2011 Manhattan terrorism plot
|2011 Manhattan terrorism plot|
|Location||Manhattan, New York|
|Date||Suspects arrested on May 11, 2011|
|Plot to bomb a synagogue and other targets in Manhattan|
|Motive||Politics and anti-Semitism|
The 2011 Manhattan terrorism plot was alleged to be an alleged conspiracy by two Muslim Arab-Americans to bomb various targets in the Manhattan borough of New York City, New York, USA. It was alleged that they planned to attack an unspecified synagogue and one of them expressed interest in blowing up a church and the Empire State Building. New York City law enforcement arrested the two suspects, 26-year-old Ahmed Ferhani and 20-year-old Mohamed Mamdouh, in a sting operation on May 11, 2011. Their plot was motivated primarily by "politics and anti-Semitism," according to the authorities.
On May 12, 2011, New York City law enforcement officials announced that two suspects, Ahmed Ferhani and Mohamed Mamdouh, had been arrested for allegedly trying to purchase weapons, including three pistols and hand grenades, as part of a terror plot to attack an unspecified Manhattan synagogue. New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg said both suspects wanted to attack a "major synagogue." Mr. Ferhani is alleged to also have expressed an interest in blowing up a church in Queens and the Empire State Building. Prior to their arrest, the two men had already obtained some guns. Ferhani allegedly was trying to sell drugs to fund the attacks.
An undercover detective had been investigating one of the suspects, Ahmed Ferhani, for several months. In October 2010, Ferhani was arrested on a robbery charge in Manhattan, when the detective overhead Ferhani saying he hated Jews and was upset with the way Muslims, especially Palestinians, were treated around the world. According to New York City Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly, Ferhani once said, "They're treating us like dogs." Ferhani also told the detective about "his intent to participate in jihad" and that "he would become a martyr." Eventually Ferhani brought Mamdouh into the plot, who prosecutors said is on tape saying he hated Jews.
According to Manhattan District Attorney Cyrus Vance, the authorities decided to act because Ferhani's "plans became bigger and more violent with every passing week." In several meetings with the undercover detective, Ferhani discussed the idea of attacking a synagogue, even suggesting disguising himself as a worshiping Jew so he could infiltrate the synagogue and leave a bomb inside.
On May 11, 2011, the NYPD set up an arms deal as a sting operation on Manhattan's West Side. In the deal, one of the undercover officers handed Ferhani a bag containing three handguns, three boxes of ammo and an inert (not operational) grenade. Once Ferhani placed the bag in the trunk of his car, the police swarmed and arrested him, as well as Mamdouh, who was nearby. As soon as Ferhani put the bag into the trunk of a car, he was arrested, the complaint said. Mamdouh, who had been dropped off nearby before the buy, was arrested soon afterward.
On the evening of May 12, 2011, the two suspects were arraigned in a Manhattan courtroom on terrorism charges. Prosecutor Margaret Gandy listed the charges and evidence, and the two were detained without bail. According to The Wall Street Journal, "The arrests mark the first time New York state terrorism charges, rather than federal, will be used against individuals suspected in a terror plot." According to a source quoted by The Wall Street Journal, NYPD detectives brought the case to the Joint Terrorism Task Force, which decided not to take part due to concerns that the case was not strong enough to secure a conviction. A New York State grand jury decided to indict the suspects on lesser charges, and declined to indict them on the more serious charges such as second-degree conspiracy.
At trial in March 2012, one of Ferhani's attorneys, Elizabeth Fink, argued that he had been entrapped by law enforcement authorities. In a December 2012 plea bargain, Ferhani pled guilty to terrorism conspiracy and terrorism-related weapons possession charges. He was later sentenced to ten years in prison.
The two suspects, 26-year-old Ahmed Ferhani and 20-year-old Mohamed Mamdouh, are both Arab-Muslim immigrants from North Africa that live in East Elmhurst, Queens. Ferhani, considered the ringleader of the plot, is from Algeria, from where he and his parents were granted asylum some 10 years prior. He was under review for possible deportation for failing to show up at immigration hearings where he would have been questioned about his arrest record. Mamdouh, the accomplice, is a U.S. citizen from Morocco.
At the time of attack, Ferhani was unemployed but previously worked as a cosmetic sales clerk at Saks Fifth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan. According to one his friends and former co-worker at Saks, he had dreams of being a model or actor and moving out to California. The friend also said Ferhani was not particularly religious, drank alcohol and was an aspiring hip-hop performer. Ferhani also had been arrested six times previously, including an October 2010 robbery of a prostitute. All the cases were eventually dismissed and sealed.
A high-ranking NYPD terrorism official said that Ferhani and Mamdouh represented a new kind of threat: "They weren't waiting for guidance from [Osama] bin Laden, they weren't looking to go overseas. They were confident they could do it themselves. These guys were also no religious experts. They weren't driven by religion. It's really more politics and anti-Semitism."
- 2005 Los Angeles bomb plot
- 2009 Bronx terrorism plot
- 2000 New York terror attack
- Islamic extremism in the United States
- Sean Gardiner, Pervaiz Shallwani and Michael Howard Shaul (May 14, 2011). "Terror Suspect Details Emerge". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- Richard Esposito, Mark Crudele and Aaron Katersky (May 12, 2011). "Two Arrested in New York City Synagogue Attack Plot Sting". ABC News. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- "Al Qaeda's hardmen: New York terror suspect is wannabe model who worked as MAKE-UP salesman at Saks (and his co-conspirator has a record for kicking a poodle)". Daily Mail. May 13, 2011. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- Colleen Long and Jennifer Peltz (May 13, 2011). "2 men accused of plotting to bomb NYC synagogue". AP. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- Sean Gardiner,Pervaiz Shallwani and Devlin Barrett (May 13, 2011). "Grenade Attack Suspects Charged". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- Moynihan, Colin; Rashbaum, William K. (June 15, 2011). "Most Serious Charges Are Rejected in Terror Case". The New York Times. Retrieved July 5, 2011.
- Lawyers for Man Accused in Terrorism Plot Make Case for Dismissal New York Times, March 13, 2012
- Did the NYPD Entrap Ahmed Ferhani?The Nation, March 5, 2013
- Queens Man Pleads Guilty in Plot to Blow Up Manhattan SynagogueNew York Times, December 4, 2012
- David Seifman, Jamie Schram and Dan Mangan (May 13, 2011). "New video shows takedown of 2 Queens men who plotted to blow up Manhattan synogogues". New York Post. Retrieved May 14, 2011.