2013 Southeast Asian Games
|27th Southeast Asian Games|
Motto: "Green, Clean and Friendship"
|Events||460 in 37 sports|
|Opening ceremony||11 December 2013|
|Closing ceremony||22 December 2013|
|Officially opened by||Nyan Tun
Vice President of Myanmar
|Officially closed by||Nyan Tun
Vice President of Myanmar
|Athlete's Oath||Sandi Oo|
|Torch Lighter||Maung Wai Lin Tun|
|Ceremony venue||Wunna Theikdi Stadium|
|Website||27th Southeast Asian Games
27th Southeast Asian Games
Official website of the Olympic Council of Asia also approved the fact that Myanmar would host the 27th Southeast Asian Games in its news launched on 7 June 2010. ASEAN Football Federation (AFF)'s official website also announced that Myanmar would host the games. Myanmar had already hosted the Games in 1961 and 1969 respectively in Yangon, the then capital of Myanmar. For the third time, Myanmar hosted the Southeast Asian Games. Singapore withdrew its hosting rights due to expected delays in the completion of its new national stadium.
- 1 Host
- 2 Marketing
- 3 Venues
- 4 Games
- 5 Concerns and controversies
- 6 Sponsorship
- 7 Broadcasting rights
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Myanmar, Vietnam, Philippines and Thailand have revealed their intentions to host the Games. However, since the latter hosted the 2003, 2005 and 2007 editions, respectively, these countries are ineligible to host this edition.
Myanmar held the largest time interval of hosting the games, spanning a time of 44 years.
The map of Myanmar is the origin of the 27th SEA Games Logo. The ball with eleven rings represents the 11 Southeast Asian countries and yellow, green and red are the three national colors represented in Myanmar's National Flag. The yellow circle represents equality and fraternity, green color represents love of nature and the green economy and red color represents courage and hard working nature of Myanmar. The circular shape represents complete perfection and endless prosperity among the Southeast Asian countries.
The official mascot of the 2013 Southeast Asian Games is a couple of owls which are considered lucky charms in Myanmar tradition. Owl is globally taken as the wisest, calmest and balanced animal. But, in Myanmar it is also taken to be auspicious and believed to bring forth luck and prosperity to the family, for which the owl dolls are kept at their homes as lucky charms. The owl as official mascot of Myanmar SEA Games 2013 has a personality: wise, calm, lucky, loyal, and friendly. The personality of an owl is expected to bring forth cooperation, friendship, and better understanding among the participating countries. The male owl is called Shwe Yoe and female owl is called Ma Moe.
Wunna Theikdi Sports Complex
- Main Stadium (Opening and Closing Ceremony, Athletics)
- Indoor Stadium (Sepak Takraw, Wushu, Badminton, Karate, Taekwondo, Table Tennis)
- Futsal Indoor Stadium (Futsal)
- Boxing Indoor Stadium (Boxing, Muay)
- Billiard & Snooker Indoor Stadium (Billiard)
- Aquatic Centre (Diving, Swimming)
- Equestrian Field (Equestrian)
- Cycling Field (Cycling – Track)
Zayarthiri Sports Complex
- Main Stadium (Football)
- Indoor Stadium (Volleyball, Judo, Vovinam, Pencak Silat, Basketball)
- Swimming Pool (Water Polo)
- Mount Pleasant (Cycling BMX,cross country, downhill)
- Ngalike Dam (Canoeing, Rowing, Traditional Boat Race)
- Road of Leway, Pyinmanar, Tatkon (Cycling – Road)
- Royal Myanmar Golf Course (Golf)
- Zabuthiri Hotel (Chess)
- Thuwunna Stadium (Football)
- Thuwunna Indoor Stadium (Wrestling, Kenpō)
- Thein Phyu Stadium (Weightlifting)
- Hockey Field (Field Hockey)
- North Dagon Shooting Range (Shooting)
- Myanmar Convention Center (Bodybuilding)
- Mandalarthiri Stadium (Football)
- Ngwesaung Beach (Sailing)
The opening ceremony was held on 11 December 2013 at the Wunna Theikdi Stadium. It marked the nation's biggest sporting event hosted since 1969. It was lead with pre-launch entertainment and a series of screens beamed a dramatic lights show during the Chinese-backed extravaganza.
Fireworks displays was made upon the entrance of President Thein Sein into the stadium. The theme song "Colourful Garden" was performed during the flag-raising ceremony after performances made by 12,000 school children and the Myanmar Royal Auspicious Orchestra. Chairman of the 27th SEA Games Organizing Committee, Vice President Nyan Tun declared the Games open with another explosion of colorful fireworks that lit up the night. Torch relay was passed through the hands of six former Myanmar athletes before Aye Myint Kyu, the Union Minister for Culture, handed it to a Burmese archer where he lit up the Games cauldron by shooting an arrow into it.
The Games had its closing ceremony held at Wunna Theikdi Stadium on 22 December 2013. It was started with an hour of music following the performance of "Colorful Garden", the theme song for the Games and subsequently, "Loyalty of Blood" was later presented by well-known artists May Sweet and May Kha Lar. The musical hors d'oeuvres concluded with all artists joining together in "Be Peaceful". President Thein Sein and his wife Khin Khin Win then entered the stadium, following which the Closing Ceremony was officially opened with a pyrotechnic display.
Four performances were presented with the first directly connected the SEA Games to Myanmar tradition, celebrating the sport of chinlone, which is believed to have first appeared in Myanmar in the 5th century. It then followed with the "Elephant Dance" which about paying tribute to the elephants in Myanmar.
The Closing Ceremony then paid homage to the 135 officially recognized ethnic races diversity of the country with the performance of "Everlasting Myanmar", depicting the rich diversity of the population, and simultaneously the many obstacles on the path to realizing a new, peaceful and prosperous modern state.
Medal winners of every participating countries were then paraded onto the stadium floor to the beat of martial music – chants of "Myanmar" ringing through the stadium.
The first SEA Games in Myanmar in 44 years was then finally put to rest with one last volley of fireworks and round of musical performances following the official handing over of SEA Games responsibilities to Singapore, host of the 2015 Southeast Asian Games.
Myanmar hosted 37 sports, less than the number of sport in 2011 Southeast Asian Games in Indonesia. Organizers did not nominate the sports of beach volleyball and dancesports, because they considered those uniforms unsuitable for Burmese women. Tennis and Gymnastics, are Olympic sports were not played in December. In this edition of the Games, floorball was also contested as a demonstration sport. The following sports below were calendared for the 2013 Southeast Asian Games.
¹ – not an official Olympic Sport.
² – sport played only in the SEAG.
³ – not a traditional Olympic nor SEAG Sport and introduced only by the host country.
° – a former official Olympic Sport, not applied in previous host countries and was introduced only by the host country.
ʰ- sport not played in the previous edition and was reintroduced by the host country.
Myanmar awarded total 1557 medals; 460 golds, 460 silvers and 637 bronzes to athletes. Athletics awarded 46 gold medals with maximum ones in this year's SEA Games.
|Source: First Source, Second Source|
Concerns and controversies
Event cut down
- The inclusion of Chinlone, an indigenous traditional Burmese sport is not sitting well with many nations and the exclusion of Olympic disciplines sports like gymnastics and tennis infuriated quite a few competing nations, and has became one of the controversial issues heading before the 27th Southeast Asian Games.
- The host nation also included Sittuyin, a traditional Burmese chess, as a traditional chess number along with common chess competition number. Other competing nations were not familiar with this traditional Burmese chess.
- Due to the reduction of a number of Olympic sports and addition of non-Olympic sports and sports wherein the host country excels, the Philippines decided to send only its top athletes instead of a full-house delegation as in the previous games. The Philippines sent 208 athletes only, the smallest delegation since the 1999 Brunei SEA Games, which its smallest delegation in 14 years.
- The 100m freestyle swimming event for women which was held on 12 December was restarted after Thailand protested and appealed for a re-swim. Thailand claimed that its swimmer participating in the sporting event stopped in the middle of the event after hearing the second horn which signaled a false start. The other swimmers did not stop and the race was not interrupted. Pinky Brosas, national head coach of the Philippine national swimming team criticized the organizers for not interrupting the race and noted that the officials did not put down the 50m flag.
- In the kata team event for women, the Vietnamese team has protested the decision of the jurors, which gave the gold medal to the host team (Myamnar). Subsequently, the juror committee had to have a meeting and admitted their mistakes. They released an apology to Vietnamese women kata team for their faults but the decision of juror could not be changed. Vietnamese media called this incident as a "gold medal robbery", which regularly occurs within SEA Games.
- In the Pencak Silat Men's 55–60 kg, the committee didn't give the gold medal that had to be given to Indonesia after Mohammad Adhan won the final against Ye Kyaw Thu from Myanmar because Myanmar protested the decision of the jurors decision, and even their protest being rejected by the jurors, the committee still keep the medal and instead of cancelling all of Men's 55–60 kg Tarung event result.
- In the football event for women, the coach of Myanmar women's national football team has vowed to make an official complaint over the alleged lack of expertise of the Indian referee during the team's SEA Games defeat on penalties to Thailand. Burmese fans were outraged by decisions that disallowed a Burma goal for offside but allowed a contentious goal by Thailand to stand.
- In the Judo event, Indonesian Judo team refuses one silver and two bronze medals awarded to them as a protest of alleged referee unfairness against host athlete. According to Indonesian Judo team coach, the referee should stop the match when the host athlete locked Indonesian athlete shoulder in illegal foul moves, but the referee decided to overlook it and continue the match resulting in the defeat and injury of Indonesian athlete.
Alleged racial discrimination in sports
- About a day before the games began, the Burmese authorities deselected two Chin athletes who were gold medallists in national events. Another Chin athlete was also deselected a month previously.
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- 27th SEA Games > Myanmar 2013
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- แข่งที่พม่าสะท้อนไทย ‘ศึกซีเกมส์’ กีฬามี ‘มากกว่ากีฬา’ | เดลินิวส์ – อ่านความจริงอ่านเดลินิวส์
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- Đoàn Thể thao Việt Nam tham dự SEA Games 27 với 519 VĐV
- In Athletics Men's 1500m FINAL has 2 Golds Medal.
- No Silver Medal in Athletics : Men's 1500m.
- HS Manjunath (10 December 2013). "Cambodia eye record medal haul". The Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
- Jasmine Alkhadi PH Swimmer Gold Medalist Nullified | Philippine News
- SEA Games: Alkhaldi gold recalled after Thailand protest; re-swim scheduled | Sports | GMA News Online
- Trọng tài karatedo thừa nhận VN mất oan HC vàng – VnExpress
- Samarinda Pos Online
- ZARNI MANN (19 December 2013). "Burma to Complain About Referee in SEA Games Women's FootballKnockout". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- SHANGHAI DAILY (19 December 2013). "Myanmar women football also trips out of gold hope". The Shanghai Daily. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
- "Tim Judo Menolak Ambil Medali" (in Indonesian). TribunJabar.com. 21 December 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
- Chin athletes disappointed over selection process for SEA Games
- Chin News
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