2013 Dingxi earthquakes

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2013 Dingxi earthquakes
2013 Dingxi earthquakes is located in China
2013 Dingxi earthquakes
Date 22 July 2013 (2013-07-22)
Origin time 7:45 UTC+8
Magnitude Ms 6.6 (CENC)[1]
Mw 5.9 (USGS)[2]
Mw 6.0 (EMSC)[3]
Depth 20 kilometres (12 mi)
Epicenter 34°30′N 104°12′E / 34.5°N 104.2°E / 34.5; 104.2Coordinates: 34°30′N 104°12′E / 34.5°N 104.2°E / 34.5; 104.2
Areas affected China
Casualties 95 dead, 2,395 injured (as of 25 July 2013)[4]
Shake map of the earthquake. (By United States Geological Survey)
Dingxi earthquakes
Traditional Chinese 定西地震
Simplified Chinese 定西地震

On 22 July 2013, a series of earthquakes occurred in Dingxi, Gansu. The first quake struck at 07:45 China Standard Time with the epicenter located at the border of Min County and Zhang County.[1] The magnitude of the initial earthquake was placed at Ms 6.6 by the China Earthquake Data Center with a focal depth of 20.0 kilometres (12 mi).[1] It was measured at Mw 5.9 by the United States Geological Survey (USGS)[2] and Mw 6.0 by the European Alert System.[3] Another strong quake occurred about one hour later, measured at 5.6 magnitude by the USGS.[5] As of 18:00 CST (10:00 UTC), 22 July 2013, 422 aftershocks had been recorded.[6] The earthquakes were also felt in the nearby cities of Tianshui and Lanzhou in Gansu, as well as Xi'an, Baoji, and Xianyang in neighbouring Shaanxi.[6]

As of 23:00 CST, 23 July 2013, the earthquakes had caused at least 95 deaths, and more than 1000 people had been injured.[6]

Background[edit]

The tremor occurred less than 14 kilometres (9 mi) from the Lintan-Dangchang fault line (Chinese: 临潭-宕昌断裂带). Since recorded history 25 earthquakes of more than 5.0 magnitude have occurred within a 200 kilometres (124 mi) radius from the current epicenter, the earliest being the 193 BC Lintao earthquake which measured at 6.5 magnitude, while the strongest was the 8.0-magnitude 1654 Tianshui earthquake.[7]

Effects[edit]

Most of the casualties occurred in Min County, located 15 kilometres (9 mi) from the epicenter,[7] which reported 87 deaths.[6]

According to Gansu provincial officials, more than 1,200 buildings have collapsed and over 21,000 severely damaged. Many local buildings, often crudely constructed, were buried in the landslides caused by the earthquakes. Within the disaster zone, 20% of the buildings have collapsed and 60% are damaged. 27,360 people are estimated to have been displaced in Zhang County alone.[8]

Communication was cut off to 13 townships in Zhang County and many villages in Meichuan, Min County. Five towns in eastern Min County have lost power.[6]

Aftershocks[edit]

Time (CST) Coordinates Magnitude Depth (km)
22 July 2013 07:45:09 34°30′N 104°12′E / 34.5°N 104.2°E / 34.5; 104.2 3.4 7
22 July 2013 08:06:38 34°30′N 104°12′E / 34.5°N 104.2°E / 34.5; 104.2 3.0 7
22 July 2013 08:09:43 34°30′N 104°12′E / 34.5°N 104.2°E / 34.5; 104.2 3.9 6
22 July 2013 08:16:45 34°30′N 104°12′E / 34.5°N 104.2°E / 34.5; 104.2 3.3 10
22 July 2013 09:12:34 34°36′N 104°12′E / 34.6°N 104.2°E / 34.6; 104.2 5.6 14
22 July 2013 09:23:28 34°36′N 104°12′E / 34.6°N 104.2°E / 34.6; 104.2 3.0 7
22 July 2013 15:28:08 34°30′N 104°12′E / 34.5°N 104.2°E / 34.5; 104.2 3.7 7
23 July 2013 16:46:46 34°36′N 104°12′E / 34.6°N 104.2°E / 34.6; 104.2 3.1 7

(Source:[9])

Relief efforts[edit]

On the day of the earthquakes, General-secretary of CCP and Chinese President Xi Jinping ordered "all-out rescue efforts". By afternoon the two top leaders of Gansu Province, Communist Party secretary Wang Sanyun and Governor Liu Weiping, along with 1,800 police officers and local officials, had arrived in the earthquake-stricken area. The People's Liberation Army's Lanzhou Military Region, which is headquartered 230 kilometres (143 mi) from the disaster zone, had sent 1,078 troops to join the relief efforts by mid-afternoon.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "甘肃省定西市岷县、漳县交界发生6.6级地震" (in Chinese). China Earthquake Networks Center. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "M5.9 - 13km E of Chabu, China (BETA)". USGS. 2013-07-22. 
  3. ^ a b "M 6.0 - GANSU, CHINA - 2013-07-21 23:45:57 UTC". EMSC. 22 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "China earthquake death toll reaches 94", CBC News, 23 July 2013
  5. ^ "China's Gansu province hit by powerful earthquakes". BBC. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "89 dead, 5 missing in NW China quake". Xinhua News Agency. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "2013年7月22日甘肃省定西市岷县、漳县交界6.6级地震情况通报". China Earthquake Network Center. 2013-07-22. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "Rescuers rush to find earthquake victims in Gansu". South China Morning Post. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  9. ^ 中國地震台網
  10. ^ "Earthquakes Hit Area of Northwestern China". New York Times. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013.