2010s

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Millennium: 3rd millennium
Centuries: 20th century21st century22nd century
Decades: 1980s 1990s 2000s2010s2020s 2030s 2040s
Years: 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

The 2010s, pronounced "twenty-tens"[1] or "two thousand (and) tens",[2][3][4][5] is the current decade, which began on January 1, 2010, and will end on December 31, 2019.

Mixed pronunciation[edit]

Among experts and the general public, there is some disagreement as to how specific years of the 21st century should be pronounced in English.[6] While most people pronounced the years 2000 to 2009 as "two thousand (and) _", the pronunciation in the 2010s has been mixed. The year 2014, for example, is referred to by some as "twenty-fourteen" and by others as "two thousand (and) fourteen" and this mixed pronunciation continues as of today.[7][not in citation given]

Global financial crisis[edit]

The 2010s began amidst a global financial crisis that started in the late 2000s. In particular, the ongoing Eurozone debt crisis, which stemmed from these economic problems, first became pronounced in May 2010 and continues with a global recovery. Along with the recovery in 2013, the Dow Jones Industrial Average hit a 5-year high on Tuesday, May 28, 2013, and it is continuing to rise slowly.[8] Also, the Dow had its longest stretch of gains since the tech boom of the late 1990s.[citation needed] But, economic issues such as inflation, and an increase in commodity prices, sparked immense unrest in many lower-income countries. In some countries, particularly Arab ones, political unrest eventually evolved into socio-economic crises which set off numerous revolutions, such as in Kyrgyzstan and Tunisia in 2010, and Libya, Syria, Yemen and Egypt in 2011 and 2012. This widespread phenomenon is commonly known as the Arab Spring, and it still continues, as of September 2014.

Politics and wars[edit]

Wars[edit]

The prominent wars of the decade so far include:

International wars[edit]

Civil wars, guerrilla wars and political revolutions[edit]

Since December 17, 2010 and until the present a revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests, dubbed Arab Spring, have been taking place throughout the Arab world
  • Arab Spring (December 17, 2010 – present) – a revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests occurring in the Arab world that began on Friday, December 17, 2010. In December 2010, protests first began, in Tunisia and Algeria. On January 14, 2011, the President of Tunisia, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, resigned after 23 years as President. On January 25, 2011, protests against President Hosni Mubarak began in Egypt. Mubarak resigned on February 11, 2011. A presidential election was held in Egypt in 2012. Mohamed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood won. In November 2012, protests against Morsi began. In June 2013, these protests intensified. On July 3, 2013, Morsi was ousted by the Egyptian military in a coup d'état. Post-coup violence in Egypt continues until today. Protests against Muammar Gaddafi's 42-year-rule then began in Libya, which later developed into a nationwide uprising, and, eventually, a civil war. Gaddafi was ousted from power on August 23, 2011, and was killed on October 20, 2011. At the same time, protests started in numerous other Arab countries, including Yemen, Jordan, Sudan, and Saudi Arabia. On March 15, 2011, protests against President Bashar al-Assad's rule began in Syria. In April 2011, the uprising intensified, and the Syrian Army was deployed by the government to quell the popular uprising. In 2012, the International Committee of the Red Cross declared that the Syrian conflict became a civil war, and fighting between the regime forces and the opposition intensified. The Syrian civil war still continues, to the present-day.
    • Libyan civil war (February 15 – October 23, 2011) – a series of demonstrations and riots held against Muammar Gaddafi's 42-year rule. The widespread demonstrations, which erupted in response to the high unemployment rate in Libya and the lack of development in the country, rapidly escalated into a civil war as Gaddafi used his military force against the Libyan rebels. As a result, fifty thousand Libyans have died.[13] The civil war came to an end when Gaddafi was killed during the liberation in Sirte, Libya on October 20, 2011.
    • Syrian civil war (March 15, 2011 – present) – a series of demonstrations and riots held against Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. In April 2011, the Syrian Army deployed tanks, and other weapons, in an attempt to quell the protests. However, the opposition forces soon started to become more and more organized, eventually resulting in the formation of the Free Syrian Army (FSA). On July 15, 2012, the International Committee of the Red Cross declared that the 18-month uprising was a civil war.
  • Mexican Drug War (2006–present) – an armed conflict fought between rival drug cartels and government forces in Mexico. Although Mexican drug cartels, or drug trafficking organizations, have existed for quite some time, they have become more powerful since the demise of Colombia's Cali and Medellín cartels in the 1990s. Mexican drug cartels now dominate the wholesale illicit drug market in the United States.[14] Arrests of key cartel leaders, particularly in the Tijuana and Gulf cartels, have led to increasing drug violence as cartels fight for control of the trafficking routes into the United States.[15][16][17] Roughly more than 28,299 people in total were killed between December 2006 until November 2010.[18]
  • War in North-West Pakistan (2004–present) – an armed conflict between the Pakistani Armed Forces and Islamic militants made up of local tribesmen, the Taliban, and foreign Mujahideen (Holy Warriors). It began in 2004 when tensions rooted in the Pakistani Army's search for al-Qaeda members in Pakistan's mountainous Waziristan area (in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas) escalated into armed resistance by local tribesmen. The violence has displaced 3.44 million civilians[19] and to more than 7,000 civilians being killed.[20]
  • Shia insurgency in Yemen (2004–2010) – a civil war in the Sadaa Governorate of Yemen. It began after the Shia Zaidiyyah sect launched an uprising against the Yemeni government. The Yemeni government has accused Iran of directing and financing the insurgency.[21] Thousands of rebels and civilians have been killed during the conflict.[22][23]
  • War in Somalia (1991–present) – involved largely the forces of the Somali Transitional Federal Government (TFG) assisted by African Union peacekeeping troops, who fought against various militant Islamist factions for control of the country. The violence has displaced thousands of people residing in Mogadishu, the nation's capital. 1,739 people in total were killed between January 1, 2009 until January 1, 2010.[24]
  • Conflict in the Niger Delta (2004–present) – an ongoing conflict in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. The conflict was caused due to the tensions between the foreign oil corporations and a number of the Niger Delta's minority ethnic groups who felt they were being exploited, particularly the Ogoni and the Ijaw. The competition for oil wealth has led to an endless violence cycle between innumerable ethnic groups, causing the militarization of nearly the entire region which was occupied by militia groups as well as Nigerian military and the forces of the Nigerian Police.
  • Civil war in Chad (2005–2010) involved Chadian government forces and several Chadian rebel groups. The government of Chad estimated in January 2006 that 614 Chadian citizens had been killed in cross-border raids.[25] The fighting still continues despite several attempts to reach agreements.
  • Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present)Algeria has been the subject of an Islamic insurgency since 2002 waged by the Sunni Islamic Jihadist militant group Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC). GSPC allied itself with the Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb against the Algerian government. The conflict has since spread to other neighbouring countries.
  • Colombian Armed Conflict (1964–present) has changed substantially after the government of Alvaro Uribe. President Juan Manuel Santos took office in 2010 and seeks to continue Uribe's policy about terrorism. The FARC and ELN guerrillas are weaker than ever and divided, with the latter calling for peace talks with the government. Meanwhile, paramilitary forces have demobilized, but irregular drug-trafficking forces called "Bacrim" have gained control over much of the areas that the AUC paramilitaries previously held. The "Bacrim" gangs have allied with guerrillas in some regions of the country like Chocó and Antioquia.
  • Northern Mali conflict (2012-2013) - a rebellion by Tuaregs in Northern Mali began in January 2012. After Malian president Amadou Toumani Touré was ousted in a coup d'état, tuaregs captured all of Northern Mali. In April 2012, the "Independent State of Azawad" was declared by the MLNA, a tuareg organization. Islamist groups Ansar Dine, AQIM and MOJWA seized Northern Mali from the MLNA and imposed sharia law in the region. France and various African states are helping the Malian military to recapture most of Northern Mali.

Coups[edit]

Terrorist attacks[edit]

The most prominent terrorist attacks committed against civilian population during the decade include:

Nuclear weapons controversies[edit]

  • Since 2005, Iran's nuclear program has become the subject of contention with the Western world due to suspicions that Iran could divert the civilian nuclear technology to a weapons program. This has led the UN Security Council to impose sanctions against Iran on select companies linked to this program, thus furthering its economic isolation on the international scene. The U.S. Director of National Intelligence said in February 2009 that Iran would not realistically be able to a get a nuclear weapon until 2013, if it chose to develop one.[26]
  • The United States and Russia sign a treaty to cut nuclear weapons in either nation in Prague in April 2010, a week later U.S. President Barack Obama hosts a Nuclear Security Summit where the attending nations decides to lock onto their nuclear arms, to make sure no terrorists get hands on these weapons of mass destruction, also South Korea was selected to hold the second Nuclear Security Summit in 2012.
  • During the 2013 Korean crisis, North Korea threatened nuclear war against the United States, Japan, and South Korea.

Political events[edit]

The prominent political events of the decade so far include:

WikiLeaks

  • The international new-media non-profit organization WikiLeaks published three massive sets of documents pertaining to the Iraq War, the Afghanistan War, and US diplomacy, which, respectively, were released in April, July, and November 2010. Each of these releases was accompanied by heavy and extensive weeks-long coverage in news media all over the world, and had a strong impact on the global political landscape, with strong reactions from leaders within many major countries.

Americas

Obama signing the New START treaty in Prague.

Asia

Europe

Africa

2011 Egyptian revolution: Demonstrators in Cairo's Tahrir Square on February 8, 2011
  • Between January 9–15, 2011 a referendum was held in Southern Sudan on whether the region should remain a part of Sudan or become independent. In the referendum a majority of 98.83% voted in favour of separation from Sudan and the creation of an independent state.
  • January 14, 2011 – Amidst anti-government demonstrations, Tunisia's President Zine El-Abidine Ben Ali dissolves the government, declares a state of emergency, and resigns from office.
  • January 25 – February 11, 2011 – Inspired by the Tunisian demonstrators, thousands of protesters in Egypt call for a resignation or ousting of Hosni Mubarak, longtime president of the nation, who many feel has been in power far too long and has no interests of the public. Mubarak resigns on 11 February.
  • February 15 – October 23, 2011: A popular revolt against Muammar Gaddafi's 42-year rule over Libya leads to thousands of deaths and UN sanctions against the nation's government following a brutal crackdown against protestors.[30]
  • January 16, 2012 – February 8, 2013 – An Islamist revolt in Mali threatens to control the whole country and forces a coalition, led by France, to take military actions and restore peace.
  • March 25, 2013 – Rebel forces conquest the Capital of the Central African Republic, Bangui, force the President Francois Bozize to flee and form a new government.
  • December 5, 2013 – Nelson Mandela, President of the South Africa from 1994 to 1999, dies

Oceania

Assassinations, targeted killings, and assassination attempts[edit]

Prominent assassinations, targeted killings, and assassination attempts of the decade so far include:

Disasters[edit]

The most prominent disasters of the decade so far include:

Non-natural disasters[edit]

Aviation & naval disasters[edit]

Pollution disasters[edit]

The Deepwater Horizon oil spill as seen from space by NASA's Terra satellite on May 24, 2010
  • On April 20, 2010, an explosion on BP's Deepwater Horizon offshore drilling rig, operating in the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Louisiana, left eleven crewmen dead and resulted in a fire that sank the rig and caused a massive-scale oil spill[37] that became the worst environmental disaster in United States history.[38] On June 18, 2010, oceanographer John Kessler said that the crude gushing from the well contains 40 percent methane, compared to about 5 percent found in typical oil deposits. Methane is a natural gas that could potentially suffocate marine life and create "dead zones" where oxygen is so depleted that nothing lives. "This is the most vigorous methane eruption in modern human history," Kessler said.[39] On June 20, an internal BP document was released by Congress revealing that BP estimated the flow could be as much as 100,000 barrels (4,200,000 US gallons; 16,000 cubic metres) per day under the circumstances that existed since the April 20 blowout.[40][41] On July 15, 2010, The BP Oil Spill was stopped for the first time, 86 days after oil started leaking into the Gulf of Mexico.
  • On March 11, 2011, a magnitude 9.0[42] earthquake off the coast of Sendai caused a tsunami that severely damaged the Fukushima Daiichi and Fukushima Daini nuclear power plants. The damage resulted in the worst nuclear disaster since the Chernobyl disaster, contaminating water, soil and crops in the area with iodine-131 and caesium-137.


Natural disasters[edit]

Damage in downtown Port-au-Prince, 13 January 2010
Chileans look at tsunami-provoked damage in the city of Pichilemu, following the 2010 Chile earthquake.
2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami: An aerial view of tsunami damage in Tōhoku
The eye of Irene as viewed from the International Space Station

Epidemics[edit]

Economics[edit]

The Great Recession, which began in the year 2007, officially ended in mid-2009. In the United States, a Gallup poll in 2011 found that more than half of Americans believe the country is still in a recession.[57] Some economists believe that the 'recession' has not only continued, but is actually a mild economic depression much like the Great Depression of the 1930s.[58] There is an energy crisis in the world due to the protests and riots in the Middle East and North Africa.[59][60] Production of conventional crude oil plateaued in 2004 at 74 million barrels per day.[61] Because new sources of energy are still being developed, industrialized nations are still vulnerable to loss of supply, such as the relatively small output that was shut off during the Libya civil war, and the failure of releases from strategic reserves to stem high prices.[62][63] The International Energy Agency has found that global crude oil production reached its apex in 2006, meaning production from currently producing oil fields is forecast to drop and future oil supply projections represent unconventional sources of crude, a prediction it admits is less than certain.[64][65][66] Another school of opinion attributes the high energy prices in the western world to government regulation.[67]

A sovereign-debt crisis in Europe began in early 2010, and the Greek government admitted that it was having difficulties servicing its large sovereign debt. Speculation abounded that it would be unable to make required bond payments due in 2010, causing the Euro to drop in value versus the US dollar and pushing the Greek/German yield spread to almost 4%. In May 2010, Eurozone leaders agreed to a billion euro three-year rescue package.[68] However, by the following year, the country's fiscal condition had not improved.[69] In the summer and fall of 2011 bond yields for Italy and Spain spike above 6 percent.[70]

China becomes the second largest global economy, surpassing Japan.[71] China currently faces out-of-control inflation, a real estate bubble, and troubling demographics that will lead to a shrinking labour force, all of which could lead to a collapse of the Chinese economy.[72][73][74]

Debt struggles plague advanced countries. The crisis in Greece fuels growing fears of contagion.[75] Beyond Greece, European countries such as Ireland, Italy, France, Spain, Portugal, Cyprus, Austria, Slovakia and Slovenia see their credit rating downgraded.[76][77][78][79][80] In August 2011, the S&P downgrades the United States' credit rating from triple AAA to AA-plus.[81] In September 2011 Italy is downgraded by S&P from A+.[82] Japan also sees a rating downgrade due to debt burden.[83] In October 2011 European leaders devised another Greek debt agreement in which private banks that loaned Greece money agreed to voluntarily write down or revalue Greek debt by 53.5%. Overall losses for private bondholders would be above 70 percent when accounting for the new bonds' longer repayment period and lower interest rate.[84] The size of the European Financial Stability Facility was increased from €440 billion to €2 trillion.[85]

Society and trends[edit]

The 2010s are notable for being the first full decade in which the population of Earth has been more urban than rural; the portion of the human population living in cities and urban areas reached 50% in 2007.[86]

The world population is projected to peak at 9 billion by 2050, and many countries reported declining fertility rates in the 2010 census.[87] Society by the 2010s is still being accustomed to the huge changes the Internet, globalization and digital technology make in everyday life, with many young people growing up spending their entire lives exposed to microchip technology.[88] At the same time, the world is grappling with the Great Recession that began in 2007 and continues into the 2010s.

An aging population[edit]

The 2010s have been a period of concern for some time to governments and economists due to the fact that it is the decade in which most of the baby boomers in developed nations will retire, putting pressure on their pension programs. An aging society and its consequences have been felt hardest in Europe, Russia, and Japan, which have been experiencing a trend of dramatic population decline over the past few decades.[89][90][91] Over 20% of Japan's population is over the age of 65, making it the most elderly nation.[92] As a result, the nation is looking into numerous societal solutions to caring for the elderly, including providing robots able to aid in daily tasks and nursing.[93][94] In the United States, proposals have been made to reforming Medicare and Social Security, including raising the age of retirement or abolishing certain programs entirely.[95][96][97][98][99][100][101][102][103][104]

Reforms to pensions are a volatile subject politically, and lead to major protests from the public. In 2010, France debated and raised the retirement age to 60 from 62, despite widespread demonstrations against the change.[105] A few years later, during the Hollande administration, the retirement age was lowered back to 60.[106]

Political polarization[edit]

In the United States and, to a lesser degree, elsewhere, political polarization continues and/or increases as conservatives and progressives clash over the role of government and other social, economic, and environmental issues. Polls in the US continue to show a divided electorate regarding job creation, debt reduction, and taxation.[107][108][109][110][111][112]

LGBT[edit]

Acceptance of LGBT people slowly increases across the world, with significantly higher levels of support among younger generations than among older generations, though a growth in all age groups.[113][114][115] For the first time, in June 2011, the United Nations passed a motion in support of LGBT rights across the world, 21 years after the World Health Organization removed homosexuality from its list of diseases.[116][117] Although many nations already allowed for gays to serve openly in the military, a major milestone in LGBT history was made in September 2011 when the United States joined that list by abolishing its Don't Ask, Don't Tell policy.[118][119] The issue of marriage for same-sex couples is an ongoing debate in many nations, but over sixteen nations and eighteen states in the United States have legalized same-sex marriage (as of March 2014). In most cases, votes to legalize same-sex marriage fall along a strict-party line vote with leftist parties favoring legalization and more conservative ones favoring no recognition at all. However, as the culture continues to shift more supportive, conservatives are growing more comfortable with marriage equality as was the case for New York's effort to legalize same-sex marriage and the ongoing debate in the United Kingdom, where legalization of same-sex marriage has been seen as a priority by the Conservative Party.[120][121][122][123][124] In May 2012, President Barack Obama became the first sitting United States president to support same-sex marriage.[125] Polls found that by 2012, 53% of Americans supported gay marriage, up dramatically from six years prior when just over one-third of respondents believed it should be legal. In addition, less than four out of ten Americans believed that marriage for gay and lesbian couples should be illegal.[126]

While many western countries are becoming more accepting and tolerant towards gays and lesbians, some nations such as Russia, are becoming more distant. In 2013, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a law that criminalized free expression.[127] Prior to its passage, St. Petersburg drafted its own ban on free expression and banned pride events as well.[128] Russia's actions brought concern to many human rights organizations and free speech proponents, even pushing for a boycott of Russian products and the 2014 Winter Olympics, which were held in Sochi.[129][130]

Youth culture[edit]

Youth culture such as skateboarding continues to spread to countries such as Afghanistan.[131] Internet memes grew in popularity across the Internet since around late 2009, although they existed as far back as the web's infancy in the 1990s. Current trends set Internet memes to grow hugely and enter the mainstream of TV and general entertainment in the coming years. In 2013, Baauer's "Harlem Shake" is the first Internet meme song to reach the #1 spot on the Billboard Top 100, reflecting a shift in popular culture as Internet memes become mainstream and not a "geek" counterculture.

Other societal trends[edit]

New urbanism and urban revival continue to be forces in urban planning in the United States.[132] However, evidence shows that growth of American suburbs still outpaces urban growth.[133]

Environmentalism slowly continues to become mainstream, though action on curbing fossil fuels has been limited in its success.[134]

The world's major civilizations are now interacting more than ever in history, creating tensions but also bringing new ideas to cultures that previously did not have them. This occurs more often not only physically but in cyberspace. This is radically changing the economic and social fabric in virtually every part of the world. China, considered an emerging power in the 1990s and 2000s, has increasingly been called a superpower in the early 2010s, such as at the 2011 meeting between Hu Jintao and Barack Obama. This is confirmed by China overtaking the US as the world's largest trading nation, filing the most patents, its increasing military buildup, its involvement in space with the Jade Rabbit landing on the moon, ending the nearly four decade malaise of moon exploration, and the creation of China's Oriental Movie Metropolis as a major film and cultural center. China is projected to have the world's largest economy by 2018 and most likely have a GDP per capita equal to the US by the late 2050s.[135]

Individuality and uniqueness continues to be increasingly valued as opposed to conformism. A well noted example of this are baby names, which have become far more individualized since the 1960s, but especially since the 1990s and the introduction of the Internet.[136]

In America, migration to the Sun Belt, large during the last decades of the 20th century and the 2000s decade, declines; migration in general around the US has been in decline since the beginning of the 1980s,[137] reaching their lowest levels since information began being kept in 1948.[138]

AIDS, a pandemic responsible for killing over 30 million people since its discovery in the early 1980s, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, becomes a treatable condition; though only one case has been cured,[139] the disease is no longer a death sentence and with good treatment victims can generally expect to live normal lives and lifespans. However, as of 2011 only a bit more than 5 million of the 12 million people who need drugs for AIDS get them and hence many people still die from the disease.[139]

Ufology has seen a decline in popularity compared to its heyday in the 1980s and 1990s. In the 1990s, there were well over 100 groups involved in UFO research in the UK; in 2013 this number declined to about 30.[140]

Science and Technology[edit]

            List of years in science       (table)
... 2000 . 2001 . 2002 . 2003 . 2004 . 2005 . 2006 ...
2007 2008 2009 -2010- 2011 2012 2013
... 2014 . 2015 . 2016 . 2017 . 2018 . 2019 . 2020 ...
Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...

Science[edit]

NASA announced that its Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter captured photographic evidence of possible liquid water on Mars on 5 August 2011
The first collisions of CERN's Large Hadron Collider took place on 31 March 2010.

Technology[edit]

Information and communications[edit]

  • 2010 - Sales for PCs steadily decline as more and more people purchase tablet computers and laptop convertibles.[147]
  • April 2010 - Apple Inc. launches its first tablet computer called the iPad which offers multi-touch interaction with multimedia formats including newspapers, magazines, ebooks, textbooks, photos, movies, TV shows videos, music, word processing documents, spreadsheets, video games. The iPad soon became an immediate bestseller and only months after its release became the best selling tech gadget in history.[148] Multiple competing tablet computers are now on the market.
  • February 2011 - The IPv4 internet addresses officially ran out. An early period of transition to IPv6 continued during 2011.[149]
  • March 2011 - More than 2 billion people used the Internet.[150]
  • Sometime in 2011 - One billion mobile broadband users predicted and 4.6 billion people worldwide were subscribed to mobile phones.[151]
  • June 2011 - Mobile phone apps, introduced in the later 2000s, explode in popularity; Americans spent more time using apps than using the World Wide Web.[152]
  • 2012 - Tablet sales now overtook netbooks for the first time, and netbook sales fell by 25 percent, year-on-year.
  • 2012 - Samsung overtook Nokia for the first time as the largest mobile phone maker in the world.
  • 2012 - Google Chrome became the world's most used web browser, displacing former long-time frontrunner Internet Explorer.[153]
  • 2012 - The Wikimedia Foundation, through its German chapter Wikimedia Deustschland starts developing Wikidata, its first new project in six years. The initial software development is sponsored by the Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and Google.
  • 2013 - The people living in developed countries uses more smartphones than feature phones as the sales and users declined steadily for the first time.
  • 2013 - Streaming media and rental kiosk services such as Netflix and Redbox overwhelm the movie rental market and force national chains like Blockbusters to close.[154]
  • 2019 - Supercomputers are projected to reach exaflop scale.[155]

Space[edit]

  • 2012 May - SpaceX's Dragon spacecraft becomes the first private commercial spacecraft to successfully attach to the International Space Station, marking a major achievement for the commercial spaceflight industry as the first commercial spacecraft to rendezvous with another spacecraft.
  • 2012 - Planetary Resources became the first asteroid mining company to announce publicly its intention to mine valuable resources from asteroids - a goal that, if achieved, would provide enormous economic value to the world.

Transport[edit]

Software & Legal issues[edit]

Medicine & Biotechnologies[edit]

Additional notable world-wide events[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

Architecture[edit]

The Burj Khalifa became the world's tallest building when completed in 2010.

Postmodernism and green designs[163][164] are common themes seen throughout the architecture of the decade. The aftermath of the energy crisis and the threat of peak oil have pushed developers to creating structures that are as sustainable as possible whether that is through the use of natural lighting, green/white roofs, better insulation, and other cost-saving means.[165] Architect Bjarke Ingels, known for designing the Danish pavilion at Expo 2010, has proposed a type of "hedonistic sustainability" to create a balance between playful art and sustainability.[166] China and the Middle East have been regarded as the "architect playgrounds" of this decade.[167][168][169][170] Many iconic structures, including the current world's tallest building Burj Khalifa and the Shanghai Tower, are placed in these regions of the world. Dubai's development has been slowed by the global recession,[171] but China continues to flourish in its development towards a modern nation.[172] In fact, China is pushing Shanghai to become a global financial center by 2015.[173][174] As China continues to develop, it will continue to struggle to provide energy for its 1 billion strong population. China's Three Gorges Dam became fully operational in 2011 and is one of the world's largest gravity dams.[175]

A supertall skyscraper race began in the late-2000s and in 2010, Dubai's Burj Khalifa became the tallest man-made structure ever built, standing at 828 m (2,717 ft). The title is not expected to last too long as other projects proposed or approved such as the Kingdom Tower in Saudi Arabia[176] hopes to rise even higher.

The Gotthard Base Tunnel, the world's longest railway tunnel, is scheduled to be completed in 2017 or 2018. One World Trade Center is expected to be completed in early 2014 as the highest building in the United States.

Fashion[edit]

Main article: 2010s in fashion

The 2010s (2010–present) have thus far been defined by a revival of interwar, Austerity era, 1980s (2010–12), early 1990s and skater fashions.[177] In the early 2010s, many late 2000s fashion trends remain popular in Europe, the US, Latin America, Australasia and Asia, especially the indie pop and grunge look which largely drew upon 1960s Mod clothing combined with elements of 1970s garage rock, contemporary alternative fashion. Latin American teens and young adults, who started to keep up with general Western fashion more closely since the mid-1990s, proved to be more conservative upon maintaining or abandoning 2000s trends than their European and North American peers until about 2013. The Hipster subculture has also had considerable impact upon mainstream fashion in the earlier part of the decade. Full-printed T-shirts with diverse patterns (like cosmic, clouds, historic architecture, and tribal) are a noticeable fashion trend.

Film and television[edit]

Film and television, two industries that have dominated pop culture for a large part of the last century, found themselves struggling to maintain their predominant influence throughout this decade.[178] The struggles plaguing the music industry in the previous decade had begun to catch up to other mediums, as well as the consequences of ever-increasing online usage by consumers. Internet piracy was a major concern for the industry as well and a reluctance to adapt to consumer demand through online venues even further harmed the industry's image.[179] In 2008, the industry launched the joint venture video site Hulu to combat numerous piracy concerns from other video-sharing sites.[180] As of 2010, Hulu was contemplating a US$2 billion IPO.[181] As of 2012, Viacom is pursuing a US$1 billion lawsuit against YouTube for copyright infringement.[182] Furthermore, governments began looking at ways to combat internet piracy. In early 2012, the United States Congress began debating the infamous SOPA and PIPA bills that were heavily lobbied by the entertainment industry and widely unpopular among the population.[183] Despite government efforts to debate the issue, internet piracy is still expected to be a major concern throughout the decade.[184][185]

Cable providers saw a decline in their membership in favor of online streaming services such as Hulu, Netflix and Amazon.com's Prime service due to cheaper cost to consumers.[186][187] These non-cable, internet-based media streaming services even began producing their own programming.[188]

TV sets, such as the SmartTV by Samsung, start to integrate the internet to traditional television, giving more choices that are more traditional and high quality than cable, along with more family friendly middle class entertainment.

3D films, although not a new technology, saw a resurgence in popularity after the long-awaited release of James Cameron's Avatar in late-2009.[189][190][191] In 2010, Avatar became the first film to gross more than US$2 billion.[192] The box office success of other 3D releases that year insured the industry that 3D movies were not a fad.[193][194] In fact, the video game and television industries began to look into utilizing the 3D trend by releasing their own 3D products and services.

Animated films in the 2010s remain predominately computer-generated. Traditional 2D animation has struggled in recent years and is seen by some industry giants like Michael Eisner to be an outdated artform or casualty to the rise of CGI-based films.[195][196] Japanese anime still remain to be fairly popular 2D mediums globally and may be the exception to this trend.[197] In 2010, Toy Story 3 became the first animated film to gross more than US$1 billion worldwide.[198] Established long-running 2D animated sitcoms are still widely popular as well.[199]

The American soap opera format slides in popularity as reality television and daytime talk shows continue to move in on their time slots.[200][201] All My Children and One Life to Live, both globally broadcast series that have been on the air for decades are cancelled, but return in 2013 as an online broadcast through joint arrangement of Hulu and Prospect Park Productions.[202] Prime-time television serials and Spanish-language telenovelas remain popular globally.[203]

In 2010, Kathryn Bigelow became the first woman to receive the Academy Award for Best Director for the 2009 movie The Hurt Locker.[204]

The highly-controversial, globally-acclaimed 2000 Japanese film Battle Royale was officially released to theaters and home media in the United States after more than eleven years of quiet corporate wrangling by both American and Japanese distributors; the first planned Los Angeles public theatrical run in December 2011 was extended by six days due to popular demand.[205][206]

Academy Award Best Pictures

Music[edit]

Main article: 2010s in music

Electropop, Disco, Synth Pop, Indie, and Trap see mainstream success throughout the early to mid 2010s, making a sound that differentiates 2010s music from the popular music styles of the early 2000s. R&B and hip-hop, which was popular in the 1990s and 2000s declines in popularity circa 2009-2011 with more electropop and indie infuenced sounds.[207][208] There were musical paradigm shifts in the previous decade regarding how people obtain and listen to music including the rise of the MP3 format,[209][210] televised national musical contests,[211] and the declining influence of the recording industry have had major effects on the state of music globally in a relatively short time.[212][213][214] According to a Nielsen and Billboard report, digital music sales in 2012 topped the physical sale of music.[215]

In terms of popular music, the heavy use of Auto-Tune and talk box has dramatically changed the landscape of the Top-40 charts. Another noticeable trend that began late in the 2000s and is continuing into this decade is the prevalence of dance and pop music.[216][217][218] In the early 2010s, dubstep and drumstep, originating in the United Kingdom, rose in popularity globally.[219][220][221] Drumstep is continuing to grow in popularity along with the drum and bass scene. It mirrors the electronic-leaning musical trends elsewhere, while hardstyle is becoming increasingly popular in Australia and America, with music festivals such as Defqon 1, IQON and The sound of Q-dance.[222][223][224]

Record of the Year Grammy Winners

Sports[edit]

Theatre[edit]

The trend of musicals based on movies reaches a peak in 2013 when for the first time, the four nominees for the Best Musical Tony Award are all based on movies.

Rights for many shows from the 2000s, including The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee, Spring Awakening, and Hairspray, were released for amateur production.

Locally, many theaters begin to perform smaller productions with less actor and set requirements as a way of coping with the Great Recession. This made shows like the aforementioned Spelling Bee into standards.

Video gaming[edit]

The Nintendo 3DS is the first gaming device released to feature 3D gaming without the need for stereoscopic glasses.

Coming into the 2010s, video games and their associated culture matures into an established element of pop culture. According to the Entertainment Software Association, the average age of a person who plays games is 30.[225]

Some of the new and innovative trends to gaming culture in this decade include cloud gaming, the rise of stereoscopic 3D gaming, and the ever-increasing advancements in graphic card technologies leading to more photo-realistic graphics. Video game sales declined in the early-2010s, most likely due to the effects of the Great Recession,[226] but the industry still continued to make millions of dollars in profits from wide-releases of popular franchises. Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 3, released in late-2011, made over US$775 million in one-week which put that particular first-person shooter video game on par or even surpassing records of the film industry's opening numbers that week.[227]

The first few years of the decade was dominated primarily with seventh generation consoles. This includes Microsoft's Xbox 360, the Sony PlayStation 3, and Nintendo's Wii. The lack of many wide release titles on the PC lead some industry critics to question whether PC gaming is dead entirely.[228] The PC, however still remains the preferred choice medium by the Sims franchise and many of Blizzard's popular titles despite they themselves expanding onto other devices.[229][230] 2012 introduced the first console regarded to be in the eighth generation, the Wii U. Sony and Microsoft have initially stated that their PS3 and Xbox 360 consoles were to be on a ten-year lifespan which wouldn't place a release of one of their consoles until 2014 or 2016,[231][232][233] but the Wii U's announcement had prompted the other two industry giants to make swifter timetables of release. In late 2013, two consoles were added to the eighth generation with Microsoft's Xbox One and Sony's PlayStation 4. The eighth generation consoles are expected to face stiff competition from tablet and smartphone gaming markets, as well as an increased interest in independent games promoted by popular social networking sites.[234][235]

Following in the 3D craze, Nintendo released the Nintendo 3DS in early-2011. It introduced a new interface that does not require special glasses to observe stereoscopic 3D visual during gameplay.[236] Sony also releases a handheld console, the PlayStation Vita in 2012, but does not feature 3D gaming. The OnLive console is released in 2010 becoming the first massively produced cloud gaming-based gaming device.[237] Mobility and interaction become a common trend to see in video games. The original Wii revolutionized the industry with the introduction of the sensor bar with compatible sensitive controllers, and Sony and Microsoft reacted by releasing the PlayStation Move and Kinect respectively. This new and innovative direction expanded the video game market to those interested in physical therapy and to the elderly.[238][239][240][241]

See also[edit]

Timeline[edit]

The following articles contain brief timelines which list the most prominent events and predicted prominent events of the decade:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robin Lustig (31 December 2009). "Happy twenty-ten". BBC. Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ "'Twenty Tens' to become nickname for next decade, survey says". The Daily Telegraph (London). 17 December 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  4. ^ Jones, Sam (1 January 2010). "A new decade: what's in a name?". The Guardian (United Kingdom). Archived from the original on 6 January 2010. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  5. ^ "New Year revellers welcome in 2010". United Kingdom: BBC News. 1 January 2010. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  6. ^ Higgins, David (26 October 2009). "It's the end of the Noughties, we feel fine". news.com.au. Archived from the original on 2010-11-19. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  7. ^ Burnett, Thane (28 December 2009). "Twenty-ten, Two-oh-ten, Two thousand and ten: What is the proper way to reference 2010?". Toronto Sun. Retrieved 11 January 2011. 
  8. ^ "CNBC DJIA records over the last 10 years". 
  9. ^ "Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs)" – U.S. Department of State
  10. ^ "Council Common Position 2004/500/CFSP of 17 May 2004" – EU list of "persons, groups and entities involved in terrorist acts"
  11. ^ "Japan's Diplomatic Bluebook 2005" (PDF). 2005. 
  12. ^ "EU blacklists Hamas political wing". BBC News. 11 September 2003. Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  13. ^ "Libya interim leaders give ultimatum to Gaddafi forces". BBC News. 30 August 2011. 
  14. ^ Cook, Colleen W., ed. (16 October 2007), "Mexico's Drug Cartels" (PDF), CRS Report for Congress, Congressional Research Service, p. 7, retrieved 9 August 2009 
  15. ^ "Progress in Mexico drug war is drenched in blood". Associated Press. 10 March 2009. Archived from the original on 15 March 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2009. 
  16. ^ "High U.S. cocaine cost shows drug war working: Mexico". Reuters. 14 September 2007. Retrieved 1 April 2009. 
  17. ^ Mark P. Sullivan; Junew S. Beittel, eds. (18 December 2008), "CRS Report for Congress" (PDF), Mexico – U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress, Congressional Research Service, pp. 2, 13, 14, retrieved 1 April 2009 
  18. ^ The attorney general's office says that 9 of 10 victims are members of organized-crime groups."Briefing: How Mexico is waging war on drug cartels.". The Christian Science Monitor. 16 August 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  19. ^ "Red Cross 'gravely concerned' about conditions in Swat Valley". CNN. 31 May 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  20. ^ "SATP.org". SATP.org. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  21. ^ Yemen Accuses Iran of Meddling in its Internal Affairs[dead link]
  22. ^ "Armed Conflicts Report – Yemen". Ploughshares.ca. Archived from the original on 22 May 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  23. ^ "Yemeni military battles Shi'ite rebels". The Age (Melbourne). 20 March 2007. Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  24. ^ allafrica More Than 1,700 Killed in Clashes in 2009, 1 January 2010
  25. ^ "Chad wants Sudan to disarm rebels". Al Jazeera. 12 January 2006. 
  26. ^ Charbonneau, Louis (26 October 2009). "RPT-EXCLUSIVE-Iran would need 18 months for atom bomb-diplomats". Reuters. Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  27. ^ California gay marriage trial moves to a close[dead link]
  28. ^ "Hundreds of protesters descend to 'Occupy Wall Street'". money.cnn.com. 17 September 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  29. ^ Hooper, John (15 February 2011). "Silvio Berlusconi sent for trial accused of paying for sex with teenager". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 15 February 2011. 
  30. ^ "In swift, decisive action, Security Council imposes tough measures on Libyan regime, adopting Resolution 1970 in wake of crackdown on protesters". United Nations. 26 February 2011. Archived from the original on 3 March 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2011. 
  31. ^ a b Griffin, Jennifer (7 April 2010). "Two U.S.-Born Terrorists Killed in CIA-Led Drone Strike". Fox News. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  32. ^ Rana Jawad (20 October 2011). "BBC News – Libya's Col Muammar Kaddafi killed, says NTC". BBC. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  33. ^ "Suspect in Quebec shooting identified as Mont-Tremblant businessman - The Globe and Mail". M.theglobeandmail.com. 2012-09-05. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  34. ^ "Briton among Libya air crash dead". BBC News. 13 May 2010. 
  35. ^ "Plane crashes in India, 158 feared dead, 8 alive". Associated Press. 22 May 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010. [dead link]
  36. ^ http://www.cnn.com/2013/07/07/us/plane-crash-main
  37. ^ "BP Will Pay For Gulf Oil Spill Disaster, CEO Says". NPR. 3 May 2010. Archived from the original on 4 May 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2010. 
  38. ^ "Full text of President Obama's BP Oil Spill speech". Reuters. 15 June 2010. Archived from the original on 16 June 2010. Retrieved 16 June 2010. 
  39. ^ "Oil spill full of methane, adding new concerns". msnbc. 18 June 2010. Archived from the original on 20 June 2010. Retrieved 20 June 2010. 
  40. ^ "Document Shows BP Estimates Spill up to 100,000 Bpd". ABC News. 20 June 2010. Archived from the original on 24 June 2010. Retrieved 20 June 2010. 
  41. ^ "Seafloor Exit" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2012-10-30. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  42. ^ "Magnitude 9.0 – Near The East Coast Of Honshu, Japan". United States Geological Survey (USGS). Archived from the original on 5 April 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  43. ^ Sutton, Jane; Anthony Boadle; Pascal Fletcher (15 January 2010). "Haiti quake death toll may hit 200,000-minister". Reuters Alertnet (Reuters). Archived from the original on 19 January 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2010. 
  44. ^ "Gobierno entregó lista de 497 fallecidos en el terremoto". Cooperativa.cl. Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  45. ^ Newitz A (2010). "Why the Chile earthquake deformed the earth and shortened our days". io9. Retrieved March 20, 2010.
  46. ^ Than K (2010, 2 March). "Chile earthquake altered Earth axis, shortened day". National Geographic News. Retrieved 20 March 2010.
  47. ^ Javier López (11 March 2010). "Billionaire Pinera takes power as quakes jolt Chile". Reuters. Retrieved 5 September 2010. 
  48. ^ "China Earthquake: 589 Killed In Qinghai Province's Yushu Region After 6.9 Magnitude Tremor | World News | Sky News". News.sky.com. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  49. ^ "Hundreds die in west China quake". BBC News. 14 April 2010. Archived from the original on 17 April 2010. Retrieved 23 April 2010. 
  50. ^ Bodeen, Christopher (8 August 2010). "Asia flooding plunges millions into misery". The Associated Press. Archived from the original on 4 September 2010. Retrieved 8 August 2010. 
  51. ^ Masood, Salman and Adam B. Ellick. Floods in Pakistan Kill at Least 700. NYTimes.
  52. ^ "UN voices Pakistan flood fears as death toll soars". BBC. 31 July 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  53. ^ Khan, Ismail (30 July 2010). "400 Killed in Flooding in Pakistan, Officials Say". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 July 2010. 
  54. ^ "Thousands trapped by Pakistan floods; 900 dead". Yahoo!. 
  55. ^ "Deaths From Pakistan Floods May Reach 3,000, Rescue Service Official Says". Bloomberg. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  56. ^ Wikinews."Crisis at stricken Japan nuclear plant escalates to level of Chernobyl; six killed in aftershock".n:Crisis at stricken Japan nuclear plant escalates to level of Chernobyl; six killed in aftershock, "Wikinews", 12 April 2011, accessed 13 April 2011
  57. ^ "More Than Half Still Say U.S. Is in Recession or Depression". Gallup.com. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  58. ^ News Headlines
  59. ^ Isidore, Chris (24 February 2011). "Economy faces new threats". CNN. Archived from the original on 26 February 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2011. 
  60. ^ Fonetevecchia, Agustino (29 February 2012). "Bernanke: The Fed 'Can't Do Much About The Price Of Gas'". Forbes. 
  61. ^ Plumer, Brad (6 October 2011). "Why is it so tricky to define ‘peak oil’?". Washington Post. Retrieved 4 November 2011. 
  62. ^ "Update on Libyan Oil Production at Oil Price". Oilprice.com. 15 March 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  63. ^ "Oil prices rising a week after SPR release". CNN. 30 June 2011. 
  64. ^ Morran, Chris (8 August 2011). "Shoppers Hoarding Incandescent Light Bulbs As New Regulations Loom". The Consumerist. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  65. ^ "Oil drilling accidents prompting new safety rules". USA Today. 24 April 2010. 
  66. ^ "Is Peak Oil Behind Us?". NY Times. 14 November 2010. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  67. ^ "New Study Forecasts Huge Job Growth If Regulators Allow Gulf Oil Drilling". BBC News. 22 July 2011. Archived from the original on 29 July 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  68. ^ "Huge Greece bail-out deal agreed". BBC News. 2 May 2010. 
  69. ^ "Greece in second bailout talks". New York Post. 19 June 2011. 
  70. ^ "Bond market developments are deep concern, says Barroso". BBC News. 3 August 2011. 
  71. ^ Tomoko A. Hosaka. "Japan confirms China surpassed its economy in 2010". Yahoo!. 
  72. ^ Lawrence Delevingne (22 January 2010). "STRATFOR'S TOP PREDICTIONS FOR THE NEXT DECADE: China Collapse, Global Labor Shortages, New American Dominance". Businessinsider.com. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  73. ^ Lawrence Solomon: China’s coming collapse | FP Comment | Financial Post
  74. ^ "5 Reasons China's Bubble Will Burst – International Business Times". Ibtimes.com. 6 July 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  75. ^ "Fears of 'Lehman-like' Greek contagion". CNN. 17 June 2011. 
  76. ^ Tymkiw, Catherine; Rooney, Ben (13 January 2012). "9 eurozone nations downgraded by S&P". CNN Money. 
  77. ^ "EU slams ratings agencies after Portugal downgraded". Reuters. 6 July 2011. 
  78. ^ "Moody's downgrades Ireland's debt, cites weaker growth". The Daily Telegraph (London). 15 April 2011. 
  79. ^ Rushe, Dominic (4 October 2011). "Italy downgrade deepens contagion fears over euro debt crisis". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 4 October 2011. 
  80. ^ Kennedy, Simon; Donahue, Patrick; Deen, Mark (13 January 2012). "France to Lose AAA Rating From S&P: Fin Min". Bloomberg. 
  81. ^ "United States loses prized AAA credit rating from S&P". Reuters. 6 August 2011. 
  82. ^ Agencies, And (19 September 2011). "S&P downgrades Italy as Greek austerity row forces global stock markets lower". The Telegraph (London). Retrieved 19 September 2011. 
  83. ^ Fujioka, Toru (24 August 2011). "Japan Unveils Billion to Fight Surging Yen as Moody’s Lowers Rating". Bloomberg. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  84. ^ McHugh, David (2012-02-21). "Greek bailout wards off disaster _ for now". Associated Press. Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  85. ^ "Does debt deal solve euro woes?". CNN. 27 October 2011. 
  86. ^ World Population Becomes More Urban Than Rural
  87. ^ "The end of population growth – Global Public Square – CNN.com Blogs". Globalpublicsquare.blogs.cnn.com. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  88. ^ "Generation X (and Y) Are History; What's Next?". CBS News. 
  89. ^ "Japan's population faces dramatic decline - CNN.com". CNN. 30 January 2012. 
  90. ^ Kotkin, Joel. Forbes http://www.forbes.com/sites/joelkotkin/2012/05/30/whats-really-behind-europes-decline-its-the-birth-rates-stupid/ |url= missing title (help). 
  91. ^ http://geography.about.com/od/obtainpopulationdata/a/russiapop.htm
  92. ^ "World Briefing". The New York Times. 1 July 2006. 
  93. ^ "'A robot is my friend': Can machines care for elderly?". BBC News. 16 November 2013. 
  94. ^ http://japandailypress.com/japan-pushing-for-low-cost-nursing-home-robots-to-care-for-elderly-2927943/
  95. ^ "John Boehner: Raise Social Security Retirement Age to 70 – Political Hotsheet". CBS News. Retrieved 10 November 2011. [dead link]
  96. ^ Bragdon, Tarren. "Time to Raise Social Security’s Retirement Age". Heritage.org. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  97. ^ Sahadi, Jeanne (2 August 2010). "Ruckus over raising the Social Security retirement age – August 2, 2010". CNN. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  98. ^ O'Brien, Michael (29 June 2010). "Top Republican: Raise Social Security's retirement age to 70 – The Hill's Blog Briefing Room". Thehill.com. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  99. ^ "Cain's 'Chilean Model' – Latest Headlines". Investors.com. 29 September 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  100. ^ "p45". Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  101. ^ Celia Bigelow (3 October 2011). "Chilean Model of Social Security". FreedomWorks. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  102. ^ http://www.fee.org/pdf/the-freeman/0905RMEcolumn.pdf
  103. ^ "Ron Paul on Social Security". Issues2000.org. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  104. ^ "What's Wrong with Social Security and How to Abolish It". Freecolorado.com. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  105. ^ http://www.nbcnews.com/id/40103988/ns/world_news-europe/t/france-raises-retirement-age-despite-protests/#.UwS0gPldWa8
  106. ^ Rowley, Emma (6 June 2012). "French president Francois Hollande cuts retirement age". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  107. ^ "Generic Congressional Ballot – Rasmussen Reports™". Rasmussenreports.com. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  108. ^ [2][dead link]
  109. ^ Zeke Miller (10 August 2011). "Americans Want Higher Taxes On Wealthy, No Entitlement Reform In 'Super Committee' Deal". Businessinsider.com. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  110. ^ Posted on 5 September 2011 (5 September 2011). "Herman Cain: Obama "Just Doesn't Have A Clue" On Economic Issues". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  111. ^ "Democracy Corps/Women’s Voices. Women Vote Action Fund Frequency Questionnaire" (PDF). Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  112. ^ "Congressional Favorability Ratings – Rasmussen Reports™". Rasmussenreports.com. 27 October 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  113. ^ [3][dead link]
  114. ^ Omaha World-Herald (2012-05-10). "Young people lead way in changing gay marriage attitudes". Omaha.com. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  115. ^ http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/americas/united-states/120511/obama-gay-marriage-LGBT
  116. ^ "United Nations News Centre - UN issues first report on human rights of gay and lesbian people". Un.org. 2011-12-15. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  117. ^ "UN issues first resolution condemning discrimination against gay people". The Guardian (London). 17 June 2011. 
  118. ^ Halloran, Liz (2011-09-20). "With Repeal Of 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell,' An Era Ends". NPR. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  119. ^ O'Keefe, Ed; Whitlock, Craig (22 July 2011). "Pentagon ready to allow gays to serve openly". The Washington Post. 
  120. ^ Theodore B. Olson (2010-01-08). "The Conservative Case For Gay Marriage - Newsweek and The Daily Beast". Thedailybeast.com. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  121. ^ Mathias, Christopher (13 October 2011). "GOP Senators Rewarded For Gay Marriage Support". Huffington Post. 
  122. ^ Weiner, Rachel (25 June 2012). "Republicans slowly warming to gay marriage". The Washington Post. 
  123. ^ "In GOP, support for same-sex marriage is growing". CNN. 9 May 2012. 
  124. ^ "Same-sex marriages scheduled for 2015". Se-law.co.uk. 2012-05-07. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  125. ^ Jackie Calmes and Peter Baker (9 May 2012). "Obama Says Same-Sex Marriage Should Be Legal". The New York Times. 
  126. ^ Sink, Justin (23 May 2012). "Poll: More Americans support gay marriage after Obama announcement". The Hill. 
  127. ^ http://worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/07/27/19699629-homosexual-propaganda-law-signals-latest-russian-crackdown?lite
  128. ^ Schwirtz, Michael (29 February 2012). "Anti-Gay Law Stirs Fears in Russia". The New York Times. 
  129. ^ Luhn, Alec (26 July 2013). "Russia faces vodka boycott in backlash against anti-gay law". The Guardian. 
  130. ^ http://www.newsobserver.com/2013/07/26/3060535/us-gay-rights-activists-press.html
  131. ^ Pete Thomas. "Skateboarding school helps to empower kids in Afghanistan". GrindTV. 
  132. ^ The bold urban future starts now - Dream City - Salon.com
  133. ^ http://trends.truliablog.com/2012/10/even-after-the-housing-bust-americans-still-love-the-suburbs/
  134. ^ "Recession, it turns out, is good for fuel economy. Gas mileage for 2009 model cars and trucks showed the largest increase since the oil crisis of nearly three decades ago, according to an annual report by the Environmental Protection Agency: energy". Reddit.com. 18 November 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  135. ^ http://uk.news.yahoo.com/5/20110119/twl-superpower-talks-china-faces-tough-u-3fd0ae9.html
  136. ^ Moskowitz, Clara (30 November 2010). "Baby Names Reveal More About Parents Than Ever Before". LiveScience. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2011. 
  137. ^ Roth, Zachary (28 October 2010). "The end of the Sun Belt boom? | The Lookout – Yahoo! News". News.yahoo.com. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  138. ^ Hope Yen. "Census: Long-distance moves in US hit record low". Yahoo!. 
  139. ^ a b "30 Years Later: An End to AIDS?". Fox News. 2 June 2011. 
  140. ^ Copping, Jasper (4 Nov 2012). "UFO enthusiasts admit the truth may not be out there after all". The Telegraph (London). 
  141. ^ "'Artificial life' breakthrough announced by scientists". BBC. 20 May 2010. 
  142. ^ Sample, Ian (6 May 2010). "Neanderthals live on in DNA of humans". The Guardian. 
  143. ^ praneeth kalluri (2012-07-04). "God particle : New particle found !!". YouTube. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  144. ^ "IPCC website". Ipcc.ch. Archived from the original on 22 June 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  145. ^ Melissa Davey (June 12, 2014). "Earth may have underground 'ocean' three times that on surface". The Guardian. 
  146. ^ Trinidad, Katherine; Nicole Cloutier-Lemasters, Cheryl Gundy, Ray Villard (1 January 2010). "NASA Astronaut John Grunsfeld, Instrumental to Hubble Telescope Repair, Will Help Oversee its Science Operations". NASA. Archived from the original on 11 January 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2010. 
  147. ^ Rigby, Bill (19 April 2013). "Microsoft multiyear license growth softens pain of PC decline". Reuters. 
  148. ^ Paul McDougall. "iPad Is Top Selling Tech Gadget Ever". InformationWeek. 
  149. ^ Dan Nosowitz. "The Internet Officially Runs Out of Addresses Today, But It's Not Cause for Panic". Popular Science. 
  150. ^ By website optimization on March 29, 2011 AM (29 March 2011). "Over 2 Billion Internet Users Worldwide – Wireless Broadband 30% Slower than Wired – March 2011 Bandwidth Report". Websiteoptimization.com. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  151. ^ Florence Labedays. "Mobile Broadband Users to Top One Billion Mark in 2011". Mobiledia. 
  152. ^ Newark, Charles (20 June 2011). "Mobile Apps Put the Web in Their Rear-view Mirror". Blog.flurry.com. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  153. ^ Matt Warman (21 May 2012). "Google Chrome beats Internet Explorer to become world's most popular web browser". Telegraph. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  154. ^ Broida, Rick (13 November 2013). "How to rent movies now that Blockbuster is dead". CNET. 
  155. ^ Thibodeau, Patrick (10 June 2008). "IBM breaks petaflop barrier". InfoWorld. 
  156. ^ Klint Finley (2 Jun 2011). "GitHub Has Surpassed Sourceforge and Google Code in Popularity". ReadWriteWeb. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  157. ^ "Git User's Survey 2009". 
  158. ^ http://www.pewforum.org/2013/08/06/living-to-120-and-beyond-americans-views-on-aging-medical-advances-and-radical-life-extension/
  159. ^ "Qantas cancels flights for a third day". The Sydney Morning Herald. 18 April 2010. Retrieved 18 April 2010. 
  160. ^ Wearden, Graeme (16 April 2010). "Ash cloud costing airlines m a day". The Guardian (London). Archived from the original on 18 April 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2010. 
  161. ^ "All 33 Chile miners freed in flawless rescue". Chile: MSNBC. 13 October 2010. Archived from the original on 13 October 2010. Retrieved 14 October 2010. 
  162. ^ Grimley, Naomi (29 April 2011). "Royal wedding: The world watches William and Kate". BBC News. Retrieved 16 May 2011. 
  163. ^ What Could the Next Decade Hold for Architecture? - Sustainability, Business, Technology - Architect Magazine
  164. ^ Alcorn & Benton Architects | Paul Benton - Energy saving techniques and green architecture methods stand to cut costs, reduce consumption dramatically in the coming decade | L...
  165. ^ Storefront for Art and Architecture | Programming: Events: Gareth Doherty
  166. ^ Bjarke Ingels: Hedonistic sustainability | Video on TED.com
  167. ^ China's Architecture - National Geographic Magazine
  168. ^ Bad boy architects & China's new face|Home|chinadaily.com.cn
  169. ^ Is China Architects’ New Dubai? | ArchDaily
  170. ^ Infinity Towers give new twist to Dubai's skyline - The National
  171. ^ Architecture in Recession: U.A.E. - BusinessWeek
  172. ^ Is China recession proof? - McKinsey Quarterly - Economic Studies - Country Reports
  173. ^ China Pushes Shanghai As International Financial Centre
  174. ^ "China to make Shanghai global yuan hub by 2015". Reuters. 30 January 2012. 
  175. ^ "Three Gorges to become center for China power grid in 2011: official". Gov.cn. 19 May 2006. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  176. ^ "Kingdom Tower: Tallest of the tall". Chicago Tribune. 
  177. ^ 1980s style Baseball jacket
  178. ^ Oh my God, entertainment industry people are still pitching for SOPA - Boing Boing
  179. ^ How To Fix The Entertainment Industry Without Passing Stupid Laws - Business Insider
  180. ^ Peter Levinsohn - Building Future Digital Business | Carsey-Wolf Center at UC Santa Barbara
  181. ^ Goldman, David (16 August 2010). "Hulu IPO: Major test for Internet TV business". CNN. 
  182. ^ "Viacom vs. YouTube, Round 2". Los Angeles Times. 6 April 2012. 
  183. ^ Entertainment Industry Still Can't Get Grassroots Support For SOPA/PIPA, Resorts To Trying To Buy Support | Techdirt
  184. ^ "Sopa and Pipa protests not over, says Wikipedia". BBC News. 19 January 2012. 
  185. ^ Gillmor, Dan (20 January 2012). "The struggle against Sopa and Pipa is not over". The Guardian (London). 
  186. ^ YouTube vs Hulu
  187. ^ Cable providers losing ground in fight with ‘cord-cutting' - Leader-Telegram: Daily Updates
  188. ^ "Netflix, Hulu, YouTube Corner The Traditional TV Market With Their Own Programming". Huffington Post. 27 January 2012. 
  189. ^ Wrenn, Eddie (20 April 2014). "Avatar: How James Cameron's 3D film could change the face of cinema forever". Daily Mail (London). 
  190. ^ "Fox says 'Avatar' is costliest film it's ever made". CNN. 7 December 2009. 
  191. ^ Robey, Tim (19 December 2009). "Avatar: changing the face of film for ever". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  192. ^ "'Avatar' Wins Box Office, Nears Domestic Record". ABC News. Archived from the original on 3 February 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2010. 
  193. ^ 4 Reasons 3D Movies Aren't Just a Fad
  194. ^ James Cameron Says 3D Is Not A Fad, It’s A Renaissance | Rama's Screen
  195. ^ "Leap of faith: The Princess and the Frog". The Independent (London). 18 January 2010. 
  196. ^ "TRADITIONAL 2D ANIMATION – DOWN BUT NOT OUT! - Starting a business". Biznik.com. 2010-12-22. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  197. ^ Studio Ghibli’s 'The Secret World of Arrietty' Reminds Us of the Wonders of Hand-Drawn Animation » Metro Pulse
  198. ^ "'Toy Story 3' Reaches Billion". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. 29 July 2010. Archived from the original on 30 August 2010. Retrieved 21 August 2010. 
  199. ^ "Top TV Shows on Facebook". Fan Page List. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  200. ^ Rushe, Dominic (17 April 2011). "Facebook and reality TV leave US soap operas all washed up". The Guardian (London). 
  201. ^ The Decline Of The American Soap Opera | Daytime Confidential
  202. ^ In the Wake of ABC Soap Opera Cancellation, Is the Death of Soap Opera an Inevitability? | Fast Company
  203. ^ "Tufte Telenovelas". Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  204. ^ Carter, Nicole (8 March 2010). "'The Hurt Locker' is lowest-grossing movie to ever win Best Picture, but it may get post-Oscar bump". NY Daily News (New York). Archived from the original on 10 March 2010. Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  205. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0266308/releaseinfo
  206. ^ "Royale Terror". Time. 30 June 2003. 
  207. ^ Amter, Charlie (9 November 2010). "'Euro-hop' music invades America". CNN. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  208. ^ "Blog Archive » Why Electronic Music Rules". dfDubReport. 9 December 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  209. ^ Grandoni, Dino (21 September 2011). "The iPod Is About to Die – Yahoo! News". News.yahoo.com. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  210. ^ "MP3 Insider: Top five ways MP3 has changed the world – CNET Reviews". Reviews.cnet.com. 20 July 2005. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  211. ^ "Music and Reality TV". Buzzle.com. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  212. ^ David Goldman (2 February 2010). "Music's lost decade: Sales cut in half". CNN. 
  213. ^ Reyonolds, Simon (2011-07-15). "The Songs of Now Sound a Lot Like Then". New York Times. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  214. ^ By Kurt AndersenIllustration by James Taylor (2012-03-21). "Kurt Andersen: From Fashion to Housewares, Are We in a Decades-Long Design Rut?". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  215. ^ Segall, Laurie (2012-01-05). "Digital music sales top physical sales". CNN. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  216. ^ "'Nevermind,' never again?". CNN. 2011-09-23. Retrieved 27 October 2011. 
  217. ^ McCormick, Neil (2009-08-05). "La Roux, Lady Gaga, Mika, Little Boots: the 80s are back". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  218. ^ Vena, Jocelyn (2011-10-27). "Justin Bieber, Drake, More: When Hip-Hop Goes Pop". MTV. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  219. ^ "Dubstep Invasion – Kid Kenobi & Glovecats | Star Online". Starobserver.com.au. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  220. ^ "Ultimate Drumstep". http://www.loopmasters.com/product/details/1616. Retrieved 10 May 2013. 
  221. ^ Polonsky, Sarah. "DnB Vet Bailey Talks Intabeats Series, Spin Sherpa Grooverider And The Dubstep Situation". Vibe. Retrieved May 29, 2013. 
  222. ^ "IQON - Experience The Beyond". Australia: Q-dance. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  223. ^ "Q-dance: A Ten-Year Retrospective". Q-dance. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  224. ^ "Hardstyle Industry - Hardstyle Events". Australia: Hardstyle Industry. Retrieved 22 May 2013. 
  225. ^ The Entertainment Software Association - Industry Facts
  226. ^ Richtel, Matt (11 June 2009). "Video Games Aren't Recession-Proof". The New York Times. 
  227. ^ Stuart, Keith (18 November 2011). "Modern Warfare 3 smashes records: $775m in sales in five days". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  228. ^ E3 2011: The Future of PC Gaming | PCWorld
  229. ^ Blizzard dominates May PC game sales - TechSpot News
  230. ^ Best PC games - CNET Reviews
  231. ^ Microsoft: Xbox 360 'about halfway' through g - Shacknews.com - Video Game News, Trailers, Game Videos, and Files
  232. ^ PlayStation 4 In The Works, Sony Confirms - IndustryGamers
  233. ^ Microsoft Won't Release Xbox 720 Until 2014, Analyst Pred... | Xbox 720 News | GameZone
  234. ^ Alpeyev, Pavel (19 June 2011). "Nintendo May Fail to Replicate Wii Success as IPhone Games Bloom". Bloomberg. 
  235. ^ Facebook Gaming: 10 Facebook Games Stats | Digital Buzz Blog
  236. ^ Smith, Mike (23 March 2010). "Nintendo announces new 3D-enabled DS". Videogames.yahoo.com. Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  237. ^ Sara Yin (15 December 2010). "OnLive Receives Cloud-Gaming Patent". PCMag. 
  238. ^ Active Gaming :: Nelson Physical Therapy and Wellness
  239. ^ Video Games a Good Supplement to Physical Therapy for ICU Patients | GamePolitics
  240. ^ Elderly gamers ‘fall less’ (Science Alert)
  241. ^ Elderly gamers take to Wii system's physically active controls / LJWorld.com