2013 Formula One season

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2013 FIA Formula One
World Championship season
Drivers' Champion: Sebastian Vettel
Constructors' Champion: Red Bull-Renault
Previous: 2012 Next: 2014
Support series:
Sebastian Vettel became a consecutive four-times World Champion with Red Bull Racing.
Fernando Alonso finished second in the World Drivers' Championship, one hundred and fifty five points behind Vettel.
Mark Webber, finished third in the championship in his final year in Formula One.

The 2013 Formula One season was the 64th season of the FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 2013 FIA Formula One World Championship which was open to Formula One cars, recognised by the sport's governing body, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. Eleven teams and twenty-three drivers contest the nineteen Grands Prix that made up the calendar for the 2013 season,[1] with the winning driver being crowned the World Drivers' Champion and the winning team the World Constructors' Champions. The season started in Australia on 17 March 2013 and ended in Brazil on 24 November 2013.

The 2013 season was the final year the series used the 2.4 litre V8 engine configuration which was introduced in 2006; a 1.6 litre turbocharged V6 engine formula came into force for 2014.[2]

Sebastian Vettel successfully defended his World Championship,[3] winning his fourth consecutive title in the fourth to last race of 2013. In doing so he became just the third driver in Formula One's sixty-four years to win four consecutive World Drivers' Championships. Vettel's 2013 season performance additionally saw him recognised by the Laureus World Sports Awards as the Sportsman of the Year, just the second racing driver to be so recognised.[4]

Vettel's team Red Bull Racing, with the assistance of his team mate Mark Webber, likewise successfully defended their World Constructors' Championship[5] at the same race as their lead driver secured his title.[6]


Teams and drivers[edit]

The following teams and drivers are contracted to drive in the 2013 season, subject to ratification of a new Concorde Agreement. At the 2012 Malaysian Grand Prix, Bernie Ecclestone announced that the "majority" of teams competing in the 2012 season had agreed to compete in 2013, though he gave no indication of which teams—if any—were offering resistance to the new Concorde Agreement.[7] At the 2012 British Grand Prix, Ecclestone announced that every team had agreed "in principle" to the terms of the new Concorde Agreement,[8] and the final draft of the Concorde Agreement was presented to the teams ahead of the 2012 Indian Grand Prix.[9]

On 30 November 2012, the FIA published a provisional entry list for the 2013 season.[10] The final entry list was published on 3 March 2013.[11]

Team Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre No. Race drivers Rounds Free Practice driver(s)
Austria Infiniti Red Bull Racing Red Bull-Renault RB9 Renault RS27-2013 P 1 Germany Sebastian Vettel[12] All N/A
2 Australia Mark Webber[13] All
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari F138 Ferrari Type 056 P 3 Spain Fernando Alonso[14] All N/A
4 Brazil Felipe Massa[15] All
United Kingdom Vodafone McLaren Mercedes McLaren-Mercedes MP4-28 Mercedes FO 108F P 5 United Kingdom Jenson Button[16] All N/A
6 Mexico Sergio Pérez[17] All
United Kingdom Lotus F1 Team Lotus-Renault E21 Renault RS27-2013 P 7 Finland Kimi Räikkönen[18] 1–17 N/A
Finland Heikki Kovalainen[19] 18–19
8 France Romain Grosjean[20] All
Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes F1 W04 Mercedes FO 108F[21] P 9 Germany Nico Rosberg[22] All N/A
10 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton[23] All
Switzerland Sauber F1 Team Sauber-Ferrari C32 Ferrari Type 056 P 11 Germany Nico Hülkenberg[24] All N/A
12 Mexico Esteban Gutiérrez[25] All
India Sahara Force India F1 Team Force India-Mercedes VJM06 Mercedes FO 108F P 14 United Kingdom Paul di Resta[26] All United Kingdom James Calado[27]
15 Germany Adrian Sutil[28] All
United Kingdom Williams F1 Team Williams-Renault FW35 Renault RS27-2013 P 16 Venezuela Pastor Maldonado[29] All N/A
17 Finland Valtteri Bottas[29] All
Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso Toro Rosso-Ferrari STR8 Ferrari Type 056 P 18 France Jean-Éric Vergne[30] All Russia Daniil Kvyat[31][32]
19 Australia Daniel Ricciardo[30] All
Malaysia Caterham F1 Team Caterham-Renault CT03 Renault RS27-2013 P 20 France Charles Pic[33] All China Ma Qinghua[34]
Finland Heikki Kovalainen[35]
United States Alexander Rossi[36]
21 Netherlands Giedo van der Garde[37] All
Russia Marussia F1 Team Marussia-Cosworth MR02 Cosworth CA2013 P 22 France Jules Bianchi[38] All Venezuela Rodolfo González[35]
23 United Kingdom Max Chilton[39] All

Team changes[edit]

Five drivers made their Formula One debut in 2013, including (clockwise from top left): Esteban Gutiérrez (Sauber),[25] Valtteri Bottas (Williams),[29] Max Chilton and Jules Bianchi (both Marussia).[38][39] Giedo van der Garde (Caterham) is not pictured.[37]
Lewis Hamilton—seen here at the 2012 Bahrain Grand Prix—left McLaren to join the Mercedes works team in 2013.

In November 2012, Thesan Capital, the owners of HRT Formula 1 Team, announced that they were putting the team up for sale.[40] The team needed to find a buyer by 30 November—the date by which entry fees for the 2013 were due to be paid—or else face closure and a departure from the sport.[41] Thesan Capital failed to find a buyer in time, and HRT was omitted from the 2013 entry list.[42] The team was later reported to be in liquidation,[43] and despite bids to purchase and revive the team under a new name,[44] their assets were ultimately sold to Teo Martín, the owner of a firm specialising in recycling automotive parts.[45]

Driver changes[edit]

Upon starting his second career in 2010, Michael Schumacher signed a three-year agreement to race for Mercedes AMG.[46] With that deal expiring at the end of the 2012 season, Schumacher was given the option of renewing his contract with the team for 2013.[47] However, in the face of disappointing results over the past three seasons, Schumacher became indecisive about his future, prompting Mercedes to start searching for a new driver. Following a protracted period of negotiation,[48][49] 2008 World Champion Lewis Hamilton announced that he would join Mercedes for the next three years.[50] The move ended his fourteen-year association with McLaren,[51] and Hamilton later described his decision to change teams as being motivated by the desire to find a new challenge for himself, and that the idea of taking a struggling team and building them up to become a successful one held more appeal to him than "cruising around with a great team".[52] Schumacher ultimately announced that he would be retiring from the sport at the end of the 2012 season.[53]

With Hamilton leaving McLaren, the team sought out Sauber driver Sergio Pérez to replace him. Pérez was previously a member of the Ferrari Driver Academy, and was considered to be the leading candidate to join Ferrari should a vacant seat become available,[17] but admitted that although he had talked with the team, he had never considered racing for them to be a realistic proposition, adding that McLaren was the best place for him to go.[54]

Nico Hülkenberg left Force India after just one season, despite having originally signed a multi-year deal to race for the team starting in 2012,[55] to fill the vacant seat at Sauber.[24] Hülkenberg was joined by Esteban Gutiérrez, who had previously served as Sauber's testing and reserve driver in 2011 and 2012 whilst campaigning in the GP2 Series.[25] Hülkenberg's place at Force India was taken by Adrian Sutil, who returned to the team after a season out of the sport.[28]

With Hülkenberg and Gutiérrez joining Sauber, Kamui Kobayashi was left without a seat after three seasons with the Swiss team.[56] In a bid to secure a seat, Kobayashi accepted donations from fans to raise as much money as possible.[57] However, shortly after Lotus F1 announced that they would retain Romain Grosjean,[20] Kobayashi announced that he had given up hope of securing a racing seat for the 2013 season.[58] He later joined AF Corse for the 2013 FIA World Endurance Championship.[59] However, he returned to the Formula 1 grid in 2014 with Caterham.

Williams promoted test and reserve driver Valtteri Bottas to a full-time racing seat alongside Pastor Maldonado, replacing Bruno Senna.[29] Bottas, the 2011 GP3 Series champion, made regular appearances for Williams during the 2012 season, in official practice sessions at fifteen Grands Prix. Faced with the loss of his seat, Bruno Senna initially sought a drive with Force India,[60] but instead moved to the World Endurance Championship, joining Aston Martin Racing.[61]

Charles Pic moved from Marussia to Caterham,[33] joining former GP2 Series teammate Giedo van der Garde. Pic and van der Garde had previously raced alongside one another as team-mates in 2011, racing for Barwa Addax.[37] Where Pic joined Marussia for the 2012 season, van der Garde became Caterham's test driver and contested the 2012 GP2 championship with their GP2 team before being promoted to Formula One.[62][63] As a result of this, Caterham's 2012 drivers, Heikki Kovalainen and Vitaly Petrov lost their seats for 2013. Caterham team principal Cyril Abiteboul later admitted that the relationship between the team and Kovalainen had fallen apart towards the end of the 2012 season, leading to his dismissal from the team,[64] whilst Petrov lost his seat due to a lack of sponsorship.[65] Kovalainen later returned to the team to take part in free practice sessions on a temporary basis.[66]

Timo Glock was initially signed to compete for Marussia until the end of the 2014 season,[67] but later announced that he would be leaving the team.[68] Marussia team principal John Booth cited "tough economic conditions" as the reason for the team being forced to let Glock go, whilst Glock referenced the loss of tenth place in the 2012 World Constructors' Championship to Caterham at the 2012 Brazilian Grand Prix as the first sign that his position with the team was in danger.[69] Glock moved to the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters, driving for BMW.[70] With Glock gone, the team elected to take two rookie drivers: Max Chilton,[39] who spent the 2012 season competing in the GP2 Series with the Marussia-backed Carlin team; and GP2 Series runner-up Luiz Razia.[71] However, Razia was removed from Marussia's testing line-up for the second pre-season test in Barcelona,[72] leading to speculation that his future with the team was in jeopardy. It was later reported that his sponsors had missed payments to the team, prompting the decision to suspend his testing programme.[73] His contract to race was terminated just twenty-three days after it had been announced, and Razia was replaced by 2009 Formula 3 Euro Series champion and 2012 Formula Renault 3.5 Series runner-up Jules Bianchi.[38]

With HRT withdrawing from the championship, Pedro de la Rosa and Narain Karthikeyan were left without full-time racing seats. De la Rosa later joined Ferrari to aid the team in developing their simulator and was confirmed as one of their test and reserve drivers before the first pre-season test in Jerez,[74] while Karthikeyan began contesting the Auto GP World Series part-time.[75]

Mid-season changes[edit]

Kimi Räikkönen was forced to miss the final two races of the season in order to undergo surgery to relieve pain from a back injury he had been suffering from for a long time and which flared up during the Singapore Grand Prix. His place in the team was taken by Heikki Kovalainen.[19]

Calendar[edit]

The following nineteen races appeared on the 2013 race schedule. Bernie Ecclestone, Formula One's commercial rights holder through his Formula One Management and Formula One Administration companies, has previously said that he believes twenty races is the maximum that is viable.[76] The number of races on the Formula One calendar is dictated by the Concorde Agreement, the arrangement between teams, the FIA and Formula One Management. At the time of Ecclestone's comments regarding the length of the series schedule, the then-current Concorde Agreement was set to expire at the end of the 2012 season. Twenty to twenty-five races would be possible if the teams agreed to it.[77]

At the 2012 Hungarian Grand Prix, Ecclestone announced that the 2013 calendar would consist of twenty races, and would be largely similar to the 2012 calendar.[78] The provisional calendar was announced at the 2012 Singapore Grand Prix,[79] which was approved by the FIA World Motorsports Council on 28 September 2012.[1]

The calendar was originally intended to host twenty races, with the inclusion of the Grand Prix of America, a new event to be hosted on the streets of New Jersey on 16 June, as part of a 1-week North American "double-header".[80] Following its removal from the calendar,[81] the schedule was reduced to nineteen races until the FIA World Motorsports Council announced that a twentieth round would be included at a circuit in Europe, pending the outcome of negotiations between Bernie Ecclestone and event organisers.[82] In February 2013, Ecclestone announced that a replacement venue had not been found, leaving the calendar at nineteen Grands Prix.[83]

Round Grand Prix Circuit Date
1 Australian Grand Prix Australia Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit, Melbourne 17 March
2 Malaysian Grand Prix Malaysia Sepang International Circuit, Kuala Lumpur 24 March
3 Chinese Grand Prix China Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai 14 April
4 Bahrain Grand Prix Bahrain Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir 21 April
5 Spanish Grand Prix Spain Circuit de Catalunya, Barcelona 12 May
6 Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo 26 May
7 Canadian Grand Prix Canada Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal 9 June
8 British Grand Prix United Kingdom Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone 30 June
9 German Grand Prix Germany Nürburgring, Nürburg 7 July
10 Hungarian Grand Prix Hungary Hungaroring, Budapest 28 July
11 Belgian Grand Prix Belgium Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot 25 August
12 Italian Grand Prix Italy Autodromo Nazionale Monza, Monza 8 September
13 Singapore Grand Prix Singapore Marina Bay Street Circuit, Singapore 22 September
14 Korean Grand Prix South Korea Korea International Circuit, Yeongam 6 October
15 Japanese Grand Prix Japan Suzuka Circuit, Suzuka 13 October
16 Indian Grand Prix India Buddh International Circuit, Greater Noida 27 October
17 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix United Arab Emirates Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi 3 November
18 United States Grand Prix United States Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas 17 November
19 Brazilian Grand Prix Brazil Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo 24 November
Sources:[84][85][86]

Calendar changes[edit]

New and returning races[edit]

States hosting Formula One Grands Prix in 2013.

Failed race bids[edit]

  • The 2013 season was scheduled to see the addition of the Grand Prix of America to the calendar.[80] The race was to take place on a new, Hermann Tilke-designed street circuit in New Jersey in June of that year,[87] back-to-back with the Canadian Grand Prix.[88] However, shortly after the race was given a date on the provisional calendar, Bernie Ecclestone admitted that the contract with organisers in New Jersey had been nullified,[89] and organisers later confirmed that the race had been removed from the 2013 calendar and rescheduled for 2014.[81] The collapse of the race was attributed to the failure to get all of the necessary permits to hold the race from multiple branches of state and federal government departments.[90]

Changes[edit]

Rule changes[edit]

Sporting regulations[edit]

  • At the June 2012 meeting of the World Motor Sport Council, the FIA announced plans to introduce cost-control measures for the 2013 season, which would be policed by the FIA pending the agreement of the teams.[91] This follows a failed attempt by former FIA president Max Mosley to introduce a budget cap for the 2010 season,[92] and the withdrawal of Ferrari, Scuderia Toro Rosso, Sauber and Red Bull from the Formula One Teams Association in December 2011 over the implementation of the Resource Restriction Agreement,[93][94] a voluntary agreement between teams to limit costs in the sport.[95]
  • Following HRT's omission from the provisional entry list,[10] the grid was reduced to twenty-two cars, prompting an adaptation of the qualifying procedures. With twenty-two cars on the grid, six cars—instead of seven—will be eliminated during the first period of qualifying, with six more eliminated at the end of the second period (as in 200608). The third qualifying period remains unchanged, with the ten fastest drivers all advancing to the final ten minutes of qualifying.[96]
  • The rules governing the use of the Drag Reduction System (DRS) have been altered. Where drivers were free to use the system at will during free practice and qualifying, from 2013, the use of DRS is restricted to the designated DRS zone in a bid to improve safety.[97] In response to this, the FIA announced plans to include two DRS zones at every circuit on the 2013 calendar where it was feasible to do so.[98]
  • The FIA will remove the rules of "force majeure" to clarify scrutineering procedures.[99] Under the rules of force majeure, cars must be able to return to the pits under their own power during qualifying or else risk exclusion from the results. However, if a team can adequately demonstrate that circumstances beyond their control forced them to stop a car on the circuit before it could return to the pits, then the rules of force majeure dictate that the team and driver in question are exempt from any exclusion. Under new regulations, force majeure will no longer be recognised as a valid reason for stopping a car. From 2013, race stewards will measure the amount of fuel remaining in a car that has stopped on the circuit and compare it to the minimum amount set forward in the rules, and calculate any penalty based on the difference between the two.[100] These changes were first proposed in the aftermath of the 2012 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, when Red Bull Racing instructed Sebastian Vettel to stop on the circuit after qualifying. Although race stewards initially accepted the team's explanation that the order came because of an imminent technical fault that threatened lasting damage to Vettel's engine, it was later discovered that Vettel had insufficient fuel in his car at the time and had been ordered to pull over so as to preserve the mandatory one litre sample required for testing at the end of qualifying.[not in citation given] As a result, Vettel was excluded from the results,[101] and the changes to force majeure were put forward.
  • The FIA introduced a curfew system in 2011 that prohibited team personnel from accessing the circuit in the six hours before the first session of the day, with teams given four "jokers"—exceptions to the rule that allowed them to stay within the circuit boundaries past the curfew hours without penalty so as to complete work on cars—to use throughout the season. The rule has been revised for 2013, with teams limited to two exceptions over the course of the year. The curfew hours have been also extended from six hours to eight.[100]
  • Teams were faced with an increased entry fee for the season.[102] Whereas entry fees had previously been fixed at €309,000 (US$396,637) for all teams, from 2013, entry fees were based on the World Championship points a team scored during the previous season. Teams now paid a basic entry fee of $500,000 (€389,525), plus $5,000 (€3,895) per point scored. The reigning Constructors' champions paid at a premium rate of $6,000 (€4,614) per point scored. With a final tally of 460 points, Red Bull Racing were presented with an entry fee of $3,260,000 (€2.5M).[103]

Technical regulations[edit]

Artist's rendition of a stepped nose with a "modesty panel" (in red).
  • Changes to the rules in 2012 resulted in the development of a "platypus" nose, with teams designing cars with a visible change in height along the nose assembly of the car.[104] The design attracted criticism, with Red Bull Racing driver Mark Webber labelling the cars "ugly"[105] and Ferrari team principal Stefano Domenicali calling them "not that pretty".[106] At the 2012 Australian Grand Prix, Charlie Whiting, the FIA technical delegate, announced that although the changes to the sporting regulations planned for the 2014 season would effectively remove the "platypus" effect, the sport's governing body is planning to phase the stepped nose out for 2013.[107] The FIA later accepted a proposal that would allow teams to cover up the stepped nose with a "modesty plate", a panel designed to obscure the step without fundamentally altering the aerodynamic profile of the car or offering any aerodynamic gain itself.[108]
  • The FIA completely overhauled testing procedures for front wings in 2013, introducing a more-comprehensive and strenuous series of tests designed to root out the practice of exploiting flexible bodywork regulations.[109] Front wings in particular are subjected to revised parameters, with a tolerance of just 10 mm (0.39 in) permitted when the wing is subjected to a load of 100 kg (220 lb).[100]
  • The "double-DRS" system, first developed by Mercedes for the W03 in 2012 is banned in 2013.[110] The device, which used a series of channels that ran through the car to create a stalling effect over the front wing when the rear wing Drag Reduction System was open, thereby cancelling out the downforce generated under normal conditions, would allow the car to achieve a higher top speed and better stability in fast corners.[111] The system was the subject of several legal challenges early in the 2012 season,[112][113][114] and rival team Lotus developed a similar system of their own[115] before teams agreed to a ban in July 2012.[110] However, while the regulations specifically banned the system developed by Mercedes, they make no provision for the variant developed by Lotus.[108]
  • The minimum weight of cars increased to 642 kg (1,415 lb) so as to account for the weight difference between the 2012 and 2013 specification of tyres.[100]

Other changes[edit]

  • The Sixth Concorde Agreement—the contract between the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA),[116] the Formula One teams[7] and the Formula One Administration[7] which dictates the terms by which the teams compete in races and take their share of the television revenues and prize money—which was first ratified by teams in 2009—expired at the end of 2012, necessitating the creation of the Seventh Concorde Agreement.[7] As part of the renewed Agreement, the commercial rights to the sport were to be floated on the Singapore Stock Exchange;[117] however, in June 2012 the planned flotation was delayed, with weak markets, uncertainty within Europe over the continent's economic future, and Facebook's disappointing IPO cited as reasons for the delay.[118]
  • The sport's decision-making process will be restructured.[119] Prior to 2013, any decision to change the sporting or technical regulations required the agreement of at least 70% (or nine votes) of the teams in order for those changes to be accepted. From 2013 onwards, those changes will only need a 51% majority (six teams) in order to be approved. The Technical and Sporting Working Groups, the committees responsible for deciding upon the technical and sporting regulations, will also be disbanded in favour of a "Strategy Working Group" that will oversee both technical and sporting regulations and will be made up of representatives from each of the teams that scored points in the previous season's championship, the FIA, Formula One Management, one engine supplier and six event promoters. FIA president Jean Todt described the changes as necessary and designed to give each of the stakeholders in the sport a proportionate representation in deciding the future of Formula One.[119]

Season report[edit]

Championship summary[edit]

With the nineteen races of the season completed, the defending World Champion, Red Bull Racing's Sebastian Vettel, retained the Drivers' Championship. He did so by winning in India and opening an unassailable 115 point gap with only three races remaining. He broke the record for most consecutive wins in a single season with nine. He also tied the record for consecutive wins, which was set by Alberto Ascari in 1952-1953, and for total wins in a single season with 13, set by Michael Schumacher in 2004.[120] His record tally of 13 wins included a controversial victory at the Malaysian Grand Prix that came when he defied team orders, overtaking teammate Mark Webber late in the race to secure victory.[121] Vettel apologised afterwards to the team, although he later refused to apologise for winning.[122] Vettel's other wins came in Bahrain, Canada, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Singapore, Korea, Japan, India, Abu Dhabi, the United States and Brazil.[123] The four times world champion scored 397 points, also a record. Webber finished his last formula one season in third place with 199 points. It was the first time since 2008 that the Australian failed to win a race. Their combined results have allowed Red Bull to clinch the 2013 Constructors' Championship in India by opening a gap of 157 points, with only 129 still up to grab. The team scored a total of 596 points.[124]

Ferrari's Fernando Alonso finished as the runner-up with 242 points. The Spaniard won two races, in China and Spain,[125] and scored five second places, in Australia, Canada, Belgium, Italy and Singapore, to keep him in a strong championship position throughout the season. However, a retirement in Malaysia and relatively poor results in Bahrain, Monaco, Korea and India has seen him fall behind Vettel in the points. The gap closed briefly after the German's gearbox failure at the British Grand Prix,[126] but the defending world champion scored eleven consecutive podium finishes since his sole retirement of the season, including ten wins, to clinch the title. Alonso's teammate Felipe Massa finished eighth in the standings, scoring 112 points with a single podium finish in Spain.[127] Ferrari lost second place in the Constructors' Championship to Mercedes, finishing a mere 6 points behind.

Lewis Hamilton, who has scored a win in Hungary, four third places and five pole positions in 2013 with Mercedes AMG, finished fourth in the drivers' standings with 189 points. His Malaysian Grand Prix podium came with a share of controversy as team orders were employed to help him retain third place. After the race, Hamilton admitted that teammate Nico Rosberg was the one who actually deserved the podium.[128] Italy was the first time that Hamilton failed to make a Q3 appearance since the 2010 Malaysian Grand Prix. As a result, the Briton's streak of consecutive Q3 appearances ended at 66. Hamilton also suffered his first retirement of the season in Japan due to damage caused by a puncture, which he got from a clash with Vettel.[129] Rosberg, despite winning the Monaco and British Grands Prix,[130] finished sixth, with retirements in Australia, China and Hungary, as well as a string of bad luck preventing him from having clean races, hurting his point tally. Mercedes finished as the runner-up to Red Bull in the Constructors' Championship with 360 points.

Lotus driver Kimi Räikkönen finished fifth in the Drivers' Championship with 183 points. He missed the last two races of the season due to a back surgery.[131] The Finn won the season-opening Australian Grand Prix and placed second at the Chinese, Bahrain, Spanish, German, Hungarian and Korean Grands Prix, but a retirement in Belgium combined with a non-points finish in Italy opened the gap to the championship leader. Belgium was the first time Räikkönen failed to finish a race since returning to the sport at the 2012 Australian Grand Prix. It also ended Räikkönen's record run of consecutive points finishes at 27,[132] which started at the 2012 Bahrain Grand Prix. Teammate Romain Grosjean finished third in Bahrain, Germany, Korea, Japan and India, finishing seventh in the points standings. He also saw a return of 2012 controversies during the first half of the season after being handed a 10-place grid penalty for the Canadian Grand Prix, which he received for crashing into Daniel Ricciardo at Monaco.[133] He was also handed a 20-second time penalty in Hungary for a collision with Jenson Button.[134] However, the Frenchman found great form and confidence afterwards to score three consecutive podium finishes and equaled his best ever result in the United States with second place. Poor showings in Monaco, Canada, Great Britain, Belgium, Italy and Brazil saw Lotus fall to fourth in the Constructors' Championship with 315 points, 39 adrift of Ferrari for third place.

Despite finishing the 2012 season with two wins in the final two races, McLaren have openly admitted to a difficult 2013 campaign.[135] Button finished ninth overall, 39 points behind Massa, whilst teammate Sergio Pérez ended up twelfth. The team ended the season in fifth place in the Constructors' Championship, with a best result of fourth achieved by Button in Brazil. It was the first time since 2006 that McLaren failed to win a race and the first time since 1980 that the team did not score a podium. Force India had a strong start to the season, with Paul di Resta finishing fourth in Bahrain and Adrian Sutil recording a fifth place in Monaco,[136][137] though the team's performance fell significantly during the second half of the season, with only 3 points scored in seven races from Germany to Japan. However, the team put both cars in the points at its home race as well as in Abu Dhabi. di Resta has been very consistent during the first half of the season, claiming points in six consecutive races from China to Great Britain. The team finished in sixth place in the Constructors' Championship, 45 points behind McLaren.[124]

Sauber endured a very difficult first half of the season, scoring just seven points in the first 11 Grands Prix. However, Nico Hülkenberg showed impressive form in Italy, qualifying third and finishing fifth in the race, in Korea, where he started seventh and fought off Hamilton and Alonso for fourth, as well as in the United States, where he qualified fourth and finished sixth. The team also enjoyed a great team result in Japan, where the German finished sixth and his rookie teammate Esteban Gutiérrez seventh, the Mexican's first and only points of the season. Sauber scored 57 points and finished in seventh place in the Constructors' Championship.[138] Gutiérrez endured a difficult introduction to Formula One, with a retirement due to driver error in China, a lowly eighteenth place in Bahrain and a string of grid penalties for causing avoidable collisions and blocking other drivers during qualifying.[139] Despite this, he recorded the fastest lap of the race in Spain,[140] secured his first career top ten qualifying appearance in Singapore, repeated the feat in Korea and drove a strong race for seventh in Japan. Scuderia Toro Rosso finished in eight place overall with career-best results for both Daniel Ricciardo, who finished seventh in China and Italy,[141] and Jean-Éric Vergne, who finished sixth in Canada.[142] Qualifying has improved as well with the team making the top ten in qualifying on a regular basis, with a peak of fifth for Ricciardo at Silverstone.[143] Williams endured one of their worst seasons, not scoring points until Pastor Maldonado finished tenth in Hungary. Teammate Valtteri Bottas qualified third in changeable conditions in Canada, but was unable to carry the speed into the race. However, the Finn scored his first career points in the United States after a strong weekend, finishing eight in the race. Williams finished ninth in the Constructors' Championship, 28 points adrift of Toro Rosso.

Marussia F1 and Caterham F1 did not score points in 2013.[124] The teams' best results have been achieved by Jules Bianchi, who scored a thirteenth for Marussia, and by Charles Pic and Giedo van der Garde, who have both scored a fourteenth place finish for Caterham. By virtue of Bianchi's thirteenth place in Malaysia, Marussia ended the season in tenth.

For the first time since the 1987 season, no race featured the use of wet weather tyres on at least one car. Wet practice and qualifying sessions did take place throughout the year, however all races were dry.

Tyre issues[edit]

Tyre supplier Pirelli faced criticism early in the season due to the wear of some tyres, with some claiming tyre management had become too important to race strategy. This prompted Pirelli to announce plans to introduce new designs after the Canadian Grand Prix.[144] The testing Pirelli undertook on these proposed new designs led to an official complaint on the eve of the Monaco Grand Prix from Ferrari and Red Bull who claimed the way it was done, using the 2013 Mercedes car and drivers, would give them a competitive advantage in both Monaco and Canada.[145] There were also disputes over the change in the failure mode that were the result of new manufacturing methods, as to whether these increased or decreased safety.[146] As the teams arrived in Montreal for the Canadian Grand Prix it was announced that, after further enquiries were made to all teams, the FIA were referring the Mercedes tyre test to its International Tribunal as it may have breached the rules. The FIA cleared an earlier test by Ferrari as it used a 2011 car, which was not a breach of the rules.[147] In order to reduce the number of delaminations, Pirelli introduced two new specifications of rear tyre in time for the Canadian race, which also reverted to the belt pack used in 2011 and 2012 tyres. In announcing the tyre, Pirelli said there would be no further tyre changes for the 2013 season due to the fact that to doing so would need the agreement of all teams, some of whom did not want their performance to be affected by such a mid-season change.[148]

Tyre issues continued to dominate headlines at the British Grand Prix when several drivers suffered explosive punctures during the race.[130] Amid concerns that the issue would continue at the German Grand Prix one week later, Pirelli received permission to introduce an entirely new specification of tyre in time for the Hungarian Grand Prix, whilst introducing modifications to the existing tyres for the race in Germany as a stop-gap solution.[149] The FIA also imposed restrictions of their own, banning the teams from swapping the left- and right-side tyres around, a practice that had been employed to extend the lifespan of the tyres.[150]

Results and standings[edit]

Grands Prix[edit]

Rd. Grand Prix Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Winning constructor Report
1 Australia Australian Grand Prix Germany Sebastian Vettel Finland Kimi Räikkönen Finland Kimi Räikkönen United Kingdom Lotus-Renault Report
2 Malaysia Malaysian Grand Prix Germany Sebastian Vettel Mexico Sergio Pérez Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
3 China Chinese Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Sebastian Vettel Spain Fernando Alonso Italy Ferrari Report
4 Bahrain Bahrain Grand Prix Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Sebastian Vettel Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
5 Spain Spanish Grand Prix Germany Nico Rosberg Mexico Esteban Gutiérrez Spain Fernando Alonso Italy Ferrari Report
6 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Sebastian Vettel Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Mercedes Report
7 Canada Canadian Grand Prix Germany Sebastian Vettel Australia Mark Webber Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
8 United Kingdom British Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Australia Mark Webber Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Mercedes Report
9 Germany German Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Spain Fernando Alonso Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
10 Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Australia Mark Webber United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
11 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Sebastian Vettel Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
12 Italy Italian Grand Prix Germany Sebastian Vettel United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
13 Singapore Singapore Grand Prix Germany Sebastian Vettel Germany Sebastian Vettel Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
14 South Korea Korean Grand Prix Germany Sebastian Vettel Germany Sebastian Vettel Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
15 Japan Japanese Grand Prix Australia Mark Webber Australia Mark Webber Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
16 India Indian Grand Prix Germany Sebastian Vettel Finland Kimi Räikkönen Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
17 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Australia Mark Webber Spain Fernando Alonso Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
18 United States United States Grand Prix Germany Sebastian Vettel Germany Sebastian Vettel Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
19 Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix Germany Sebastian Vettel Australia Mark Webber Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report

Drivers' standings[edit]

Points are awarded to the top ten classified finishers using the following structure:

Position  1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th 
Points 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1
Pos. Driver Grands Prix Points
AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
CHN
China
BHR
Bahrain
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
SIN
Singapore
KOR
South Korea
JPN
Japan
IND
India
ABU
United Arab Emirates
USA
United States
BRA
Brazil
1 Germany Sebastian Vettel 3 1 4 1 4 2 1 Ret 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 397
2 Spain Fernando Alonso 2 Ret 1 8 1 7 2 3 4 5 2 2 2 6 4 11 5 5 3 242
3 Australia Mark Webber 6 2 Ret 7 5 3 4 2 7 4 5 3 15† Ret 2 Ret 2 3 2 199
4 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton 5 3 3 5 12 4 3 4 5 1 3 9 5 5 Ret 6 7 4 9 189
5 Finland Kimi Räikkönen 1 7 2 2 2 10 9 5 2 2 Ret 11 3 2 5 7 Ret 183
6 Germany Nico Rosberg Ret 4 Ret 9 6 1 5 1 9 19† 4 6 4 7 8 2 3 9 5 171
7 France Romain Grosjean 10 6 9 3 Ret Ret 13 19† 3 6 8 8 Ret 3 3 3 4 2 Ret 132
8 Brazil Felipe Massa 4 5 6 15 3 Ret 8 6 Ret 8 7 4 6 9 10 4 8 12 7 112
9 United Kingdom Jenson Button 9 17† 5 10 8 6 12 13 6 7 6 10 7 8 9 14 12 10 4 73
10 Germany Nico Hülkenberg DNS 8 10 12 15 11 Ret 10 10 11 13 5 9 4 6 19† 14 6 8 51
11 Mexico Sergio Pérez 11 9 11 6 9 16† 11 20† 8 9 11 12 8 10 15 5 9 7 6 49
12 United Kingdom Paul di Resta 8 Ret 8 4 7 9 7 9 11 18† Ret Ret 20† Ret 11 8 6 15 11 48
13 Germany Adrian Sutil 7 Ret Ret 13 13 5 10 7 13 Ret 9 16† 10 20† 14 9 10 Ret 13 29
14 Australia Daniel Ricciardo Ret 18† 7 16 10 Ret 15 8 12 13 10 7 Ret 19† 13 10 16 11 10 20
15 France Jean-Éric Vergne 12 10 12 Ret Ret 8 6 Ret Ret 12 12 Ret 14 18† 12 13 17 16 15 13
16 Mexico Esteban Gutiérrez 13 12 Ret 18 11 13 20† 14 14 Ret 14 13 12 11 7 15 13 13 12 6
17 Finland Valtteri Bottas 14 11 13 14 16 12 14 12 16 Ret 15 15 13 12 17 16 15 8 Ret 4
18 Venezuela Pastor Maldonado Ret Ret 14 11 14 Ret 16 11 15 10 17 14 11 13 16 12 11 17 16 1
19 France Jules Bianchi 15 13 15 19 18 Ret 17 16 Ret 16 18 19 18 16 Ret 18 20 18 17 0
20 France Charles Pic 16 14 16 17 17 Ret 18 15 17 15 Ret 17 19 14 18 Ret 19 20 Ret 0
21 Finland Heikki Kovalainen 14 14 0
22 Netherlands Giedo van der Garde 18 15 18 21 Ret 15 Ret 18 18 14 16 18 16 15 Ret Ret 18 19 18 0
23 United Kingdom Max Chilton 17 16 17 20 19 14 19 17 19 17 19 20 17 17 19 17 21 21 19 0
Pos. Driver AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
CHN
China
BHR
Bahrain
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
SIN
Singapore
KOR
South Korea
JPN
Japan
IND
India
ABU
United Arab Emirates
USA
United States
BRA
Brazil
Points
Grands Prix
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)

Bold - Pole position
Italics - Fastest lap

Notes:

  • † — Drivers did not finish the Grand Prix, but were classified as they completed over 90% of the race distance.

Constructors' standings[edit]

Pos. Constructor No. Grands Prix Points
AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
CHN
China
BHR
Bahrain
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
SIN
Singapore
KOR
South Korea
JPN
Japan
IND
India
ABU
United Arab Emirates
USA
United States
BRA
Brazil
1 Austria Red Bull-Renault 1 3 1 4 1 4 2 1 Ret 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 596
2 6 2 Ret 7 5 3 4 2 7 4 5 3 15† Ret 2 Ret 2 3 2
2 Germany Mercedes 9 Ret 4 Ret 9 6 1 5 1 9 19† 4 6 4 7 8 2 3 9 5 360
10 5 3 3 5 12 4 3 4 5 1 3 9 5 5 Ret 6 7 4 9
3 Italy Ferrari 3 2 Ret 1 8 1 7 2 3 4 5 2 2 2 6 4 11 5 5 3 354
4 4 5 6 15 3 Ret 8 6 Ret 8 7 4 6 9 10 4 8 12 7
4 United Kingdom Lotus-Renault 7 1 7 2 2 2 10 9 5 2 2 Ret 11 3 2 5 7 Ret 14 14 315
8 10 6 9 3 Ret Ret 13 19† 3 6 8 8 Ret 3 3 3 4 2 Ret
5 United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes 5 9 17† 5 10 8 6 12 13 6 7 6 10 7 8 9 14 12 10 4 122
6 11 9 11 6 9 16† 11 20† 8 9 11 12 8 10 15 5 9 7 6
6 India Force India-Mercedes 14 8 Ret 8 4 7 9 7 9 11 18† Ret Ret 20† Ret 11 8 6 15 11 77
15 7 Ret Ret 13 13 5 10 7 13 Ret 9 16† 10 20† 14 9 10 Ret 13
7 Switzerland Sauber-Ferrari 11 DNS 8 10 12 15 11 Ret 10 10 11 13 5 9 4 6 19† 14 6 8 57
12 13 12 Ret 18 11 13 20† 14 14 Ret 14 13 12 11 7 15 13 13 12
8 Italy Toro Rosso-Ferrari 18 12 10 12 Ret Ret 8 6 Ret Ret 12 12 Ret 14 18† 12 13 17 16 15 33
19 Ret 18† 7 16 10 Ret 15 8 12 13 10 7 Ret 19† 13 10 16 11 10
9 United Kingdom Williams-Renault 16 Ret Ret 14 11 14 Ret 16 11 15 10 17 14 11 13 16 12 11 17 16 5
17 14 11 13 14 16 12 14 12 16 Ret 15 15 13 12 17 16 15 8 Ret
10 Russia Marussia-Cosworth 22 15 13 15 19 18 Ret 17 16 Ret 16 18 19 18 16 Ret 18 20 18 17 0
23 17 16 17 20 19 14 19 17 19 17 19 20 17 17 19 17 21 21 19
11 Malaysia Caterham-Renault 20 16 14 16 17 17 Ret 18 15 17 15 Ret 17 19 14 18 Ret 19 20 Ret 0
21 18 15 18 21 Ret 15 Ret 18 18 14 16 18 16 15 Ret Ret 18 19 18
Pos. Constructor No. AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
CHN
China
BHR
Bahrain
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
SIN
Singapore
KOR
South Korea
JPN
Japan
IND
India
ABU
United Arab Emirates
USA
United States
BRA
Brazil
Points
Grands Prix
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)

Bold - Pole position
Italics - Fastest lap

Notes:

  • † — Drivers did not finish the Grand Prix, but were classified as they completed over 90% of the race distance.

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