2011 Southeast Asian floods

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The 2011 monsoon season saw one record flood event in Indochina across several countries and a few separate limited flood events parts of the same nations: Thailand, Cambodia and Myanmar and heavy flooding in Vietnam. Meanwhile, Laos also sustained flood damage. By late October 2011, 2.3 million people have been hit by flooding in Thailand, while the flooding in Cambodia has affected close to 1.2 million people, according to estimates by the United Nations.[1] Unrelated to the northern floods, Southern Thailand near Malaysia has been lashed with flooding in early November[2] and again in December also affecting as far north as Chumporn. In the November event, Southern Thailand near Hat Yai was hit, North-central Vietnam had their own event in October. Myanmar had reported a series of limited but still deadly and destructive events from June to October.

The 2011 typhoon season in Philippines overlapped the monsoon season in Indochina, and the country was hit by a series of storms over the course of 4 months: Typhoon Nesat in September, which was followed shortly after by Typhoon Nalgae, and then in December by Tropical Storm Washi, which hit on an unusual track, timing and location.

All told, well over 2,828 have lost their lives to a series of flooding events of varying origins in Southeast Asia since August 2011 in the above mentioned nations, world-wide supply-chain disruptions occurred in technology sector, and billion-dollar losses and severe parts shortages rippled to corporations of developed nations, and the assumption of safety from flood waters was put into question in many nations thought or assumed to be prepared.

Damage and casualties[edit]

Country Deaths Paddy Inundated (Hectares) Economic Damage Homes Under water Cities Real-time reporting (Channels)
 Thailand 730[3][4] 1,327,740.64 (calculated from 8,298,379 Rai of paddy fields damaged by the flood)[5] Total damage US$45 billion (1440 billion Baht) (including to foreign nations and corporations) and an immediate economic cost of 1.3-1.5% Thai national GDP[6] 766,267[7] Nakhon Sawan, Phitsanulok, Ayutthaya, Pathum Thani, Chainat, Sing Buri More NBT, Thai PBS
 Cambodia 250[8] though likely underreported as reports mysteriously stopped just as overseas government aid was accepted. 445,530[9] US$ 100-161 Million[9][10] 196,600 houses inundated; 600 houses completely wiped out[10] Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Kampong Thom TVK, Bayon Television
 Vietnam 78 (Mekong)[11] +46 (north central Vietnam)[12] 99,000[13] US$ 135 million[11] 137,000[11] An Giang, Đồng Tháp, Long An, Cần Thơ, Kiên Giang No real-time reporting
 Laos 34[14] 64,400[15] US$ 174 million (1.39 Trillion Kip)[15] est. 140,000 (from the number of those who suffer from the flood in Laos at 422,900 people)[15] Khammouane No real-time reporting
 Philippines 35 (Tropical Storm Aere)
4 (Typhoon Songda)
2 (Severe Tropical Storm Meari)
75 (Tropical Storm Nock-ten)
35 (Typhoon Nanmadol)
83 (Typhoon Nesat)
1 (Typhoon Nalgae)
10 (Tropical Storm Banyan)
1257; 85 missing (Tropical Storm Washi)[16]
N/A US$ 325 Million (PHP 14 billion)[16]
See 2011 Pacific typhoon season
N/A Metro Manila, Cagayan de Oro, Iligan ABS-CBN
 Myanmar 215+ (late October alone)[17] 1.7m tons[18] 20,000 from early October event only Mandalay, Magwe, Bago, Irrawaddy, Sagaing, Kayin, Mon, Kayah, Chin and Rakhine States. No real-time reporting
 Malaysia 19 deaths, 122 missing  ?  ? 207 Pahang, Johor, Terengganu Radio Televisyen Malaysia, TV3

In Myanmar, the Mandalay, Magwe, Bago, Irrawaddy, Sagaing, Kayin, Mon, Kayah, Chin and Rakhine States and regions are heavily affected.[19] " there were cases of deaths and loss of homes in Kyauk Hta Yan, Htonebo, Myo Lulin and Tatkone villages in Myothit Township, Magwe Region" in early October.[19] "The local authorities and parties have not provided assistance. These local authorities even harassed us by questioning us and prohibited us to give assistance.”[19] Flooding also has been affecting Shan State. In August, towards the beginning of the monsoon, central Bago city was inundated requiring boats for navigation and some deaths.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fuller, Thomas (November 2, 2011). "Relief Is Slow to Reach Cambodia Flood Victims - Cambodia Floods Affect More Than A Million". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  2. ^ http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/local/205050/prompt-response-to-hat-yai-floods
  3. ^ Sanguanpong, Wiboon. "Flood Report by the Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation". Government of Thailand. 24/7 Emergency Operation Center for Flood, Storms and Landslide. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  4. ^ "สรุปรายงานสถานการณ์สาธารณภัย (อุทกภัย)". Disaster.go.th. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  5. ^ http://www.moac.go.th/ewt_dl_link.php?nid=7257&filename=index
  6. ^ "Business - Manager Online - หอการค้าฯ ตั้ง คกก.เฉพาะกิจ ดูแลวิกฤตน้ำท่วม คาด “จีดีพี” วูบ 1.3-1.5%". Manager.co.th. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  7. ^ "24/7 Emergency Operation Center for Flood, Storms and Landslide". 24/7 Emergency Operation Center for Flood, Storm and Landslide by Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation, Ministry of Interior. 11 October 2011. Retrieved 12 October 2011. 
  8. ^ Sakada, Chun (October 14, 2011). "Flooding Claims 250 Lives, as Government Response Continues". Voice of America. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  9. ^ a b "Subscription Plans". The Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  10. ^ a b "Floods claim 207 lives, affect 1.2 million people in Cambodia: official release". News.xinhuanet.com. 2011-10-10. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  11. ^ a b c "Death toll from Vietnam floods climbs to 100 - Home » Other Sections » Breaking News". Philstar.com. 2011-11-09. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  12. ^ "Vietnam Investment Review - Death toll rises to 46 after 2nd flood in central Vietnam". Vir.com.vn. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  13. ^ "Floods drown Asia's rice bowl (AFP) – AsiaWorks Newswire". Asiaworks.com. 2011-10-06. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  14. ^ [1][dead link]
  15. ^ a b c ຊົງຣິດ ໂພນເງິນ (2011-09-27). "Lao Government Estimating Heavy Flood Damage of More Than 1 Trillion Kips | Lao". Voanews.com. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  16. ^ a b "Floods in Philippines could last a month: Official". news.asiaone.com. 8 October 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  17. ^ "Burma flooding deaths top 200 | ReliefWeb". Reliefweb.int. 2011-10-24. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  18. ^ "Burmese rice production to fall due to untimely rain". Mizzima.com. 2011-10-07. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  19. ^ a b c "NLD stretched thin: relying on local offices to aid flood victims". Mizzima.com. 2011-10-11. Retrieved 2012-10-29. 
  20. ^ "Myanmar Times & Business Reviews". Mmtimes.com. Retrieved 2012-10-29.