2010 in paleontology

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Important taxa described (but not necessarily validly named) in 2010

Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 2010.

Molluscs[edit]

Newly named bivalves[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Emiliodonta[2]

Gen nov

valid

Sánchez

Caradoc

Don Braulio Formation

 Argentina

Replacement name for Emiliania Sánchez, 1999 preoccupied by Emiliania Hay & Mohler, 1967

Arthropods[edit]

Anomalocaridids[edit]

Newly named anomalocaridids
Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Amplectobelua stephenensis[3]

Valid

  • Daley
  • Budd

Middle Cambrian

Burgess Shale Formation

 Canada

A second species of Amplectobelua.

Caryosyntrips[3]

Valid

  • Daley
  • Budd

Middle Cambrian

Burgess Shale Formation

 Canada

Stanleycaris[4]

Valid

Middle Cambrian

Stephen Formation

 Canada

Newly named crustaceans[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aciculopoda[5]

Valid

  • Feldmann
  • Schweitzer

Devonian

Oldest known shrimp.

Chenops[6]

Valid

  • Hegna
  • Ren

Barremian

Yixian Formation

A notostracan

Jeholops[6]

Valid

  • Hegna
  • Ren

Barremian

Yixian Formation

A notostracan

Jeholops (left)

Nasunaris[7]

Valid

Siveter, Briggs, Siveter, & Sutton

Silurian

An ostracod

Newly named insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Bohemiatupus elegans[15]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Prokop & Nel

Westphalian

Kladno Formation

 Czech Republic

Camptoneurites soyanensis[16]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Aristov, Storozhenko, & Cui

Kazanian

Soyana locality

 Russia

Cantabroraphidia[17]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Pérez-de la Fuente, Nel, Peñalver, & Delclòs

Albian

Las Peñosas Formation, Cave of El Soplao

 Spain

A mesoraphidiid snakefly; The single species is C. marcanoi

Cascoplecia[8]

fam, gen et sp nov

Valid

Poinar

Early Cretaceous

Burmese amber

 Burma

A flower-visiting fly.

Crepidodera decolorata[18]

sp nov

Valid

Nadein & Perkovsky

Late Eocene

Rovno amber

 Ukraine

A flea beetle

Deinodryinus? aptianus[19]

sp nov

Valid

Olmi, Rasnitsyn, & Guglielmino

Aptian

Khurilt rock unit

 Mongolia

A dryinid wasp.

Ektatotricha[20]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Chatzimanolis, Engel, Newton, & Grimaldi

Middle Cretaceous

Burmese amber

 Myanmar

Electroatopos[20]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Chatzimanolis, Engel, Newton, & Grimaldi

Middle Cretaceous

Burmese amber

 Myanmar

Iberoevania[21]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Peñalver, Ortega-Blanco, Nel, & Delclòs

Early Cretaceous

Amber

 Spain

An evaniid

Jerseyempheria[22]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Azar, Nel, & Petrulevicius

Cretaceous

New Jersey amber

 USA

A empheriid psocodean

Kachinus[20]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Chatzimanolis, Engel, Newton, & Grimaldi

Middle Cretaceous

Burmese amber

 Myanmar

Lichnomesopsyche[23]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Ren, Labandeira, & Shih

Middle Jurassic

Jiulongshan Formation

 China

A mesopsychid mecopteran

Manobiomorpha[18]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Nadein & Perkovsky

Late Eocene

Rovno amber

 Ukraine

A flea beetle

Mendozachorista[10]

fam, gen et sp nov

Valid

Brauckmann, Gallego, Hauschke, Martins-Neto, Groening, Ilger, & Lara

Late Triassic

Llantenes Formation

 Argentina

The species is M. volkheimeri

Mesokristensenia[11]

fam, gen et sp nov

Valid

Huang, Nel, & Minet

Middle Jurassic

Daohugou Beds

 China

Microcostaphron[9]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Ortega-Blanco, Rasnitsyn, & Delclòs

Early Cretaceous

Álava amber

 Spain

The species is M. parvus

Paleophaedon[18]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Nadein & Perkovsky

Late Eocene

Rovno amber

 Ukraine

A chrysomeline leaf beetle

Parazila[12]

gen et sp nov

Synonymized

Vršanský, Ren, & Shih

Late Jurassic

 Siberia

A fly

Psyllototus[18]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Nadein & Perkovsky

Late Eocene

Rovno amber

 Ukraine

A flea beetle

Radiophron[9]

fam, gen et sp nov

Valid

Ortega-Blanco, Rasnitsyn, & Delclòs

Early Cretaceous

Álava amber

 Spain

The species is R. ibericus

Raptorapax[24]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Petrulevicius, Azar, & Nel

Early Cretaceous

Amber

 Lebanon

A rhachiberothid lacewing

Sociala[13]

fam, gen et sp nov

Valid

Vršanský

Albian

Amber

 France

A cockroach

Tyulkinia[16]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Aristov, Storozhenko, & Cui

Kungurian

Tyulkino locality

 Russia

Vitimopsyche kozlovi[23]

gen et sp nov

Valid

Ren, Labandeira, & Shih

Early Cretaceous

Jehol Biota

 China

A mesopsychid mecopteran

Vosila[12]

fam, gen et sp nov

Valid

Vršanský, Ren, & Shih

Middle Jurassic

 China

A fly

Weiwoboa[14]

Fam, gen et sp nov

Valid

Lin, Szwedo, Huang, & Stroiński

Lower Eocene

 China

Newly named spiders[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Eoplectreurys[25]

Valid

  • Selden
  • Huang

Middle Jurassic

Daohugou Beds

The oldest known haplogyne spider.

Fishes[edit]

Newly named jawless vertebrates[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Ariaspis arctata[26]

Valid

  • Elliott
  • Swift

Late Silurian

 Canada

A heterostracan.

Newly named placoderms[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Bryantolepis williamsi[27]

Valid

  • Elliott & Carr

Early Devonian

Water Canyon Formation

 United States

A member of Arthrodira, a species of Bryantolepis.

Potangaspis[28]

Valid

  • Zhu Min
  • Wang Jun-qing
  • Wang Shi-tao

early Emsian (Early Devonian)

Yukiang Formation

 China

An antarctaspid arthrodire. The species is P. parvoculatus.

Newly named cartilaginous fishes[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Akaimia[29]

Valid

  • Rees

Callovian – Oxfordian

Ogrodzieniec

 Poland

A primitive carpet shark.

Avonacanthus[30]

Valid

  • Maisey

Early Carboniferous

 United Kingdom

A member of Elasmobranchii, possibly a heslerodid; a new genus for "Ctenacanthus" brevis Agassiz (1837).

Cretorectolobus robustus[31]

Valid

  • Underwood
  • Cumbaa

Cenomanian

 Canada

Edaphodon hesperis[32]

Valid

  • Shin

Campanian

Haslam Formation

 Canada

A holocephalan, a species of Edaphodon.

Eoscymnus[33]

Valid

  • Herman
  • Van Den Eeckhaut

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) to Eocene

 Belgium
 France
 Morocco
 United States

An eoscymnid squaliform. The type species is Eoscymnus anthonisi.

Eostriatolamia paucicorrugata[31]

Valid

  • Underwood
  • Cumbaa

Cenomanian

 Canada

Foumtizia deschutteri[33]

Valid

  • Herman
  • Van Den Eeckhaut

Eocene

 Belgium

A catshark or a houndshark, a species of Foumtizia.

Jiaodontus[34]

Valid

Oxfordian

Qigu Formation

 China

A lonchidiid hybodontiform.

Meristodonoides[31]

Valid

  • Underwood
  • Cumbaa

Aptian to Maastrichtian

 Canada  USA

A new genus for "Hybodus" rajkovichi (Case, 2001). Other species included in this genus are: "Hybodus" butleri (Thurmond, 1971), "Hybodus" montanensis (Case, 1978) and "Hybodus" novojerseyensis (Case and Cappetta, 2004).

Orectoloboides angulatus[31]

Valid

  • Underwood
  • Cumbaa

Cenomanian

 Canada

Orectoloboides gijseni[33]

Valid

  • Herman
  • Van Den Eeckhaut

Eocene

 Belgium

A wobbegong.

Palaeogenotodus[33]

Junior synonym

  • Herman
  • Van Den Eeckhaut

Early Cretaceous (Albian) to Eocene (Ypresian)

 Angola
 Belgium
 France
 Morocco
 United Kingdom

Initially thought to be an eoptolamnid lamniform,[33] subsequently assigned to Otodontidae. The type species is Paleogenotodus luypaertsi. Herman and Van Waes (2012) considered the genus Palaeogenotodus to be a synonym of the genus Otodus; the authors retained the type species P. luypaertsi as a distinct species within the genus Otodus.[35]

Palaeoxyris friessi[36]

Valid

  • Böttcher

Ladinian

Erfurt Formation

 Germany

Egg capsule of a probable hybodont shark.

Ptychodus rhombodus[31]

Valid

  • Underwood
  • Cumbaa

Cenomanian

 Canada

Roulletia canadensis[31]

Valid

  • Underwood
  • Cumbaa

Cenomanian

 Canada

Telodontaspis[31]

Valid

  • Underwood
  • Cumbaa

Cenomanian

 Canada

The type species is Telodontaspis agassizensis. Newbrey et al. (2013) considered this genus to be a junior synonym of the genus Cretoxyrhina, though they maintained the species T. agassizensis as a separate species within the genus Cretoxyrhina.[37]

Triaenodon willei[33]

Valid

  • Herman
  • Van Den Eeckhaut

Eocene

 Belgium

A relative of the whitetip reef shark.

Urobatis molleni[38]

Valid

  • Hovestadt
  • Hovestadt-Euler

Eocene (Ypresian to early Lutetian)

Aalter Formation

 Belgium

A stingray, a species of Urobatis.

Welcommia cappettai[39]

Valid

  • Klug
  • Kriwet

Middle Oxfordian

 Germany

A synechodontiform shark, a species of Welcommia.

Newly named bony fishes[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Bonnerichthys[40]

Valid

Cenomanian

Niobrara Chalk Formation

 USA

A gigantic pachycormid fish, a new genus for "Portheus" gladius (Cope, 1873).

Bullichthys[41]

Valid

  • Mayrinck
  • Brito
  • Otero

Lower Cretaceous

Santana Formation

 Brazil

An albuliform fish. The species is B. santanensis.

Enchodus zimapanensis[42]

Valid

  • Fielitz
  • González-Rodríguez

Albian to Cenomanian

El Doctor Formation

 Mexico

An enchodontid aulopiform, a species of Enchodus.

Lavinia lugaskii[43]

Valid

  • Kelly

Middle Miocene (early Clarendonian)

Aldrich Station Formation

 United States

A cyprinid fish, a species of Lavinia.

Macropycnodon[44]

Valid

  • Shimada
  • Williamson
  • Sealey

Upper Cretaceous

Mancos Shale Formation

 USA

A gigantic pycnodont fish.

Polazzodus[45]

Valid

  • Poyoto-Ariza

Late Cretaceous

 Italy

A pycnodont fish. The species is P. coronatus.

Potamoceratodus[46]

Valid

Late Jurassic

Morrison Formation

 USA

A lungfish, a new genus for "Ceratodus" guentheri (Marsh, 1878).

Rhinconichthys[40]

Valid

Cenomanian

 Japan
 UK

A gigantic pachycormid fish. The species is Rhinconichthys taylori

Rhombichthys[47]

Valid

  • Khalloufi
  • Zaragueta-Bagils
  • Lelievre

Cenomanian

Ein Yabrud

 West Bank

A double-armored member of the Ellimmichthyiformes.

Shuleichthys[48]

Valid

  • Murry
  • You
  • Peng

Cretaceous

 China

A osteoglossomorph fish. The species is S. brachypteryx.

Xeradipterus[49]

Valid

  • Clement
  • Long

Late Devonian (Frasnian)

Gogo Formation

 Australia

A holodontid lungfish.

Amphibians[edit]

Newly named amphibians[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Deltaherpeton[50]

Valid

  • Bolt
  • Lombard

Late Viséan

A colosteid.

Fedexia[51]

Valid

Gzhelian

Casselman Formation

A trematopid genus currently among the oldest known vertebrates with a primarily terrestrial lifestyle.

Hungarobatrachus[52]

Valid

  • Szentesi
  • Venczel

Santonian

Csehbánya Formation

Advanced frog.

Madygenerpeton[53]

Valid

  • Schoch
  • Voigt
  • Buchwitz

Middle/Upper Triassic

Madygen Formation

A chroniosuchid reptiliomorph.

Pelobates fahlbuschi[54]

Valid

  • Böhme

Miocene

 Germany

An European spadefoot toad.

Anapsids[edit]

Newly named basal anapsids[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Microleter[55]

Valid

Lower Permian

 USA

A basal parareptile. The species is M. mckinzieorum.

Phonodus[56]

Valid

Induan (early Triassic)

Katberg Formation

 South Africa

The earliest known leptopleuronine procolophonid.

Reiszorhinus[57]

Valid

Lower Permian

Waggoner Ranch Formation

 USA

A basal captorhinid. The species is Reiszorhinus olsoni.

Newly named turtles[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cerrejonemys[58]

Valid

  • Cadena
  • Bloch
  • Jaramillo

Paleocene

Cerrejón Formation

 Colombia

Chupacabrachelys[59]

Valid

  • Lehman
  • Wick

Campanian

Aguja Formation

 USA

A taphrosphyini bothremydid

Gamerabaena[60]

Valid

  • Lyson
  • Joyce

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Hell Creek Formation

 USA

Itilochelys[61]

Valid

  • Danilov
  • Averianov
  • Yarkov

Danian

Beryozovaya beds

 Russia

Jiangxichelys[62]

Valid

  • Tong
  • Mo

Late Cretaceous

Ganzhou

 China

A nanhsiungchelyid turtle.

Liaochelys[63]

Valid

  • Zhou

Early Cretaceous

Jiufotang Formation

 China

A macrobaenid turtle.

Mexichelys[64]

Valid

  • Parham
  • Pyenson

Late Campanian

Cerro del Pueblo Formation

 Mexico

A sea turtle. A new genus for "Euclastes" coahuilaensis (Brinkman et al., 2009).[65]

Pacifichelys[64]

Valid

  • Parham
  • Pyenson

Miocene

 Peru
 USA

A sea turtle.

"Trionyx" kansaiensis[66]

Valid

  • Vitek & Danilov

Late Cretaceous

 Kazakhstan
 Tajikistan

A trionychid with unclear systematic position, a species of Trionyx sensu lato.

Ichthyopterygians[edit]

Newly named ichthyopterygians[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Arthropterygius[67]

Valid

  • Maxwell

Queen Elizabeth Islands

A new genus for "Ophthalmosaurus" chirsorum (Russell, 1993).

Athabascasaurus[68]

Valid

  • Druckenmiller
  • Maxwell

Lower Albian

Clearwater Formation

The most complete and stratigraphically oldest known ichthyosaur from the Cretaceous of North America.

Barracudasauroides[69]

Valid

  • Maisch

Middle Triassic

Guanling Formation

A new genus for "Mixosaurus" panxianensis (Jiang, Schmitz, Hao & Sun, 2006).

Mixosaurus xindianensis[70]

Valid

  • Chen
  • Cheng

Middle Triassic

Guanling Formation

Omphalosaurus merriami[69]

Valid

  • Maisch

Early Triassic

Sticky Keep Formation

A species of a possible ichthyopterygian genus Omphalosaurus.

Lepidosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named plesiosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alexeyisaurus[71]

Valid

  • Sennikov
  • Arkhangelsky

Norian

Wilczek Formation

 Russia

A new elasmosaurid

Meyerasaurus[72]

Valid

  • Smith
  • Vincent

Lower Toarcian

Posidonia Shale

 Germany

A pliosaur, a new genus for "Plesiosaurus" victor (Fraas, 1910).

Newly named basal lepidosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cargninia[73]

Valid

Carnian - Norian

Caturrita Formation

 Brazil

A basal lepidosaur.

Newly named lizards[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Adriosaurus skrbinensis[74]

Valid

  • Caldwell
  • Palci

Late Cenomanian

Skrbina

 Slovenia

Bavaricordylus molassicus[54]

Valid

  • Böhme

Miocene (late Karpatian)

 Germany

A cordylid, a species of Bavaricordylus.

Headonhillia[75]

Valid

  • Klembara
  • Green

Late Eocene, Ludian (Priabonian)

Bembridge Limestone Formation

 England

An anguine lizard. The species is H. parva.

Heloderma welcommei[33]

Valid

  • Herman
  • Van Den Eeckhaut

Eocene

 Belgium

An anguimorph lizard. Herman and Van Den Eeckhaut (2010) consider it to be a species of Heloderma (though the authors define the genus Heloderma more broadly than most herpetologists, and explicitly synonimize the glyptosaurine genus Placosaurus with it).[33]

Kleskunsaurus[76]

Valid

  • Nydam
  • Caldwell
  • Fanti

Upper Campanian

Wapiti Formation

 Canada

A scincomorph lizard. The species is K. grandeprairiensis.

Liushusaurus[77]

Valid

  • Evans
  • Wang

Lower Cretaceous

Yixian Formation

 China

A scincogekkonomorph lizard. The species is L. acanthocaudata.

Pedrerasaurus[78]

Valid

  • Bolet
  • Evans

Early Cretaceous (late Berriasian-early Valanginan)

Montsec's Formation[disambiguation needed]

 Spain

A scincogekkonomorph lizard. The species is P. latifrontalis.

Tropidophorus bavaricus[54]

Valid

  • Böhme

Miocene (late Karpatian)

 Germany

A lygosomine skink, a species of Tropidophorus.

Varanus debiei[33]

Valid

  • Herman
  • Van Den Eeckhaut

Eocene

 Belgium

A monitor lizard.

Newly named snakes[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Colombophis spinosus[79]

Valid

  • Hsiou, Albino & Ferigolo

Late Miocene

Solimões Formation

 Brazil

An alethinophidian snake, a species of Colombophis.

Kelyophis[80]

Valid

  • Laduke
  • Krause
  • Scanlon
  • Kley

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Maevarano Formation

 Madagascar

A nigerophiid snake

Menarana[80]

Valid

  • Laduke
  • Krause
  • Scanlon
  • Kley

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Maevarano Formation

 Madagascar

A madtsoiid snake

Micronatrix[81]

Valid

  • Parmley & Hunter

Late Miocene (Clarendonian)

 United States

A natricine colubrid snake. The type species is Micronatrix juliescottae.

Sanajeh[82]

Valid

Maastrichtian

Lameta Formation

 India

A madtsoiid snake which preyed on hatchling sauropods.

Model of Sanajeh in a titanosaur nest

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named basal archosauromorphs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Azendohsaurus madagaskarensis[83]

Valid

Ladinian/Carnian

Makay Formation

 Madagascar

A basal archosauromorph.

Bentonyx[84]

Valid

Middle Triassic

Otter Sandstone Formation

 England

A rhynchosaur.

Koilamasuchus[85]

Valid

  • Ezcurra
  • Lecuona
  • Martinelli

Early Triassic

Quebrada de los Fósiles Formation

 Argentina

The best-known basal archosauriform from South America.

Megalancosaurus endennae[86]

Valid

Alaunian (early Norian)

Zorzino Limestone Formation

 Italy

A drepanosaurid that is known from MBSN 25, a partial skeleton (Partial postcranial skeleton).

Teyumbaita[87]

Valid

  • Montefeltro
  • Langer
  • Schultz

Late Triassic

Caturrita Formation

 Brazil

A rhynchosaur. A new genus for "Scaphonyx" sulcognathus (Azevedo & Schultz, 1987).

Uatchitodon schneideri[88]

Valid

  • Mitchell
  • Heckert
  • Sues

Late Triassic

Cumnock Formation
Bluewater Creek Formation

 USA

A venomous archosauriform known only from isolated teeth.

Vallesaurus zorzinensis[86]

Valid

Alaunian (early Norian)

Zorzino Limestone Formation

 Italy

A basal drepanosauromorph that is known from MCSNB 4783, a set of vertebrae and hindlimbs.

Newly named crurotarsans[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Baurusuchus albertoi[89]

Valid

  • Nascimento
  • Zaher

Turonian/Santonian

Adamantina Formation

 Brazil

Crocodylus anthropophagus[90]

Valid

Plio-Pleistocene

 Tanzania

A horned crocodile that preyed on early hominids

Mandibular remains of Crocodylus anthropophagus
Postcranial remains of Crocodylus anthropophagus

Cerrejonisuchus[91]

Valid

Paleocene

Cerrejón Formation

 Colombia

A short-snouted dyrosaurid which had a generalist feeding strategy. It grew to lengths of about 7 feet.

Diplocynodon elavericus[92]

Valid

  • Martin

Late Eocene

 France

Mandibular remains of Diplocynodon
Remains of Diplocynodon.

Eoneustes[93]

Valid

  • Young
  • Brusatte
  • Ruta
  • de Andrade

Bathonian

 France

A new genus for "Teleidosaurus" gaudryi (Collot, 1905). "Metriorhynchus" bathonicus (Mercier, 1933) is a second species of Eoneustes.

Gracilineustes[93]

Valid

  • Young
  • Brusatte
  • Ruta
  • de Andrade

Callovian/Kimmeridgian

Oxford Clay

 France
 England

A new genus for "Metriorhynchus" leedsi (Andrews, 1913). "Metriorhynchus" acutus (Lennier, 1887) is a second species of Gracilineustes.

Krabisuchus[94]

Valid

  • Martin
  • Lauprasert

Late Eocene

 Thailand

An early alligatorine.

Pakasuchus[95]

Valid

Albian

 Tanzania

Pravusuchus[96]

Valid

  • Stocker

Norian

Chinle Formation

 USA

A phytosaur.

Stagonolepis olenkae[97]

Valid

  • Sulej

Late Carnian

Krasiejów deposits

 Poland

Theriosuchus sympiestodon[98]

Valid

  • Martin
  • Rabi
  • Csiki

Maastrichtian

Haţeg Basin

 Romania

A fourth species of Theriosuchus.

Torvoneustes[99]

Valid

Kimmeridgian

Kimmeridge Clay

 UK

A new genus for "Dakosaurus" carpenteri (Wilkinson et al., 2008)

Tsoabichi[100]

Valid

  • Brochu

Eocene (Wasatchian)

Green River Formation

 USA

An early caiman.

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Agapornis atlanticus[101]

Valid

  • Mourer-Chauviré & Geraads

Late Pliocene

A lovebird.

Ankonetta[102]

Valid

  • Cenizo & Agnolín

Early or middle Miocene

Santa Cruz Formation

A basal member of Anatidae. The type species is Ankonetta larriestrai.

Aquila bullockensis[103]

Valid

  • Gaff
  • Boles

Middle Miocene

Bullock Creek

Oldest Aquila species in Australia

Bauxitornis[104]

Valid

  • Dyke
  • Ősi

Santonian

Csehbánya Formation

An avisaurid enantiornithine.

?Borvocarbo tardatus[105]

Valid

  • Göhlich & Mourer-Chauviré

Early Miocene

A phalacrocoracoid pelecaniform, possibly a species of Borvocarbo.

Camptodontus[106]

Valid

Aptian

Jiufotang Formation

An longipterygid enantiornithine.

Confuciusornis jianchangensis[107]

Valid

  • Li
  • Wang
  • Hou

Aptian

Jiufotang Formation

A fourth valid species of Confuciusornis. It is known from a single skeleton.

Eozygodactylus[108]

Valid

  • Weidig

Eocene (Wasatchian)

Green River Formation

A zygodactylid. The type species is Eozygodactylus americanus.

Flexomornis[109]

Valid

  • Tykoski
  • Fiorillo

Campanian

Woodbine Formation

An enantiornithine.

Geronticus olsoni[101]

Valid

  • Mourer-Chauviré & Geraads

Late Pliocene

An ibis, a species of Geronticus.

Hollanda[110]

Valid

Campanian

Barun Goyot Formation

A predatory ground bird known from an unusual hind limb.

Huoshanornis[111]

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Jiufotang Formation

An enantiornithine.

Inkayacu[112]

Valid

Late Eocene

Ica Region

A giant penguin.

Intiornis[113]

Valid

  • Novas
  • Agnolín
  • Scanferla

Campanian

Las Curtiembres Formation

An avisaurid enantiornithine.

Lamarqueavis[114]

Valid

  • Agnolin

Late Cretaceous (Campanian or Maastrichtian)

Allen Formation Lance Formation

A relative of Cimolopteryx. The type species is Lamarqueavis australis; genus also contains species "Cimolopteryx" minima Brodkorb (1963) and "C." petra Hope (2002).

Leptoptilos robustus[115]

Valid

  • Meijer
  • Due

Late Pleistocene

Liang Bua

A giant marabou stork.

Longicrusavis[116]

Valid

  • O'Connor
  • Gao
  • Chiappe

Barremian

Yixian Formation

A hongshanornithid.

Lophogallus[117]

Valid

  • Zelenkov
  • Kurochkin

Middle Miocene

Naran Bulak Formatiom

A phasianid.

Matuku[118]

Valid

  • Scofield, Worthy & Tennyson

Early Miocene

Bannockburn Formation

A heron. The type species is Matuku otagoense.

Mogontiacopsitta[119]

Valid

  • Mayr

Late Oligocene/ Early Miocene

Mainz Basin

A small parrot.

Oraristrix[120]

Valid

  • Campbell & Bocheński

Late Pleistocene

La Brea Tar Pits

A true owl, a new genus for "Strix" brea Howard (1933).

Palaelodus aotearoa[121]

Valid

  • Worthy et al.

Early Miocene

Bannockburn Formation

A palaelodid, a species of Palaelodus.

Pelagornis chilensis[122]

Valid

  • Mayr
  • Rubilar-Rogers

Miocene

Bahia Inglesa Formation

A pseudotooth bird with a large wingspan

Perplexicervix[123]

Valid

  • Mayr

Middle Eocene

Messel pit

A member of Neognathae of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Perplexicervix microcephalon.

Plioperdix africana[101]

Valid

  • Mourer-Chauviré & Geraads

Late Pliocene

A phasianid galliform, a species of Plioperdix.

Rhenanorallus[119]

Valid

  • Mayr

Late Oligocene/ Early Miocene

Mainz Basin

A small rail.

Shenqiornis[124]

Valid

Aptian

Qiaotou Formation

An enantiornithine.

Shenshiornis[125]

Valid

Aptian

Jiufotang Formation

An sapeornithid.

Zhongjianornis[126]

Valid

  • Zhou
  • Zhang
  • Li

Aptian

Jiufotang Formation

A beaked basal avialan

Newly named basal dinosauriforms[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Asilisaurus[127]

Valid

Anisian

Manda Beds

A silesaurid, and the oldest known ornithodire.

Newly named non-avian dinosaurs[edit]

62 new genera and additional 2 new species have been described in 2010.

Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aardonyx[130]

Valid

Hettangian

Elliot Formation

A facultively quadrupedal prosauropod which displays transitional characters connecting more primitive obligate bipedal forms with the more derived obligative quadrupedal sauropodomorphs.

Abydosaurus[131]

Valid

Albian

Cedar Mountain Formation

A narrow toothed brachiosaurid whose remains include the first known cranial material of any Cretaceous sauropod from the Americas.

Ajkaceratops[132]

Valid

  • Ösi
  • Butler
  • Weishampel

Santonian

Csehbánya Formation

A coronosaurian ceratopsian.

Archaeoceratops yujingziensis[133]

Valid

  • You
  • Tanque
  • Dodson

?Aptian–Albian

Xinminpu Group

A second species of Archaeoceratops.

Arkharavia[134]

Nomen Dubium

  • Alifanov
  • Bolotsky

Maastrichtian

Udurchukan Formation

A Somphospondylan Sauropod known only from a single weakly heterocoelous tail vertebrae. Heterocoelous vertebrae are those where the centrum or body of a vertebra has saddle-shaped surface where it meets the vertebrae both in front and behind it.

Atsinganosaurus[135]

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Grès à Reptiles Formation

A titanosaur

Austrocheirus[136]

Valid

  • Ezcurra
  • Agnolin
  • Novas

2002[136]

Maastrichtian

Pari Aike Formation

A basal abelisauroid

Balaur[137]

Valid

Maastrichtian

Sebeş Formation

A four-toed, two-fingered dromaeosaurid with twin killing claws.

Banji[138]

Valid

Maastrichtian

Nanxiong Formation

An oviraptorid known from a skull with a striated crest.

Barilium[139]

Valid

  • Norman

Early Valanginian

Wealden Group

A new genus for "Iguanodon" dawsoni (Lydekker, 1888).

Beishanlong[140]

Valid

Aptian-Albian

Xinminpu Group

A giant ornithomimosaur.

Bistahieversor[141]

Valid

  • Carr
  • Williamson

Campanian

Kirtland Formation

A 30 foot tyrannosauroid known from the remains of both adults and juveniles. Previously considered a species of Daspletosaurus.

Blasisaurus[142]

Valid

  • Cruzado-Caballero
  • Pereda-Suberbiola
  • Ruiz-Omeñaca

Late Maastrichtian

Arén Formation

A lambeosaurine hadrosaurid

Bolong[143]

Valid

  • Wu
  • Godefroit
  • Hu

Early Cretaceous

Yixian Formation

An iguanodontoid

Chromogisaurus[144]

Valid

  • Ezcurra

Late Triassic

Ischigualasto Formation

A guaibasaurid sauropodomorph

Chuxiongosaurus[145]

Valid

Early Jurassic

Lower Lufeng Formation

A prosauropod.

Coahuilaceratops[146]

Valid

Campanian

Cerro del Pueblo Formation

A chasmosaurine ceratopsid with the largest horns of any dinosaur currently known.[147]

Concavenator[148]

Valid

  • Ortega
  • Escaso
  • Sanz

Barremian

Calizas de La Huérguina Formation

A carcharodontosaurid with a pointed, hump-like crest near the hips and bumps on the ulnae that may be quill knobs.

Cruxicheiros[149]

Valid

  • Benson
  • Radley

early 1960s[149]

Lower Bathonian

Chipping Norton Formation

A large basal tetanuran known from scant remains.

Diabloceratops[150]

Valid

  • Kirkland
  • DeBlieux

Middle Campanian

Wahweap Formation

A centrosaurine ceratopsid.

Duriatitan[151]

Valid

  • Barrett
  • Benson
  • Upchurch

Late Jurassic

Kimmeridge Clay Formation

A titanosauriform sauropod

Fruitadens[152]

Valid

late 1970s[152]

Lower Tithonian

Morrison Formation

A heterodontosaurid and the smallest known ornithischian dinosaur.

Fukuititan[153]

Valid

  • Azuma
  • Shibata

Barremian

Kitadani Formation

A titanosauriform sauropod.

Geminiraptor[154]

Valid

?lower Barremian

Cedar Mountain Formation

A troodontid.

Glishades[155]

Valid

  • Prieto-Márquez

Campanian

Two Medicine Formation

A basal hadrosauroid

Haplocheirus[156]

Valid

2004[157]

Oxfordian

Shishugou Formation

The most primitive known alvarezsauroid.

Hippodraco[158]

Valid

Upper Barremian-lowermost Aptian

Cedar Mountain Formation

A basal iguanodontian

Hypselospinus[139]

Valid

  • Norman

Early Valanginian

Wealden Group

A new genus for "Iguanodon" fittoni (Lydekker, 1889).

Ignavusaurus[159]

Junior synonym of Massospondylus

  • Knoll

Hettangian

Elliot Formation

Originally interpreted as a distinct basal sauropodomorph, but now appears to be a misidentified juvenile Massospondylus specimen.

Iguanacolossus[158]

Valid

?lower Barremian

Cedar Mountain Formation

A basal iguanodontian

Jeyawati[160]

Valid

  • Mcdonald
  • Wolfe
  • Kirkland

Turonian

Moreno Hill Formation

Basal hadrosauroid.

Kayentavenator[161]

Valid

  • Gay

Sinemurian/Pliensbachian

Kayenta Formation

A basal tetanuran

Kileskus[162]

Valid

  • Averianov
  • Krasnolutskii
  • Ivantsov

Bathonian

Itat Formation

A tyrannosauroid

Kosmoceratops[163]

Valid

Late Campanian

Kaiparowits Formation

A chasmosaurine ceratopsid.

Kukufeldia[164]

Valid

  • McDonald
  • Barrett
  • Chapman

1848

Barremian

Wealden Formation

A basal iguanodont, formerly classified as Iguanodon anglicus

Linheraptor[165]

Valid

Campanian

Bayan Mandahu Formation

A dromaeosaurid

Liubangosaurus[166]

Valid

  • Mo
  • Xu
  • Buffetaut

Early Cretaceous

Napai Formation

An eusauropod.

Machairasaurus[167]

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Bayan Mandahu Formation

An ingeniine oviraptorid.

Medusaceratops[168]

Valid

  • Ryan
  • Russell
  • Hartman

Campanian

Judith River Formation

A chasmosaurine ceratopsid.

Mojoceratops[169]

Valid

  • Longrich

Late Campanian

Dinosaur Park Formation

A long-horned chasmosaurine ceratopsid.

Ojoceratops[170]

Valid

  • Sullivan
  • Lucas

Late Cretaceous

Ojo Alamo Formation

A chasmosaurine ceratopsid.

Paludititan[171]

Valid

Maastrichtian

Haţeg Basin

A titanosaur

Panamericansaurus[172]

Valid

  • Calvo
  • Porfiri

Campanian-Maastrichtian

Allen Formation

An aeolosaurini titanosaur

Pneumatoraptor[173]

Valid

  • Ősi
  • Apesteguía
  • Kowalewski

Santonian

Csehbánya Formation

A small bird-like paravian estimated to reach slightly more than two feet in length.

Proplanicoxa[174]

Valid

  • Carpenter
  • Ishida

Late Barremian

Wessex Formation

A basal iguanodont

Psittacosaurus gobiensis[175]

Valid

  • Sereno
  • Zhao
  • Tan

Lower Cretaceous

Bayan Gobi Formation

A ninth or eleventh species of Psittacosaurus.

Rahiolisaurus[176]

Valid

Maastrichtian

Lameta Formation

An abelisaurid

Rubeosaurus[177]

Valid

  • McDonald
  • Horner

Campanian

Two Medicine Formation

A new genus for "Styracosaurus" ovatus Gilmore, 1930.

Sanjuansaurus[178]

Valid

  • Alcober
  • Martinez

Late Carnian

Ischigualasto Formation

A herrerasaurid

Seitaad[179]

Valid

  • Sertich
  • Loewen

2005[180]

Pleinsbachian

Navajo Sandstone

A basal sauropodomorph

Sellacoxa[174]

Valid

  • Carpenter
  • Ishida

Early Valanginian

Wealden Group

A basal iguanodont

Sinoceratops[181]

Valid

Upper Cretaceous

Wangshi Group

A basal centrosaurine.

Tatankaceratops[182]

Valid

  • Ott
  • Larson

Maastrichtian

Hell Creek Formation

A chasmosaurine ceratopsid.

Texacephale[183]

Valid

  • Longrich
  • Sankey
  • Tanke

Upper Campanian

Aguja Formation

A basal pachycephalosaur.

Tianyuraptor[184]

Valid

Early Cretaceous

Yixian Formation

A short-armed dromaeosaurid.

Tonganosaurus[185]

Valid

Early Jurassic

Yimen Formation

A mamenchisaurid sauropod.

Torilion[174]

Junior synonym

  • Carpenter
  • Ishida

Mid Valanginian

Wadhurst Clay

Junior synonym of Barilium

Utahceratops[163]

Valid

Late Campanian

Kaiparowits Formation

A chasmosaurine ceratopsid.

Vagaceratops[163]

Valid

Late Campanian

Dinosaur Park Formation

A chasmosaurine ceratopsid. A new genus for "Chasmosaurus" irvinensis Holmes et al., 2001.

Wadhurstia[174]

Junior synonym

  • Carpenter
  • Ishida

Early Valanginian

Wadhurst Clay

Junior synonym of Hypselospinus

Willinakaqe[186]

Valid

late Campanian-early Maastrichtian

Allen Formation

Second hadrosauroid from South America.

Xiongguanlong[187]

Valid

Aptian–Albian

Xinminpu Group

A longirostrine tyrannosauroid.

Xixianykus[188]

Valid

Campanian

Majiacun Formation

A parvicursorine.

Xixiasaurus[189]

Valid

Campanian

Majiacun Formation

A troodontid.

Xixiposaurus[190]

Valid

  • Sekiya

Lower Jurassic

Lower Lufeng Formation

A prosauropod.

Zhuchengceratops[191]

Valid

Upper Cretaceous

Wangshi Group

A leptoceratopsid.

Zuolong[192]

Valid

Oxfordian

Shishugou Formation

Basal coelurosaur

Newly named pterosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aetodactylus[193]

Valid

  • Myers

Cenomanian

Tarrant Formation

 United States

An ornithocheirid known only from a partial lower jaw.

Alanqa[194]

Valid

Late Cretaceous

Kem Kem Beds

 Morocco

An azhdarchid known only from five fragments of the front upper and lower jaws, and possibly a neck vertebra.

Archaeoistiodactylus[195]

Valid

  • Fucha

Middle Jurassic

Tiaojishan Formation

An istiodactylid[195] or a poorly preserved specimen of Darwinopterus.[196]

Darwinopterus[197]

Valid

Oxfordian

Tiaojishan Formation

 China

A wukongopterid that was described as a derived rhamphorhynchoid with transitional characters connecting it with pterodactyloids.

D. linglongtaensis[198]

Valid

Late Jurassic

Daohugou Formation?

 China

A second species of Darwinopterus

Dawndraco[199]

Valid

  • Kellner

Late Coniacian/Early Santonian

Niobrara Formation

 USA

A pteranodontid. The type species is Dawndraco kanzai.

Faxinalipterus[200]

Valid

Late Triassic

Caturrita Formation

 Brazil

Fenghuangopterus[201]

Valid

  • Fucha
  • Chen

Middle Jurassic

Tiaojishan Formation

 China

An earliest scaphognathine pterosaur.

Geosternbergia maiseyi[199]

Valid

  • Kellner

Late Coniacian - Early Campanian

Sharon Springs Formation

 USA

A pteranodontid.

Kunpengopterus[198]

Valid

Late Jurassic

Daohugou Formation?

 China

A wukongopterid. The type species is Kunpengopterus sinensis.

Prejanopterus[202]

Valid

  • Vidarte
  • Calvo

Lower Aptian

Leza Formation

 Spain

Sericipterus[203]

Valid

  • Andres
  • Clark
  • Xing

Oxfordian

Shishugou Formation

 China

A rhamphorhynchid with a nearly six foot wingspan.

Zhenyuanopterus[204]

Valid

Barremian

Yixian Formation

 China

A boreopterid.

Synapsids[edit]

Newly named non-mammalian synapsids[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Beishanodon[205]

Valid

Lower Triassic

Hongyanjing Formation

 China

An eucynodont. The type species is Beishanodon youngi.

Chiniquodon kalanoro[206]

Valid

Middle Triassic? (Ladinian or Carnian)

Makay Formation

 Madagascar

A cynodont.

Kombuisia antarctica[207]

Valid

  • Fröbisch
  • Angiekczyk
  • Sidor

Early Triassic (Induan)

Fremouw Formation

 Antarctica

A dicynodont.

Minicynodon[73]

Valid

Carnian - Norian

Caturrita Formation

 Brazil

A brasilodontid cynodont.

Prosictodon[208]

Valid

  • Angielczyk
  • Rubidge

Middle Permian

Abrahamskraal formation

 South Africa

A pylaecephalid dicynodont. The type species is Prosictodon dubei.

Trucidocynodon[209]

Valid

  • Oliveira
  • Soares
  • Schultz

Upper Triassic

Santa Maria Formation

 Brazil

A cynodont. The type species is Trucidocynodon riograndensis.

Newly named non-eutherian mammals[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Acinacodus[210]

Valid

  • Lopatin
  • Maschenko
  • Averianov

Early Cretaceous

Western Siberia

 Russia

An amphidontid 'eutriconodont'.

Galadi[211]

Valid

Oligo-Miocene

 Australia

A bandicoot.

Heishanobaatar[212]

Valid

Aptian/Albian

Shahai and Fuxin formations

 China

An eobaatarid multituberculate.

Hutegotherium[213]

Valid

Bathonian

Itat Formation

 Russia

A tegotheriid docodont. The type species is H. yaomingi.

Juchilestes[214]

Valid

Lower Aptian

Yixian Formation

 China

An amphidontid 'eutriconodont'. The type species is J. liaoningensis.

Kielanobaatar[212]

Valid

Aptian/Albian

Shahai and Fuxin formations

 China

An albionbaatarid multituberculate.

Leptalestes toevsi[215]

Valid

  • Hunter
  • Heinrich
  • Weishampel

Late Cretaceous

St. Mary River Formation

 USA

A metatherian, a species of Leptalestes.

Nanolestes mackennai[216]

Valid

  • Martin
  • Averianov
  • Pfretzschner

Oxfordian

Qigu Formation

 China

An amphitheriid, a species of Nanolestes.

Nidimys[215]

Valid

  • Hunter
  • Heinrich
  • Weishampel

Upper Cretaceous

St. Mary River Formation

 USA

A neoplagiaulacid multituberculate. The type species is N. occultus.

Paracimexomys propriscus[215]

Valid

  • Hunter
  • Heinrich
  • Weishampel

Late Cretaceous

St. Mary River Formation

 USA

A multituberculate, a species of Paracimexomys.

Paressonodon[217]

Valid

  • Wilson
  • Dechesne
  • Anderson

Late Cretaceous

Laramie Formation

 USA

A neoplagiaulacid multituberculate. The type species is P. nelsoni.

Parikimys[217]

Valid

  • Wilson
  • Dechesne
  • Anderson

Late Cretaceous

Laramie Formation

 USA

A cimolomyid multituberculate. The type species is P. carpenteri.

Paritatodon[218]

Valid

  • Martin
  • Averianov

Middle Jurassic (Callovian)

Balabansai Formation

 Kyrgyzstan

A basal docodont. A new genus for "Shuotherium" kermacki Sigogneau-Russell, 1988.

Sineleutherus[216]

Valid

  • Martin
  • Averianov
  • Pfretzschner

Oxfordian

Qigu Formation

 China

A eleutherodontid allotherian.

Newly named eutherians[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Acristatherium[219]

Valid

Aptian

Yixian Formation

 China

An early eutherian

Afrotragulus[2]

Valid

Early Miocene

Lothidok Formation

 Kenya

A tragulid ruminant.

Ageitonomys[220]

Valid

  • Wang Ban-Yue

Early Oligocene

Ulantatal Formation

 China

A ctenodactyloid rodent. The species is A. neimongolensis.

Alloeumyarion[221]

Valid

  • Qiu Zhu-Ding

Early Miocene

Xiacaowan Formation

 China

A eumyarionine cricetid. The species is A. sihongensis.

Altanius magnus[222]

Valid

  • Maschenko & Takai

Early Eocene

Naran Bulak Formation

 Mongolia

A primate of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Altanius.

Australopithecus sediba[223]

Valid

Late Tertiary to Early Quaternary

Cradle of Humankind

 South Africa

One of the youngest known australopithecines to date.

Basirepomys[224]

Valid

  • Kortha
  • De Blieux

Late Hemphillian (Late Miocene)

Sevier River Formation

 USA

Species:

  • B. pliocenicus (previously Peromyscus pliocenicus Wilson 1937) (type)
  • B. robertsi

Batodonoides walshi[225]

Valid

  • Kelly

Middle Eocene

Sespe Formation

 United States

A shrew-like mammal, a species of Batodonoides.

Chasicotatus powelli[226]

Valid

  • Scillato–Yané, Krmpotic & Esteban

Late Miocene (Huayquerian)

 Argentina

An euphractine armadillo related to Eutatus, a species of Chasicotatus.

Chasicotatus spinozai[226]

Valid

  • Scillato–Yané, Krmpotic & Esteban

Late Miocene (Huayquerian)

 Argentina

An euphractine armadillo related to Eutatus, a species of Chasicotatus.

Damalborea[227]

Valid

  • Gentry

Middle Pliocene

Hadar Formation

 Ethiopia

An alcelaphine bovid. Its type species is Damalborea elisabethae.

Darocasorex[228]

Valid

  • van Dam

Miocene

An anourosoricini soricidae.

Dawsonicyon[229]

Valid

  • Spaulding
  • Flynn
  • Stucky

Middle Eocene

Bridger Formation

 USA

A basal carnivoramorphan.

Dimaitherium[230]

Valid

  • Barrow
  • Seiffert
  • Simons

early Late Eocene (early Priabonian)

Birket Qarun Formation

 Egypt

A hyracoid. The type species is D. patnaiki.

Dilambdogale[231]

Valid

  • Seiffert

Earliest Priabonian

Birket Qarun Formation

 Egypt

The oldest known afrosoricid.

Diunatans[232]

Valid

  • Bosselaers
  • Post

Early Pliocene (Zanclean)

Kattendijk Formation

 Netherlands

A small rorqual whale

Edworthia[233]

Valid

  • Fox
  • Scott
  • Rankin

Middle Torrejonian

Paskapoo Formation

 Canada

A primitive paromomyid plesiadapiform.

Erlianomys[234]

Valid

  • Li Qian
  • Meng Jin

Early Eocene

Arshanto Formation

 China

A primitive myodont rodent. The species is E. combinatus.

Geringia copiosus[235]

Valid

  • Korth

Late Oligocene

 United States

A cricetid rodent, a species of Geringia.

Gracilocyon[236]

Valid

  • Smith
  • Smith

earliest Eocene

 Belgium  USA

A miacid carnivoran.

Guiomys[237]

Valid

  • Pérez

Middle Miocene

 Argentina

A primitive cavioid rodent.

Homo gautengensis[238]

Valid

  • Curnoe

Pleistocene

Cradle of Humankind

 South Africa

Identification of H. gautengensis was based on partial skulls, several jaws, teeth and other bones found at various times at the Caves. It emerged over 2 million years ago and died out approximately 600,000 years ago, and is believed to have arisen earlier than Homo habilis.

Joumocetus[239]

Valid

  • Kimura
  • Hasegawa

earliest Late Miocene

Haraichi Formation

 Japan

A cetotheriid whale. The type species is J. shimizui.

Kabirmys[240]

Valid

earliest late Eocene

Birket Qarun Formation

 Egypt

An anomaluroid rodent.

Komba walkeri[241]

Valid

  • Harrison

Early Miocene

 Kenya

A galago.

Kutchisiren[242]

Valid

Miocene

Khari Nadi Formation

 India

A new name for Kotadasiren gracilis Das & Basu, 1994 (nomen nudum). The type species is Kutchisiren cylindrica.

Leidymys juxtaparvulus[235]

Valid

  • Korth

Late Oligocene

 United States

A cricetid rodent, a species of Leidymys.

Lestobradys[243]

Valid

  • Rinderknechta
  • Bostelmann
  • et al.[CAL 62]

Late Miocene (Huayquerian)

Camacho Formation

 Uruguay

A mylodontid. The type species is L. sprechmanni.

Livyatan[244]

Valid

Miocene

Pisco Formation

 Peru

A physeteroid whale. The type species is L. melvillei.

Mazateronodon[245]

Valid

  • Marigó, Minwer-Barakat & Moyà-Solà

Middle Eocene

 Spain

A notharctid adapiform. The type species is Mazateronodon endemicus.

Mendozahippus[246]

Valid

  • Cerdeño
  • Vera

Late Oligocene

Agua de la Piedra Formation

 Argentina

A notohippid notoungulate.

Metaliomys[224]

Valid

  • Kortha
  • De Blieux

Late Hemphillian (Late Miocene)

Sevier River Formation

 USA

Species: Metaliomys sevierensis

Omoiosicista[239]

Valid

  • Kimura

Early Miocene

 China

A dipodid rodent.

Orelladjidaumo amplus[247]

Valid

  • Korth

Late Oligocene

 United States

An eomyid rodent, a species of Orelladjidaumo.

Paciculus dakotensis[235]

Valid

  • Korth

Late Oligocene

 United States

A cricetid rodent, a species of Paciculus.

Plesiobalaenoptera[248]

Valid

  • Bisconti

Late Miocene (Tortonian)

Sediments of the Stirone River

 Italy

A parabalaenopterine balaenopterid. The type species is P. quarantellii.

Platalearostrum[249]

Valid

  • Post
  • Kompanje

early or middle Pleistocene

 the Netherlands

A prehistoric pilot whale (Family Delphinidae). The type species is P. hoekmani

Presbytherium[250]

Valid

  • Scott

Paleocene

Paskapoo Formation

 Canada

A cyriacotheriid pantodont. Species:

  • P. rhodorugatus
  • P. taurus

Rusingaceros[251]

Valid

  • Geraads

Miocene

 Kenya

A rhinoceros, a new genus for "Dicerorhinus" leakeyi (Hooijer, 1966).

Saadanius[252]

Valid

Oligocene

Shumaysi Formation

 Saudi Arabia

A catarrhine primate. The species was named S. hijazensis.

Simiolus andrewsi[253]

Valid

  • Harrison

Middle Miocene

 Kenya

A dendropithecid.

Sinodonomys[239]

Valid

  • Kimura

Early Miocene

 China

A dipodid rodent.

Qatranilestes[231]

Valid

  • Seiffert

Rupelian

Jebel Qatrani Formation

 Egypt

The youngest known afrosoricid.

Plants[edit]

Angiosperms[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cornus piggae[254]

Sp nov

Valid

Manchester, Xiang, and Xiang

Tiffanian

Sentinel Butte Formation, North Dakota

Oldest member of Cornus subgenus Cornus.

Hymenaea allendis[255]

sp nov

Valid

Calvillo-Canadell, Cevallos-Ferriz & Rico-Arce

Late Oligocene - Early Miocene

Mexican amber

 Mexico

Second Hymenaea sp. from Mexican amber

Ploufolia[256]

Gen. nov.

Valid

Sender et al.

Albian

Utrillas Formation

Sagaria[257]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Bravia, Barone Lumagab, & Mickle

Middle Albian

Monti Alburni, near Petina

Solaranthus[258]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Shaolin Zheng & Xin Wang

Middle Jurassic

Jiulongshan Formation

An early flowering plant.

Xingxueanthus[259]

Gen et sp nov

Valid

Xin Wang & Shijun Wang

Middle Jurassic

Haifanggou Formation

An early flowering plant.

Footnotes[edit]

Complete author list[edit]

As science becomes more collaborative, papers with large numbers of authors are becoming more common. To prevent the deformation of the tables, these footnotes list the contributors to papers that erect new genera and have many authors.

  1. ^ Caron, Gaines, Mángano, Streng, Daley.
  2. ^ Klug, Tütken, Wings, Pfretzschner, Martin.
  3. ^ a b Friedman, Shimada, Martin, Everhart, Liston, Maltese, Triebold.
  4. ^ Pardo, Huttenlocker, Small, Gorman II.
  5. ^ Berman, Henrici, Brezinski, Kollar.
  6. ^ Modesto, Scott, Botha-Brink, Reisz.
  7. ^ Sumida, Dodick, Metcalf, Albright.
  8. ^ a b Bonaparte, Schultz, Soares, Martinelli.
  9. ^ Wilson, Mohabey, Peters, Head.
  10. ^ Flynn, Nesbitt, Parrish, Ranivoharimanana, Wyss.
  11. ^ Langer, Montefeltro, Hone, Whatley, Schultz.
  12. ^ a b Renesto, Spielmann, Lucas, Tarditi Spagnoli.
  13. ^ Brochu, Njau, Blumenschine, Densmore.
  14. ^ Hastings, Bloch, Cadena, Jaramillo.
  15. ^ O'Connor, Sertich, Stevens, Roberts, Gottfried, Hieronymus, Jinnah, Ridgely Ngasala, Temba
  16. ^ Andrade, Young, Desojo, Brusatte
  17. ^ Li, Gong, Zhang, Yang, Hou.
  18. ^ Bell, Chiappe, Erickson, Suzuki, Watabe, Barsbold, Tsogtbaatar.
  19. ^ Wang, Zhang, Gao, Hou, Meng, Liu.
  20. ^ Clarke, Ksepka, Salas-Gismondi, Altamirano, Shawkey, D’Alba, Vinther, DeVries, Baby.
  21. ^ Wang, O'Connor, Zhao, Chiappe, Gao, Cheng.
  22. ^ Hu, Li, Hou, Xu.
  23. ^ Nesbitt, Sidor, Irmis, Angielczyk, Smith, Tsuji.
  24. ^ Yates, Bonnan, Neveling, Chinsamy, and Blackbeard.
  25. ^ Chure, Britt, Whitlock, Wilson.
  26. ^ Garcia, Amico, Fournier, Thouand, Valentin.
  27. ^ Csiki, Vremir, Brusatte, Norell.
  28. ^ Makovicky, Li, Gao, Lewin, Erickson, Norell.
  29. ^ Lü, Kobayashi, Li, Zhong.
  30. ^ Loewen, Sampson, Lund, Farke, Aguillón-Martínez, de Leon, Rodríguez-de la Rosa, Getty, Eberth.
  31. ^ Butler, Galton, Porro, Chiappe, Henderson, Erickson.
  32. ^ Senter, Kirkland, Bird, Bartlett
  33. ^ Choiniere, Xu, Clark, Forster, Guo, Han.
  34. ^ a b Andrew T. McDonald, James I. Kirkland, Donald D. DeBlieux, Scott K. Madsen, Jennifer Cavin, Andrew R. C. Milner, Lukas Panzarin
  35. ^ a b c Sampson, Loewen, Farke, Roberts, Forster, Smith, Titus.
  36. ^ Xu, Choinere, Pittman, Tan, Xiao, Li, Tan, Clark, Norell, Hone, Sullivan.
  37. ^ Csiki, Codrea, Jipa-Murzea, Godefroit.
  38. ^ Novas, Chatterjee, Rudra, Datta.
  39. ^ Xu, Wang, Zhao, Li.
  40. ^ Zheng, Xu, You, Zhao, Dong.
  41. ^ Li, Yang, Liu, Wang.
  42. ^ Juárez Valieri, Haro, Fiorelli, Calvo.
  43. ^ Li, Norell, Gao, Smith, Makovicky.
  44. ^ Xu, Wang, Sullivan, Hone, Han, Yan, Du.
  45. ^ Lü, Xu, Liu, Zhang, Jia, Ji.
  46. ^ Xu, Wang, Zhao, Sullivan, Chen.
  47. ^ Choiniere, Clark, Forster, Xu.
  48. ^ Ibrahim, Unwin, Martill, Baidder, Zouhri.
  49. ^ Lü, Unwin, Jin, Liu, Ji.
  50. ^ a b Wang, Kellner, Jiang, Cheng, Meng, Rodrigues.
  51. ^ Gao, Fox, Zhou, Li.
  52. ^ Kammerer, Flynn, Ranivoharimanana, Wyss.
  53. ^ Travouillon, Gurovich, Beck, Muirhead.
  54. ^ a b Kusuhashi, Hu, Wang, Setoguchi, Marsuoka.
  55. ^ Averianov, Lopatin, Krasnolutskii, Ivantsov.
  56. ^ Gao, Wilson, Luo, Maga, Meng, Wang.
  57. ^ Hu, Meng, Li, Wang.
  58. ^ Sánchez, Quiralte, Morales, Pickford.
  59. ^ Berger, de Ruiter, Churchill, Schmid, Carlson, Dirks, Kibii.
  60. ^ Sallam, Seiffert, Simons, Brindley.
  61. ^ Bajpai, Domning, Das, Velez-Juarbe, Mishra.
  62. ^ Rinderknechta, Bostelmann, Pereab, Lecuona.
  63. ^ Lambert, Bianucci, Post, de Muizon, Salas-Gismondi, Urbina, Reumer.
  64. ^ Zalmout, Sanders, MacLatchy, Gunnell, Al-Mufarreh, Ali, Nasser, Al-Masari, Al-Sobhi, Nadhra, Matari, Wilson, Gingerich.

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