2014 Commonwealth Games
|XX Commonwealth Games|
|Host city||Glasgow, Scotland|
|Motto||People, Place, Passion|
|Nations participating||71 Commonwealth Teams|
|Events||261 in 17 sports|
|Opening ceremony||23 July 2014|
|Closing ceremony||3 August 2014|
|Queen's Baton Final Runner||TBC|
|Main venue||Celtic Park (opening ceremony)
Hampden Park (closing ceremony)
2014 Commonwealth Games
It will be the largest multi-sport event ever held in Scotland, although the country previously hosted the 1970 and 1986 Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh. Over the last 10 years, however, Glasgow and Scotland had staged World, Commonwealth, European, or British events in all 17 sports proposed for the 2014 Commonwealth Games, including the World Badminton Championships in 1997.
- 1 Selection process
- 2 Preparation
- 3 Participating nations
- 4 Calendar
- 5 Sports
- 6 Games identity
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Scotland was the first country to consider hosting the 2014 Commonwealth Games in 2004, with Scottish cities being invited by the Commonwealth Games Council for Scotland to consider making a bid. In September 2004, Glasgow was announced as the Scottish candidate city over Edinburgh (which hosted the Games in 1970 and 1986, and the inaugural Commonwealth Youth Games in 2000) following a cost-benefit analysis by the Commonwealth Games Council for Scotland. The Scottish Executive under then First Minister of Scotland, Jack McConnell, with the support of the United Kingdom government and all main parties in the Scottish Parliament, formally announced Glasgow's intention to host the games on 16 August 2005.
In March 2006, the bidding process began, with the Glasgow Bid team presenting their case to the Commonwealth Games Federation at the 2006 Commonwealth Games in Melbourne, along with the other confirmed candidate cities; the Nigerian capital, Abuja and Halifax in Canada. In October 2006, the first voting delegates arrived in Glasgow, to inspect the city's existing and proposed amenities and facilities. Glasgow announced on 16 January 2007, the 17 sports to be included should its bid be successful. Halifax later withdrew its bid on 8 March 2007, following the withdrawal of funding from the municipal government.
That left Abuja and Glasgow as the remaining bidders, with Abuja seen as a likely favourite due to the basis of its campaign that an African nation has never before hosted the Commonwealth Games. The deadline for formal submission of bids to the Commonwealth Games Federation, in the form of a Candidate City File, was set for May 2007. Both bids were highly recommended, though Glasgow's bid team had made use of extensive benchmarking against the 2002 Commonwealth Games in Manchester and the 2006 Commonwealth Games in Melbourne and as a result, its bid was deemed technically superior according to the CGF Evaluation Report that was released in September 2007. The Commonwealth Games Evaluation Commission concluded that: "Glasgow has shown it has the ability to stage the 2014 Commonwealth Games to a standard which would continue to enhance the image and prestige of the Games." This put Glasgow ahead in terms of the technical comprehensiveness of its bid.
The final decision on the host city of the 2014 Commonwealth Games was held in Colombo, Sri Lanka on 9 November 2007 at the Commonwealth Games Federation General Assembly, attended by all 71 Commonwealth Games member associations. Each bid city made a presentation to the General Assembly, the order of which was determined by drawing lots. Glasgow's delegation was led by Louise Martin, chair of the Commonwealth Games Council for Scotland, First Minister Alex Salmond, athlete Jamie Quarry and Leader of Glasgow City Council Steven Purcell. The presentation also included a promotional film narrated by Sean Connery. Abuja's delegation was led by General Yakubu Gowon, head of the Abuja 2014 Commonwealth Games bid team.
The CGF members subsequently voted for their preferred candidate in a secret ballot. As there were only two bids, the winner was announced by the CGF President, Mike Fennell, after the first round of voting, with the winner only requiring a simple majority. The results of the bidding process were
|2014 Commonwealth Games bidding results|
One of the key technical aspects of Glasgow's successful bid was the fact that the city already has 70 percent of the planned venues in place. The vast majority of venues are located within 20-minutes driving time of the Athletes' Village in Dalmarnock and are broadly grouped into three clusters; in the East End, South Side and West End districts of the city. The only sports held outside the Greater Glasgow area will be the Diving and Full-Bore Shooting events.
Hampden Park, Scotland's National Football Stadium, located on the South Side, will be the main venue for Athletics and the Closing Ceremony, while Celtic Park, located in the East End, will be used for the Opening Ceremony.
East End Cluster
The Emirates Arena has been constructed at Parkhead in the East End of the city, the velodrome itself is situated opposite Celtic Park, which will be used for the opening ceremony. These venues will become the headquarters of Sportscotland and Scottish Cycling, and will also host Badminton as well as Track cycling.
The Road cycling and Cycling Time-trial events will start and finish at Glasgow Green. Glasgow Green will also be the venue for field hockey and will see the construction of a new Glasgow National Hockey Centre.
The Athletes' Village will be located adjacent to the National Indoor Sports Arena and Velodrome in Dalmarnock at Cuningar Loop on the banks of the River Clyde. The village will form the centrepiece of the wider Clyde Gateway Project, a strategic £1.6 billion inner city regeneration project for the East End of the city. The village masterplan, designed by RMJM, covers a 35 hectare site and will be purpose-built to house 6,000 athletes and officials in 2,500 residential units and leave a legacy of regeneration in this deprived district of the city.
Tollcross Park Aquatics Centre, also in the East End, will be the venue for Race swimming events. It already has one Olympic standard 50-metre swimming pool, which will be extensively upgraded, and a second 50-metre pool is also to be added for the Games as a warm-up facility. The existing permanent seating capacity will also be increased by 1000. Combined with additional temporary seating there will be over 5,000 seats for the Games in 2014.
West End Cluster
The Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre, located in the West End of the city, will host Wrestling, Judo and Boxing, as well as the Main Press Centre and the International Broadcast Centre, benefiting from its strategic position adjacent to the headquarters of BBC Scotland and STV at Pacific Quay. The Clyde Auditorium will host Weightlifting, whilst the new Scottish Hydro Arena will be used for the Gymnastics and Netball events.
Kelvingrove Park, also in the city's West End, will be the venue for Bowls and already has five bowling greens installed for competitive use. A comprehensive upgrade and refurbishment of the park is underway. Kelvingrove Park is situated close to the SECC. Scotstoun Leisure Centre will host Table tennis and Squash.
South Side Cluster
Ibrox Stadium, in the South Side, is the planned venue for the Rugby Sevens tournament. Mountain biking will be held on the Cathkin Braes in Rutherglen, the Royal Burgh neighbouring the City. The marathon course will begin and end on Glasgow Green. Hampden Park in the South Side is hosting all the track and field events.
Diving will be held at the Royal Commonwealth Pool in Edinburgh, located 45 miles (72 km) to the east, which will also be holding the annual Edinburgh Festival at the same time as the 2014 Commonwealth Games.
The Shooting competitions will take place at the Ministry of Defence full-bore rifle and clay target ranges at Barry Buddon, near Dundee, which were also used in the 1986 Commonwealth Games. There will be temporary ranges built for the small-bore rifle and pistol events.
Over two billion pounds will have been spent on enhancements to the city's transport infrastructure by 2014, including completion of major motorway links, such as the M74 and East End Regeneration Route. There are also planned improvements to public transport provision, such as the Clyde Fastlink project and the refurbishment of Dalmarnock railway station and the stations on the Glasgow Subway.
All venues in the Glasgow area will be directly served by the city's extensive railway and subway network, with its main interchange at Glasgow Central/St Enoch, including Hampden Park, as well as the other major venues served by either the central Argyle Line or Subway.
In terms of utilities, Glasgow has a comprehensive mains electricity network supplied by the National Grid, which is operated by Scottish Power and generated from an increasing share of renewable sources, such as Whitelee Wind Farm. More flexible electricity supplies are also readily available, with mobile generating specialists Aggreko, based in the city. Scottish Water operates Glasgow's primary water supply, which is sourced from Loch Katrine and enters the city via the state-of-the-art Milngavie water treatment works. The city has a world class healthcare sector administered by NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde. Police Scotland have a proven track record in providing security at high profile events such as the 2002 UEFA Champions League Final and the 2005 G8 summit. Glasgow currently has some 11,870 hotel rooms, including three 5-star hotels. There are plans for eight new hotels in and around Glasgow. Ranging from 3 to 5 star accommodation; they will collectively provide a further 1,445 beds by 2014. The Glasgow City Marketing Bureau has also obtained contractual agreements from 67 hotels in the city to guarantee room rates with no minimum length of stay. In terms of telecommunications, Glasgow was voted the Intelligent Community of the Year in 2004 by the Intelligent Community Forum, in recognition of the city's comprehensive level of Broadband Internet access and highly developed 3G and Wi-Fi networks.
Financing and administration
On 14 November 2007, the First Minister of Scotland, Alex Salmond, announced that with the disbandment of the Bid Committee, headed by Louise Martin, Chair of the Commonwealth Games Council for Scotland and Bid Director, Derek Casey, a new Organising Committee and formal Business plan, for implementing the 2014 Commonwealth Games and securing its legacy, would be established within 100 days.
The Scottish Government and Glasgow City Council have agreed to underwrite the Organising Committee's net running costs of staging the Games, which is currently budgeted at £523.6m. This will be on the basis of an 80/20 split. It is expected that the majority of the 80% of costs to be covered by the Scottish Government will be new money committed to the sports and major events budget. Other capital expenditure is taking place in addition to the Organising Committee's budget, principally on venue infrastructure. Only three entirely new venues are required to stage the games, which are budgeted at a combined total of £200 million and additions to existing venues will cost an additional £70 million, although most of this investment had been planned to take place regardless of the bid result. The Games Village is projected to cost some £229 million and will be developed through a Public Private Partnership scheme. Following the announcement on 9 November 2007 that Glasgow will host the Games, the Scottish Parliament passed the Glasgow Commonwealth Games Bill. This legislation aims to protect the Games from Ambush marketing and ticket touts, while putting powers in place to address matters such as transport and land purchase. The Glasgow Commonwealth Games Act 2008, received Royal Assent on 10 June 2008
On 8 February 2008, Sir Robert Smith was appointed as Chair of the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games organising company. Smith is the former Chairman of the Weir Group, CEO of Morgan Grenfell Private Equity and BBC Governor and chairman for the Broadcasting Council for Scotland.
As reported by Olympic news source, Glasgow 2014 chief executive John Scott resigned in June 2011 after "accepting, and not declaring, an offer from one of Glasgow 2014's potential Suppliers, in breach of the Organising Committee's strict Gifts and Gratuities policy." Smith announced that David Grevemberg, the chief operating officer, will take over for Scott until a permanent replacement is named.
There will be 71 participating nations at the 2014 Commonwealth Games. On 7 October 2013, The Gambia, having withdrawn from the Commonwealth five days earlier, confirmed that it would not be taking part in the games.
The following table shows a summary of the competition schedule.
|OC||Opening ceremony||●||Event competitions||1||Event finals||CC||Closing ceremony|
There are a total of 17 sports and 261 medal events that will be contested at the 2014 Commonwealth Games. A record 22 para-sport events will be contested in five different sports (athletics, cycling, lawn bowls, swimming and weightlifting) para track cycling will be held for the very first time. Archery and tennis from the 2010 games were replaced on the sports program with triathlon (for the first time since 2006) and judo (first time since 2002). Among sport disciplines removed from 2010 include the walking events in athletics, synchronised swimming and Greco-Roman wrestling, while mountain biking will be contested for the first time since 2006. Shooting medal events also dropped from 44 in 2010 to 19. Among new disciplines on the Commonwealth Games program for the first time are the triathlon mixed relay event, more shooting medal chances for women and the addition of women's boxing to the program.
Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of medal events contested in each sport.
Bid and interim logo
The interim logo for the Games was first used during Glasgow's bid, with the "Candidate City" section removed following 9 November 2007, when the bid was approved. The logo depicts two Sprinters woven into a tartan motif, representing Scotland. The logo also vaguely resembles the Clyde Auditorium, one of Glasgow's most recognisable landmarks. The pattern, forming the Roman numerals XX, also represents 20th edition of the Commonwealth Games. The text is more specifically Glaswegian, with its stylised Mackintosh font. A flag featuring the logo was used extensively during the bid process. The flag was flown above Merchant House in George Square daily.
The official logo for the 2014 Commonwealth Games was unveiled on Commonwealth Day, 8 March 2010. Designed by Marque Creative, it was inspired by three factors, time, data and measurement. Its rings are proportioned to represent the 20th Commonwealth Games, across 17 sports, over 11 days in 1 city. An animated version of the logo has also been produced.
- "Bòrd na Gàidhlig welcomes the Gaelic version of the logo for the Glaschu 2014 Commonwealth Games and we have been happy to work with the Glaschu 2014 team in helping them develop their identity. Given the unique importance of Gaelic to Scotland and the many Scots in the diaspora throughout the Commonwealth, we believe it should be seen, heard and spoken as widely as possible.
- "Given the worldwide interest there will be in the Games when they take place in Glasgow, a city with a large number of Gaelic speakers, we believe they offer an exciting opportunity for Gaelic to be seen and, we hope, heard and appreciated in an international setting. We hope this is just the start; we wish the Games well and look forward to working further with Glaschu 2014 to enhance the status of Gaelic within this hugely significant event."
The full Games identity was developed by Glasgow design studio Tangent Graphic, the lead creative agency. Tangent's first major project was the official sport Pictograms, launched on 23 July 2011.
Clyde, a thistle named after the river which flows through the centre of Glasgow, will be the official mascot of the 2014 Commonwealth Games. The mascot was designed by Beth Gilmour, who won a competition run by Glasgow 2014 for children to design the Mascot. Beth's drawing was then brought to life by digital agency NERV who turned it into a commercial character, created a full backstory and gave it a name – Clyde and created his own website. Clyde was finally revealed in a seven-minute animated film created by Nerv at a ceremony at BBC Scotland's headquarters in Glasgow. The organiser, Glasgow 2014, said the mascot's design was chosen, because of its "Scottish symbolism and Glaswegian charm and likeability".
- Candidate City File: Glasgow's credentials (page 121)
- Blair enjoys Games as tour begins
- "BBC News:Scotland:Final push for Glasgow 2014 Games". BBC News website (BBC News). 5 November 2007.
- BBC News – Glasgow launches Commonwealth bid
- BBC Sport – Glasgow reveals 2014 bid sports
- BBC News – Commonwealth bid city pulls out
- BBC News – Nigerians keen to host games
- Glasgow 2014 – The Story so far[dead link]
- BBC News – City ahead in Commonwealth race
- Glasgow 2014 Presentation Transcript[dead link]
- Glasgow 2014 – The Venues[dead link]
- BBC News – Regeneration scheme funding boost
- Clyde Gateway Project overview[dead link]
- Evaluation Report (Page 88)
- Candidate City File (Page 49)
- SPT Subway extension plan
- Evaluation Report (Page 177)
- Evaluation Report (Page 71)
- IFDS Glasgow[dead link]
- Scotland.org – 'Intelligent Community of the Year-2004'
- BBC News – City 'nets' new broadband award
- Glasgow 2014 – Message from the First Minister on the Organising Company
- Evaluation Report (Page 70)
- City File (Page 130)
- Glasgow Commonwealth Games Bill
- News Games Head
- "Glasgow 2014 Chief Executive Resigns". Aroundtherings.com. 27 June 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
- Brocklehurst, Steven (2013-03-11). "BBC News - Glasgow 2014: What is the Queen's Baton Relay?". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
- "The Gambia withdraw from Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games". Daily Mail. DMG Media. 2013-10-06. Retrieved 2014-06-19.
- "Anguilla’s Team Selected for the XX Commonwealth Games". http://anguillacommonwealthgames.com. 30 June 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
- "Meet Our Glasgow 2014 Chef de Mission!". http://antiguaolympiccommittee.com/. The Antigua and Barbuda Olympic Association. 27 June 2014. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- "69-member contingent to represent B’desh in Commonwealth Games". http://unbconnect.com/. UB Connect. 25 May 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "12 For Commonwealth Games". 7 News Belize. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Bermuda's 18-strong Commonwealth squad announced". Bermuda Sun. 20 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- Keetile, Portia (6 July 2014). "Bermuda's 18-strong Commonwealth squad announced". Daily News (Botswana) (Gaborone, Botswana: BOPA). Retrieved 7 July 2014.
- "10 Athletes For Glasgow Commonwealth Games". Virgin Islands Platinum News. 7 July 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
- "Susan Nattrass named Commonwealth Games flag-bearer". CBC Sports (Toronto, Ontario, Canada: CBC). 26 June 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- Vubemtoh, Fred (8 July 2014). "Cameroonian Athletes In Aberdeen For Commonwealth Games". Cameroon Tribune. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- Anderson, Gary (30 May 2014). "Cayman Islands names biggest ever Commonwealth Games squad for Glasgow 2014". Insidethegames (Insidethegames.biz). Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "Cook Islands 2014 Commonwealth Games Team". http://www.cookislands.org.uk/. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- Anderson, Gary (18 May 2014). "Falkland Islands names largest ever squad as 25 athletes set to compete at Glasgow 2014". Insidethegames (Insidethegames.biz). Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "Fiji confirms names for Commonwealth Games", FijiLive, 6 June 2014
- "Kirani James leads 16-member Grenada team to Commonwealth Games". Jamaica Observer (St. George's, Grenada). 10 July 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- "Glasgow 2014: Guernsey name Commonwealth Games team". BBC. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "GOA names team for 2014 Commonwealth Games". SportsDesk. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
- "India to send 224 athletes in Glasgow Commonwealth Games". Deccan Herald. 11 July 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
- Anderson, Gary (18 May 2014). "Cyclists Cavendish and Kennaugh head largest ever Isle of Man squad for Glasgow 2014". Insidethegames (Insidethegames.biz). Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "114-member team for Commonwealth Games". Jamaica Observer (Kingston, Jamaica). 3 July 2014. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- "Le Couilliard to carry Jersey flag". Channel Online Tv. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
- Singh, Aftar (11 June 2014). "Nicol to lead Asia, Chong Wei to lead M'sia at CWG". The Star (Malaysia). Retrieved 26 June 2014.
- "Commonwealth Games 2014". http://www.nocmaldives.org/. Maldives Olympic Committee. 2 June 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
- "35 Namibian athletes to Commonwealth Games". The Namibian. 7 July 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
- "Team complete with hockey naming". New Zealand Olympic Committee. 8 July 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- Abbasi, Kashif (23 June 2014). "Northern Ireland sends biggest ever team to Commonwealth Games". The News Letter (Belfast, Northern Ireland). Retrieved 25 June 2014.
- "Inam eyes repeat of gold feat in Glasgow". Dawn (Islamabad, Pakistan). 12 July 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
- "Team PNG Set To Make Their Mark Offshore". EM TV. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
- Mugabe, Bonnie (18 June 2014). "Rwanda: RNOC Pick Team for Glasgow Games". AllAfrica.com. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
- "St Helena Team Leaves for Commonwealth Games". St. Helena Independent. 11 July 2014. p. 3. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
- "Twelve to represent St Kitts and Nevis at Commonwealth Games". http://grenadasports.gd/. 7 July 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- "St.Lucia has its largest contingent yet to the Commonwealth Games". http://www.caribbeanhotfm.com/. 12 July 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
- "SVG Names Team for Commonwealth Games". http://grenadasports.gd/svg-names-team-commonwealth-games/. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- "Sport: Samoa eyes record haul in Glasgow". http://www.radionz.co.nz/. Radio New Zealand International. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- Anderson, Gary (12 June 2014). "Hosts Scotland reveal final names in largest ever Commonwealth Games squad for Glasgow 2014". Insidethegames (Insidethegames.biz). Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- Yong Teck, Lim (2 July 2014). "Dual-contingent flag presentation ceremony mark start of Singapore’s 2014 Commonwealth Games and YOG journey". Red Sports. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- "Sport: Solomon Islands confident of winning first Commonwealth medal". http://www.radionz.co.nz/. Radio New Zealand International. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
- Wasala, Chinthana (27 June 2014). "Nishanthe Piyasena appointed Chef-de Mission". Daily News (Sri Lanka). Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- "Team Uganda Members To Get UGX 2.1M Commonwealth Games Allowance". http://ugandaradionetwork.com/. Uganda Radio Network. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
- "Family matters for Vanuatu's Commonwealth Games Team". http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/. Radio Australia. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- Southcombe, Matthew (4 July 2014). "Commonwealth Games 2014: The team has been finalised - meet the athletes who will represent Wales in Glasgow". WalesOnline (Media Wales). Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Full competition schedule". Glasgow 2014 Ltd. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- "Medal Event Programme for Glasgow 2014". Australian Commonwealth Games Association. 25 November 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- "Glasgow 2014 to Stage Biggest Ever Commonwealth Para-Sport Programme". International Paralympic Committee. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- "No Triathlon at Delhi Games". Isle of Man Newspapers. 10 February 2007. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- "Glasgow 2014 Sports Programme Finalized". www.glasgow2014.com. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- "Commonwealth Games 2014: Women's boxing included". BBC. 2 October 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- britishflags.net, Glasgow Commonwealth Games Logo
- Glasgow launches new logo for 2014 Commonwealth Games
- Glasgow 2014 Logo Animation
- Unveils identity | Glasgow 2014 – Commonwealth Games. Glasgow 2014 (8 March 2010). Retrieved on 17 July 2013.
- "Thistle man Clyde is Glasgow Commonwealth Games mascot". BBC News Glasgow and West Scotland (British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)). 20 September 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games.|
- Official website
- Glasgow 2014 Candidate City File
- Commonwealth Games 2014 News
- 2014 Commonwealth Games Evaluation Report
- Commonwealth Games information – Clyde Waterfront
- SECC National Arena – Clyde Waterfront project details
- Commonwealth Games Medals Table 2014
- Clyde Mascot Website
- Commonwealth Games 2014 Medal Tally
XX Commonwealth Games
Gold Coast 2018