2014 Asian Games

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XVII Asian Games
Incheon 2014 Asian Games logo.svg
Official emblem of the 2014 Asian Games.
Host city Incheon, South Korea
Motto Diversity Shines Here
(평화의 숨결, 아시아의 미래)
Nations participating 45
Athletes participating 9,501 (5,823 men, 3,678 women)
Events 439 in 36 sports
Opening ceremony September 19
Closing ceremony October 4
Officially opened by President Park Geun-hye
Athlete's Oath Oh Jin-hyek
Nam Hyun-hee
Torch Lighter Lee Young-ae
Main venue Incheon Asiad Main Stadium
Website Official website
2010 2018  >
2014 Asian Games

The 2014 Asian Games, officially known as the XVII Asiad, was a multi-sport event celebrated in Incheon, South Korea from September 19 – October 4, 2014,[1] with 439 events in 36 sports and disciplines featured in the Games.

Incheon was awarded the right on April 17, 2007, defeating Delhi, India to host the Games. Incheon was the third city in South Korea after Seoul (1986) and Busan (2002) to host the Asian Games.

The final medal tally was led by China, followed by South Korea and Japan. 14 World and 27 Asian records were broken during the Games.[2] Japanese swimmer Kosuke Hagino was announced as the most valuable player (MVP) of the Games.[3] Though there were several controversies, the Games were deemed generally successful with its low price tag and with the rising standard of competition amongst the Asian nations.[4]

Organisation[edit]

Bidding[edit]

2014 Asian Games bidding results
City Country Votes
Incheon  South Korea 32
New Delhi  India 13

Two cities bid for the Games. Both Delhi (India) and Incheon (South Korea) submitted their formal bid on December 2, 2006 in Doha, Qatar.[5]

The vote was held on April 17, 2007 at the Marriot Hotel in Kuwait City, Kuwait, during the OCA's general assembly. During the final presentation prior to voting, Incheon made a new offer, raising USD$20 million funds to support the countries that are yet to win a medal in the Games. It also offered free flight tickets and accommodation to all the participants, while India did not make any changes to its offer.[6][7] All 45 members voted, with voting held in secret ballot. Around 4 p.m. local time, it was announced that Incheon won the rights.[8] Though the vote results were not released, it was revealed that Incheon won by 32–13.[9]

It was widely felt that Delhi's lack of enthusiasm to host the event was the primary reason for its loss. Then Union Sports Minister of India, Mani Shankar Aiyar, spoke strongly against Delhi hosting the games and argued that it was better if the money allocated by India's government for organizing the sporting event was spent on building facilities for the poor.[10] The Indian Olympic Association (IOA) president revealed that India's Sports Minister remarks against hosting the Games was the main reason for New Delhi's loss.[11] The IOA delegation also added that the bids evaluation committee was concerned about pollution and traffic in Delhi.[12] Delhi offering US$200,000 to each team for games support against Incheon's offer of US$20 million to all 45 nations participating in the event could also have contributed to the defeat.[6]

Slogan[edit]

Unveiled on September 16, 2010, "Diversity Shines Here" is the official slogan of the Games. It represents and highlights the significance of Asia’s wonderful diversity in history, cultures, and religions.[13]

Marketing[edit]

The Spotted Seals, the Games' mascots. Named from left to right: Chumuro, Vichuon and Barame.

Three Spotted seal siblings was unveiled on November 4, 2010 as official mascot of the Games in Songdo Island, Incheon. The three seals, known as "Barame (바라메)", "Chumuro (추므로)" and "Vichuon (비추온)", means wind, dance and light in Korean language, is in accordance with the theme of main venue. The prototype was taken from Baengnyeong Island. According to the organisers, the mascot was chosen as symbolic to the future peace between South Korea and North Korea.[14]

The official emblem also unveiled on same day, represent by a huge wing consisting of a string of "A", the first letter of "Asia", with a shining sun at its upper left, it symbolising the Asian people holding hands in the sky.[14]

Official poster of was released on March 31, 2011. The six posters, was designed after categorising the 28 Olympic sports into five groups to represent the philosophy and values of the Games. The five groups are racquet sports, ball sports, water sports, athletic sports and weight class.[15][16]

On September 27, 2012, Swiss watchmaker company Tissot was named as the official timekeeper of the Games.[17]

The official album was released by Universal Music was released on June 20, 2014, which featured "Only One", performed by JYJ as the official theme song of the Games.[18][19]

Venues[edit]

Aerial view of the Incheon Asiad Park in July 2014

There are 49 competition venues and 48 training facilities that will be used during the Games. Among the 49 competition venues, ten venues featured in six cities of Gyeonggi Province while another two featured in Chungju and Seoul. The rest of the venues featured in eight district and a county inside the metropolitan city of Incheon. Ten venues were constructed for the Games.[20] The Games also consist athletes and media villages that provide over 3,300 units and 9,560 rooms for athletes and media persons.[20]

The main stadium, known as Incheon Asiad Main Stadium, has an all-seater capacity of 61,074 seats, with 30,000 seats are variable after the Games.[21][22] The US$400 million stadium, originally planned for 70,000 seats, was designed by Populous, who has also designed several event venues around the world, including the Olympic Stadium of the 2012 Summer Olympics. The groundbreaking ceremony was held on June 28, 2011 in Yeonhui-dong. Construction began in June 2011 and finished in July 2014.[23][24]

Flags at Asiad Park

Transport[edit]

Incheon Subway's construction period was shortened rather than planned 2018 completion.[25] Due to the increasing popularity of Incheon International Airport during the Games, the immigration procedures were improved to better convenience the passengers.[26]

Medals[edit]

The medal design was approved by OCA on August 19, 2013. It features a pentagon-shaped symbol representing the five ports of Incheon — Airport, Seaport, Teleport, Leisureport and Businessport, with the emblem of Games inside. It symbolises the city as the hub of Northeast Asia.[27]

Costs[edit]

The cost of the Games was estimated at approximately US$1.62 billion, with the Korean government and Incheon government covering 19% and 78.9% respectively. Of the total budget, some US$1.39 billion was used for the construction of venue and infrastructure, while approximately US$11 million covered the building and maintenance of training grounds. Around US$103 million was allocated for road and transportation projects.[21]

However, a report in April 2012 suggested the city was under pressure on its financial due to uprising debt.[25]

The IAGOC saved US$34 million after agreeing to reduce from 15,000 to 2,025 athletes to be provided free of charge for transportation and accommodation.[28]

Torch relay[edit]

The torch relay during opening ceremony. South Korean athletes Inbee Park move fire to Lee Seung-yeop

The torch was revealed in October 2013, with the design motif based on the official bird of Incheon Metropolitan City, the Crane, with the blue internal cylinder of torch signifying the sky and the ocean of Incheon. Another four colors (green, yellow, red, violet) were designed to represent the five regions of Asia.[29]

The torch was lit at Dhyan Chand National Stadium in New Delhi, India on August 9, 2014. This marked the first time the torch was lit outside the host country.[30] For the first time also, the Games hosted by South Korea's city to have international torch relay as Weihai, a city in Shandong province of the People's Republic of China, was only the another city hosted the torch relay on August 12, 2014.[31][32]

The domestic lighting ceremony was held at Manisan on Ganghwa Island on August 12, 2014.[33] The domestic relay begin from August 13, 2014 and travel through 70 cities for 5,700 km until the opening ceremony.[34]

Calendar[edit]

In the following calendar for the 2014 Asian Games, each blue box represents an event competition, such as a qualification round, on that day. The yellow boxes represent days during which medal-awarding finals for a sport were held, which numeric representing the number of finals that were contested on that day. On the left the calendar lists each sport with events held during the Games, and at the right how many gold medals were won in that sport. There is a key at the top of the calendar to aid the reader.[35]

 OC  Opening ceremony  ●   Event competitions  1  Event finals  CC  Closing ceremony
September/October 2014 14th
Sun
15th
Mon
16th
Tue
17th
Wed
18th
Thu
19th
Fri
20th
Sat
21st
Sun
22nd
Mon
23rd
Tue
24th
Wed
25th
Thu
26th
Fri
27th
Sat
28th
Sun
29th
Mon
30th
Tue
1st
Wed
2nd
Thu
3rd
Fri
4th
Sat
Gold
medals
Diving pictogram.svg Aquatics – Diving 2 2 2 2 2 10
Swimming pictogram.svg Aquatics – Swimming 6 6 7 7 6 6 38
Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg Aquatics – Synchronized swimming 1 1 1 3
Water polo pictogram.svg Aquatics – Water polo 1 1 2
Archery pictogram.svg Archery 4 4 8
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 5 8 7 4 11 11 1 47
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton 1 1 1 2 2 7
Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball – Baseball 1 1
Softball pictogram.svg Baseball – Softball 1 1
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball 1 1 2
Bowling pictogram.svg Bowling 1 1 1 1 2 4 2 12
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 3 10 13
Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg Canoeing – Slalom 4 4
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing – Sprint 12 12
Cricket pictogram.svg Cricket 1 1 2
Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg Cycling – BMX 2 2
Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg Cycling – Mountain bike 2 2
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling – Road 2 1 1 4
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg Cycling – Track 2 2 1 1 1 3 10
Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian 1 1 2 1 1 6
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing 2 2 2 2 2 2 12
Football pictogram.svg Football 1 1 2
Golf pictogram.svg Golf 4 4
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics – Artistic 1 1 2 5 5 14
Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics – Rhythmic 1 1 2
Gymnastics (trampoline) pictogram.svg Gymnastics – Trampoline 2 2
Handball pictogram.svg Handball 1 1 2
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey 1 1 2
Judo pictogram.svg Judo 4 5 5 2 16
Kabaddi pictogram.svg Kabaddi 2 2
Karate pictogram.svg Karate 5 5 3 13
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon 2 2 4
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing 7 7 14
Rugby union pictogram.svg Rugby sevens 2 2
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing 14 14
Sepaktakraw pictogram.svg Sepaktakraw 2 2 2 6
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting 4 4 4 4 4 10 6 6 2 44
Squash pictogram.svg Squash 2 2 4
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis 2 3 2 7
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo 4 4 4 4 16
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis – Tennis 2 3 2 7
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis – Soft tennis 2 1 2 2 7
Triathlon pictogram.svg Triathlon 2 1 3
Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Volleyball – Beach 1 1 2
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball – Indoor 1 1 2
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 15
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 4 4 4 4 4 20
Wushu pictogram.svg Wushu 2 2 2 2 7 15
Blank.png Ceremonies OC CC
Total gold medals 18 24 27 29 38 38 22 24 30 32 29 46 41 34 7 439
Cumulative Total 18 42 69 98 136 174 196 220 250 282 311 357 398 432 439
September/October 2014 14th
Sun
15th
Mon
16th
Tue
17th
Wed
18th
Thu
19th
Fri
20th
Sat
21st
Sun
22nd
Mon
23rd
Tue
24th
Wed
25th
Thu
26th
Fri
27th
Sat
28th
Sun
29th
Mon
30th
Tue
1st
Wed
2nd
Thu
3rd
Fri
4th
Sat
Gold
medals

Games[edit]

Opening ceremony[edit]

The opening ceremony started at 18:00 local time on September 19, 2014. The performance was directed by the film director Im Kwon-taek with playwright and actor Jang Jin, with entertainer Kim Seong-ju and KBS emcee Yun Su-yeong are the host of the ceremony.[36][37] It was attended by President of South Korea, Park Geun-hye, President of International Olympic Committee Thomas Bach, Tokyo Governor Yōichi Masuzoe and also Incheon Mayor Yoo Jeong-bok.[36]

Actors Jang Dong-gun and Kim Soo-hyun led the performance, which was covered in four acts, from "Asia long time ago", "Asia meeting through the sea", "Asia as family and friends", and "Asia as one and future joining with today", displayed the Korea past and future with digital technology. Other performers included Chinese pianist Lang Lang, soprano Sumi Jo,[38] JYJ, Exo, and Psy, who wrapped up the ceremony with a performance of Gangnam Style.[39]

Sports[edit]

The 2014 Games featured 28 Olympic sports that will be contested at the 2016 Summer Olympics. In addition, eight non-Olympic sports were featured: baseball, ten-pin bowling, cricket, kabaddi, karate, sepak takraw, squash and wushu. The list was finalized on December 9, 2010 at the OCA's executive board meeting in Muscat, Oman.[40][41] This resulted in six other sports: roller sport, board games (chess, go, xiangqi), cue sports, softball, dancesport and dragon boat, which were held in previous Games being dropped from the list.[42] The list was approved on July 13, 2011 during the 30th annual general assembly in Tokyo as softball incorporated with baseball as one sport while soft tennis is under the discipline of tennis.[43] For the first time, compound archery, mixed relay triathlon, judo team events were introduced.[44][45]

The changes in the non-Olympic sports featured at the Asian Games were influenced by discussions with organizers, who had suggested the removal of cricket from the program because they felt too few countries played it and because they lacked the infrastructure to host it. However, the OCA disputed the proposed removal of cricket, citing its popularity and viewer interest.[46]

Closing ceremony[edit]

The closing ceremony was held at 07:00 pm local time on October 4, 2014.[47] The theme of the ceremony is "Our Cherished Memories of Incheon". The sequence of events featured the performances of National Dance Company of Korea, Gugak Center Dance Troupe and Kukkiwon.[48]

The ceremony also included the segment from the next Asian Games host city, Jakarta. It starts with "The Colours of Jakarta", featured a Javanese dance known as Ronggeng. It followed by "The Spirit of South Sumatra", featured Malay dance accompaniment of Rampak Nusantara drums. IOC member Rita Subowo and Governor of South Sumatra, Alex Noerdin received the Games flag for the 2018 Games.[49]

The K-Pop stars wrapped up the closing ceremony, featured CNBLUE, Big Bang and Sistar.[48]

Medal table[edit]

China led the medal table for the ninth consecutive time. Cambodia won their first Asian Games gold medal in taekwondo.[50] A total of 37 NOCs won at least a one medal, and 28 NOCs won at least one gold medal. 8 NOCs failed to win any medal at the Games.

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, South Korea, is highlighted.

   *   Host nation (South Korea)

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  China (CHN) 151 108 83 342
2  South Korea (KOR) 79 71 84 234
3  Japan (JPN) 47 76 77 200
4  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 28 23 33 84
5  Iran (IRI) 21 18 18 57
6  Thailand (THA) 12 7 28 47
7  North Korea (PRK) 11 11 14 36
8  India (IND) 11 10 36 57
9  Chinese Taipei (TPE) 10 18 23 51
10  Qatar (QAT) 10 0 4 14
Total 439 439 576 1454

Participating nations[edit]

All 45 members of the Olympic Council of Asia participated, this including North Korea, who initially threatened to boycott the Games after disputes with South Korea over administrative issues concerning its delegation of athletes and officials.[51] Saudi Arabia was the sole NOC not to send female athletes to the Games.[52]

Below is a list of all the participating NOCs; the number of competitors per delegation is indicated in brackets.

Concerns and controversies[edit]

Prior to the Games, there were several controversies over finances, lack of public interest,[98] transportation shortages for journalists,[99] and several administrative decisions regarding the opening ceremony and gala show.[100][101][102] Organizers were able to generate more interest but there were a few hundred empty seats in the 61,000-capacity stadium at the start of the opening ceremony.[103] Organizers also supplied more shuttle buses for the late-night shifts at the request of various international media organizations.[104]

In addition, the OCA and FIBA failed to compromise on a couple of policies, causing one team to boycott the event and forcing three teams to find replacement players. The Qatari women's basketball team withdrew from the Games when FIBA reaffirmed its ban on hijab, citing safety concerns.[105] Basketball became the only sport to enforce a hijab ban in the Games. On the other hand, OCA policy on naturalized players contradicted the eligibility rules set by FIBA. The OCA disqualified US-born players Quincy Davis, Andray Blatche, and Aaron Haynes from the Chinese Taipei, Filipino, and South Korean teams.[106][107]

During the Games there were several controversies, mostly revolving around poor officiating. The vast majority of poor judging allegations occurred in boxing, highlighted by the controversial semifinal loss of Indian lightweight boxer Laishram Sarita Devi against eventual silver medalist Park Jina of South Korea.[108] The judging of the match, Sarita Devi's refusal to accept the bronze medal, and her questionable behavior at the medal ceremony received widespread international attention and sparked numerous debates.[109] The high volume of controversial boxing decisions led to accusations against the judges for widespread incompetence and host favoritism. Criticisms of the new scoring system have also been brought up.[110] Shooting,[111] and wrestling saw initial rulings by officials being overturned following appeals.[112]

Some 1,920 samples from 1,600 athletes were tested during the Games. Six athletes tested positive for banned substances and were sent home from the Games, including two gold medalists that were stripped of their medals.[113]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Preceded by
Guangzhou
Asian Games
Incheon

XVII Asiad (2014)
Succeeded by
Jakarta

Coordinates: 37°58′N 124°39′E / 37.967°N 124.650°E / 37.967; 124.650