2012 Indian anti-corruption movement
||It has been suggested that this article be merged with 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement. (Discuss) Proposed since November 2012.|
|2012 Indian anti-corruption movement|
|Date||4 April 2011
(3 years, 3 months, 4 weeks and 1 day)
|Methods||Non violent protest|
The 2012 Indian anti-corruption movement is a series of demonstrations and protests across India intended to establish strong legislation and enforcement against perceived endemic political corruption. It was a revival of the 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement, which had ended on the last day of the winter session of the Rajya Sabha. The movement restarted with an initial mass gathering at Jantar Mantar, New Delhi on 25 March 2012.
The Indian anti-corruption movement is the successor to similar activities that happened in 2011. The figurehead was Anna Hazare, a social activist. Popularly known as Team Anna, one of the movement's main demands was the passing of legislation enabling an anti-corruption and enforcement body. On 27 December 2011, the Lok Sabha - the lower house of the Indian parliament - passed the controversial Jan Lokpal Bill, which Team Anna said was weaker than they had been demanding. The bill suffered delays in the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of parliament and could not get passed during the winter session. The government reintroduced the bill in the Rajya Sabha in February 2012 but the bill was not timetabled for debate and the session ended without this bill being passed.
In March 2012, Kiran Bedi alleged that the Congress party had cheated them by introducing a watered-down anti-corruption bill. Hazare declared that the protest movement would recommence and a mark of protest he sat on hunger strike on 25 March 2012 for one day. A month later, Hazare sat a token one-day fast focussed on remembrance of whistle-blowers such as Narendra Kumar and Satyendra Dubey who had died as a result of their support for the anti-corruption cause. On 3 June, Hazare undertook another one-day fast at Jantar Mantar, where he was joined by Ramdev, a yoga guru. This attracted a large crowd in support.
Jantar Mantar was the scene of an "indefinite" fast that began on 25 July and involved various members of Team Anna, although Hazare was not involved until four days later. The focus on this occasion was a protest against the government's refusal of an inquiry against the prime minister and 14 cabinet ministers, whom they had accused of corruption. The fast ended on 3 August. Three days later, Hazare announced that since the government seemed to be unready to enact the Jan Lokpal Bill, he and his fellow activists had decided to end their fast, to discontinue talks with the government and to cease any protests under the Team Anna name.
Towards the end of 2012, Hazare and Bedi reformed Team Anna, while Kejriwal and some others split from the erstwhile apolitical movement with the intention of forming what was to become the Aam Aadmi Party.
- 2012 Indian anti-corruption movement
- 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement
- Jan Lokpal Bill
- Right to Public Services legislation
- Lok Ayukta
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