2012 Summer Olympics marketing

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2012 Summer Olympics marketing has been a long running campaign that began since London won its bid to host the games in 2005.

Merchandise[edit]

On 21 July 2009, the LOCOG announced that Hornby had won the license to develop and market a range associated with the Games.[1] In March 2011, the LOCOG commissioned and published a series of training guides.[2] The merchandise was sold online and in five shops known as "The London 2012 Shop". In addition, Adidas sold its London 2012 range in its flagship store on Oxford Street, and selected Next stores sold their 2012 range.[3] Sainsbury's as official sponsors of the Paralympics also sold merchandise within their stores.[4]

Official song[edit]

"Survival", a single released by the English band Muse, will be the official song of the Olympics.[5] It will be broadcast when the athletes enter the stadium and in the period before medal ceremonies; international broadcasters will also be playing it while reporting on the Games.[6]

Stamps[edit]

A portable shop at VISA FIVB Beach Volleyball International (2011)

In August 2009, the Royal Mail commissoned artists and illustrators to create 30 stamps which were released in batches of 10 during 2009 to 2011. The choice of 30 stamps for the issue symbolises the fact that the Games take place during the 30th Olympiad. Each stamp featured an Olympic or Paralympic sport and in addition carried the London 2012 logo.[7] The Royal Mail had initially proposed that photographs be included as well but this was abandoned as the photos would have to be of dead people as the only living person allowed to feature on stamps in the United Kingdom is the Queen.[8] Stamps with an Olympic theme go back to the very first games in Athens in 1890 when the organisers commissioned the sale of stamps in order to balance the books and construct the last four venues. When London first held the Games in 1908 no stamps were commissioned. That occasion and 1912 are the only times when stamps were not issued. When London last held the Games in 1948, just four stamps were issued.[9] On 22 July 2011, the last of the 30 stamps were released.[10]

Coins[edit]

Two £5 coins have been made to mark London 2012 Olympics. Saiman Miah, a British Bangladeshi architecture student, designed the coins.[11][12] As with other Olympics since 1952, the Royal Mint will strike a set of commemorative one-kilogram gold and silver coins.[13] The striking of such large coins necessitated a new Act of Parliament, the Coinage (Measurement) Act 2011.

Chariots of Fire[edit]

The 1981 Best Picture Oscar-winning film Chariots of Fire, which depicts Britain's athletics successes in the 1924 Olympics, is also a recurring theme in promotions for the 2012 London Olympics. The film's theme tune was featured at the opening of the 2012 London New Year's fireworks celebrating the Olympics,[14] and the film's iconic beach-running scene and theme tune are utilized in The Sun's "Let's Make It Great, Britain" Olympic ads.[15] The tune was also used when five thousand runners first tested the new Olympic Park.[16]

As an official part of the London 2012 Festival celebrations, a new digitally re-mastered version of Chariots of Fire was screened in over 100 cinemas throughout the UK. The re-release began on 13 July 2012, two weeks before the Olympic opening ceremony.[17] A 2012 stage adaptation of the same title also coincides with the Olympics, opening 9 May at London's Hampstead Theatre and transferring to the West End on 23 June.[18]

Fashion[edit]

Uniforms of the German Olympic Athletes 2012

The Olympics are known as the greatest fashion show on Earth[19] with a worldwide audience. The outfits have to fly the flag and represent their nation to the world.[20] Fashion designers from all over the world support their countries by creating uniforms for Olympic athletes by combining hi-tech fabrics and stylish designs. The kits consist of performance suits, podium suits, villagewear, and the uniform worn during the Opening and Closing Ceremony.

 Great Britain (GBR) Stella McCartney, Next
 Australia (AUS) Sportscraft, Dunlop, Adidas
 Belize (BIZ) Jeff Banks
 Brazil (BRA) Nike
 Canada (CAN) Hudson’s Bay Company
 Spain (ESP) Bosco
 France (FRA) Hermès, Adidas
 Georgia (GEO) Adidas
 Germany (GER) Bogner[21]
 Italy (ITA) Prada, Giorgio Armani
 Jamaica (JAM) Cedella Marley, Puma
 New Zealand (NZL) Rodd and Gunn
 Russia (RUS) Bosco
 San Marino (SMR) Salvatore Ferragamo Italia S.p.A.
 South Africa (RSA) Erke
 Ukraine (UKR) Bosco
 United States (USA) Ralph Lauren Made in China[22][23]

Mascots[edit]

The Olympic Mascots, Mandeville (left) and Wenlock (right)

The official mascots for the 2012 Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games were unveiled on 19 May 2010.[24] Wenlock and Mandeville are animations depicting two drops of steel from a steelworks in Bolton.[24] They are named after the Shropshire town of Much Wenlock, which held a forerunner of the current Olympic Games, and Stoke Mandeville, a village in Buckinghamshire where a forerunner to the Paralympic Games were first held.[24] The writer Michael Morpurgo wrote the story concept to the mascots, and an animation was produced;[25] Two stories have been created about the mascots: Out Of A Rainbow and Adventures On A Rainbow.[26]

Ticketing[edit]

Organisers estimated that some 8 million tickets would be available for the Olympic Games,[27] and 1.5 million tickets for the Paralympic Games.[27][28] It was estimated that 82% of available Olympic tickets and 63% of Paralympic tickets would be sold. LOCOG aims to raise £375–£400 million in ticket sales. There will also be free events such as marathon, triathlon and road cycling,[29] although, for the first time in Olympic history, the sailing events will be ticketed.[30] To reduce congestion, ticket holders are entitled to free use of London's public transport network on the day of the event.[31]

Following IOC rules, people applied for tickets from the NOC of their country of residence. European Union residents were able to apply for tickets in any EU country.[32]

In Great Britain, ticket prices range from £20 for many events to £2,012 for the most expensive seats at the opening ceremony. Free tickets were given to military personnel, over 100.000 free tickets were given to schoolchildren and children were invited to win tickets.[33][34][35] Free tickets were also given to the survivors and families of those who died during 7 July 2005 London bombings.[36] Initially, people were able to apply for tickets via a website from 15 March 2011 until 26 April 2011. There was a huge demand for tickets, with 1.8 million people applying for 20 million tickets – three times the 6.6 million tickets available in the first round lot, with 95% of the applications from Great Britain. More than 50% of the sessions went to a random ballot,[37][38] but over half the people who applied got no tickets as the process was widely criticised.[39] Lord Coe and the LOCOG insisted that the process was fair, and that there was no perfect system.[40] On 11 May 2012 a round of nearly one million "second chance" tickets went on sale,[41][42] with a second round of ticket sales for events that failed to sell out in the initial allocation.[43] This took place over a 10-day period between 23 June and 3 July 2011, with priority given to those who were unsuccessful in the first allocation process. At this point there were about 1.7 million tickets available for football and 600,000 for other sports (including archery, hockey, football, judo, boxing and volleyball), with 1.5 million tickets priced between £20 and £50. Although technical difficulties were encountered, some events sold out in 15 minutes, and by 8 am, ten sports had sold out.[44] People who were successful in the first round of tickets were allowed to buy more during the period 8–17 July 2011. By this point 1.5 million tickets were available for football and 8,000 for freestyle wrestling on a first-come-first-served basis. By 10 July all the tickets for volleyball had been sold, as 3.5 million tickets had been sold in total.

In Russia people bought "Olympic vouchers" which one would have to redeem in London during July and August 2012, with people making their own accommodation and travel arrangements.[45] In Brazil, the ticket website and payment system did not work properly for the first three and a half days.[46]

Video games[edit]

Sponsors[edit]

The London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games (LOCOG) and the IOC (IOC) have agreed sponsorship deals with companies (see table). The sponsors are assigned into one of four categories; worldwide, tier one, tier two and tier three.[47] The companies have cumulatively provided £1.4bn of funding, allocated evenly between the IOC and LOCOG.[48]

Other sources estimated that sponsors provided about 957 000 000 $, rest estimated at ~ 3 900 000 000 $ would be provided by selling TV transmission rights(for the 4 years provided period).[49] The total data for each company is not official presented, however with the sponsorship of companies not associated with the "health food" made the questions about it, and probably raised the part for contract renew.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "London 2012 announce Hornby as licensee". London 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  2. ^ "Director of Sport pens Olympics training guide". beds.ac.uk. 28 February 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  3. ^ "Official London 2012 shops | Retail information". London 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  4. ^ Gibson, Owen (4 May 2010). "Sainsbury's announces sponsorship of 2012 Paralympics". The Guardian (London). 
  5. ^ "Muse unveil official Olympic song". BBC. 28 June 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  6. ^ "Muse song "Survival" unveiled as the official London 2012 Olympic theme tune". The Daily Telegraph. 28 June 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  7. ^ "Welcome to Royal Mail Group". .royalmailgroup.com. 24 August 2009. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  8. ^ "Royal Mail releases final set of 2012 Olympic stamps". insidethegames.biz. 22 July 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  9. ^ "Royal Mail delivers London 2012 stamp deal". insidethegames.biz. 24 August 2009. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  10. ^ "Year-to-go Olympic stamps unveiled by Royal Mail". BBC News. 22 July 2011. 
  11. ^ "London 2012 £5 coin design success for Midlands pair". BBC News (BBC). 14 November 2011. Retrieved 31 May 2012. 
  12. ^ "21 Anniversary Supplement". The Daily Star. 23 May 2010. Retrieved 31 May 2012. 
  13. ^ Kennedy, Maev (23 November 2011). "Olympic one kilo coins to mark London 2012 Games unveiled". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  14. ^ "London Fireworks 2012 – New Year Live – BBC One". Youtube.com. 1 January 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  15. ^ "Let's Make It Great, Britain". Youtube.com. 31 December 2011. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  16. ^ "London 2012: Olympic Park Runners Finish Race". BBC News. 31 March 2012.
  17. ^ "Chariots of Fire Returns to UK Cinemas Ahead of the Olympics". British Film Institute. 23 March 2012.
  18. ^ Ng, David."Chariots of Fire is West End-bound, Coinciding with Olympics". Los Angeles Times. 18 April 2012.
  19. ^ The Guardian
  20. ^ Fashion Olympics: Big designers behind games kits
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ Denning, Steve. Forbes http://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2012/07/23/why-are-the-us-olympic-uniforms-being-made-in-china/ |url= missing title (help). 
  23. ^ http://espn.go.com/olympics/summer/2012/story/_/id/8160403/2012-olympics-china-made-team-usa-uniforms-ignite-anger
  24. ^ a b c Farquhar, Gordon (19 May 2010). "London 2012 unveils Games mascots Wenlock & Mandeville". BBC News. Archived from the original on 22 May 2010. Retrieved 19 May 2010. 
  25. ^ "The London 2012 mascots". London 2012. 19 May 2010. Archived from the original on 21 May 2010. Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  26. ^ "Home – London 2012 Mascots". Mylondon2012.com. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  27. ^ a b "Just the ticket". London 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2012. 
  28. ^ "Hot ticket! Paralympic sales outshine expectations with many sessions sold out". Daily Mail. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 20 July 2012. 
  29. ^ "London Opens Ticket Process for 2012 Olympics". ABC News. Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  30. ^ ISAF (28 July 2011). "ISAF: London 2012 Olympic Games Sailing Competition: What Is The Weymouth And Portland International Regatta?". Sailing.org. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  31. ^ "Ticketing at London 2012". London 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2008. 
  32. ^ Lynn, Guy (22 May 2012). "Ukrainian Olympic official 'willing to sell tickets to black market'". BBC News. Retrieved 8 June 2012. 
  33. ^ "Olympic tickets offered to UK Armed Forces members". BBC News. 14 June 2011. 
  34. ^ "London 2012: Free Olympics tickets for schools unveiled". BBC News. 17 November 2011. 
  35. ^ Magnay, Jacquelin (10 July 2012). "London 2012 Olympics: 50,000 free football Games tickets given to Scottish schoolchildren". Telegraph.co.uk. 
  36. ^ "2012 Olympic tickets for 7/7 bomb attack victims". BBC News. 6 May 2011. 
  37. ^ "Olympic ticket demand passes 20m". BBC News. 27 April 2011. 
  38. ^ "London 2012: Ticket applications 'hit the roof'". BBC News. 26 April 2011. Archived from the original on 26 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  39. ^ "750,000 Olympics tickets sold in 'second chance' round". BBC News. 3 July 2011. 
  40. ^ "Coe insists ticketing system for London Olympics is fair but not perfect". Daily Mail (London). 27 May 2011. 
  41. ^ "London 2012 to put more Olympic tickets on sale this week for those that missed out first time". Insidethegames. 8 May 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  42. ^ "Olympic tickets on sale in 'second chance' phase". BBC News. 11 July 2011. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  43. ^ Wallop, Harry (26 April 2011). "London 2012: more tickets available later this year". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  44. ^ "2012 Hopefuls miss out on tickets". BBC News. 26 June 2011. 
  45. ^ Semyonova, Alexandra (25 March 2011). "Introducing the 2012 ticket voucher". BBC News. 
  46. ^ "2012 ticket difficulties in Brazil". BBC News. 18 March 2011. 
  47. ^ a b c d e "Olympic Games partners | The people delivering the Games". London 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  48. ^ Rogers, Simon (19 July 2012). "London 2012 Olympic sponsors list: who are they and what have they paid?". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  49. ^ http://www.ekonomia24.pl/artykul/910803.html