2014 Formula One season
FIA Formula One World Championship season
|Races by country • Races by season|
The 2014 Formula One season will be the 65th season of the Formula One World Championship, a motor racing championship for Formula One cars which is recognised by the sport's governing body, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. Teams and drivers will contest twenty Grands Prix for the World Drivers' and World Constructors' Championships.
In 2014, the championship will see the introduction of a revised engine formula, in which the 2.4 litre V8 engine configuration—previously used between 2006 and 2013—will be replaced with a new formula specifying a 1.6 litre turbocharged V6 engine that incorporates an energy recovery system into its build. The 2014 season will see the addition of the Russian Grand Prix and the Grand Prix of America to the series schedule, with the races to be held at the Sochi Olympic Park Circuit in Sochi and the Port Imperial Street Circuit in Weehawken, New Jersey respectively.
Signed teams and drivers 
The following teams and drivers are scheduled to take part in the 2014 season. However, their participation depends on the teams agreeing to continue competing in the sport under the terms of a new Concorde Agreement.
|Caterham F1 Team||Caterham–TBA||TBA||Charles Pic|
|Scuderia Ferrari||Ferrari||Ferrari||Fernando Alonso|
|Sahara Force India F1 Team||Force India–Mercedes||Mercedes||TBA|
|Lotus F1 Team||Lotus–TBA||TBA||TBA|
|Marussia F1 Team||Marussia–TBA||TBA||TBA|
|McLaren Mercedes||McLaren–Mercedes||Mercedes||Jenson Button|
|Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team||Mercedes||Mercedes||Lewis Hamilton|
|Infiniti Red Bull Racing||Red Bull–TBA||TBA||Sebastian Vettel|
|Sauber F1 Team||Sauber–Ferrari||Ferrari||TBA|
|Scuderia Toro Rosso||Toro Rosso–TBA||TBA||TBA|
|Williams F1 Team||Williams–TBA||TBA||TBA|
Team and driver changes 
- In 2011, former British American Racing team principal Craig Pollock announced the formation of Propulsion Universelle et Recuperation d'Energie (commonly known by its acronym, PURE), and signalled his intentions to enter the sport in 2014 as a customer engine supplier, though as of November 2012, the company had no clients for the 2014 season.
- Cosworth elected not to build an engine to fit the 2014 generation of regulations. This decision prompted Marussia, the only team using Cosworth engines during the 2013 season, to seek out a new engine supplier.
- Renault, who supplied four teams during the 2013 season, have publicised their intentions to reduce their engine supply to three teams.
List of planned races 
The following twenty Grands Prix are currently scheduled to take place in 2014.
Calendar changes 
- The Grand Prix of America is scheduled to join the calendar, with the race to be hosted at the Port Imperial Street Circuit in Weehawken, New Jersey. The race was originally intended to join the calendar for the 2013 season, but was rescheduled after event organisers fell behind in construction and faced delays in obtaining the necessary permits for the race to take place.
- The Hockenheimring is scheduled to return to the calendar to host the German Grand Prix, in keeping with the event-sharing agreement first established in 2008 with the Nürburgring for the two circuits to host the Grand Prix in alternating years. The Hockenheimring last hosted a Formula One Grand Prix in 2012.
- The calendar will see the addition of the Russian Grand Prix with the race to be held at the Sochi International Street Circuit during the second half of the season. The race will take place on a street circuit to be constructed around the Sochi Olympic Park. It will be the first Russian Grand Prix in a century, and the first time the country has ever hosted a round of the Formula One World Championship. The International Olympic Committee has cautioned that it will use its power to delay the race until 2015 if it feels that construction of the circuit and facilities disrupt preparations for the 2014 Winter Olympic Games.
- Starting in 2013, the Spanish Grand Prix will alternate between the Circuit de Catalunya in Barcelona and the Valencia Street Circuit in Valencia. Barcelona will host the 2013 race, which will then move to Valencia in 2014. However, organisers in Barcelona claimed they had "no desire" to share the race with the sister circuit in Valencia, and the Valencian circuit was later reported to be in a serious state of disrepair following episodes of poor maintenance and vandalism.
Proposed races 
- In February 2013, Bernie Ecclestone confirmed that he was in the process of negotiating the return of the Mexican Grand Prix to the calendar, naming the Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez in Mexico City as the venue under consideration.
- In September 2012, Thai authorities announced that they had reached an agreement "in principle" with Bernie Ecclestone to host a race in Thailand, with 2014 given as the start date for the race. In October, Thai authorities claimed that terms to hold the race had been met for a race to be held in November 2014—pending final approval from the government—and that they were exploring several possible locations for the circuit. The race was later pushed back until the 2015 season.
Rule changes 
- Technical regulations
- The 2014 season will see the introduction of a new engine formula, with the sport moving towards a turbocharged, 1.6 litre V6 format with an 8-speed gearbox. The rules dictate the use of a ninety-degree engine bank, with fixed crankshaft axis and mounting points for the chassis, while the engines will be limited to 15,000rpm. Individual engine units under the 2014 specifications must last for at least 4,000 km (2,500 mi) before being replaced, in comparison to the pre-2014 engines, which were required to last for just 2,000 km (1,200 mi).
- The Kinetic Energy Recovery System (KERS), first introduced in 2009, will be incorporated into the design of the engine and its usage increased; its function as a supplementary power source will be taken by the introduction of the heat-based Energy Recovery System (ERS). The ERS unit captures waste heat as it is dispelled from the exhaust turbocharger, using an electrical device known as a Heat Motor Generator Unit. This waste heat is stored as an electrical charge until it is utilised by a complimentary system called the Kinetic Motor Generator Unit. This device is connected directly to the drive train to deliver the additional power in the most direct and efficient way. In combination with the KERS it will give drivers an additional 161 bhp (120 kW) for thirty-three seconds per lap, compared to the KERS units used prior to 2014, which gave drivers an 80 bhp (60 kW) for six seconds per lap.
- The 2014 regulations require the use of lower noses than in previous years, in the interests of safety. The tip of the nose will have to be no more than 185mm above the ground, in comparison to the 550mm allowed in 2012. The original rules—first published in August 2011—also called for a variety of bodywork changes aimed at cutting downforce, most notably through the use of narrower front wings, and a shallower angle to the main plane of rear wings. These additional changes were formally abandoned in December 2012, but the requirement that cars be built with a nose no more than 185mm above the ground was retained.
- In order to promote fuel efficiency, fuel will be flow restricted to 100 kg/h above 10,500rpm; below 10,500rpm a formula for the maximum flow must be applied based on the rpm in use.
- The position of the exhaust outlet will change so that it is now angled upwards toward the rear wing instead of downwards to face the rear diffuser so as to make the practice of using exhaust blown diffusers—passing exhaust gasses over the rear diffuser to improve the car's downforce—extremely difficult to achieve.
- Sporting regulations
- In order to facilitate the introduction of the engine regulations, the FIA proposed rewriting the sporting regulations with regard to winter testing. Under the proposal, winter testing will be brought forward to January to allow for an additional test if it is deemed necessary, with testing venues relocated away from southern Spain to the Middle East—with the Losail circuit in Qatar and the Sakhir circuit in Bahrain being put forward as candidate venues—to minimise the chances of rain interrupting testing.
- In May 2013, the teams agreed upon the introduction of a "penalty points" system for driving offences. Under the system, driving offences would carry a pre-determined points value based on their severity that would be tallied up over the course of a season, with a driver receiving a race ban after accumulating twelve penalty points. Any driver who recevied a race ban would also receive an additional five penalty points upon their return, as a form of probation to discourage further driving offences.
- Teams will receive an additional set of tyres for the first practice session at each Grand Prix. The extra set of tyres will only be available for the first thirty minutes of the session, to encourage more running during free practice.
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