from its exposure in 2007 to the IOC. The application was evaluated as being low in most categories, although culture and education were strong. It was estimated Guatemala City has much work to do in infrastructure before it may have a solid bid.

Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia (MAS)

Although strong in accommodations, Kuala Lumpur lacked in almost every evaluation category, especially culture and education.

Poznań  Poland (POL)

Poznan did not have strong governatorial support and seemed to lack understanding of the financial needs to mount the Games. It was also a relatively isolated city when compared to other bids.

Non-finalised applicant cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b IOC Selects Moscow and Singapore To Youth Olympic Games Short List
  2. ^ Olympics: Singapore favourites for Youth Olympics: IOC member
  3. ^ Singapore to host the 1st Summer Youth Olympic Games in 2010
  4. ^ "YOG appeal: 11 cities want to stage first edition in 2010". 2007-09-03. Archived from the original on 10 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-03. 
  5. ^ Five Cities Make Cut For 2010 Youth Olympic Games
  6. ^ a b "Youth Olympics candidates to be nominated by end of August". Earthtimes.org. 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2007-08-17. 
  7. ^ List Of 2010 Youth Olympic Games Finalists Could Be Shortened
  8. ^ "No kidding: Teens to get Youth Olympic Games". USA Today. 2007-04-25. Retrieved 2007-05-19. 
  9. ^ "Rogge wants Youth Olympic Games". BBC Sport. 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2007-05-19. 
  10. ^ "IOC to Introduce Youth Olympic Games in 2010". 2007-04-25. Retrieved 2007-05-20. 
  11. ^ Channelnewsasia.com
  12. ^ Singapore Unveils Plan For 2010 Youth Olympic Games
  13. ^ a b c Channelnewsasia.com
  14. ^ Youth.SG :: Singapore - Parliamentary Secretary Teo Ser Luck on Olympic Games Fact-Finding Mission
  15. ^ Singapore 2010
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i Youth Olympic Games Evaluation Report Has Focus on Short Timeframe
  17. ^ "Athens2010 Youth Olympic Bid". 2008. Archived from the original on 22 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-22. 
  18. ^ Bangkok 2010 Youth Olympic Games Bid Wants Business Support Retrieved 2008-02-22
  19. ^ http://video.olympic.org/http://YOG_2010_Panel_report_ENG.pdf
  20. ^ Moscow "Will Set Standard" For Youth Olympic Games Says Director
  21. ^ Nothing Left To Chance In Moscow 2010 Youth Games Bid
  22. ^ Sharapova Supports Moscow 2010 Youth Olympic Games
  23. ^ Global Coverage For Moscow 2010 Youth Olympic Games
  24. ^ Why Athens
  25. ^ Bangkok 2010 Youth Olympic Games Bid Wants Business Support
  26. ^ Gamesbids.com makes predictions
  27. ^ Debrecen Hungary Submits 2010 Youth Olympic Games Bid To IOC
  28. ^ Debrecen 2010 Youth Olympic Games Would "Take Over The Entire City"
  29. ^ Nine Cities Submit Bids For 2010 Youth Olympic Games
  30. ^ "2010 Youth Olympic Bid Cities Attend IOC Workshop". gamesbids.com. 2007-09-19. Retrieved 2007-09-19. 
  31. ^ a b c 2010 Summer Youth Olympic Games Bids

External links[edit]

Host city[edit]

Out of the race cities[edit]

IOC reports[edit]