2013 Tour de France

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
2013 Tour de France
2013 UCI World Tour, race 18 of 28
Route of the 2013 Tour de France.png
Route of the 2013 Tour de France
Race details
Dates 29 June 2013 (2013-06-29)–21 July 2013 (2013-07-21)
Stages 21
Distance 3,404 km (2,115 mi)
Winning time 83h 56' 40" (40.5 km/h or 25.2 mph)
Palmares
Winner  Chris Froome (GBR) (Team Sky)
Second  Nairo Quintana (COL) (Movistar Team)
Third  Joaquim Rodríguez (ESP) (Team Katusha)

Points  Peter Sagan (SVK) (Cannondale)
Mountains  Nairo Quintana (COL) (Movistar Team)
Youth  Nairo Quintana (COL) (Movistar Team)
Team Team Saxo-Tinkoff
2012
2014

The 2013 Tour de France was the 100th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Tour started on 29 June with a 213 km (132.4 mi) flat stage from Porto-Vecchio to Bastia. The race concluded with a ceremonial stage that ended on the Champs Elysees in Paris on 21 July. Twenty-two teams entered the race, which was won by Britain's Chris Froome of Team Sky. Second and third respectively were the Colombian Nairo Quintana and the Spanish rider, Joaquim Rodríguez.

German sprinter Marcel Kittel was the first rider to wear the coveted race leader's maillot jaune (English: yellow jersey). Kittel lost the lead the next day to Jan Bakelants who managed to obtain a one second lead after a late solo attack. Australian Simon Gerrans gained the race lead after his team, Orica-GreenEDGE, won the stage four team time trial. Gerrans passed the lead on to teammate Daryl Impey after the fifth leg's conclusion. Chris Froome took the lead away from Impey after the eighth stage which contained a summit finish to Ax 3 Domaines. Froome then kept the lead all the way to the race's finish in Paris by consolidating his lead through solid performances in the individual time trials and in the high mountains.

Chris Froome became the second consecutive British cyclist to win the Tour de France, after Bradley Wiggins accomplished the feat the year before. In the race's other classifications, Movistar Team rider Nairo Quintana won the mountains classification and also finished as the best rider under the age of 26 in the general classification, finishing in second place overall; Peter Sagan of the Cannondale team was the winner of the points classification, with Team Saxo-Tinkoff finishing as the winners of the team classification, ranking each of the twenty teams contesting the race by lowest cumulative time.

Teams[edit]

All 19 teams in the UCI's Proteam category were entitled, and obliged, to enter the race. Three UCI Professional Continental teams, all French-based, were also invited.[1]

†: Invited Pro-Continental teams

Pre-race favourites[edit]

Team Sky's Chris Froome, the eventual winner, had been considered the favourite before the race

Bradley Wiggins, the defending champion, had focused on the Giro d'Italia, but retired early due to illness.[2] He subsequently pulled out of the Tour de France because illness and injury had left him insufficient time to train.[3] This left Chris Froome, second place finisher in the 2012 tour, the undisputed leader of Team Sky, and a top favourite for the race, having won the Tour of Oman, Critérium International, Tour de Romandie and Critérium du Dauphiné in 2013.[4] Another Team Sky rider Richie Porte had also shown excellent form in 2013, winning Paris-Nice and finishing second to Froome in Criterium International and the Dauphine, but was expected to ride solely for his team-mate. Another of the top favourites, Alberto Contador (Team Saxo-Tinkoff), returned to the race having been suspended from the 2012 race. Andy Schleck of RadioShack-Leopard, the 2010 winner, also returned, having missed 2012 due to injury. Other contenders included Joaquim Rodríguez of Team Katusha, who podiumed both the Giro and Vuelta in 2012, Alejandro Valverde of Movistar Team, who placed second in the 2012 Vuelta, his teammate Nairo Quintana, and winner of the 2011 Tour, Cadel Evans, although he might have to share leadership of BMC Racing Team with Tejay van Garderen. Astana's Vincenzo Nibali was a possible contender after getting his first Tour de France podium in 2012 but focused on the 2013 Giro d'Italia.[5]

Speaking after his victory in the Criterium du Dauphine on 9 June, Froome said that he was one of seven possible winners, the others being Contador, Valverde, Rodriguez, Evans, van Garderen and Quintana.[4][6]

Route and stages[edit]

There were 21 stages in the 2013 race covering a total of 3,403 kilometres (2,115 mi), taking place entirely in France unlike many previous Tours.[7] The Tour started in Corsica, visiting the only two Départements in Metropolitan France it had never visited – Corse-du-Sud and Haute-Corse.[7] As the 100th edition of the race, the 2013 edition featured some of the famous climbs from the history of the race, including a summit finish on Mont Ventoux on Stage 15, and Stage 18 in which Alpe d'Huez was climbed twice by the riders, with the stage finishing after the second ascent.

It started in Corsica, in the city of Porto-Vecchio. The island hosted the first three stages.[8] Corsica was the only Metropolitan region, and Corse-du-Sud and Haute-Corse were the only Metropolitan departments, through which the Tour had never previously passed and the organisers wanted to combine the 100th edition of the Tour with the Tour's first ever visit to Corsica.[9][10][11] To accommodate the tour entourage during their stay in Corsica, the organisers chartered the Mega Smeralda cruiseferry to house members of the organisation, media and others who work on the Tour and to host press conferences, although the riders stayed in hotels in and around Porto-Vecchio.[12]

The tour was the first to be completed only on French soil since 2003. It featured a final set of stages which have been described as "brutal", including three Alpine stages in the last week along with a "viciously hard" time trial.[11] These included a double ascent of l'Alpe d'Huez, the first time the tour featured a double climb of this scale.[11][13] There were eight flat stages, three hilly stages, seven mountain stages (with four summit finishes), two individual time trial stages and one team time trial stage. The race covered a total of 3,403 kilometres (2,115 mi),[7] and finished at dusk in Paris.[11]

The race featured a team time trial around Nice on Stage 4, and two individual time trials. The other stages were all mass-start stages, they are divided in three categories, as shown in the table below: the type of stage influences the points available for the points classification and the time limit. The winner of a flat stages is given 45 points, the winner of a medium-mountain stage is given 30 points and the winner of a mountain stage is given 20 points.[14]

The race concluded on Stage 21, with a night time finish on the Champs-Élysées in Paris for the first time.

List of stages[7][8]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
1 29 June Porto-Vecchio – Bastia 213 km (132 mi) Flat stage  Marcel Kittel (GER)
2 30 June Bastia – Ajaccio 156 km (97 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Jan Bakelants (BEL)
3 1 July Ajaccio – Calvi 145.5 km (90 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Simon Gerrans (AUS)
4 2 July Nice – Nice 25 km (16 mi) History.gif Team time trial Orica-GreenEDGE
5 3 July Cagnes-sur-Mer – Marseille 228.5 km (142 mi) Flat stage  Mark Cavendish (GBR)
6 4 July Aix-en-Provence – Montpellier 176.5 km (110 mi) Flat stage  André Greipel (GER)
7 5 July Montpellier – Albi 205.5 km (128 mi) Flat stage  Peter Sagan (SVK)
8 6 July Castres – Ax 3 Domaines 195 km (121 mi) Mountain stage  Chris Froome (GBR)
9 7 July Saint-Girons – Bagnères-de-Bigorre 168.5 km (105 mi) Mountain stage  Daniel Martin (IRL)
8 July Rest day
10 9 July Saint-Gildas-des-Bois – Saint-Malo 197 km (122 mi) Flat stage  Marcel Kittel (GER)
11 10 July Avranches – Mont Saint-Michel 33 km (21 mi) History.gif Individual time trial  Tony Martin (GER)
12 11 July Fougères – Tours 218 km (135 mi) Flat stage  Marcel Kittel (GER)
13 12 July Tours – Saint-Amand-Montrond 173 km (107 mi) Flat stage  Mark Cavendish (GBR)
14 13 July Saint-Pourçain-sur-Sioule – Lyon 191 km (119 mi) Medium-mountain stage  Matteo Trentin (ITA)
15 14 July Givors – Mont Ventoux 242.5 km (151 mi) Mountain stage  Chris Froome (GBR)
15 July Rest day
16 16 July Vaison-la-Romaine – Gap 168 km (104 mi) Mountain stage  Rui Costa (POR)
17 17 July Embrun – Chorges 32 km (20 mi) History.gif Individual time trial  Chris Froome (GBR)
18 18 July Gap – Alpe d'Huez 172.5 km (107 mi) Mountain stage  Christophe Riblon (FRA)
19 19 July Le Bourg-d'Oisans – Le Grand-Bornand 204.5 km (127 mi) Mountain stage  Rui Costa (POR)
20 20 July Annecy – Mont Semnoz 125 km (78 mi) Mountain stage  Nairo Quintana (COL)
21 21 July Versailles – Paris 133.5 km (83 mi) Flat stage  Marcel Kittel (GER)

Classification leadership[edit]

There were four main classifications contested in the 2013 Tour de France, with the most important being the general classification. The general classification was calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification was considered the winner of the Tour.[15] In 2013, there were no time bonuses given.[16]

Additionally, there was a points classification, which awards a green jersey. In the points classification, cyclists get points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points led the classification, and is identified with a green jersey.[15]

There was also a mountains classification. The organization categorized some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reach the top of these climbs, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points led the classification, and was identified with a polka dot jersey.[15]

The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification, marked by the white jersey. This classification was calculated the same way as the general classification, but the classification was restricted to riders who were born on or after 1 January 1988.[15]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team is the team with the lowest total time. The riders in the team that led this classification were identified with yellow numbers and helmets.[16][17]

For the combativity award, a jury gave points after each stage to the cyclists they considered most combative. The cyclist with the most votes in all stages led the classification.[16]

Stage Winner General classification
Jersey yellow.svg
Points classification
Jersey green.svg
Mountains classification
Jersey polkadot.svg
Young rider classification
Jersey white.svg
Team classification
Jersey yellow number.svg
Combativity award
Jersey red number.svg
1 Marcel Kittel Marcel Kittel Marcel Kittel Juan José Lobato Marcel Kittel Vacansoleil-DCM Jérôme Cousin
2 Jan Bakelants Jan Bakelants Pierre Rolland Michał Kwiatkowski RadioShack-Leopard Blel Kadri
3 Simon Gerrans Peter Sagan Simon Clarke
4 Orica-GreenEDGE Simon Gerrans Orica-GreenEDGE no award
5 Mark Cavendish Thomas De Gendt
6 André Greipel Daryl Impey André Greipel
7 Peter Sagan Blel Kadri Jan Bakelants
8 Chris Froome Chris Froome Chris Froome Nairo Quintana Movistar Team Nairo Quintana
9 Daniel Martin Pierre Rolland Romain Bardet
10 Marcel Kittel Jérôme Cousin
11 Tony Martin Michał Kwiatkowski no award
12 Marcel Kittel Juan Antonio Flecha
13 Mark Cavendish Team Saxo-Tinkoff Mark Cavendish
14 Matteo Trentin Julien Simon
15 Chris Froome Chris Froome Nairo Quintana Sylvain Chavanel
16 Rui Costa RadioShack-Leopard Rui Costa
17 Chris Froome Team Saxo-Tinkoff no award
18 Christophe Riblon Christophe Riblon
19 Rui Costa Pierre Rolland
20 Nairo Quintana Nairo Quintana Jens Voigt
21 Marcel Kittel no award
Final Chris Froome Peter Sagan Nairo Quintana Nairo Quintana Team Saxo-Tinkoff Christophe Riblon
Notes
  • In stage 2, Alexander Kristoff, who was second in the points classification, wore the green jersey, because Marcel Kittel (in first place) wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification during that stage.
  • In stage 2, Danny van Poppel, who was second in the young rider classification, wore the white jersey, because Marcel Kittel (in first place) wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification during that stage.
  • In stage 9, Pierre Rolland, who was second in the mountains classification, wore the polka dot jersey, because Chris Froome (in first place) wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification during that stage. Froome and Rolland both had collected 31 points up to this point, but Froome claimed the polka dot jersey, because he had crossed the line as first on first category mountains more often than Rolland.
  • In stage 13, the combativity award was voted to Omega Pharma-Quick Step by the jury to recognize the contributions of the entire team. Mark Cavendish was then selected to represent the team on the podium.
  • In stages 16 to 18, Mikel Nieve, who was third in the mountains classification, wore the polka dot jersey, because Chris Froome (in first place) wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification during those stages, and Nairo Quintana (in second place) wore the white jersey as leader of the young rider classification during the same stages.
  • In stage 19, Christophe Riblon who was third in the mountains classification, wore the polka dot jersey, because Chris Froome (in first place) wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification during those stages, and Nairo Quintana (in second place) wore the white jersey as leader of the young rider classification during the same stages.
  • In stage 20, Pierre Rolland, who was second in the mountains classification, wore the polka dot jersey, because Chris Froome (in first place) wore the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification during that stage.
  • In stage 21, Andrew Talansky, who was second in the young rider classification, wore the white jersey, because Nairo Quintana (in first place) wore the polka dot jersey as leader of the mountains classification.

Classification standings[edit]

Legend
  Yellow jersey   Denotes the leader of the General classification   Polka dot jersey   Denotes the leader of the Mountains classification
  Green jersey   Denotes the leader of the Points classification   White jersey   Denotes the leader of the Young rider classification
  Jersey with a yellow background on the number bib.   Denotes the leader of the Team classification

General classification[edit]

Rider Team Time
1  Chris Froome (GBR) Yellow jersey Team Sky 83h 56' 40"
2  Nairo Quintana (COL) Polka-dotted jerseyWhite jersey Movistar Team + 4' 20"
3  Joaquim Rodríguez (ESP) Team Katusha + 5' 04"
4  Alberto Contador (ESP) Yellow-bibbed Jersey Team Saxo-Tinkoff + 6' 27"
5  Roman Kreuziger (CZE) Yellow-bibbed Jersey Team Saxo-Tinkoff + 7' 27"
6  Bauke Mollema (NED) Belkin Pro Cycling + 11' 42"
7  Jakob Fuglsang (DEN) Astana + 12' 17"
8  Alejandro Valverde (ESP) Movistar Team + 15' 26"
9  Daniel Navarro (ESP) Cofidis + 15' 52"
10  Andrew Talansky (USA) Garmin-Sharp + 17' 39"

Points classification[edit]

Rider Team Points
1  Peter Sagan (SVK) Green jersey Cannondale 409
2  Mark Cavendish (GBR) Omega Pharma-Quick Step 312
3  André Greipel (GER) Lotto-Belisol 267
4  Marcel Kittel (GER) Argos-Shimano 222
5  Alexander Kristoff (NOR) Team Katusha 177
6  Juan Antonio Flecha (ESP) Vacansoleil-DCM 163
7  José Joaquín Rojas (ESP) Movistar Team 156
8  Michał Kwiatkowski (POL) Omega Pharma-Quick Step 110
9  Chris Froome (GBR) Yellow jersey Team Sky 107
10  Christophe Riblon (FRA) Jersey red number.svg Ag2r-La Mondiale 104

Mountains classification[edit]

Rider Team Points
1  Nairo Quintana (COL) Polka-dotted jerseyWhite jersey Movistar Team 147
2  Chris Froome (GBR) Yellow jersey Team Sky 136
3  Pierre Rolland (FRA) Team Europcar 119
4  Joaquim Rodríguez (ESP) Team Katusha 99
5  Christophe Riblon (FRA) Jersey red number.svg Ag2r-La Mondiale 98
6  Mikel Nieve (ESP) Euskaltel-Euskadi 98
7  Moreno Moser (ITA) Cannondale 72
8  Richie Porte (AUS) Team Sky 72
9  Ryder Hesjedal (CAN) Garmin-Sharp 64
10  Tejay van Garderen (USA) BMC Racing Team 63

Young Riders classification[edit]

Rider Team Time
1  Nairo Quintana (COL) Polka-dotted jerseyWhite jersey Movistar Team 84h 01' 00"
2  Andrew Talansky (USA) Garmin-Sharp + 13' 19″
3  Michał Kwiatkowski (POL) Omega Pharma-Quick Step + 14' 39"
4  Romain Bardet (FRA) Ag2r-La Mondiale + 22′ 22″
5  Tom Dumoulin (NED) Argos-Shimano + 1h 30′ 10″
6  Alexandre Geniez (FRA) FDJ.fr + 1h 33' 46″
7  Tejay van Garderen (USA) BMC Racing Team + 1h 34' 37″
8  Alexis Vuillermoz (FRA) Sojasun + 1h 35′ 45″
9  Tony Gallopin (FRA) RadioShack-Leopard + 1h 58' 39″
10  Arthur Vichot (FRA) FDJ.fr + 2h 10' 46″

Team classification[edit]

Chris Froome wearing the yellow jersey
Team Saxo-Tinkoff wearing yellow helmets as Team classification leaders.
Pos. Team Time
1 Team Saxo-Tinkoff Jersey yellow number.svg 251h 11′ 07″
2 Ag2r-La Mondiale + 8' 28″
3 RadioShack-Leopard + 9' 02″
4 Movistar Team + 22' 49″
5 Belkin Pro Cycling + 38' 30″
6 Team Katusha + 1h 03' 48″
7 Euskaltel-Euskadi + 1h 30' 34″
8 Omega Pharma-Quick Step + 1h 50' 25″
9 Team Sky + 1h 56' 42″
10 Cofidis + 2h 07' 11″

Prize money[edit]

In total, around €2 million was distributed after the Tour. Initially, each team received around €50,000 while each team with at least seven riders finishing the Tour received €1600 extra per rider. The individual winner of the General Classification received €450,000, with progressively smaller prizes for each individual finishing position, down to €400 for the last rider.[16][17]

Prize money for each overall classification
Standings 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Per day
Jersey yellow.svg General. Prize Pot €1,009,000 €450,000 €200,000 €100,000 €70,000 €50,000 €23,000 €11,500 €7,600 €4,500 €3,800 €350
Jersey green.svg Points. Prize Pot €125,000 €25,000 €15,000 €10,000 €4,000 €3,500 €3,000 €2,500 €2,000  – €300
Jersey polkadot.svg Mountains. Prize Pot €110,000 €25,000 €15,000 €10,000 €4,000 €3,500 €3,000 €2,500 €2,000  – €300
Jersey white.svg Young. Prize Pot €65,500 €20,000 €15,000 €10,000 €5,000  – €300
Jersey yellow number.svg Team. Prize Pot €178,000 €50,000 €30,000 €20,000 €12,000 €8,000  –
Jersey red number.svg Most Aggressive Prize Pot €54,000 €20,000  –

The stage winner was awarded €8,000 for a normal stage and €10,000 for a time trial. The money gradually decreased, with the 20th finisher receiving €200. Money was also awarded for crossing the categorized climbs, for the best young rider of each stage, the most combative rider, and the best team on the stage.[17]

Prize money for stage wins and intermediate contests[17]
Standings 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
Stage €8,000 €4,000 €2,000 €1,200 €830 €780 €730 €670 €650 €600
Intermediate sprint €1,500 €1,000 €500  –
Hors Category Mtn. €800 €450 €300  –
1st Category Mtn. €650 €400 €150  –
2nd Category Mtn. €500 €250  –
3rd Category Mtn. €300  –
4th Category Mtn. €200  –
Young €500  –
Combative €2,000  –
Team €2,800  –
Summary of total amount of prize money awarded per team[18]
Pos. Team Prize money Major awards
Jerseys/awards Stage wins Top 10 Classifications
(or best outside top 10)
1 Team Sky €525,690 Jersey yellow.svg 3 1st
2 Movistar Team €344,980 Jersey polkadot.svgJersey white.svg Souvenir Henri Desgrange 3 2nd, & 8th
3 Team Saxo-Tinkoff €205,780 Jersey yellow number.svg 0 4th & 5th
4 Team Katusha €134,900 0 3rd
5 Omega Pharma-Quick Step €121,260 4 11th
6 Ag2r-La Mondiale €102,910 Jersey red number.svg 1 15th
7 Cannondale €79,110 Jersey green.svg 1 71st
8 RadioShack-Leopard €63,210 1 14th
9 Argos-Shimano €52,910 4 41st
10 Belkin Pro Cycling €52,260 0 6th
11 Vacansoleil-DCM €48,030 0 28th
12 Garmin-Sharp €45,930 1 10th
13 Orica-GreenEDGE €44,670 2 68th
14 Lotto-Belisol €42,950 1 38th
15 Team Europcar €40,170 0 24th
16 Astana €26,540 0 7th
17 Euskaltel-Euskadi €23,890 0 12th
18 BMC Racing Team €17,710 0 35th
19 Sojasun €15,220 0 46th
20 Cofidis €14,710 0 9th
21 FDJ.fr €12,890 0 29th
22 Lampre-Merida €11,180 0 21st

Doping[edit]

One month after the Tour ended, it was announced that there were no positive doping tests, but that all tests would be stored, so they could be re-analyzed in a few years once new tests have been developed.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Teams selectionof the 100th edition of Tour de France". letour.fr. 27 April 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "Wiggins pulls out of Giro". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved 18 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "Bradley Wiggins: Tour de France champion ruled out". BBC Sport. 31 May 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Fotheringham, William (11 June 2013). "Chris Froome's pursuit of perfection makes him Tour de France favourite". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  5. ^ "Giro d’Italia triumph won’t change Nibali's Tour de France plans". Retrieved 27 May 2013. 
  6. ^ "Chris Froome wins Criterium du Dauphine ahead of Tour de France". BBC Sport. 9 June 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d "The Tour 2013 (post ratification)". www.letour.fr. June 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Three stages in Corsica for No. 100". LeTour.fr. Retrieved 15 December 2011. 
  9. ^ "100th Tour to start in Corsica". letour.fr. 24 November 2011. Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  10. ^ "100th Tour to start in Corsica" (in dutch). sporza.be. 24 November 2011. Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c d Fotheringham, William (24 October 2012). "Centenary Tour de France: this could be the hardest finish ever". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 25 October 2012. 
  12. ^ "A floating headquarters". Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. 26 June 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  13. ^ "Stage 18:Gap to Alpe-d'Huez". Le Tour. 2 June 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2013. 
  14. ^ "Race regulations". Amaury Sport Organisation. pp. 33–35. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  15. ^ a b c d Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified — Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c d "Sporting stakes / Rules". Le Tour. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  17. ^ a b c d "Sporting stakes / Detailed Rules Page 20 Onwards". Le Tour. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  18. ^ Atkins, Ben (22 July 2013). "Team Sky wins as Lampre-Merida loses in Tour de France prize money list". Velonation. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  19. ^ Benson, Daniel (20 August 2013). "No positive doping tests at 2013 Tour de France". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 

External links[edit]