2014 Commonwealth Games

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
XX Commonwealth Games
2014 Commonwealth Games Logo.svg
Host city Glasgow, Scotland
Motto People, Place, Passion
Nations participating 71 Commonwealth Teams
Athletes participating 4,947[1]
Events 261 in 17 sports
Opening ceremony 23 July 2014
Closing ceremony 3 August 2014
Officially opened by Elizabeth II
Queen's Baton Final Runner Sir Chris Hoy
Main venue Celtic Park (opening ceremony)
Hampden Park (closing ceremony)
Website www.glasgow2014.com
XIX XXI  >

2014 Commonwealth Games

The 2014 Commonwealth Games (officially the XX Commonwealth Games) are being held in Glasgow, Scotland, from 23 July to 3 August 2014.

It is the largest multi-sport event ever held in Scotland with around 4,950 athletes from 71 different nations and territories competing in 17 different sports, although the country previously hosted the 1970 and 1986 Commonwealth Games in Edinburgh. Over the last 10 years, however, Glasgow and Scotland had staged World, Commonwealth, European, or British events in all 17 sports proposed for the 2014 Commonwealth Games, including the World Badminton Championships in 1997.[2]

Selection process[edit]

Special liveries in support of Glasgow's bid were applied to numerous subway carriages.

Scotland was the first country to consider hosting the 2014 Commonwealth Games in 2004, with Scottish cities being invited by the Commonwealth Games Council for Scotland to consider making a bid. In September 2004, Glasgow was announced as the Scottish candidate city over Edinburgh (which hosted the Games in 1970 and 1986, and the inaugural Commonwealth Youth Games in 2000) following a cost-benefit analysis by the Commonwealth Games Council for Scotland. The Scottish Executive under then First Minister of Scotland, Jack McConnell, with the support of the United Kingdom government and all main parties in the Scottish Parliament, formally announced Glasgow's intention to host the games on 16 August 2005.[3][4]

In March 2006, the bidding process began, with the Glasgow Bid team presenting their case to the Commonwealth Games Federation at the 2006 Commonwealth Games in Melbourne, along with the other confirmed candidate cities; the Nigerian capital, Abuja and Halifax in Canada.[5] In October 2006, the first voting delegates arrived in Glasgow, to inspect the city's existing and proposed amenities and facilities. Glasgow announced on 16 January 2007, the 17 sports to be included should its bid be successful.[6] Halifax later withdrew its bid on 8 March 2007, following the withdrawal of funding from the municipal government.[7]

Glasgow city centre.

That left Abuja and Glasgow as the remaining bidders, with Abuja seen as a likely favourite due to the basis of its campaign that an African nation has never before hosted the Commonwealth Games.[8] The deadline for formal submission of bids to the Commonwealth Games Federation, in the form of a Candidate City File, was set for May 2007.[9] Both bids were highly recommended, though Glasgow's bid team had made use of extensive benchmarking against the 2002 Commonwealth Games in Manchester and the 2006 Commonwealth Games in Melbourne and as a result, its bid was deemed technically superior according to the CGF Evaluation Report that was released in September 2007. The Commonwealth Games Evaluation Commission concluded that: "Glasgow has shown it has the ability to stage the 2014 Commonwealth Games to a standard which would continue to enhance the image and prestige of the Games." This put Glasgow ahead in terms of the technical comprehensiveness of its bid.[10]

The final decision on the host city of the 2014 Commonwealth Games was held in Colombo, Sri Lanka on 9 November 2007 at the Commonwealth Games Federation General Assembly, attended by all 71 Commonwealth Games member associations. Each bid city made a presentation to the General Assembly, the order of which was determined by drawing lots. Glasgow's delegation was led by Louise Martin, chair of the Commonwealth Games Council for Scotland, First Minister Alex Salmond, athlete Jamie Quarry and Leader of Glasgow City Council Steven Purcell. The presentation also included a promotional film narrated by Sean Connery.[11] Abuja's delegation was led by General Yakubu Gowon, head of the Abuja 2014 Commonwealth Games bid team.

The CGF members subsequently voted for their preferred candidate in a secret ballot. As there were only two bids, the winner was announced by the CGF President, Mike Fennel, after the first round of voting, with the winner only requiring a simple majority. The results of the bidding process were as follows:

2014 Commonwealth Games bidding results
City Country Votes
Glasgow  Scotland 47
Abuja  Nigeria 24

Participating nations[edit]

There are 71 participating nations at the 2014 Commonwealth Games with approximately 4,950 competing athletes making it one of the largest commonwealth games staged to date. On 7 October 2013, The Gambia, having withdrawn from the Commonwealth five days earlier, confirmed that it would not be taking part in the games.[12]

Participating Commonwealth countries and territories

Calendar[edit]

The following table shows a summary of the competition schedule.[86]

All times are in BST (UTC+1)
OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Event finals CC Closing ceremony
July/August 23
Wed
24
Thu
25
Fri
26
Sat
27
Sun
28
Mon
29
Tue
30
Wed
31
Thu
1
Fri
2
Sat
3
Sun
Events
Ceremonies OC CC
Athletics 4 7 7 7 9 7 9 50
Badminton 1 5 6
Boxing 13 11
Cycling 4 4 5 4 2 2 2 23
Diving 3 2 3 2 10
Gymnastics 1 1 4 2 2 5 5 20
Hockey 1 1 2
Judo 5 4 5 14
Lawn bowls 1 2 2 2 3 10
Netball 1 1
Rugby sevens 1 1
Shooting 3 5 2 4 5 19
Squash 2 1 2 5
Swimming 6 8 7 7 8 8 44
Table tennis 1 1 2 3 7
Triathlon 2 1 3
Weightlifting 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 4 19
Wrestling 5 5 4 14
Total Events 20 22 30 23 27 31 19 25 20 33 11 261
Cumulative total 20 42 72 95 122 153 172 197 217 250 261
July/August 23
Wed
24
Thu
25
Fri
26
Sat
27
Sun
28
Mon
29
Tue
30
Wed
31
Thu
1
Fri
2
Sat
3
Sun
Events

Sports[edit]

There are a total of 20 sports and 261 medal events that will be contested at the 2014 Commonwealth Games.[87] A record 22 para-sport events will be contested in five different sports (athletics, cycling, lawn bowls, swimming and weightlifting) para track cycling will be held for the very first time.[88] Archery and tennis from the 2010 games were replaced on the sports program with triathlon (for the first time since 2006)[89] and judo (first time since 2002). Among sport disciplines removed from 2010 include the walking events in athletics, synchronised swimming and Greco-Roman wrestling, while mountain biking will be contested for the first time since 2006. Shooting medal events also dropped from 44 in 2010 to 19. Among new disciplines on the Commonwealth Games program for the first time are the triathlon mixed relay event, more shooting medal chances for women and the addition of women's boxing to the program.[90][91]

Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of medal events contested in each sport.

Medal table[edit]

Only the top ten nations by medal rank are shown in this medal table. Nations are ranked first by count of gold medals, then silver medals, then bronze medals.

The ranking in this table is consistent with International Olympic Committee convention in its published medal tables. By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won (in this context, a "nation" is an entity represented by a Commonwealth Games Association). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically by their three letter country code.[92][93]

  Host nation (Scotland)
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Australia (AUS) 30 25 32 87
2  England (ENG) 27 24 23 74
3  Scotland (SCO) 13 8 12 33
4  South Africa (RSA) 9 7 8 24
5  Canada (CAN) 9 3 12 24
6  New Zealand (NZL) 8 8 11 27
7  India (IND) 7 12 7 26
8  Wales (WAL) 3 9 10 22
9  Malaysia (MAS) 3 5 4 12
10  Nigeria (NGR) 3 4 3 10
Total 122 122 137 381

Games identity[edit]

[edit]

Interim and bid logo.

The interim logo for the Games was first used during Glasgow's bid, with the "Candidate City" section removed following 9 November 2007, when the bid was approved. The logo depicts two sprinters woven into a tartan motif, representing Scotland. The logo also vaguely resembles the Clyde Auditorium, one of Glasgow's most recognisable landmarks. The pattern, forming the Roman numerals XX, also represents 20th edition of the Commonwealth Games. The text is more specifically Glaswegian, with its stylised Mackintosh font. A flag featuring the logo was used extensively during the bid process. The flag was flown above Merchant House in George Square daily.[94]

[edit]

The official logo for the 2014 Commonwealth Games was unveiled on Commonwealth Day, 8 March 2010.[95] Designed by Marque Creative, it was inspired by three factors, time, data and measurement. Its rings are proportioned to represent the 20th Commonwealth Games, across 17 sports, over 11 days in 1 city. An animated version of the logo has also been produced.[96]

There is also a version of the logo in Scottish Gaelic. Arthur Cormack, the Chair of Bòrd na Gàidhlig, made the following official statement:

"Bòrd na Gàidhlig welcomes the Gaelic version of the logo for the Glaschu 2014 Commonwealth Games and we have been happy to work with the Glaschu 2014 team in helping them develop their identity. Given the unique importance of Gaelic to Scotland and the many Scots in the diaspora throughout the Commonwealth, we believe it should be seen, heard and spoken as widely as possible."
"Given the worldwide interest there will be in the Games when they take place in Glasgow, a city with a large number of Gaelic speakers, we believe they offer an exciting opportunity for Gaelic to be seen and, we hope, heard and appreciated in an international setting. We hope this is just the start; we wish the Games well and look forward to working further with Glaschu 2014 to enhance the status of Gaelic within this hugely significant event."[97]

The full Games identity was developed by Glasgow design studio Tangent Graphic, the lead creative agency. Tangent's first major project was the official sport Pictograms, launched on 23 July 2011.

The official website was built in phases, delivered by Dog Digital and Blonde.

Mascot[edit]

Clyde, a thistle named after the river which flows through the centre of Glasgow, will be the official mascot of the 2014 Commonwealth Games. The mascot was designed by Beth Gilmour, who won a competition run by Glasgow 2014 for children to design the Mascot. Beth's drawing was then brought to life by digital agency NERV who turned it into a commercial character, created a full backstory and gave it a name – Clyde and created his own website. Clyde was finally revealed in a seven-minute animated film created by Nerv at a ceremony at BBC Scotland's headquarters in Glasgow. The organiser, Glasgow 2014, said the mascot's design was chosen, because of its "Scottish symbolism and Glaswegian charm and likeability".[98]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Number of Competitors in Commonwealth Games 2014 - From website india.com (See bottom of article)
  2. ^ Candidate City File: Glasgow's credentials (page 121)
  3. ^ Blair enjoys Games as tour begins
  4. ^ "BBC News:Scotland:Final push for Glasgow 2014 Games". BBC News (BBC News). 5 November 2007. 
  5. ^ BBC News – Glasgow launches Commonwealth bid
  6. ^ BBC Sport – Glasgow reveals 2014 bid sports
  7. ^ BBC News – Commonwealth bid city pulls out
  8. ^ BBC News – Nigerians keen to host games
  9. ^ Glasgow 2014 – The Story so far[dead link]
  10. ^ BBC News – City ahead in Commonwealth race
  11. ^ Glasgow 2014 Presentation Transcript[dead link]
  12. ^ "The Gambia withdraw from Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games". Daily Mail. DMG Media. 6 October 2013. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 
  13. ^ "Anguilla’s Team Selected for the XX Commonwealth Games". http://anguillacommonwealthgames.com. 30 June 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2014. 
  14. ^ "Meet Our Glasgow 2014 Chef de Mission!". http://antiguaolympiccommittee.com/. The Antigua and Barbuda Olympic Association. 27 June 2014. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  15. ^ "Australia Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  16. ^ "Bahamas Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  17. ^ "69-member contingent to represent B’desh in Commonwealth Games". http://unbconnect.com/. UB Connect. 25 May 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  18. ^ "Barbados Commonwealth Games Contingent 2014". http://www.olympic.org.bb/. Barbados Olympic Association. 13 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  19. ^ "12 For Commonwealth Games". 7 News Belize. 15 July 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  20. ^ "Bermuda's 18-strong Commonwealth squad announced". Bermuda Sun. 20 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  21. ^ Keetile, Portia (6 July 2014). "Bermuda's 18-strong Commonwealth squad announced". Daily News (Botswana) (Gaborone, Botswana: BOPA). Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  22. ^ "10 Athletes For Glasgow Commonwealth Games". Virgin Islands Platinum News. 7 July 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  23. ^ Salleh, Ak Fauzi (19 July 2014). "National cyclist to represent Brunei at Commonwealth Games in Scotland". Brunei Times (Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei). Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  24. ^ Vubemtoh, Fred (8 July 2014). "Cameroonian Athletes In Aberdeen For Commonwealth Games". Cameroon Tribune. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  25. ^ "Susan Nattrass named Commonwealth Games flag-bearer". CBC Sports (Toronto, Ontario, Canada: CBC). 26 June 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014. 
  26. ^ Anderson, Gary (30 May 2014). "Cayman Islands names biggest ever Commonwealth Games squad for Glasgow 2014". Insidethegames (Insidethegames.biz). Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  27. ^ "Cook Islands 2014 Commonwealth Games Team". http://www.cookislands.org.uk/. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  28. ^ "Cypriot athletes aim to outdo themselves". http://incyprus.philenews.com/. 16 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  29. ^ "Dominica Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  30. ^ "TEAM ENGLAND 2014". Commonwealth Games England. 
  31. ^ Anderson, Gary (18 May 2014). "Falkland Islands names largest ever squad as 25 athletes set to compete at Glasgow 2014". Insidethegames (Insidethegames.biz). Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  32. ^ "Fiji confirms names for Commonwealth Games", FijiLive, 6 June 2014
  33. ^ "Ghana Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  34. ^ "Jul 14 - Team Gibraltar to Take on the Commonwealth Games". hhttp://www.yourgibraltartv.com/. 14 July 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  35. ^ "Kirani James leads 16-member Grenada team to Commonwealth Games". Jamaica Observer (St. George's, Grenada). 10 July 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  36. ^ "Glasgow 2014: Guernsey name Commonwealth Games team". BBC. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  37. ^ "GOA names team for 2014 Commonwealth Games". SportsDesk. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  38. ^ "India to send 215 athletes in Glasgow Commonwealth Games". Deccan Herald. 11 July 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2014. 
  39. ^ Amit Tansarye (25 July 2014). "India at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, Scotland - Player List And Much More [Video]". MrPopat.In. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  40. ^ Anderson, Gary (18 May 2014). "Cyclists Cavendish and Kennaugh head largest ever Isle of Man squad for Glasgow 2014". Insidethegames (Insidethegames.biz). Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  41. ^ "114-member team for Commonwealth Games". Jamaica Observer (Kingston, Jamaica). 3 July 2014. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  42. ^ "Le Couilliard to carry Jersey flag". Channel Online Tv. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  43. ^ "Kenya Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  44. ^ "Kiribati Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  45. ^ "Lesotho Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  46. ^ "Malawi Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  47. ^ Singh, Aftar (11 June 2014). "Nicol to lead Asia, Chong Wei to lead M'sia at CWG". The Star (Malaysia). Retrieved 26 June 2014. 
  48. ^ "Commonwealth Games 2014". http://www.nocmaldives.org/. Maldives Olympic Committee. 2 June 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  49. ^ "Malta Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  50. ^ "Mauritius Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  51. ^ "Montserrat Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  52. ^ "Mozambique Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  53. ^ "35 Namibian athletes to Commonwealth Games". The Namibian. 7 July 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  54. ^ "Nauru Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  55. ^ "Team complete with hockey naming". New Zealand Olympic Committee. 8 July 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  56. ^ "Nigeria Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  57. ^ "Niue Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  58. ^ "Norfolk Island Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  59. ^ Abbasi, Kashif (23 June 2014). "Northern Ireland sends biggest ever team to Commonwealth Games". The News Letter (Belfast, Northern Ireland). Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  60. ^ "Pakistan to send 62-member contingent to Commonwealth Games". The Express Tribune (Islamabad, Pakistan). 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  61. ^ "Team PNG Set To Make Their Mark Offshore". EM TV. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  62. ^ Mugabe, Bonnie (18 June 2014). "Rwanda: RNOC Pick Team for Glasgow Games". AllAfrica.com. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  63. ^ "St Helena Team Leaves for Commonwealth Games". St. Helena Independent. 11 July 2014. p. 3. Retrieved 11 July 2014. 
  64. ^ "Twelve to represent St Kitts and Nevis at Commonwealth Games". http://grenadasports.gd/. 7 July 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  65. ^ "St.Lucia has its largest contingent yet to the Commonwealth Games". http://www.caribbeanhotfm.com/. 12 July 2014. Retrieved 12 July 2014. 
  66. ^ "SVG Names Team for Commonwealth Games". http://grenadasports.gd/svg-names-team-commonwealth-games/. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  67. ^ "Sport: Samoa eyes record haul in Glasgow". http://www.radionz.co.nz/. Radio New Zealand International. 2 July 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  68. ^ Anderson, Gary (12 June 2014). "Hosts Scotland reveal final names in largest ever Commonwealth Games squad for Glasgow 2014". Insidethegames (Insidethegames.biz). Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  69. ^ "Seychelles Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  70. ^ Morris Jr, Shar (16 July 2014). "Commonwealth Games Delegation Bids Farewell To President Koroma". http://www.africansportstv.net/. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  71. ^ Yong Teck, Lim (2 July 2014). "Dual-contingent flag presentation ceremony mark start of Singapore’s 2014 Commonwealth Games and YOG journey". Red Sports. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  72. ^ "Sport: Solomon Islands confident of winning first Commonwealth medal". http://www.radionz.co.nz/. Radio New Zealand International. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 11 July 2014. 
  73. ^ Jackman, Rebecca (16 July 2014). "SA’s finest off to Commonwealth Games". Daily News. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  74. ^ Wasala, Chinthana (27 June 2014). "Nishanthe Piyasena appointed Chef-de Mission". Daily News (Sri Lanka). Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  75. ^ "Swaziland Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  76. ^ Kimaro, Frank (17 July 2014). "Confident Team Tanzania Jet Off". Daily News. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  77. ^ "Sport: Tonga pin Commonwealth hopes on boxing repeat". http://www.radionz.co.nz/. Radio New Zealand International. 13 July 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  78. ^ "TTOC NAME 148 FOR COMMONWEALTH GAMES". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. Retrieved 12 June 2014. 
  79. ^ "COMMONWEALTH TRACK AND FIELD TEAM NAMED". Trinidad and Tobago Newsday. Retrieved 29 June 2014. 
  80. ^ "Turks and Caicos Islands Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  81. ^ "Tuvalu Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  82. ^ "Team Uganda Members To Get UGX 2.1M Commonwealth Games Allowance". http://ugandaradionetwork.com/. Uganda Radio Network. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  83. ^ "Family matters for Vanuatu's Commonwealth Games Team". http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/. Radio Australia. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  84. ^ Southcombe, Matthew (4 July 2014). "Commonwealth Games 2014: The team has been finalised - meet the athletes who will represent Wales in Glasgow". WalesOnline (Media Wales). Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  85. ^ "Zambia Nation's Athletes". http://results.glasgow2014.com/. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  86. ^ "Full competition schedule". Glasgow 2014 Ltd. Retrieved 28 September 2013. 
  87. ^ "Medal Event Programme for Glasgow 2014". Australian Commonwealth Games Association. 25 November 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  88. ^ "Glasgow 2014 to Stage Biggest Ever Commonwealth Para-Sport Programme". International Paralympic Committee. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  89. ^ "No Triathlon at Delhi Games". Isle of Man Newspapers. 10 February 2007. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  90. ^ "Glasgow 2014 Sports Programme Finalised". www.glasgow2014.com. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  91. ^ "Commonwealth Games 2014: Women's boxing included". BBC. 2 October 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  92. ^ "Medal Table - Glasgow 2014 - BBC Sport". 16 July 2014. 
  93. ^ "Medal Table - Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games". Glasgow 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  94. ^ britishflags.net, Glasgow Commonwealth Games Logo
  95. ^ Glasgow launches new logo for 2014 Commonwealth Games
  96. ^ Glasgow 2014 Logo Animation
  97. ^ Unveils identity | Glasgow 2014 – Commonwealth Games. Glasgow 2014 (8 March 2010). Retrieved on 17 July 2013."
  98. ^ "Thistle man Clyde is Glasgow Commonwealth Games mascot". BBC News Glasgow and West Scotland (British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)). 20 September 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Delhi 2010
Commonwealth Games
Host city
XX Commonwealth Games
Succeeded by
Gold Coast 2018