2012 Krasnodar Krai floods

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2012 Krasnodar Krai floods
Krymsk flood 2012.png
Areas with fatalities
Duration Began on 7 July 2012
Fatalities 172
Areas affected
Krasnodar Krai, Russia
Наводнение в Крымске 2.JPG
Наводнение в Крымске (стадион)1.jpg
Satellite image of Russia's Krasnodar region along the northeast coast of the Black Sea, taken at 09:30 UTC Friday, 6 July 2012.
Photo of Krymsk taken by ISS crew on 10 July 2012

The 2012 Krasnodar Krai floods occurred in southwest Russia in early July, mainly in Krasnodar Krai near the coast of the Black Sea.[1] The equivalent of five months of rain fell overnight in some southern parts of the country according to the Hydrometeorological Centre of Russia.[2] 171 people died during the floods,[3][4] and Russian police said the floods damaged the homes of nearly 13,000 people.[5] According to the governor of Krasnodar Krai, Alexander Tkachyov, "there was nothing of the kind for the last 70 years".[6] The flood was part of the aftermath of an intense storm that hit Krasnodar, dropping almost half a year’s worth of rainfall on the region over two days.[1] Close to 30,000 people were affected by the floods.[3]

Most of the victims lived in the city of Krymsk, 50 miles (80 km) from Krasnodar and 10 miles (16 km) from Novorossiysk, at the foot of a minor mountain range running along the coast of the Black Sea. Eyewitnesses reported that the flood hit the city around 2 a.m. local time on 7 July 2012 when most residents were asleep. The flood wave reached the height of 7 m (23 ft), submerging many houses to the ceiling and drowning those who could not escape in time.[6] There were also deaths on the coast of the Black Sea in Gelendzhik, a resort, and in Novorossiysk, a port.[7]

Rainfall[edit]

According to reports, the rainfall totaled 275 mm (10.83 in) of rain over the region, equivalent to three or four months' worth of precipitation in a typical year.[2][8]

Response[edit]

The Russian government has acknowledged that it was aware of the rising waters at 10:00 p.m. Friday night but failed to adequately notify the residents of Krymsk of the approaching flood, which arrived at 2:00 a.m. Sirens were sounded and warning issued over loudspeakers but most residents were asleep. The head of the Krymsk district council, Vasily Krutko, was dismissed. In August of 2013, a Russian investigation convicted Krutko guilty of negligence.[9][7][10]

Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev has set up a commission to help the victims.[11] On 7 July, Russian President Vladimir Putin arrived at the area and held a meeting with the representatives of all the services involved in search operations and tackling the consequences of the disaster, and then left to Gelendzhik which also suffered seriously.[12] Earlier on the same day, Russian Emergency Situations Minister Vladimir Puchkov said those people whose houses were totally destroyed by the floods will receive 100,000 rubles compensation (about $3,000), and that 50,000 rubles ($1,500) will be paid to the residents whose dwellings were damaged. Approximately 5,200 homes have been affected by the disaster.[13]

On 8 July 2012, Putin signed a presidential decree declaring 9 July a day of mourning in Russia for the victims of a bus crash in Ukraine and the devastating floods. "Cultural organizations, and also state television channels, have been recommended to refrain from demonstrating entertainment programs" the press office said in a statement. Under the presidential decree, state flags in Russia and in its overseas missions will be flown half-mast on 9 July owing to the Day of Mourning.[14]

The head of the liberal opposition Yabloko party, Sergey Mitrokhin, said on his Twitter feed that local activists had blamed the ferocity of the flood on the opening of sluice gates at a reservoir but Krasnodar's regional administration dismissed the allegation as "absolute nonsense", RIA Novosti news agency said.[15] Furthermore, there are no controllable sluice gates in the nearby Neberdzhaevskoe reservoir, thus refuting the allegation.[16][17][18]

On 14 July About 2,000 tons of humanitarian aid had been delivered to Krymsk, according to a spokesman for the local emergencies administration. The humanitarian aid included safe drinking water, foodstuffs, bed linen, hygiene items, and children's clothes. Humanitarian aid arrived from Azerbaijan, Belarus, Adygea, Kalmykia, Dagestan, Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia, North Ossetia, the Astrakhan, Volgograd, Rostov, Moscow and Tula regions, and from the city of Moscow.[19]

A day later the Krasnodar Krai administration said in a statement posted on its website that Russia’s regional and federal governments will allocate almost 9 billion rubles ($280 million) to restore Krymsk.[20]

Effects[edit]

Oil pipeline operator Transneft said it halted crude shipments out of Novorossiysk, but that its infrastructure in the port was unaffected by the weather.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Over 170 killed as tsunami-like flood hits southern Russia (VIDEO, PHOTOS), RT, 2012-07-07
  2. ^ a b Hydrometeorological Centre of Russia (Russian) 07.07.2012: О катастрофических дождях на черноморском побережье Краснодарского края - анализ ситуации - 07.07.2012 About catastrophic rains at Black Sea coast of Krasnodarskiy Krai - Analysis of situation.
  3. ^ a b Sysoyeva, Marina (11 July 2012). "Krasnodar Grains Were Left Undamaged by Flooding, Ministry Says". Bloomberg. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  4. ^ "Глава МЧС: на Кубани погиб 171 человек, другие цифры "неуместны"" (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  5. ^ Post-apocalyptic Krymsk: Russia’s southern city destroyed by flood (PHOTOS, VIDEO), RT, 2012-07-08
  6. ^ a b "Russia flash floods: 144 killed in Krasnodar region". BBC. 8 July 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Russia flood deaths: Alert in Krasnodar 'too late'". BBC. 9 July 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2012. "in those three hours were we supposed to visit everyone and warn them? How could we? And if we had done would you really have left your homes?" 
  8. ^ Andrew Kramer,Russian deluge turns flash flooding into death trap, Sydney Morning Herald, 9 July 2012
  9. ^ http://rbth.com/news/2013/08/19/former_krymsk_officials_found_guilty_of_all_charges_29000.html
  10. ^ Ellen Barry (10 July 2012). "After Russian Floods, Grief, Rage and Deep Mistrust". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  11. ^ "Flash Floods In Russia Kill 99 People, Sky news". News.sky.com. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  12. ^ ""Putin Arrives In Flooded Krasnodar Region", RIA Novosti, July 7, 2012". En.rian.ru. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  13. ^ "Russian Floods Kill 152 People in Krasnodar Region". Businessweek. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  14. ^ "Putin Declares July 9 Day of Mourning for Bus Crash, Flood Victims". RIA Novosti. 8 July 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  15. ^ a b "BBC News - Russia flash floods: 144 killed in Krasnodar region". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  16. ^ http://www.ibgts.ru/works/water_reservoir_less50/Neberdgaevskoe.php (Russian)
  17. ^ Hydrometeorological Centre of Russia: (Russian) 09.07.2012: Предварительное заключение экспертов Росгидромета (Ситуационного центра и Краснодарского ЦГМС) о причине катастрофического паводка в Крымском районе Краснодарского края "Однако по предварительному заключению специалистов Ситуационного центра Росгидромета и ФГБУ “Краснодарский ЦГМС”, спуск воды из Неберджаевского водохранилища невозможен технологически. Плотина является насыпной, сплошной, и никаких шлюзов в ней нет. Для слива воды предусмотрен шахтный водосброс." -
  18. ^ (Russian) http://www.yuga.ru/news/267306/ " в его состав не входят шлюзы, затворы и иное механическое оборудование, которое возможно регулировать"
  19. ^ "2,000 tons of humanitarian aid delivered to flood-affected Krymsk". Itar Tass. 14 July 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  20. ^ "Russia to Spend $300 Mln on Flood-Ravaged Town Restoration". RIA Novosti. 15 July 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2012. 

External links[edit]