2012 in Georgia (country)

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Events in the year 2012 in Georgia.

Incumbents[edit]

National[edit]

Autonomous republics[edit]

Adjara[edit]

Abkhazia[edit]

Disputed territories[edit]

Abkhazia[edit]

South Ossetia[edit]

Events[edit]

January[edit]

Obama and Saakashvili in the Oval Office. January 30, 2012.
The Oshki cathedral built by Georgians between 963 and 973 is located in northeastern Turkey.

February[edit]

The U.S. President Barack Obama visits the Georgian officer Alex Tugushi, wounded in Afghanistan, on March 2, 2012.
  • February 6 – Anatoliy Bibilov, a runner-up in the annulled presidential race in breakaway South Ossetia announces his withdrawal from the planned March 25 repeat election.[10]
  • February 9 – Alla Dzhioyeva, the disqualified apparent victor of the November 2011 presidential election in South Ossetia, is hospitalized after police raid on her office, a day before her planned self-inauguration as president.[11]
  • February 13 – An explosive planted on an Israeli diplomatic car is safely defused by police in Tbilisi, with Israel blaming Iran for an attempted attack.[12]
  • February 14 – The Georgian police says a man from breakaway Abkhazia is detained, while plotting a terrorist attack in a market in Zugdidi, western Georgia.[13]
  • February 16 – Georgia severs diplomatic relations with the South Pacific island nation of Tuvalu due to the latter's recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia in September 2011.[14]
  • February 22 – The Ministry of Defense of Georgia announces the death of three servicemen of the Georgian Armed Forces in the line of duty in Helmand, Afghanistan, bringing the total death toll of Georgian soldiers in Afghanistan to 15 since Georgia joined the ISAF in November 2009.[15]
  • February 22 – Alexander Ankvab, president of breakaway Abkhazia, survives the sixth assassination attempt as his motorcade is ambushed on the road from Gudauta to Sukhumi.[16]
  • February 25 – The Ministry of Defense of Georgia presents the first-ever Georgia-produced tracked infantry fighting vehicle Lazika, developed by the Ministry's research center Delta.[17]
  • February 29 – Georgia unilaterally lifts visa rules for Russia, enabling the Russian citizens to stay in Georgia without a visa for 90 days.[18]
  • February 29 – The Russian-Georgian painter and sculptor Zurab Tsereteli opens the Museum of Modern Art, dominated by his own works, in the late 19th-century building in Tbilisi.[19]

March[edit]

The European Union Monitoring Mission patrols the South Ossetian administration boundary line in February 2012.
The Georgian and United States military holding joint drills Agile Spirit-12 at Tbilisi in March 2012.
  • March 2 – In response to Georgia's decision to unilaterally abolish visa requirements for Russian citizens, the Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs says Russia is ready to reciprocate, provided Georgia revises its Law on the Occupied Territories.[20]
  • March 3 – Georgia unveils its first domestically manufactured multiple rocket launcher.[21]
  • March 4 – A Georgian police check-point at Ganmukhuri near the Abkhazian administrative boundary line comes under fire, with no casualties reported. Georgia blames the attack on the Abkhaz separatist forces, who deny the involvement.[22][23]
  • March 10 – Legislative election is held in breakaway Abkhazia, with race for most seats going into runoff held on March 24. Georgia,[24] the United States[25] and the European Union[26] refuse to recognize the legitimacy of the elections.
  • March 10 – March 24 – The Georgian Land Forces and the United States Marines conduct the joint military exercises Agile Spirit–12 on Vaziani Training Area near Tbilisi.[27]
  • March 20 – The Parliament of Georgia approves the reshuffled cabinet, with the new Minister of Health, Labour and Social Affairs Zurab Tchiaberashvili.[28]
  • March 20 – The opposition politician Irakli Alasania accuses the government of creating "paramilitary groups" of supporters in western Georgia ahead of the scheduled October parliamentary election, a claim dismissed by the authorities as "incomprehensible" and "irresponsible".[29]

April[edit]

May[edit]

Independence Day military parade in Kutaisi on May 26, 2012.
  • May 12 – Severe flooding hits parts of Tbilisi, resulting in five deaths and causing damage to the city's infrastructure.[34][35]
  • May 14 – Georgia submits a formal expression of interest to host the 16th UEFA European Football Championship in 2020. The bid is joined by Azerbaijan on May 25.[36]
  • May 26 – President Saakashvili opens Georgia's new parliament building in Kutaisi, where the Parliament holds its inaugural session to mark the country's Independence Day.[37]
  • May 26 – FC Dila Gori wins the 2011–12 Georgian Cup, defeating FC Zestafoni 4 – 1.
  • May 27 – Tens of thousands demonstrate in downtown Tbilisi in support of the billionaire-turned-opposition politician Bidzina Ivanishvili and his political coalition Georgian Dream.[38]
  • May 28 – Two policemen and one local resident die in shooting at a café in the town of Gali in breakaway Abkhazia. Sukhumi and Tbilisi trade accusations over the incident.[39]

June[edit]

  • June 3 – The Russian rock-band DDT concludes the Tbilisi Open Air festival, gathering nearly 80,000 people, the largest attendance for a music event in the capital of Georgia.[40]
  • June 5 – The United States Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton visits Georgia as part of her South Caucasian tour, focusing on the new aspects of the U.S.–Georgian security cooperation and the importance of upcoming elections in Georgia during her news conference in Batumi.[41]
  • June 21 – Georgian police seizes a large number of satellite dishes belonging to a company connected to a billionaire opposition leader, Bidzina Ivanishvili, as part of an investigation into possible vote-buying.[42]
  • June 28 – Severe floods and landslides hit the western province of Samegrelo, with no casualties reported, forcing President Saakashvili to abort his visit to Azerbaijan.[43]
  • June 30 – The Mikheil Meskhi Stadium in Tbilisi is selected to host the 2015 UEFA Super Cup.[44]
  • June 30 – President Saakashvili names Interior Minister Vano Merabishvili as the new prime minister.[45]

July[edit]

  • July 3 – Seventy-three people are hospitalized after a chlorine leak at a water distribution company in Tbilisi's suburban neighborhood of Lilo.[46]
  • July 4 – The Parliament approves the new cabinet, with Ivane Merabishvili as Prime Minister.[47]
  • July 18 – The Machakhela National Park is inaugurated in the Machakheli valley at the border with Turkey, accompanied by the signing of the USAID-supported Georgian–Turkish "Trans-boundary Cooperation Action Plan".[48]
  • July 19 – Heavy rainfall, hail, and hurricane hit the eastern Georgian region of Kakheti, inflicting severe damage to its infrastructure and agriculture.[49]

August[edit]

September[edit]

before
after
The Bagrati cathedral before and after reconstruction.

October[edit]

The incoming Prime Minister Bidzina Ivanishvili meets with the U.S. Ambassador Norland at the opening of the 8th Parliament of Georgia in October 2012.
  • October 1 – Georgian parliamentary election: the opposition coalition Bidzina IvanishviliGeorgian Dream wins majority of seats in the parliament. The incumbent United National Movement led by President Saakashvili concedes defeat.[60]
  • October 1 – Adjara legislative election: the opposition coalition Bidzina Ivanishvili–Georgian Dream wins majority of seats in the Supreme Council in autonomous Adjara.[61]
  • October 5 – The government of Georgia starts negotiations on handing over power to the Georgian Dream coalition, winner of the parliamentary election. Bidzina Ivanishvili is designated by the coalition as the incoming Prime Minister.[62][63]
  • October 8 – Brigadier General Giorgi Kalandadze is appointed Chief of Joint Staff of the Georgian Armed Forces, replacing Lieutenant General Devi Chankotadze.
  • October 12 – The Georgian defense officials announce that the total number of Georgian soldiers killed in Afghanistan rises to 18 since the country joined the NATO-led operation in November 2009.[64]
  • October 25 – Prime Minister Bidzina Ivanishvili and his government nominated by the Georgian Dream coalition are approved by the Parliament.[65]

Deaths[edit]

  • January 4 – Merab Eliozishvili, a Georgian writer and actor (born 1934).
  • January 13 – Kakha Katsitadze, a Georgian military and political analyst (born 1959).[66]
  • January 24 – Merab Megreladze, a veteran Georgian football player (FC Torpedo Kutaisi) (born 1957).[67]
  • January 25 – Zurab Kometiani, a Georgian biophysicist and cell biologist (born 1934).[68]
  • February 12 – Alexi Chincharauli, a Georgian folklorist, professor (born 1925).[69]
  • March 1 – Luiza Shakiashvili, a Georgian politician and Soviet-era dissident, member of the Parliament (1992–1995) (born 1942).[70]
  • March 7 – Ramaz Urushadze, a veteran Georgian football player (born 1939).
  • March 11 – Janri Kashia, a Georgian journalist and husband of the politician Salome Zourabichvili (born 1940).[71]
  • March 20 – Erlom Akhvlediani, a Georgian script writer (born 1933).[72]
  • May 30 – Revaz Bairamashvili, Georgian architect (born 1929).
  • April 10 – Shalva Gatserelia, Georgian theatre director (born 1931).[73]
  • May 4 – Alexander Chikvaidze, Georgian diplomat, Minister of Foreign Affairs (1992–1995) (born 1932).[74]
  • June 14 – Vano Gurgenidze, retired lieutenant-general, Deputy Minister of Defense of Georgia (1992–2000) (born 1941).
  • June 20 – Ramaz Shengelia, a retired Georgian football player (born 1957).[75]
  • July 9 – Marine Iashvili, PAG, a Georgian violinist (born 1932).[76]
  • July 24 – Nino Javakhishvili, a Georgian anatomist (born 1914).[77]
  • August 3 – Giorgi Gomiashvili, a Georgian businessman and ex-Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs (2004–2005).[78]
  • August 7 – Bondo Shalikiani, a controversial Georgian businessman and alleged mafia boss, found murdered in Minsk (born 1961).[79]
  • August 9 – Athanasius (born Anzor Chakhvashvili), a Georgian Orthodox cleric, Metropolitan Bishop of Rustavi and Marneuli (1996–2009) (born 1936).
  • December 21 – Revaz Gurgenidze, a retired Georgian major-general (born 1951).[80]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Somalia pirates free Georgian sailors. AFP via Google News. January 8, 2012. Accessed January 8, 2012.
  2. ^ Unique Discovery at Abanotubani Archeological Digs. InterPressNews. January 10, 2011. Accessed January 10, 2011. (WebCite)
  3. ^ Unique discoveries in Tbilisi. GHN News Agency. January 10, 2011. Accessed January 10, 2012.
  4. ^ Crisis Watch 102. International Crisis Group. February 1, 2012. Accessed February 2, 2012.
  5. ^ Georgia, Turkey agree to build mosque and restore churches. Trend News Agency. January 27, 2012. Accessed January 28, 2012.
  6. ^ Nika Rurua Commented Georgian-Turkish agreement on cultural Monuments. The Georgian Times. January 28, 2012. Accessed January 28, 2012.
  7. ^ (Turkish) Kültür ve Turizm Bakanı Ertuğrul Günay: "Batum'daki yıkılan Aziziye Camii için Gürcistan bize bir yer tahsisi yapacak ve orada bir cami yapacağız". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. January 26, 2012. Accessed January 28, 2012.
  8. ^ White House: Obama will affirm US support for Georgia's current borders in Oval Office meeting. Chicago Tribune. January 30, 2012. Accessed January 31, 2012.
  9. ^ Remarks by President Obama and President Saakashvili of Georgia After Bilateral Meeting (January 30). Embassy of the United States to Georgia. January 30, 2012. Accessed January 31, 2012.
  10. ^ Bibilov Quits South Ossetia Poll. RIA Novosti. February 6, 2012. Accessed February 6, 2012.
  11. ^ Police raid leaves South Ossetian opposition leader in coma. Russia Today. February 10, 2012. Accessed February 10, 2012.
  12. ^ Israel says Iran behind India, Georgia attacks. Reuters. February 13, 2012. Accessed February 13, 2012.
  13. ^ Police Say 'Terror Plotter' Planning to Target Market in Zugdidi Arrested. Civil Georgia. February 14, 2012. Accessed February 15, 2012.
  14. ^ Georgia Cuts Diplomatic Ties with Tuvalu. Civil Georgia. February 17, 2012. Accessed February 17, 2012.
  15. ^ Three Georgian Soldiers Killed in Afghanistan. Civil Georgia. February 22, 2012. Accessed February 22, 2012.
  16. ^ Abkhazia Georgia leader Ankvab escapes deadly ambush. The BBC News. February 22, 2012. Accessed February 22.
  17. ^ Georgia Presents its Infantry Fighting Vehicle 'Lazika'. Civil Georgia. February 25, 2012. Accessed February 25, 2012.
  18. ^ Georgia Lifts Visa Rules for Russia. Civil Georgia. March 1, 2012. Accessed March 1, 2012.
  19. ^ Controversial sculptor Zurab Tsereteli opens museum in Georgian capital. The Art Newspaper. March 26, 2012. Accessed April 15, 2012.
  20. ^ Tbilisi to Russia: 'Reciprocate on Visa without Preconditions'. Civil Georgia. March 3, 2012. Accessed March 24, 2012.
  21. ^ Georgian-Produced Multiple Rocket Launcher Unveiled. Civil Georgia. March 3, 2012. Accessed March 10, 2012.
  22. ^ Statement of the Ministry Of Internal Affairs. Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia. March 4, 2012. Accessed March 10, 2012.
  23. ^ EUMM expresses concern at reported incident in Ganmukhuri and urges restraint on all sides. European Union Monitoring Mission. March 5, 2012. Accessed March 10, 2012.
  24. ^ Abkhaz Officials Say Only 13 Of 35 Legislative Seats Filled. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. March 12, 2012. Accessed March 13, 2012.
  25. ^ Abkhazia de facto "Parliamentary Elections" (March 10). Embassy of the United States to Georgia. March 10, 2012. Accessed March 13, 2012.
  26. ^ EU 'Does Not Recognize Legal Framework' of Abkhaz Elections. Civil Georgia. March 12, 2012. Accessed March 13, 2012.
  27. ^ Marines, Georgian infantry brigade participate in combined training exercise. Official U.S. Marine Corps Web Site. March 17, 2012. Accessed March 23, 2012.
  28. ^ Parliament Approves Reshuffled Cabinet. OnlineNews.GE. March 20, 2012. Accessed March 23, 2012.
  29. ^ NSC Publishes 'Alasania's Files on Paramilitary Groups'. Civil Georgia. March 23, 2012. Accessed March 23, 2012.
  30. ^ Ex-KGB Chief Becomes S.Ossetia New Leader. Civil Georgia. April 9, 2012. Accessed April 15, 2012.
  31. ^ Georgia Tests Domestically Produced Drone. Civil Georgia. April 10, 2012. Accessed April 15, 2012.
  32. ^ (Georgian) ივერიის ღვთისმშობლის ხატის სახელობის ტაძარი და სამონასტრო კომპლექსი ("The Monastery Complex of Iverian Theotokos"). Iveriisa.com. Accessed April 15, 2012.
  33. ^ Ivanishvili's Political Party Launched. Civil Georgia. April 21, 2012. Accessed May 12, 2012.
  34. ^ Deadly Flood in Tbilisi. Civil Georgia. May 13, 2012. Accessed May 13, 2012.
  35. ^ Georgian capital Tbilisi hit by floods - five dead. BBC News. 13 May 2012. Accessed May 13, 2012.
  36. ^ Azerbaijan Joins Georgia's Euro 2020 Bid. Civil Georgia. May 25, 2012. Accessed June 5, 2012.
  37. ^ Georgia opens new parliament in Kutaisi, far from the capital. The Washington Post. May 26, 2012. Accessed June 4, 2012.
  38. ^ Mass opposition rally in Tbilisi, Georgia. The BBC News. May 27, 2012. Accessed June 4, 2012.
  39. ^ Sokhumi Accuses Tbilisi of Gali Café Attack. Civil Georgia. June 2, 2012. Accessed June 5, 2012.
  40. ^ 80,000 people attend Shevchuk's concert in Tbilisi. Vestnik Kavkaza. June 4, 2012. Accessed June 5, 2012.
  41. ^ Clinton Stresses Importance of Elections. Civil Georgia. June 5, 2012. Accessed June 6, 2012.
  42. ^ Roth, Andrew (June 21, 2012). "Georgia: Satellite Dishes Seized". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  43. ^ Saakashvili cuts short visit to Baku due to floods in Georgia. Trend News Agency. June 29, 2012. Accessed July 1, 2012.
  44. ^ "UEFA Super Cup decisions". UEFA.com (Union of European Football Associations). 30 June 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2012. 
  45. ^ Georgian president names new PM as elections loom. Chicago Tribune. June 30, 2012.
  46. ^ Chlorine leak in Georgia, 73 taken to hospital. Reuters. July 4, 2012.
  47. ^ Reshuffled Cabinet and its New Program Confirmed. Civil Georgia. July 4, 2012.
  48. ^ U.S. Government Helps Government of Georgia and Government of Turkey Cooperate on New National Park. USAID Georgia. July 18, 2012.
  49. ^ Georgian president arrives at disaster hit region of country. Trend News Agency. July 19, 2012.
  50. ^ Georgia and Russia mark anniversary of South Ossetia War. Euronews. August 8, 2012.
  51. ^ Putin on Russian 'Plan of Repelling Georgia's Aggression'. Civil Georgia. August 8, 2012.
  52. ^ Georgia Finishes London Olympics with Seven Medals. Civil Georgia. August 12, 2012.
  53. ^ The President of Georgia attended an opening ceremony of the Rabat Castle in Akhaltsikhe today. The Administration of the President of Georgia. (Archived by WebCite®). August 16, 2012.
  54. ^ Georgia Says 'Main Phase' of Operation Against Militants Over. Civil Georgia. August 30, 2012.
  55. ^ Reconstructed Bagrati Cathedral opens in Kutaisi. Rustavi 2. September 14, 2012.
  56. ^ Modebadze, Salome (June 19, 2012). "Bagrati Cathedral renovations halted". The Messenger Online. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  57. ^ Interior Minister Akhalaia Resigns Amid Protests. Civil Georgia. September 20, 2012.
  58. ^ Georgian president lays foundation of new city. Trend. September 24.
  59. ^ Lazika building underway. The Messenger. September 24.
  60. ^ Georgia's ruling party concedes defeat in parliamentary elections. CNN News. October 3, 2012.
  61. ^ Georgian Dream Winning Majority in Adjara's Supreme Council. Civil Georgia. October 3, 2012.
  62. ^ Georgia’s leadership negotiates handover of power to opposition after election defeat. The Washington Post. October 5, 2012.
  63. ^ GD, UNM Launch Power Handover Talks. Civil Georgia. October 5, 2012.
  64. ^ Eighteenth Georgian Soldier Dies in Afghanistan. Civil Georgia. October 12, 2012.
  65. ^ Ivanishvili Confirmed as Prime Minister. Civil Georgia. October 25, 2012.
  66. ^ (Georgian) ექსპერტი კახა კაციტაძე გარდაიცვალა (The expert Kakha Katsitadze dies). GHN News Agency. January 13, 2012. Accessed January 13, 2012.
  67. ^ (Georgian) გარდაიცვალა ლეგენდარული ფეხბურთელი მერაბ მეგრელაძე. FC Torpedo Kutaisi. January 24, 2012. Accessed January 25, 2012.
  68. ^ Stepfather of the Georgian leader Mikhail Saakashvili died. Georgia Times. January 25, 2012. Accessed February 11, 2012.
  69. ^ (Georgian) ფოლკლორისტი ალექსი ჭინჭარაული გარდაიცვალა. GHN News Agency. February 14, 2012. Accessed February 15, 2012.
  70. ^ (Georgian) ლუიზა შაკიაშვილი გარდაიცვალა. Medianews. March 1, 2012. Accessed March 1, 2012.
  71. ^ (Russian) В Париже скончался известный грузинский телеведущий Джанри Кашия. Ekho Kavkaza. March 11, 2012. Accessed March 11, 2012.
  72. ^ Erlom Akhvlediani. Georgian National Filmography. Accessed March 24, 2012.
  73. ^ (Georgian) 81 წლის ასაკში შალვა გაწერელია გარდაიცვალა. GHN News Agency. April 10, 2012. Accessed April 10, 2012.
  74. ^ (Georgian) ალექსანდრე ჩიკვაიძე გარდაიცვალა. GeoNews.ge. May 8, 2012.
  75. ^ (Reuters) (June 21, 2012). "Former Georgian striker Shengelia dies at 55". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  76. ^ Violinist Marine Iashvili died. Georgian Public Broadcaster. July 10, 2012.
  77. ^ (Georgian)გარდაიცვალა აკადემიკოსი ნინო ჯავახიშვილი. MediaNews.ge. July 24, 2012.
  78. ^ Former deputy FM found shot dead in Tbilisi. Trend. August 3, 2012.
  79. ^ Who was killed in Minsk: a Georgian MP or a Russian criminal boss?. Charter97. August 7, 2012.
  80. ^ (Georgian) გარდაიცვალა გენერალ-მაიორი რევაზ გურგენიძე. GHN News Agency. December 21, 2012.