2010 in spaceflight

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2010 in spaceflight
SpaceX Dragon COTS-1 launch.jpg
The Dragon capsule's maiden launch aboard a Falcon 9 rocket on 8 December 2010.
Orbital launches
First 16 January
Last 29 December
Total 74
Successes 70
Failures 4
Partial failures 0
Catalogued 70
Rockets
Maiden flights Atlas V 501
Atlas V 531
Falcon 9
GSLV Mk. II
Minotaur IV
Retirements Delta II 7420
Molniya-M
Kosmos-3M
Manned flights
Orbital 7
Total travellers 31

The year 2010 in spaceflight saw a number of notable events in worldwide spaceflight activities. These included the first test flight of the SpaceX Dragon commercial resupply spacecraft, which is intended to resupply the International Space Station (ISS), and the maiden flights of the Falcon 9 and Minotaur IV rockets. In June 2010, South Korea conducted a second Naro-1 launch, after the failure of the rocket's maiden flight in 2009; however, the second attempt also failed. The Kosmos-3M was retired from service, making its final flight in April. The Molniya-M was also retired from service, making its final flight in September.[1]

Overview[edit]

The first suborbital launch of 2010 was conducted at 23:00 GMT on 10 January, when a Black Brant IX sounding rocket was launched as a target for the Boeing YAL-1 airborne-laser platform. On 11 January, China conducted an ABM test, involving two missiles. The first orbital launch occurred at 16:12 UTC on 16 January, when a Long March 3C launched the Compass-G1 navigation satellite from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre.

Seventy-four orbital launches were attempted in 2010, with seventy being successful and four ending in failure. The last orbital launch was made on 29 December, when an Ariane 5ECA launched the Hispasat-1E and Koreasat 6 spacecraft from Guiana Space Centre, near Kourou.

Space exploration[edit]

Akatsuki, the first Japanese mission to Venus, was launched on an H-IIA carrier rocket in May. Despite a successful launch,[2] the spacecraft failed to enter Cytherocentric orbit in December. It was intended to look for lightning and volcanoes on Venus.[3] Engineers plan to re-attempt orbital insertion in 2016 or 2017 if the spacecraft is still operable. IKAROS, the first operational solar sail, was launched on the same rocket as Akatsuki.

The first Japanese asteroid probe, Hayabusa, returned to Earth on 13 June, having landed on 25143 Itokawa in an effort to collect samples.[4] It was also the world's first successful sample return mission from an asteroid.[5]

On 1 October at 10:59:57 UTC, China successfully launched the Chang'e-2 spacecraft, the nation's second mission to explore the Moon. A Long March 3C rocket was used for the launch, which occurred from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre. The spacecraft conducted a mission similar to that of the earlier Chang'e-1 spacecraft, but with a focus on mapping potential landing sites in preparation for the Chang'e-3 unmanned lunar lander.[6]

Manned spaceflight[edit]

Seven manned launches were planned for 2010, with three Space Shuttle missions and four Soyuz flights for International Space Station (ISS) crew rotation. STS-130, using orbiter Endeavour, was the first manned flight of the year, launching on 8 February with the Tranquility node and Cupola for the ISS. On 5 April, Discovery launched on mission STS-131, with the Leonardo MPLM to resupply the outpost.

Soyuz TMA-18 launched the Expedition 23 crew to the ISS on 2 April; it was scheduled to spend around six months docked to the station to facilitate crew escape in an emergency. Shortly before, Soyuz TMA-16 undocked, transporting former ISS crewmembers back to Earth. On 14 May, Space Shuttle Atlantis launched on its second-to-last flight, STS-132, carrying the Rassvet module to the ISS. Soyuz TMA-19 launched with Expedition 24 on 15 June. Soyuz TMA-01M, the first flight of a modernised Soyuz-TMA spacecraft, launched on 8 October with the Expedition 25 crew for the ISS. Then, to end the year, Expedition 26 launched aboard Soyuz TMA-20 on 15 December.

Launch failures[edit]

Four orbital launch failures occurred in 2010, two affecting Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicles, one affecting a Naro-1 rocket, and one affecting a Proton rocket. The first occurred on 15 April, when the GSLV Mk.II launched on its maiden flight. The rocket's third stage malfunctioned, resulting in the stage, and the GSAT-4 satellite, failing to achieve orbit and falling into the sea. The second failure occurred during the second launch of the Naro-1 rocket, carrying the STSAT-2B spacecraft. The rocket exploded 137 seconds into the flight.[7]

The third failure occurred on 5 December, when a Proton-M with the first Blok DM-03 upper stage failed to inject three Glonass-M satellites into orbit. Before launch, the Blok DM was fuelled incorrectly, resulting in the rocket being too heavy to reach its parking orbit.[8] The fourth failure occurred on 25 December 2010, when a GSLV Mk.I exploded during the launch of GSAT-5P. The rocket was destroyed by range safety, after control of the liquid-fuelled boosters attached to the first stage was lost.[9]

Launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January[edit]

10 January
23:00:00[10]
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesSan Nicolas United StatesNASA
United StatesMARTI US Air Force Suborbital Target 10 January Successful
11 January
11:55[11]
ChinaCSS-X-11 ChinaShuangchengzi Space and Missile Center ChinaPLA
PLA Suborbital ABM target 11 January Successful
Target
11 January
12:00
ChinaSC-19 ChinaKorla Missile Test Complex ChinaPLA
PLA Suborbital ABM test 11 January Successful[12]
Interceptor
14 January
06:50[14]
IndiaRH-300 Mk.II IndiaTERLS IndiaISRO
ISRO Suborbital Solar/Aeronomy 14 January Successful
Apogee: 116 km (72 mi)[13]
14 January
07:35[14]
IndiaRH-300 Mk. II IndiaTERLS IndiaISRO
ISRO Suborbital Solar/Aeronomy 14 January Successful
Apogee: 116 km (72 mi)[13]
14 January[14]
07:45
IndiaRH-560 Mk.II IndiaSatish Dhawan IndiaISRO
ISRO Suborbital Solar/Aeronomy 14 January Successful
Apogee: 548 km (341 mi)[13]
15 January
06:50[14]
IndiaRH-300 Mk. II IndiaTERLS IndiaISRO
ISRO Suborbital Solar/Aeronomy 15 January Successful
Apogee: 116 km (72 mi)[13]
15 January
07:35[14]
IndiaRH-300 Mk. II IndiaTERLS IndiaISRO
ISRO Suborbital Solar/Aeronomy 15 January Successful
Apogee: 116 km (72 mi)[13]
15 January
10:30[14]
IndiaRH-300 Mk. II IndiaTERLS IndiaISRO
ISRO Suborbital Solar/Aeronomy 15 January Successful
Apogee: 116 km (72 mi)[13]
15 January[14]
07:45
IndiaRH-560 Mk. II IndiaSatish Dhawan IndiaISRO
ISRO Suborbital Solar/Aeronomy 15 January Successful
Apogee: 523 km (325 mi)[13]
16 January
16:12
ChinaLong March 3C ChinaXichang LA-2 ChinaCNSA
ChinaCompass-G1 CNSA Geostationary Navigation In orbit Operational
27 January
08:25[11]
FranceM51 FranceLe Terrible, Audierne Bay FranceDGA
DGA Suborbital Missile test 27 January Successful
First launch of M51 from a submarine[15]
28 January
00:18
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 RussiaKhrunichev
RussiaGlobus-1M #12L (Raduga-1M 2) VKS Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
31 January
11:40[16]
United StatesUGM-96 Trident I C4 (LV-2) Marshall IslandsMeck United StatesMDA
MDA Suborbital ABM target 30 January Successful[16]
Maiden flight of Trident I in LV-2 configuration, interceptor failed[16]
31 January United StatesGround Based Interceptor United StatesVandenberg LF-23 United StatesMDA
MDA Suborbital ABM test 30 January Spacecraft failure[16]
Radar tracking problem caused by unexpected "chuffing", compounded by thruster problem on interceptor, resulted in failure to intercept Trident[16]

February[edit]

3 February
03:45
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-04M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 1 July
14:40
Successful
ISS flight 36P
3 February IranKavoshgar IranSemnan IranISA
IranKavoshgar-3 ISA Suborbital Biological 3 February Successful[17]
4 February
08:03:07
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesSan Nicolas United StatesNASA
United StatesMARTI US Air Force Suborbital Target 4 February Successful[10]
7 February
05:20
IndiaAgni-III IndiaITR IC-4 IndiaDRDO
DRDO Suborbital Missile test 7 February Successful[18]
Travelled 3,500 km (2,175 mi) downrange
8 February
09:14
United StatesSpace Shuttle Endeavour United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-130 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS Assembly 22 February
03:22
Successful
United NationsTranquility[19] NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS component In orbit Operational
United NationsCupola NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS component In orbit Operational
Manned flight with six astronauts
9 February
09:01:00
United StatesTerrier-Orion United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
Alaska Suborbital Auroral 9 February Successful[10]
11 February
15:23
United StatesAtlas V 401 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-41 United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
United StatesSDO NASA Geosynchronous Solar In orbit Operational
12 February
00:39
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United NationsIntelsat 16 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
12 February
04:44[20]
RussiaR-17 Elbrus United StatesShip, Pacific Ocean United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Target 12 February Successful[20]
Destroyed by Boeing YAL-1 aircraft
12 February
05:31:20
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesSan Nicolas United StatesNASA
United StatesMARTI US Air Force Suborbital Target 12 February Successful[10]
15 February
09:49:11
CanadaBlack Brant XII United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
Dartmouth Suborbital Auroral 15 February Successful[10]
Apogee: 803 km (499 mi)[13]
17 February United StatesJuno United StatesFort Wingate LC-96 United StatesUS Army
US Army Suborbital Target 17 February Successful
Target for MIM-104 Patriot PAC-3 MSE test, successful intercept

March[edit]

1 March
21:19
RussiaProton-M/DM-2 Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 RussiaKhrunichev
RussiaKosmos 2459
(Glonass-M #731)
VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2460
(Glonass-M #732)
VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2461
(Glonass-M #735)
VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
4 March
04:50
RussiaR-29RMU Sineva RussiaK-114 Tula, Barents Sea RussiaVMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 4 March Successful
4 March
23:57
United StatesDelta IV-M+ (4,2) United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-37B United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
United StatesGOES 15 (GOES-P) NOAA/NASA Geostationary Weather In orbit Operational
5 March
04:55
China Long March 4C China Jiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 China CNSA
China Yaogan 9 CNSA Sun-synchronous ELINT In orbit Operational
China Yaogan 9 subsatellite CNSA Sun-synchronous ELINT In orbit Operational
China Yaogan 9 subsatellite CNSA Sun-synchronous ELINT In orbit Operational
First Long March 4 series launch from Jiuquan
15 March India Prithvi IndiaITR IC-4 IndiaDRDO
DRDO Suborbital Target 15 March Launch failure
Target for ABM test, deviated from planned course, interceptor not launched[21]
20 March
18:27
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United StatesEchostar XIV Echostar Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
22 March United StatesTerrier Mk.70-Orion AustraliaWoomera LA-2 AustraliaUnited StatesDSTO/US Air Force
AustraliaUnited StatesHiFire-1 DSTO/US Air Force Suborbital Technology 22 March Successful
Hypersonic research experiment
26 March
13:43
United StatesEuropean UnionMaxus SwedenEsrange European UnionEuroLaunch
SwedenEuropean UnionMAXUS-8 SSC/ESA Suborbital Microgravity 26 March
13:55
Successful[22]
Apogee: 700 km (435 mi)[13]
27 March
00:14[13]
IndiaDhanush[23] India INS Subhadra Indian Ocean IndiaDRDO
DRDO Suborbital Missile test 27 March Successful
27 March
00:18[13]
IndiaPrithvi II[23] India Integrated Test Range IC-3 IndiaDRDO
DRDO Suborbital Missile test 27 March Successful
27 March
14:09:56[24]
United StatesTerrier-Improved Malmute United StatesWallops Island LA-1/50K United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Test flight 27 March Successful
United StatesSOCEM CalPoly Suborbital Technology 27 March Successful
United StatesADAMASat Kentucky Space Suborbital Technology 27 March Successful
Maiden flight of Terrier-Improved Malmute, apogee: 270 km (168 mi)[13]
27 March
19:37[13]
IndiaAgni I[25] India Integrated Test Range IC-4 IndiaIndian Army
Indian Army Suborbital Missile test 28 March Successful

April[edit]

2 April
04:04
RussiaSoyuz-FG KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaSoyuz TMA-18 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS Expedition 23 25 September
05:23
Successful
Manned flight with three cosmonauts
5 April
10:21
United StatesSpace Shuttle Discovery[26] United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-131 NASA Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 20 April
13:08:35
Successful
ItalyUnited StatesLeonardo MPLM ASI/NASA Low Earth (ISS) Logistics Successful
Manned flight with seven astronauts
8 April
13:57
UkraineDnepr-1 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 109/95 RussiaISC Kosmotras
European UnionCryosat-2[27] ESA Low Earth Climatology In orbit Operational
15 April
10:57
IndiaGSLV Mk.II IndiaSatish Dhawan SLP IndiaISRO
IndiaGSAT-4 (HealthSat) ISRO Intended: Geosynchronous Communication
Navigation
15 April Launch failure
Maiden flight of GSLV Mk. II, third stage failure.
16 April
15:00[28]
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 16/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2462 (Kobal't-M) VKS Low Earth Optical imaging 21 July Successful
22 April
23:00[30]
United StatesMinotaur IV Lite United StatesVandenberg SLC-8 United StatesOrbital Sciences
United StatesHTV-2a US Air Force Suborbital Technology 22 April Spacecraft failure[29]
Maiden flight of Minotaur IV, loss of contact with HTV nine minutes after launch.[29]
22 April
23:52[30]
United StatesAtlas V 501 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-41 United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
United StatesUSA-212 (X-37B OTV-1)[30] US Air Force Low Earth Technology 3 December
09:16
Successful
Maiden flight of Atlas V 501 and Boeing X-37B
24 April
11:19
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
NetherlandsSES-1 (OS-1) SES World Skies Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
27 April
01:05
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 132/1 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2463 (Parus) VKS Low Earth Navigation
/Communication
In orbit Operational
Final flight of Kosmos-3M
28 April
17:15
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-05M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 15 November
09:35:39
Successful
ISS flight 37P

May[edit]

3 May
09:47:00
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesSan Nicolas United StatesNASA
United StatesMARTI US Air Force Suborbital Target 3 May Successful
3 May
18:32:00
CanadaBlack Brant IX[32] United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
Colorado Suborbital Geospace/Solar 3 May Successful
Used to calibrate the Solar Dynamics Observatory[31]
4 May
12:41:02[34]
United StatesSpaceLoft XL United StatesSpaceport America United StatesUP Aerospace
United StatesRocketSat CSG Suborbital Technology 4 May Successful
NMSU Suborbital Technology Successful
UNM Suborbital Technology Successful
United StatesPioneer Celestis Suborbital Space burial Successful
Reached an apogee of 113 km (70 mi), successfully recovered.[33]
6 May
03:50[35]
TaiwanSounding Rocket VII TaiwanJiu Peng Air Base TaiwanNSPO
NSPO Suborbital Ionospheric research 6 May Successful
Apogee: 289 km (180 mi)[35]
8 May PakistanGhaznavi PakistanSonmiani PakistanASFC
ASFC Suborbital Missile test 8 May Successful
8 May PakistanShaheen-I PakistanSonmiani PakistanASFC
ASFC Suborbital Missile test 8 May Successful
14 May
18:20
United StatesSpace Shuttle Atlantis[26] United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-132 NASA Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 26 May
12:48:11
Successful
United NationsRassvet (MRM-1) Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS component In orbit Operational
Manned flight with six astronauts
17 May
11:29
IndiaAgni-II IndiaITR IC-3 IndiaIndian Army
Indian Army Suborbital Missile test 17 May Successful
Travelled 2,500 km (1,553 mi) downrange
20 May
21:58:22[38]
JapanH-IIA 202 JapanTanegashima LA-Y1 JapanMitsubishi
JapanAkatsuki (Planet-C) JAXA Heliocentric
Intended: Cytherocentric
Venus orbiter In orbit Spacecraft failure
JapanIKAROS JAXA Heliocentric Solar sail In orbit Operational
JapanWaseda-SAT2 Waseda Low Earth Imaging 15 August[39] Spacecraft failure[36][40]
JapanHayato (K-Sat)[41] Kagoshima Low Earth Atmospheric 8[42] – 14[43] July Partial spacecraft failure
JapanNegai☆'' Soka Low Earth Technology 26 June[44] Successful
JapanShin'en (UNITEC-1)[45] UNISEC Heliocentric Technology In orbit Spacecraft failure[36][46]
JapanDCAM-1 JAXA Heliocentric Technology In orbit Successful
JapanDCAM-2 JAXA Heliocentric Technology In orbit Successful
Waseda-SAT2 never contacted ground, Hayato affected by communications problems, contact lost with Shin'en on 21 May, unclear if data has been received since.[36] DCAM spacecraft deployed from IKAROS and used to observe deployment of the solar sail.[37] Akatsuki malfunctioned during Cytherocentric orbit insertion, and failed to enter orbit
21 May
09:00:00
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
21 May
22:01
European UnionAriane 5ECA FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
LuxembourgAstra 3B SES Astra Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
GermanyCOMSATBw-2 Bundeswehr Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
28 May
03:00
United StatesDelta IV-M+ (4,2) United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-37B United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
United StatesUSA-213 (GPS IIF SV-1) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational

June[edit]

2 June
01:59
RussiaRokot/Briz-KM[47] RussiaPlesetsk Site 133/3 European UnionRussiaEurockot[48]
JapanSERVIS-2 USEF Sun-synchronous Technology In orbit Operational
2 June
15:53:04
ChinaLong March 3C ChinaXichang LA-2 ChinaCNSA
ChinaCompass-G3 CNSA Geostationary Navigation In orbit Operational
3 June
22:00:08
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
Saudi ArabiaBadr-5 ARABSAT Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
4 June
18:45[51]
United StatesFalcon 9[52][53][54] United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-40 United StatesSpaceX[55]
United StatesDSQU SpaceX Low Earth Boilerplate 27 June
00:50[56]
Successful
Maiden flight of Falcon 9[49][50]
6 June
22:25[13]
United StatesGround Based Interceptor United StatesVandenberg LF-24 United StatesMDA
MDA Suborbital Test flight 6 June Successful
Two stage test vehicle, non-intercept test
8 June United StatesUGM-133 Trident II D5 United StatesUSS Maryland, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 8 June Successful
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 42
8 June United StatesUGM-133 Trident II D5 United StatesUSS Maryland, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 8 June Successful
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 42
9 June United StatesUGM-133 Trident II D5 United StatesUSS Maryland, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 9 June Successful
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 43
9 June United StatesUGM-133 Trident II D5 United StatesUSS Maryland, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 9 June Successful
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 43
10 June
08:01[57]
RussiaSouth KoreaNaro-1 South KoreaNaro[58] RussiaSouth KoreaKhrunichev/KARI
South KoreaSTSAT-2B KARI Intended: Low Earth Technology +137 seconds Launch failure
Exploded during first stage burn[7]
15 June
01:39[59]
ChinaLong March 2D ChinaJiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 ChinaCNSA
ChinaShijian XII[60] CNSA Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
15 June
14:42
UkraineDnepr-1[61] RussiaDombarovsky Site 13 RussiaISC Kosmotras
SwedenPrisma-Mango SSC Sun-synchronous[62] Technology In orbit Operational
SwedenPrisma-Tango SSC Sun-synchronous[62] Technology In orbit Operational
FrancePicard CNES Sun-synchronous[62] Solar In orbit Operational
UkraineBPA-1 Hartron-Arkos Sun-synchronous Technology In orbit Operational
BPA-1 intentionally remained attached to upper stage
15 June
21:35
RussiaSoyuz-FG KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaSoyuz TMA-19 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS Expedition 24 26 November
04:46:53
Successful
Manned flight with three cosmonauts
16 June
10:01
United StatesLGM-30G Minuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-10 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 16 June Successful
Travelled 6,743 km (4,190 mi) to Kwajalein Atoll
21 June
02:14
UkraineDnepr-1 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 109/95 RussiaISC Kosmotras
GermanyTanDEM-X DLR Low Earth Radar imaging In orbit Operational
22 June
19:00
IsraelShavit-2 IsraelPalmachim IsraelIsrael Aerospace Industries
IsraelOfek-9[64] IAI/Israeli
  Defense Forces
Low Earth (retrograde) Reconnaissance In orbit Operational[65]
Known as Ofek-8 before launch[63]
24 June
11:17:00
United StatesTerrier-Orion United StatesWallops Island LA-2/MRL United StatesNASA
United StatesRockOn! Colorado Suborbital Student research 24 June Successful
26 June
21:41
European UnionAriane 5ECA[66] FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
Saudi ArabiaArabSat-5A ARABSAT Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
South KoreaChollian (COMS-1) KARI Geosynchronous[67] Communication
Weather
Oceanography
In orbit Operational[68]
30 June
10:40:01[13]
United StatesLGM-30G Minuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-04 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 30 June Successful
30 June
15:35
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-06M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 6 September
12:53:20
Successful
ISS flight 38P

July[edit]

10 July
11:32[69]
FranceM51 FranceLe Terrible, Audierne Bay FranceDGA/Marine nationale
DGA/Marine nationale Suborbital Test flight 10 July Successful
10 July
18:40
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United StatesEchoStar XV Echostar Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
11 July CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United States CIBER Caltech[70] Suborbital Astronomy 11 July Successful
12 July[71]
03:53
IndiaPSLV-CA IndiaSatish Dhawan FLP IndiaISRO
IndiaCartosat-2B ISRO Low Earth Remote sensing In orbit Operational
AlgeriaAlSat-2A ASAL Low Earth Remote sensing In orbit Operational
IndiaStudSat StudSat Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
NorwayAISSat-1 NDRE Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
SwitzerlandTIsat-1 SUPSI Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
AISSat and TIsat cubeSats to be launched as NLS-6, coordinated by UTIAS
27 July IndiaPrithvi IndiaITR IC-4 IndiaDRDO
DRDO Suborbital Target 27 July Successful
Target for ABM test, intercepted successfully by AAD
30 July
18:18
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesSUMI NASA Suborbital Solar 30 July Successful
31 July
21:30
ChinaLong March 3A ChinaXichang LA-3 ChinaCNSA
ChinaCompass-IGSO-1 CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational

August[edit]

4 August
09:15
CanadaBlack Brant X United StatesWallops Island LA-1/50K United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Test flight
Technology
4 August Successful
Tests of Nihka rocket motor, with secondary technology experiments
4 August
20:59
European UnionAriane 5ECA FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
EgyptNilesat-201 Nilesat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
MauritiusRASCOM-QAF 1R RASCOM-QAF Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
6 August[72] RussiaR-29RMU Sineva RussiaK-114 Tula, Barents Sea RussiaVMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 6 August Successful
6 August[72] RussiaR-29RMU Sineva RussiaK-114 Tula, Barents Sea RussiaVMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 6 August Successful
9 August
22:49[73]
ChinaLong March 4C ChinaTaiyuan LC-2 ChinaCNSA
ChinaYaogan 10 CNSA Sun-synchronous Remote sensing In orbit Operational
14 August
11:07
United StatesAtlas V 531 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-41 United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
United StatesUSA-214 (AEHF-1) US Air Force Current: Transfer
Planned: Geosynchronous
Communication In orbit Partial spacecraft failure[74]
Operational
Maiden flight of Atlas V 531, liquid apogee motor failed to operate during orbital insertion process[74]
23 August
17:57
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesRAISE SwRI Suborbital Solar 23 August Successful
24 August
07:10
ChinaLong March 2D ChinaJiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 ChinaCNSA
ChinaTian Hui 1 CNSA Low Earth Remote sensing In orbit Operational
30 August
20:00[76]
JapanS-520 JapanUchinoura JapanJAXA
JAXA/TMU/Kagawa
/Shizuoka
Suborbital Technology 30 August Partial spacecraft failure[75]
High-voltage control experiments not conducted as planned[75]

September[edit]

2 September
00:53:43
RussiaProton-M/DM-2 Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaKosmos 2464
(Glonass-M)
VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2465
(Glonass-M)
VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2466
(Glonass-M)
VKS Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
4 September
16:14
ChinaLong March 3B ChinaXichang LA-2 ChinaCNSA
ChinaChinasat-6A Sinosat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
8 September
03:30
RussiaRokot/Briz-KM RussiaPlesetsk Site 133/3 RussiaRVSN
RussiaGONETS-M No.2 Gonets SatCom[77] Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2467 (Strela-3) VKS Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2468 (Strela-3) VKS Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational
10 September
10:22
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 31/6 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-07M Roskosmos Current: Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 20 February 2011
16:12
Successful
ISS flight 39P
11 September[78]
11:17
JapanH-IIA 202[79] JapanTanegashima LA-Y1 JapanMitsubishi
JapanQZSS-1 (Michibiki) JAXA Quasi-zenith Navigation In orbit Operational
17 September
10:03
United StatesLGM-30G Minuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-09 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 17 September Successful
21 September
04:03:30
United StatesAtlas V 501 United StatesVandenberg SLC-3E United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
United StatesUSA-215 NRO Low Earth (retrograde) In orbit Operational
NRO Launch 41
21 September
13:07:30[80]
United StatesTerrier-Orion United StatesWallops Island LA-2/MRL United StatesNASA
United StatesSubTec-III NASA Suborbital Technology 21 September
13:23[80]
Successful[80]
22 September
02:42[81]
ChinaLong March 2D ChinaJiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 ChinaCNSA
ChinaYaogan 11 CNSA Sun synchronous Optical imaging In orbit Operational
ChinaZheda Pixing 1B CNSA Sun synchronous Technology In orbit Operational
ChinaZheda Pixing 1C CNSA Sun synchronous Technology In orbit Operational
26 September
04:41
United StatesMinotaur IV United StatesVandenberg SLC-8 United StatesOrbital Sciences
United StatesUSA-216 (SBSS) US Air Force Sun synchronous Technology
Satellite tracking
In orbit Operational
First orbital launch of Minotaur IV
30 September[82]
17:01[1]
RussiaMolniya-M/2BL RussiaPlesetsk Site 16/2 RussiaRVSN
RussiaKosmos 2469 (Oko) VKS Molniya Missile defence In orbit Successful
Final flight of Molniya-M[1]

October[edit]

1 October
10:59:57[83]
China Long March 3C China Xichang LA-2 China CNSA
ChinaChang'e 2 CNSA Selenocentric[84] Lunar orbiter In orbit Operational
6 October
00:49
ChinaLong March 4B ChinaTaiyuan LC-2 ChinaCNSA
ChinaShijian 6G CNSA Sun synchronous Technology In orbit Operational
ChinaShijian 6H CNSA Sun synchronous Technology In orbit Operational
6 October United StatesARAV-B (Terrier-Oriole)? United StatesKauai United StatesMDA
MDA Suborbital Aegis radar target 6 October Successful
Aegis radar target, detected by STSS-Satellites
6 October United StatesARAV-B (Terrier-Oriole)? United StatesKauai United StatesMDA
MDA Suborbital Aegis radar target 6 October Successful
Aegis radar target, detected by STSS-Satellites
7 October[85]
03:10
RussiaRSM-56 Bulava RussiaTK-208 Dmitri Donskoi, White Sea RussiaVMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 7 October Successful
7 October
23:10:57
RussiaSoyuz-FG KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaSoyuz TMA-01M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS Expedition 25 19 March 2011
07:54
Successful
Manned flight with three cosmonauts, maiden flight of modernised Soyuz-TMA spacecraft
14 October
18:53[86]
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United StatesXM-5 XM Satellite Radio Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
19 October
17:10:59
RussiaSoyuz-2.1a/Fregat KazakhstanBaikonur Site 31/6 European UnionRussiaStarsem
United StatesGlobalstar-2 #1 Globalstar Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar-2 #2 Globalstar Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar-2 #3 Globalstar Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar-2 #4 Globalstar Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar-2 #5 Globalstar Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar-2 #6 Globalstar Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational
21 October[87]
17:00
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesSan Nicolas United StatesNASA
US Air Force Suborbital Target 21 October Successful
27 October
10:15[88]
United StatesNike Orion SwedenEsrange European UnionEuroLaunch
GermanyMAPHEUS-2 DLR Suborbital Technology 27 October Successful
Apogee: 153 km (95 mi)
27 October
15:11:53
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-08M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 24 January 2011 Successful[89]
ISS flight 40P
28 October[90]
09:59
RussiaRS-12M Topol RussiaPlesetsk RussiaRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 28 October Successful
28 October
10:30[91]
RussiaR-29RMU Sineva RussiaK-117 Bryansk, Barents Sea RussiaVMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 28 October Successful
28 October
10:30[91]
RussiaR-29R Volna RussiaK-433 Svyatoy Georgiy Pobedonosets, Sea of Okhotsk RussiaVMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 28 October Successful
28 October[93]
21:51
European UnionAriane 5ECA FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
FranceEutelsat W3B Eutelsat Geosynchronous transfer
Intended: Geosynchronous
Communication In orbit Spacecraft failure[94]
JapanBSAT-3b[95] BSAT Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[96]
Eutelsat W3B written-off as a total loss immediately after launch due to an oxidizer leak in the satellite's main propulsion system.[92]
29 October[97]
01:10
RussiaRSM-56 Bulava RussiaTK-208 Dmitri Donskoi, White Sea RussiaVMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 29 October Successful
29 October
03:06
United StatesKauai United StatesMDA
JMSDF/MDA Suborbital ABM target 29 October Successful
Apogee: 161 km (100 mi), intercepted by SM-3
29 October
03:09
United StatesRIM-161 Standard Missile 3 JapanJDS Kirishima, Pacific Ocean JapanJMSDF
JMSDF Suborbital ABM test 29 October Successful
Apogee: 161 km (100 mi), intercepted target
31 October
16:26
ChinaLong March 3C ChinaXichang LA-2 ChinaCNSA
ChinaCompass-G4 CNSA Geostationary Navigation In orbit Operational

November[edit]

2 November
00:59[98]
RussiaSoyuz-2.1a/Fregat RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/4 RussiaRVSN
RussiaMeridian 3 VKS Molniya Communication In orbit Operational
4 November
18:37[99]
ChinaLong March 4C ChinaTaiyuan LC-2 ChinaCNSA
ChinaFeng Yun 3B CNSA Sun-synchronous Weather In orbit Operational
6 November
02:20
United StatesDelta II 7420-10 United StatesVandenberg SLC-2W United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
ItalyCOSMO-4 ASI Sun-synchronous Radar imaging In orbit Operational
Final flight of Delta II 7420[100]
14 November
17:29
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United StatesSkyTerra-1 SkyTerra Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[101]
20 November
01:25
United StatesMinotaur IV/HAPS United StatesKodiak LP-1 United StatesOrbital Sciences
United StatesSTPSat-2 STP Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
United StatesRAX University of Michigan Low Earth Auroral In orbit Operational
United StatesO/OREOS NASA ARC Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
United StatesFASTSAT NASA Low Earth Technology In orbit Partial spacecraft failure
United StatesNanoSail-D2 NASA Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
United StatesFalconSat-5 USAFA Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
United StatesSara-Lily (FASTRAC 1) Texas Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
United StatesEmma (FASTRAC 2) Texas Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
Maiden flight of Minotaur IV/HAPS. NanoSail-D2 should have been deployed from FASTSAT seven days after launch, immediate deployment failed but ejection was confirmed almost two months later on 19 January 2011
21 November
22:58[102]
United StatesDelta IV-H United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-37B United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
United StatesUSA-223 (Mentor) NRO Geosynchronous Spy satellite In orbit Operational
NRO launch 32
24 November
16:09[103]
ChinaLong March 3A ChinaXichang LC-3 ChinaCNSA
ChinaZhongxing-20A CNSA Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
25 November
04:40
IndiaAgni I India Integrated Test Range IC-4 IndiaIndian Army
Indian Army Suborbital Missile test 25 November Successful
26 November
18:39
European UnionAriane 5ECA FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
United NationsIntelsat 17 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
United KingdomHYLAS-1[104] Avanti[105] Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
40th consecutive Ariane 5 launch success

December[edit]

4 December
04:21[106]
United StatesNike-Improved Orion NorwayAndøya NorwayAndøya
NorwayGermanyECOMA 2010-1 Andøya/DLR Suborbital Aeronomy 4 December Successful
5 December
10:25
RussiaProton-M/DM-03 Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaGlonass-M No.39 VKS Intended: Medium Earth Navigation 5 December Launch failure
RussiaGlonass-M No.40 VKS Intended: Medium Earth Navigation
RussiaGlonass-M No.41 VKS Intended: Medium Earth Navigation
Maiden flight of Blok DM-03. Incorrect fuelling of upper stage led to mass being too great to achieve parking orbit, reentered over the Pacific Ocean.[8]
5 December
19:11
RussiaRS-12M Topol RussiaKapustin Yar RussiaRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 5 December Successful
6 December
16:45
CanadaTerrier-Orion United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesTRaiNED NASA Suborbital Technology 6 December Successful
6 December
17:19
BrazilOrion BrazilAlcântara BrazilAEB
BrazilMaracati 2 INPE Suborbital Microgravity 6 December Successful
Test for Operation Maracati 2[107]
8 December
15:43
United StatesFalcon 9 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-40 United StatesSpaceX
United StatesDragon C1 SpaceX/NASA Low Earth Test spacecraft 8 December
19:02
Successful
United StatesSMDC-ONE 1 US Army Low Earth Communications 12 January 2011 Successful
United StatesMayflower Northrop Grumman
/USC
Low Earth Technology 22 December Successful
United StatesQbX-1 NRO Low Earth Technology 6 January 2011 Successful
United StatesQbX-2 NRO Low Earth Technology 16 January 2011 Successful
United States Perseus 000 LANL Low Earth Technology 30 December Successful
United States Perseus 001 LANL Low Earth Technology 31 December Successful
United States Perseus 002 LANL Low Earth Technology 30 December Successful
United States Perseus 003 LANL Low Earth Technology 31 December Successful
COTS Demo 1, maiden flight of the SpaceX Dragon, Mayflower included Caerus payload operated by USC
10 December IndiaAgni-II Plus IndiaITR IC-3 IndiaIndian Army
Indian Army Suborbital Missile test 10 December Launch failure
Upgraded Agni II version, fell into the sea shortly after launch
12 December
06:38[108]
CanadaBlack Brant XII NorwayAndøya United StatesNASA
United StatesRENU 1 New Hampshire Suborbital Geospace 12 December Launch failure[109]
12 December
12:35
BrazilVSB-30 BrazilAlcântara BrazilAEB
BrazilMaracati 2 INPE Suborbital Microgravity 12 December
12:51
Successful
Operation Maracati 2, MICROG 1A payload[110]
13 December
03:24
United StatesNike-Improved Orion NorwayAndøya NorwayAndøya
NorwayGermanyECOMA 2010-2 Andøya/DLR Suborbital Aeronomy 13 December Successful
15 December United StatesUGM-96 Trident I C4 (LV-2) Marshall IslandsMeck United StatesMDA
MDA Suborbital ABM target 15 December Successful
15 December United StatesGround Based Interceptor United StatesVandenberg LF-23 United StatesMDA
MDA Suborbital ABM test 15 December Spacecraft failure
Interceptor failed, the cause is under investigation
15 December
19:09[111]
RussiaSoyuz-FG KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaSoyuz TMA-20 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS Expedition 26 24 May 2011
02:27
Successful
Manned flight with three cosmonauts
17 December
20:04
ChinaLong March 3A ChinaXichang LC-3 ChinaCNSA
ChinaCompass-IGSO-2 CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational
19 December
02:36
United StatesNike-Improved Orion NorwayAndøya NorwayAndøya
NorwayGermanyECOMA 2010-3 Andøya/DLR Suborbital Aeronomy 19 December Successful
21 December PakistanGhauri PakistanTilla PakistanArmy of Pakistan
PakistanHaft-5 Army of Pakistan Suborbital Missile test 21 December Successful
Apogee: 100 km (62 mi)
22 December IndiaPrithvi II[23] India Integrated Test Range IC-3 IndiaDRDO
DRDO Suborbital Missile test 22 December Successful
22 December IndiaPrithvi II[23] India Integrated Test Range IC-3 IndiaDRDO
DRDO Suborbital Missile test 22 December Successful
25 December
10:34
IndiaGSLV Mk.I IndiaSatish Dhawan SLP IndiaISRO
IndiaGSAT-5P ISRO Intended: Geosynchronous Communication 25 December Launch failure
Disintegrated during first stage flight
26 December
22:51
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
FranceKA-SAT Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
29 December
21:27
European UnionAriane 5ECA FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
SpainHispasat-1E Hispasat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
South KoreaKoreasat 6[112][113] Koreasat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational

Deep space rendezvous[edit]

Date Spacecraft Event Remarks
12 January Cassini 65th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,073 km (667 mi)
28 January Cassini 66th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 7,490 km (4,654 mi)
31 January Artemis P1 Lunar flyby Closest approach: 11,992 km (7,451 mi) at 08:13 UTC[114]
1 February Artemis P2 Lunar flyby Closest approach: 69,222 km (43,013 mi) at 14:44 UTC[114]
13 February Artemis P1 Lunar flyby Closest approach: 2,958 km (1,838 mi) at 10:06 UTC[114]
13 February Cassini Flyby of Mimas Closest approach: 9,520 km (5,915 mi)
16 February Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 991 km (616 mi)
22 February Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 574 km (357 mi)
25 February Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 398 km (247 mi)
28 February Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 226 km (140 mi)
1 March Artemis P2 Lunar flyby Closest approach: 68,036 km (42,276 mi) at 04:11 UTC[114]
2 March Cassini 2nd flyby of Rhea Closest approach: 100 km (62 mi)
3 March Cassini Flyby of Helene Closest approach: 1,803 km (1,120 mi)
3 March Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 67 km (42 mi)
7 March Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 107 km (66 mi)
10 March Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 286 km (178 mi)
13 March Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 476 km (296 mi)
16 March Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 662 km (411 mi)
19 March Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 848 km (527 mi)
23 March Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 1,341 km (833 mi)
26 March Mars Express Flyby of Phobos Closest approach: 1,304 km (810 mi)
28 March Artemis P2 Lunar flyby Closest approach: 9,366 km (5,820 mi) at 07:34 UTC[114]
5 April Cassini 67th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 7,462 km (4,637 mi)
7 April Cassini 2nd flyby of Dione Closest approach: 504 km (313 mi)
28 April Cassini 9th flyby of Enceladus Closest approach: 103 km (64 mi)
18 May Cassini 10th flyby of Enceladus Closest approach: 201 km (125 mi)
20 May Cassini 68th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,400 km (870 mi)
5 June Cassini 69th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 2,044 km (1,270 mi)
13 June Hayabusa Earth reentry Sample canister successful recovered
21 June Cassini 70th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 955 km (593 mi)
7 July Cassini 71st flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,005 km (624 mi)
10 July Rosetta Flyby of 21 Lutetia Closest approach: 3,100 km (1,926 mi)[115]
13 August Cassini 11th flyby of Enceladus Closest approach: 2,554 km (1,587 mi)
25 August Artemis P1 LL2 orbit insertion
24 September Cassini 72nd flyby of Titan Closest approach: 8,175 km (5,080 mi)
6 October Chang'e 2 Lunar orbit insertion
16 October Cassini Flyby of Pallene Closest approach: 36,000 km (22,369 mi)
22 October Artemis P2 LL1 orbit insertion
4 November Deep Impact Flyby of Hartley 2 Closest approach: 700 km (435 mi)[116]
11 November Cassini 73rd flyby of Titan
30 November Cassini 12th flyby of Enceladus Closest approach: 47.9 km (30 mi)
7 December Akatsuki 1st flyby of Venus Cytherocentric orbit insertion failure
Closest approach: 550 km (342 mi)
8 December IKAROS Flyby of Venus Closest approach: 80,800 km (50,207 mi)
21 December Cassini 13th flyby of Enceladus Closest approach: 50 km (31 mi)
December Shin'en Flyby of Venus not confirmed.
Distant, non-targeted flybys of Dione, Enceladus, Mimas, Rhea, Tethys and Titan by Cassini will occur throughout the first half of the year.

EVAs[edit]

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
14 January
10:05
5 hours
44 minutes
15:49 Expedition 22
ISS Pirs
RussiaOleg Kotov
RussiaMaksim Surayev
Prepared the Poisk module for future dockings.[117]
12 February
02:17
6 hours
32 minutes
08:49 STS-130
ISS Quest
United StatesRobert L. Behnken
United StatesNicholas Patrick
Removed a protective cover on a port on the Unity node where Tranquility was berthed half way through the spacewalk. The pair then transferred a spare parts platform for the Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator from the shuttle to the station. Once that task is completed Behnken and Patrick made several connections on the newly installed Tranquility node to begin its activation.
14 February
02:20
5 hours
54 minutes
08:14 STS-130
ISS Quest
United StatesRobert L. Behnken
United StatesNicholas Patrick
Installed ammonia plumbing and connectors between Unity, Destiny and Tranquility and covered them with thermal insulation. Prepared the nadir port on Tranquility for the relocation of the Cupola, and installed handrails on the exterior of Tranquility.
17 February
02:15
5 hours
48 minutes
08:03 STS-130
ISS Quest
United StatesRobert L. Behnken
United StatesNicholas Patrick
Installed additional ammonia plumbing between Unity and Tranquility, removed insulation and launch locks from the Cupola, installed additional handrails on the exterior of Tranquility and performed get-ahead tasks to support the installation of a Power Data Grapple Fixture (PDGF) on the exterior of Zarya with cable installation on Unity and the S0 truss.[citation needed]
9 April
05:31
6 hours
27 minutes
11:58 STS-131
ISS Quest
United StatesRichard Mastracchio
United StatesClayton Anderson
Relocated new an ammonia tank from the Shuttle's payload bay to a temporary stowage location and disconnected the fluid lines to the old ammonia tank on the S1 truss. Retrieved a Japanese seed experiment from the exterior of the Kibo laboratory for return to earth and replaced a failed gyroscope on the S0 truss. Performed get-ahead tasks including the opening of a window flap on the zenith CBM of Harmony, and removed launch restraint bolts from a Flex Hose Rotary Coupler (FHRC) on the P1 truss.[citation needed]
11 April
05:30
7 hours
26 minutes
12:56 STS-131
ISS Quest
United StatesRichard Mastracchio
United StatesClayton Anderson
The old ammonia tank was removed from the S1 truss and was replaced with the new tank. The electrical connections to the tank were made, but the fluid lines were deferred to the mission's third EVA due to time constraints since the installation was prolonged by a problem with the bolts that hold the tank to the truss. The old tank was relocated to a temporary stowage location on the station and a foot restraint was relocated in preparation for a future shuttle mission's spacewalk.[citation needed]
13 April
06:14
6 hours
24 minutes
12:36 STS-131
ISS Quest
United StatesRichard Mastracchio
United StatesClayton Anderson
The fluid lines were connected to the new ammonia tank and the old tank was moved to the shuttle's payload bay for return to Earth. Micro-meteoroid debris shields from the Quest airlock which were no longer necessary were brought inside the airlock for return to Earth inside the Leonardo MPLM. The Z1 truss was prepared for the installation of a spare antenna on the next shuttle mission, and a foot restraint was relocated in preparation for a future spacewalk. The retrieval of an external carrier plate on Columbus was deferred to another shuttle mission due to time constraints after problems were encountered with attaching the old ammonia tank to a carrier in the payload bay, and several other tasks were deferred to later EVAs due to the replanning from the problems with the mission's second EVA.[citation needed]
17 May
11:54
7 hours
25 minutes
19:19 STS-132
ISS Quest
United StatesGarrett Reisman
United StatesStephen G. Bowen
Installed a spare space-to-ground Ku-band antenna on the Z1 truss; installed new tool platform on Dextre, and broke torque on bolts holding replacement batteries to the ICC-VLD cargo carrier.[citation needed]
19 May
10:38
7 hours
9 minutes
17:47 STS-132
ISS Quest
United StatesStephen G. Bowen
United StatesMichael T. Good
Repaired Atlantis '​ Orbiter Boom Sensor System (OBSS); P6 battery replacement (4 of 6 units); and removed gimbal locks from the Ku-band antenna installed on the first EVA of the mission.[citation needed]
21 May
10:27
6 hours
46 minutes
17:13 STS-132
ISS Quest
United StatesMichael T. Good
United StatesGarrett Reisman
P6 battery replacement (final 2 of 6 units); installed ammonia "jumpers" at the P4/P5 interface; retrieved a spare PDGF from Atlantis '​ payload bay and stowed it inside the Quest airlock. The spacewalkers also replenished supplies of EVA tools in toolboxes on the exterior of the station.[citation needed]
27 July
04:11
6 hours
42 minutes
10:53 Expedition 24
ISS Pirs
RussiaFyodor Yurchikhin
RussiaMikhail Korniyenko
Replaced an ATV video camera on Zvezda, routed command and data handling lines from Zvezda and Zarya to the new Rassvet module as well as made KURS connections between Rassvet and Zarya to allow future automated dockings to the new module. Then the two cosmonauts jettisoned the old ATV video camera.[citation needed]
7 August
11:19
8 hours
3 minutes
19:22 Expedition 24
ISS Quest
United StatesDouglas H. Wheelock
United StatesTracy Caldwell Dyson
Attempted to replace failed S1 ammonia pump module. The spacewalkers did not complete all of the planned tasks due to a quick disconnect that got stuck and would not release. The pair had to complete a "bake-out" in order to ensure there was no ammonia on their suits before re-entering the Space Station.[118]
11 August
12:27
7 hours
26 minutes
19:53 Expedition 24
ISS Quest
United StatesDouglas H. Wheelock
United StatesTracy Caldwell Dyson
Completed removal of failed pump module from the S1 truss and began installation preparations on the replacement pump.[119]
16 August
10:20
7 hours
20 minutes
17:40 Expedition 24
ISS Quest
United StatesDouglas H. Wheelock
United StatesTracy Caldwell Dyson
Installed new pump module on the S1 truss.[120]
15 November
14:55
6 hours
27 minutes
21:22 Expedition 25
ISS Pirs
RussiaFyodor Yurchikhin
RussiaOleg Skripochka
Install a multipurpose workstation on Zvezda, retrieve camera, retrieve kontur, install new materials experiment, collect samples below insulation.[121]

Orbital launch summary[edit]

By country[edit]

2010 Launches.svg
  China (PRC)
  Europe
  India
  Israel
  Japan
  Russia/CIS
  South Korea
  United States
Orbital launch attempts by country in 2010
Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
 Europe 6 6 0 0
 India 3 1 2 0
 Israel 1 1 0 0
 Japan 2 2 0 0
 China 15 15 0 0
 Russia/ CIS 31 30 1 0
 South Korea 1 0 1 0 With Russian assistance
 United States 15 15 0 0


By rocket[edit]

By family[edit]

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Angara  Russia 1 0 1 0
Ariane  Europe 6 6 0 0
Atlas  United States 4 4 0 0
Delta  United States 4 4 0 0
Falcon 9  United States 2 2 0 0
GSLV  India 2 0 2 0
H-II  Japan 2 2 0 0
Jericho  France
 Israel
1 1 0 0
Long March  China 15 15 0 0
Minotaur  United States 2 2 0 0
R07R-7  Russia 13 13 0 0
R14R-14  Russia 1 1 0 0
R36R-36  Ukraine 3 3 0 0
PSLV  India 1 1 0 0
Space Shuttle  United States 3 3 0 0
Universal Rocket  Russia 14 13 1 0

By type[edit]

Rocket Country Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Ariane 5  Europe Ariane 6 6 0 0
Atlas V  United States Atlas 4 4 0 0
Delta II  United States Delta 1 1 0 0
Delta IV  United States Delta 3 3 0 0
Dnepr  Ukraine R-36 3 3 0 0
Falcon 9  United States Falcon 2 2 0 0 Maiden flight
Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle  India GSLV 2 0 2 0
H-IIA  Japan H-II 2 2 0 0
Kosmos  Russia R-12/R-14 1 1 0 0
Long March 2  China Long March 3 3 0 0
Long March 3  China Long March 8 8 0 0
Long March 4  China Long March 4 4 0 0
Minotaur IV  United States Minotaur 2 2 0 0 Maiden flight
Molniya  Russia R-7 1 1 0 0 Retired
Naro  Russia
 South Korea
Angara 1 0 1 0
Proton  Russia Universal Rocket 12 11 1 0
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle  India PSLV 1 1 0 0
Shavit  Israel Jericho 1 1 0 0
Soyuz  Russia R-7 12 12 0 0
Space Shuttle  United States Space Shuttle 3 3 0 0
UR-100  Russia Universal Rocket 2 2 0 0

By configuration[edit]

Rocket Country Type Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Ariane 5ECA  Europe Ariane 5 6 6 0 0
Atlas V 401  United States Atlas V 1 1 0 0
Atlas V 501  United States Atlas V 2 2 0 0 Maiden flight
Atlas V 531  United States Atlas V 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Delta II 7420  United States Delta II 1 1 0 0 Retired[100]
Delta IV-M+(4,2)  United States Delta IV 2 2 0 0
Delta IV-H  United States Delta IV 1 1 0 0
Dnepr-1  Ukraine Dnepr 3 3 0 0
Falcon 9  United States Falcon 9 2 2 0 0 Maiden flight
GSLV Mk I(c)  India GSLV 1 0 1 0
GSLV Mk II  India GSLV 1 0 1 0
H-IIA 202  Japan H-IIA 2 2 0 0
Kosmos-3M  Russia Kosmos 1 1 0 0
Long March 2D  China Long March 2 3 3 0 0
Long March 3A  China Long March 3 3 3 0 0
Long March 3B  China Long March 3 1 1 0 0
Long March 3C  China Long March 3 4 4 0 0
Long March 4B  China Long March 4 1 1 0 0
Long March 4C  China Long March 4 3 3 0 0
Minotaur IV  United States Minotaur IV 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Minotaur IV/HAPS  United States Minotaur IV 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Molniya-M/2BL  Russia Molniya 1 1 0 0 Retired[1]
Naro-1  Russia
 South Korea
Naro 1 0 1 0
Proton-M/DM-2  Russia Proton 2 2 0 0
Proton-M/DM-03  Russia Proton 1 0 1 0
Proton-M/Briz-M  Russia Proton 9 9 0 0
PSLV-CA  India PSLV 1 1 0 0
Rokot/Briz-KM  Russia UR-100 2 2 0 0
Shavit-2  Israel Shavit 1 1 0 0
Soyuz-2.1a/Fregat  Russia Soyuz 2 2 0 0
Soyuz-U  Russia Soyuz 6 6 0 0
Soyuz-FG  Russia Soyuz 4 4 0 0
Space Shuttle  United States Space Shuttle 3 3 0 0

By launch site[edit]

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Baikonur  Kazakhstan    24 23 1 0
Cape Canaveral  United States    8 8 0 0
Dombarovsky  Russia    1 1 0 0
Jiuquan  China    4 4 0 0
Kennedy  United States    3 3 0 0
Kodiak  United States    1 1 0 0
Kourou  France    6 6 0 0
Naro  South Korea    1 0 1 0
Palmachim  Israel    1 1 0 0
Plesetsk  Russia    6 6 0 0
Satish Dhawan  India    3 1 2 0
Taiyuan  China    3 3 0 0
Tanegashima  Japan    2 2 0 0
Vandenberg  United States    3 3 0 0
Xichang  China    8 8 0 0

By orbit[edit]

Orbital regime Launches Successes Failures Accidentally
Achieved
Remarks
Low Earth 37 36 1 0 12 to ISS
Medium Earth 4 3 1 0
Geosynchronous/transfer 28 26 2 0
High Earth 4 4 0 0 Including highly elliptical, Molniya and lunar transfer orbits
Heliocentric orbit 1 1 0 0 Including planetary transfer orbits

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]

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