2013 G-20 Saint Petersburg summit
|2013 G-20 Russia summit|
|Follows||Mexico summit, 2012|
|Precedes||Australia summit, 2014|
The summit was dominated by questions regarding the Syrian civil war and any potential international reaction to the Ghouta chemical attacks. The summit came after U.S.-led efforts to obtain a UN Security Council resolution authorising military strikes against the Assad government had failed due to Russian and Chinese opposition. The House of Commons of the United Kingdom had defeated a motion regarding UK involvement in any strike on 30 August and U.S. politicians were debating potential action as the summit was ongoing.
Media billed the summit as a contest between U.S. President Barack Obama, trying to garner support for military action, and Russian President Vladimir Putin in opposition to any such action. 11 countries signed a U.S.-authored statement blaming and condemning the Assad government for the attacks and calling for a "strong international response".
Finance policy meetings
Russia, as this year's chair, hosted the G-20's finance ministers and central bank governors' meeting in Moscow on 15 and 16 February 2013. While preparing for the September summit, the most pressing subject addressed – "desperately" according to Canadian Finance Minister Jim Flaherty – was protectionist actions such as competitive devaluations. Japan, represented by finance minister Taro Aso, "escape[d] criticism" for the 20% drop in the yen that had stemmed from its recent reflationary policies. The "nations declared ... there would be no currency war and deferred plans to set new debt-cutting targets, underlining broad concern about the fragile state of the world economy", per Reuters.
Another meeting of the same participants was held in Moscow on 18 and 19 April 2013.
This meeting was the second time an Australian Prime Minister could not be in attendance, Kevin Rudd being represented by Foreign Minister Bob Carr, owing to the timing of a federal election on 7 September. In 2010, Rudd had been unable to attend when displaced as prime minister two days before the G-20 Toronto summit, at which Deputy Prime Minister Wayne Swan then represented Australia. During the summit, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh focused on the ongoing economic crisis and urged the G-20 nations to pay more attention to their monetary policies.
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- Russia to host G20 summit in 2013, RIA Novosti,4 November 2011
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- "Syria crisis: Cameron loses Commons vote on Syria action". BBC. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
- "Obama: US cannot ignore Syria chemical weapons". BBC. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
- Kendall, Bridget (7 September 2013). "Syria crisis: No clear winner in Russia-US G20 duel". BBC. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
- "The G20". Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- Palmer, Randall, and Kelly, Lidia (16 February 2013) "Update 3: G20 steps back from currency brink, heat off Japan", Reuters, Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- Leaders arrive in Canada ahead of G8/G20 summits CTV News, 24 June 2010. Retrieved 19 August 2013
- Jorgensen, Hugh. If the G20 is so great, why isn't Rudd going? at Lowy Institute for International Policy, 7 August 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2013
- "Manmohan Singh urges G20 Nation to review their Monetary Policies". Retrieved 5 September 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2013 G-20 Saint Petersburg summit.|
- Official Site
- G-20 website of the OECD
- Full Text of India Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's Speech at St. Petersburg G-20 Summit
- Joint Statement on Syria by 11 signatories