2015 Pan American Games

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XVII Pan American Games
2015 Pan American Games logo.svg
The official logo of the
Toronto 2015 Pan American Games.
Host city Toronto
Country Canada
Motto United we play
Nations participating 41
Athletes participating 6,066 (quota limit)
Events 365 in 36 sports
Opening ceremony July 10
Closing ceremony July 26
Main venue Rogers Centre
Website www.toronto2015.org
2011 Guadalajara 2019 Lima  >

The 2015 Pan American Games, officially the XVII Pan American Games or the 17th Pan American Games, is a major international multi-sport event that is scheduled to be held from July 10–26, 2015, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, with some events held in seventeen other Golden Horseshoe communities such as Hamilton and Markham among others. Approximately 6,000 athletes from 41 nations are expected to participate in 36 sports.[1] The first event, water polo, will begin three days earlier, on July 7.[2] Both the Pan American and Parapan American Games are being organized by the Toronto 2015 Organizing Committee (TO2015). The 2015 Pan American Games will become the third Pan American Games hosted by Canada and the first by the province of Ontario. Previously, Canada hosted the 1967 Pan American Games and the 1999 Pan American Games, both in Winnipeg, Manitoba. The 2015 Parapan American Games will be held twelve days after the Pan American Games.

Following Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) tradition, Toronto mayor Rob Ford and Canadian Minister for Sport Bal Gosal received the Pan American Sports Organization flag during the closing ceremony of the 2011 Pan American Games in Guadalajara, Mexico.[3]

The 2015 Pan American Games will become the first completely ecologically friendly games, because it will be fully carbon neutral.[4] The Games will also be the largest multi-sport event ever to be held in Canada (in terms of athletes competing), double the size of the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver.[5]

Bidding Process[edit]

Toronto was selected by the Canadian Olympic Committee as the official bid city from Canada for the 2015 Pan American Games

The Canadian Olympic Committee chose Toronto and the surrounding region as the Canadian candidate. No other Canadian city was given a chance to bid in a domestic race, and thus Toronto was selected without a vote.[6] Toronto's interest in bidding came after failing to land the 1996 Summer Olympics and the 2008 Summer Olympics, which were held in Atlanta and Beijing respectively.

On February 23, 2009 both Toronto City Council and Hamilton City Council approved the bid officially and confirmed their intentions to support the successful hosting of the event.[7] The official bid book document was submitted to the Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) on May 27, 2009.[8]

PASO made an evaluation visit to Toronto between August 30 and 31, 2009. The team analyzed the candidate city features and provided its feedback back to voting members of PASO. The evaluation committee was headed by Julio Maglione, a member of the IOC representing Uruguay and the head of Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA), the international swimming federation. After the visit Maglione said, "Toronto has all the conditions to play host to the Pan American Games".[9]

Toronto won the bidding process to host the Pan and Parapan American Games by a vote of the Pan American Sports Organization on November 6, 2009, at the PASO Session held in Guadalajara, Mexico. The result was announced by PASO President Mario Vázquez Raña.[10] Toronto faced two other finalists shortlisted Lima, Peru, and Bogotá, Colombia. Toronto earned 33 votes, while contesting candidate cities Lima and Bogotá received 11 and 7 votes, respectively.[11]

2015 Pan American Games bidding results
City NOC Round 1
Toronto  Canada 33
Lima  Peru 11
Bogotá  Colombia 7

Development and preparation[edit]

The current politician responsible for this Game is Michael Coteau, the Minister Responsible for the 2015 Pan and Parapan American Games.[12] Previous ministers responsible for the Games were Charles Sousa, Eric Hoskins, and Michael Chan.

Venues[edit]

CIBC Pan Am/Parapan Am Athletics Stadium under construction in 2013.
Rogers Centre: Ceremonies venue.

Toronto will become one of the most populous cities in history to hold the Pan American Games. In July, the month when the Games will be held, Toronto has an average mean temperature of 22.3 °C (72.1 °F) and afternoon maximum average of 26.6 °C (79.9 °F) The average humidity is 74%, and the city (downtown area) averages five days with the temperature exceeding 30 °C (86 °F) and about 65 millimetres (2.6 in) of precipitation, mostly brief periods of showers and sometimes thunderstorms. Toronto's elevation is 112 m (367 ft 5 12 in) above sea level,[13] which provides optimal and ideal conditions for athletes.[citation needed]

In January 2012, the organizing committee announced that sixty percent of the originally proposed venues would be dropped, in favour of a clustering system seen at other multi-sport events such as the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, United Kingdom.[14]

The opening and closing ceremonies will be held at Rogers Centre. Some of the competition venues in the Toronto area included National Soccer Stadium, the Pan Am Field Hockey Centre, the Toronto Sports Centre and the Pan American and Parapan American Aquatics Centre and Field House. Competition venues outside the city of Toronto include the Hamilton Pan Am Soccer Stadium, Mississauga Sports Centre, Markham Pan Am Centre in Markham, the Oshawa Boxing Centre in Oshawa, and the Royal Canadian Henley Rowing Course in St. Catharines.

Financing[edit]

The Toronto 2015 Organizing Committee (TO2015), along with all three levels of government, will spend about C$1.4 billion in upgrading and building new venues in the region.[15] The provincial government (Ontario) and the Canadian federal government would provide 35% each of the funding, with the municipalities covering the remaining 30% of the cost. In addition, C$1 billion will be spent on building an athletes' village in the West Don Lands area of Toronto. Therefore, the total spent will be $2.4 billion, the highest ever spent for a Pan American Games. Later in 2011, Toronto's contribution to the games almost doubled from $49.5 million to $96.5 million for several reasons: the athletics stadium was moved to York University from Hamilton, the soil was to be remediated at the University of Toronto Scarborough where the proposed aquatics centre is supposed to be built, more money was needed for the proposed BMX track and the increase in inflation.[16] $700 million Canadian dollars will be spent to build and renovate infrastructure in the region, about three times what was spent for the 2011 Pan American Games.[17]

Sponsorship[edit]

Private sponsors currently include Chevrolet Canada.[18] Another sponsorship deal with CAA South Central Ontario originally announced in January 2014 was subsequently terminated in May.[18]

Public transport[edit]

The Union Pearson Express, an airport rail link from Toronto Pearson International Airport to Union Station, is planned to open in advance of the Pan Am Games.[19] In addition, a new GO Transit train station in Hamilton at James Street North will open in time for the Games. However, the extension of the 1 Yonge–University–Spadina subway line to Vaughan Metropolitan Centre will not open in time.

Public trails[edit]

See also: Pan Am Path

In October 2013, an expansion of the Pan Am site was announced to help complete 250 kilometres (160 mi) in gaps in Ontario's Trans Canada Trail and connect communities from Ottawa to Windsor and Fort Erie to Huntsville in time for the Games. Connections to the Waterfront Trail were expected to be expanded and complete gaps in the Trail.

Premier of Ontario Kathleen Wynne announced, "The province is investing more than $3.5 million in Pan Am/Parapan Am Trails to help create a continuous trail of more than 2,000 kilometres."[20]

Athlete's Village[edit]

The athlete's village under construction in August 2013.

The Athlete's Village will be located in the West Don Lands along Front Street between Bayview Avenue and Cherry Street. It will have the capacity to hold 10,000 athletes and officials during the Pan Am and Parapan Am Games and after the games will be converted into housing. The development will be certified LEED Gold.[21]

Volunteers[edit]

The organization committee expects 20,000 volunteers will be required for Pan Am and Parapan Am Games.[22]

Ticketing[edit]

Ticket sales started in September 2014. The Games expect to have 1.4 million tickets for sale, with over 75% of them priced under $45. The first tranche of tickets was to be allocated via a lottery system.[23][24]

Countdown[edit]

Security[edit]

In April 2014 the Ontario provincial auditor general announced the launch of a value-for-money audit of the contract awarded to a U.S.-based firm Contemporary Security Canada to provide security at the Games.[25] The contract, at value of $81 million, was the highest bid submitted and $14 million more than the runner-up.[26]

In May 2014, Patrick Allen the manager of Emergency Medical Services and health and safety for the Games was let go.[27]

As of May 2014, the Ontario provincial government estimates that security will cost $239 million, more than twice the original estimate of $113 million.[18]

Medals[edit]

Torch relay[edit]

An application period for Canadians to carry the torch opened in October 2014, to continue until December.[28]

The Games[edit]

Participating nations[edit]

All 41 nations of PASO are expected to compete. This represents a drop of one from the 2011 Pan American Games, as the Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee was dissolved in 2011.[29] The numbers in parenthesis represents the number of participants qualified.

Sports[edit]

A total of 36 sports, 52 disciplines and 365 medal events will be contested at the games.[30] Basque pelota is the only sport dropped from the last games.[31] Golf (after being added to the Olympic program for 2016) will be making its Pan American Games debut.[31] Canoe slalom, the only Olympic discipline to never have been held at the Games, will also make its debut,[32] meaning for the first time ever the entire Olympic program will be contested.[31] Furthermore, both canoe disciplines will have C-1 events for women for the first time ever.[32] Women's baseball[33] and rugby sevens[24] will also make their debuts, with men's softball returning to the program, after last being contested in 2003.[34]

Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of medal events proposed to be contested in each sport/discipline.

Calendar[edit]

This is the proposed calendar for the 2015 Pan American Games. Subject to change.

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Event finals CC Closing ceremony
July 7
Tue
8
Wed
9
Thu
10
Fri
11
Sat
12
Sun
13
Mon
14
Tue
15
Wed
16
Thu
17
Fri
18
Sat
19
Sun
20
Mon
21
Tue
22
Wed
23
Thu
24
Fri
25
Sat
26
Sun
Events
Ceremonies OC CC
Archery 2 2 4
Athletics 1 2 9 8 8 9 10 1 47
Badminton 2 3 5
Baseball 1 1 2
Basketball 1 1 2
Beach volleyball 2 2
Bowling 2 2 4
Boxing 13
Canoeing 1 1 5 6 5 18
Cycling 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 18
Diving 2 2 4 8
Equestrian 1 1 2 1 1 6
Fencing 2 2 2 2 2 2 12
Field hockey 1 1 2
Football 1 1 2
Golf 4 4
Gymnastics 1 1 2 5 5 2 6 6 24
Handball 1 1 2
Judo 14
Karate 3 3 4 10
Modern pentathlon 1 1 2
Racquetball 4 2 6
Roller sports 4 4 8
Rowing 4 5 5 14
Rugby sevens 2 2
Sailing 5 5 10
Shooting 2 3 1 2 1 2 2 2 15
Softball 1 1 2
Squash 2 2 2 6
Swimming 1 1 6 8 6 8 6 34
Synchronized swimming 2 2
Table tennis 2 2 4
Taekwondo 2 2 2 2 8
Tennis 3 2 5
Triathlon 1 1 2
Volleyball 1 1 2
Water polo 1 1 2
Water skiing 3 6 9
Weightlifting 3 3 3 3 3 15
Wrestling 4 5 5 4 18
Total events 2 16 23 21 28 32 22 18 36 39 11 20 20 24 24 32 6 365
Cumulative total 2 18 41 62 90 102 124 142 178 217 228 248 268 292 316 348 365
July 7
Tue
8
Wed
9
Thu
10
Fri
11
Sat
12
Sun
13
Mon
14
Tue
15
Wed
16
Thu
17
Fri
18
Sat
19
Sun
20
Mon
21
Tue
22
Wed
23
Thu
24
Fri
25
Sat
26
Sun
Events

Broadcasting[edit]

Marketing[edit]

[edit]

The original bid logo for the games

Toronto's bid logo was launched on October 2, 2008, with the then Toronto mayor David Miller and then head of the organizing committee David Peterson unveiling the logo to the public. The bid logo looks like an abstract maple leaf with three sections, each section made up of two strokes in the shape of a "v" with a spot in the centre. The colours are green, red and blue. This was the official logo of the games until 2010 when the new logo was launched.[35]

On September 29, 2010, the official logo of the games was unveiled at a street party at Maple Leaf Square.[36] According to Ian Troop, the chief executive officer of Toronto 2015 organizing committee, the logo is designed on the basis of the different art styles seen throughout the countries of PASO.

The colours in the logo are green, blue and orange. The logo has three distinct shapes each with one of the three colours. The bottom two represent a “T and O” which represents the city in which the games will be held, Toronto. The year 2015 is written inside the letters.[37]

Mascot[edit]

"Pachi the Porcupine" was selected by a panel of children who voted online. The design was created by four schoolgirls from Markham, Ontario,[38] who derived the name "Pachi" from a Japanese phrase meaning "clapping with joy".[39] Pachi was designed with forty-one quills, representing the attending nations,[39] in five colours, representing the virtues: youth, passion, collaboration, determination and creativity.[citation needed]

Scheduling concerns[edit]

The Aquatics events (besides Water polo, where a scheduling conflict is unavoidable) at the 2015 Pan American Games are scheduled to be held roughly around the same time as the 2015 World Aquatics Championships scheduled in Kazan, Russia and the 2015 Summer Universiade in Gwangju, South Korea. The Organizing Committee's goal is to have the best athletes competing at the Games and thus the schedule for the other four aquatics disciplines had to be changed to accommodate athletes. The synchronized swimming competition actually was moved to the day before the Opening ceremony, diving events begin on the day of the opening ceremony (when events are traditionally not held on the day of the ceremony), open water swimming was moved to the first weekend of the games and swimming was reduced to a five day schedule (down from seven in Guadalajara). All events are scheduled to be completed by July 18, the day before the opening ceremonies of the World Championships.[40][41]

Other events that might be impacted include the women's football event, which holds its World Cup and ends the Sunday before the Opening ceremony.[42] Toronto and Hamilton decided not to bid to host matches during the said World Cup due to a potential conflict with the Games.[43]

The Honda Indy Toronto auto race, held traditionally in mid-July at a street circuit near Exhibition Place, is expected to be affected for the 2015 edition.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "TO2015 to Host Meeting of Top Sports Officials, Delegations from Americas and Caribbean". CNW Group. September 17, 2013. Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Competition Schedule". http://www.toronto2015.org. TO2015. August 18, 2014. Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Focus of Pan Am Games shifts to Toronto". CTV News. October 31, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Toronto secures 2015 Pan Am Games". The London Free Press. November 7, 2009. Retrieved May 9, 2013. 
  5. ^ Cayley, Shawn (August 12, 2014). "Countdown is on to Pan American and Parapan American Games in Durham Region". durhamregion.com (Metroland Media Group). Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  6. ^ Gerein, Keith (August 15, 2008). "Pursuit of 2015 Universiade may be futile". Edmonton Journal (Edmonton, Canada: Postmedia Network Inc.). Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Pan Am Games bid gets critical endorsement". CNW Group. February 23, 2009. Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Toronto Submits 2015 Pan American Games Bid Book". http://www.canadiancyclist.com/. May 27, 2009. Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Pan Am Bid Evaluation Head Enthusiastic About Toronto Venues And Bid Legacy". Barbados Gazette. September 1, 2009. Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Toronto wins 2015 Pan Am Games". Toronto Star (John D. Cruickshank). September 9, 2009. Retrieved April 7, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Toronto wins bid to host 2015 Pan Am Games". The Canadian Press (Toronto, Canada: CP24). November 6, 2009. 
  12. ^ "Michael Coteau, MPP". Legislative Assembly of Ontario. 2014. 
  13. ^ "Discover Toronto | Toronto 2015 Pan Am / Parapan American Games". Toronto2015.org. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  14. ^ Pan Am Games set for big venue changes
  15. ^ Toronto 2015- Frequently asked questions
  16. ^ "Toronto’s Pan Am costs to double". Toronto Star. January 13, 2011. Retrieved April 8, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Rumbo a 2015 Toronto toma la estafeta panamericana - Más Deportes - Panamericanos - mediotiempo.com". Msn.mediotiempo.com. October 31, 2011. Retrieved January 30, 2014. 
  18. ^ a b c Thursday, August 14, 2014 5:36 PM EDT (May 23, 2014). "Pan Am Games end sponsorship deal with CAA | Toronto Star". Thestar.com. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  19. ^ on Union-Pearson air-rail link to start this spring
  20. ^ "People Across the Province Will Benefit from the 2015 Pan Am and Parapan Am Games". Government of Ontario. October 3, 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Toronto 2015 Athletes' Village / West Don Lands / Explore Projects / Waterfront Toronto". Waterfrontoronto.ca. Retrieved January 30, 2014. 
  22. ^ "2015 Pan Am Games Volunteer Opportunities". TO2015. 
  23. ^ "2015 Pan Am & Parapan Am Games Tickets". Toronto 2015. January 1, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  24. ^ a b "Pan Am Games Tickets: Be Here for Gold-Medal History". http://www.toronto2015.org/. TO2015. August 18, 2014. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Auditor general to audit Pan Am Games security contract | Toronto Star". Thestar.com. April 2, 2014. Retrieved May 27, 2014. 
  26. ^ "NDP wants probe of Pan Am security contract that went to U.S. firm | Toronto Star". Thestar.com. March 26, 2014. Retrieved May 27, 2014. 
  27. ^ "Pandemonium at Pan Am top? | Levy | Ontario | News". Toronto Sun. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  28. ^ "Torchbearers". Toronto 2015 Torch Relay. Retrieved October 20, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Curtain comes down on 123rd IOC Session". http://www.olympic.org/. International Olympic Committee. July 9, 2011. Retrieved September 17, 2014. 
  30. ^ Bell, Anne (September 21, 2013). "Swim Ontario Sport Organizing Committee Chair – Anne Bell". http://www.swimontario.com/. TO2015. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  31. ^ a b c Degun, Tom (February 13, 2013). "Golf to make Pan Am Games debut at Toronto 2015 as 36 sports confirmed on programme". http://www.insidethegames.biz/. Insidethegames. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  32. ^ a b "Canoe Slalom and Canoe Women events added to Pan-American Games in 2015". http://www.canoeicf.com/. International Canoe Federation. February 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  33. ^ "2015 Pan Am Games to include women’s baseball". http://www.baseball.ca/. Baseball Canada. February 11, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  34. ^ "Men's and Women's Softball Selected to 2015 Pan American Games Program". http://www.softball.bc.ca/. Softball BC. February 12, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  35. ^ "Toronto 2015 Pan American Games Bid Officially Launched". GamesBids. October 2, 2008. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  36. ^ "Pan Am Games team reveals 2015 logo". Toronto Star. September 29, 2010. Retrieved April 8, 2011. 
  37. ^ "Toronto 2015 Pan American Games Logo Unveiled". LogoDesignNetworks.com. September 29, 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  38. ^ Zwolinski, Mark (July 17, 2013). "Pan Am Games: Pachi the Porcupine Introduced as Mascot". Toronto Star. 
  39. ^ a b "Meet Pachi the Porcupine, Toronto's Pan Am Mascot". CBC. July 17, 2013. 
  40. ^ Report on Toronto SOC Meeting (May 22, 2013)
  41. ^ UANA Executive Committee Meeting & Reports from Technical Chairs
  42. ^ Extraordinary General Assembly of PASO/ODEPA in Jamaica
  43. ^ Toronto won’t host any World Cup games

External links[edit]