2013 Tour de France
|2013 UCI World Tour, race 18 of 28|
|Route of the 2013 Tour de France|
|Dates||29 June 2013–21 July 2013|
|Distance||3,403.5 km (2,115 mi)|
|Winning time||83h 56' 40" (40.5 km/h or 25.2 mph)|
|Winner||Chris Froome (GBR)||(Team Sky)|
|Second||Nairo Quintana (COL)||(Movistar Team)|
|Third||Joaquim Rodríguez (ESP)||(Team Katusha)|
|Points||Peter Sagan (SVK)||(Cannondale)|
|Mountains||Nairo Quintana (COL)||(Movistar Team)|
|Youth||Nairo Quintana (COL)||(Movistar Team)|
The 2013 Tour de France was the 100th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Tour started on 29 June with a 213 km (132.4 mi) flat stage from Porto-Vecchio to Bastia. The race concluded with a ceremonial stage that ended on the Champs Elysees in Paris on 21 July. Twenty-two teams entered the race, which was won by Britain's Chris Froome of Team Sky. Second and third respectively were the Colombian Nairo Quintana and the Spanish rider, Joaquim Rodríguez.
German sprinter Marcel Kittel was the first rider to wear the coveted race leader's maillot jaune (English: yellow jersey). Kittel lost the lead the next day to Jan Bakelants who managed to obtain a one second lead after a late solo attack. Australian Simon Gerrans gained the race lead after his team, Orica-GreenEDGE, won the stage four team time trial. Gerrans passed the lead on to teammate Daryl Impey after the fifth leg's conclusion. Chris Froome took the lead away from Impey after the eighth stage which contained a summit finish to Ax 3 Domaines. Froome then kept the lead all the way to the race's finish in Paris by consolidating his lead through solid performances in the individual time trials and in the high mountains.
Chris Froome became the second consecutive British cyclist to win the Tour de France, after Bradley Wiggins accomplished the feat the year before. In the race's other classifications, Movistar Team rider Nairo Quintana won the mountains classification and also finished as the best rider under the age of 26 in the general classification, finishing in second place overall; Peter Sagan of the Cannondale team was the winner of the points classification, with Team Saxo-Tinkoff finishing as the winners of the team classification, ranking each of the twenty teams contesting the race by lowest cumulative time.
†: Invited Pro-Continental teams
Bradley Wiggins, the defending champion, had focused on the Giro d'Italia, but retired early due to illness. He subsequently pulled out of the Tour de France because illness and injury had left him insufficient time to train. This left Chris Froome, second place finisher in the 2012 tour, the undisputed leader of Team Sky, and a top favourite for the race, having won the Tour of Oman, Critérium International, Tour de Romandie and Critérium du Dauphiné in 2013. Another Team Sky rider Richie Porte had also shown excellent form in 2013, winning Paris-Nice and finishing second to Froome in Criterium International and the Dauphine, but was expected to ride solely for his team-mate. Another of the top favourites, Alberto Contador (Team Saxo-Tinkoff), returned to the race having been suspended from the 2012 race. Andy Schleck of RadioShack-Leopard, the 2010 winner, also returned, having missed 2012 due to injury. Other contenders included Joaquim Rodríguez of Team Katusha, who podiumed both the Giro and Vuelta in 2012, Alejandro Valverde of Movistar Team, who placed second in the 2012 Vuelta, his teammate Nairo Quintana, and winner of the 2011 Tour, Cadel Evans, although he might have to share leadership of BMC Racing Team with Tejay van Garderen. Astana's Vincenzo Nibali was a possible contender after getting his first Tour de France podium in 2012 but focused on the 2013 Giro d'Italia.
Speaking after his victory in the Criterium du Dauphine on 9 June, Froome said that he was one of seven possible winners, the others being Contador, Valverde, Rodriguez, Evans, van Garderen and Quintana.
Route and stages
There were 21 stages in the 2013 race covering a total of 3,403 kilometres (2,115 mi), taking place entirely in France unlike many previous Tours. The Tour started in Corsica, visiting the only two Départements in Metropolitan France it had never visited – Corse-du-Sud and Haute-Corse. As the 100th edition of the race, the 2013 edition featured some of the famous climbs from the history of the race, including a summit finish on Mont Ventoux on Stage 15, and Stage 18 in which Alpe d'Huez was climbed twice by the riders, with the stage finishing after the second ascent.
It started in Corsica, in the city of Porto-Vecchio. The island hosted the first three stages. Corsica was the only Metropolitan region, and Corse-du-Sud and Haute-Corse were the only Metropolitan departments, through which the Tour had never previously passed and the organisers wanted to combine the 100th edition of the Tour with the Tour's first ever visit to Corsica. To accommodate the tour entourage during their stay in Corsica, the organisers chartered the Mega Smeralda cruiseferry to house members of the organisation, media and others who work on the Tour and to host press conferences, although the riders stayed in hotels in and around Porto-Vecchio.
The tour was the first to be completed only on French soil since 2003. It featured a final set of stages which have been described as "brutal", including three Alpine stages in the last week along with a "viciously hard" time trial. These included a double ascent of l'Alpe d'Huez, the first time the tour featured a double climb of this scale. There were eight flat stages, three hilly stages, seven mountain stages (with four summit finishes), two individual time trial stages and one team time trial stage. The race covered a total of 3,403 kilometres (2,115 mi), and finished at dusk in Paris.
The race featured a team time trial around Nice on Stage 4, and two individual time trials. The other stages were all mass-start stages, they are divided in three categories, as shown in the table below: the type of stage influences the points available for the points classification and the time limit. The winner of a flat stages is given 45 points, the winner of a medium-mountain stage is given 30 points and the winner of a mountain stage is given 20 points.
The race concluded on Stage 21, with a night time finish on the Champs-Élysées in Paris for the first time.
|1||29 June||Porto-Vecchio – Bastia||213 km (132 mi)||Flat stage||Marcel Kittel (GER)|
|2||30 June||Bastia – Ajaccio||156 km (97 mi)||Medium-mountain stage||Jan Bakelants (BEL)|
|3||1 July||Ajaccio – Calvi||145.5 km (90 mi)||Medium-mountain stage||Simon Gerrans (AUS)|
|4||2 July||Nice – Nice||25 km (16 mi)||Team time trial||Orica-GreenEDGE|
|5||3 July||Cagnes-sur-Mer – Marseille||228.5 km (142 mi)||Flat stage||Mark Cavendish (GBR)|
|6||4 July||Aix-en-Provence – Montpellier||176.5 km (110 mi)||Flat stage||André Greipel (GER)|
|7||5 July||Montpellier – Albi||205.5 km (128 mi)||Flat stage||Peter Sagan (SVK)|
|8||6 July||Castres – Ax 3 Domaines||195 km (121 mi)||Mountain stage||Chris Froome (GBR)|
|9||7 July||Saint-Girons – Bagnères-de-Bigorre||168.5 km (105 mi)||Mountain stage||Daniel Martin (IRL)|
|8 July||Rest day|
|10||9 July||Saint-Gildas-des-Bois – Saint-Malo||197 km (122 mi)||Flat stage||Marcel Kittel (GER)|
|11||10 July||Avranches – Mont Saint-Michel||33 km (21 mi)||Individual time trial||Tony Martin (GER)|
|12||11 July||Fougères – Tours||218 km (135 mi)||Flat stage||Marcel Kittel (GER)|
|13||12 July||Tours – Saint-Amand-Montrond||173 km (107 mi)||Flat stage||Mark Cavendish (GBR)|
|14||13 July||Saint-Pourçain-sur-Sioule – Lyon||191 km (119 mi)||Medium-mountain stage||Matteo Trentin (ITA)|
|15||14 July||Givors – Mont Ventoux||242.5 km (151 mi)||Mountain stage||Chris Froome (GBR)|
|15 July||Rest day|
|16||16 July||Vaison-la-Romaine – Gap||168 km (104 mi)||Mountain stage||Rui Costa (POR)|
|17||17 July||Embrun – Chorges||32 km (20 mi)||Individual time trial||Chris Froome (GBR)|
|18||18 July||Gap – Alpe d'Huez||172.5 km (107 mi)||Mountain stage||Christophe Riblon (FRA)|
|19||19 July||Le Bourg-d'Oisans – Le Grand-Bornand||204.5 km (127 mi)||Mountain stage||Rui Costa (POR)|
|20||20 July||Annecy – Mont Semnoz||125 km (78 mi)||Mountain stage||Nairo Quintana (COL)|
|21||21 July||Versailles – Paris||133.5 km (83 mi)||Flat stage||Marcel Kittel (GER)|
There were four main classifications contested in the 2013 Tour de France, with the most important being the general classification. The general classification was calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification was considered the winner of the Tour. In 2013, there were no time bonuses given.
Additionally, there was a points classification, which awards a green jersey. In the points classification, cyclists get points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points led the classification, and is identified with a green jersey.
There was also a mountains classification. The organization categorized some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reach the top of these climbs, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points led the classification, and was identified with a polka dot jersey.
The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification, marked by the white jersey. This classification was calculated the same way as the general classification, but the classification was restricted to riders who were born on or after 1 January 1988.
For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team is the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that led this classification were identified with yellow numbers and helmets.
- In stage 2, Alexander Kristoff, who was second in the points classification, wore the green jersey, because Marcel Kittel (in first place) wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification during that stage.
- In stage 2, Danny van Poppel, who was second in the young rider classification, wore the white jersey, because Marcel Kittel (in first place) wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification during that stage.
- In stage 9, Pierre Rolland, who was second in the mountains classification, wore the polka dot jersey, because Chris Froome (in first place) wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification during that stage. Froome and Rolland both had collected 31 points up to this point, but Froome claimed the polka dot jersey, because he had crossed the line as first on first category mountains more often than Rolland.
- In stage 13, the combativity award was voted to Omega Pharma-Quick Step by the jury to recognize the contributions of the entire team. Mark Cavendish was then selected to represent the team on the podium.
- In stages 16 to 18, Mikel Nieve, who was third in the mountains classification, wore the polka dot jersey, because Chris Froome (in first place) wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification during those stages, and Nairo Quintana (in second place) wore the white jersey as leader of the young rider classification during the same stages.
- In stage 19, Christophe Riblon who was third in the mountains classification, wore the polka dot jersey, because Chris Froome (in first place) wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification during those stages, and Nairo Quintana (in second place) wore the white jersey as leader of the young rider classification during the same stages.
- In stage 20, Pierre Rolland, who was second in the mountains classification, wore the polka dot jersey, because Chris Froome (in first place) wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification during that stage.
- In stage 21, Andrew Talansky, who was second in the young rider classification, wore the white jersey, because Nairo Quintana (in first place) wore the polka dot jersey as leader of the mountains classification.
|Denotes the leader of the General classification||Denotes the leader of the Mountains classification|
|Denotes the leader of the Points classification||Denotes the leader of the Young rider classification|
|Denotes the leader of the Team classification|
|1||Chris Froome (GBR)||Team Sky||83h 56' 40"|
|2||Nairo Quintana (COL)||Movistar Team||+ 4' 20"|
|3||Joaquim Rodríguez (ESP)||Team Katusha||+ 5' 04"|
|4||Alberto Contador (ESP)||Team Saxo-Tinkoff||+ 6' 27"|
|5||Roman Kreuziger (CZE)||Team Saxo-Tinkoff||+ 7' 27"|
|6||Bauke Mollema (NED)||Belkin Pro Cycling||+ 11' 42"|
|7||Jakob Fuglsang (DEN)||Astana||+ 12' 17"|
|8||Alejandro Valverde (ESP)||Movistar Team||+ 15' 26"|
|9||Daniel Navarro (ESP)||Cofidis||+ 15' 52"|
|10||Andrew Talansky (USA)||Garmin-Sharp||+ 17' 39"|
|1||Peter Sagan (SVK)||Cannondale||409|
|2||Mark Cavendish (GBR)||Omega Pharma-Quick Step||312|
|3||André Greipel (GER)||Lotto-Belisol||267|
|4||Marcel Kittel (GER)||Argos-Shimano||222|
|5||Alexander Kristoff (NOR)||Team Katusha||177|
|6||Juan Antonio Flecha (ESP)||Vacansoleil-DCM||163|
|7||José Joaquín Rojas (ESP)||Movistar Team||156|
|8||Michał Kwiatkowski (POL)||Omega Pharma-Quick Step||110|
|9||Chris Froome (GBR)||Team Sky||107|
|10||Christophe Riblon (FRA)||Ag2r-La Mondiale||104|
|1||Nairo Quintana (COL)||Movistar Team||147|
|2||Chris Froome (GBR)||Team Sky||136|
|3||Pierre Rolland (FRA)||Team Europcar||119|
|4||Joaquim Rodríguez (ESP)||Team Katusha||99|
|5||Christophe Riblon (FRA)||Ag2r-La Mondiale||98|
|6||Mikel Nieve (ESP)||Euskaltel-Euskadi||98|
|7||Moreno Moser (ITA)||Cannondale||72|
|8||Richie Porte (AUS)||Team Sky||72|
|9||Ryder Hesjedal (CAN)||Garmin-Sharp||64|
|10||Tejay van Garderen (USA)||BMC Racing Team||63|
Young Riders classification
|1||Nairo Quintana (COL)||Movistar Team||84h 01' 00"|
|2||Andrew Talansky (USA)||Garmin-Sharp||+ 13' 19″|
|3||Michał Kwiatkowski (POL)||Omega Pharma-Quick Step||+ 14' 39"|
|4||Romain Bardet (FRA)||Ag2r-La Mondiale||+ 22′ 22″|
|5||Tom Dumoulin (NED)||Argos-Shimano||+ 1h 30′ 10″|
|6||Alexandre Geniez (FRA)||FDJ.fr||+ 1h 33' 46″|
|7||Tejay van Garderen (USA)||BMC Racing Team||+ 1h 34' 37″|
|8||Alexis Vuillermoz (FRA)||Sojasun||+ 1h 35′ 45″|
|9||Tony Gallopin (FRA)||RadioShack-Leopard||+ 1h 58' 39″|
|10||Arthur Vichot (FRA)||FDJ.fr||+ 2h 10' 46″|
|1||Team Saxo-Tinkoff||251h 11′ 07″|
|2||Ag2r-La Mondiale||+ 8' 28″|
|3||RadioShack-Leopard||+ 9' 02″|
|4||Movistar Team||+ 22' 49″|
|5||Belkin Pro Cycling||+ 38' 30″|
|6||Team Katusha||+ 1h 03' 48″|
|7||Euskaltel-Euskadi||+ 1h 30' 34″|
|8||Omega Pharma-Quick Step||+ 1h 50' 25″|
|9||Team Sky||+ 1h 56' 42″|
|10||Cofidis||+ 2h 07' 11″|
In total, around €2 million was distributed after the Tour. Initially, each team received around €50,000 while each team with at least seven riders finishing the Tour received €1600 extra per rider. The individual winner of the General Classification received €450,000, with progressively smaller prizes for each individual finishing position, down to €400 for the last rider.
The stage winner was awarded €8,000 for a normal stage and €10,000 for a time trial. The money gradually decreased, with the 20th finisher receiving €200. Money was also awarded for crossing the categorized climbs, for the best young rider of each stage, the most combative rider, and the best team on the stage.
|Hors Category Mtn.||€800||€450||€300||–|
|1st Category Mtn.||€650||€400||€150||–|
|2nd Category Mtn.||€500||€250||–|
|3rd Category Mtn.||€300||–|
|4th Category Mtn.||€200||–|
|Pos.||Team||Prize money||Major awards|
|Jerseys/awards||Stage wins||Top 10 Classifications
(or best outside top 10)
|2||Movistar Team||€344,980||Souvenir Henri Desgrange||3||2nd, & 8th|
|3||Team Saxo-Tinkoff||€205,780||0||4th & 5th|
|5||Omega Pharma-Quick Step||€121,260||4||11th|
|10||Belkin Pro Cycling||€52,260||0||6th|
|18||BMC Racing Team||€17,710||0||35th|
One month after the Tour ended, it was announced that there were no positive doping tests, but that all tests would be stored, so they could be re-analyzed in a few years once new tests have been developed.
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