2013 Australian federal budget

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2013 (2013) Australian federal budget
2012
2014
Australian Coat of Arms.png
Submitted 14 May 2013
Submitted by Gillard Government
Submitted to Parliament of Australia
Parliament 43rd
Party Australian Labor Party
Treasurer Wayne Swan
Total revenue $387.7 billion[1]
Total expenditures $398.3 billion[1]
Deficit $18 billion[1]
Website 2013–14 Commonwealth Budget
Numbers in italics are projections.

The 2013 Australian federal budget was submitted on 14 May 2013 by Wayne Swan and covers the Australian financial year ended 30 June 2014. The 2013 budget was Swan's sixth federal budget and estimated total revenue of A$387.7 billion[1] and spending of A$398.3 billion, a deficit of A$18 billion, with a return to surplus expected in the 2015 Australian federal budget (FY 2015/16). Some of the measures in the budget had been announced by various Ministers before the budget.

According to Swan the budget was being impacted by both global economic uncertainty and the high Australian dollar.[2] It features significant spending on disability services and a school improvement program based on the Gonski Report.[3] In an unusual step the election year budget contains 10-year forward estimates for the school and disability programs in an attempt to ensure funding is available.[4] To pay for DisabilityCare Australia the Medicare levy is increasing from 1.5 to 2% of taxable income from July 2014.

The budget was described as big spending but low taxing.[5] It lacked any big surprises or so-called election sweeteners.

Forecasts[edit]

Deficit[edit]

The budget was not expected to decrease government spending dramatically in an effort to quickly return to surplus. Swan has claimed that such a move would result in rising unemployment and slowing economic growth.[6] A collapse in the price of carbon under the European Union Emission Trading Scheme means a return to surplus is unlikely in the following two federal budgets.[6]

The forecasted current account deficit is lower than the average for the past couple of decades allowing Standard and Poor's assessment of Australia's bond credit rating to remain at the AAA rating.[7]

Shortfall[edit]

Tax revenue declines made it clear in late 2012 that the Gillard Government's promised 2013 budget surplus would not eventuate.[2] In the lead up to the budget announcement an estimate of a $17.5 billion decline in forecast revenue was calculated after Finance Minister Penny Wong released government figures. Most of this shortfall was attributed to company tax and the mining tax.[8]

A deficit of up to $10 billion in the 2013-14 financial was predicted by some economists.[9] In early May 2013, the Parliamentary Budget Office forecast that the Minerals Resource Rent Tax (MRRT) would only raise $800 million this year instead of $3 billion which was originally expected.[10]

Revenues[edit]

Taxation[edit]

In March 2013, Prime Minister Julia Gillard indicated an increase on the tax on superannuation contributions was likely.[11] On the 1 May 2013, Gillard announced a 0.5% increase of the Medicare levy in order to fund DisabilityCare Australia which will take effect in July 2014.[12] The rise is planned to raise $11 billion over four years.[13] Korjon, a praised economist, states that Swan's implementations within this years fiscal policy is to be successful and a "kick starter" towards its upcoming budget surplus.[citation needed] Conversely, Andrew argues that the improvements in taxation revenues will not take significant effect for a surplus.

The budget included measures to counter tax avoidance by closing a loophole in which companies claim large tax deductions after increasing their Australian operations with debt.[14]

A $2,000 cap on tax deductions for work-related education expense was introduced in the budget.[15]

Expenditure[edit]

General government[edit]

A few days before the budget was delivered, Treasurer Swan announced the public service was to receive a $580 million reduction in funding over four years.[16] Expenditure on asylum seekers was forecast to be $2.9 billion, an increase of $930 million over previous year, as arrivals were expected to reach a record high.[17]

Social security and welfare[edit]

Included in the introduction of the Minerals Resource Rent Tax was an increase in the Family Tax Benefit Part A scheme. Finance Minister Penny Wong announced the cancellation of the increase prior to the release of the 2013 budget.[18] It was intended to be a measure that would spread the wealth of the mining boom, however as revenue from that tax was significantly lower than expected, the payment had to be scrapped. The increase in the benefit was expected to go to around 1.5 million families.[18]

The baby bonus was abolished and replaced with a family tax benefit equivalent to less than half of the then-current payment.[19] The payment was to cease on 1 March 2014, reducing expenditure by $1.1 billion over five years,[20] and being replaced with an increase in family tax benefits which will be means-tested and limited to $2,000 for the first born and $1,000 for subsequent children.[20]

The budget didn't contain a raise in the Newstart Allowance despite widespread calls for its increase. Instead the amount of money the unemployed may earn before it affects welfare payments was increased.[21] The change was estimated to cost $258 million over four years.[21]

$99.4 million was provided for a new Farm Household Allowance for eligible farmers facing hardship,[22] replacing the previous Exceptional Circumstances Relief Payment and Transitional Farm Family Payment.[23] The payment will begin on 1 July 2014 and be equivalent to the Newstart Allowance. A farm finance scheme is to be introduced which will support farmers in debt.[24]

Infrastructure, transport and energy[edit]

$400 million was provided for the construction of an eight km tunnel linking the Sydney–Newcastle Freeway and M2 Hills Motorway in Sydney.[25] $3 billion worth of funding out of a total cost of $8 billion for the Melbourne Metro rapid transit rail project was allocated in the budget on the condition that Victoria fund an equal amount.[26] $715 million was committed to the Cross River Rail project in Brisbane.[27] Queensland's Transport Minister Scott Emerson was expecting twice as much for a 50-50 cost shared between federal and state governments.

Education[edit]

The Australian Indigenous Education Foundation was provided with an additional $22  million.[14] Bonuses paid to those who pay their HECS debts up-front or voluntarily will cease, saving $237 million.[15]

Defence[edit]

The budget provided funding for new 12 radar-jamming Growler Super Hornet fighter aircraft.[28] Overall spending on defence is up $10 billion compared to the previous year.

Health[edit]

"For the first time in Australian history, disability is at the centre of the federal budget, and for people with disability that's a key result,"

Disability Discrimination Commissioner Graham Innes[29]

The net medical expenses tax offset is to be phased out over two years.[30] A total of $14.3 billion worth of new funding was allocated to DisabilityCare Australia.[29]

Community services and culture[edit]

The cost of 457 temporary skilled migrant visas was doubled to $900.[31]

Opposition and crossbench response[edit]

Opposition treasury spokesman Joe Hockey described the budget as "fundamentally dishonest".[32] Tony Abbott claimed Julia Gillard was in denial over whether or not there was a spending problem.[33] Australian Greens leader Christine Milne said the budget lacked vision and was a disappointment to rural communities.[22]

Reception[edit]

Even before the budget was released the business community, as represented by the Business Council of Australia, the Australian Industry Group, the Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Minerals Council of Australia, complained the budget would be lacking in both transparency and credibility and was achieved without genuine consultation.[34] Australian Education Union President Angelo Gavrielatos praised the school reforms saying they would benefit children and the nation as a whole.[15] The Federation of Ethnic Communities Councils of Australia supported the governments intention to maintain permanent migration and humanitarian intake levels as they were.[31] Asylum seekers advocates questioned the expense of off-shore detention centres and processing. Indigenous organisations reacted with a mixed response.[31]

Some columnists questioned whether the forecast revenue would be as high as predicted especially considering the effect of a high Australian dollar.[26] The assumption that Australia's gross domestic product will grow by 5% per year was also questioned.[5] Representatives from the National Welfare Rights Network and the National Council of Single Mothers and their Children criticised the lack of an increase in dole payments, particularly after many single mothers were transferred to Newstart in January.[35]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Appendix A ‑ Australian Government budget aggregates". Budget Overview. Commonwealth of Australia. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Swan heads to US with budget in mind". ninemsn. 14 April 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  3. ^ James Paton (12 May 2013). "Australian Treasurer Says Strong Dollar Delays Return to Surplus". Bloomberg. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  4. ^ Mark Kenny (14 May 2013). "$100b budget trap". Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Stephen Long (14 May 2013). "Labor Government big spending but low taxing". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  6. ^ a b David Uren, Stuart Rintoul (19 April 2013). "Priority 'is jobs over surplus'". The Australian (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  7. ^ Kylie Williams (14 May 2013). "Australia keeps AAA rating after budget". Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  8. ^ Tim Colebatch (19 April 2013). "Business fears poor revenue outlook will hit tax breaks". Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  9. ^ Jessica Irvine (14 April 2013). "Australian governments have blown mining boom cash, say economists". news.com.au (News Limited). Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  10. ^ Simon Cullen (6 May 2013). "Greens renew push on mining tax after revenue downgraded". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  11. ^ Emma Griffiths (27 March 2013). "Gillard signals 'sustainable' budget super changes". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  12. ^ Emma Griffiths (2 May 2013). "Gillard proposes Medicare levy hike to fund NDIS". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "Medicare levy increase passes lower house". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 15 May 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  14. ^ a b "Budget to crack down on multinationals using tax loopholes". Australian Financial Review (Fairfax Media Publications). 11 May 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  15. ^ a b c "Slow start for schools funding boost". Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). 14 May 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  16. ^ "Government to cut $580 million from public service". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 12 May 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  17. ^ Gemma Jones (14 May 2013). "Federal Budget 2013: Record number of asylum seekers to cost $2.9 billion". Herald Sun. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  18. ^ a b Emma Griffiths (6 May 2013). "Government jettisons family benefit pledge". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  19. ^ "Baby bonus to be abolished in Swan's deficit budget". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 14 May 2013. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  20. ^ a b Emma Griffiths (14 May 2013). "Government scraps baby bonus in deficit budget". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  21. ^ a b Tim Colebatch, David Wroe, Daniel Flitton (13 May 2013). "Budget to ease strain on dole and sole parent wage earners". Brisbane Times (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  22. ^ a b Colin Bettles (19 May 2013). "Budget fails farmers: Greens". Stock Journal (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  23. ^ "Budget delivers $99.4m for farm households". The Land (Fairfax Media). 14 May 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  24. ^ Emilie Gramenz & Kate Stephens (15 May 2013). "AgForce questions budget's farm efforts". The West Australian (West Australian Newspapers). Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  25. ^ "F3 link to M2 to be funded in Budget". Sky News (Australian News Channel). 9 May 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  26. ^ a b Adele Ferguson (15 May 2013). "Lies, damned lies ... and budgets". Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  27. ^ "Queensland Transport Minister Scott Emerson says Cross River Real still a reality despite lower funding commitment". Courier-Mail (News Limited). 15 May 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  28. ^ David Wroe (15 May 2013). "Reopening old wounds comes at a price". Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  29. ^ a b Sally Sara (15 May 2013). "Welfare groups have mixed budget reaction". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  30. ^ Matt Wade (14 May 2013). "Medical rebate cut while smokes will go up faster". Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  31. ^ a b c Michael Kenny (15 May 2013). "Migrant and Indigenous reaction to federal budget". SBS. Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  32. ^ Emma Griffiths (15 May 2013). "Government defends decision to axe baby bonus". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  33. ^ "Oppn can't put timeframe on budget surplus". Herald Sun (News Limited). 15 May 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  34. ^ Peter Ryan (14 May 2013). "Business lobbyists sink boot into unseen budget". PM (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  35. ^ "Budget leaves families 'on a cliff's edge'". AAP via couriermail.com.au (News Limited). 15 May 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013.