2011 Tour de France
|2011 UCI World Tour, race 17 of 27|
|Route of the 2011 Tour de France|
|Distance||3,430 km (2,131 mi)|
|Winning time||86h 12′ 22″ (39.79 km/h or 24.72 mph)|
|Winner||Cadel Evans (AUS)||(BMC Racing Team)|
|Second||Andy Schleck (LUX)||(Leopard Trek)|
|Third||Fränk Schleck (LUX)||(Leopard Trek)|
|Points||Mark Cavendish (GBR)||(HTC-Highroad)|
|Mountains||Samuel Sánchez (ESP)||(Euskaltel-Euskadi)|
|Youth||Pierre Rolland (FRA)||(Team Europcar)|
The 2011 Tour de France was the 98th edition of the race. It started on 2 July at the Passage du Gois and ended on the Champs-Élysées in Paris on 24 July. The cyclists competed in 21 stages over 23 days, covering a distance of 3,430 kilometres (2,130 mi). The route entered Italy for part of two stages, including an overnight stop.
The emphasis was on the Alps in 2011, as it was on the Pyrenees in 2010, commemorating the 100th anniversary of those peaks first being visited in the Tour. The Col du Galibier was visited twice during the race and the 18th stage was the first time the peloton finished on the 2,645-metre (8,678 ft) pass. It was the highest summit finish in Tour history, beating the finish of the Col du Granon (2,413 metres (7,917 ft)) during the 1986 Tour. For only the second time since 1967, the 2011 Tour started with a mass start stage instead of a prologue, the last occasion being in 2008.
Australian Cadel Evans won the race, having gained the lead in a time-trial on the penultimate day. He became the first Australian to win the race, and at 34, the oldest post-war winner. The de facto winner of the previous edition, Andy Schleck of Luxembourg, was second, and his brother Fränk Schleck third. Mark Cavendish was the first British winner of the points classification, Pierre Rolland won the young rider competition and Samuel Sánchez of Spain won the mountains category.
Rule changes 
Previously, stages classified flat had three intermediate sprint points worth 6, 4, and 2 points to the first three riders across the line. Starting in 2011, flat stages have just one intermediate sprint, but it is now worth 20 points to the first rider across the line, and the first 15 score points. The intention is to have green jersey favourites needing to sprint twice during the day to score well. Points awarded at the finish of flat stages also increased, from 35 points for the winner in 2010 to 45. Medium mountain stages award 30 points to the winner, high mountain stages and the individual time trial 20 points.
Previously in the mountains classification, any hors catégorie, first-category, or second-category climb awarded double points if it was the last of the day. In 2011, only the summit stage finishes awarded double points, specifically stage 12 ending at Luz Ardiden, stage 14 at the Plateau de Beille, stage 18 at the Col du Galibier, and stage 19 at L'Alpe d'Huez. Previously the first eight riders across a first-category climb scored points, as well as the first six across a second-category and the first four across a third-category. The new points schedule for the mountains classification is:
- Climbs rated "hors catégorie" (HC): 20, 16, 12, 8, 4 and 2 points awarded for first 6 riders to reach the summit.
- Category 1: 10, 8, 6, 4, 2 and 1 points awarded for first 6 riders to reach the summit.
- Category 2: 5, 3, 2 and 1 points awarded for first 4 riders to reach the summit.
- Category 3: 2 and 1 points awarded for first 2 riders to reach the summit.
- Category 4: 1 point awarded for first rider to reach the summit.
Early analysis led to speculation that the mountains classification winner would be more likely, under this system, to be a general classification contender than in years past. This speculation proved accurate, as Samuel Sánchez, who finished 6th in the general classification, took the polka-dot jersey, and the top three finishers in the GC were in the top five of the mountains classification.
†: Invited Pro-continental teams
Pre-race favourites 
2010 winner Alberto Contador was suspended from cycling during a doping investigation from September 2010 to February 2011, during which time 2010 runner-up Andy Schleck was regarded as the favourite. When the suspension was lifted, Contador declared his desire to compete in both the Tour and the 2011 Giro d'Italia, which he went on to win. Of the others listed among the favourites, Denis Menchov is a member of the Geox-TMC team, who were not invited to participate.
Race summary 
Classics specialist Philippe Gilbert took the first yellow jersey, winning the opening stage in the Vendée, but on the second day Garmin-Cervélo were the fastest on the team time trial, allowing Thor Hushovd to take the race leadership, which he retained for seven days. The first week and a half was notable for the number of crashes involving high profile riders, with Andreas Klöden, Bradley Wiggins, Alexandre Vinokourov, Janez Brajkovič, Chris Horner and Jurgen Van Den Broeck all having to withdraw injured, while Robert Gesink, Alberto Contador, Samuel Sánchez and Levi Leipheimer all lost considerable amounts of time and condition due to falls. There was controversy when Nicki Sørensen was struck by a motorbike carrying a photographer, and Johnny Hoogerland and Juan Antonio Flecha were injured after an incident with a television car. A breakaway on stage nine saw Thomas Voeckler gain the overall lead, which he kept, contrary to expectation, through the Pyrenean and all but one of the Alpine stages, and for ten racing days in total.
The key time differences between the riders who eventually took the top three places in the general classification, Cadel Evans of BMC Racing Team, Luxembourger Andy Schleck, and his older brother and Leopard Trek teammate Fränk, occurred on stage 16, when Evans gained 21 seconds on Fränk Schleck and 1'09" on Andy on the descent to Gap in wet conditions; stage 18, when a 60 km breakaway by Andy Schleck gave him an advantage of more than two minutes at the highest stage finish in tour history at the Col du Galibier; and on the penultimate day, when Evans came second in a time trial and beat the Luxembourgish pair by more than two and a half minutes to secure victory. Both Andy Schleck and Evans wore the yellow jersey for only one day each: Schleck for the time trial, and Evans on the final, largely ceremonial, stage in Paris.
The stages that were suited to sprint finishes were dominated by Manx sprinter Mark Cavendish, who won five stages, including a record third successive victory on the final stage on the Avenue des Champs-Élysées in Paris. In doing so, he won the points category, ahead of José Joaquín Rojas and Philippe Gilbert, becoming the first British rider to claim the maillot vert.
The mountains category was won by Spaniard Samuel Sánchez, who had a win and two second places on the four mountain-top finishes. Andy Schleck finished second in that category, with Belgian Jelle Vanendert third.
Pierre Rolland won the young riders category, largely by virtue of positions he attained in supporting his team leader, Voeckler, during the time he held the yellow jersey, but he also earned a stage win on the prestigious climb to Alpe d'Huez.
|1||2 July||Passage du Gois – Mont des Alouettes||191.5 km (119 mi)||Flat stage||Philippe Gilbert (BEL)|
|2||3 July||Les Essarts – Les Essarts||23.0 km (14 mi)||Team time trial||Garmin-Cervélo|
|3||4 July||Olonne-sur-Mer – Redon||198.0 km (123 mi)||Flat stage||Tyler Farrar (USA)|
|4||5 July||Lorient – Mûr-de-Bretagne||172.5 km (107 mi)||Flat stage||Cadel Evans (AUS)|
|5||6 July||Carhaix – Cap Fréhel||164.5 km (102 mi)||Flat stage||Mark Cavendish (GBR)|
|6||7 July||Dinan – Lisieux||226.5 km (141 mi)||Flat stage||Edvald Boasson Hagen (NOR)|
|7||8 July||Le Mans – Châteauroux||218.0 km (135 mi)||Flat stage||Mark Cavendish (GBR)|
|8||9 July||Aigurande – Super-Besse||189.0 km (117 mi)||Medium-mountain stage||Rui Costa (POR)|
|9||10 July||Issoire – Saint-Flour||208.0 km (129 mi)||Medium-mountain stage||Luis León Sánchez (ESP)|
|11 July||Rest day|
|10||12 July||Aurillac – Carmaux||158.0 km (98 mi)||Flat stage||André Greipel (GER)|
|11||13 July||Blaye-les-Mines – Lavaur||167.5 km (104 mi)||Flat stage||Mark Cavendish (GBR)|
|12||14 July||Cugnaux – Luz Ardiden||211.0 km (131 mi)||Mountain stage||Samuel Sánchez (ESP)|
|13||15 July||Pau – Lourdes||152.5 km (95 mi)||Mountain stage||Thor Hushovd (NOR)|
|14||16 July||Saint-Gaudens – Plateau de Beille||168.5 km (105 mi)||Mountain stage||Jelle Vanendert (BEL)|
|15||17 July||Limoux – Montpellier||192.5 km (120 mi)||Flat stage||Mark Cavendish (GBR)|
|18 July||Rest day|
|16||19 July||Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux – Gap||162.5 km (101 mi)||Medium-mountain stage||Thor Hushovd (NOR)|
|17||20 July||Gap – Pinerolo||179.0 km (111 mi)||Mountain stage||Edvald Boasson Hagen (NOR)|
|18||21 July||Pinerolo – Col du Galibier / Serre Chevalier||200.5 km (125 mi)||Mountain stage||Andy Schleck (LUX)|
|19||22 July||Modane – L'Alpe d'Huez||109.5 km (68 mi)||Mountain stage||Pierre Rolland (FRA)|
|20||23 July||Grenoble – Grenoble||42.5 km (26 mi)||Individual time trial||Tony Martin (GER)|
|21||24 July||Créteil – Paris (Champs-Élysées)||95.0 km (59 mi)||Flat stage||Mark Cavendish (GBR)|
Classification leadership 
- In stage 2, Cadel Evans, who was second in the points classification, wore the green jersey, as Philippe Gilbert held the general classification as well as the points classification and the King of the Mountains classification. Thor Hushovd, who was third in both the general and points classifications, sported the polka-dot jersey.
- In stage 3, as Philippe Gilbert held the points classification as well as the King of the Mountains classification, Cadel Evans, who was second on the only hill yielding points to that stage, wore the polka-dot jersey.
- After stage 9, both Juan Antonio Flecha and Johnny Hoogerland were awarded the red number for stage 10. They received the combativity award after stage 9 for finishing the stage despite being sideswiped by a television car. Flecha refused to accept the award on the podium after the stage; Hoogerland, having already been up there to receive the polka-dot jersey, did take the award.
Final standings 
After the race finished, the results from Alberto Contador were removed. Contador had originally finished in fifth place, 3'57" from Evans. In the points classification, Contador was tenth with 105 points, and in the mountains classification Contador was sixth with 51 points.
General classification 
|1||Cadel Evans (AUS)||BMC Racing Team||86h 12′ 22″|
|2||Andy Schleck (LUX)||Leopard Trek||+ 1′ 34″|
|3||Fränk Schleck (LUX)||Leopard Trek||+ 2′ 30″|
|4||Thomas Voeckler (FRA)||Team Europcar||+ 3′ 20″|
|5||Samuel Sánchez (ESP)||Euskaltel-Euskadi||+ 4′ 55″|
|6||Damiano Cunego (ITA)||Lampre-ISD||+ 6′ 05″|
|7||Ivan Basso (ITA)||Liquigas-Cannondale||+ 7′ 23″|
|8||Tom Danielson (USA)||Garmin-Cervélo||+ 8′ 15″|
|9||Jean-Christophe Péraud (FRA)||Ag2r-La Mondiale||+ 10′ 11″|
|10||Pierre Rolland (FRA)||Team Europcar||+ 10′ 43″|
Points classification 
|1||Mark Cavendish (GBR)||HTC-Highroad||334|
|2||José Joaquín Rojas (ESP)||Movistar Team||272|
|3||Philippe Gilbert (BEL)||Omega Pharma-Lotto||236|
|4||Cadel Evans (AUS)||BMC Racing Team||208|
|5||Thor Hushovd (NOR)||Garmin-Cervélo||195|
|6||Edvald Boasson Hagen (NOR)||Team Sky||192|
|7||André Greipel (GER)||Omega Pharma-Lotto||160|
|8||Tyler Farrar (USA)||Garmin-Cervélo||127|
|9||Samuel Sánchez (ESP)||Euskaltel-Euskadi||105|
|10||Jeremy Roy (FRA)||FDJ||104|
King of the Mountains classification 
|1||Samuel Sánchez (ESP)||Euskaltel-Euskadi||108|
|2||Andy Schleck (LUX)||Leopard Trek||98|
|3||Jelle Vanendert (BEL)||Omega Pharma-Lotto||74|
|4||Cadel Evans (AUS)||BMC Racing Team||58|
|5||Fränk Schleck (LUX)||Leopard Trek||56|
|6||Jérémy Roy (FRA)||FDJ||45|
|7||Pierre Rolland (FRA)||Team Europcar||44|
|8||Maxim Iglinskiy (KAZ)||Astana||40|
|9||Johnny Hoogerland (NED)||Vacansoleil-DCM||40|
|10||Sylvain Chavanel (FRA)||Quick Step||38|
Young Riders classification 
|1||Pierre Rolland (FRA)||Team Europcar||86h 23′ 05″|
|2||Rein Taaramäe (EST)||Cofidis||+ 46″|
|3||Jérôme Coppel (FRA)||Saur-Sojasun||+ 7′ 53″|
|4||Arnold Jeannesson (FRA)||FDJ||+ 10′ 37″|
|5||Rob Ruijgh (NED)||Vacansoleil-DCM||+ 22′ 21″|
|6||Rigoberto Urán (COL)||Team Sky||+ 32′ 05″|
|7||Geraint Thomas (GBR)||Team Sky||+ 50′ 05″|
|8||Robert Gesink (NED)||Rabobank||+ 54′ 26″|
|9||Cyril Gautier (FRA)||Team Europcar||+ 1h 17′ 00″|
|10||Andrey Zeits (KAZ)||Astana||+ 1h 21′ 05″|
Team classification 
|1||Garmin-Cervélo||258h 18′ 49″|
|2||Leopard Trek||+ 11′ 04″|
|3||Ag2r-La Mondiale||+ 11′ 20″|
|4||Team Europcar||+ 41′ 53″|
|5||Euskaltel-Euskadi||+ 52′ 00″|
|6||Team Sky||+ 58′ 24″|
|7||Team Katusha||+ 1h 09′ 39″|
|8||Saxo Bank-SunGard||+ 1h 16′ 12″|
|9||FDJ||+ 1h 30′ 16″|
|10||Cofidis||+ 1h 47′ 29″|
World rankings points 
The Tour de France was one of 27 events throughout the season that contributed points towards the 2011 UCI World Tour. Points were awarded to the top 20 finishers overall, and to the top five finishers in each stage. Only riders on UCI ProTour teams were eligible to receive rankings points.
Prize money 
In total, more than €3.5 million was distributed during the Tour. Initially, each team received €51,243, while each team with at least seven riders finishing the Tour received €1600 per rider. The winner of the General Classification received €450,000, with smaller prizes for each finishing position, down to €400 for the last rider.
The stage winner was awarded €8,000 on a normal stage and €10,000 for a time trial. The money gradually decreases, with the 20th finisher receiving €200. The first person to cross the intermediate sprint wins €1,500. Money is also awarded for crossing the categorized climbs, for the best young rider of each stage, the most combative rider, and the best team of the stage.
|Team time trial||€10,000||€5,000||€2,500||€1,000||€800||€700||€600||€600||€500||€500|
|Hors Category Mtn.||€800||€450||€300||–|
|1st Category Mtn.||€650||€400||€150||–|
|2nd Category Mtn.||€500||€250||–|
|3rd Category Mtn.||€300||–|
|4th Category Mtn.||€200||–|
Two other special prizes were awarded. The first to ascend the Col du Tourmalet and the Col du Galibier receive the souvenir Jacques Goddet and the souvenir Henri Desgrange respectively. Each prize awarded €5,000.
|Pos.||Team||Prize Money||Major Awards|
|Jerseys/Awards||Stage Wins||Top 10 Classifications
(or best outside top 10)
|1||BMC Racing Team||€493,990||1||1st|
|2||Leopard Trek||€395,310||Souvenir Henri Desgrange||1||2nd & 3rd|
Souvenir Jacques Goddet
Doping cases 
After the fifth stage, Alexandre Kolobnev tested positive for hydrochlorothiazide. When the news came out, he withdrew, and his results were annulled. In March 2012, the CAS decided that Kolobnev would only receive a warning for this, and no suspension, because his use of the drug was justified by 'medical reasons unrelated to performance'.
All other doping tests were negative.
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