2013 in mammal paleontology

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This article records new taxa of fossil mammals of every kind that have been described during the year 2013, as well as other significant discoveries and events related to paleontology of mammals that occurred in the year 2013.

Newly named non-eutherian mammals[edit]

Monotremes[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Obdurodon tharalkooschild[1]

Sp. nov

Valid

Pian, Archer & Hand

Neogene; estimates range from middle Miocene to Pliocene

Riversleigh

 Australia

A relative of the platypus, a species of Obdurodon.

Metatherians[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Armintodelphys dufraingi[2]

Sp. nov

Valid

Smith & Smith

Early Eocene

Tielt Formation

 Belgium

A peradectid opossum, a species of Armintodelphys.

Bulungu[3]

Gen. et 3 sp. nov

Valid[4]

Gurovich et al.

Late Oligocene to Middle Miocene

Etadunna Formation
Riversleigh
Wipajiri Formation

 Australia

A bandicoot. The type species is Bulungu palara Gurovich et al. (2013); genus also contains additional new species Bulungu muirheadae Travouillon et al. (2013) and Bulungu campbelli Travouillon et al. (2013).[5]

Eomicrobiotherium mykerum[6]

Sp. nov

Valid

Goin & Abello

Miocene (Colhuehuapian)

South America

A microbiotheriid marsupial, a species of Eomicrobiotherium.

Fieratherium[7]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid[8]

Forasiepi et al.

Late Oligocene

Agua de la Piedra Formation

 Argentina

A relative of shrew opossums. The type species is Fieratherium sorex.

Galadi adversus[9]

Sp. nov

Valid

Travouillon et al.

Miocene

Riversleigh

 Australia

A bandicoot, a species of Galadi.

Galadi amplus[9]

Sp. nov

Valid

Travouillon et al.

Miocene

Riversleigh

 Australia

A bandicoot, a species of Galadi.

Galadi grandis[9]

Sp. nov

Valid

Travouillon et al.

Miocene

Riversleigh

 Australia

A bandicoot, a species of Galadi.

Litokoala dicksmithi[10]

Sp. nov

Valid[11]

Black, Louys & Price

Miocene

Riversleigh

 Australia

A relative of koala, a species of Litokoala.

Neohelos davidridei[12]

Species

Valid

Black, Archer, Hand, & Godthelp

Middle Miocene

Riversleigh World Heritage Area fossil deposit

 Australia

A diprotodontid, a species of Neohelos.

Neohelos solus[12]

Species

Valid

Black, Archer, Hand, & Godthelp

Middle Miocene

Riversleigh World Heritage Area fossil deposit

 Australia

A diprotodontid, a species of Neohelos.

Proargyrolagus argentinus[6]

Sp. nov

Valid

Goin & Abello

Miocene (Colhuehuapian)

South America

An argyrolagid metatherian, a species of Proargyrolagus.

Others[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alopocosmodon[13]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Scott, Spivak & Sweet

Early Paleocene (middle Torrejonian)

Porcupine Hills Formation

 Canada

A multituberculate, possibly a member of Microcosmodontidae. The type species is Alopocosmodon hadrus.

Arboroharamiya[14]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Zheng et al.

Middle-Late Jurassic boundary

Tiaojishan Formation

 China

A member of the (possibly paraphyletic) group Haramiyida. The type species is Arboroharamiya jenkinsi.

Argillomys[15]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Cifelli, Gordon & Lipka

Early Cretaceous (Aptian)

Patuxent Formation

 United States

A multituberculate. The type species is Argillomys marylandensis.

Cimolodon peregrinus[16]

Sp. nov

Valid

Donohue, Wilson & Breithaupt

Latest Cretaceous (Lancian)

Lance Formation

 United States

A multituberculate, a species of Cimolodon.

Dakotamys shakespeari[17]

Sp. nov

Valid

Eaton

Late Cretaceous (Santonian)

Straight Cliffs Formation

 United States

A multituberculate, a species of Dakotamys.

Indobaatar[18]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Parmar, Prasad & Kumar

Early or Middle Jurassic

Kota Formation

 India

An eobaatarid multituberculate. The type species is Indobaatar zofiae.

Megaconus[19]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Zhou et al.

Middle Jurassic (at least 164 Ma)

Tiaojishan Formation

 China

An eleutherodontid haramiyidan. The type species is Megaconus mammaliaformis.

Rugosodon[20]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Yuan et al.

Late Jurassic (Oxfordian)

Tiaojishan Formation

 China

A paulchoffatiid multituberculate. The type species is Rugosodon eurasiaticus.

Newly named eutherians[edit]

Xenarthrans[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Megistonyx[21]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

McDonald, Rincón & Gaudin

Late Pleistocene (Lujanian)

 Venezuela

A megalonychid sloth. The type species is Megistonyx oreobios.

Neosclerocalyptus castellanosi[22]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zurita et al.

Late Pliocene

 Argentina

A glyptodontid, a species of Neosclerocalyptus.

Prepoplanops[23]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Carlini, Brandoni & Dal Molin

Miocene

Cerro Boleadoras Formation

 Argentina

A ground sloth. The type species is Prepoplanops boleadorensis.

Scirrotherium carinatum[24]

Sp. nov

Valid

Góis et al.

Late Miocene (Huayquerian)

Ituzaingó Formation
Puerto Madryn Formation
Solimões Formation

 Argentina
 Brazil

A pampatheriid xenarthran, a species of Scirrotherium.

Odd-toed ungulates[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aceratherium porpani[25]

Sp. nov

Valid

Deng, Hanta & Jintasakul

Late Miocene

 Thailand

A rhinoceros, a species of Aceratherium.

Brachypotherium minor[26]

Sp. nov

Valid

Geraads & Miller

Early Miocene (c. 17 Ma)

Bakate Formation

 Kenya

A rhinoceros, a species of Brachypotherium.

Chalicotherium hebeiense[27]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen & Liu

Middle Miocene

Jiulongkou Formation

 China

A chalicothere, a species of Chalicotherium.

Eurygnathohippus woldegabrieli[28]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bernor et al.

Pliocene

 Ethiopia

A member of Hipparionini, a species of Eurygnathohippus.

Guangnanodon[29]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wang et al.

Paleogene (probably latest Eocene)

Yanshan Formation

 China

An odd-toed ungulate related to Eggysodon. The type species is Guangnanodon youngi

Hipparion (Hipparion) lufengense[30]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sun

Late Miocene

 China

An equid, a species of Hipparion.

Molassitherium[31]

Gen. et comb. et sp. nov

Valid[32]

Becker & Antoine in Becker, Antoine & Maridet

Early to early Late Oligocene

 France
 Germany
 Hungary
  Switzerland
 Turkey

A rhinoceros. Genus contains "Acerotherium albigense Roman (1912) and a new species Molassitherium delemontense.

Pachynolophus eulaliensis[33]

Sp. nov

Valid

Danilo et al.

Eocene, probably middle Ypresian

 France

A palaeotheriid equoid odd-toed ungulate, a species of Pachynolophus.

Sivalhippus anwari[34]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wolf, Bernor & Hussain

Late Miocene

Sivalik Hills

 Pakistan

An equid related to Hipparion, a species of Sivalhippus.

Even-toed ungulates[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Arretotherium meridionale[35]

Sp. nov

Valid

Rincon et al.

Early Miocene

 Panama

A bothriodontine anthracothere, a species of Arretotherium.

Damalacra harrisi[36]

Sp. nov

Valid

Geraads, Bobe & Manthi

Pliocene

 Kenya

An alcelaphine bovid, a species of Damalacra.

Eucladoceros dicranios tanaitensis[37]

Subsp. nov.

Valid

Baygusheva & Titov

Early Pleistocene

 Russia

A deer, a subspecies of Eucladoceros dicranios.

Kolpochoerus millensis[38]

Sp. nov

Valid

Haile-Selassie & Simpson

Pliocene

Woranso-Mille and Gona sites

 Ethiopia

A suid, a species of Kolpochoerus.

Myanmarius[39]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Tsubamoto et al.

Middle Eocene

Pondaung Formation

 Myanmar

A member of Cetartiodactyla of uncertain phylogenetic placement, possibly a raoellid or a member of Suoidea. The type species is Myanmarius chitseini.

Skinnerhyus shermerorum[40]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Prothero & Pollen

Miocene

Ash Hollow Formation

 United States

A peccary, the type species is S. shermerorum.

Woodburnehyus grenaderae[40]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Prothero & Pollen

Miocene

Green Valley Formation

 United States

A peccary, the type species is W. grenaderae.

Cetaceans[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Balaenoptera bertae[41]

Sp. nov

Valid

Boessenecker

Pliocene

Purisima Formation

 United States

A rorqual, a species of Balaenoptera.

Basilotritus[42]

Gen. et sp. et comb. nov

Valid

Gol'din & Zvonok

Middle Eocene

Kiev Formation

 Ukraine
 United States

A basilosaurid cetacean. Genus contains "Eocetus" wardii Uhen (1999) and a new species Basilotritus uheni.

Brachydelphis jahuayensis[43]

Sp. nov

Valid

Lambert & De Muizon

Late Miocene (Tortonian)

Pisco Formation

 Peru

A relative of the La Plata dolphin, a species of Brachydelphis.

Choneziphius leidyi[44]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bianucci et al.

Neogene (probably Late Early to Middle Miocene)

Atlantic Ocean floor off the Galician coast of Spain and the coast of Portugal

A beaked whale, a species of Choneziphius.

Globicetus[44]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Bianucci et al.

Neogene (probably Late Early to Middle Miocene)

Atlantic Ocean floor off the Galician coast of Spain

A beaked whale. The type species is Globicetus hiberus.

Imocetus[44]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Bianucci et al.

Neogene (probably Late Early to Middle Miocene)

Atlantic Ocean floor off the coast of Portugal

A beaked whale. The type species is Imocetus piscatus.

Notoziphius[45]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Buono & Cozzuol

Late Miocene

 Argentina

A beaked whale. The type species is Notoziphius bruneti.

Parietobalaena campiniana[46]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bisconti, Lambert & Bosselaers

Miocene

 Belgium
 Netherlands

A relative of cetotheriids, a species of Parietobalaena.

Septidelphis[47]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Bianucci

Pliocene

 Italy

A member of Delphinidae. The type species is Septidelphis morii.

Tusciziphius atlanticus[44]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bianucci et al.

Neogene (probably Late Early to Middle Miocene)

Atlantic Ocean floor off the Galician coast of Spain and the coast of Portugal
 United States

A beaked whale, a species of Tusciziphius.

Carnivorans[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Buisnictis metabatos[48]

Sp. nov

Valid[49]

Wang, Carranza-Castañeda & Aranda-Gómez

Early Pliocene

San José del Cabo Basin

 Mexico

A skunk, a species of Buisnictis.

Chasmaporthetes gangsriensis[50]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tseng, Li and Wang

Pliocene

Zanda Basin

 China

A hyena, a species of Chasmaporthetes.

Cyonarctos[51]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

De Bonis

Late Oligocene

 France

A hemicyonine. The type species is Cyonarctos dessei.

Ferinestrix rapax[52]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Wolsan & Sotnikova

Pliocene

 Russia

A stem meline badger, a species of Ferinestrix.

Filholictis[51]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

De Bonis

Paleogene

 France

A hemicyonine; a new genus for "Canis" filholi Munier-Chalmas in Filhol (1877).

Hadrokirus[53]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid[54]

Amson & de Muizon

Late Miocene or Early Pliocene

Pisco Formation

 Peru

An earless seal. The type species is Hadrokirus martini.

Pachyphoca[55]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Koretsky & Rahmat

Middle Miocene

 Ukraine

An earless seal related to the hooded seal. Genus contains two species: Pachyphoca ukrainica and Pachyphoca chapskii.

Pekania occulta[56]

Sp. nov

Valid

Samuels & Cavin

Early Hemphillian

Rattlesnake Formation

 United States

A relative of fishers, a species of Pekania.

Rhizosmilodon[57]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wallace & Hulbert

Early Pliocene

Bone Valley Formation

 United States

A machairodontine felid. The type species is Rhizosmilodon fiteae.

Teruelictis[58]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Salesa et al.

Late Miocene

 Spain

An otter-like mustelid. The type species is Teruelictis riparius.

Vulpes skinneri[59]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hartstone-Rose et al.

Early Pleistocene

 South Africa

A fox, a species of Vulpes.

Lagomorphs[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Amphilagus magnus[60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Erbajeva

Early Miocene

 Mongolia

A lagomorph, a species of Amphilagus.

Amphilagus orientalis[60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Erbajeva

Early Miocene

 Mongolia

A lagomorph, a species of Amphilagus.

Amphilagus plicadentis[60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Erbajeva

Early Miocene

 Mongolia

A lagomorph, a species of Amphilagus.

Ephemerolagus[61]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Vianey-Liaud & Lebrun

Early Oligocene

 France

A lagomorph. The type species is Ephemerolagus nievae.

Limitolagus[62]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid

Fostowicz-Frelik

Eocene (late Chadronian)

 United States

A palaeolagid lagomorph. The type species is Limitolagus roosevelti.

Rodents[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Argorheomys[63]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Korth & Emry

Late middle Eocene (Duchesnean)

 United States

A rodent related to Pipestoneomys. The type species is Argorheomys septendrionalis.

Bransatoglis bosniensis[64]

Sp. nov

Valid

de Bruijn, Marković & Wessels

Late Oligocene

 Bosnia and Herzegovina

A dormouse, a species of Bransatoglis.

Ceratogaulus robustus[65]

Sp. nov

Valid

Korth

Middle Miocene

Tesuque Formation

 United States

A mylagaulid rodent.

Chardina gansuensis[66]

Sp. nov

Valid

Liu et al.

Early Pliocene

 China

A zokor, a species of Chardina.

Deperetomys magnus[64]

Sp. nov

Valid

de Bruijn, Marković & Wessels

Late Oligocene

 Bosnia and Herzegovina

A murid rodent, a species of Deperetomys.

Eumyarion margueritae[64]

Sp. nov

Valid

de Bruijn, Marković & Wessels

Late Oligocene

 Bosnia and Herzegovina

An eumyarionine murid rodent, a species of Eumyarion.

Garridomys[67]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Kramarz, Vucetich & Arnal

Early Miocene

Cerro Bandera Formation

 Argentina

A rodent closely related to chinchillids. The type species is Garridomys curunuquem.

Megacricetodon vandermeuleni[68]

Sp. nov

Valid

Oliver & Peláez-Campomanes

Miocene (middle Aragonian)

 Spain

A cricetid rodent, a species of Megacricetodon.

Mesosiphneus primitivus[66]

Sp. nov

Valid

Liu et al.

Early Pliocene

 China

A zokor, a species of Mesosiphneus.

Mimomys glendae[69]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Mayhew

Early Pleistocene

Norwich Crag Formation

 United Kingdom

An arvicoline rodent, a species of Mimomys.

Ninamys[70]

Gen. et comb. et sp. nov

Valid

Vianey-Liaud, Rodrigues & Marivaux

Oligocene to early Miocene

 China
 Kazakhstan
 Mongolia

An aplodontiid rodent, a new genus for "Prosciurus" arboraptus Shevyreva 1971; genus also contains "Prosciurus" daxnerae Lopatin 2000 and a new species Ninamys kazimierzi.

Notogaulus[65]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Korth

Middle Miocene

Tesuque Formation

 United States

A mylagaulid rodent. Genus contains two species: Notogaulus minor and N. major.

Paracricetops[71]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Maridet & Ni

Early Oligocene

 China

A cricetid rodent. The type species is Paracricetops virgatoincisus.

Paradjidaumo nanus[72]

Sp. nov

Valid

Emry & Korth

Eocene (middle Chadronian)

White River Formation

 United States

An eomyid rodent, a species of Paradjidaumo.

Paransomys[70]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Vianey-Liaud, Rodrigues & Marivaux

Late Oligocene to early Miocene

Western Europe

An aplodontiid rodent, a new genus for "Sciurodon" descendens Dehm 1950, "Plesispermophilus" argoviensis Stehlin & Schaub 1951, and "Allomys" storeri Tedrow & Korth, 1997.

Proansomys[73]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Bi et al.

Late Oligocene

Suosuoquan Formation
Tieersihabahe Formation

 China

An ansomyine aplodontid rodent. The type species is Proansomys dureensis.

Protohummus[74]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Kraatz et al.

Late Miocene

Baynunah Formation

 United Arab Emirates

A relative of cane rats. The type species is Protohummus dango.

Sciamys petisensis[75]

Sp. nov

Valid

Arnal & Pérez

Middle Miocene

 Argentina

A acaremyid rodent, a species of Sciamys.

Simpligaulus[76]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wu et al.

Early Middle Miocene

Halamagai Formation

 China

A promylagauline mylagaulid rodent. The type species is Simpligaulus yangi.

Tamias anatoliensis[77]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bosma, De Bruijn & Wessels

Late Miocene

 Turkey

A chipmunk.

Vetusspalax[64]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

de Bruijn, Marković & Wessels

Late Oligocene

 Bosnia and Herzegovina

A relative of mole rats assigned to the genus Spalax. The type species is Vetusspalax progressus.

Primates and plesiadapiforms[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Archicebus[78]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Ni et al.

Early Eocene

 China

A haplorhine primate. The type species is Archicebus achilles.

Cartelles[79]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Halenar & Rosenberger

Pleistocene

Toca da Boa Vista cave

 Brazil

A New World monkey, a relative of howler monkeys. The type species is Cartelles coimbrafilhoi.

Foxomomys[80]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Chester & Bloch

Paleocene

 Canada
 United States

A micromomyid plesiadapiform, a new genus for "Micromomys" fremdi Fox (1984), "Micromomys" vossae Krause (1978) and "Micromomys" gunnelli Secord (2008).

Hesperotarsius[81]

Gen. et sp. et comb. nov

Valid

Zijlstra, Flynn & Wessels

Miocene

 Pakistan
 Thailand

A tarsier. Genus contains "Tarsius" thailandicus Ginsburg & Mein (1987) and a new species Hesperotarsius sindhensis.

Krabia[82]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Chaimanee et al.

Late Eocene

 Thailand

An amphipithecid primate. The type species is Krabia minuta.

Nievesia[83]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Marigó, Minwer-Barakat & Moyà-Solà

Early Late Eocene

 Spain

A notharctid adapiform. The type species is Nievesia sossisensis.

Nsungwepithecus[84]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Stevens et al.

Oligocene (25.2 Myr)

Nsungwe Formation

 Tanzania

An early Old World monkey. The type species is Nsungwepithecus gunnelli.

Rukwapithecus[84]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Stevens et al.

Oligocene (25.2 Myr)

Nsungwe Formation

 Tanzania

An early ape. The type species is Rukwapithecus fleaglei.

Zanycteris honeyi[85]

Sp. nov

Valid

Burger

Late Paleocene

Fort Union Formation

 United States

A picrodontid plesiadapiform, a species of Zanycteris.

Others[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anthraconyx[86]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Rose et al.

Early Eocene

Cambay Shale Formation

 India

A member of Tillodontia. The type species is Anthraconyx hypsomylus.

Aphronorus bearspawensis[13]

Sp. nov

Valid

Scott, Spivak & Sweet

Early Paleocene (middle Torrejonian)

Porcupine Hills Formation

 Canada

A pentacodontid cimolestan, a species of Aphronorus.

Apulogalerix[87]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Masini & Fanfani

Late Miocene

 Italy

A gymnure. The type species is Apulogalerix pusillus.

Archaeoparadoxia[88]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Barnes

Late Oligocene

Skooner Gulch Formation

 United States

A paleoparadoxiid desmostylian; a new genus for "Paleoparadoxia" weltoni Clark (1991).

Archaeoryctes wangi[89]

Sp. nov

Valid

Missiaen et al.

Middle Paleocene

 China

A member of Didymoconidae, a species of Archaeoryctes.

Batodonoides rileyi[90]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kelly

Eocene (late Uintan)

Sespe Formation

 United States

A member of Geolabididae, a species of Batodonoides.

Ceruttia[91]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Tomiya

Eocene (Uintan)

Mission Valley Formation
Santiago Formation

 United States

A member of Carnivoramorpha and Carnivoraformes. The type species is Ceruttia sandiegoensis.

Deinogalerix masinii[92]

Sp. nov

Valid

Villier et al.

Miocene

 Italy

A gymnure, a species of Deinogalerix.

Eudaemonema bohachae[13]

Sp. nov

Valid

Scott, Spivak & Sweet

Early Paleocene (middle Torrejonian)

Porcupine Hills Formation

 Canada

A mixodectid, a species of Eudaemonema.

Fordonia lawsoni[93]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hooker

Earliest Eocene

 United Kingdom

A pseudorhyncocyonid, a species of Fordonia.

Galecyon gallus[94]

Sp. nov

Valid

Solé, Gheerbrant & Godinot

Early Eocene

 France

A sinopanine hyaenodontid, a species of Galecyon.

Hegetotheriopsis[95]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Kramarz & Paz

Miocene (Colhuehuapian)

Sarmiento Formation

 Argentina

A hegetotheriid notoungulate. The type species is Hegetotheriopsis sulcatus.

Leptictidium listeri[93]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hooker

Middle Eocene

 Germany

A pseudorhyncocyonid, a species of Leptictidium.

Leptictidium prouti[93]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hooker

Earliest Eocene

 United Kingdom

A pseudorhyncocyonid, a species of Leptictidium.

Leptictidium storchi[93]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hooker

Late Eocene

 France

A pseudorhyncocyonid, a species of Leptictidium.

Mistralestes[96]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Tabuce et al.

Late Cretaceous (late Campanian)

 France

A possible zhelestid. The type species is Mistralestes arcensis.

Neoparadoxia[88]

Gen. et sp. et comb. nov

Valid

Barnes

Middle to early late Miocene

 United States

A paleoparadoxiid desmostylian. The type species is Neoparadoxia cecilialina; genus also contains "Paleoparadoxia" repenningi Domning & Barnes (2007).

Phakodon[93]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Hooker

Paleocene

 France

A pseudorhyncocyonid, a new genus for "Bessoecetor" levei Russell, Louis & Poirier (1966).

Piauhytherium[97]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Guérin & Faure

Late Pleistocene

 Brazil

A toxodontid. The type species is Piauhytherium capivarae.

Promioclaenus thnetus[13]

Sp. nov

Valid

Scott, Spivak & Sweet

Early Paleocene (middle Torrejonian)

Porcupine Hills Formation

 Canada

A hyopsodontid, a species of Promioclaenus.

Sasayamamylos[98]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Kusuhashi et al.

Early Cretaceous (early Albian)

 Japan

An eutherian related to Ukhaatherium, Asioryctes and Kennalestes. The type species is Sasayamamylos kawaii.

Sorex bifidus[99]

Sp. nov

Valid

Rzebik-Kowalska

?Late Pliocene/Early Pleistocene boundary and middle Early Pleistocene

 Poland

A red-toothed shrew, a species of Sorex.

Vassacyon taxidiotis[100]

Sp. nov

Valid

Solé, Gheerbrant & Godinot

Early Eocene

 France

A "miacid" carnivoramorph, a species of Vassacyon.

Walshius[91]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Tomiya

Eocene (Uintan)

Friars Formation

 United States

A member of Carnivoramorpha and Carnivoraformes. The type species is Walshius pacificus.

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