22nd Guards Brigade

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22d Guards Brigade
Active 1939-1945
Country United Kingdom
Branch Infantry
Garrison/HQ Mersa Matruh
Engagements Tobruk, Battle of Gazala, Medenine, Mareth Akarit, Enfidaville, Tunis, Salerno, Capture of Naples Volturno Crossing, Monte Casino, Garigliano Crossing

The British 22nd Guards Brigade was British Army unit during the Second World War.

History[edit]

The 22nd Infantry Brigade was formed by the conversion of the 29th Infantry Brigade on 3 September 1939 and in March 1940 became responsible for all the troops in the Mersa Matruh Garrison area. In February 1941 the unit was reformed and renamed the 22nd Guards Brigade on 20 March 1941. It was converted to the 200th Guards Brigade (14 January 1942) and then finally the 201st Guards Motor Brigade (25 May 1942).

This Guards Brigade saw extensive service in the North African Campaign. It was forced to surrender on 20 June 1942 when Tobruk was captured by German and Italian forces. It was reformed as the 201st Guards Motor Brigade in Egypt on 14 August 1942. It was eventually sent back to the United Kingdom, where it became a training unit for all Guards Regiments.

Battles and Honours[edit]

Tobruk 1941
Battle of Gazala 1942
Medenine 1943
Mareth 1943
Akarit 1943
Enfidaville 1943
Tunis 1943
Salerno 1943
Capture of Naples 1943
Volturno Crossing 1943
Monte Camino 1943
Garigliano Crossing 1944

Structure[edit]

Commanding officers[edit]

  • Lieut.- Colonel E.G. Earle (3 October 1939-21 October 1939)
  • Brig. J.T. Leslie (21 October 1939-26 July 1940
  • Brig. G. Dawes (26 July 1940-26 August 1940)
  • Brig. A.R. Selby (26 August 1940–1 September 1940)
  • Brig. I.D. Erskine (11 February 1941–5 October 1941)
  • Brig. J.C.O. Marriott (20 October 1941–17 June 1942)
  • Brig. G.F. Johnson (17 June 1942–20 June 1942)
  • Brig. J.A. Gascoigne (14 August 1942–13 November 1943)
  • Brig. R.B.R. Colvin (27 November 1942–5 January 1945)
  • Brig. H.R. Norman (5 January 1945–31 August 1945)

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  • Joslen, Lt-Col H.F. (2003) [1st. pub. HMSO:1960]. Orders of Battle: Second World War, 1939–1945. Uckfield: Naval and Military Press. ISBN 9781843424741. OCLC 65152579.