2013 Tasmanian bushfires

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
2013 Tasmanian bushfires
2013 Tasmanian bushfires
Fires at Forcett/Copping on 4 January
Location Central Highlands, East coast (Bicheno), Forestier and Tasman Peninsulas
Cost 69+ million
Date(s) January 2013
Ignition source Lightning,[1] abandoned campfire[2]
Accidental (Forcett fire)[3]
Land use Mixed, residential and bush
Buildings destroyed At least 170[4]
Injuries (non-fatal) Unknown
Fatalities 1 firefighter[5]

The 2013 Tasmanian bushfires were a series of bushfires in south-eastern Tasmania in starting in November/December 2012,[6] with major fires in early January 2013, right through until late April 2013.[7]

It was predicted early on that the 2012-13 had the potential to be worse than usual. High fuel loads, coupled with a dry, warm and windy, providing potentially dangerous conditions. The Tasmania Fire Service implemented a new media campaign, with a view to increasing community preparedness and awareness of what to do if bushfires threatened. But nobody predicted that the fire season would last for almost 6 months, which is unprecedented in the recorded history of Tasmania.

November/December 2012[edit]

During the months of November and December 2012, several significant fire incidents took place,[6] including one fire at Forcett in the South-east of the State. In this incident, several firefighters were injured in a wind change on 29 November 2012.[8][9] There was a major fire in the central lakes region (Interlaken Rd, Steppes) that was originally reported on 18 December 2012 and was still burning in the middle of January.[10] There were other blazes at Glenlusk, on the outskirts of Hobart City, which destroyed several vehicles and some makeshift dwellings or shacks,[9] while another fire at Rhyndaston Road, Rhyndaston took weeks to control. Extensive efforts were made to control these fires before the expected heat wave at the start of January 2013.

January 2013[edit]

On 3–4 January 2013, a heat wave,[11] which became known as the Angry Summer and which covered most of the southern and eastern portion of the Australian continent, caused a number of fires to spread across the country. The most devastating of these occurred in the Australian state of Tasmania, where several large bushfires burnt out of control.[12][13] The fires were intensified by the heatwave,[14] with Hobart on 4 January achieving its highest temperature since records began in 1882, reaching 41.8°C (107.2°F) at 4:05 pm.[15][16]

Communities affected by the fires include Bicheno,[17] Boomer Bay, Connelly’s Marsh, Copping, Dunalley,[18] Eaglehawk Neck, Forcett, Murdunna, Primrose Sands, Sommers Bay, Susans Bay, and Taranna.[19][20] As of 5 January, up to 40 fires were burning across Tasmania and at least 100 properties were destroyed[21] including 65 at Dunalley where the police station, primary school and bakery were destroyed,[19] 15 at nearby Boomer Bay, 12 at Bicheno,[17] and 14 at Sommers Bay.[20] More than 20,000 hectares (49,000 acres) of bushland were burnt out.[22]

Communities in south-east Tasmania and on the Tasman and Forestier Peninsulas were forced to flee as fires came down from the north, cutting the only road out and destroying much of Dunalley. A seaborne rescue operation described as "huge" was launched for the thousands of people sheltering on beaches, in boats and at the Port Arthur historic site. More than two thousand people were ferried to safety by police and private volunteers, and another two thousand people took refuge at a community centre at Nubeena.[23]

February 2013[edit]

Firefighters in the Southern half of the State were concerned that a return of the hot weather from the mainland in early February, would see a return to elevated fire danger ratings. There was a concerted effort to ensure that the community understood that the fire season was not over.[24] There was concern that the fire season could see a repeat of the 1967 fires, or the 1933-34 season.[25] A significant fire started on Glen Dhu Road in the Molesworth area on 6 February 2013,[26] which spread rapidly in rugged terrain, with swirling winds causing unusual (and unpredictable) fire behavior.[27] Due to the nature of the terrain, water-bombing helicopters were used extensively, despite significant dangers posed by high-power transmission lines and smoke. Unfortunately one helicopter crashed while fighting the blaze (Firebird 427), but the pilot was able to exit the aircraft safely and was retrieved by another helicopter.[27] At least two other major blazes were fought on the same date, with blazes at Franklin in the Huon Valley and Lefroy, near Georgetown.[28]

March/April[edit]

Several fires started in early March, including a fire at Risdon Vale, an eastern shore Suburb of Hobart, which started on 6 March 2013[29][30] This fast moving fire started in rugged terrain and directly threatened homes almost immediately, a rapid response from the Tasmania Fire Service, with at least 20 crews, was all that saved homes.[29][31] The fire got into the rugged terrain to the south and east of Risdon Vale, where it continued to burn, eventually threatening homes on Richmond Road and Cambridge a week later.[32] The fires continued to burn, right up until a major spate of fires occurred on 27 April 2013, the most dangerous of which was at Tea Trea Road, Tea Trea, which spread into the Coal River Valley, threatening Richmond before it was bought under control by Tasmania Fire Service crews.[7]

Response[edit]

Prime Minister Julia Gillard toured Sorell and Dunalley on 7 January.[33]

New Zealand sent 12 firefighters to Tasmania to help battle the blazes, on a 16-day mission.[34] One New Zealand firefighter said the conditions were considerably different from what they were used to at home, saying burnt-out falling trees were a real threat to safety.[35] Firefighters and incident managers from Victoria were also deployed.[36]

On 13 January, a Victorian Department of Sustainability and Environment firefighter, Peter Cramer, 61, died of natural causes while carry out a reconnaissance on the southern edge of the Forcett fire near the hamlet of Taranna,[37] his body was found about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from the southern edge fire front. On the same day the Arthur Highway on the Tasman Peninsula was reopened after the fire that started on 3 January had burnt out an area of over 24,060 hectares (59,500 acres).[38]

Assistance to victims[edit]

On 6 January, the Minister for Emergency Management Nicola Roxon announced that the Federal Government will be giving A$1,000 to Tasmanians affected by the bushfire.[39]

The Red Cross established a specific fund to assist victims and affected communities.[40]

Reactions[edit]

On 6 January, Queen Elizabeth sent a message expressing her concern for the victims of the bushfires in Tasmania. The message was passed on by Tasmanian Governor Peter Underwood, and read;[41]

I would like to convey my deep concern for all those who have been affected by the devastating bushfires that have caused widespread destruction across Tasmania.

I send my sympathy to those people who have lost their homes or livelihoods in the fires, and offer my support and admiration for the firefighters, volunteers and emergency services officers who have been working tirelessly to contain the situation.

The Catholic Archbishop of Hobart, The Most Reverend Adrian Doyle received a message from Pope Benedict XVI saying the Pope is saddened about the widespread destruction and thanking firefighters and emergency workers.[42]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Smoke to continue to affect Southern Tasmania". The Examiner (Tasmania). 6 January 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  2. ^ Dawtrey, Zara (4 January 2013). "Firies struggle as heat rises". The Mercury (Hobart). Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  3. ^ Tasmania Police Media & Communications (8 January 2013). "Forcett fire - cause determined" (Press release). Tasmanian Police (www.police.tas.gov.au). Retrieved 9 January 2013. "The cause has been determined as of an accidental nature with the fire emanating from an old fire in a burnt out tree stump at Forcett." 
  4. ^ Sands, Mark (18 January 2013). "New Tasmanian fire destroys 30 homes". Post Online. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 
  5. ^ "Firefighter dies in Tasmania while fire threatens world-leading observatory in NSW". news.com.au. 14 January 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Kempton, Helen (4 December 2012). "Our Fantastic Firies". The Mercury. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Staff (27 April 2013). "Busy Day for Fire Crews". The Mercury. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  8. ^ Fair, Alex (30 November 2012). "Seven Firefighters Hurt". The Examiner. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Paine, Michelle (1 December 2012). "Fire Fury Hits Tassie". The Mercury. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  10. ^ Smith, Matt (15 January 2013). "Aurora Winning Battle". The Mercury. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  11. ^ "Fire risk high as southern states swelter". ABC News (Australia). 4 January 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  12. ^ Staff (4 January 2013). "Tasmanian Fire Crews Battling Multiple Blazes". ABC Online. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  13. ^ Staff (25 January 2013). "Hot Spots Putting Up Fight". The Mercury. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  14. ^ "Fires rage across Tasmania". ABC News (Australia). 4 January 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  15. ^ Lord, Elizabeth (5 January 2013). "Hottest for 130 years". The Mercury (Hobart). Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  16. ^ Bureau of Meteorology. "Tasmania in January 2013: Record heat, little rain". BOM Tasmania Monthly Climate Summary, January, 2013. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  17. ^ a b Mather, Anne; Killick, Dave; Dawtrey, Zara (5 January 2013). "Thousand flee fire storms". The Mercury (Hobart). Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  18. ^ Paull, John (2013) "Dunalley, Tasmania: The Ashes of 2013", A Photographic Exhibition.
  19. ^ a b Tasmania Police Media & Communications (5 January 2013). "Fires update 0800" (Press release). Tasmanian Police. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  20. ^ a b Tasmania Police Media & Communications (7 January 2013). "Fires update at 10am" (Press release). Tasmanian Police. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  21. ^ "Thousands stranded as fires devastate Tasmania". Australian Broadcasting Corporationdate=5 January 2012. Retrieved 18 January 2012. 
  22. ^ Killick, David (6 January 2013). "Police search burnt premises". The Mercury (Hobart). Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  23. ^ Stark, Jill (6 January 2013). "Mass Rescue as Thousands Flee Tasmanian Fires". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  24. ^ Benuick, David (11 January 2013). "Tas Peak Fire Period Still Weeks Away". The Australian. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  25. ^ Smith, Matt (6 February 2013). "Tassie Inferno Inevitable". The Mercury. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  26. ^ Killick, David (7 February 2013). "Molesworth Fire Alert". The Mercury. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  27. ^ a b Dawtree, Zara (8 February 2013). "Fire Torment Continues". The Mercury. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  28. ^ AAP (8 February 2013). "Pilot Rescued as Tas Fire Threat Lowered". News.com.au. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  29. ^ a b Raabus, Carol (6 March 2013). "Risdon Vale Bushfire Cuts Power to East Coast". ABC Radio 936 Online. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  30. ^ Clark, Nick (6 March 2013). "Air Crews Fight Risdon Vale Fire". The Mercury. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  31. ^ Staff (7 March 2013). "Risdon Vale Homes Saved From Blaze". The Examiner. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  32. ^ Dawtrey, Zara (13 March 2013). "Risdon Fire Flares UP". The Mercury. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  33. ^ "Australia bushfires: Tasmania search for 100 'missing'". BBC News. 6 January 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  34. ^ Chadwick, Sanele (9 January 2013). "NZ firefighters lend a hand". 3 News NZ. Retrieved 9 January 2013. 
  35. ^ "Firefighters dodge falling trees". 3 News NZ. 24 January 2013. 
  36. ^ Hillard, Leith (7 January 2013). "CFA from the Tasmanian fireground". CFA News Release. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  37. ^ AAP (14 January 2013). "Fire chiefs pay tribute to fallen volunteer Peter Cramer". The Australian. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  38. ^ "Firefighter dies in Tasmania while fire threatens world-leading observatory in NSW". The Daily Telegraph. News Limited. 14 January 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  39. ^ Hasham, Nicole (6 January 2013). "$1000 relief aid for Tasmania bushfire victims". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  40. ^ Lord, Elizabeth (9 January 2013). "Donations surge to $1.5m". The Mercury (Hobart). Retrieved 9 January 2013. 
  41. ^ "Queen sends thoughts to Tas fire victims". The Australian. AAP. 6 January 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  42. ^ "Tasmanian fire threats downgraded but alerts remain". ABC News (Australia). 9 January 2013. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]