2016 Summer Olympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from 2016 Olympics)
Jump to: navigation, search
Games of the XXXI Olympiad
2016 Summer Olympics logo.svg
Official logo of the 2016 Summer Olympics. More..
Host city Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Motto Live your passion
(Portuguese: Viva sua paixão)
Events 306 in 28 sports
Opening ceremony August 5
Closing ceremony August 21
Stadium Maracanã Stadium

The 2016 Summer Olympics (Portuguese: Jogos Olímpicos de Verão de 2016), officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad and as Rio 2016, is a major international multi-sport event due to be celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games, as governed by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The host city of the Games will be Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, announced at the 121st IOC Session held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on October 2, 2009. They are scheduled to be held from August 5 to 21, 2016. There will be 35 competition venues mainly in Barra da Tijuca, but also in three other zones: Copacabana, Deodoro, and Maracanã. It will mark the first time a South American city hosts the event, the third to host in the Southern Hemisphere (and the first time in a Southern Hemisphere country other than Australia), and also the first time a Portuguese speaking country hosts the event.[1] These will be the first Summer Olympic Games since the Sydney 2000 Olympics not to be held in the host nation's capital city and the second Olympics Games in Latin America, after Mexico City in 1968.

Bidding process[edit]

The bidding process for the 2016 Summer Olympic Games was officially launched on May 16, 2007.[2] The first step for each city was to submit an initial application to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) by September 13, 2007, confirming their intention to bid. Completed official bid files, containing answers to a 25-question IOC form, were to be submitted by each applicant city by January 14, 2008. Four candidate cities were chosen for the shortlist on June 4, 2008: Chicago, Madrid, Rio de Janeiro, and Tokyo (which hosted the 1964 Summer Olympics). The IOC did not promote Doha to the Candidature phase, despite scoring higher than selected candidate city Rio de Janeiro, due to their intent of hosting the Olympics in October, outside of the IOC's sporting calendar. Prague and Baku also failed to make the cut.[3]

Nawal El Moutawakel of Morocco headed the 10 member Evaluation Commission, having also chaired the evaluation commission for the 2012 Summer Olympics bids. The commission made on-site inspections in the second quarter of 2009. They issued a comprehensive technical appraisal for IOC members on September 2, one month before elections.[4]

There are many restrictions barring the bidding cities from communicating with or influencing directly the 115 voting members. Cities cannot invite any IOC members to visit them and they cannot send them anything that can be construed as a gift. However, bidding cities invest large sums in their PR and media programs in an attempt to indirectly influence the IOC members by garnering domestic support, support from sports media and general international media. Jon Tibbs, a consultant on the Tokyo bid, was recently quoted as saying “Ultimately, you are communicating with just 115 people and each one has influencers and pressure groups but you are still speaking to no more than about 1,500 people, perhaps 5,000 in the broadest sense. It is not just about getting ads out there but it is about a targeted and very carefully planned campaign.”[5]

The final voting was held on October 2, 2009, in Copenhagen with Chicago and Rio de Janeiro perceived as favourites to land the games. Chicago and Tokyo were eliminated after the first and second rounds of voting, respectively, while Rio de Janeiro took a significant lead over Madrid heading into the final round. The lead held and Rio de Janeiro was announced as host, becoming the first city in South America to host an Olympic games.

2016 Summer Olympics bidding results[6]
City NOC Round 1 Round 2 Round 3
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 26 46 66
Madrid  Spain 28 29 32
Tokyo  Japan 22 20
Chicago  United States 18

Development and preparation[edit]

On June 26, 2011 it was reported on AroundTheRings.com that Roderlei Generali, the COO of the Rio de Janeiro Organizing Committee for the Olympic Games, resigned just one year after taking the job at ROOC. This comes just five months after CCO Flávio Pestana quit for personal reasons.[7] Pestana withdrew later during the 2012 Summer Paralympics. Renato Ciuchin was then appointed as COO.[8]

Venues and infrastructure[edit]

Map of Rio de Janeiro showing the competition venues for the 2016 Summer Olympics.

Barra da Tijuca will host most of the venues of the Olympic and Paralympic Games in 2016. The rest will be located in three other zones: Copacabana Beach, Maracanã and Deodoro; Barra da Tijuca will also house the Olympic Village.

Rio's historical downtown is undergoing a large-scale urban waterfront revitalization project called Porto Maravilha.[9] It covers 5 km2 (1.9 sq mi) in area. The project aims to redevelop the port area increasing the city center's attractiveness and enhancing Rio’s competitiveness position in the global economy. The urban renovation involves: 700 km (430 mi) of public networks for water supply, sanitation, drainage, electricity, gas and telecom; 4 km (2.5 mi) of tunnels; 70 km (43 mi) of roads; 650 km2 (250 sq mi) of sidewalks; 17 km (11 mi) of bike path; 15,000 trees; three sanitation treatment plants.

Besides the Maracanã Stadium and Engenhão, the football matches will also take place in Salvador (Arena Fonte Nova), São Paulo (Estádio do Morumbi or Arena Corinthians),[10] Belo Horizonte (Estádio Mineirão) and Brasília (Estádio Nacional de Brasília). All of these stadiums, with the exception of Morumbi, will also be used in the 2014 FIFA World Cup.

Existing venues[edit]

Security[edit]

Since the award of the 2016 Olympics to Rio de Janeiro, the city's crime problems have received more attention. A police helicopter was shot down over a favela during one of the city's many drug wars, and the pilot was killed in the incident.[12] Rio's mayor has admitted that there are "big issues" facing the city in securing the games from violence. However, he also states that such concerns and issues were presented to the IOC throughout the bidding process.[13] The governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro also highlighted the fact that London faced security problems with a terrorist attack occurring on the day following the IOC session that chose the city to host the 2012 Olympic Games.

The IOC, however, has expressed optimism with allowing the city and the nation of Brazil to address these concerns.[14] Seven years is enough time for Rio de Janeiro to clean up its crime problem the IOC says. IOC spokesman Mark Adams told The Associated Press "we have confidence in their capacity to deliver a safe Games in seven years." "Security is of course a very important aspect of any Olympic Games no matter where it is in the world. This is of course entirely under the national, regional and city authorities."[15][16][17] Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, former president of Brazil, has noted that the city has hosted other high-profile events without major incident, for example the 2007 Pan American Games.[18]

Rio de Janeiro is planning to pacify local neighbourhoods or favelas. Community-based Police Pacification Units (UPPs) will be used to combine trust-building in individual communities, through the use of street patrols and civic work.[19] Moreover, in the state of Rio de Janeiro, homicides have fallen to the lowest level since 1991, indicating the success of Brazil's "pacification" project implemented for the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Summer Olympics.[20] The Regional Institute of Public Safety reported that the homicide rate of Rio de Janeiro for the first five months of 2012 was at its lowest in the past 21 years, with 10.9 homicides for every 100,000 habitants.[20][21] Nonetheless, despite the decline in homicides and human rights abuses, the Human Rights Watch urged Brazil to investigate extrajudicial killings.[22]

Anti-fraud plan[edit]

On June 11, 2010, the federal government launched a program to protect the tenders for work in preparation for the 2014 World Cup and the 2016 Olympic Games against the possibility of fraud. The plan, known as Jogando Limpo (Fair Playing or Playing It Clean), includes a series of guidelines and nuggets of advice so that the government institutions, and also the tax authorities and common citizens themselves, may identify and denounce attempts at fraud against the tenders. The program, which was launched by the Ministries of Justice and of Sports, also plans the establishment of a group dedicating to monitoring tenders, to protect them against the threat of fraud and also to avoid delays in construction work.

This initiative, also boosted by the Office of the Comptroller General, also plans a campaign to make the people aware of the need to pay attention to possible fraud and to always denounce such cases. The program emphasizes measures against cartels and possible agreements between competing companies to set prices above market levels, in an attempt to raise the value of the contracts with the state. Minister for Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto lanched the programme in saying: "Nothing can be worse than someone taking advantage of these two great opportunities to commit crimes. This is a world phenomenon. The businesspeople could be entering with an agreement on prices, in order to compete in these tenders. This is something that needs to be tackled. We need to promote fair play also in our tenders. Fair play is something we would expect from a country intending to host events of this size." He added that, between 2007 and 2010, there were a total of 265 search and seizure warrants issued in Brazil to tackle the crime of cartel formation. In the same period over 100 people were preventively arrested for the same crime, and currently an additional 251 people are being investigated.[23]

The Games[edit]

Sports[edit]

There were two open spots for sports and initially seven sports began the bidding for inclusion in the 2016 program. Baseball and softball, which were dropped from the program in 2005, karate, squash, golf, roller sports, and rugby union all applied to be included. Leaders of the seven sports held presentations in front of the IOC executive board in June 2009.[24]

In August, the executive board initially gave its approval to rugby sevens —a seven-man version of rugby union— by a majority vote, thus removing baseball, roller sports, and squash from contention. Among the remaining three —golf, karate, and softball—, the board approved golf as a result of consultation. The final decision regarding the remaining two sports was made on October 9, 2009, the final day of the 121st IOC Session. A new system was in place at this session; a sport now needed only a simple majority from the full IOC committee for approval rather than the two-thirds majority previously required.[25][26] International Golf Federation executive director Antony Scanlon said that the top players, including Tiger Woods and Annika Sörenstam, would show their continued support of golf's Olympic involvement by participating in the events.[27]

In May 2012, the International Sailing Federation announced that windsurfing would be removed from the 2016 Olympic sailing programme and replaced by kitesurfing.[28] This decision was reversed in November.[29]

In January 2013, representatives for the IOC announced that the commission would be forced to review the status of cycling events following Lance Armstrong's admission to the use of performance-enhancing drugs amid accusations that senior members of the Union Cycliste Internationale —the governing body of cycling— had participated in a cover-up of widespread blood doping within the sport.[30]

In contrast to the exception during the 2012 Olympics, the International Gymnastics Federation announced that these Games will have a gala event for gymnastics.[31]

The 2016 Summer Olympic programme features 28 sports and a total of 41 disciplines and 306 events.

Calendar[edit]

All dates are Brasília Time (UTC–3)

This calendar is adapted from the candidature file.[32] This calendar does not yet include:

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Gold medals EG Exhibition gala CC Closing ceremony
August 3
Wed
4
Thu
5
Fri
6
Sat
7
Sun
8
Mon
9
Tue
10
Wed
11
Thu
12
Fri
13
Sat
14
Sun
15
Mon
16
Tue
17
Wed
18
Thu
19
Fri
20
Sat
21
Sun
Gold medals
Ceremonies OC CC
Archery 1 1 1 1 4
Athletics 2 3 6 6 5 4 6 7 7 1 47
Badminton 1 1 1 2 5
Basketball 1 1 2
Boxing 5 6 11
Canoeing 2 2 6 6 16
Cycling 1 1 2 1 3 1 2 3 1 1 1 1 18
Diving 1 1 1 1 2 2 8
Equestrian 2 1 1 1 1 6
Fencing 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 10
Field hockey 1 1 2
Football 1 1 2
Gymnastics 1 1 1 1 1 1 5 5 1 1 EG 18
Handball 1 1 2
Judo 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 14
Modern pentathlon 1 1 2
Rowing 7 7 14
Sailing 2 1 2 2 2 2 11
Shooting 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 15
Swimming 4 4 5 4 5 5 5 1 1 34
Synchronized swimming 1 1 2
Table tennis 1 1 1 1 4
Taekwondo 2 2 2 2 8
Tennis 2 2 4
Triathlon 1 1 2
Volleyball 1 1 1 1 4
Water polo 1 1 2
Weightlifting 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 15
Wrestling 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 15
Total gold medals 7 13 15 14 21 15 20 25 32 20 14 15 18 21 31 16 297
Cumulative total 7 20 35 49 70 85 105 130 162 182 196 211 229 250 281 297
August 3
Wed
4
Thu
5
Fri
6
Sat
7
Sun
8
Mon
9
Tue
10
Wed
11
Thu
12
Fri
13
Sat
14
Sun
15
Mon
16
Tue
17
Wed
18
Thu
19
Fri
20
Sat
21
Sun
Gold medals

[edit]

Sculpture of the logo

The Rio 2016 logo was designed by Tatíl Design, a Brazilian company, and unveiled on December 31, 2010.[33] The logo represents three figures, in the yellow, green, and blue of the Brazilian flag, joined at the arms and in a triple embrace, with the overall shape reflecting that of Sugarloaf Mountain. The logo was based on four concepts: contagious energy, harmonious diversity, exuberant nature, and Olympic spirit. The Rio firm Tatil designed the winning entry for the logo in a competition involving 139 agencies.[34] According to former IOC President Jacques Rogge, the logo captures the vision of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil for these Games. The logo has been noted as evoking Henri Matisse's painting Dance.[35]

Broadcasting[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BBC SPORT , Olympics , Rio to stage 2016 Olympic Games". BBC News. October 2, 2009. Retrieved October 4, 2009. 
  2. ^ "2016 Bid Process Launched". International Olympic Committee. May 16, 2007. 
  3. ^ "Four on 2016 Olympics short-list". BBC News. June 4, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Olympic News - Official Source of Olympic News". Olympic.org. Retrieved July 30, 2012. 
  5. ^ Rings Around the World Communicate magazine, April 2009
  6. ^ GamesBids.com Past Olympic Host Cities Selection List
  7. ^ Another Exec Quits Rio Olympics
  8. ^ [1][dead link]
  9. ^ Porto Maravilha Rio de Janeiro City Hall. Retrieved on August 10, 2012. (Portuguese).
  10. ^ "Itaquerão pode 'roubar' Olimpíada de 2016 do Morumbi". O Estado de S. Paulo. August 10, 2011. Retrieved September 8, 2013. 
  11. ^ http://www.sailing.org/2016-olympic-games.php
  12. ^ "Rio gang violence amid Olympics safety concerns". Presstv.ir. Retrieved March 15, 2010. 
  13. ^ "Rio's mayor expresses safety concerns for 2016 Olympics , ksdk.com , St. Louis, MO". ksdk.com. Retrieved March 15, 2010. 
  14. ^ Wilson, Stephen (October 20, 2009). "IOC confident in Rio despite new wave of violence". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on October 26, 2009. Retrieved July 30, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Olympic Newsdesk — IOC Confident in Rio; Obama Addresses Critics". Aroundtherings.com. October 21, 2009. Retrieved March 15, 2010. 
  16. ^ [2][dead link]
  17. ^ "IOC show confidence in Brazil efforts". ESPN. October 20, 2009. Retrieved July 30, 2012. 
  18. ^ "The Daily Advance". The Daily Advance. Retrieved March 15, 2010. [dead link]
  19. ^ "Pacifying Rio’s Favelas". latintelligence.com. Retrieved June 22, 2011. 
  20. ^ a b Knott, Tracey (June 29, 2012). "Rio de Janeiro Homicides Reach 21-Year Low". InSight Crime. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  21. ^ (Spanish) "Homicidios en Río de Janeiro llegan a su nivel más bajo desde 1991". La Nueva Provincia. June 27, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  22. ^ Stone, Hannah (June 19, 2012). "Human Rights Watch Praises, Criticizes Rio Govt". InSight Crime. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  23. ^ Anto-fraud plan in Brazil
  24. ^ "Golf among seven sports seeking inclusion in 2016 Games". ESPN. April 25, 2008. Retrieved August 20, 2008. 
  25. ^ "Olympic Leaders Approve Golf and Rugby for 2016 Summer Games". Fox News. August 13, 2009. Retrieved October 1, 2009. 
  26. ^ "Olympics 2016: IOC Approves Golf And Rugby Sevens To Be Included In Rio De Janeiro Games.". News.sky.com. Retrieved March 15, 2010. 
  27. ^ http://www.aroundtherings.com/articles/view.aspx?id=37197
  28. ^ "Kiteboarding to replace windsurfing at 2016 Rio Olympics". BBC News. Retrieved May 10, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Windsurfing restored to Brazil 2016 Olympics". BBC News. Retrieved November 14, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Armstrong confession could see cycling out of Olympics". ABC.net.au (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). January 16, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2013. 
  31. ^ "Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique : ACRO". Fig-gymnastics.com. May 23, 2012. Retrieved December 30, 2012. 
  32. ^ "CANDIDATURE FILE FOR RIO DE JANEIRO TO HOST THE 2016 OLYMPIC AND PARALYMPIC GAMES". Retrieved 23 November 2012. 
  33. ^ Nudd, Tim (August 14, 2012). "Hated the London 2012 Logo? You Might Like Rio 2016 Better Brazil's Tatíl Design tells story of its creation". Adweek. Retrieved August 14, 2012. 
  34. ^ "2016 Summer Olympics Logo: Design and History". Famouslogos.us. July 28, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2011. 
  35. ^ Rio 2016: Another Olympic logo. Another controversy - Steve Douglas - The Logo Factory - January 3, 2011
  36. ^ "IOC awards broadcast rights in 17 Asian countries for Sochi 2014 and Rio 2016". Olympic.org. August 12, 2013. Retrieved August 13, 2013. 
  37. ^ "Austria's ORF, ATV get 2014, '16 Olympic TV rights". Taiwan News. August 16, 2011. Retrieved August 18, 2011. 
  38. ^ Love, Tom (January 19, 2012). "Sportfive agrees Olympic deals in Azerbaijan". SportsPro. Retrieved January 19, 2012. 
  39. ^ Long, Michael (May 15, 2012). "Sportfive awards 2014 and 2016 Olympic rights to VRT". SportsPro. Retrieved May 16, 2012. 
  40. ^ "IOC reaches agreement for 2014 & 2016 broadcast rights in Brazil". Olympic.org. August 27, 2009. Retrieved May 2, 2011. 
  41. ^ "IOC awards 2014 and 2016 Olympic Games broadcast rights in Canada". Olympic.org. August 1, 2012. Retrieved August 2, 2012. 
  42. ^ "IOC awards 2016 broadcast rights in the Caribbean". Olympic.org. November 11, 2013. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  43. ^ "IOC awards 2014-16 broadcast rights in Central Asia". Olympic.org. July 4, 2013. Retrieved July 4, 2013. 
  44. ^ "IOC awards 2014 and 2016 Olympic Games broadcast rights in China". Olympic.org. July 28, 2012. Retrieved July 29, 2012. 
  45. ^ Love, Tom (October 11, 2012). "Olympic media rights sold in the Czech Republic". SportsPro. Retrieved October 11, 2012. 
  46. ^ Love, Tom (October 4, 2012). "Sportfive awards Danish Olympic rights". SportsPro. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  47. ^ a b c Emmett, James (July 10, 2012). "Bevy of Baltic deals for Sportfive’s Olympic group". SportsPro. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  48. ^ a b c Whittock, Jesse (July 10, 2012). "MTG wins more Olympic rights". C21Media. Retrieved July 10, 2012. 
  49. ^ a b c "IOC agrees European broadcast rights contract for 2014 and 2016 Olympic Games". Olympic.org. February 18, 2009. Retrieved May 2, 2011. 
  50. ^ Long, Michael (November 21, 2011). "YLE acquires 2014 and 2016 Olympic rights in Finland". SportsPro. Retrieved November 22, 2011. 
  51. ^ a b "IOC awards TV rights in Germany, Korea, France". USA Today. July 4, 2011. Retrieved July 30, 2012. 
  52. ^ Grohmann, Karolos (July 4, 2011). "Olympics-ZDF, ARD awarded German TV rights to 2014/2016 Games - IOC". Reuters. Retrieved July 30, 2012. 
  53. ^ "200 milliós megállapodást között a MOB az MTVA-val". HVG. November 20, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2013. 
  54. ^ Cushnan, David (August 16, 2013). "RTÉ nabs Irish rights to next two Olympic Games". SportsPro. Retrieved August 19, 2013. 
  55. ^ Cushnan, David (August 23, 2012). "Sportfive sells Olympic rights in Israel". SportsPro. Retrieved August 24, 2012. 
  56. ^ Rossi, Simone (July 11, 2013). "La Rai acquista le Olimpiadi 2016 da Sky. Oggi in cda la ratifica dell'accordo". Digital-Sat. Retrieved July 11, 2013. 
  57. ^ Emmett, James (July 15, 2013). "Rai finally reaches Olympic deal with Sky Italia". SportsPro. Retrieved July 15, 2013. 
  58. ^ "IOC awards 2014-2016 broadcast rights in Latin America". Olympic.org. March 22, 2013. Retrieved March 22, 2013. 
  59. ^ Long, Michael (February 7, 2014). "América Móvil sells more Olympic rights". SportsPro. Retrieved February 8, 2014. 
  60. ^ Cushnan, David (January 31, 2014). "ESPN bags last-gasp deal to broadcast Sochi 2014". SportsPro. Retrieved January 31, 2014. 
  61. ^ Long, Michael (January 30, 2014). "Fox Sports snaps up Latin American Olympic rights". SportsPro. Retrieved January 30, 2014. 
  62. ^ "IOC awards broadcast rights in Japan for 2014 and 2016 Olympic Games". Olympic.org. February 3, 2012. Retrieved February 3, 2012. 
  63. ^ "IOC reaches 2014-2016 broadcast rights agreement with ASBU (IOC)". Sochi.ru. June 18, 2009. Retrieved March 15, 2013. 
  64. ^ Love, Tom (May 3, 2012). "NOS acquires Dutch rights to 2014 and 2016 Olympic Games". SportsPro. Retrieved May 3, 2012. 
  65. ^ a b "IOC awards 2014-2016 broadcast rights in New Zealand and Pacific Island Territories". Olympic.org. October 15, 2013. Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  66. ^ "TV2 awarded first Sportfive Olympic rights deal". Sportbusiness.com. June 16, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2011. 
  67. ^ a b "SBS wins Olympic TV broadcast rights 2010–2016 for both Koreas". M&C. August 2, 2006. Retrieved May 2, 2011. 
  68. ^ "Igrzyska olimpijskie 2014 i 2016 na żywo tylko w TVP" (in Polish). May 14, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2013. 
  69. ^ "RTP vai transmitir Jogos Olímpicos de 2016 em canal aberto" (in Portuguese). iOnline. October 30, 2013. Retrieved October 30, 2013. 
  70. ^ "Sport TV compra direitos televisivos dos próximos Jogos Olímpicos" (in Portuguese). Público. October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 30, 2013. 
  71. ^ "Sports5 the official Philippine broadcaster of Olympic Games". InterAksyon.com. January 16, 2014. Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  72. ^ "TVR va achiziţiona pentru 2 milioane euro drepturile TV pentru Jocurile Olimpice de la Soci şi de la Rio de Janeiro". Mediafax. April 17, 2013. Retrieved July 8, 2013. 
  73. ^ Love, Tom (September 3, 2012). "Sportfive concludes Olympic agreement in Russia". SportsPro. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  74. ^ Love, Tom (October 10, 2012). "Sportfive sells Slovakian Olympic rights". SportsPro. Retrieved October 11, 2012. 
  75. ^ Emmett, James (July 13, 2012). "Sportfive seals Slovenian Olympic deal". SportsPro. Retrieved July 13, 2012. 
  76. ^ "IOC awards broadcast rights for seven countries in South Asia". Olympic.org. July 31, 2013. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  77. ^ a b "IOC awards 2014-2016 broadcast rights in South Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa". Olympic.org. January 16, 2014. Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  78. ^ "IOC awards 2014 & 2016 broadcast rights in Spain". Olympic.org. September 4, 2009. Retrieved May 2, 2011. 
  79. ^ "IOC awards 2014-2016 broadcast rights In Sub-Saharan Africa". Olympic.org. January 15, 2014. Retrieved January 20, 2014. 
  80. ^ "Klart: SVT tappar OS" (in Swedish). Aftonbladet.se/sportbladet. June 17, 2011. Retrieved June 17, 2011. 
  81. ^ Connolly, Eoin (November 2, 2011). "SRG SSR get Swiss rights to Sochi and Rio Games". SportsPro. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  82. ^ "Олимпиаду в Украине покажут за 21 миллион гривен". Вести (in Russian). September 5, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2013. 
  83. ^ "IOC awards broadcast rights in United Kingdom for 2014, 2016, 2018 and 2020 Olympic Games to the BBC". Olympic.org. July 18, 2012. Retrieved July 18, 2012. 
  84. ^ "IOC awards US broadcast rights for 2014, 2016, 2018 and 2020 Olympic Games to NBCUniversal". Olympic.org. June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
London
Summer Olympic Games
Rio de Janeiro

XXXI Olympiad (2016)
Succeeded by
Tokyo