2014 FIFA World Cup

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2014 FIFA World Cup
Copa do Mundo da FIFA
Brasil 2014[nb 1]

2014 FIFA World Cup logo
Tournament details
Host country Brazil
Dates 12 June – 13 July
Teams 32 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s) 12 (in 12 host cities)
2010
2018

The 2014 FIFA World Cup will be the 20th FIFA World Cup, an international men's football tournament that is scheduled to take place in Brazil from 12 June to 13 July 2014.[1] It will be the second time that Brazil has hosted the competition, the previous being in 1950. Brazil was elected unchallenged as host nation in 2007 after the international football federation, FIFA, decreed that the tournament would be staged in South America for the first time since 1978 in Argentina, and the fifth time overall.

The national teams of 31 countries advanced through qualification competitions that began in June 2011 to participate with the host nation Brazil in the final tournament. A total of 64 matches are to be played in twelve cities across Brazil in either new or redeveloped stadiums, with the tournament beginning with a group stage. For the first time at a World Cup Finals, the matches will use goal-line technology.[2]

With the host country, all world champion teams since the first World Cup in 1930 (Uruguay, Italy, Germany, England, Argentina, France and Spain) have qualified for this competition. Spain is the defending champion, having defeated the Netherlands 1–0 in the 2010 World Cup final to win its first World title. The previous four World Cups staged in South America were all won by South American teams.[3]

Host selection

Sepp Blatter announcing Brazil as the hosts of the 2014 FIFA World Cup

On 7 March 2003, FIFA announced that the tournament would be held in South America for the first time since 1978, in line with its then-active policy of rotating the right to host the World Cup among different confederations.[4][5] The decision meant that it would be the first time that two consecutive World Cups will be staged outside Europe.

On 3 June 2003, the South American Football Confederation CONMEBOL initially announced that Argentina, Brazil, and Colombia wanted to host the finals.[6] but, by March 2004, the CONMEBOL associations had unanimously voted to adopt Brazil as their sole candidate.[7]

During the intervening months, Colombia decided that it would enter its own bid,[8] and formally declared its candidacy in December 2006.[9] A week earlier Brazil had also formally announced its interest.[10]

However, Colombia officially withdrew its bid in April 2007, leaving Brazil as the only host candidate.[11] On 30 October 2007 FIFA officially confirmed that Brazil would host the event.[12]

Qualification

The allocation of places for the final tournament was decided on 3 March 2011, with the distribution of the 31 places determined through the qualification process unchanged from that of the previous tournament.[13] The qualification draw for the 2014 World Cup was held at the Marina da Glória in Rio de Janeiro on 30 July 2011.[14][15] As the host nation, Brazil automatically qualified for the tournament.

203 of the 208 FIFA national teams at the time participated in the qualification stages, which began on 15 June 2011 and concluded on 20 November 2013. 24 of the 32 eventual qualifiers were present at the previous tournament, with the only debutant being Bosnia and Herzegovina, which qualified for the first time as an independent nation.[16] The highest-ranked absentee according to FIFA World Rankings will be Ukraine,[17] while the OFC region will have no representation at a World Cup Finals for the first time since 2002.

Qualified teams

The following 32 teams, shown with October 2013 rankings used for seeding in the draw,[18] qualified for the final tournament.

Prize money

Each participating team will receive at least US$8 million. The World Champions will receive $35 million, while the runners-up will receive $25 million. Teams that lose in the round of 16 will receive $9 million, and the quarter-finalists receive $14 million. The clubs in which the players are playing for at the time of their World Cup departure will receive $70 million as a compensation for insurance costs and expenses, which will be distributed through their national associations. Overall, FIFA will allocate $576 million, a new record, and an increase from the $420 million allocated in South Africa.[19]

Venues

Dilma Rousseff (2nd from the right) and Pelé (center) following the works in Belo Horizonte

Eighteen locations were presented as potential World Cup host cities: Belém, Belo Horizonte, Brasília, Campo Grande, Cuiabá, Curitiba, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Goiânia, Maceió, Manaus, Natal, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio Branco, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and São Paulo.[20]

FIFA proposes that no more than one city may use two stadiums, and the number of host cities is limited between eight and ten. The proposal of Ricardo Teixeira, the then-Head of the Brazilian Football Confederation, to use twelve host cities in "the interest of the whole country" was however accepted by FIFA in December 2008.[21]

The twelve host cities were announced on 31 May 2009, with Belém, Campo Grande, Florianópolis, Goiânia and Rio Branco being rejected;[22] Maceió had already withdrawn in January 2009. The twelve selections – each the capital of its state – cover all the main regions of Brazil and create more evenly distributed hosting than the 1950 finals in Brazil provided, when matches were concentrated in the south-east and south.[23] As a result the tournament will require significant long-distance travel for teams.[24]

A reported US$3.47 billion has been spent on stadium projects.[25] Five of the chosen host cities have brand new venues built specifically for the World Cup, while the Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha in the capital Brasilia was demolished and rebuilt, and the remaining six are being extensively renovated.[26] The Estádio do Maracanã in Rio de Janeiro, which already holds the record attendance for a FIFA World Cup Finals match (199,854), is the largest of the stadiums and will stage the final. The CBF originally intended to host the opening match at São Paulo's Estádio do Morumbi but it was dropped in 2010 and replaced by the Arena Corinthians after failing to provide financial guarantees for the required improvements.[27]

The first new stadium, the Castelão, in Fortaleza, became operational in January 2013.[28] According to Joe Leahy of the Financial Times, the works in the Castelão, "could set a precedent for other sporting public works", since the project "came in within budget and cheaper per seat" than the Maracanã stadium in Rio.[29][30] Six of the venues were used during the 2013 Confederations Cup.[31] Six further stadiums are however forecast to miss FIFA's original 31 December 2013 deadline for completed works.[32] The completion of the new Arena Corinthians has been hindered by a fatal crane collapse in November 2013 that destroyed part of the stadium and killed two construction workers.[33]

On 22 January 2014, FIFA general secretary Jerome Valcke visited the Arena da Baixada site in Curitiba and stated that the city may be dropped as a World Cup host city if sufficient progress in the renovation of the arena was not shown by 18 February.[34] On 18 February, FIFA confirmed that Curitiba would remain as a World Cup host, despite delays in construction of the stadium.[35]

On 9 March 2014, the Arena da Amazônia, in Manaus, became the ninth World Cup stadium to host a football match, with Remo and Nacional coming to a 2-2 draw.[36] Arena das Dunas, in Natal, and Estádio Beira-Rio, in Porto Alegre also hosted soccer matches already, and are ready for the World Cup.[37][38]

Rio de Janeiro, RJ Brasília, DF São Paulo, SP Fortaleza, CE
Estádio do Maracanã Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha[39] Arena Corinthians Estádio Castelão

22°54′43.8″S 43°13′48.59″W / 22.912167°S 43.2301639°W / -22.912167; -43.2301639 (Estádio do Maracanã)

15°47′0.6″S 47°53′56.99″W / 15.783500°S 47.8991639°W / -15.783500; -47.8991639 (Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha)

23°32′43.91″S 46°28′24.14″W / 23.5455306°S 46.4733722°W / -23.5455306; -46.4733722 (Arena Corinthians)

3°48′26.16″S 38°31′20.93″W / 3.8072667°S 38.5224806°W / -3.8072667; -38.5224806 (Estádio Castelão)

Capacity: 76,935[40]

(renovated)

Capacity: 70,042[41]

(new stadium)

Capacity: 68,000
(new stadium)
Construction progress: 94%
[42]
Capacity: 64,846[43]

(renovated)

Maracana Stadium June 2013.jpg Brasilia Stadium - June 2013.jpg Arena Corinthians Drawing.png Fortaleza Arena.jpg
Belo Horizonte, MG Porto Alegre, RS
Estádio Mineirão Estádio Beira-Rio

19°51′57″S 43°58′15″W / 19.86583°S 43.97083°W / -19.86583; -43.97083 (Estádio Mineirão)

30°3′56.21″S 51°14′9.91″W / 30.0656139°S 51.2360861°W / -30.0656139; -51.2360861 (Estádio Beira-Rio)

Capacity: 62,547

(renovated)

Capacity: 51,300[44]
(renovated)[45]
Novo mineirão aérea.jpg Estádio Beira-Rio 2014.jpg
Salvador, BA Recife, PE
Arena Fonte Nova Arena Pernambuco

12°58′43″S 38°30′15″W / 12.97861°S 38.50417°W / -12.97861; -38.50417 (Arena Fonte Nova)

8°2′24″S 35°0′29″W / 8.04000°S 35.00806°W / -8.04000; -35.00806 (Arena Pernambuco)

Capacity: 56,000[46]

(new stadium)

Capacity: 46,154

(new stadium)

Arena Fonte Nova External View.jpg Itaipava Arena Pernambuco - Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil.jpg
Cuiabá, MT Manaus, AM Natal, RN Curitiba, PR
Arena Pantanal Arena da Amazônia Arena das Dunas Arena da Baixada

15°36′11″S 56°7′14″W / 15.60306°S 56.12056°W / -15.60306; -56.12056 (Arena Pantanal)

3°4′59″S 60°1′41″W / 3.08306°S 60.02806°W / -3.08306; -60.02806 (Arena Amazônia)

5°49′44.18″S 35°12′49.91″W / 5.8289389°S 35.2138639°W / -5.8289389; -35.2138639 (Arena das Dunas)

25°26′54″S 49°16′37″W / 25.44833°S 49.27694°W / -25.44833; -49.27694 (Arena da Baixada)

Capacity: 42,968
(new stadium)
Capacity: 42,374
(new stadium)
Capacity: 42,086
(new stadium)
Capacity: 43,981[47]
(renovated)
Construction progress: 85.5%[42]
Pantanal Arena March 2014.jpg Amazonia Arena.jpg Natal, Brazil - Arena das Dunas.jpg Arenadabaixada.jpg

Final draw

The 32 participating teams were to be drawn into the eight groups of the group stage. In preparation for this, the teams were organised into four pots with the seven highest-ranked teams joining host nation Brazil in the seeded pot.[48] As with the previous tournaments, FIFA aimed to create groups which maximised geographic separation and therefore the unseeded teams were arranged into pots based on geographic considerations.[49][50]

Pot 1 (seeds) Pot 2 (Africa & South America) Pot 3 (Asia & North America) Pot 4 (Europe)

 Brazil (hosts)
 Argentina
 Colombia
 Uruguay
 Belgium
 Germany
 Spain
  Switzerland

 Algeria
 Cameroon
 Ivory Coast
 Ghana
 Nigeria
 Chile
 Ecuador

 Australia
 Japan
 Iran
 South Korea
 Costa Rica
 Honduras
 Mexico
 United States

 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Croatia
 England
 France
 Greece
 Italy (drawn into Pot 2)
 Netherlands
 Portugal
 Russia

The final draw for the 2014 World Cup was held at the Costa do Sauípe Resort, Mata de São João in Bahia on 6 December 2013.[51] The ceremony was presented by FIFA Secretary General Jérôme Valcke and Brazilian hostess Fernanda Lima with the balls being drawn by former players representing the eight past World Cup-winning nations: Cafu, Fabio Cannavaro, Alcides Ghiggia, Fernando Hierro, Geoff Hurst, Mario Kempes, Lothar Matthäus and Zinedine Zidane.[52] During the draw additional draw procedures were applied due to the uneven number of teams within the four geographic pots, which moved one randomly drawn European team from Pot 4 into Pot 2.[53][54] No teams from the same confederation were permitted to be grouped together with the exception of UEFA members, where a maximum of two could be.[49][55]

Refereeing

In March 2013, FIFA published a list of 52 prospective referees, each paired with two assistant referees, from all six football confederations for the tournament.[56] On 14 January 2014, the FIFA Referees Committee appointed 25 referee trios and eight support duos representing 43 different countries for the tournament.[57][58]

Confederation Referee Assistants
AFC Ravshan Irmatov (Uzbekistan) Abdukhamidullo Rasulov (Uzbekistan)
Bahadyr Kochkarov (Kyrgyzstan)
Yuichi Nishimura (Japan) Toru Sagara (Japan)
Toshiyuki Nagi (Japan)
Nawaf Shukralla (Bahrain) Yaser Tulefat (Bahrain)
Ebrahim Saleh (Bahrain)
Ben Williams (Australia) Matthew Cream (Australia)
Hakan Anaz (Australia)
CAF Noumandiez Doué (Ivory Coast) Songuifolo Yeo (Ivory Coast)
Jean-Claude Birumushahu (Burundi)
Bakary Gassama (Gambia) Evarist Menkouande (Cameroon)
Félicien Kabanda (Rwanda)
Djamel Haimoudi (Algeria) Abdelhalk Etchiali (Algeria)
Redouane Achik (Morocco)
CONCACAF Joel Aguilar (El Salvador) William Torres (El Salvador)
Juan Zumba (El Salvador)
Mark Geiger (United States) Mark Hurd (United States)
Joe Fletcher (Canada)
Marco Rodríguez (Mexico) Marvin Torrentera (Mexico)
Marcos Quintero (Mexico)
CONMEBOL Néstor Pitana (Argentina) Hernán Maidana (Argentina)
Juan Pablo Belatti (Argentina)
Sandro Ricci (Brazil) Emerson De Carvalho (Brazil)
Marcelo Van Gasse (Brazil)
Enrique Osses (Chile) Carlos Astroza (Chile)
Sergio Román (Chile)
Wilmar Roldán (Colombia) Humberto Clavijo (Colombia)
Eduardo Díaz (Colombia)
Carlos Vera (Ecuador) Christian Lescano (Ecuador)
Byron Romero (Ecuador)
OFC Peter O'Leary (New Zealand) Jan-Hendrik Hintz (New Zealand)
Ravinesh Kumar (Fiji)
UEFA Felix Brych (Germany) Stefan Lupp (Germany)
Mark Borsch (Germany)
Cüneyt Çakır (Turkey) Bahattin Duran (Turkey)
Tarık Ongun (Turkey)
Jonas Eriksson (Sweden) Mathias Clasenius (Sweden)
Daniel Wärnmark (Sweden)
Björn Kuipers (Netherlands) Sander van Roekel (Netherlands)
Erwin Zeinstra (Netherlands)
Milorad Mažić (Serbia) Milovan Ristić (Serbia)
Dalibor Djurdjević (Serbia)
Pedro Proença (Portugal) Bertino Miranda (Portugal)
Tiago Trigo (Portugal)
Nicola Rizzoli (Italy) Renato Faverani (Italy)
Andrea Stefani (Italy)
Carlos Velasco Carballo (Spain) Roberto Alonso Fernández (Spain)
Juan Carlos Yuste Jiménez (Spain)
Howard Webb (England) Mike Mullarkey (England)
Darren Cann (England)
Confederation Support referee(s) Support assistant(s)
AFC Alireza Faghani (Iran) Hassan Kamranifar (Iran)
CAF Néant Alioum (Cameroon) Djibril Camara (Senegal)
Daniel Bennett (South Africa) Aden Marwa (Kenya)
CONCACAF Roberto Moreno (Panama) Eric Boria (United States)
Walter López (Guatemala) Leonel Leal (Costa Rica)
CONMEBOL Víctor Hugo Carrillo (Peru) Rodney Aquino (Paraguay)
OFC Norbert Hauata (Tahiti) Mark Rule (New Zealand)
UEFA Svein Oddvar Moen (Norway) Kim Haglund (Norway)

Squads

As with the 2010 tournament, each team's squad for the 2014 FIFA World Cup will consist of 23 players (three of whom must be goalkeepers). Each participating national association has to confirm their final 23-player squad no later than 10 days before the start of the tournament.

Teams are permitted to make late replacements in the event of serious injury, at any time up to 24 hours before their first game.[59]

Group stage

Arena das Dunas by night in Natal

The first round, or group stage, will see the thirty-two teams divided into eight groups of four teams. Each group will compete in a round-robin of six games, where each team will play one match against each of the other teams in the same group. Teams will be awarded three points for a win, one point for a draw and none for a defeat. The teams finishing first and second in each group will progress to the Round of 16.[59]

The match schedule was announced at FIFA's headquarters in Zürich on 20 October 2011,[60] with the kick-off times being confirmed on 27 September 2012.[61] After the final draw, the kick-off times of seven matches were adjusted by FIFA.[62]

All times listed below are in Brasília official time (UTC−3). This is the time zone of ten of the twelve venues; the other two, Cuiabá and Manaus, are in the Amazon time zone (UTC−4), therefore for matches hosted at these two venues the local kickoff times are one hour earlier than the times listed below.[63]

Tie-breaking criteria

The ranking of each team in each group will be determined as follows:

  1. Greater number of points in all group matches
  2. Goal difference in all group matches
  3. Greater number of goals scored in all group matches
  4. Greatest number of points in matches between tied teams
  5. Goal difference in matches between tied teams
  6. Greatest number of goals scored in matches between tied teams
  7. Drawing of lots by the FIFA Organising Committee
Key to colours in group tables
Teams that advanced to the round of 16

Group A

Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
 Brazil 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Croatia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Mexico 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Cameroon 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
13 June 2014
13:00
Mexico  Match 2  Cameroon
18 June 2014
19:00
Cameroon  Match 18  Croatia
23 June 2014
17:00
Croatia  Match 34  Mexico

Group B

Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
 Spain 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Netherlands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Chile 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Australia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
13 June 2014
19:00
Chile  Match 4  Australia

Group C

Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
 Colombia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Greece 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Ivory Coast 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Japan 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 June 2014
22:00
Ivory Coast  Match 6  Japan
19 June 2014
19:00
Japan  Match 22  Greece
24 June 2014
17:00
Japan  Match 37  Colombia

Group D

Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
 Uruguay 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Costa Rica 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 England 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Italy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14 June 2014
19:00
England  Match 8  Italy
20 June 2014
13:00
Italy  Match 24  Costa Rica
24 June 2014
13:00
Italy  Match 39  Uruguay

Group E

Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
  Switzerland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Ecuador 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 France 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Honduras 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
25 June 2014
17:00
Honduras  Match 41   Switzerland

Group F

Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
 Argentina 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Iran 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Nigeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
16 June 2014
16:00
Iran  Match 12  Nigeria

Group G

Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
 Germany 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Portugal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Ghana 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 United States 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Group H

Team Pld
W
D
L
GF
GA
GD
Pts
 Belgium 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Russia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 South Korea 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
26 June 2014
17:00
Algeria  Match 48  Russia

Knockout stage

The knockout stage will involve the sixteen teams that advanced from the group stage of the tournament. There will be four rounds of matches, with each round eliminating half of the teams entering that round. The successive rounds are the round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals, and the final. There will also be a play-off to decide third and fourth place. For each game in the knockout stage, any draw at 90 minutes will be followed by thirty minutes of extra time (two periods of 15 minutes each); if scores are still level, there will be a penalty shootout to determine who will progress to the next round[59]

Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                           
28 June – Belo Horizonte            
 Winner Group A  
4 July – Fortaleza
 Runner-up Group B    
 Winner Match 49  
28 June – Rio de Janeiro
   Winner Match 50    
 Winner Group C  
8 July – Belo Horizonte
 Runner-up Group D    
 Winner Match 57  
30 June – Brasília
   Winner Match 58    
 Winner Group E  
4 July – Rio de Janeiro
 Runner-up Group F    
 Winner Match 53  
30 June – Porto Alegre
   Winner Match 54    
 Winner Group G  
13 July – Rio de Janeiro
 Runner-up Group H    
 Winner Match 61  
29 June – Fortaleza
   Winner Match 62  
 Winner Group B  
5 July – Salvador
 Runner-up Group A    
 Winner Match 51  
29 June – Recife
   Winner Match 52    
 Winner Group D  
9 July – São Paulo
 Runner-up Group C    
 Winner Match 59  
1 July – São Paulo
   Winner Match 60     Third place
 Winner Group F  
5 July – Brasília 12 July – Brasília
 Runner-up Group E    
 Winner Match 55    Loser Match 61  
1 July – Salvador
   Winner Match 56      Loser Match 62  
 Winner Group H  
 Runner-up Group G    

Round of 16

28 June 2014
13:00
Winner Group A Match 49 Runner-up Group B
28 June 2014
17:00
Winner Group C Match 50 Runner-up Group D
29 June 2014
13:00
Winner Group B Match 51 Runner-up Group A
29 June 2014
17:00
Winner Group D Match 52 Runner-up Group C
30 June 2014
13:00
Winner Group E Match 53 Runner-up Group F
30 June 2014
17:00
Winner Group G Match 54 Runner-up Group H
1 July 2014
13:00
Winner Group F Match 55 Runner-up Group E
1 July 2014
17:00
Winner Group H Match 56 Runner-up Group G

Quarter-finals

4 July 2014
13:00
Winner Match 53 Match 58 Winner Match 54
4 July 2014
17:00
Winner Match 49 Match 57 Winner Match 50
5 July 2014
13:00
Winner Match 55 Match 60 Winner Match 56
5 July 2014
17:00
Winner Match 51 Match 59 Winner Match 52

Semi-finals

8 July 2014
17:00
Winner Match 57 Match 61 Winner Match 58
9 July 2014
17:00
Winner Match 59 Match 62 Winner Match 60

Third place match

12 July 2014
17:00
Loser Match 61 Match 63 Loser Match 62

Final

13 July 2014
16:00
Winner Match 61 Match 64 Winner Match 62


Symbols

The official Brazil 2014 logo

The official logo of the competition is entitled "Inspiration", and was created by Brazilian agency Africa.[64] The design is based around a photograph of three victorious hands together raising the World Cup trophy and its yellow and green colouring is meant to represent Brazil warmly welcoming the world to their country. It was unveiled at a ceremony held during the 2010 World Cup in Johannesburg.[64] The design was selected from the submissions of 25 Brazilian-based agencies invited to submit designs.[65] Brazilian graphic designer Alexandre Wollner has criticised the design, suggesting that it resembles a facepalm, as well as the process through which it was chosen, which had a jury that excluded professional graphic designers.[66]

FIFA also commissioned an official poster that was unveiled in January 2013 and designed by the Brazilian creative agency Crama.[67] The official slogan is "All in One Rhythm" (Portuguese: "Juntos num só ritmo").[68]

Official song

An official song has been created for every World Cup finals since 1962. On 24 January 2014, FIFA and Sony Music announced that the official anthem for the tournament will be "We Are One (Ole Ola)" by Pitbull, Jennifer Lopez and Claudia Leitte.[69] Sony also launched a global music contest – entitled 'SuperSong' – to select a song for the competition's official album, One Love, One Rhythm.[70] The contest allows any person to submit a song via a website, with the winning entrant chosen in February 2014 to be professionally recorded by the singer Ricky Martin.[70] On 10 February 2014, American Elijah King was chosen with the song "Vida" ("Life", in English).[71] A customized version of the song "Dare (La La La)" by Shakira, who provided the official song of the 2010 tournament, will be used as a secondary theme song.[72]

Mascot

Fuleco, the official mascot of the 2014 FIFA World Cup

The tatu-bola, an armadillo that defends itself from predators by rolling up into a ball, was chosen as the official mascot by FIFA at a ceremony organised by the local organising committee in September 2012.[73] It was selected from 47 designs created by six Brazilian agencies after market research showed its appeal to the primary target audience of Brazilian children aged 5–12.[74]

The then-unnamed mascot was first unveiled to the public during a segment of the Brazilian news show Fantástico.[75] An online public vote was used to determine the name in which three potential names were offered,[76] with the winning name being announced on 25 November 2012:[77] 1.7 million people (about 48 per cent) voted for Fuleco, ahead of Zuzeco (31 per cent) and Amijubi (21 per cent).[78]

"Fuleco" is a portmanteau of the words "Futebol" ("Football") and "Ecologia" ("Ecology") (in addition, nicknames ending with -eco are popular in Brazil). The two unsuccessful names were Amijubi ("Amizade" ("Friendship") and "Júbilo" ("Joy")) and Zuzeco ("Azul" ("blue") and "Ecologia").[77]

Match ball

Adidas Brazuca ball.

The official ball of the 2014 World Cup will be the Adidas Brazuca.[79] The name was selected by a public vote that received responses from more than 1 million Brazilian football fans; "Brazuca" received over 70 per cent of the vote.[80] Adidas, the official FIFA World Cup match ball supplier since 1970, took inspiration from elements of Brazilian culture to come up with a shortlist of three possible names for the ball that also included Bossa Nova and Carnavalesca.[80]

Caxirola

The tournament has recognised an official instrument: the caxirola, a percussive instrument created by Brazilian musician Carlinhos Brown. They are designed to create a softer sound than the African vuvuzela horn that featured prominently during the 2010 World Cup. However, due to safety concerns, FIFA later announced that caxirolas will not be permitted inside the stadiums.[81] The instrument was banned from by FIFA due to security reasons after fans threw the instrument onto the pitch on 28 April 2013 in a Ba-Vi derby.[82] The vuvuzela, however, was not banned from the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

Preparations

Infrastructure projects

Luz Station in Downtown São Paulo

In January 2010 Brazil's federal government estimated that staging the tournament would require it invest $11 billion of funding.[83] It also announced tax breaks for the construction and refurbishment of the stadiums for the 2014 World Cup and that host cities would be exempt from VAT.[84]

The Brazilian federal government has earmarked R$3 billion (€1.8 billion, £1.1 billion) for investment in works relating to the 2014 World Cup, and intends to release a package of works, entitled the FIFA World Cup PAC (Portuguese acronym for Growth Acceleration Programme). According to the Brazilian minister of cities, Márcio Fortes, the bulk of funds should go to works pertaining to the tournament itself, but the total figure will only be defined after a meeting with representatives of the municipalities that will host the matches.

"This is only an initial figure. We have not set a figure yet. These R$3 billion will allow us to take the first step. The total value of projects is not known yet. We are going to hold talks with mayors to learn which projects are priorities," said the minister. The funds will be supplied by Pró-Transporte, a financing programme funded by the Severance Pay Indemnity Fund (FGTS) whose regulation was passed last year by the fund's Board of Curators.

According to Fortes, several city councils have already contacted the ministry and showed interest in partnership for carrying out infrastructure work turned exclusively to the Cup that will be held in Brazil. "For some time now, the city councils that will host the matches have been contacting us. The city councils have had meetings with FIFA and several projects were outlined. Our approach consists of dealing only with projects exclusively turned to the Cup. Our goal right now is not to solve transport-related issues in the city. We are going to help solve the issues pertaining to the events," he stated. According to the minister, another factor to be analysed by the Ministry of Cities is usefulness and sustainability of the investment after the competition is over. "We are not going to deal with huge projects. The cheapest and most efficient means of transport will be used. Of course, each case will be analysed separately," he explained.

Fortes stated that the PAC of the Cup is going to include partnerships with city councils and state governments, as well as some partnerships with the private sector. "The keyword is partnership. The federal government will not undertake anything by itself. It will be similar to the infrastructure PAC, in which we already have partnerships with city councils and state governments, as well as public-private partnerships. We are going to review the type of investment proposed, analyse their size, and the need for private sector participation, which may take place in different ways. The private sector may build and then lease the assets, or perhaps operate them. All of that will be discussed," he stated.

Cinelândia Metro Station in Downtown Rio de Janeiro

The minister also informed that preparations for the World Cup already include the creation of a line of financing for renewing the bus fleet across the country. The line will be made available by the Brazilian Federal Savings Bank with total funds of R$1 billion (€600 million, £375 million).[85]

To support the sport's development throughout the continent leading up to the World Cup, FIFA as part of its "Win in CONMEBOL with CONMEBOL" program, has invested in building synthetic football pitches in each country within the confederation. The football turf pitch in Brazil is located at the CBF national training center in Rio de Janeiro and built by a FIFA Preferred Producer for Football Turf.

The airports in Brazil have been identified as "the big problem" by the tournament's organising committee.[86] An estimated 600,000 people will travel by plane to the tournament in addition to three million Brazilians using flight to travel between matches.[87]

Legislation was introduced to enable the state's airport operator Infraero to speed up airport works.[88] However, research by the Brazilian government in 2011 forecast that 10 of the 13 terminals to be upgraded were unlikely to be completed in time for the tournament.[89] Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff stated that the government would make "a strong intervention" to ensure that the airports are ready, including opening them up to private investment.[89] To date, the management of three airports has already been handed over to the private sector (earning $10.8 billion),[90] with two further auctions planned before the end of 2013.[91]

Additional major infrastructure projects have been taking place across the country on road systems and light rail and bus rapid transit lines that will connect the airports to the city centres and stadiums. Over 4,300 km of highways will need to be worked on.[92] Media reports however speculate that some of these transport links will not be completed in time for the tournament.[93][94] Over $5 billion is also being invested to build new hotels ready for both the World Cup Finals as well as the 2016 Summer Olympics to be staged in Rio de Janeiro.[95]

A reported 13 of the original 50 planned infrastructure works announced by the Brazilian sports ministry in 2010 have already been cancelled.[96] New projects subsequently introduced were smaller in scale to those originally proposed.[96] Former Brazilian footballer Romário, now a political figure, criticised his country's handling of these preparations but said that "FIFA's requirements were excessive".[97]

The nation's total cost to host the FIFA World Cup compared to past tournaments:[98][99][100][101]

Host General cost
 BRA (2014) US$14 billion (1st)
 GER (2006) $6 billion (2nd)
 KOR/ JPN (2002) $5 billion (3rd)
 SAF (2010) $4 billion (4th)
 FRA (1998) $340 million (5th)
 USA (1994) $30 million (6th)

Maracanã projects

Maracanã Stadium, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, has been chosen for the final match. Maracanã was inaugurated in the 1950 World Cup. For the 2014 World Cup, among other adaptations, a new cover will be built. The project also includes construction of a building for parking, above the lines of Supervia and subways, with 3,500 parking spaces. The estimated investment is R$460 million. According to the study of Sinaenco, there is a need to improve the visibility for spectators in the first few rows behind the cabins in the Maracanã, redesign the facilities for people with disabilities, and provide general health reform.

The project may also provide for the restoration of Quinta da Boa Vista and the Museum of São Cristóvão, in addition to redevelopment and revitalisation of neighbourhoods including Tijuca. The Engenhão stadium, completed for the 2007 Pan American Games, has a capacity of 45,000 people and will serve as a training ground for the World Cup.

An investment of R$5 billion is required to meet the requirements that Rio de Janeiro faces in the final tournament and other games, covering three areas: logistics (roads, railways, ports, waterways and airports), energy (generation and transmission of electric power, petroleum, natural gas and renewables) and social and urban (light, sanitation, housing, subways and water resources). In relation to the Rio de Janeiro Metro, the Ministry of Transport has held a public hearing regarding the extension of its lines. The line for the new project is 13.5 km (8.4 mi) long, and should cross the South Zone of the city, carrying around 200,000 passengers per day between six metro stations.[102]

Corinthians projects

The New Corinthians Stadium, in the city of São Paulo, has been chosen for the opening ceremony. São Paulo's chances of staging the opening ceremony of the 2014 FIFA World Cup improved after FIFA accepted a guarantee that SC Corinthians Paulista's new stadium will be completed in time for the tournament. The stadium, being built by Odebrecht SA, will cost R$800 million (US$522 million), according to Corinthians former President Andres Sanchez. BNDES, the national development bank, pledged R$400 million and the city of São Paulo will provide a property fund worth R$400 million.

On a statement on the Corinthians website, Ricardo Teixeira, president of the World Cup local organising committee and the Brazilian Football Confederation, said: "This approval – in record time, less than a year – is the result of efforts by the government of São Paulo, particularly the Governor Geraldo Alckmin and Mayor Gilberto Kassab."[103] FIFA's approval of the project to build a new home for Brazil's biggest football club by revenue, which originally had a cost estimate of US$1.2 billion, was required for São Paulo to host World Cup games.

In June 2011, then sports minister Orlando Silva said in an interview that the federal government would tell tournament organiser FIFA that São Paulo, Salvador, Belo Horizonte and Brasília are eligible to stage the opening ceremony. FIFA will announce the venue in October. Sanchez said: "I said before that if Corinthians could fulfill all the requirements of FIFA, the opening of the World Cup would be in São Paulo. Corinthians gave the guarantees required by FIFA, so the opening will be in São Paulo."[103] Most of the funding for investment in airports, stadiums, ports and urban transportation before the World Cup will come from the government.[103]

Security measures

The Brazilian government has pledged $900 million will be invested into security forces and that the tournament will be "one of the most protected sports events in history".[104] FIFA Secretary General Jérôme Valcke promised "the highest level of security you can imagine" will operate during competition.[104] It plans to have one police officer for every 50 people attending matches, and one for every 80 people at public viewing events around the country.[104]

Investment in security measures such as facial recognition systems and unmanned security robots has already been made.[105] An integrated security plan has been developed that seeks to gain information from sources about potential terrorists, troublemakers and hooligans.[106] A total of 150,000 public security professionals and military will ensure World Cup security, alongside with 20,000 private security personnel.[107]

Security concerns for the tournament have been increased since large-scale protests occurred during Brazil's staging of the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup with disturbances also occurring outside the stadiums.[108][109] Protesters cited the amount of public money being invested by the Brazilian government in the hosting of the World Cup at the expense of social services for its population as a key grievance.[110][111][112]

Protests

Protesters on the streets of Rio de Janeiro. Their sign translates to "If the bus fare doesn't drop, Rio is going to stop!"

Prior to the opening ceremony of the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup at the Brasilia National Stadium on 15 June, demonstrations took place outside the stadium, organised by people unhappy with the amount of public money spent to enable the hosting of the FIFA World Cup.[113] Police used tear gas and pepper spray to quell the protests.[114]

The demonstrations were part of wider unrest and rioting in Brazilian cities initially sparked by increased ticket prices on public transport, but growing to express deeper public disenchantment with the financial management of the country by its Government, specially due to the high inflation.[113][115] The Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff as well as FIFA president Sepp Blatter were heavily booed as they were announced to conduct their speeches at the tournament's opening.[116] Further protests took place the following day prior to the game between Mexico and Italy in Rio de Janeiro.[117][118] Blatter said that the protesters "should not use football to make their demands heard",[119] and that the public expenditure on staging the tournaments was on "items that are for the future, not just for the World Cup".[119]

As the protests continued to intensify during the week, with a reported participation of over a million people taking to the streets in a hundred different towns and cities,[120] reports in the Brazilian media suggested that FIFA was having to negotiate with the teams to keep them in Brazil and that the tournament could be abandoned.[121] However, a FIFA statement on 21 June insisted that "to date, neither FIFA nor the local organising committee have ever discussed any such possibility of cancelling the FIFA Confederations Cup".[122]

FIFA General Secretary Jérôme Valcke subsequently admitted that FIFA had held a "crisis meeting" involving the Brazilian government regarding the completion of the tournament,[123] but sought to distance FIFA from the wider social unrest, stating that "the most important thing for us is to detach the World Cup or the Confederations Cup from these problems. We are not the answer to all problems and we are definitely not the reason for such a crisis. We are just part of what Brazil is doing for the next 20 years....the light FIFA is being shown in here, is the wrong one".[123] He also reaffirmed that the protests had not caused FIFA to consider moving the 2014 World Cup away from Brazil.[123]

Just before the final in Rio de Janeiro, a large crowd marched towards the stadium both in support of the team and in continuation over the original protests. Though largely peaceful,[124] there were some disturbances.[125]

Ticketing

The new stadium in Fortaleza during a match

FIFA forecasts a total of 3,334,524 tickets for the tournament.[126] The majority of these are distributed to groups such as commercial affiliates, hospitality clients, media rights holders and VIPs.[126] Approximately 1.1 million are to be sold to the general public (400,000 to Brazilian residents only, 700,000 overseas and Brazilians).[126]

The sale of tickets to the general public has been divided into three phases and handled via FIFA's website and nominated locations in each of the host cities.[127][128] There are four categories of tickets, with Category 4 tickets only being available to Brazilian residents.[126] Discounted tickets are available to Brazilians aged over 60, students and those receiving Bolsa Família welfare.[126] These are available for as little as 30 Brazilian reals (roughly US$12.50), while the most expensive ticket of the competition on general sale is a Category 1 seat for the final that retails at US$990.[126] In addition to individual tickets "venue specific tickets", which give access to all matches staged in a host city (during the group stage and round of 16), and "team ticket series", which give access to all matches of a chosen team during the tournament, are also available.[126]

Tickets went on sale on 20 August 2013 with 2.3 million tickets requested during the first 24 hours.[129] By the end of this first phase of sales in October 2013, over six million requests had been received from the general public.[130] As demand exceeded supply, FIFA staged a random draw to allocate tickets with a total of 889,305 tickets being allocated: 71.5% of these were sold to Brazilian residents with the highest number of overseas sales being to those in the United States.[131] A further 220,000 tickets issued on a first come, first served basis sold out within seven hours of being placed on sale in November 2013.[132][133] A second phase of ticket sales – to run until 30 January – began following the final draw in December 2013, which yielded almost 1.2 million ticket requests within the first 24 hours.[134]

Technology

Goal-line technology available during the matches.

For the first time at a World Cup Finals, the officials will be assisted by goal-line technology. The previous World Cup was a catalyst for the decision to adopt technology after England were wrongly denied a goal in their Round of 16 tie against Germany.[135] Following the mistake in this game, FIFA President Sepp Blatter said "it would be a nonsense not to reopen the file on goal-line technology"[136] and in 2012 the IFAB approved its usage.[137] This is the fourth FIFA competition to use the technology after successful trials at 2012 Club World Cup, 2013 Club World Cup and 2013 Confederations Cup. The German company GoalControl was selected as the tournament's official goal-line technology provider in October 2013.[138]

Following successful trials at the 2013 FIFA U-20 World Cup, 2013 FIFA U-17 World Cup and 2013 FIFA Club World Cup, FIFA approved the vanishing spray to be used by the referees for the first time at a World Cup Finals. The water-based spray, which disappears in a minute after use would be used to mark the ten-yard line for the defending team during a free kick and also drawn where the ball is to be placed for a free-kick.[139]

Base camps

The base camps will be used by 32 national squads to stay and train before, and during the World Cup tournament. On 31 January 2014, FIFA announced the base camps for each participating team.[140]

Team City State Team City State
Algeria Sorocaba São Paulo Greece Aracaju Sergipe
Argentina Vespasiano Minas Gerais Honduras Porto Feliz São Paulo
Australia Vitória Espírito Santo Iran Guarulhos São Paulo
Belgium Mogi das Cruzes São Paulo Italy Mangaratiba Rio de Janeiro
Bosnia and Herzegovina Guarujá São Paulo Ivory Coast Águas de Lindoia São Paulo
Brazil Teresópolis Rio de Janeiro Japan Itu São Paulo
Cameroon Vitória Espírito Santo Mexico Santos São Paulo
Chile Belo Horizonte Minas Gerais Netherlands Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro
Colombia Cotia São Paulo Nigeria Campinas São Paulo
Costa Rica Santos São Paulo Portugal Campinas São Paulo
Croatia Mata de São João Bahia Russia Itu São Paulo
Ecuador Viamão Rio Grande do Sul South Korea Foz do Iguaçu Paraná
England Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro Spain Curitiba Paraná
France Ribeirão Preto São Paulo Switzerland Porto Seguro Bahia
Germany Santa Cruz Cabrália Bahia United States São Paulo São Paulo
Ghana Maceió Alagoas Uruguay Sete Lagoas Minas Gerais

Media

Brazilian fans in Brasília
Riocentro is home of the International Broadcast Centre

Filming

Sony will supply the technology for filming of the games. The games will be produced for FIFA by Host Broadcast Services, subsidiary of Infront Sports & Media. FIFA TV Director Niclas Ericson confirmed that the games will be filmed at Ultra HDTV technology (4K resolution). The announcement followed a successful test of the tech at 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, with the sport's governing body FIFA ready to take the plunge for the showcase game in Brazil.[141]

The multilateral camera plan for the games includes coverage by the inclusion of a cable system and an aerial (helicopter) camera for all matches. An up to 34-camera plan has been proposed, with two new reverse-angle 6m cameras – SSM and mainly used for replays – bringing the number up from the 32 used in 2010.[142]

Broadcasting

The broadcasting rights – covering television, radio, internet and mobile coverage – for the tournament are sold to media companies in each individual territory either directly by FIFA, or through licensed companies or organisations such as the European Broadcasting Union, Organización de Televisión Iberoamericana, International Media Content, Dentsu and RS International Broadcasting & Sports Management.[143] The sale of these rights accounts for an estimated 60% of FIFA's income from staging a World Cup.[144] For a fourth consecutive FIFA World Cup Finals, the coverage will be provided by HBS (Host Broadcast Services),[145] in partnership with Sony as the production equipment supplier.[146] The International Broadcast Centre will be situated at the Riocentro in Rio de Janeiro.[147]

The International Broadcast Centre for these games will be located at the Riocentro exhibition complex in the Barra da Tijuca neighbourhood of Rio de Janeiro.

This will be the last World Cup to be broadcast on the ESPN family of networks and Univision in the United States, as Fox Sports and Telemundo will take over coverage starting with the 2018 FIFA World Cup. The tournament will be streamed to mobile devices, tablets and on both Xbox 360 and Xbox One consoles via WatchESPN.

Arena Corinthians in São Paulo during the 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil (video game).

Video game

As with the 2010 tournament, EA Sports will publish the official video game of the competition, entitled 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil.[148] It was released in April 2014.[149]

FIFA Fan Fest

Due to the overwhelming success of the 2010 edition, FIFA announced that they would be holding FIFA Fan Fests in each of Brazil's 12 host cities. Prominent examples are the Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro, which already held a Fan Fest in 2010, São Paulo's Vale do Anhangabaú and Brasília's Esplanada dos Ministérios, with the Congress in the background.[150][151]

Notes

  1. ^ The Portuguese pronunciation is [ˈkɔpɐ du ˈmũdu dɐ ˈfifɐ bɾɐˈziw ˈdojz ˈmiw i kɐˈtoʁzi], in Brazil's standard pronunciation.

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