2012 G-20 Los Cabos summit

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2012 G-20 Mexico summit
Host country Mexico
Date June 18–19
Venue(s) Los Cabos Convention Center[1]
Cities San José del Cabo, Los Cabos, Baja California Sur
Participants G-20 (+Benin, Cambodia, Chile, Colombia, Ethiopia, Spain), FAO[2]
Follows Cannes summit, 2011
Precedes Russia summit, 2013
Website g20mexico.org

The 2012 G-20 Mexico Summit was the seventh meeting of the G-20 heads of government.[3]

It was held in the Los Cabos Convention Center,[1] Los Cabos, Baja California Sur, from June 18–19, 2012.[4]

Background[edit]

The final draft of G20 Toronto summit communique became the public announcement that the 2011 summit in France would be followed by a 2012 summit in Mexico.[3]

Preparations[edit]

Pre-planning for the summit began in 2010. In January, Mexican Deputy Foreign Minister Lourdes Aranda hosted a preliminary meeting in Mexico City. It was attended by "sherpas" (representatives) of the G20 foreign ministries.[5][6]

Agenda[edit]

Mexico believes the forum can better represent developing countries in both vision and policy. Under the leadership of President Felipe Calderón, Mexico will seek to expand the scope of the G-20's development focus.[7] Calderon also said of funding for the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that "it’s going to be the first time the fund is capitalized without the U.S., which reflects the importance of emerging markets." Brazilian Finance Minister Guido Mantega added that the BRICS countries were "going to make an additional contribution to the IMF that will be announced at the leaders’ meeting," in relation to similar amount announced by the group in April of about US$75 billion.[8] European leaders were pressured by major economies to resolve the European sovereign-debt crisis after New Democracy won a plurality Greek legislative election in June.[9]

Attendance[edit]

The list below shows the leaders that have attended the 2012 G-20 Leaders Summit.

State Represented by Title
Argentina Argentina Cristina Fernández de Kirchner President
Australia Australia Julia Gillard Prime Minister
Brazil Brazil Dilma Rousseff President
Canada Canada Stephen Harper Prime Minister
China China Hu Jintao President
France France François Hollande President
Germany Germany Angela Merkel Chancellor
India India Manmohan Singh Prime Minister
Indonesia Indonesia Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono President
Italy Italy Mario Monti Prime Minister
Japan Japan Yoshihiko Noda Prime Minister
Mexico Mexico Felipe Calderón President
Russia Russia Vladimir Putin President
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Ibrahim Abdulaziz Al-Assaf Minister of Finance
South Africa South Africa Jacob Zuma President
South Korea South Korea Lee Myung-bak President
Turkey Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Prime Minister
United Kingdom United Kingdom David Cameron Prime Minister
United States United States Barack Obama President
European Union European Commission Jose Manuel Barroso President
European Council Herman Van Rompuy President
Invited states[2]
State Represented by Title
Benin Benin Yayi Boni President
Cambodia Cambodia Hun Sen Prime Minister
Chile Chile Sebastián Piñera President
Colombia Colombia Juan Manuel Santos President
Ethiopia Ethiopia Meles Zenawi Prime Minister
Spain Spain Mariano Rajoy Prime Minister
International organisations[2]
Organisation Represented by Title
International Monetary Fund Christine Lagarde Managing Director
Financial Stability Board Mark Carney Chairman
Food and Agriculture Organization José Graziano da Silva Director-General
International Labour Organization Guy Ryder Director-General
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development José Ángel Gurría Secretary-General
World Trade Organization Pascal Lamy Director-General
United Nations United Nations Ban Ki-moon Secretary-General
World Bank Group Robert Zoellick President

Sideline meetings[edit]

Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan talks with U.S. President Barack Obama on 19 June.
World leaders at the 2012 G-20 Los Cabos summit.

U.S. President Barack Obama planned, first, a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin[10] which was expected to run for one-and-a-half hours and cover "projected deployment of missile shield in Europe, prospects of peace settlement in Syria and bilateral ties [including the] Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act".[11] Obama and Putin made a joint statement about the 2011-2012 Syrian uprising that read: "In order to stop the bloodshed in Syria, we call for an immediate cessation of all violence. We are united in the belief that the Syrian people should have the opportunity to independently and democratically choose their own future." It also followed Russia's intention to send two amphibious warships, Nikolai Filchenkov and Tsezar Kunikov, with marines to its naval base in Tartus.[12] As a result of the June Greek election, a bilateral meeting between German Chancellor Angela Merkel and the U.S. President Barack Obama on the situation in the eurozone was also planned.[13]

10 Downing Street issued a statement that said British Prime Minister David Cameron had confronted Argentine President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner with a letter she had sent him in regards to the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands. She told him the issue should be resolved under the terms of United Nations General Assembly resolution 40/21 of November 1985. Cameron was reported to have said that "I am not proposing a full discussion now on the Falklands but I hope you have noted that they are holding a referendum and you should respect their views. We should believe in self determination and act as democrats here in the G20." The statement said that Cameron had confronted her "with vigour;" however, Argentine Foreign Minister Héctor Timerman said: "The president had the UN resolutions and she said to Cameron: 'Let's respect the United Nations'. The prime minister refused to accept the documents, turned his back and walked away without a farewell. After years of acting as a colonial power they have forgotten that they are responsible for the existence of colonialism, and that it is countries like Argentina that defeated most of the colonial projects in the world." The Prime Minister's Office later said that "we don't need an envelope from Fernandez to know what the UN resolutions say....All the UN resolutions do refer to the UN charter, which enshrines the principle of self-determination and that is what we are asking the Argentines to respect."[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b [1]
  2. ^ a b c Invited countries and international organizations
  3. ^ a b F_421 (2010-06-28). "Mexico to host G20 summit in 2012 - People's Daily Online". English.peopledaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  4. ^ "2011 Cannes Summit Final Declaration". G8.utoronto.ca. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  5. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs - The G20 Sherpas Meet in Mexico to Discuss the Group's Rules of Operation". Portal3.sre.gob.mx. 2010-01-17. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  6. ^ "Mexico hosts G20 summit preliminary meeting - People's Daily Online". English.peopledaily.com.cn. 2010-01-16. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  7. ^ "Mexico seeking to lead G20 development issues". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2010-09-26. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  8. ^ Colitt, Raymond. "BRICS to Announce IMF Contribution at G-20 Meeting, Brazil Says". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  9. ^ Luke Baker and Krista Hughes (18 June 2012). "G20 ramps up pressure on Europe over debt crisis". Reuters. MSNBC. Retrieved 19 June 2012. 
  10. ^ "LexisNexis News - Latest News from over 4,000 sources, including newspapers, tv transcripts, wire services, magazines, journals". .lexisnexis.com. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  11. ^ "Putin, Obama to Talk Missile Defense, Syria Settlement in Mexico, 18 June 2012 Monday 9:1". Turkishweekly.net. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  12. ^ "Obama and Putin urge end to Syria violence - Middle East". Al Jazeera English. 2011-10-04. Retrieved 2012-06-19. 
  13. ^ "Obama, Germany’s Merkel to meet at G-20". MarketWatch. 2011-10-18. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  14. ^ "David Cameron confronts Fernandez over Falkland Islands". BBC News. 2012-06-20. 

External links[edit]