2013 in paleontology

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   In science: 2010 2011 2012 -2013- 2014 2015 2016     
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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 2013.

Plants[edit]

Angiosperms[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Atli[2]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid

Smith et al.

Late Cretaceous (Campanian)

 Canada

A ranunculalean known from a stem with lianoid anatomy. The type species is Atli morinii.

Iterophyllum[3]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid

Barral et al.

Early Cretaceous (late Barremian)

 Spain

A basal eudicot. The type species is Iterophyllum lobatum.

Jaguariba wiersemana[4]

Gen. nov. et sp. nov.

Valid

Coiffard, Mohr & Bernardes-de-Oliveira

Early Cretaceous

Crato Formation

 Brazil

Fossil Nymphaeales.

Poeciloneuron preindicum[5]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Srivastava & Mehrotra

Late Oligocene

 India

A species of Poeciloneuron.

Potomacapnos[6]

Gen. et sp. nov.

Valid

Jud & Hickey

Early Cretaceous (Aptian)

Potomac Group

 United States

A close relative of ranunculalean eudicots. The type species is Potomacapnos apeleutheron.

Spixiarum kipea[7]

Gen. nov. et sp. nov.

Valid

Coiffard, Mohr & Bernardes-de-Oliveira

Early Cretaceous

Crato Formation

 Brazil

Fossil Aroid.

Virola dominicana[8]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Poinar & Steeves

Cenozoic (Eocene or Miocene)

 Dominican Republic

A member of Myristicaceae found in Dominican amber, a species of Virola.

Other seed plants[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Donponoxylon[9]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov.

Valid

Tidwell, Britt & Wright

Middle to Late Jurassic

 Australia
 New Zealand

A seed plant of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Donponoxylon bennettii; genus also contains Donponoxylon jacksonii.

Friedsellowia gracilifolia[10]

Gen. nov. et sp. nov.

Valid

Löwe et al.

Early Cretaceous

Crato Formation

 Brazil

A gnetophyte. The type species of a new genus.

Stephanospermum shuichengensis[11]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Spencer et al.

Permian (Lopingian)

Wangjiazhai Formation

 China

A member of Medullosales, a species of Stephanospermum.

Arthropods[edit]

Bryozoans[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Adlatipora[12]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Gautier, Jackson & McKinney

Permian

 United States

An acanthocladiid bryozoan. The type species is Adlatipora fossulata.

Basyaylella[13]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Zágoršek & Gordon

Late Tortonian

Mut Basin

 Turkey

An ascophoran bryozoan. Its type species is Basyaylella elsae.

Charixa goshouraensis[14]

Sp. nov

Valid[15]

Dick et al.

Cretaceous (late Albian or early Cenomanian)

 Japan

A malacostegan, a species of Charixa.

Conopeum wilsoni[16]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Late Cretaceous (Late Campanian or Maastrichtian)

Simsima Formation

United Arab EmiratesOman border region

A species of Conopeum.

Haplostoechios[14]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid[15]

Dick et al.

Cretaceous (late Albian or early Cenomanian)

 Japan

A malacostegan. Genus contains two species: H. hayamiae and H. clusum.

Heloclema uralicum[17]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova

Early Carboniferous

 Russia

A species of Heloclema.

Monoceratopora whybrowi[16]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Late Cretaceous (Late Campanian or Maastrichtian)

Simsima Formation

United Arab EmiratesOman border region

A species of Monoceratopora.

Ostrovskia[13]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Zágoršek & Gordon

Late Tortonian

Mut Basin

 Turkey

An ascophoran bryozoan. Its type species is Ostrovskia triforamina.

Primorella kodinkensis[17]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tolokonnikova

Early Carboniferous

 Russia

A species of Primorella.

Tyloporella smithi[16]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Late Cretaceous (Late Campanian or Maastrichtian)

Simsima Formation

United Arab EmiratesOman border region

A species of Tyloporella.

Wilbertopora cheethami[16]

Sp. nov

Valid

Di Martino & Taylor

Late Cretaceous (Late Campanian or Maastrichtian)

Simsima Formation

United Arab EmiratesOman border region

A species of Wilbertopora.

Brachiopods[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Arenorthis paranaensis[18]

Sp. nov

Valid

Benedetto, Halpern & Inchausti

Late Ordovician (Hirnantian)

Eusebio Ayala Formation

 Paraguay

A species of Arenorthis.

Askepasma saproconcha[19]

sp nov

Valid

Topper et al..

Lower Cambrian

Wirrapowie Limestone

 Australia

A member of Paterinata, a species of Askepasma.

Biseptata[20]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Madison

Ordovician

 Russia

A member of Strophomenida. The type species is Biseptata briani.

Menathyris[21]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Feldman

Middle Triassic (early Ladinian)

Saharonim Formation

 Israel

A zeilleriid terebratulid. The type species is Menathyris wilsoni.

Neochonetes (Huangichonetes) archboldi[22]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhang et al.

Late Permian (Changhsingian)

 China

A member of Rugosochonetidae, a species of Neochonetes.

Neochonetes semicircularis[22]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhang et al.

Late Permian (Changhsingian)

 China

A member of Rugosochonetidae, a species of Neochonetes.

Neochonetes (Sommeriella) rectangularis[22]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhang et al.

Late Permian (Changhsingian)

 China

A member of Rugosochonetidae, a species of Neochonetes.

Neochonetes (Sommeriella) waterhousei[22]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhang et al.

Late Permian (Changhsingian)

 China

A member of Rugosochonetidae, a species of Neochonetes.

Plectothyrella? itacurubiensis[18]

Sp. nov

Valid

Benedetto, Halpern & Inchausti

Late Ordovician (Hirnantian)

Eusebio Ayala Formation

 Paraguay

Possibly a species of Plectothyrella.

Proclinorthis[23]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Colmenar, Villas & Vizcaïno

Late Ordovician

Glauzy Formation

 France

A platyorthid. The type species is Proclinorthis vailhanensis.

Pseudocrania insperata[24]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bassett et al.

Middle Ordovician (Darriwilian)

Lashkarak Formation

 Iran

A member of Craniida, a species of Pseudocrania.

Tethyochonetes cheni[22]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhang et al.

Late Permian (Changhsingian)

 China

A member of Rugosochonetidae, a species of Tethyochonetes.

Tethyochonetes sheni[22]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zhang et al.

Late Permian (Changhsingian)

 China

A member of Rugosochonetidae, a species of Tethyochonetes.

Molluscs[edit]

Echinoderms[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Abertella miskellyi[25]

Sp. nov

Valid

Kroh et al.

Miocene

Camarones Formation

 Argentina

An abertellid sand dollar, a species of Abertella.

Alternacantha[26]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Thuy & Meyer

Middle Jurassic

  Switzerland

An ophiacanthid brittle star. The type species is Alternacantha occulta.

Aragocystites[27]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Zamora

Middle Cambrian

Murero Formation

 Spain

An edrioasteroid. The type species is Aragocystites belli.

Bathyovulaster[28]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Smith

Santonian

 Italy

A spatangoid. The type species is Bathyovulaster disjunctus.

Bellastrella[29]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Müller, Hahn and Bohatý

Middle Devonian

 Germany

An agelacrinitid edrioasteroid. The type species is Bellastrella eifeliana.

Ctenocrinus branisai[30]

Sp. nov

Valid

Thompson, Ausich & Smith

Early Devonian (Emsian)

Belèn Formation

 Bolivia

A crinoid, a species of Ctenocrinus.

Cyclolampas altus[31]

Sp. nov

Valid

Saucede et al.

Middle Jurassic (late Callovian)

 France

An echinoid, a species of Cyclolampas.

Eozonella[32]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Thuy, Marty & Comment

Late Jurassic (late Oxfordian)

  Switzerland

An ophiolepidid brittle star. The type species is Eozonella bergeri.

Graciacystis[33]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Zamora, Rahman & Smith

Middle Cambrian

 Spain

A basal cinctan echinoderm. The type species is Graciacystis ambigua.

Griphocrinus pirovanoi[30]

Sp. nov

Valid

Thompson, Ausich & Smith

Early Devonian (Emsian)

Icla Formation

 Bolivia

A crinoid, a species of Griphocrinus.

Hanshessia[26]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Thuy & Meyer

Middle Jurassic

  Switzerland

An ophiacanthid brittle star. The type species is Hanshessia trochitophila.

Juracantha[32]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Thuy, Marty & Comment

Late Jurassic (late Oxfordian)

  Switzerland

An ophiacanthid brittle star. The type species is Juracantha hottingeri.

Kosachenkoastrus[34]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Rozhnov

Middle Ordovician

 Russia

A member of Parablastoidea. The type species is Kosachenkoastrus volkhovensis.

Lutocrinus[30]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Thompson, Ausich & Smith

Early Devonian (Emsian)

Icla Formation

 Bolivia

A crinoid. The type species is Lutocrinus boliviaensis.

Ophiotholia aurora[26]

Sp. nov

Valid

Thuy & Meyer

Middle Jurassic

  Switzerland

An ophiomycetid brittle star, a species of Ophiotholia.

Rhenopyrgus piojoensis[35]

Sp nov

Valid

Sumrall, Heredia, Rodríguez & Mestre

Silurian (lower Ludlow)

Los Espejos Formation

 Argentina

A rhenopyrgid edrioasteroid, a species of Rhenopyrgus.

Conodonts[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Acanthodus humachensis[36]

Sp nov

Valid

Zeballo & Albanesi

Late Cambrian (late Furongian) or early Ordovician (Tremadocian)

Santa Rosita Formation

 Argentina

A species of Acanthodus.

Acanthodus raqueli[36]

Sp nov

Valid

Zeballo & Albanesi

Late Cambrian (late Furongian) or early Ordovician (Tremadocian)

Santa Rosita Formation

 Argentina

A species of Acanthodus.

Acodus primitivus[36]

Sp nov

Valid

Zeballo & Albanesi

Late Cambrian (late Furongian) or early Ordovician (Tremadocian)

Santa Rosita Formation

 Argentina

A species of Acodus.

Acuminatella[37]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Orchard

Late Triassic (late Carnian to early Norian)

Pardonet Formation

 Canada

A gondolellid ozarkodinid. The type species is Acuminatella acuminata; genus also contains Acuminatella angusta.

Carnepigondolella eozoae[37]

Sp. nov

Valid

Orchard

Late Triassic (late Carnian)

Ludington Formation

 Canada

A gondolellid ozarkodinid, a species of Carnepigondolella.

Carnepigondolella medioconstricta[37]

Sp. nov

Valid

Orchard

Late Triassic (late Carnian)

Ludington Formation

 Canada

A gondolellid ozarkodinid, a species of Carnepigondolella.

Kallidontus gondwanicus[36]

Sp nov

Valid

Zeballo & Albanesi

Late Cambrian (late Furongian) or early Ordovician (Tremadocian)

Santa Rosita Formation

 Argentina

A species of Kallidontus.

Kraussodontus[37]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Orchard

Late Triassic (late Carnian)

Pardonet Formation

 Canada

A gondolellid ozarkodinid. The type species is Kraussodontus peteri.

Muellerilepis[38]

Nom. nov

Valid

Bardashev & Bardasheva

Middle Devonian (Givetian)

 Tajikistan

A replacement name for Muellerina Bardashev & Bardasheva (2012) (preoccupied).

Naimanodus[39]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Tolmacheva

Middle Ordovician

 Kazakhstan
 Kyrgyzstan
 Russia

The type species is Naimanodus degtyarevi.

Parapetella[37]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Orchard

Late Triassic (late Carnian to early Norian)

Pardonet Formation

 Canada

A gondolellid ozarkodinid. The type species is Parapetella prominens.

Polygnathus pseudocostatus[40]

Sp nov

Valid

Klapper & Vodrážková

Devonian

 United States

A species of Polygnathus.

Primatella[37]

Gen. et comb. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Orchard

Late Triassic (late Carnian to early Norian)

Pardonet Formation

 Canada

A gondolellid ozarkodinid. A new genus for "Epigondolella" primitia Mosher (1970); genus also contains new species Primatella asymmetrica and Primatella conservativa.

Quadralella[37]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Orchard

Late Triassic (late Carnian)

Ludington Formation

 Canada

A gondolellid ozarkodinid. The type species is Quadralella lobata.

Tilcarodus[36]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Zeballo & Albanesi

Early Ordovician

Rupasca Formation

 Argentina

A new genus for "Utahconus" humahuacensis Albanesi and Aceñolaza (2005).

Utahconus purmamarcensis[36]

Sp nov

Valid

Zeballo & Albanesi

Late Cambrian (late Furongian) or early Ordovician (Tremadocian)

Santa Rosita Formation

 Argentina

A species of Utahconus.

Utahconus scandodiformis[36]

Sp nov

Valid

Zeballo & Albanesi

Late Cambrian (late Furongian) or early Ordovician (Tremadocian)

Santa Rosita Formation

 Argentina

A species of Utahconus.

Utahconus tortibasis[36]

Sp nov

Valid

Zeballo & Albanesi

Late Cambrian (late Furongian) or early Ordovician (Tremadocian)

Santa Rosita Formation

 Argentina

A species of Utahconus.

Variabiloconus crassus[36]

Sp nov

Valid

Zeballo & Albanesi

Late Cambrian (late Furongian) or early Ordovician (Tremadocian)

Santa Rosita Formation

 Argentina

A species of Variabiloconus.

Fishes[edit]

Amphibians[edit]

Newly named temnospondyls[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Broiliellus reiszi[41]

Sp. nov

Valid

Holmes, Berman & Anderson

Early Permian

El Cobre Canyon Formation

 United States

A dissorophid, a species of Broiliellus.

Parotosuchus ptaszynskii[42]

Sp nov

Valid

Sulej & Niedźwiedzki

Late Olenekian

 Poland

A species of Parotosuchus.

Reiszerpeton[43]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Maddin et al.

Early Permian

Archer City Formation

 United States

A dissorophid. The type species is Reiszerpeton renascentis.

Scapanops[44]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Schoch & Sues

Early Permian

Nocona Formation

 United States

A dissorophid. The type species is Scapanops neglecta.

Tersomius dolesensis[45]

Sp nov

Valid

Anderson & Bolt

Early Permian

 United States

A species of Tersomius.

Trimerorhachis greggi[46]

Sp nov

Valid

Milner & Schoch

Early Permian

 United States

A species of Trimerorhachis.

Newly named lepospondyls[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Batropetes niederkirchensis[47]

Sp. nov

Valid

Glienke

Early Permian (Rotliegend)

Saar–Nahe Basin

 Germany

A species of Batropetes.

Huskerpeton[48]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Huttenlocker et al.

Early Permian

Eskridge Formation

 United States

A recumbirostran. The type species is Huskerpeton englehorni.

Proxilodon[48]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Huttenlocker et al.

Early Permian

Speiser Formation

 United States

A recumbirostran, a new genus for "Euryodus" bonneri.

Newly named lissamphibians[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aerugoamnis[49]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Henrici, Báez & Grande

Early Eocene (Wasatchian)

Green River Formation

 United States

A relative of parsley frogs. The type species is Aerugoamnis paulus.

Eobarbourula[50]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Folie et al..

Early Eocene

Cambay Shale Formation

 India

A bombinatorid. Its type species is Eobarbourula delfinoi.

Gracilibatrachus[51]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Báez

Early Cretaceous (late Barremian)

 Spain

A relative of the family Pipidae. The type species is Gracilibatrachus avallei.

Iberobatrachus[51]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Báez

Early Cretaceous (late Barremian)

 Spain

A close relative of the genus Discoglossus. The type species is Iberobatrachus angelae.

Ichthyosaura randeckensis[52]

Sp. nov

Valid

Schoch & Rasser

Miocene

 Germany

A newt related to the Alpine newt.

Indorana[50]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Folie et al..

Early Eocene

Cambay Shale Formation

 India

A possible rhacophorid. Its type species is Indorana prasadi.

Leiopelma acricarina[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

Worthy et al.

Early Miocene

 New Zealand

A member of Leiopelmatidae.

Leiopelma miocaenale[53]

Sp. nov

Valid

Worthy et al.

Early Miocene

 New Zealand

A member of Leiopelmatidae.

Liaobatrachus zhaoi[54]

Sp. nov

Valid

Dong et al..

Early Cretaceous (Barremian)

Yixian Formation

 China

An anuran of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Liaobatrachus.

Paranecturus[55]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Demar

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Hell Creek Formation

 United States

A mudpuppy. The type species is Paranecturus garbanii.

Ukrainurus[56]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Vasilyan et al.

Miocene

 Ukraine

A relative of cryptobranchids. The type species is Ukrainurus hypsognathus.

Wesserpeton[57]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Sweetman & Gardner

Barremian

Wessex Formation

 England

An albanerpetontid.

Anapsids[edit]

Newly named procolophonoids[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Ruhuhuaria[58]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Tsuji, Sobral & Müller

Middle Triassic

Manda Formation

 Tanzania

A procolophonoid, possibly an owenettid. The type species is Ruhuhuaria reiszi.

Newly named turtles[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Adocus inexpectatus[59]

Sp. nov

Valid

Danilov et al.

Late Eocene

Youganwo Formation

 China

An adocid, a species of Adocus.

Atoposemys[60]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Hutchison

Early Paleocene (Puercan)

Fort Union Formation

 United States

A trionychid. The type species is Atoposemys entopteros.

Bairdemys healeyorum[61]

Sp. nov

Valid

Weems & Knight

Late Oligocene

Chandler Bridge Formation

 United States

A podocnemidid pleurodiran, a species of Bairdemys.

Basilemys gaffneyi[62]

Sp. nov

Valid

Sullivan, Jasinski & Lucas

Late Campanian

 United States

A nanhsiungchelyid turtle, a species of Basilemys.

Brachyopsemys[63]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Tong & Meylan

Early Paleocene

Ouled Abdoun Basin

 Morocco

A cryptodiran closely related to Sandownia. The type species is Brachyopsemys tingitana.

Camerochelys[64]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Pérez-García & Murelaga

Early Cretaceous (Hauterivian or Barremian)

Cameros Basin

 Spain

A member of Pan-Cryptodira (the clade containing living cryptodirans and all turtles sharing a more recent common ancestor with them than with pleurodirans), possibly a xinjiangchelyid. The type species is Camerochelys vilanovai.

Cardichelyon[60]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Hutchison

Early Eocene (Wasatchian)

 United States

A platysternid. The type species is Cardichelyon rogerwoodi.

?Centrochelys marocana[65]

Sp. nov

Valid

Gmira et al.

Pliocene

 Morocco

A tortoise, possibly a species of Centrochelys.

Changmachelys[66]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Brinkman et al.

Early Cretaceous

Xiagou Formation

 China

A member of (likely paraphyletic) group "Macrobaenidae". The type species is Changmachelys bohlini.

Chelodina (Chelodina) murrayi[67]

Sp. nov

Valid

Yates

Late Miocene

Waite Formation

 Australia

A chelid, a species of Chelodina.

Chelonoidis lutzae[68]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zacarías et al.

Late Pleistocene (58–22 ka)

 Argentina

A tortoise, a species of Chelonoidis.

Chrysemys isoni[69]

Sp. nov

Valid

Weems & George

Miocene

Calvert Formation

 United States

A relative of the painted turtle.

Cuora chiangmuanensis[70]

Sp. nov

Valid

Naksri et al.

Late Middle or early Late Miocene

 Thailand

An Asian box turtle.

Floridemys hurdi[69]

Sp. nov

Valid

Weems & George

Miocene

Calvert Formation

 United States

A tortoise, a species of Floridemys.

Kappachelys[71]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Hirayama, Isaji & Hibino

Early Cretaceous

Akaiwa Formation

 Japan

A relative of trionychids. The type species is Kappachelys okurai.

Laganemys[72]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Sereno & ElShafie

Aptian or Albian

Elrhaz Formation

 Niger

An araripemydid pleurodiran. The type species is Laganemys tenerensis.

Neochelys liriae[73]

Sp. nov

Valid

Pérez-García & de Lapparent de Broin

Eocene (Ypresian)

 France

A podocnemidid, a species of Neochelys.

Neurankylus lithographicus[74]

Sp. nov

Valid

Larson et al.

Santonian

Milk River Formation

 Canada

A neurankyline baenid, a species of Neurankylus.

Nostimochelone[75]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Georgalis et al.

Early Miocene

Zeugostasion Formation

 Greece

A pleurodiran, a member of Podocnemidoidea. The type species is Nostimochelone lampra.

Ocadia tanegashimensis[76]

Sp. nov

Valid

Takahashi et al.

Early middle Miocene

Kawachi Formation

 Japan

A geoemydid, a species of Ocadia.

Ocepechelon[77]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Bardet et al.

Late Cretaceous (late Maastrichtian)

Oulad Abdoun Basin

 Morocco

A relative of dermochelyids and protostegids. The type species is Ocepechelon bouyai.

Paramongolemys[78]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Danilov & Sukhanov

Late Paleocene

Naranbulak Formation

 Mongolia

A basal member of Testudinoidea. The type species is Paramongolemys khosatzkyi.

Planetochelys dithyros[60]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hutchison

Early Eocene (Wasatchian)

 United States

A relative of trionychids, a species of Planetochelys.

Psilosemys[60]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Hutchison

Early Eocene (Wasatchian)

 United States

The earliest North American emydid. The type species is Psilosemys wyomingensis.

Scabremys[62]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Sullivan, Jasinski & Lucas

Late Campanian

 United States

A baenid cryptodiran, a new genus for "Baena" ornata Gilmore (1935).

Shandongemys[79]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Li et al.

Late Cretaceous

 China

A lindholmemydid testudinoid. The type species is Shandongemys dongwuica.

Sinemys brevispinus[80]

Sp. nov

Valid

Tong & Brinkman

Early Cretaceous

Luohandong Formation

 China

A sinemydid cryptodiran, a species of Sinemys.

Spoochelys[81]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Smith & Kear

Early or middle Albian

Griman Creek Formation

 Australia

A meiolaniid-like turtle. The type species is Spoochelys ormondea.

Testudo oughlamensis[65]

Sp. nov

Valid

Gmira et al.

Pliocene

 Morocco

A tortoise, a species of Testudo.

Trapalcochelys[82]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Sterli, de la Fuente & Cerda

Late Cretaceous (late Campanian to early Maastrichtian)

Allen Formation

 Argentina

A relative of meiolaniids. The type species is Trapalcochelys sulcata.

Tullochelys[60]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Hutchison

Maastrichtian to early Paleocene (Puercan)

Fort Union Formation
Hell Creek Formation

 United States

A chelydrid. The type species is Tullochelys montanus.

Xenochelys floridensis[83]

Sp. nov

Valid

Bourque

Late Oligocene (early Arikareean)

 United States

A kinosternid, a species of Xenochelys.

Xinjiangchelys radiplicatoides[84]

Sp. nov

Valid

Brinkman et al.

Late Middle or early Late Jurassic

Shishugou Formation

 China

A species of Xinjiangchelys.

Xinjiangchelys wusu[85]

Sp. nov

Valid

Rabi et al.

Middle Jurassic

?Qigu Formation

 China

A species of Xinjiangchelys.

Thalattosaurs[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Concavispina[86]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Zhao et al.

Triassic

Xiaowa Formation

 China

A thalattosaurid thalattosaur. The type species is Concavispina biseridens

Ichthyopterygians[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Chaohusaurus zhangjiawanensis[87]

Sp. nov

Valid

Chen et al.

Early Triassic

Jialingjiang Formation

 China

A species of Chaohusaurus.

Gulosaurus[88]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Cuthbertson, Russell & Anderson

Early Triassic

Sulphur Mountain Formation

 Canada

A grippidian. The type species is Gulosaurus helmi.

Malawania[89]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Fischer et al.

Early Cretaceous (late Hauterivian to Barremian)

 Iraq

A basal member of Thunnosauria. The type species is Malawania anachronus.

Thalattoarchon[90]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Fröbisch et al.

Middle Triassic

 United States

A merriamosaur ichthyosaur. The type species is Thalattoarchon saurophagis

Lepidosauromorphs[edit]

Newly described Sauropterygians[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cryonectes[91]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Vincent, Bardet & Mattioli

Pliensbachian

 France

A pliosaurid. The type species is Cryonectes neustriacus

Gronausaurus[92]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Hampe

Early Cretaceous (Berriasian)

 Germany

A leptocleidid[92] or an elasmosaurid.[93] The type species is Gronausaurus wegneri

Megacephalosaurus[94]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Schumacher, Carpenter & Everhart

Late Cretaceous (middle Turonian)

 United States

A pliosaurid. The type species is Megacephalosaurus eulerti.

Palatodonta[95]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Neenan, Klein & Scheyer

Early Middle Triassic

 Netherlands

A relative of placodonts. The type species is Palatodonta bleekeri.

Pliosaurus carpenteri[93]

Sp. nov

Valid

Benson et al.

Late Jurassic

Kimmeridge Clay Formation

 United Kingdom

A pliosaurid, a species of Pliosaurus

Pliosaurus kevani[93]

Sp. nov

Valid

Benson et al.

Late Jurassic

Kimmeridge Clay Formation

 United Kingdom

A pliosaurid, a species of Pliosaurus

Pliosaurus westburyensis[93]

Sp. nov

Valid

Benson et al.

Late Jurassic

Kimmeridge Clay Formation

 United Kingdom

A pliosaurid, a species of Pliosaurus

Serpianosaurus germanicus[96]

Sp. nov

Valid

Diedrich

Middle Triassic (Anisian)

 Germany

A pachypleurosaur, a species of Serpianosaurus.

Newly described Rhynchocephalians[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Sphenotitan[97]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Martínez et al.

Late Triassic

Quebrada del Barro Formation

 Argentina

An opisthodontian rhynchocephalian. The type species is Sphenotitan leyesi.

Newly described lizards[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Apsgnathus[98]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Nydam, Rowe & Cifelli

Late Cretaceous (late Campanian, Judithian)

Aguja Formation

 United States

A member of Scincomorpha of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Apsgnathus triptodon.

Arcanosaurus[99]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Houssaye et al.

Early Cretaceous (Barremian or Aptian)

Cameros Basin

 Spain

An anguimorph lizard, possibly a varanoid. The type species is Arcanosaurus ibericus.

Arpadosaurus sepulchralis[100]

Sp. nov

Valid

Smith & Gauthier

Early Eocene

Wasatch Formation

 United States

A member of Glyptosaurinae, a species of Arpadosaurus.

Barbaturex[101]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Head et al.

Late middle Eocene (37.2 ± 1.3 Ma)

Pondaung Formation

 Myanmar

An iguanian lizard related to the genus Uromastyx. The type species is Barbaturex morrisoni.

Bicuspidon smikros[102]

Sp. nov

Valid

Nydam

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Dakota Formation

 United States

A member of Polyglyphanodontinae, a species of Bicuspidon.

Blanosaurus[103]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Folie, Smith & Smith

Early Eocene

 Belgium
 France

An amphisbaenian. The type species is Blanosaurus primeocaenus.

Camptognathosaurus[103]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Folie, Smith & Smith

Late Paleocene

 France

An amphisbaenian. The type species is Camptognathosaurus parisiensis.

Catactegenys[98]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Nydam, Rowe & Cifelli

Late Cretaceous (late Campanian, Judithian)

Aguja Formation

 United States

A night lizard. The type species is Catactegenys solaster.

Cemeterius[104][105]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Longrich, Bhullar & Gauthier

Late Cretaceous (late Maastrichtian)

Lance Formation

 United States

A platynotan lizard of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Cemeterius monstrosus.

Cnodontosaurus[102]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Nydam

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Dakota Formation

 United States

A member of Anguimorpha related to xenosaurids. The type species is Cnodontosaurus suchockii.

Dakotasaurus[102]

Gen. et sp. nov

Junior homonym

Nydam

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Dakota Formation

 United States

A member of Scincomorpha of uncertain phylogenetic placement, assigned by Nydam (2013) to an informal paramacellodid-cordylid grade.[102] The type species is Dakotasaurus gillettorum. The generic name turned out to be preoccupied by Dakotasaurus Branson & Mehl (1932); the lizard genus was subsequently renamed Dakotaseps.[106]

Desertiguana[107]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Alifanov

Late Cretaceous

 Mongolia

A phrynosomatid lizard. The type species is Desertiguana gobiensis.

Distortodon[108]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Makádi

Late Cretaceous (Santonian)

 Hungary

A member of Polyglyphanodontinae. The type species is Distortodon rhomboideus.

Entomophontes[100]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Smith & Gauthier

Early Eocene

Wasatch Formation

 United States

A relative of species belonging to the genus Xenosaurus. Genus contains two species: Entomophontes incrustatus and Entomophontes hutchisoni.

Eonatator coellensis[109]

Sp. nov

Valid

Páramo

Campanian

 Colombia

A mosasaur, a new species of Eonatator.

Glyptosaurus agmodon[100]

Sp. nov

Valid

Smith & Gauthier

Early Eocene

Wasatch Formation

 United States

A member of Glyptosaurinae, a species of Glyptosaurus.

Heterodontagama[110]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Rana et al.

Early Eocene (early to middle Ypresian)

Cambay Shale Formation

 India

A member of Priscagamidae. The type species is Heterodontagama borsukae.

Indiagama[110]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Rana et al.

Early Eocene (early to middle Ypresian)

Cambay Shale Formation

 India

A member of Agamidae. The type species is Indiagama gujarata.

Lamiasaura[104][105]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Longrich, Bhullar & Gauthier

Late Cretaceous (late Maastrichtian)

Lance Formation

 United States

A squamate of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Lamiasaura ferox.

Lonchisaurus[104][105]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Longrich, Bhullar & Gauthier

Late Cretaceous (late Maastrichtian)

Lance Formation

 United States

A scincomorph lizard of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Lonchisaurus trichurus.

Monocnemodon[102]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Nydam

Late Cretaceous (Santonian)

Straight Cliffs Formation

 United States

A member of Scincomorpha of uncertain phylogenetic placement, assigned by Nydam (2013) to an informal paramacellodid-cordylid grade.[102] The type species is Monocnemodon syphakos.

Obamadon[104][105]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Longrich, Bhullar & Gauthier

Late Cretaceous (late Maastrichtian)

Hell Creek Formation
Lance Formation

 United States

A polyglyphanodontian lizard of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Obamadon gracilis.

Odaxosaurus roosevelti[102]

Sp. nov

Valid

Nydam

Late Cretaceous

Kaiparowits Formation

 United States

A member of Anguidae, a species of Odaxosaurus.

Palaeoxantusia amara[100]

Sp. nov

Valid

Smith & Gauthier

Early Eocene

Wasatch Formation

 United States

A night lizard, a species of Palaeoxantusia.

Palepidophyma[100]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Smith & Gauthier

Early Eocene

Wasatch Formation

 United States

A night lizard. Genus contains two species: Palepidophyma paradisa and Palepidophyma lilliputiana.

Parasaniwa cynochoros[102]

Sp. nov

Valid

Nydam

Late Cretaceous

Kaiparowits Formation

 United States

A member of Platynota of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a species of Parasaniwa.

Pariguana[104][105]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Longrich, Bhullar & Gauthier

Late Cretaceous (late Maastrichtian)

Lance Formation

 United States

An iguanid lizard of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Pariguana lancensis.

Pelsochamops[111]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Makádi

Late Cretaceous (Santonian)

Csehbánya Formation

 Hungary

A chamopsiid. The type species is Pelsochamops infrequens.

Plesiolacerta eratosthenesi[112]

Sp. nov

Valid

Čerňanský & Augé

Late Oligocene

 Germany

A lacertid lizard, a species of Plesiolacerta.

Polyodontobaena[103]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Folie, Smith & Smith

Early Paleocene

Hainin Formation

 Belgium

An amphisbaenian. The type species is Polyodontobaena belgica.

Provaranosaurus fatuus[100]

Sp. nov

Valid

Smith & Gauthier

Early Eocene

Wasatch Formation

 United States

A relative of the Chinese crocodile lizard, a species of Provaranosaurus.

Romeosaurus[113]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Palci, Caldwell & Papazzoni

Late Cretaceous (early Turonian to early Santonian)

 Italy

A mosasaur related to Russellosaurus and Yaguarasaurus. Genus contains two species: Romeosaurus fumanensis and Romeosaurus sorbinii.

Schillerosaurus[114]

Nom. nov

Valid

Nydam, Chure & Evans

Late Jurassic

Morrison Formation

 United States

A replacement name for Schilleria Evans & Chure (1999).

Scincoideus grassator[100]

Sp. nov

Valid

Smith & Gauthier

Early Eocene

Wasatch Formation

 United States

A member of Lacertiformes, a species of Scincoideus.

Socognathus brachyodon[104][105]

Sp. nov

Valid

Longrich, Bhullar & Gauthier

Late Cretaceous (late Maastrichtian)

Lance Formation

 United States

A chamopsiid polyglyphanodontian lizard, a species of Socognathus.

Suratagama[110]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Rana et al.

Early Eocene (early to middle Ypresian)

Cambay Shale Formation

 India

A member of Agamidae. The type species is Suratagama neeraae.

Suzanniwana revenanta[100]

Sp. nov

Valid

Smith & Gauthier

Early Eocene

Wasatch Formation

 United States

A member of Pleurodonta, a species of Suzanniwana.

Tiliqua laticephala[115]

Sp. nov

Valid

Čerňanský & Hutchinson

Pliocene

 Australia

A blue-tongued skink.

Utahgenys antongai[102]

Sp. nov

Valid

Nydam

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Dakota Formation

 United States

A contogeniid scincomorph, a species of Utahgenys.

Webbsaurus[102]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Nydam

Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Dakota Formation

 United States

A scincomorph related to skinks. The type species is Webbsaurus lofgreni.

Xestops savagei[100]

Sp. nov

Valid

Smith & Gauthier

Early Eocene

Wasatch Formation

 United States

A member of Glyptosaurinae, a species of Xestops.

Newly named snakes[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cerberophis[104][105]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Longrich, Bhullar & Gauthier

Late Cretaceous (late Maastrichtian)

Hell Creek Formation

 United States

An alethinophidian snake of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Cerberophis robustus.

Kataria[116]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Scanferla et al.

Early Paleocene (Danian)

Santa Lucía Formation

 Bolivia

A macrostomatan snake related to caenophidians. The type species is Kataria anisodonta.

Nidophis[117]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Vasile, Csiki-Sava & Venczel

Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian)

Haţeg Basin

 Romania

A madtsoiid. The type species is Nidophis insularis.

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named basal archosauromorphs[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Ankylosuchus[118]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Lucas, Spielmann & Hunt

Late Triassic

Colorado City Formation

 United States

A doswelliid. The type species is Ankylosuchus chinlegroupensis.

Asperoris[119]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Nesbitt, Butler & Gower

Middle Triassic (probably late Anisian)

Manda beds

 Tanzania

A non-archosaurian archosauriform of uncertain phylogenetic placement. The type species is Asperoris mnyama.

Fuyuansaurus[120]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Fraser, Rieppel & Chun

Middle Triassic (Ladinian)

Falang Formation

 China

A protorosaur. The type species is Fuyuansaurus acutirostris.

Jaxtasuchus[121]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid[122]

Schoch & Sues

Middle Triassic (Ladinian)

Erfurt Formation

 Germany

A doswelliid. The type species is Jaxtasuchus salomoni.

Machaeroprosopus lottorum[123]

Sp. nov

Valid

Hungerbühler et al.

Late Triassic

Cooper Canyon Formation

 United States

A phytosaur, a species of Machaeroprosopus.

Macrocnemus obristi[124]

Sp. nov

Valid

Fraser & Furrer

Middle Triassic (Ladinian)

Prosanto Formation

  Switzerland

A protorosaur, a species of Macrocnemus.

Wannia[125]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Stocker

Late Triassic

 United States

A phytosaur; a new genus for "Paleorhinus" scurriensis Langston (1949).

Archosaurs[edit]

Other diapsids[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Dolerosaurus[126]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid

Butler

Late Triassic (late Carnian)

Lunz Formation

 Austria

A diapsid of uncertain phylogenetic placement, a new genus for "Francosuchus" trauthi Huene (1939).

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian synapsids[edit]

Research[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Diegocanis[128]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Martínez, Fernandez & Alcober

Late Triassic

Ischigualasto Formation

 Argentina

A member of Eucynodontia closely related to Ecteninion and Trucidocynodon. The type species is Diegocanis elegans.

Mandagomphodon[129]

Gen. et comb. nov

Valid[130]

Hopson

Middle Triassic

Manda Formation

 Tanzania

A traversodontid cynodont, a new genus for "Scalenodon" hirschsoni Crompton (1972).

Niassodon[131]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Castanhinha et al.

Late Permian

 Mozambique

A kingoriid emydopoid dicynodont. The type species is Niassodon mfumukasi.

Tambacarnifex[132]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid[130]

Berman et al.

Early Permian

Tambach Formation

 Germany

A varanodontine varanopid. The type species is Tambacarnifex unguifalcatus.

Mammals[edit]

Other animals[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anomalocaris kunmingensis[133]

Sp. nov

Valid

Wang, Huang & Hu

Cambrian

Wulongqing Formation

 China

A member of Anomalocarididae (a group of animals with uncertain phylogenetic placement, possibly stem-arthropods), a species of Anomalocaris.

Conularia porcella[134]

Sp. nov

Valid

Robson & Young

Late Ordovician (middle Katian)

Red River Formation

 Canada

A conulariid, a species of Conularia.

Gracilitheca astronauta[135]

Sp. nov

Valid

Valent & Fatka

Cambrian

Buchava Formation

 Czech Republic

A member of Hyolitha (a group of animals of uncertain phylogenetic placement, possibly molluscs), a species of Gracilitheca.

Gracilitheca mirabilis[136]

Sp. nov

Valid

Valent, Fatka & Marek

Cambrian

Buchava Formation

 Czech Republic

A member of Hyolitha (a group of animals of uncertain phylogenetic placement, possibly molluscs), a species of Gracilitheca.

Gracilitheca triangularis[136]

Sp. nov

Valid

Valent, Fatka & Marek

Cambrian

Buchava Formation

 Czech Republic

A member of Hyolitha, a species of Gracilitheca.

Microconchus utahensis[137]

Sp. nov

Valid

Zatoń, Taylor & Vinn

Early Triassic

Virgin Formation

 United States

A member of Microconchida (a group of animals of uncertain phylogenetic placement, possibly molluscs), a species of Microconchus.

Nephrotheca betula[136]

Sp. nov

Valid

Valent, Fatka & Marek

Cambrian

Buchava Formation

 Czech Republic

A member of Hyolitha, a species of Nephrotheca.

Nephrotheca sophia[135]

Sp. nov

Valid

Valent & Fatka

Cambrian

Buchava Formation

 Czech Republic

A member of Hyolitha, a species of Nephrotheca.

Paraconularia bachmanni[138]

Sp. nov

Valid

Barth et al.

Late Triassic

 Germany

A conulariid, a species of Paraconularia.

Paranomalocaris[133]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Wang, Huang & Hu

Cambrian

Wulongqing Formation

 China

A member of Anomalocarididae (a group of animals with uncertain phylogenetic placement, possibly stem-arthropods). The type species is Paranomalocaris multisegmentalis.

Quasiaulacera[139]

Gen. et 2 sp. nov

Valid

Copper, Stock & Jin

Late Ordovician (Hirnantian)

Ellis Bay Formation

 Canada

A stromatoporoid. Genus contains two species: Quasiaulacera stellata and Q. occidua.

Spinitheca[140]

Gen. et sp. nov

Valid

Novozhilova

Early Cambrian (Atdabanian)

 Russia

A member of Hyolitha (a group of animals of uncertain phylogenetic placement, possibly molluscs). The type species is Spinitheca sysoievi.

References[edit]

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  8. ^ George Poinar Jr. and Royce Steeves (2013). "Virola dominicana sp. nov. (Myristicaceae) from Dominican amber". Botany 91 (8): 530–534. doi:10.1139/cjb-2013-0019. 
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