2014 Asian Games

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XVII Asian Games
Incheon 2014 Asian Games logo.svg
Official emblem of 2014 Asian Games
Host city Incheon, South Korea
Motto Diversity Shines Here
Events 439 in 36 sports
Opening ceremony September 19
Closing ceremony October 4
Main venue Incheon Asiad Main Stadium

The 2014 Asian Games, officially known as the XVII Asiad, is the largest sporting event in Asia governed by Olympic Council of Asia (OCA). It is scheduled to take place in Incheon, South Korea from September 19 – October 4, 2014,[1] with 439 events in 36 sports and disciplines set to feature in the Games.

Incheon was awarded the right on April 17, 2007, defeating Delhi, India to host the Games. Incheon is the third city in South Korea after Seoul (1986) and Busan (2002) to host the Asian Games.

Organisation[edit]

Bidding[edit]

A map of South Korea with Incheon marked in the north-west of the country.
A map of South Korea with Incheon marked in the north-west of the country.
Incheon
Location of Incheon in South Korea
2014 Asian Games bidding results
City Country Votes
Incheon South Korea South Korea 32
Delhi India India 13

Two cities were bidding for the Games, as Delhi (India) and Incheon (South Korea) made a formal bid on December 2, 2006 in Doha, Qatar.[2]

The vote was held on April 17, 2007 at the Marriot Hotel in Kuwait City, Kuwait, during the OCA's general assembly. Final presentation prior to the votes, Incheon make a new offer, raise USD$20 million funds to support the countries who yet won a medal in the Games, as well as offer free flight and accommodation to all the participants, while India has offered nothing.[3][4] All 45 members voted, with voting held in secret ballot. Around 4 p.m. local time, it was announced that Incheon won the rights,[5] although the vote results were not released, it was revealed Incheon won by 32–13.[6]

It was widely felt that Delhi's lack of enthusiasm to host the event was the primary reason for its loss. Then Union Sports Minister of India, Mani Shankar Aiyar, spoke strongly against Delhi hosting the games and argued that it was better if the money allocated by India's government for organizing the sporting event was spent on building facilities for the poor.[7] The Indian Olympic Association (IOA) president revealed that India's Sports Minister remarks against hosting the Games was the main reason for New Delhi's loss.[8] The IOA delegation also added that the bids evaluation committee concerns about pollution and traffic in Delhi,[9] as well as Delhi offering US$200,000 to each team for games support against Incheon's offer of US$20 million to all 45 nations participating in the event could also have contributed to the defeat.[3]

Slogan[edit]

Unveiled on September 16, 2010, "Diversity Shines Here" is the official slogan of the Games. It represents and highlights the significance of Asia’s wonderful diversity in history, cultures, and religions.[10]

Marketing[edit]

The Spotted Seals, the Games' mascots. Named from left to right: Barame, Vichuon, and Chumuro.

Three Spotted seal siblings was unveiled on November 4, 2010 as official mascot of the Games in Songdo Island, Incheon. The three seals, known as "Barame", "Chumuro" and "Vichuon", means wind, dance and light in Korean language, is in accordance with the theme of main venue. The prototype was taken from Baengnyeong Island. According to the organisers, the mascot was chosen as symbolic to the future peace between South Korea and North Korea.[11]

Official emblem also unveiled on same day, represent by a huge wing consisting of a string of "A", the first letter of "Asia", with a shining sun at its upper left, it symbolising the Asian people holding hands in the sky.[11]

Official poster of was released on March 31, 2011. The six posters, was designed after categorising the 28 Olympic sports into five groups to represent the philosophy and values of the Games. The five groups are racquet sports, ball sports, water sports, athletic sports and weight class.[12][13]

On September 27, 2012, Swiss watchmaker company Tissot was named as the official timekeeper of the Games.[14]

The official album was released by Universal Music was released on June 20, 2014, which featured "Only One", performed by JYJ as the official theme song of the Games.[15][16]

Medals[edit]

The medals design was approved by OCA on August 19, 2013. It features the pentagon-shaped symbol representing the five ports of Incheon — Airport, Seaport, Teleport, Leisureport and Businessport, with emblem of Games inside. It symbolises the city as the hub of Northeast Asia.[17]

Costs[edit]

Costs of the Games was estimated at approximately US$1.62 billion, with the Korean government and Incheon government covering 19% and 78.9% respectively. Of the total budget, some US$1.39 billion will be used for the construction of venue and infrastructure, while approximately US$11 million will cover the building and maintenance of training grounds. Around US$103 million will be used for road and transportation projects.[18]

However, report in April 2012 suggests the city is under pressure on its financial due to uprising debt.[19]

The IAGOC is expected to save US$34 million after agreeing to reduce from 15,000 to 2,025 athletes to be provided free of charge for transportation and accommodation.[20]

Venues[edit]

There are 49 competition venues and 48 training facilities were used during the Games. Among the 49 competition venues, ten venues featured in six cities of Gyeonggi Province while another two featured in Chungju and Seoul. The rest of the venues featured in eight district and a county inside the metropolitan city of Incheon. Ten venues were constructed for the Games.[21] The Games also consist athletes and media villages that provide over 3,300 units and 9,560 rooms for athletes and media persons.[21]

The main stadium, known as Incheon Asiad Main Stadium, has an all-seater capacity of 61,074 seats, with 30,000 seats are variable after the Games.[18][22] The US$400 million stadium, who originally planned for 70,000 seats was designed by Populous, who has also designed several event venues around the world, including the Olympic Stadium of the 2012 Summer Olympics. The groundbreaking ceremony was held on June 28, 2011 in Yeonhui-dong, with construction beginning in June 2011 and expected to finish in April 2014.[23][24]

Yeonhui Cricket Ground is a newly built cricket stadium in Incheon and it has been reported that the crowd capacity of this ground will be 2,353. This first cricket stadium in South Korea[25]

Transport[edit]

Incheon Subway's construction period was shortened rather than planned 2018 completion.[19] Due to the increasing popularity of Incheon International Airport during the Games, the immigration procedures were improved to convenience the passengers.[26]

Torch relay[edit]

The torch was revealed in October 2013, with the design motif is based on the official bird of Incheon Metropolitan City, the Crane, with the blue internal cylinder of torch signifying the sky and the ocean of Incheon. Another four colors (green, yellow, red, violet) were designed to represent the five regions of Asia.[27]

Organisers are planning to light the flame in August 2014 in New Delhi, India. For the first time, the Games hosted by South Korea's city to have international torch relay. Other than New Delhi, Hanoi, the city for next edition of Games and Guangzhou, the city for previous edition of the Games will also part of the international relay route which run from August 19–23, 2014, with 17 km of distance and 40 torchbearers in each city. In April 2014, Weihai, a city in Shandong province, was also announced as part of the relay route. The domestic route will begin from August 24, 2014 and cover 3,800 km through its way to opening ceremony.[28][29]

Calendar[edit]

In the following calendar for the 2014 Asian Games, each blue box represents an event competition, such as a qualification round, on that day. The yellow boxes represent days during which medal-awarding finals for a sport were held, which numeric representing the number of finals that were contested on that day. On the left the calendar lists each sport with events held during the Games, and at the right how many gold medals were won in that sport. There is a key at the top of the calendar to aid the reader.[30]

 OC  Opening ceremony  ●   Event competitions  1  Event finals  CC  Closing ceremony
September/October 2014 14th
Sun
15th
Mon
16th
Tue
17th
Wed
18th
Thu
19th
Fri
20th
Sat
21st
Sun
22nd
Mon
23rd
Tue
24th
Wed
25th
Thu
26th
Fri
27th
Sat
28th
Sun
29th
Mon
30th
Tue
1st
Wed
2nd
Thu
3rd
Fri
4th
Sat
Gold
medals
Diving pictogram.svg Aquatics – Diving 2 2 2 2 2 10
Swimming pictogram.svg Aquatics – Swimming 6 6 7 7 6 6 38
Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg Aquatics – Synchronized swimming 1 1 1 3
Water polo pictogram.svg Aquatics – Water polo 1 1 2
Archery pictogram.svg Archery 4 4 8
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 5 8 7 4 11 11 1 47
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton 1 1 1 2 2 7
Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball – Baseball 1 1
Softball pictogram.svg Baseball – Softball 1 1
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball 1 1 2
Bowling pictogram.svg Bowling 1 1 1 1 2 4 2 12
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 3 10 13
Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg Canoeing – Slalom 2 2 4
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing – Sprint 6 6 12
Cricket pictogram.svg Cricket 1 1 2
Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg Cycling – BMX 2 2
Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg Cycling – Mountain bike 2 2
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling – Road 2 1 1 4
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg Cycling – Track 2 2 1 1 1 3 10
Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian 1 1 2 1 1 6
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing 2 2 2 2 2 2 12
Football pictogram.svg Football 1 1 2
Golf pictogram.svg Golf 4 4
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics – Artistic 1 1 2 5 5 14
Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics – Rhythmic 1 1 2
Gymnastics (trampoline) pictogram.svg Gymnastics – Trampoline 2 2
Handball pictogram.svg Handball 1 1 2
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey 1 1 2
Judo pictogram.svg Judo 4 5 5 2 16
Kabaddi pictogram.svg Kabaddi 2 2
Karate pictogram.svg Karate 5 5 3 13
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon 2 2 4
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing 7 7 14
Rugby union pictogram.svg Rugby sevens 2 2
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing 14 14
Sepaktakraw pictogram.svg Sepaktakraw 2 2 2 6
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting 4 4 4 4 4 10 6 6 2 44
Squash pictogram.svg Squash 2 2 4
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis 2 3 2 7
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo 4 4 4 4 16
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis – Tennis 2 3 2 7
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis – Soft tennis 2 1 2 2 7
Triathlon pictogram.svg Triathlon 2 1 3
Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Volleyball – Beach 1 1 2
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball – Indoor 1 1 2
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 15
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 4 4 4 4 4 20
Wushu pictogram.svg Wushu 2 2 2 2 7 15
Blank.png Ceremonies OC CC
Total gold medals 18 24 27 29 38 38 22 24 30 26 35 46 39 36 7 439
Cumulative Total 18 42 69 98 136 174 196 220 250 276 311 357 396 432 439
September/October 2014 14th
Sun
15th
Mon
16th
Tue
17th
Wed
18th
Thu
19th
Fri
20th
Sat
21st
Sun
22nd
Mon
23rd
Tue
24th
Wed
25th
Thu
26th
Fri
27th
Sat
28th
Sun
29th
Mon
30th
Tue
1st
Wed
2nd
Thu
3rd
Fri
4th
Sat
Gold
medals

Games[edit]

Opening ceremony[edit]

The opening ceremony will be held from 19:00 to 22:00 local time on September 19, 2014. The performance will combine the elements Korean traditional culture and modern technology.[31]

Sports[edit]

The 2014 Games is scheduled to feature the 28 Olympic sports which will be contested at the 2016 Summer Olympics. In addition, eight non-Olympic sports will be featured: baseball, ten-pin bowling, cricket, kabaddi, karate, sepak takraw, squash and wushu. The list was finalised on December 9, 2010 at the OCA's executive board meeting in Muscat, Oman.[32][33] This resulted in six other sports: roller sport, chess, cue sports, softball, dancesport and dragon boat, which were held in previous Games being dropped from the list.[34] The list was approved on July 13, 2011 during the 30th annual general assembly in Tokyo as softball incorporated with baseball as one sport while soft tennis is under the discipline of tennis.[35] For the first time, compound archery, mixed relay triathlon, judo team events were introduced.[36][37]

The changes in the non-Olympic sports featured at the Asian Games were influenced by discussions with organizers, who had suggested the removal of cricket from the program because they felt too few countries played it, and because they lacked infrastructure to host it. However, the OCA disputed the proposed removal of cricket, citing its popularity and viewer interest.[38]

Closing ceremony[edit]

The closing ceremony will be held from 19:00 to 21:30 on October 4, 2014.[31]

Controversies[edit]

Honorary ambassadors dropped from set-list[edit]

The honorary ambassadors of the Games, Korean group JYJ, were reportedly dropped from the opening and closing ceremonies and were relegated to perform in the pre-opening ceremony instead,[39][40] Other confirmed artists such as Psy, Big Bang, CNBLUE and Exo will continue to perform on stage during the opening and closing ceremonies.[41] After the news broke out, fans asked IAG for fair treatment of the group.[42]

Outdoor velodrome[edit]

Hong Kong cyclists had raised concerns after they found the competition venue would be on outdoor velodrome of 333 metres in length, instead of the 250 metres indoor velodrome, which is commonly in use during the Olympics Games and World Cup. Hong Kong Cycling Association claimed that outdoor velodromes are rare in modern cycling, they have to travel far to practice in a similar environment.[43] The organising committee denied any advantage to the host nation. They also stated that the track was re-coated and received approval from Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI).[44]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°58′N 124°39′E / 37.967°N 124.650°E / 37.967; 124.650