201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade

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201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade
201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade.svg
201st BfSB shoulder sleeve insignia[1]
Active 1942–46
1950–55
1959–71
1987 – present
Country United States
Branch U.S. Army
Type Military Intelligence
Role Provide intelligence analysis and collection support to I Corps
Part of I Corps
Garrison/HQ Joint Base Lewis-McChord
Motto "With Courage and Vision"
Engagements World War II
Korean War
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Decorations Streamer MUC Army.PNG Meritorious Unit Commendation Streamer MUC Army.PNG Meritorious Unit Commendation Streamer MUC Army.PNG Meritorious Unit Commendation
Presidential Unit Citation (Philippines) Streamer.png Presidential Unit Citation (Philippines) Streamer APC.PNG Asiatic-Pacific Campaign
Korean Service Medal - Streamer.png Korean War Campaign Streamer Streamer IQCS.PNG Iraq Campaign Streamer
Commanders
Current
commander
Col. Daniel E. Soller
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia[1] 201BattlefieldSurvBdeDUI.jpg

The 201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade (BfSB) is located at Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington. The 201st BfSB was transformed from the 201st Military Intelligence Brigade on 3 July 2008, becoming the Army's third active duty surveillance brigade. The brigade improves situational awareness for commanders at division or higher so they can focus joint combat power in current operations while simultaneously preparing for future operations. The units have the tools to respond to the commanders needs from unmanned aerial vehicles to signals gathering equipment and human intelligence collectors.[2]

The 201st BfSB currently consists of two military intelligence battalions (MI BNs), a cavalry squadron (CAV) with a long range surveillance (LRS) troop of company strength, a network support company (NSC), and two support companies (HHC and 602nd FSC).[3]

Mission[edit]

The 201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade rapidly provides deployable all-source predictive intelligence, electronic warfare intelligence, reconnaissance and surveillance, target acquisition, battle damage assessment, command and control warfare, and broad bandwidth communications support to I Corps. It trains for and prepares to operate in both joint and combined environments in support of worldwide contingencies. The brigade concentrates on providing a shared battlefield situational awareness, and ensures the direct downlink of national and theater level intelligence through full spectrum operations assets as part of a multi-disciplined intelligence collection, surveillance and reconnaissance unit to an Army corps or a designated joint task force. It utilizes experience with split-based operations and reach-back technologies to demonstrate the capability to support any deployed force while enabling all elements to collaborate in a secure virtual environment. The brigade operates today in the environment the Army envisions building tomorrow.[4]

History[edit]

Heritage[edit]

The 201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade carries the history and heritage of two separate units; Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 503rd Army Security Agency Group, and the 201st Counter Intelligence Detachment.

503rd Army Security Group[edit]

The HHC, 503rd Army Security Group was constituted as the 323rd Signal Company, on 23 July 1942 and activated in Miami, Florida on 1 September 1942. While stationed on the Marshall Island during World War II, the company supported Army Air Corps units in the Pacific Theater. The company was inactivated on 17 October 1946 at Andrews Field, Camp Springs, Maryland.

After being brought back to service again, the company was redesignated 6 September 1950 as the 323d Signal Radio Intelligence Company, and allotted to the Organized Reserve Corps until the company was again activated 2 October 1950 at Fort Myer, Virginia. On 3 January 1951, the company was converted and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 601st Communications Reconnaissance Group. On 5 February 1951 the company was redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 503rd Communications Group. The 503rd was again activated on 1 May of the same year.

201st Counter Intelligence Detachment[edit]

The 201st Military Intelligence Detachment was constituted on 12 July 1944 as the 201st Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment. The detachment was activated on 20 August 1944 in New Guinea, and while in the Southwest Pacific area, attached to I Corps and supported the Corps through campaigns in New Guinea, and the Philippines. The detachment was inactivated on 25 February 1946 in Japan.

On 6 October 1950, the detachment was activated in Korea and assigned to the United States Army Forces, Far East and Eighth US Army participating in operations throughout Korea during the Korean War. The detachment was inactivated on 21 February 1955 in Korea. Allotted 20 March 1956 to the Regular Army, the unit activated 12 June of that year in Korea. After again being reorganized and redesignated 15 May 1959 becoming the 201st Military Intelligence Detachment, only to be inactivated the following month on 27 June 1959 in Washington, D.C.[5]

Merger[edit]

The lineage of Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 503rd Army Security Agency Group, and 201st Military Intelligence Detachment merged on 1 September 1987. Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 503rd Army Security Agency Group was withdrawn from the Army Reserve and allotted to the Regular Army. The company was consolidated with the 201st Military Intelligence Brigade. The new unit was activated on the same day at Fort Lewis, Washington.

Transformation[edit]

The former unit consisted of one active component and two inactive detachments, On 3 July 2008, the 201st Military Intelligence Brigade transformed into the 201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade on Watkins Parade Field at Fort Lewis. The 201st BfSB is the third active-duty surveillance brigade in the Army today, following the 525th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade from Fort Bragg, North Carolina, and the 504th Battlefield Surveillance Brigade, which was stood up a year prior at Fort Hood, Texas.[6]

The former MI brigade, which included reservists, and National Guardsmen, as well as active-duty soldiers, transformed into the 201st BfSB within a year. Broadening its reconnaissance mission to include surveillance and target acquisition with the addition of a long-range surveillance company – C Troop, 38th Cavalry, the 63rd Network Support Company, and the 602nd Forward Support Company. This however, was no easy task. The brigade stand-up required an almost total overhaul, complete with equipment, vehicles, amended missions and hundreds of new active-duty soldiers. Three hundred forty-five "whirlwind days" of preparation ended 23 Sept. when the 201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade, with its subordinate battalions, cased their colors for deployment to Operation Iraqi Freedom.[7]

The changes made were all part of an Army-wide transition to the Army Modular Force, future-concept ("Grow The Army Plan" of modernization) proposed by US Army Chief of Staff General Peter Schoomaker in 2007.[8] The plan calls for eleven Surveillance Brigades, seven of which are designated to Army National Guard: the 58th BfSB from Maryland, the 67th BFSB from Nebraska, the 71st BfSB from Texas, the 142nd BfSB from Alabama, the 219th BfSB from Indiana, the 297th BfSB from Alaska, and the 560th BfSB from Georgia, all of which are moving to the objective designs by the scheduled completion of the Grow The Army Plan by fiscal year 2013.

The 109th Military Intelligence Battalion activated in October 2008 to resume its 25-year-old legacy at Fort Lewis as formerly the 9th Infantry Division’s primary intelligence-gathering arm.

The 502nd Military Intelligence Battalion went through a transformation of its own to conform to the collection needs of the newly modular, self-sufficient brigade.

At a future date, Troop C (LRS), 38th Cavalry Regiment[9] will be reorganized and redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Troop (HHT), 3d Squadron, 38th Cavalry Regiment. The squadron will include Troops A and B (ground troops) and Troop C (LRS), which will be formed from the assets of the existing C-38th CAV.

Today the brigade is home to nearly 1,000 service men and women. The brigade and its organic intelligence systems play a major role in the Army’s Transformation Project now taking shape at Joint Base Lewis-McChord. This transformation will include another overhaul of the current structure to the reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition (RSTA) format.[10]

Insignia[edit]

  • Shoulder sleeve insignia

Oriental blue and silver gray are the Military Intelligence branch colors. The two parts symbolize the responsibility for acquisition and processing of tactical and strategic intelligence. The sword symbolizes the aggressiveness, and physical danger inherent in Military Intelligence operations. The lightning bolts refer to the electronic warfare capabilities of the unit and the commander’s need for accurate and ready intelligence from all sources.

Background:

The shoulder sleeve insignia was originally approved for the 201st Military Intelligence Brigade on 29 April 1987. It was redesignated effective 16 October 2008, for the 201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade with the description updated. (TIOH Dwg. No. A-1-733)

  • Distinctive unit insignia

Oriental blue and silver gray are the colors associated with the Military Intelligence branch. Black denotes secrecy. The blue disc superimposed by the silver polestar symbolizes the world and the far reaching capabilities of the unit. The blue and silver wavy bars allude to World War II campaign participation in the Pacific. The silver mountain peak is representative of the Korean campaigns. The griffin, having the keen eyesight of an eagle and the strength and courage of a lion, indicates the attributes of Military intelligence and also alludes to the motto "With Courage and Vision". The lightning flash is indicative of communications, electronic warfare capabilities and the origin of the unit as a signal unit.

Background:

The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for the 201st Military Intelligence Brigade on 29 April 1987. It was redesignated effective 16 October 2008, for the 201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade with the description updated.

On Veterans Day 2009, soldiers of the 201st BfSB from Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington, earned the privilege of wearing the unit's patch on their right arm during a ceremony at Contingency Operating Base Adder in Tallil, Iraq.[11]

Decorations[edit]

Unit awards[edit]

Campaigns[edit]

Structure[edit]

The BFSB improves situational awareness for commanders at division or higher so they can focus joint combat power in current operations while simultaneously preparing for future operations. The units have the tools to respond to the commanders need from unmanned aerial vehicles to signals gathering equipment and human intelligence collectors.[2]

Each BFSB consists of a headquarters and headquarters company. Active units have two military intelligence battalions, while the Army National Guard BFSB's have one. The brigades also have a reconnaissance and surveillance unit, a signals company and a logistics company.

The 201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade (BfSB) currently consists of two Military Intelligence battalions (MI BNs), a Cavalry Squadron with a Long Range Surveillance (LRS) troop, a Network Support Company (NSC), and two support companies (HHC, and 602nd FSC).[3]

Task Organization of the 201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade.[12]

Subordinate units[edit]

Component DUI Branch
201BattlefieldSurvBdeDUI.jpg Military Intelligence
  • 502nd Military Intelligence Battalion
  • 109th Military Intelligence Battalion
502 MI Bn DUI.gif

109MIBnDUI.jpg

Military Intelligence

Military Intelligence

201BattlefieldSurvBdeDUI.jpg Signal
201BattlefieldSurvBdeDUI.jpg Ordnance Corps
Beret Flash C troop 3-38 Cav Rgt.jpg38 Cav Rgt DUI.jpg Cavalry

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Institute of Heraldry[dead link]
  2. ^ a b "Army's New Battlefield Surveillance Brigades Ramping Up , Defense Daily , Find Articles at BNET". Findarticles.com. 10 February 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "us-army-plan3 2006 diagram". Docstoc.com. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  4. ^ "201st BfSB Mission". Lewis.army.mil. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  5. ^ "201st BfSB History". Lewis.army.mil. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  6. ^ 201st Battlefield Surveillance Brigade Lineage and Honors, United States Army Center of Military History
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ "Army Times, November 2009". Army.mil. 13 November 2009. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  9. ^ http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Heraldry/ArmyBFBT/ArmyBFBTUnit.aspx?u=4884
  10. ^ NW Guardian[dead link]
  11. ^ "201st BfSB Soldiers carry on WWII tradition". Army.mil. 13 November 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  12. ^ "Task Organization". Lewis.army.mil. 13 January 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2011.