2045 Initiative

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2045 Initiative
2045 Initiative Logo / Avatar Project Logo
Founded February 2011
Founder Dmitry Itskov
Focus Life extension
  • Moscow, Russia
Area served Global
Method Avatar Project
Key people Dmitry Itskov (Managing Director)
Website www.2045.com

The 2045 Initiative is a nonprofit organization that develops a network and community of researchers in the field of life extension. It was founded by Russian entrepreneur Dmitry Itskov, in February 2011 with the participation of Russian specialists in the field of neural interfaces, robotics, artificial organs and systems.

The main goal of the 2045 Initiative, as stated on site, is "to create technologies enabling the transfer of an individual’s personality to a more advanced non-biological carrier, and extending life, including to the point of immortality. We devote particular attention to enabling the fullest possible dialogue between the world’s major spiritual traditions, science and society".

Avatar Project[edit]

One of the featured life-extension projects is to design an artificial humanoid body (called Avatar) and an advanced brain–computer interface system. On the biological side, a life support system will be developed for hosting a human brain inside the Avatar and maintaining it alive and functional. A later phase of the project will research into the creation of an artificial brain into which the original individual consciousness may be transferred.

Avatar A[edit]

A robotic copy of a human body remotely capable of interpreting commands directly from the mind, and sending information back to the mind in a form that can be interpreted via brain–computer interface. It is estimated to be popularized in or before 2020.

Avatar B[edit]

An Avatar in which a human brain is transplanted at the end of one's life. Avatar B has an autonomous system providing life support for the brain and allowing it interaction with the environment, possibly mounted into an existing Avatar A Chassis. Deadline of this phase is year 2025.

Avatar C[edit]

An Avatar with an artificial brain in which a human personality is transferred to and emulated in at the end of one's life. The first successful attempt to upload one's personality to a computer is estimated to happen around 2035.

Avatar D[edit]

A hologram-like avatar. This is the ultimate goal of this project but is optional since biological diseases are prevented in the previous phase - assuming either the upload is involuntary or all humans chose to upload, and it is far away from current technological achievement and our understanding on physics.


Professor George M. Church has complained that "there's a lot of dots that aren't connected in (Itskov's) plans. It's not a real road map." Martine A. Rothblatt, the founder of United Therapeutics, has claimed the Avatar Project is "no more wild than in the early '60s, when we saw the advent of liver and kidney transplants."[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Segal, David (1 June 2013). "Dmitry Itskov and the Avatar Quest". New York Times. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 

External links[edit]