2014 in the United Kingdom

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2014 in the United Kingdom:
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Events from the year 2014 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Incumbents[edit]

Events[edit]

January[edit]

  • 3 January – Strong winds and high tides bring flooding to large parts of Western England, Wales and Scotland.[1]
  • 7 January – Four people are killed when a United States Air Force Sikorsky HH-60G Pave Hawk helicopter, based at RAF Lakenheath in Suffolk, crashes at a nature reserve in Cley next the Sea, north Norfolk.[2]
  • 8 January – An inquest jury decides that Mark Duggan, whose death sparked the 2011 England riots was lawfully killed by police.[3]
  • 10 January – At the Old Bailey, police officer Keith Wallis pleads guilty to misconduct in a public office over an email he sent to his local MP concerning the Plebgate affair.[4]
  • 12 January – Vincent Nichols, the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Westminster is among 19 senior Catholic clergy who will be created Cardinals by Pope Francis on 22 February, it is announced.[5]
  • 13 January – The UK Treasury says that should Scots vote to leave the UK, it will honour all UK government debt issued up to the date of Scottish independence.[6]
  • 15 January – Birmingham City Council could be forced to sell off some of its assets to pay £1bn of legal claims over equality.[7]
  • 16 January –
  • 18 January –
    • The Labour Party confirms that Del Singh, a candidate for the forthcoming European elections, was among two Britons killed during a suicide bombing at a restaurant in the Afghan capital, Kabul the previous day.[10]
    • 16-year-old Lewis Clarke of Bristol sets a new world record after becoming the youngest person to trek to the South Pole.[11]
  • 19 January – The UK Independence Party suspends an Oxfordshire councillor who blamed the floods that hit the country earlier in the month on the government's decision to legalise same-sex marriage because it had angered God.[12]
  • 22 January – UK unemployment falls to 7.1%, surpassing economic forecasts and placing pressure on the Bank of England to raise interest rates. The bank, which said it would consider an increase once unemployment reached 7% says it has no immediate plans to introduce a raise.[13]
  • 24 January – Sedgemoor District Council in Somerset declares a "major incident" in flooded areas as forecasters warn of more rain.[14]
  • 25 January – Trees are uprooted and structural damaged caused to buildings by lightning as a heavy rainstorm hits the Midlands region.[15]
  • 27 January – Research published by the Centre for Cities think tank suggests a widening economic gap between London and the rest of the UK, with ten times more jobs being created in the capital than elsewhere.[16]
  • 28 January – Figures released by the Office for National Statistics indicate the UK economy grew by 1.9% in 2013, its highest since 2007, but growth for the final quarter of the year was 0.7%.[17]
  • 29 January – During a visit to Scotland, Mark Carney, Governor of the Bank of England says that in the event of Scottish independence, the country would need to give up some powers in return for a currency union with the United Kingdom.[18]
  • 30 January – Figures released by the Met Office indicate Southern England and parts of the Midlands have experienced their highest January rainfall since records began in 1910. The announcement comes as military personnel prepare to help residents in flooded areas of Somerset.[19]
  • 31 January – The European Union (Referendum) Bill is rejected by the House of Lords after peers vote not to allow more time for a debate, effectively killing off the proposed legislation.[20]

February[edit]

  • 1 February – Sally Morgan, the outgoing chair of Ofsted claims she is the victim of a "determined effort" by 10 Downing Street to appoint more Conservatives to key public sector positions.[21]
  • 5 February – Part of the South Devon Railway sea wall carrying the railway line linking London with the west of England is washed away by a powerful storm that has hit the UK overnight. Thousands of homes are also left without electricity.[22] Prime Minister David Cameron announces that an extra £100 million will be spent on dealing with the aftermath of the floods that have hit the UK.[23]
  • 6 February –
  • 7–23 February – Great Britain competes at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia and wins 1 gold, one silver and two bronze medals. This is Great Britain's best performance at a winter games since 1924.
  • 8 February –
    • Immigration minister Mark Harper resigns from the government after it was disclosed that his cleaner did not have permission to work in the UK.[26]
    • Rail links to South West England are cut off as fresh storms hit the area.[27]
  • 11 February – After visiting some of the country's flood hit areas, David Cameron says that "money is no object" as he announces measures to help those affected by the storms. He also warns that things may get worse before they get better. 1,600 troops are deployed to help in the relief effort, with more available if needed.[28]
  • 20 February – A 4.1 magnitude earthquake is recorded under the Bristol Channel.[29]
  • 22 February – Archbishop of Westminster Vincent Nichols, leader of the Roman Catholic Church in England and Wales, is created a cardinal at a ceremony in Vatican City.[30]
  • 25 February – A suspect in the 1982 IRA Hyde Park bombing will not face trial after a judge ruled he cannot be prosecuted because he was mistakenly given an official assurance that he would not face trial. Some 182 letters have been issued as part of the Northern Ireland peace process.[31]
  • 26 February – The two men convicted of the murder of Lee Rigby are sentenced to life imprisonment, Michael Adebolajo without the possibility of parole, and Michael Adebowale with the possibility of parole after 45 years.[32]
  • 27 February – Prime Minister David Cameron appoints a judge to review the crisis over letters sent to paramilitary suspects advising them they would not be prosecuted after First Minister of Northern Ireland Peter Robinson threatened to resign over the issue. The inquiry will present its findings by end of May.[33]
  • 28 February – Spree killer Joanne Dennehy is given a whole life sentence for three murders and two attempted murders committed in 2013.[34]

March[edit]

  • 5 March – Birmingham City Council is to sell the NEC Group because the authority is facing legal claims over equal pay totalling more than £1bn.[35]
  • 6 March –
  • 7–16 March – Great Britain finish 10th in the medal table of the 2014 Winter Paralympics, with six medals, the most successful Games since Innsbruck in 1984. Four of Britain's medals were won by visually impaired skier Jade Etherington, making her the greatest British Winter Paralympian of all-time.[38]
  • 11 March – MPs vote 297–239 to allow the controversial Clause 119 element of the Care Bill that will allow ministers to close hospitals in an NHS trust if a neighbouring trust is in financial difficulty, even if the hospital concerned is performing well.[39]
  • 18 March – Scottish Labour's Devolution Commission publishes its long-awaited report setting out proposals for enhanced devolution that will be implemented if Scotland votes no in the referendum and Labour are elected in 2015.[40][41]
  • 19 March – As part of the 2014 budget, Chancellor George Osborne announces that a new £1 coin will be introduced from 2017. Current £1 coins are vulnerable to counterfeiting, but the new 12-sided two-metal coin, based on the Threepenny bit will be more difficult to copy.[42]
  • 28 March – BBC research suggests that less than 6% of social housing tenants affected by the bedroom tax—an aspect of the 2012 Welfare Reform Act that penalises tenants in receipt of Housing Benefit with spare bedrooms—have moved house as a result of the controversial measure.[43]
  • 29 March – The first gay weddings take place in England and Wales following a change in the law in 2013 allowing same-sex marriage.[44]
  • 31 March – A jury is selected to hear a fresh inquest into the 96 deaths caused by the 1989 Hillsborough disaster.[45]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

  • 5 June – US President Barack Obama says the US's interest in the Scottish independence referendum issue is to ensure it retains a "strong, robust, united and effective partner".[69]
  • 6 June – Robert Jenrick is elected as the Conservative MP for Newark following yesterday's by-election, becoming the first Tory candidate to win a by-election for 25 years. However, the party's majority is reduced by 10,000 following a significant UKIP vote.[70]
  • 7 June – Education Secretary Michael Gove apologises to David Cameron and a Home Office official over a row with Home Secretary Theresa May about how to tackle Islamic extremism following recent revelations about a Muslim plot to take over schools in Birmingham. In addition, May's special adviser, Fiona Cunningham resigns over the row.[71]
  • 9 June – The teaching of creationism is banned from free schools and academies.[72]
  • 12 June – The England national football team competes at the World Cup in Brazil. The team is eliminated after the first round, having finished bottom of their group after failing to win any of their 3 matches and gaining just 1 point.
  • 21 June – Jane Hedges is installed as the first female Dean of Norwich.[73]
  • 24 June – Former News of the World editor and Downing Street Director of Communications Andy Coulson is found guilty of conspiring to hack phones.[74]
  • 25 June – The jury in the phone hacking trial is dismissed after failing to reach a verdict on outstanding charges against Andy Coulson. The trial's judge, Mr Justice Saunders, rebukes Prime Minister David Cameron for commenting on Coulson's conviction the previous day while the trial was still ongoing.[75]
  • 30 June –
    • Andy Coulson and Clive Goodman are to face a retrial on charges they bought royal telephone directories from police officers.[76]
    • Following a trial at Southwark Crown Court, entertainer Rolf Harris is found guilty on 12 counts of indecent assault between 1968 and 1986.[77]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

  • 1 December –
    • Former Prime Minister Gordon Brown announces he is to stand down as an MP at the next general election after 32 years.[180]
    • Suffolk doctor Myles Bradbury pleads guilty to abusing eighteen young cancer patients in his care at Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge between 2009 and 2013. He is sentenced to 22 years.[181]
  • 3 December – As part of the Autumn Statement, Chancellor George Osborne replaces stamp duty for home buyers with a graduated scheme similar to income tax.[182]
  • 5 December – Scotland reduces its drink-drive limit from 80 mg to 50 mg, bringing the country's legal limit into line with much of mainland Europe.[183]
  • 6 December – Reports surface that former Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond will stand for Parliament in the Gordon constituency at the 2015 general election.[184] Salmond confirms his intention to contest the constituency the following day.[185]
  • 7 December – Greetings card retailer Clintons withdraws a tongue-in-cheek Christmas card detailing ten reasons why Santa Claus "must live on a council estate" after it was deemed to be offensive by the public.[186]
  • 10 December – A "weather bomb" hits the north of the UK, causing winds of up to 144 mph, cutting power from tens of thousands of homes, and creating travel disruptions across land and sea.[187]
  • 12 December – Disruption is caused at airports across the country due to a computer system failure at the UK's air traffic control centre, causing hundreds of delays and over eighty cancellations at Heathrow. Delays and cancellations continue the following day.[188]
  • 13 December – MP Jim Murphy is elected as the new Scottish Labour leader beating MSPs Neil Findlay and Sarah Boyack with 55.7% of the vote, declaring it his "driving purpose" to end poverty and inequality. Meanwhile, Kezia Dugdale is elected as the party's new deputy leader.[189]
  • 16 December – Leader of the House of Commons William Hague sets out Conservative plans for English votes for English laws, which could see Scottish MPs prevented from voting on legislation that does not affect Scotland.[190]
  • 17 December – Reverend Libby Lane becomes the new Bishop of Stockport, the first female bishop for the Church of England since the change to canon law just a month ago.[191]
  • 19 December –
  • 22 December – Six people are killed after a refuse lorry crashes into a group of people in Glasgow's George Square.[194]
  • 25 December – Parcel delivery firm City Link announces that it has gone into administration after substantial losses. The general secretary of the RMT union calls the timing of the announcement a "disgrace".[195]
  • 29 December – The Scottish government confirms a case of Ebola being treated in a Glasgow hospital. The victim is a healthcare worker who had travelled back from Sierra Leone the previous day.[196]
  • 31 December –
    • Healthcare worker Pauline Cafferkey receives an unnamed experimental anti-viral drug and blood plasma from Ebola survivors as part of her treatment.[197]
    • City Link's administrators announce the loss of 2,356 jobs after a deal to buy the firm fell through.[198]

Undated[edit]

  • 2014 was the UK's warmest year since records began with an average temperature of 9.9C, 0.2C higher than the previous record set in 2006. The record means that eight of the UK's top ten warmest years have occurred since 2002.[199]

Publications[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

Main article: Deaths in 2014

January[edit]

Journalist Simon Hoggart in 2006

February[edit]

Stuart Hall

March[edit]

Tony Benn in 2007

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

Drummer Rod de'Ath

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

P. D. James in 2013

December[edit]

Ian McLagan in 2006

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Further reading[edit]