List of earthquakes in Canada

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This is a list of earthquakes in Canada:


List of notable earthquakes[edit]

Date Time‡ Place Latitude Longitude Fatalities Magnitude Comments Sources
February 5, 1663 17:30 (local time) Charlevoix–Kamouraska Region
see 1663 Charlevoix earthquake
47.60 -70.10 7.0 Mw [1]
January 26, 1700 21:00 (local time)
see 1700 Cascadia earthquake
48.50 -125.00 8.7–9.2 Mw This earthquake was linked to the "orphan tsunami" in Japan [1]
September 16, 1732 11:00 (local time) Montreal
see 1732 Montreal earthquake
45.50 -73.60 5.8 Mw [1]
December 6, 1791 20:00 (local time) Charlevoix 47.4 -70.5 6.0 [1]
October 17, 1860 06:15 (local time) Charlevoix 47.5 -70.1 6.0 [1]
October 20, 1870 11:30 (local time) Charlevoix 47.4 -70.5 6.5 [1]
December 15, 1872 05:37 Washington State
see 1872 North Cascades earthquake
47.76 -119.90 6.5–7.0 Mw [1]
September 4, 1899 00:22 Yukon–Alaska border 60.00 -140.00 8.2 Ms [1]
December 6, 1918 08:41:08 Vancouver Island
see 1918 Vancouver Island earthquake
49.44 -126.22 7.2 Mw [1]
March 1, 1925 02:19:20 Charlevoix–Kamouraska
see 1925 Charlevoix–Kamouraska earthquake
47.8 -69.8 6.2 Mw [1]
May 26, 1929 22:39:54 South of Queen Charlotte Islands 51.51 -130.74 7.0 Mw [1]
November 18, 1929 20:32 Grand Banks of Newfoundland
see 1929 Grand Banks earthquake
44.5 -56.30 28 7.2 Mw Triggered a major underwater slump that caused a large tsunami, which devastated some coastal communities on Newfoundland [1]
November 20, 1933 23:21:32 Baffin Bay
see 1933 Baffin Bay earthquake
73.0 -70.75 7.3–7.4 Mw Largest known earthquake north of the Arctic Circle [1]
November 1, 1935 06:03:40 Timiskaming
see 1935 Timiskaming earthquake
46.78 79.07 6.1 Mw [1]
September 5, 1944 04:38:45 Cornwall, Ontario/Massena, New York
see 1944 Cornwall–Massena earthquake
44.97 -74.90 5.8 Mw [1]
June 23, 1946 17:13:26 Vancouver Island
see 1946 Vancouver Island earthquake
49.76 -125.34 2 7.3 Ms [1]
August 22, 1949 04:01:12 Queen Charlotte Islands
see 1949 Queen Charlotte Islands earthquake
53.62 -133.27 8.1 Mw [1]
July 10, 1958 06:15 Lituya Bay, Alaska
see 1958 Lituya Bay megatsunami
58.6 -137.10 5 8.3 MwTriggered a rockfall that caused a 524 m high tsunami [1]
June 24, 1970 13:09:08 Queen Charlotte Islands 51.77 -130.76 7.4 Mw [1]
February 28, 1979 13:27 (local time) Southern Yukon–Alaska Border 60.59 -141.47 7.2 Mw [1]
January 9, 1982 08:53 Miramichi, New Brunswick 47.00 -66.60 5.7 A pair of earthquakes, two days apart [1]
December 23, 1985 23:16 (local time) The Nahanni region
see 1985 Nahanni earthquakes
62.19 -124.24 6.9 Mw The strongest of a sequence of major earthquakes [1]
November 25, 1988 23:46:04 Saguenay
see 1988 Saguenay earthquake
48.12 -71.18 5.9 Mw [1]
December 25, 1989 14:24 Ungava Region
see 1989 Ungava earthquake
60.12 -73.60 6.3 Ms This was the first earthquake in eastern North America confirmed to have produced surface faulting [1]
October 19, 1996 04:33:51 Rocky Mountain House, Alberta 52.21 -115.21 3.8 Mn Maximum intensity V, no damage [2]
November 5, 1997 02:34:33 Quebec City
see 1997 Cap-Rouge earthquake
46.80 -71.42 1 5.1 Mn [2]
January 1, 2000 11:22:58 Temiscamingue Region
see 2000 Kipawa earthquake
46.84 -78.93 5.2 Mn [2]
February 28, 2001 18:54:32 Anderson Island
see 2001 Nisqually earthquake
47.15 -122.71 1 (USA) 6.8 Mw [2]
November 2, 2004 10:02:11 Vancouver Island 49.15 -129.00 6.6 Mw [2]
October 20, 2005 21:16:28 Owen Sound 44.68 -80.48 4.3 Mn [2]
February 25, 2006 01:39:22 Thurso, Quebec 45.65 -75.23 4.5 Mn [2]
October 9, 2007 see 2007–2008 Nazko earthquakes 52.88 -124.8 4.0 (or less) The first of a swarm of earthquakes that went on until June 12, 2008 [2]
January 5, 2008 11:01:01 Queen Charlotte Islands 51.07 -131.06 6.5 MwFollowed by a magnitude 6.4 earthquake just over 40 minutes later [2]
March 8, 2009 08:16:04 BoiestownDoaktown 46.60 -66.31 3.4 Mn [2]
November 17, 2009 15:30:41 Queen Charlotte Islands 51.82 -131.78 6.5 Mw [2]
February 28, 2010 03:51:24 Brownsburg-Chatham, Quebec 45.72 -74.46 3.9 Mn [2]
June 23, 2010 17:41:41 Ontario, Quebec
see 2010 Central Canada earthquake
45.88 -75.48 5.0 Mw [2]
August 7, 2010 14:34:42 Montmagny, Quebec 47.01 -70.65 3.5 Mn [2]
March 16, 2011 17:36:55 Hawkesbury, Ontario 45.58 -74.55 4.3 Mn [2]
September 9, 2011 19:31:34 Vancouver Island earthquake 2011 49.493 -126.967 6.4 Mw This earthquake, which lasted 20–30 seconds, was the strongest to hit the region in nearly 7 years. It occurred on a secondary strike-slip structure and not on the plate boundary itself [3]
August 4, 2012 14:27 (local time) 25 km W of Saint-Jean-Port-Joli, QC 47.23 70.6 3.8 [4]
August 19, 2012 279 km WSW of Tofino, BC - offshore 5.2 [4]
October 10, 2012 00:19 (local time) 21 km WNW of St-Hyacinthe, Quebec 4.5 [5][6]
October 27, 2012 20:04 (local time) Haida Gwaii Islands region (Formerly known as the Queen Charlotte Islands) 7.7 2012 Haida Gwaii earthquake [5]
May 17, 2013 09:43 (local time) 18 km NE of Shawville, QC, felt in the Ottawa-Gatineau area and out to Toronto and Waterloo. 5.2 2013 Ontario-Quebec Quake [5]

Abbreviations used:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Natural Resources Canada. "Important Canadian Earthquakes". Earthquakes Canada. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Natural Resources Canada. "Search results for earthquakes M>3.4, 1990-2011". Search the Earthquake Database. Retrieved 2 December 2011. 
  3. ^ Mann, Ted (September 10, 2011). "Vancouver Looks to New Zealand to Prepare for Quakes". The Atlantic Wire. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c http://www.earthquakescanada.nrcan.gc.ca/recent/index-eng.php/
  5. ^ a b c d http://www.earthquakescanada.nrcan.gc.ca/index-eng.php
  6. ^ http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/10/10/montreal-earthquake-2012-wednesday/
  7. ^ Natural Resources Canada (12 August 2011). "Frequently Asked Questions about Earthquakes (FAQ)". Retrieved 3 December 2011. 

External links[edit]