2013 in LGBT rights

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This is a list of notable events in the history of LGBT rights that took place in the year 2013.

Events[edit]

January[edit]

  • 1 - Same-sex marriage becomes legal in the U.S. state of Maryland.[1]

February[edit]

  • 19:
    • In Austria, step-child adoption (of one's partner's biological child) becomes legal after ECtHR rules in favour of a lesbian couple.[3]
    • In Germany, successive adoption becomes legal after the Constitutional Court rules in favor of a lesbian couple. Previously, only the adoption of the biological child of one's partner was allowed.[4]

April[edit]

  • 29 - NBA free agent Jason Collins becomes the first active male professional athlete in North America to acknowledge his homosexuality in an article written for Sports Illustrated.[6]

May[edit]

June[edit]

  • 19 - Exodus International, an organization devoted to the "re-orientation" of homosexual desires, shuts down.
  • 25 - The Russian Parliament approves a ban on "gay propaganda" in two bills. The bill would impose jail terms for those who are deemed to be promoting homosexual "propaganda" to minors and for those who offend religious believers. At the same time, proponents staged a "kissing protests" while opponents attacked them.[11]
  • 26 - The Supreme Court of the United States ruled Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act unconstitutional in United States v. Windsor, requiring federal recognition of same-sex marriages performed in states. The also court dismisses an appeal in Hollingsworth v. Perry, effectively invalidating Proposition 8 and restoring same-sex marriage in California.
  • 28 - The granting of same-sex marriages resume in California.[12]
  • 30 - In Russia, President Vladimir Putin signs into law a bill banning "propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations to minors" after it was unanimously passed by the State Duma.[13]

July[edit]

  • 1 - Same-sex marriage becomes legal in the U.S. state of Delaware.[14]

August[edit]

  • 5 - Same-sex marriage becomes legal in Uruguay[17] after it was passed on May 10 by the Chamber of Deputies of Uruguay with 71 affirmative votes out of 92 in its second reading,[18] making Uruguay the second country in Latin America, after Argentina, and twelfth overall, to legalize same-sex marriage. The law was previously passed by the Senate on April 2 by a 23–8 vote.[19]

September[edit]

  • 4 - In the U.S. state of New Mexico, Los Alamos County begins issuing same-sex marriage licenses following an order by a state district court judge in Newton v. Stover. [26]
  • 9 - In the U.S. state of New Mexico, Grant County begins issuing same-sex marriage licenses following an order by a state district court judge in Katz v. Zamarripa. [27]

December[edit]

  • - A trans woman was able to apply for the Tamil Nadu civil services exam after a court order allowed her to under a self-described gender choice category. Tamil Nadu is the first province of India to offer the option of gender choice instead of the ubiquitous "third gender".[28]
  • 4 - Xavier Bettel is appointed prime minister of Luxembourg, making him the third head of government in the world to be LGBT, after Iceland's Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir and Belgium's Elio Di Rupo, respectively. His deputy, Etienne Schneider, is also LGBT.[29]
  • 11 - The Supreme Court of India overrules the Delhi Court in re-establishing the primacy of section 377 of the Indian penal code that makes homosexual activity illegal.[30]
  • 12 - The Supreme Court of Australia overrules the Australian Capital Territory's law allowing same-sex marriage in contravention of the Marriage Act saying the federal parliament alone could set such laws. The ruling annuls weddings that have taken place already.[31]
  • 17 - The Parliament of Uganda approves the Uganda Anti-Homosexuality Bill, which originally proposed the death penalty for homosexuality but now contains life in prison for "aggravated homosexuality."[32] The bill must be signed by the President of Uganda before becoming law.
  • 19 - The New Mexico Supreme Court ruled unanimously that the state must issue marriage licenses to couples without respect to gender. [33]
  • 20 - In Kitchen v. Herbert, U.S. District Judge Robert Shelby ruled that the Utah's ban on gay marriage violates the due process and equal protection under the 14th Amendment for gay and lesbian couples. [34]
  • 23 - In Obergefell v. Wymyslo, Federal Court Judge Timothy Black ruled that Ohio’s ban on gay marriage is unconstitutional. However, his ruling only applies to death certificates. [35]

Deaths[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maryland Rings in New Year With Marriage Equality
  2. ^ "Gay marriage: MPs back bill despite Conservative backbench opposition". BBC News. 5 February 2013. Retrieved 5 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Austria: Reform needed after European Court adoption victory for lesbian couple". amnesty.org. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "German Court Strengthens Gay and Lesbian Adoption Rights". spiegel.de. 19 February 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  5. ^ Advocate:France approves marriage equality bill
  6. ^ "NBA player announces he is gay". Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  7. ^ Civil unions signed into law in Colorado
  8. ^ "Brazil judicial panel clears way for gay marriage". france24.com. 14 May 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  9. ^ "Nigerian parliament bans same-sex marriage". bbc.co.uk. 30 May 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  10. ^ Raushenbush, Paul (31 May 2013). "Rev. Guy Erwin: First Openly Gay Lutheran Bishop Elected To ELCA Southwest California Synod". huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "Russia legislators pass 'gay propaganda' ban". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  12. ^ Dolan, Maura; York, Anthony; LaGanga, Maria (28 June 2013). "To cheers, same-sex marriages resume in California". articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  13. ^ http://www.humanrightsfirst.org/2013/08/02/u-s-should-press-russia-on-anti-homosexuality-law/
  14. ^ Byrne, Tom (7 May 2013). "Delaware becomes 11th state to approve same-sex marriage". WDDE. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 
  15. ^ Klepper, David (2 May 2013). "RI Now 10th State to Allow Gay Marriage". ABC News. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  16. ^ "Marriage equality in Minnesota: A gay-rights victory in the Midwest". Retrieved 17 May 2013. 
  17. ^ http://eldiario.com.uy/2013/07/29/las-parejas-homosexuales-podran-casarse-a-partir-del-5-de-agosto/
  18. ^ http://www.elpais.com.uy/informacion/votacion-de-matrimonio-igualitario-empezo-con-polemica-por-bandera.html
  19. ^ http://www.elpais.com.uy/130402/ultmo-706596/ultimomomento/senado-aprobo-ley-de-matrimonio-igualitario-23-a-favor-8-en-contra/
  20. ^ NZ legalises same-sex marriage
  21. ^ MPs vote to legalise same sex marriage
  22. ^ Soular, Diana Alba (21 August 2013). "Same-sex couples apply for marriage licenses in Doña Ana County". Las Cruces Sun-News. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  23. ^ Pearce, Matt (23 August 2013). "Second New Mexico county now issuing same-sex marriage licenses". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  24. ^ Clausing, Jeri (26 August 2013). "New Mexico Judge Declares Same-Sex Marriage Legal". Huffington Post. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  25. ^ "3 more NM counties to issue gay marriage licenses". KOAT. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  26. ^ "Judge rules in favor of Los Alamos same-sex couplecense.html". Albuquerque Journal. 4 September 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  27. ^ Gordon, Jefferey. "Grant County to start issuing same-sex marriage licenses". KOB. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  28. ^ Shanker, V Prem (11 December 2013). "Indian transgender passes test before exam - Features - Al Jazeera English". AlJazeera. Retrieved 11 December 2013. "A few days ago Swapna was allowed to sit for the provincial Tamil Nadu civil services exam – thanks to a court order which allowed her to choose a sex of her choice when applying for the exam, an unprecedented victory for transgenders who have routinely been subject to endless discrimination." 
  29. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/news/europe/2013/12/luxembourg-gets-first-openly-gay-pm-2013124165441367915.html
  30. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2013/12/indian-top-court-says-gay-sex-an-offense-2013121152555111516.html
  31. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/news/asia-pacific/2013/12/australian-court-strikes-down-gay-marriage-201312122383966415.html
  32. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2013/12/uganda-mps-approve-life-sentences-gays-20131220105254779153.html
  33. ^ "Gay marriage ruled legal by New Mexico's high court". USA Today. 19 December 2013. 
  34. ^ Johnson, Luke (20 December 2013). "Gay Marriage Ban Struck Down In Utah". Huffington Post. 
  35. ^ http://www.utsandiego.com/news/2013/dec/23/ap-narrow-ruling-rejects-ohio-gay-marriage-ban/
  36. ^ Garcia, Michelle. "PFLAG Founder Jeanne Manford Dies at 92". advocate.com. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 

External links[edit]