2011–12 Süper Lig

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Süper Lig
Season 2011–12
Champions Galatasaray
Relegated Ankaragücü
Manisaspor
Samsunspor
Champions League Galatasaray
Fenerbahçe
Europa League Trabzonspor
Bursaspor
Eskişehirspor
Matches played 306
Goals scored 788 (2.58 per match)
Top goalscorer Burak Yılmaz (33 goals)
Biggest home win Fenerbahçe 6–1 Gençlerbirliği
Gaziantepspor 5–0 İstanbul BB
Biggest away win Ankaragücü 0–5 Kayserispor
Highest scoring Kayserispor 6–2 Sivasspor
Karabükspor 3–5 Mersin İ. Y.
Longest winning run 9 games
Galatasaray
Longest unbeaten run 14 games
Galatasaray
Longest winless run 16 games
Ankaragücü
Longest losing run 15 games
Ankaragücü
Average attendance 11,250[1]

The 2011–12 Süper Lig (known as the Spor Toto Süper Lig for sponsorship reasons) was the 54th season of the Süper Lig, the top level football league of Turkey. Fenerbahçe were the defending champions. The start date of the league was due to be 7 August 2011,[2] but due to the match fixing scandal in Turkey it began instead on 9 September 2011 and was concluded on 12 May 2012. Galatasaray won their 18th title.[3] A new format was introduced this season, in which after the regular season two play-off groups were played to decide over the Champions League and Europa League starting rounds. Points of the regular season were halved for ranking in those.

Teams[edit]

Bucaspor, Kasımpaşa and Konyaspor were relegated at the end of the 2010–11 season after finishing in the bottom three places of the standings.

The relegated teams were replaced by 2010–11 TFF First League champions Mersin İdman Yurdu, runners-up Samsunspor and Orduspor promotion play-off winners. Samsunspor returned to Süper Lig after 5 years of absence, and Mersin İdman Yurdu promoted to Turkey's top league after 28 years. Finally Orduspor returned to Süper Lig after 25 years of absence.[4]

Managerial changes[edit]

Team Outgoing manager Manner of departure Date of vacancy Replaced by Date of appointment
Gaziantepspor Turkey Tolunay Kafkas Resigned 26 September 2011[5] Turkey Abdullah Ercan 30 September 2011[6]
Karabükspor Turkey Yücel İldiz Resigned 5 November 2011[7] Turkey Bülent Korkmaz 8 November 2011[8]
İstanbul BB Turkey Abdullah Avcı Assigned as Turkey head coach 17 November 2011[9] Turkey Arif Erdem 18 November 2011[10]
Ankaragücü Turkey Ziya Doğan Resigned 13 December 2011[11] Turkey Hakan Kutlu 14 December 2011[12]
Orduspor Turkey Metin Diyadin Resigned 13 December 2011[13] Argentina Héctor Cúper 19 December 2011[14]
Eskişehirspor Germany Michael Skibbe Mutually terminated 22 December 2011[15] Turkey Ersun Yanal 24 December 2011[16]
Manisaspor Turkey Kemal Özdeş Resigned 24 January 2012[17] Turkey Ümit Özat 26 January 2012[18]
Gaziantepspor Turkey Abdullah Ercan Resigned 26 January 2012[19] Turkey Hikmet Karaman 26 January 2012[19]
Samsunspor Bosnia and Herzegovina Vladimir Petković Resigned 27 January 2012[20] Turkey Mesut Bakkal 27 January 2012[20]
Manisaspor Turkey Ümit Özat Mutually terminated 28 February 2012[21] Turkey Reha Erginer 29 February 2012[22]

League table[edit]

Pos
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Qualification or relegation
Head-to-head
1 Galatasaray A.Ş. 34 23 8 3 69 24 +45 77 Süper Final, Championship group
2 Fenerbahçe A.Ş. 34 20 8 6 61 34 +27 68
3 Trabzonspor A.Ş. 34 15 11 8 60 39 +21 56
4 Beşiktaş A.Ş. 34 15 10 9 50 39 +11 55
5 Eskişehirspor 34 14 8 12 42 41 +1 50 Süper Final, Europa League group ESK: 8 pts
İBB: 5 pts
SİV: 2 pts
6 İstanbul B.B. 34 14 8 12 48 49 −1 50
7 Sivasspor 34 13 11 10 57 54 +3 50
8 Bursaspor 34 13 10 11 44 35 +9 49 BUR 4-0 GEN
GEN 2-2 BUR
9 Gençlerbirliği 34 13 10 11 49 48 +1 49
10 Gaziantepspor 34 13 9 12 39 33 +6 48
11 Kayserispor 34 13 5 16 42 39 +3 44 KAY 2–0 KAR
KAR 1–0 KAY
12 Karabükspor 34 13 5 16 44 56 −12 44
13 Mersin İ.Y. 34 12 6 16 34 45 −11 42 MİY 1–0 ORD
ORD 0–1 MİY
14 Orduspor 34 10 12 12 28 34 −6 42
15 Antalyaspor A.Ş. 34 10 9 15 32 42 −10 39
16 Samsunspor (R) 34 9 9 16 36 47 −11 36 Relegation to the 2012–13 TFF First League
17 Manisaspor (R) 34 8 8 18 31 52 −21 32
18 MKE Ankaragücü (R) 34 2 5 27 22 77 −55 11

Updated to games played on 8 April 2012.
Source: TFF's official Süper Lig website
Rules for classification:
(C) = Champion; (R) = Relegated; (P) = Promoted; (E) = Eliminated; (O) = Play-off winner; (A) = Advances to a further round.
Only applicable when the season is not finished:
(Q) = Qualified to the phase of tournament indicated; (TQ) = Qualified to tournament, but not yet to the particular phase indicated; (RQ) = Qualified to the relegation tournament indicated; (DQ) = Disqualified from tournament.

Positions by round[edit]

Team \ Round 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34
MKE Ankaragücü 12 15 17 17 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18
Antalyaspor A.Ş. 7 5 6 8 10 14 11 13 14 14 14 14 13 14 12 12 12 13 12 9 9 11 11 13 10 13 10 12 14 15 15 15 15 15
Beşiktaş A.Ş. 13 6 5 3 4 7 5 6 4 7 6 5 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4
Bursaspor 1 1 4 7 6 8 8 8 9 12 8 10 10 12 13 13 13 12 9 11 12 13 10 12 12 10 9 9 8 7 5 6 5 8
Eskişehirspor 4 2 1 5 9 12 15 15 10 8 12 9 7 4 4 4 4 4 4 7 7 7 9 7 7 7 7 7 6 5 6 8 8 5
Fenerbahçe A.Ş. 8 3 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Galatasaray A.Ş. 17 8 8 6 2 2 2 3 2 3 3 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Gaziantepspor 15 16 18 18 17 17 17 14 15 15 15 17 15 15 15 15 15 14 14 15 14 15 14 15 15 16 16 15 13 14 13 10 10 10
Gençlerbirliği 11 7 8 11 14 9 12 9 11 10 10 11 12 10 9 6 5 5 6 5 4 6 5 5 4 5 5 5 5 6 7 7 6 9
İstanbul B.B. 2 4 3 1 3 2 4 4 3 4 5 4 5 6 6 7 9 11 13 13 10 8 7 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 9 6
Karabükspor 5 8 8 14 15 16 14 16 16 16 16 15 16 16 16 16 16 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 15 14 14 15 13 14 14 11 12
Kayserispor 18 17 13 15 16 13 9 11 13 13 13 13 11 9 8 9 7 9 10 10 11 9 8 9 9 11 12 13 11 12 12 13 13 11
Manisaspor 9 13 15 16 13 11 7 5 7 5 4 3 4 5 5 8 10 10 11 12 13 12 15 14 14 14 15 16 17 16 16 17 17 17
Mersin İ.Y. 6 12 7 4 5 6 10 12 8 9 9 7 8 8 7 5 6 7 8 8 8 10 13 11 13 12 13 11 10 11 10 11 12 13
Orduspor 16 10 11 12 8 5 3 2 6 6 7 8 9 13 14 14 14 15 15 14 15 14 12 10 11 9 11 10 11 10 11 12 14 14
Samsunspor 3 11 12 13 12 15 16 17 17 17 17 16 17 17 17 17 17 16 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 16 17 17 16 16 16
Sivasspor 14 18 14 9 11 10 13 10 12 11 11 12 14 11 11 11 11 8 7 6 5 4 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 8 8 5 7 7
Trabzonspor A.Ş. 10 13 16 10 7 4 6 7 5 2 2 6 6 7 10 10 8 6 5 4 6 5 4 4 5 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3

Last updated: 8 April 2012
Source: tff.org (Turkish)

Results[edit]

Home \ Away[1] ANG ANT BEŞ BUR ESK FEN GAL GAZ GEN İBB KRB KAY MAN MİY ORD SAM SİV TRA
MKE Ankaragücü 0–3 0–0 0–0 2–5 0–2 0–3 0–0 0–1 1–2 2–1 0–5 0–1 1–2 0–2 0–3 1–2 0–4
Antalyaspor A.Ş. 1–0 1–2 1–3 0–0 0–0 0–0 1–0 2–2 2–1 2–1 1–0 2–1 1–2 1–1 0–2 2–2 2–1
Beşiktaş A.Ş. 3–1 1–0 3–1 2–0 2–2 0–0 3–2 3–2 1–1 1–0 0–2 4–1 0–1 2–1 0–1 3–1 1–2
Bursaspor 2–1 0–0 1–2 0–1 0–2 1–0 0–2 4–0 2–1 3–0 3–0 0–0 1–0 0–0 1–0 1–2 1–1
Eskişehirspor 3–2 1–0 2–1 1–1 2–1 0–0 0–2 0–0 3–1 1–2 1–0 0–2 2–0 0–1 1–0 1–1 0–2
Fenerbahçe A.Ş. 4–2 2–0 2–0 1–0 1–0 2–2 3–1 6–1 4–2 1–0 4–0 1–1 2–1 1–0 0–0 4–2 1–0
Galatasaray A.Ş. 4–0 1–1 3–2 2–1 2–0 3–1 2–4 2–0 4–1 5–1 1–0 1–0 0–0 2–0 3–1 2–1 1–1
Gaziantepspor 1–0 1–0 0–0 2–2 0–1 1–3 1–2 3–0 5–0 3–0 1–2 1–1 1–0 1–0 1–0 2–1 0–1
Gençlerbirliği 1–1 3–0 4–2 2–2 2–1 0–0 0–1 1–0 4–0 2–1 1–0 3–0 1–2 3–1 1–1 3–3 1–1
İstanbul B.B. 3–0 4–0 2–2 0–0 2–2 3–2 2–0 3–1 1–0 2–2 1–0 3–2 0–0 1–1 3–0 1–1 0–2
Karabükspor 3–2 2–1 1–1 3–1 1–2 2–1 1–1 0–0 2–1 2–0 1–0 2–1 3–5 1–2 2–1 2–1 2–1
Kayserispor 3–0 0–1 1–0 0–2 2–2 0–1 0–2 1–1 2–3 1–0 2–0 2–0 2–2 1–0 2–0 6–2 3–3
Manisaspor 2–0 1–0 1–4 1–3 2–3 1–2 0–4 0–2 0–1 0–2 2–1 1–0 2–0 0–0 1–1 1–3 1–1
Mersin İ.Y. 1–2 0–2 0–1 1–3 0–0 1–2 1–3 2–0 2–1 2–0 0–2 1–2 0–0 1–0 1–0 1–5 1–1
Orduspor 2–0 3–2 1–1 1–1 2–1 1–1 0–2 0–0 0–0 1–0 3–2 1–0 1–0 0–1 0–0 1–2 0–0
Samsunspor 2–2 1–0 1–1 0–3 3–1 3–1 2–4 0–0 3–2 2–4 0–0 0–1 1–2 2–0 2–0 1–2 1–1
Sivasspor 3–0 2–1 1–1 3–0 0–4 2–0 0–4 0–0 1–1 0–1 2–0 1–1 2–2 1–0 1–1 3–2 2–2
Trabzonspor A.Ş. 3–2 2–2 0–1 2–1 4–1 1–1 0–3 4–0 1–2 0–1 3–1 2–1 2–1 2–3 4–1 4–0 2–1

Updated to games played on 30 March 2012.
Source: tff.org (Turkish)
^ The home team is listed in the left-hand column.
Colours: Blue = home team win; Yellow = draw; Red = away team win.

European play-offs[edit]

Championship group[edit]

Table[edit]

Pos
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Qualification or relegation
1 Galatasaray A.Ş. (C) 6 2 3 1 9 6 +3 48 2012–13 UEFA Champions League Group stage
2 Fenerbahçe A.Ş. 6 4 1 1 9 4 +5 47 2012–13 UEFA Champions League Third qualifying round
3 Trabzonspor A.Ş. 6 1 2 3 5 10 −5 33 2012–13 UEFA Europa League Play-off round 1
4 Beşiktaş A.Ş. 6 1 2 3 5 8 −3 33 Banned from 2012–13 European competitions 2

Updated to games played on 12 May 2012.
Source: SporToto Süper Lig official website
Rules for classification:
1 Trabzonspor entered the play-off round as Fenerbahçe, the winners of the 2011–12 Turkish Cup, already qualified for the Champions League. Moreover, as Beşiktaş is banned 1 year from European football, Europa League spots shifted down, so Bursaspor start from the third qualifying round, as well as Eskişehirspor start from the second qualifying round.
2 See 2012–13 UEFA Europa League qualification play-off match. Moreover, as Beşiktaş is banned 1 year from European football, Europa League spots shifted down.
(C) = Champion; (R) = Relegated; (P) = Promoted; (E) = Eliminated; (O) = Play-off winner; (A) = Advances to a further round.
Only applicable when the season is not finished:
(Q) = Qualified to the phase of tournament indicated; (TQ) = Qualified to tournament, but not yet to the particular phase indicated; (RQ) = Qualified to the relegation tournament indicated; (DQ) = Disqualified from tournament.

Results[edit]

Home \ Away[1] BEŞ FEN GAL TRA
Beşiktaş A.Ş. 1–0 0–2 1–1
Fenerbahçe A.Ş. 2–1 0–0 2–0
Galatasaray A.Ş. 2–2 1–2 0–0
Trabzonspor A.Ş. 1–0 1–3 2–4

Source:[citation needed]
^ The home team is listed in the left-hand column.
Colours: Blue = home team win; Yellow = draw; Red = away team win.
For coming matches, an a indicates there is an article about the match.

Europa League group[edit]

Table[edit]

Pos
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Qualification or relegation
5 Bursaspor 6 4 0 2 12 10 +2 37 2012–13 UEFA Europa League Third qualifying round 1
6 Eskişehirspor 6 3 2 1 12 7 +5 36 2012–13 UEFA Europa League Second qualifying round 1
7 İstanbul B.B. 6 2 1 3 11 14 −3 32
8 Sivasspor 6 1 1 4 9 13 −4 29

Updated to games played on 12 May 2012.
Source: SporToto Süper Lig official website
Rules for classification:
1 See 2012–13 UEFA Europa League qualification play-off match. Moreover, as Beşiktaş is banned 1 year from European football, Europa League spots shifted down.
(C) = Champion; (R) = Relegated; (P) = Promoted; (E) = Eliminated; (O) = Play-off winner; (A) = Advances to a further round.
Only applicable when the season is not finished:
(Q) = Qualified to the phase of tournament indicated; (TQ) = Qualified to tournament, but not yet to the particular phase indicated; (RQ) = Qualified to the relegation tournament indicated; (DQ) = Disqualified from tournament.

Results[edit]

Home \ Away[1] BUR ESK İBB SİV
Bursaspor 3–2 3–2 2–0
Eskişehirspor 2–0 3–1 1–1
İstanbul B.B. 0–4 1–1 4–2
Sivasspor 4–0 1–3 1–2

Source:[citation needed]
^ The home team is listed in the left-hand column.
Colours: Blue = home team win; Yellow = draw; Red = away team win.
For coming matches, an a indicates there is an article about the match.

2012–13 UEFA Europa League qualification play-off match[edit]

Beşiktaş (the fourth-placed team of the Champions League group) and the winners of the Europa League group would play for a spot in the second qualifying round of the 2012–13 UEFA Europa League. But the match was cancelled as Bursaspor, the 2011–12 Turkish Cup finalists against Champions League-qualified Fenerbahçe, wins the Europa League group. Bursaspor lost the cup final, and as a result, they qualified for the Europa League second qualifying round, and Beşiktaş qualified for the Europa League third qualifying round. But on May 30, 2012; UEFA banned Beşiktaş one year from UEFA competitions, so UEFA Europa League spots shifted down.[23] Bursaspor were also initially banned from entering the Europa League, but this was overturned by the Court of Arbitration for Sport.[24]

Spor Toto Cup[edit]

Group A[edit]

Table[edit]

Pos
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Qualification or relegation
1 Orduspor 6 6 0 0 17 6 +11 18 Spor Toto Cup Final
2 Karabükspor 6 3 1 2 14 10 +4 10
3 MKE Ankaragücü 6 1 1 4 4 13 −9 4
4 Samsunspor 6 0 2 4 4 10 −6 2

Updated to games played on 2 May 2012.
Source: TFF
Rules for classification:
(C) = Champion; (R) = Relegated; (P) = Promoted; (E) = Eliminated; (O) = Play-off winner; (A) = Advances to a further round.
Only applicable when the season is not finished:
(Q) = Qualified to the phase of tournament indicated; (TQ) = Qualified to tournament, but not yet to the particular phase indicated; (RQ) = Qualified to the relegation tournament indicated; (DQ) = Disqualified from tournament.

Results[edit]

Home \ Away[1] ANG KRB ORD SAM
MKE Ankaragücü 1–5 0–3 1–0
Karabükspor 3–1 2–4 1–1
Orduspor 2–1 2–1 1–0
Samsunspor 0–0 1–2 2–5

Source:[citation needed]
^ The home team is listed in the left-hand column.
Colours: Blue = home team win; Yellow = draw; Red = away team win.

Group B[edit]

Table[edit]

Pos
Team
Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
Qualification or relegation
1 Gaziantepspor 6 4 0 2 15 9 +6 12 Spor Toto Cup Final
2 Gençlerbirliği 6 3 0 3 9 10 −1 9
3 Antalyaspor A.Ş. 6 3 0 3 12 12 0 9
4 Kayserispor 6 2 0 4 6 11 −5 6

Updated to games played on 2 May 2012.
Source: TFF
Rules for classification:
(C) = Champion; (R) = Relegated; (P) = Promoted; (E) = Eliminated; (O) = Play-off winner; (A) = Advances to a further round.
Only applicable when the season is not finished:
(Q) = Qualified to the phase of tournament indicated; (TQ) = Qualified to tournament, but not yet to the particular phase indicated; (RQ) = Qualified to the relegation tournament indicated; (DQ) = Disqualified from tournament.

Results[edit]

Home \ Away[1] ANT GAZ GEN KAY
Antalyaspor A.Ş. 4–2 1–3 3–1
Gaziantepspor 3–1 4–0 3–2
Gençlerbirliği 3–2 0–2 0–1
Kayserispor 0–1 2–1 0–3

Source:[citation needed]
^ The home team is listed in the left-hand column.
Colours: Blue = home team win; Yellow = draw; Red = away team win.

Spor Toto Cup Final[edit]

Top goalscorers[edit]

Including play-off matches [25]

Rank Player Club Goals
1 Turkey Burak Yılmaz Trabzonspor 33
2 Senegal Diomansy Kamara Eskişehirspor 15
Cameroon Herve Tum Gençlerbirliği 15
Nigeria Michael Eneramo Sivasspor 15
Cameroon Pierre Webó İstanbul BB 15
6 Brazil Alex Fenerbahçe 14
Brazil Doka Madureira İstanbul BB 14
8 Turkey Necati Ateş Antalyaspor/Galatasaray 13
Argentina Pablo Batalla Bursaspor 13
Turkey Selçuk İnan Galatasaray 13

Hat-tricks[edit]

Player For Against Result Date
Turkey Burak Yılmaz Trabzonspor Kardemir Karabükspor 3–1 24 September 2011
Turkey Burak Yılmaz Trabzonspor Orduspor 4–1 22 December 2011
Greece Theofanis Gekas Samsunspor Fenerbahçe 3–1 2 February 2012

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/alarm-bells-ringing-as-football-stadia-attendance-hit-new-low.aspx?pageID=238&nID=10075&NewsCatID=362
  2. ^ TFF official page 2011-2012 Spor Toto Super League to start on 7 August. Retrieved on 26 June 2012.
  3. ^ TFF official page Spor Toto Super League to start on 9 September. Retrieved on 10 August 2012.
  4. ^ http://www.tff.org/default.aspx?pageID=287&ftxtID=12724
  5. ^ "Kamuoyuna duyuru" (in Turkish). Gaziantepspor Official Website. 26 September 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "Abdullah Ercan Sözleşme İmzaladı" (in Turkish). Karabükspor Official Website. Retrieved 2011-11-08. 
  7. ^ "Karabük'te bir dönem sona erdi" (in Turkish). NTVSpor.net. 5 November 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "Bülent Korkmaz ıle Prensipte Anlaşmaya Varılmıştır" (in Turkish). Karabükspor Official Website. Retrieved 2011-11-08. 
  9. ^ "Abdullah Avcı'ya teşekkür ederiz" (in Turkish). İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyespor Official Website. Retrieved 2011-11-08. 
  10. ^ "Belediye'de Arif Erdem dönemi" (in Turkish). NTVSpor.net. Retrieved 2011-11-18. 
  11. ^ "Ziya Doğan görevini bıraktı" (in Turkish). NTVSpor.net. 13 December 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  12. ^ "Ankaragücü'nde Hakan Kutlu dönemi" (in Turkish). NTVSpor.net. 14 December 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2011. 
  13. ^ "Türkmen, Metin Hoca'ya Teşekkür Edip, Başarılar Diledi" (in Turkish). Orduspor.org.tr. 13 December 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  14. ^ "Hector Cuper, 4 yardımcısıyla Ordu'ya geliyor!" (in Turkish). NTVSpor.net. 19 December 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  15. ^ "Kamuoyuna duyuru" (in Turkish). Eskisehirspor.org. 22 December 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  16. ^ "Eskişehirspor'da Ersun Yanal dönemi" (in Turkish). NTVSpor.net. 24 December 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2011. 
  17. ^ "Manisaspor'da Kemal Özdeş dönemi sona erdi" (in Turkish). NTVSpor.net. 24 January 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2012. 
  18. ^ "Manisaspor'da Ümit Özat dönemi" (in Turkish). NTVSpor.net. 26 January 2012. Retrieved 26 January 2011. 
  19. ^ a b "G.Antepspor'da Ercan gitti, Karaman geldi" (in Turkish). NTVSpor.net. 26 January 2012. Retrieved 26 January 2012. 
  20. ^ a b "Samsunspor'da Mesut Bakkal dönemi" (in Turkish). NTVSpor.net. 27 January 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  21. ^ "Manisaspor, Ümit Özat ile yollarını ayırdı" (in Turkish). NTVSpor.net. 28 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  22. ^ "Manisaspor'da Reha Erginer dönemi" (in Turkish). NTVSpor.net. 29 February 2012. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  23. ^ http://www.goal.com/en-gb/news/2931/go-global/2012/05/30/3136602/uefa-ban-besiktas-bursaspor-and-gaziantepspor-from-european
  24. ^ "UEFA statement on Bursaspor case". UEFA.com. 23 June 2012. 
  25. ^ "Spor Toto Süper Lig Gol Krallığı (2011-12)" (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. Retrieved 5 March 2012.