2011 dengue outbreak in Pakistan

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Dengue fever has become an important disease is Pakistan with increasing epidemics.[1] Despite the efforts of the Government of Pakistan, especially in Punjab, the high cost of treatment has limited the ability of Pakistan to control the epidemics.[2] In the summer of 2011, mortality from Dengue fever in Pakistan was over 300 people and the prevalence of the disease was over 14,000 infections. The outbreaks occurred mostly in the Lahore area, Punjab, Pakistan.

Death and casualties[edit]

In November 2010, more than 21,204 people were reportedly infected.[3] Those infected are mainly from Punjab, Pakistan. Patients are primarily admitted to government hospitals. For dengue patients, special wards have been arranged. The severity of the disease is felt in Lahore, the provincial metropolis of Punjab. Early reports showed that more than 170 people have died and several hundreds are admitted as new cases are confirmed.[4]

  • Secretary Punjab Mineral Development Corporation, Ataullah Siddiqui and Ghiasuddin, a Member of the Punjab Public Service Commission died as a result of the Dengue fever.[5][6][7]
  • On September 30, 2011, Punjab MPA Mumtaz Jajja also died of dengue fever in Lahore.[8]

Domestic reaction[edit]

Government Response[edit]

Government of Pakistan and provincial Government of Punjab (Pakistan) are working on the preventive measures to reduce the spread of the epidemic. The Government of Punjab has opened a hotline called Punjab Health Line Project For Dengue which can be reached at 0800-99000. This is to facilitate the circulation on the signs and symptoms of dengue fever, reach for help for suspected cases and ultimately help identifying areas where the epidemic may have spread. Teams have been organized for the purpose of fumigating, spraying and fogging those areas where the Aedes mosquitoes have known to infect people with the virus. Directions are in place for spraying especially in educational institutes. The government has issued orders to take strict action against any private school that do not observe to take the preventive measures. Mobile teams operate around the clock to treat affected on the spot in rural areas. A Special Tribunal for dengue directly reports to the provincial government. Chairman Dengue Emergency Response Committee Khawaja Saad Rafique has also advised private schools to spray twice a week. In early September 2011, the Government of Punjab (Pakistan) ordered the schools, colleges and universities in Punjab, Pakistan to close down for at least 10 days for intensive fogging to eliminate the vector mosquitoes.[11][12][13][14][15] Article 144 has been implemented in Lahore city for the prevention of dengue fever. After an appeal by the Government of Punjab (Pakistan), private hospitals have also agreed to provide free treatment to dengue patients.[16]

Reaction by Pakistan Armed Forces[edit]

In the current situation, the Pakistan Armed Forces are also actively involved in the fight against dengue fever epidemic. They are actively engaged in increasing public awareness and bringing relief to the victims by setting up 300 camps in Lahore city. The Pakistan Air Force is also prominently participating in the efforts.[17][18]

Awareness[edit]

Punjab government stated that it is working to increase public awareness on the dengue outbreak. In an awareness drive, Shahbaz Sharif himself arrived at local universities to hand out pamphlets on dengue fever and prevention. He held a telephonic seminar in Alhmara Hall in Lahore regarding the outbreak.[19] A seminar was also held in Hyderabad by the local authorities.[20] Various other awareness programs are held in colleges and schools and teachers are urged to educate students regarding this matter. The 24 hour government sponsored online service of the Punjab Health Line Project For Dengue provides information on the recent dengue outbreak and how to remove the threat using prevention methods.

International reactions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Why Pakistan Is Having The Dengue Epidemic Every Summer?". Medicalopedia. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  2. ^ "Dengue and Government of Pakistan". The Nation. 11 September 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "Dengue deaths reach 31; over 5,000 infected". ARY NEWS. 4 November 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-28. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "Vicious dengue continues taking lives". Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  5. ^ http://www.thenews.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=9000&Cat=13&dt=9/25/2011
  6. ^ "Secretary Died". The News. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "Secretary Mineral Punjab Died". Dunya News. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  8. ^ Five more, including PML-N MPA, die in Lahore, Express Tribune
  9. ^ "No end to Dengue fever in Punjab". The News. 14 September 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "Unbiased dengue bites Chinese workers as well". Pakistan Today. 15 September 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  11. ^ "Universities Closed for 10 days". Forum. Retrieved 14 September 2011. 
  12. ^ "Dengue alert: Punjab govt closes schools for 10 days". Express Tribune. 13 September 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "Educational Institutions Closed". Illm. Retrieved 14 September 2011. 
  14. ^ "Vector Mosquitoes Identification". 21 September 2011. 
  15. ^ "Vector (epidemiology)". 
  16. ^ "Private hospitals to treat dengue patients free of cost". Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  17. ^ "Reaction of Pakistan Armed Forces". Express Tribune. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  18. ^ "Reactions by Pakistan Army". The News INternational. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  19. ^ "Dengue Seminar". Waqt News. Retrieved 11 September 2011. 
  20. ^ "Hyderabad Seminar". Geo News. Retrieved 11 September 2011. 
  21. ^ "Sril Lanka's Help". Dawn News. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  22. ^ "Sri Lankan Government Comes in Action". Daily Jhang. 11 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  23. ^ "Sri Lankan Doctors Come to Lahore". Asian Correspondent. Retrieved 15 September 2011. 
  24. ^ "15 September 2011". Pakistan Today. Retrieved 15 September 2011. 
  25. ^ "Pakistan opt against DRS use in Sri Lanka and England Tests". Dawn. 12 September 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  26. ^ "Seven more succumb to dengue in city". Dawn. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  27. ^ "Pakistan hit by Dengue fever outbreak".