2012 in spaceflight

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2012 in spaceflight
COTS2Dragon.2..jpg
The Dragon spacecraft (pictured) conducted the first COTS demonstration logistics flight in May 2012, becoming the first commercial spacecraft to rendezvous with the International Space Station.
Orbital launches
First 9 January
Last 19 December
Total 78
Successes 72
Failures 4
Partial failures 2
Catalogued 75
National firsts
Satellite  Hungary
 Poland
 Romania
 Belarus
 North Korea
Orbital launch  North Korea
Rockets
Maiden flights Delta IV-M+ (5,2)
Unha-3
Vega
Retirements Proton-K
Manned flights
Orbital 5
Total travellers 15
EVAs 5

The year 2012 saw a number of significant events in spaceflight. In May and October, the first Commercial Orbital Transportation Services resupply missions took place, during which the SpaceX Dragon became the first private spacecraft to dock with the International Space Station (ISS). In June, China launched the manned Shenzhou 9 orbital mission, and North Korea achieved its first successful orbital launch in December. 2012 also saw China's first successful asteroid exploration mission, and the landing of NASA's Curiosity rover on Mars. The Vega and Unha-3 rockets made their maiden flights in 2012, while the Proton-K made its last.

A total of 78 orbital launches were attempted in 2012, of which 72 were successful, two were partially successful and four were failures. Five manned orbital missions were conducted over the course of the year, all successfully, carrying a total of 15 individuals into orbit. The year also saw five EVAs by ISS astronauts. The majority of the year's orbital launches were conducted by Russia, China and the United States, with 29, 19 and 13 launches respectively. A total of 139 payloads were launched during the year, including communication and navigation satellites, logistics spacecraft and scientific probes. Additionally, a large number of suborbital sounding rockets and ballistic missiles were launched by scientific and military organisations.

Overview of orbital spaceflight[edit]

A total of 78 orbital launches were attempted in 2012, with 72 being reported as successful, and a total of 139 payloads launched.[1] The three most prolific spacefaring nations were Russia, with 29 launches and 27 successes; China, with 19 launches, all of which succeeded; and the United States, with 13 launches, of which 12 succeeded and one was a partial failure.[1] European nations conducted eight orbital launches, all successfully, while India and Japan conducted two each, also successfully. Iran and North Korea both achieved one successful orbital launch during 2012, but Iran also suffered two launch failures, while North Korea suffered one.[2][3][4]

Manned spaceflight[edit]

Five manned orbital launches were conducted during 2012, all successfully, carrying a total of 15 astronauts into orbit. Four of these missions were flown using Russian Soyuz spacecraft, while the fifth was a Chinese Shenzhou launch.[5] All of the year's manned missions rendezvoused with space stations – the four Soyuz missions docked with the International Space Station (ISS), while China's Shenzhou 9 docked with the Tiangong-1 orbital laboratory. Five spacewalks were also undertaken in 2012, all by ISS crewmembers.[6][7][8][9][10]

Unmanned exploration[edit]

Numerous significant milestones in robotic spaceflight occurred in 2012, including the landing of NASA's Curiosity rover on Mars in August,[11] and the first commercial resupply missions to the ISS in May and October.[12][13] The latter also marked the first fully operational use of SpaceX's Dragon spacecraft. Elsewhere in the Solar System, NASA's Dawn spacecraft completed its mission to 4 Vesta in September 2012,[14] while China achieved its first asteroid flyby in December.[15]

Launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January[edit]

9 January
03:17:09
ChinaLong March 4B ChinaTaiyuan LA-9 ChinaSAST
ChinaZiyuan 3 MLR Low Earth Earth imaging In orbit Operational[16]
LuxembourgVesselSat-2 Luxspace Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational[16]
11 January
13:25
United StatesTerrier-Improved Malemute[17] United States Wallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Test flight 11 January Successful[18]
11 January
20:51
JapanS-520 JapanUchinoura JapanJAXA
JAXA/HU/TU/TU/TPU/KU/KUT Suborbital Atmospheric 11 January Successful[19]
13 January
00:56:04
ChinaLong March 3A ChinaXichang LA-3 ChinaCALT
ChinaFengyun 2-07[20] CMA Geosynchronous Weather In orbit Operational[21]
20 January
00:38:00
United StatesDelta IV-M+ (5,4) United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-37B United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
United StatesUSA-233 (WGS-4) US Air Force Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[22]
24 January IsraelArrow III IsraelNegev IsraelIAI
IAI/IDF Suborbital ABM Test 24 January Successful[23]
First test flight of the Arrow-III
25 January
23:06:40
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-14M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 28 April
13:46
Successful[24]

February[edit]

3 February
00:04
IranSafir IranSemnan IranISA
IranNavid ISA Low Earth Imaging 1 April[25] Successful[26]
10 February
04:40
IndiaPrithvi IndiaITR IC-4 IndiaDRDO
DRDO Suborbital Target 10 February Successful[27]
Target for ABM test, successfully intercepted
10 February IsraelBlue Sparrow IsraelF-15 Eagle, Israel IsraelIAF
Israeli Air Force Suborbital ABM target 10 February Successful[28]
Arrow-3 tracking target
13 February
09:32
BrazilVSB-30 SwedenEsrange EuropeEuroLaunch
SwedenMASER-12 SSC Suborbital Microgravity 13 February Successful[29]
13 February
10:00:00
European UnionVega France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
ItalyLARES ASI Low Earth Geodesy In orbit Operational[30]
ItalyALMASat-1[31] Università di Bologna Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[30]
SpainXatcobeo[32] Vigo/INTA Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[30]
ItalyUniCubeSat-GG[32] Rome Low Earth Atmospheric In orbit Operational[30]
FranceRobusta[32] Montpellier Low Earth Radiation In orbit Partial spacecraft failure
Italye-st@r[32] Torino Low Earth Technology In orbit Partial spacecraft failure
RomaniaGoliat[32] Bucharest Low Earth Imaging/Radiation In orbit Operational[30]
PolandPW-Sat[32] Warsaw Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[30]
HungaryMaSat-1 BME Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[30]
Maiden flight of Vega rocket; all payloads CubeSats except LARES and ALMASat-1. First Hungarian, Romanian and Polish satellites.
14 February
19:36:37
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
NetherlandsSES-4 SES World Skies Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[33]
19 February
05:41
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
UNH Suborbital Auroral research 19 February Successful[34]
22 February United StatesUGM-133 Trident II D5 United StatesUSS Tennessee, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 22 February Successful[35]
Demonstration and Shakedown Operation 23 (DASO-23)
24 February
16:12:04
ChinaLong March 3C ChinaXichang LA-2 ChinaCALT
ChinaCompass-G5 CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational[36]
24 February
22:15:00
United StatesAtlas V 551 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-41 United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
United StatesMUOS-1 US Navy Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational[37]
25 February
10:46
United StatesLGM-30G Minuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-09 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 25 February Successful[38]

March[edit]

22 March
09:00
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesCIBER Caltech Suborbital Astronomy 22 March Successful[39]
23 March
04:34:05
European Union Ariane 5ES France Kourou ELA-3 France Arianespace
European UnionEdoardo Amaldi ATV ESA Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 3 October
01:23
Successful[40]
25 March
12:10:32
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United StatesIntelsat 22 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[41]
27 March
08:58
United States Terrier-Oriole United States Wallops Island United States NASA
United StatesATREX Clemson Suborbital Geospace 27 March Successful[42]
27 March
08:59
United States Terrier-Improved Malemute United States Wallops Island United StatesNASA
United StatesATREX Clemson Suborbital Geospace 27 March Successful[42]
27 March
09:00
United States Terrier-Orion United States Wallops Island United StatesNASA
United StatesATREX Clemson Suborbital Geospace 27 March Successful[42]
27 March
09:02
United States Terrier-Improved Malemute United States Wallops Island United StatesNASA
United StatesATREX Clemson Suborbital Geospace 27 March Successful[42]
27 March
09:03
United States Terrier-Orion United States Wallops Island United StatesNASA
United StatesATREX Clemson Suborbital Geospace 27 March Successful[42]
30 March
05:49:32
Russia Proton-K/DM-2 Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 81/24 Russia RVSN RF
RussiaKosmos 2479 (US-KMO) VKO Geosynchronous Missile defence In orbit Operational[43]
Final flight of Proton-K, final US-KMO satellite
31 March
10:27:04
China Long March 3B/E ChinaXichang LA-2 ChinaCALT
ChinaApstar-7 APT Satellite Holdings Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[44]

April[edit]

3 April
23:12:57
United States Delta IV-M+(5,2) United States Vandenberg SLC-6 United States United Launch Alliance
United StatesUSA-234 (FIA-R) NRO Low Earth Radar imaging In orbit Operational[45]
NRO Launch 25
5 April
14:18
United States SpaceLoft XL United States Spaceport America United States UP Aerospace
ORS Suborbital Technology 5 April Successful[46]
Apogee: 117 kilometres (73 mi), successfully recovered
12 April
22:38:55
North Korea Unha-3 North Korea Sohae North Korea KCST
North Korea Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3[47] KCST Intended: Low Earth Technology 12 April Launch failure[4]
Probable first stage failure, disintegrated over the Yellow Sea[4]
14 April United StatesUGM-133 Trident II D5 United StatesUSS Maryland, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 14 April Successful[48]
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 45
14 April United StatesUGM-133 Trident II D5 United StatesUSS Maryland, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 14 April Successful[48]
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 45
16 April United StatesUGM-133 Trident II D5 United StatesUSS Maryland, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 16 April Successful[48]
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 46
16 April United StatesUGM-133 Trident II D5 United StatesUSS Maryland, ETR United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Test flight 16 April Successful[48]
Follow-on Commander's Evaluation Test 46
19 April
02:37
IndiaAgni-V IndiaIntegrated Test Range IndiaDRDO
DRDO Suborbital Test flight 19 April Successful[49]
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi), maiden flight of Agni-V
20 April
12:50:24
Russia Soyuz-U Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia Roskosmos
RussiaProgress M-15M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 20 August 2012 Successful[50]
23 April
22:18:13
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United Arab EmiratesYahsat 1B Yahsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[51]
23 April Brazil VS-30/Orion Norway Andøya Australia DSTO
AustraliaHiFire-5 DSTO Suborbital Technology 23 April Launch failure
Hypersonic research experiment, second stage of launch vehicle failed to ignite
25 April PakistanShaheen-IA Pakistan Sonmiani Pakistan ASFC
ASFC Suborbital Test flight 25 April Successful[52]
26 April
00:17
IndiaPSLV-XL IndiaSatish Dhawan Space Centre FLP IndiaISRO
IndiaRISAT-1 ISRO Low Earth Radar imaging[53] In orbit Operational[54]
29 April
20:50:03[55]
ChinaLong March 3B/E ChinaXichang LA-2 ChinaCALT
ChinaCompass-M3 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational[55]
ChinaCompass-M4 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational[55]

May[edit]

4 May
18:42:00
United StatesAtlas V 531 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-41 United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
United StatesUSA-235 (AEHF-2) US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational[56]
6 May
07:10:04[57]
ChinaLong March 2D ChinaJiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 ChinaSAST
ChinaTianhui 1B CNSA Low Earth Cartography In orbit Operational[57]
10 May
06:18
United States Terrier Orion (ARAV-A) United States Kauai United States MDA
MDA Suborbital ABM target 10 May Successful[58]
SM-3 Block 1B target
10 May
06:21
United States RIM-161C Standard Missile 3 Block 1B United States USS Lake Erie, Pacific Ocean United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital ABM test 10 May Successful[58]
FTM-16 E2A, successful intercept
10 May
07:06:04[59]
ChinaLong March 4B ChinaTaiyuan LA-9 ChinaSAST
ChinaYaogan 14 CNSA Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational[59]
ChinaTiantuo 1 NUDT Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[59]
15 May
03:01:23
RussiaSoyuz-FG KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaSoyuz TMA-04M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 31/32 17 September
02:53
Successful[60]
Manned flight
15 May
22:13:07
European UnionAriane 5ECA FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
JapanJCSAT-13 JSAT Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[61]
VietnamVinasat-2 VNPT Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[62]
17 May
14:05
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 16/2 RussiaVKO
RussiaKosmos 2480 (Kobalt-M No.8) VKO Low Earth Optical surveillance 24 September Successful[63]
Final Soyuz-U launch from Plesetsk
17 May
16:39
JapanH-IIA JapanTanegashima LA-Y1 JapanMHI
JapanUnited StatesGCOM-W1 JAXA/NASA Sun-synchronous Earth science In orbit Operational[64]
South KoreaArirang-3 KARI Sun-synchronous Remote sensing In orbit Operational[64]
JapanSDS-4 JAXA Sun-synchronous Technology In orbit Operational[64]
JapanHoryu-2 KIT Sun-synchronous Technology
Amateur radio
In orbit Operational[64]
17 May
19:12:14
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
CanadaNimiq 6 Telesat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[65]
22 May
07:44:38[12]
United StatesFalcon 9 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-40 United StatesSpaceX
United StatesDragon C2+ SpaceX/NASA Low Earth (ISS) Test spacecraft
Logistics
31 May
16:42
Successful[69]
United StatesNew Frontier Celestis Low Earth Space burial 27 June Successful
COTS Demo 2+,[66] orbital test manoeuvres and ISS rendezvous, berthing and cargo delivery. First commercial spacecraft to visit the ISS.[67] Celestis payload, containing cremated remains of 308 people including Gordon Cooper and James Doohan, remained intentionally attached to the upper stage.[68]
23 May[2] IranSafir 1B IranSemnan IranISA
IranFajr ISA Planned: Low Earth[2] Imaging 23 May Launch failure
Probable launch failure;[2] identity of launch attempt, rocket, satellite and launch time not confirmed
23 May
06:15
RussiaRS-26 Rubezh RussiaPlesetsk RussiaRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 23 May Successful[70]
26 May
15:56:04
ChinaLong March 3B/E ChinaXichang LA-2 ChinaCALT
ChinaChinasat-2A China Satcom Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[71]
29 May
07:31:05
ChinaLong March 4C ChinaTaiyuan LA-9 ChinaSAST
ChinaYaogan 15 CNSA Sun-synchronous Reconnaissance In orbit Operational[72]

June[edit]

1 June
05:22:59
UkraineZenit-3SL NorwayOcean Odyssey United NationsSea Launch
United StatesIntelsat 19 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Partial spacecraft failure
Second solar panel initially failed to deploy after launch,[73] eventually deployed but damaged
7 June
17:39
RussiaRS-12M Topol RussiaKapustin Yar RussiaRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 7 June Successful[74]
13 June
16:00:37
United StatesPegasus-XL Marshall IslandsStargazer, Kwajalein Atoll United StatesOrbital Sciences
United StatesNuSTAR NASA Low Earth X-ray astronomy In orbit Operational[75]
16 June
10:37:24[78]
ChinaLong March 2F ChinaJiuquan LA-4/SLS-1 ChinaCALT
ChinaShenzhou 9 CASC Low Earth (Tiangong-1) Technology 29 June
02:01[79]
Successful[5]
ChinaShenzhou-9-GC CNSA Low Earth (Tiangong-1) 2 December Successful
Manned flight, first Chinese woman in space,[76][77] first manned mission to Tiangong-1
20 June
12:28
United StatesAtlas V 401 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-41 United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
United StatesUSA-236 (SDS) NRO Geostationary Communications In orbit Operational[80]
NRO Launch 38
21 June
10:40
United States Terrier Improved Orion United States Wallops Island United StatesNASA
United StatesRockOn Colorado Suborbital Student experiments 21 June Successful[81]
22 June
19:18
BrazilVS-40 NorwayAndøya NorwayAndøya
GermanySHEFEX II DLR Suborbital Technology 22 June Successful[82]
23 June
19:30
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United States EVE Colorado Suborbital SDO calibration 23 June Successful[83]
27 June
09:15
United States Castor 4B United States Kauai United States MDA
MDA Suborbital ABM target 27 June Successful[84]
SM-3 Block 1B target
27 June
09:18
United States RIM-161C Standard Missile 3 Block 1B United States USS Lake Erie, Pacific Ocean United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital ABM test 27 June Successful[84]
FTM-18, successful intercept
29 June
13:15
United StatesDelta IV-H United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-37B United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
United StatesUSA-237 (Mentor) NRO Geosynchronous ELINT In orbit Operational[85]
NRO Launch 15, first flight of Delta IV with RS-68A engines

July[edit]

3 July IranShahab-1 IranIran IranIRGC
IGRC Suborbital Missile test 3 July Successful[86]
Apogee: ~100 kilometres (62 mi)
3 July IranShahab-2 IranIran IranIGRC
IRGC Suborbital Missile test 3 July Successful[86]
Apogee: ~100 kilometres (62 mi)
3 July IranShahab-3 IranIran IranIRGC
IRGC Suborbital Missile test 3 July Successful[86]
Apogee: ~150 kilometres (93 mi)
5 July
18:50
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United States SUMI NASA/MSFC Suborbital Solar research 5 July Successful[87]
5 July
21:36:07[88]
European UnionAriane 5ECA FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
United StatesEchostar XVII Hughes Network Systems Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational
European UnionMSG 3 EUMETSAT Geosynchronous Weather In orbit Operational
9 July
18:38:30
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
LuxembourgSES-5 SES Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[89]
11 July
18:50
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesHi-C NASA/MSFC Suborbital Solar research 11 July Successful[90]
13 July
04:36
IndiaAgni-I IndiaIntegrated Test Range IndiaIDRDL
IDRDL Suborbital Missile test 13 July Successful[91]
Apogee: ~200 kilometres (120 mi)
15 July
02:40:03
RussiaSoyuz-FG KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaSoyuz TMA-05M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 32/33 19 November
01:56
Successful[92]
Manned flight
21 July
02:06:18[93]
JapanH-IIB 304 JapanTanegashima LA-Y2 JapanJAXA[94][95]
JapanKounotori 3 JAXA Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 14 September Successful[96]
JapanRaiko Wakayama/Tohuku Low Earth Technology 6 August 2013[97] Successful
JapanFITSAT-1 (Niwaka) FIT Low Earth Technology 4 July 2013[98] Successful
JapanWe-Wish Meisei Electric Low Earth Technology 11 March 2013[99] Successful
VietnamF-1 FPT Low Earth Technology May 2013[100] Successful[citation needed]
United StatesTechEdSat San Jose Low Earth Technology 5 May 2013[101] Successful
All payloads CubeSats other than Kounotori 3. CubeSats carried aboard Kounotori and deployed from the ISS
22 July
06:41:39
RussiaSoyuz-FG/Fregat KazakhstanBaikonur Site 31/6 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaKanopus V-1 Roskosmos Low Earth Remote sensing In orbit Operational[102]
BelarusBelKA-2 NASRB Low Earth Imaging In orbit Operational[102]
RussiaZond-PP Low Earth Technology
Remote sensing
In orbit Operational[102]
GermanyTET-1 DLR Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[102]
CanadaexactView 1 ExactEarth Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational[102]
First Belarusian satellite
23 July
11:01
CanadaBlack Brant XI United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
United StatesIRVE-3 NASA/Langley Suborbital Atmospheric entry test 23 July Successful[103]
Apogee: ~285 miles (459 km); part of the Hypersonic Inflatable Aerodynamic Decelerator programme
24 July
19:17
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United States DFS USC Suborbital Solar research 24 July Successful[104]
25 July
15:43:04
ChinaLong March 3C ChinaXichang LA-2 ChinaCALT
ChinaTianlian I-03 CNSA Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational[105]
28 July
01:35:34[106]
RussiaRokot/Briz-KM RussiaPlesetsk Site 133/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaGonets M-3 Gonets Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational
RussiaGonets M-4 Gonets Low Earth Communication In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2481 (Strela-3M) VKS Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaMiR (Yubileyniy 2) NPO PM Low Earth Amateur radio
Technology
In orbit Operational

August[edit]

1 August
19:35:13
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-16M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 9 February 2013 Successful[108]
RussiaSfera-53 Roskosmos Low Earth Air density In orbit Operational[109]
Fast rendezvous test;[107] Sfera-53 deployed from ISS at 18:29 UTC on 20 August during a spacewalk
2 August
20:54
European UnionAriane 5ECA FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
United StatesIntelsat 20 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[110]
United KingdomHYLAS-2 Avanti Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[110]
6 August
19:31:00
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 RussiaKhrunichev
IndonesiaTelkom-3 PT Telkom Planned: Geosynchronous
Achieved: Medium Earth
Communication In orbit Launch failure[112]
RussiaEkspress MD2 RSCC Planned: Geosynchronous
Achieved: Medium Earth
Communication In orbit
Briz-M stage failure 7 seconds into its third burn.[111] Stage exploded on 16 October, generating over 500 pieces of orbital debris
7 August
07:30:00[113]
Japan S-310 Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
Japan[114] UT/JAXA/AGU/TKD/NU/TU/KIT Suborbital Technology 7 August Successful[115]
9 August
03:16
IndiaAgni-II IndiaITR IC-4 IndiaIndian Army
Indian Army Suborbital Missile test 9 August Successful[116]
Apogee: 220 kilometres (140 mi)
19 August
06:54:59
UkraineZenit-3SL NorwayOcean Odyssey United NationsSea Launch
United StatesIntelsat 21 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[117]
30 August
08:05:27
United StatesAtlas V 401 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-41 United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
United StatesRBSP-A NASA Highly elliptical Magnetospheric In orbit Operational[118]
United StatesRBSP-B NASA Highly elliptical Magnetospheric In orbit Operational[118]
Radiation Belt Storm Probes

September[edit]

9 September
04:23
IndiaPSLV-CA IndiaSatish Dhawan FLP IndiaISRO
FranceSPOT 6 CNES Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational[119]
JapanPROITERES Osaka Institute of Technology Low Earth Amateur radio
Technology
In orbit Operational[119]
12 September United StatesTerrier-Lynx United States Wallops Island United States DoD
United States Shark DoD Suborbital Radar target 12 September Successful[120]
Apogee: ~300 kilometres (190 mi)
13 September
12:30
United StatesJuno United StatesFort Wingate LC-96 United StatesUS Army
US Army Suborbital Target 13 September Successful[121]
Target for MIM-104 Patriot PAC-3 MSE test, successfully intercepted
13 September[122]
21:39:00
United StatesAtlas V 401 United StatesVandenberg SLC-3E United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
United StatesUSA-238 (NOSS) NRO Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational
United StatesUSA-238 (NOSS) NRO Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational
United StatesCINEMA 1 UCB Low Earth Magnetospheric research In orbit Operational
United StatesCXBN Morehead Low Earth X-ray astronomy In orbit Operational
United StatesCP 5 CalPoly Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
United StatesCSSWE CU-Boulder Low Earth Magnetospheric research In orbit Operational
United StatesAeneas USC/NRO Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
United StatesSTARE A Lawrence Livermore Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
United StatesSMDC-ONE 2.1 US Army Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
United StatesSMDC-ONE 2.2 US Army Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
United StatesAeroCube 4 The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
United StatesAeroCube 4A The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
United StatesAeroCube 4B The Aerospace Corporation Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational
NRO Launch 36
13 September Brazil VS-30/Orion Norway Andøya Australia DSTO
AustraliaHiFire-3 DSTO Suborbital Technology 13 September Successful[123]
Hypersonic research experiment, Apogee: 349 kilometres (217 mi)
17 September
16:28:40
RussiaSoyuz-2.1a/Fregat KazakhstanBaikonur Site 31/6 European UnionRussiaStarsem
European UnionMetOp-B EUMETSAT Sun-synchronous Weather In orbit Operational[124]
18 September
19:10:04
ChinaLong March 3B/E ChinaXichang LA-2 ChinaCALT
ChinaCompass-M5 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational[125]
ChinaCompass-M6 CNSA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational[125]
19 September
11:45[126]
IndiaAgni-IV IndiaITR IC-4 IndiaIndian Army
Indian Army Suborbital Missile test 19 September Successful
Apogee: 800 kilometres (500 mi)
21 September
13:15[127]
IndiaAgni-III IndiaITR IC-4 IndiaIndian Army
Indian Army Suborbital Missile test 21 September Successful
Apogee: 450 kilometres (280 mi)
21 September
11:16
United States Terrier Improved Malemute United States Wallops Island United StatesNASA
United States RockSat-X NASA Suborbital Student experiments 21 September Successful[128]
Apogee: ~153 kilometres (95 mi)
22 September
11:00
United States Talos Terrier Oriole United States Wallops Island United StatesNASA
NASA Suborbital Rocket test 22 September Successful[129]
Apogee: ~269 kilometres (167 mi)
22 September[130] IranSafir 1B IranSemnan IranISA
IranFajr ISA Intended: Low Earth Imaging 22 September Launch failure[3]
28 September
21:18:07
European UnionAriane 5ECA FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
LuxembourgAstra 2F SES Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[131]
IndiaGSAT-10 ISRO Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[132]
29 September[133]
04:12:04
ChinaLong March 2D ChinaJiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 ChinaSAST
VenezuelaVRSS-1 MPPCTII Low Earth Remote sensing In orbit Operational[134]

October[edit]

4 October
03:37
IndiaPrithvi II India Integrated Test Range Launch Complex 3 IndiaDRDO
DRDO Suborbital Missile test 4 October Successful[135]
Apogee: ~100 kilometres (62 mi)
4 October
12:10:00
United StatesDelta IV M+(4,2) United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-37B United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
United StatesUSA-239 (GPS IIF-3) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational[136]
5 October
05:55
IndiaDhanush IndiaShip, Indian Ocean IndiaDRDO
DRDO Suborbital Target 5 October Successful[137]
Apogee: ~100 kilometres (62 mi)
8 October
00:35:07[139]
United StatesFalcon 9 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-40 United StatesSpaceX
United StatesSpaceX CRS-1 SpaceX Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 28 October
19:22[13]
Successful[13]
United StatesOrbcomm-2 F1 Orbcomm Low Earth Communication 10 October Launch failure[140][141]
First flight of Commercial Resupply Services programme.[138] First stage engine failure resulted in unusably low orbit for Orbcomm payload; CRS-1 nonetheless placed into correct orbit
12 October
18:15:01
RussiaSoyuz-STB/Fregat-MT FranceKourou ELS FranceArianespace
EuropeGalileo-IOV 3 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational[142]
EuropeGalileo-IOV 4 ESA Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational[142]
14 October
03:25:05
ChinaLong March 2C/SMA ChinaTaiyuan LA-9 ChinaCALT
ChinaShijian 9A CNSA Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[143]
ChinaShijian 9B CNSA Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[143]
14 October
08:37:00
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United StatesIntelsat 23 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[144]
19 October
09:12
RussiaTopol M2 RussiaPlesetsk RussiaRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 19 October Successful[145]
19 October RussiaR-29R Volna RussiaK-433 Svyatoy Georgiy Pobedonosets, Sea of Okhotsk RussiaVMF
VMF Suborbital Missile test 19 October Successful[145]
23 October
10:51:11[146]
RussiaSoyuz-FG KazakhstanBaikonur Site 31/6 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaSoyuz TMA-06M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS)[147] Expedition 33/34 16 March 2013
03:06
Successful[148]
Manned flight
23 October United StatesUGM-133 Trident II D5 United KingdomHMS Vigilant United KingdomRoyal Navy
Royal Navy Suborbital Missile test 23 October Successful[149]
24 October
18:29
RussiaRS-26 Rubezh RussiaKapustin Yar RussiaRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 24 October Successful[150]
25 October
15:33:04
ChinaLong March 3C ChinaXichang LA-2 ChinaCALT
ChinaCompass-G6 CNSA Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational[152]
Compass navigation system became commercially operational in Asia-Pacific region in December 2012[151]
25 October United StatesLong Range Air Launch Target C-17 Globemaster III, Pacific Ocean United StatesMDA
MDA/IMDO Suborbital ABM target 25 October Successful[153]
Target for THAAD, successful intercept
25 October United States THAAD United States Meck Island United States US Army
United States FTI-01 US Army/MDA Suborbital ABM test 25 October Successful[153]
Intercepted target missile
25 October United States (ARAV-B) United States Wake Island United States MDA
MDA Suborbital ABM target 25 October Successful[153]
FTI-01, SM-3 Block 1A target
25 October United States Standard Missile 3 Block 1A United States USS Fitzgerald (DDG-62), Pacific Ocean United States US Navy
US Navy Suborbital ABM test 25 October Spacecraft failure[153]
FTI-01, intercept failed
25 October United States SRBM United States Kwajalein United States MDA
MDA Suborbital ABM target 25 October Successful[153]
FTI-01, Patriot PAC-3 target, successfully intercepted
31 October
07:41:18
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-17M[154] Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 21 April 2013 Successful[155]

November[edit]

2 November
17:55
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesFOXSI UC Berkeley Suborbital Solar research 2 November Successful[156]
2 November
21:04:00
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 RussiaKhrunichev
RussiaLuch 5B Roskosmos Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[157]
RussiaYamal-300K Gazprom Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[157]
10 November
21:05:07
European UnionAriane 5ECA FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
FranceEutelsat 21B Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[158]
BrazilStar One C3 Star One Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[158]
14 November
11:07
United StatesLGM-30G Minuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-10 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 14 November Successful[159]
14 November
11:42:46
RussiaSoyuz-2.1a/Fregat RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/4 RussiaVKO
RussiaMeridian 6 VKO Molniya Communication In orbit Operational[160]
18 November
22:53:04
ChinaLong March 2C ChinaTaiyuan LA-9 ChinaCALT
ChinaHuanjing 1C CNSA Sun-synchronous Remote sensing In orbit Operational[161]
ChinaXinyan 1 CASC Sun-synchronous Technology In orbit Operational[161]
ChinaFengniao 1 SAST Sun-synchronous Technology In orbit Operational[161]
ChinaFengniao 1A SAST Sun-synchronous Technology In orbit Operational[161]
20 November
18:31:00
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United StatesEchoStar XVI EchoStar Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[162]
21 November
10:55
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesIMAGER University of Massachusetts Suborbital Astronomy 21 November Successful[163]
23 November IndiaPrithvi IndiaITR IC-4 IndiaDRDO
DRDO Suborbital Target 23 November Successful[164]
Target for ABM test, successfully intercepted
25 November
04:06:04
ChinaLong March 4C ChinaJiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 ChinaSAST
ChinaYaogan 16A CNSA Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational[165]
ChinaYaogan 16B CNSA Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational[165]
ChinaYaogan 16C CNSA Low Earth ELINT In orbit Operational[165]
25 November
11:20
United StatesNike-Orion SwedenEsrange European UnionEuroLaunch
GermanyMAPHEUS-3 DLR Suborbital Technology 25 November Successful[166]
Apogee: 140 kilometres (87 mi)
27 November
10:13:03[167]
ChinaLong March 3B/E ChinaXichang LA-2 ChinaCALT
ChinaSri LankaZhongxing 12/SupremeSAT-I China Satcom/SupremeSAT Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[167]
Part of satellite's communications payload was leased to SupremeSAT, a Sri Lankan satellite operator, as SupremeSAT-I
28 November PakistanGhauri PakistanTilla PakistanArmy of Pakistan
PakistanHaft-5 Army of Pakistan Suborbital Missile test 28 November Successful[168]
Apogee: 100 kilometres (62 mi)

December[edit]

2 December
02:02:51
RussiaSoyuz-STA/Fregat FranceKourou ELS FranceArianespace
FrancePléiades-HR 1B CNES Low Earth Optical imaging In orbit Operational[169]
3 December
20:43:59
UkraineZenit-3SL NorwayOcean Odyssey United NationsSea Launch
FranceEutelsat 70B Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[170]
8 December
13:13:43
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M Enhanced KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
RussiaYamal-402 Gazprom Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational; partial launch failure[172]
Briz-M stage failure 4 minutes before scheduled shut down on its fourth burn[171]
8 December
21:00
BrazilVS-30/Orion BrazilAlcântara BrazilAEB
BrazilIguaiba INPE Suborbital Microgravity 8 December Successful[173]
Apogee: 428 kilometres (266 mi)
11 December
18:03
United StatesAtlas V 501 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-41 United StatesUnited Launch Alliance
United StatesUSA-240 (X-37B OTV-3) US Air Force Low Earth Technology In orbit Operational[174]
12 December
00:49:46[177][178]
North Korea Unha-3 North Korea Sohae North Korea KCST
North Korea Kwangmyŏngsŏng-3 Unit 2 KCST Low Earth Technology In orbit Spacecraft failure[176]
First successful North Korean orbital launch, first North Korean satellite;[175] satellite reached orbit but malfunctioned thereafter[176]
13 December
05:20
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesDXL University of Miami Suborbital Astronomy 13 December Successful[179]
17 December
07:00[180]
JapanS-520 JapanUchinoura Japan JAXA
Japan Tohoku/JAXA/Tokai Suborbital Microgravity 17 December Successful[181]
Apogee: 312 kilometres (194 mi)
18 December
16:13:04[182]
ChinaLong March 2D ChinaJiuquan LA-4/SLS-2 ChinaSAST
TurkeyGöktürk-2 MSB Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational[183]
19 December
12:12:35
RussiaSoyuz-FG KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaSoyuz TMA-07M Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Expedition 34/35 14 May 2013
02:31
Successful[184]
Manned flight
19 December
21:49:07
European UnionAriane 5ECA FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
United KingdomSkynet 5D Astrium Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[185]
MexicoMexsat-3 SCT Geosynchronous Communication In orbit Operational[185]
Skynet 5D operated by Astrium Services on behalf of the British Ministry of Defence
20 December
03:51
IndiaPrithvi II IndiaITR IC-3 IndiaDRDO
Strategic Force Command Suborbital Missile test 20 December Successful[186]
Apogee: ~100 kilometres (62 mi)

Deep space rendezvous[edit]

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
1 January GRAIL-B Lunar orbit insertion Joined its twin, GRAIL-A, which entered lunar orbit on 31 December 2011.[187]
2 January Cassini 80th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 29,415 kilometres (18,278 mi).[188]
30 January Cassini 81st flyby of Titan Closest approach: 31,131 kilometres (19,344 mi).[188]
19 February Cassini 82nd flyby of Titan Closest approach: 3,803 kilometres (2,363 mi).[188]
9 March Cassini 17th flyby of Enceladus Closest approach: 9,000 kilometres (5,600 mi).[188]
27 March Cassini 18th flyby of Enceladus Closest approach: 74 kilometres (46 mi).[188]
14 April Cassini 19th flyby of Enceladus
Flyby of Tethys
Closest approach to Enceladus: 74 kilometres (46 mi).[188]
Closest approach to Tethys: 9,000 kilometres (5,600 mi).[188]
2 May Cassini 20th flyby of Enceladus
4th flyby of Dione
Closest approach to Enceladus: 74 kilometres (46 mi).[188]
Closest approach to Dione: 8,000 kilometres (5,000 mi).[188]
20 May Cassini Flyby of Methone
Flyby of Telesto
Closest approach to Methone: 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi).[188]
Closest approach to Telesto: 11,000 kilometres (6,800 mi).[188]
21 May Cassini 83rd flyby of Titan Closest approach: 955 kilometres (593 mi).[188]
6 June Cassini 84th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 959 kilometres (596 mi).[188]
24 July Cassini 85th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 1,012 kilometres (629 mi).[188]
6 August Curiosity Landing on Mars in Gale Crater Used the Sky Crane soft landing system. Successful landing at 05:14 UTC.[11]
5 September[14][189] Dawn Leaving Vestiocentric orbit Heading for Ceres, which it is expected to reach in 2015.
26 September Cassini 86th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 956 kilometres (594 mi).[188]
13 November Cassini 87th flyby of Titan Closest approach: 973 kilometres (605 mi).[188]
29 November Cassini 88th flyby of Titan Closest approach to Titan: 1,014 kilometres (630 mi).[188]
13 December Chang'e 2 Flyby of 4179 Toutatis First Chinese asteroid flyby. Closest approach to 4179 Toutatis: less than 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) (770 metres).[15][190]
17 December GRAIL Lunar impact at "Sally K. Ride" site Both GRAIL satellites concluded their mission by impacting the Moon’s surface.[191][192]
22 December Cassini 89th flyby of Titan
Flyby of Rhea
Closest approach to Titan: 715,000 kilometres (444,000 mi).[188]
Closest approach to Rhea: 23,000 kilometres (14,000 mi).[188]

EVAs[edit]

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks
16 February
14:31[6]
6 hours
15 minutes
20:46 Expedition 29/30

ISS Pirs

RussiaOleg Kononenko

RussiaAnton Shkaplerov

Moved Strela 1 crane from ISS Pirs module to Poisk module, installed four materials experiments on the exterior of the ISS, and installed supporting struts on the EVA ladder on Pirs.
20 August
16:37[7]
5 hours
51 minutes
22:28 Expedition 31/32

ISS Pirs

RussiaGennady Padalka

RussiaYuri Malenchenko

Relocated Strela 2 telescoping boom from Pirs docking compartment to Zarya control module, in preparation for undocking of Pirs, which will pave the way for arrival of the Russian Multipurpose Laboratory Module in 2013. Also installed micrometeoroid debris shields on Zvezda service module, retrieved two experiments from Pirs' exterior, installed two support struts for hatch ladder and deployed two small tracking satellites.[109]
30 August
12:16
8 hours
17 minutes
20:33 Expedition 31/32

ISS Quest

United States Sunita Williams

Japan Akihiko Hoshide

Connected two power cables between the US and Russian orbital segments; removed and replaced Main Bus Switching Unit (MBSU) 1. The crew had difficulty in removing connecting bolts of the old MBSU, and were unable to tighten up the bolts for the new unit. The new MBSU was tied down for future trouble-shooting, with all other tasks deferred to a future EVA. Third-longest EVA in history.[8]
5 September
11:06
6 hours
28 minutes
17:34 Expedition 31/32

ISS Quest

United States Sunita Williams

Japan Akihiko Hoshide

Installed the new MBSU unit, working around difficulty with one of the bolts; replaced one of the cameras mounted on the Canadarm2. During this spacewalk, Sunita Williams broke Peggy Whitson's 2007 record for most total time spacewalking by a woman.[9][193]
1 November
12:29
6 hours
38 minutes
19:07 Expedition 32/33

ISS Quest

United States Sunita Williams

Japan Akihiko Hoshide

Reconfigured and isolated a leak in the ammonia cooling system of power channel 2B on the P6 truss by bypassing a leaking cooling loop and re-connecting jumpers to an unused loop of the Early External Thermal Control System (EETCS), and by redeploying the trailing Thermal Control Radiator of the system.[10][194]

Orbital launch summary[edit]

2012 Launches.svg
  China (PRC)
  Europe
  India
  Iran
  Japan
  North Korea
  Russia/CIS
  United States
Orbital launch attempts by country in 2012

By country[edit]

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks
 Europe 8 8 0 0 All launched from Guiana Space Centre by Arianespace
 India 2 2 0 0
 Iran 3 1 2 0
 Japan 2 2 0 0
 People's Republic of China 19 19 0 0
 North Korea 2 1 1 0 First successful orbital launch
 Russia/ CIS 29 27 1 1 Includes Sea Launch (3) and Soyuz from Kourou (2)
 United States 13 12 0 1

By rocket[edit]

By family[edit]

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Ariane  Europe 7 7 0 0
Atlas  United States 6 6 0 0
Delta  United States 4 4 0 0
Energia  Ukraine/ Russia 3 3 0 0
Falcon  United States 2 1 0 1 8 October rocket failure only affected one of two payloads[140]
H-II  Japan 2 2 0 0
Long March  People's Republic of China 19 19 0 0
R-7  Russia 14 14 0 0
Safir  Iran 3 1 2 0
PSLV  India 2 2 0 0
Pegasus  United States 1 1 0 0
Unha  North Korea 2 1 1 0 First successful launch
Universal Rocket  Russia 12 10 1 1
Vega  Europe 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight

By type[edit]

Rocket Country Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Ariane 5  Europe Ariane 7 7 0 0
Atlas V  United States Atlas 6 6 0 0
Delta IV  United States Delta 4 4 0 0
Falcon 9  United States Falcon 9 2 1 0 1 Failure only affected one of two payloads
H-IIA  Japan H-II 1 1 0 0
H-IIB  Japan H-II 1 1 0 0
Long March 2  People's Republic of China Long March 6 6 0 0
Long March 3  People's Republic of China Long March 9 9 0 0
Long March 4  People's Republic of China Long March 4 4 0 0
Pegasus XL  United States Pegasus 1 1 0 0
PSLV  India PSLV 2 2 0 0
Proton  Russia Universal Rocket 11 9 1 1
Safir  Iran Safir 3 1 2 0
Soyuz  Russia R-7 14 14 0 0
UR-100  Russia Universal Rocket 1 1 0 0
Unha  North Korea Unha 2 1 1 0 First successful launch
Vega  Europe Vega 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Zenit  Ukraine Energia 3 3 0 0

By configuration[edit]

Rocket Country Type Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Ariane 5 ECA  Europe Ariane 5 6 6 0 0
Ariane 5 ES  Europe Ariane 5 1 1 0 0
Atlas V 401  United States Atlas V 3 3 0 0
Atlas V 501  United States Atlas V 1 1 0 0
Atlas V 531  United States Atlas V 1 1 0 0
Atlas V 551  United States Atlas V 1 1 0 0
Delta IV Medium+ (4,2)  United States Delta IV 1 1 0 0
Delta IV Medium+ (5,2)  United States Delta IV 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight[195]
Delta IV Medium+ (5,4)  United States Delta IV 1 1 0 0
Delta IV-H  United States Delta IV 1 1 0 0
Falcon 9 v1.0  United States Falcon 9 2 1 0 1 Failure only affected one of two payloads
H-IIA 202  Japan H-IIA 1 1 0 0
H-IIB  Japan H-IIB 1 1 0 0
Long March 2C  People's Republic of China Long March 2 2 2 0 0
Long March 2D  People's Republic of China Long March 2 3 3 0 0
Long March 2F  People's Republic of China Long March 2 1 1 0 0
Long March 3A  People's Republic of China Long March 3 1 1 0 0
Long March 3B/E  People's Republic of China Long March 3 5 5 0 0
Long March 3C  People's Republic of China Long March 3 3 3 0 0
Long March 4B  People's Republic of China Long March 4 2 2 0 0
Long March 4C  People's Republic of China Long March 4 2 2 0 0
Pegasus XL  United States Pegasus 1 1 0 0
PSLV-CA  India PSLV 1 1 0 0
PSLV-XL  India PSLV 1 1 0 0
Proton-K/Block DM-2  Russia Proton 1 1 0 0 Retired[43]
Proton-M/Briz-M  Russia Proton 10 8 1 1
Rokot/Briz-KM  Russia UR-100 1 1 0 0
Safir-1B  Iran Safir 3 1 2 0
Soyuz-2.1a/Fregat  Russia Soyuz 3 3 0 0
Soyuz-2.1b/Fregat  Russia Soyuz 1 1 0 0
Soyuz-FG  Russia Soyuz 4 4 0 0
Soyuz-FG/Fregat  Russia Soyuz 1 1 0 0
Soyuz-U  Russia Soyuz 5 5 0 0
Unha-3  North Korea Unha 2 1 1 0 Maiden flight
Vega  Europe Vega 1 1 0 0 Maiden flight
Zenit-3SL  Ukraine/ Russia Zenit 3 3 0 0

By launch site[edit]

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks
Baikonur  Kazakhstan 21 19 1 1
Cape Canaveral  United States 10 9 0 1
Kourou  France 10 10 0 0
Jiuquan  People's Republic of China 5 5 0 0
Kwajalein  Marshall Islands 1 1 0 0
Ocean Odyssey United Nations International 3 3 0 0
Plesetsk  Russia 3 3 0 0
Satish Dhawan  India 2 2 0 0
Semnan  Iran 3 1 2 0
Sohae  North Korea 2 1 1 0
Tanegashima  Japan 2 2 0 0
Taiyuan  People's Republic of China 5 5 0 0
Vandenberg  United States 2 2 0 0
Xichang  People's Republic of China 9 9 0 0

By orbit[edit]

Orbital regime Launches Successes Failures Accidentally
achieved
Remarks
Low Earth 40 37 3 0 12 to ISS (4 manned) and 1 to Tiangong-1 (manned)
Medium Earth 4 4 0 1
Geosynchronous/transfer 32 30 1 1
High Earth 2 2 0 0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]

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  2. ^ a b c d Hansen, Nick (1 October 2012). "Rocket science - Iran's rocket programme". Jane's Intelligence Review 24 (10). Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Fajr". Gunter's Space Page. 11 February 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "North Korea's rocket launch fails as world condemns action". The Guardian. 13 April 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "China's Shenzhou 9 spacecraft returns to earth". The Guardian. 29 June 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Pete Harding (16 February 2012). "Cosmonaut duo complete Russian spacewalk outside ISS". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 19 February 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Russian cosmonauts perform six-hour spacewalk outside International Space Station". The Daily Telegraph. 21 August 2012. Retrieved 27 August 2012. 
  8. ^ a b Pete Harding (30 August 2012). "Astronaut duo complete challenging first post-Shuttle US spacewalk on ISS". NASASpaceflight. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  9. ^ a b "Williams sets record in spacewalk". The Peninsula Qatar. 20 November 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
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  11. ^ a b "Nasa's Curiosity rover successfully lands on Mars". BBC. 6 August 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
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  13. ^ a b c "SpaceX’s Dragon returns to Earth with precious cargo from ISS". NASASpaceflight.com. 28 October 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  14. ^ a b "NASA's Dawn Spacecraft Hits Snag on Trip to 2 Asteroids". Space.com. 15 August 2012. Retrieved 27 August 2012. 
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  18. ^ "Wallops Flight Facility". NASA. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  19. ^ "S-520-26 launch result". JAXA. 13 January 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
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  29. ^ "MASER 12 - successfully launched". SSC. 13 February 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 
  30. ^ a b c d e f g "Europe launches new Vega rocket on maiden voyage". Space.com. 13 February 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  31. ^ "Lares e Vega verso il lancio (in Italian)". ASI. 22 December 2010. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f "ESA Announces Vega CubeSat Selection". Education Office. European Space Agency. 7 June 2008. Archived from the original on 18 July 2008. Retrieved 23 July 2008. 
  33. ^ "50th SES spacecraft in orbit after successful ILS Proton launch". SES. 15 February 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  34. ^ "36.273 UE POWELL/CORNELL UNIVERSITY". NASA. 21 February 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 
  35. ^ "Lockheed Martin-Built Trident II D5 Missile Achieves 137th Successful Test Flight". Lockheed Martin. 14 March 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 
  36. ^ "China launches 11th satellite for navigation system". Xinhua via China.org.cn. 25 February 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  37. ^ "Amazing Launch Photos: Blastoff for Navy's Next-Gen MUOS-1 Satellite". Space.com. 24 February 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  38. ^ "Minuteman III test missile launches from Vandenberg". Vandenberg Air Force Base. 25 February 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 
  39. ^ "CIBER Mission Launched". NASA. 22 March 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  40. ^ "Mission accomplished! Arianespace launches ATV Edoardo Amaldi cargo vessel to the International Space Station". Arianespace. 23 March 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  41. ^ "Intelsat’s Global Broadband Maritime and Aeronautical Infrastructure Continues to Advance with ILS Proton Launch Success of Intelsat 22". International Launch Services. 25 March 2012. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  42. ^ a b c d e "ATREX Mission: NASA's Five-Rocket Barrage to Study Winds at Edge of Space". Space.com. 27 March 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
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  45. ^ "USA-234". Heavens-Above.com. Retrieved 11 December 2012. 
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External links[edit]