209 series

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209 series
Keihin-tohoku 209 series.jpg
A 209 series train on the Keihin-Tōhoku Line between Saitama-Shintoshin and Ōmiya stations, October 2006
In service 1993–Present
Manufacturer JR East, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Tokyu Car Corporation
Replaced 103 series, 113 series, 211 series
Refurbishment 2009
Number built 1,046 vehicles
Number in service 556 vehicles (as of 1 April 2012)[1]
Number preserved 1 vehicle
Formation 4/6/8/10 cars per trainset
Operator JR East
Depot(s) Kawagoe, Makuhari, Matsudo, Mitaka, Nakahara
Line(s) served Chūō-Sōbu Line, Hachikō Line, Jōban Line, Kashima Line, Kawagoe Line, Keiyō Line, Musashino Line, Nambu Line, Narita Line, Sōbu Main Line, Sotobō Line, Togane Line, Uchibō Line
Specifications
Car body construction Stainless steel
Car length 20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)
Width 2,870 mm (9 ft 5 in) (2,966 mm (9 ft 8.8 in) for 209-500 series)
Doors 4/6 pairs per side
Maximum speed 110 km/h (70 mph)
Power output 1,520 kW (6 motors)
Acceleration 2.5 km/h/s or 3.3 km/h/s
Deceleration 4.0 km/h/s (4.5 km/h/s for emergency brake)
Electric system(s) 1,500 V DC overhead
Current collection method PS28 diamond shaped pantograph
PS21 diamond shaped pantograph (209-1000 series)
PS33A single-arm pantograph (209-500 series)
Braking system(s) Regenerative brake, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes
Safety system(s) ATS-P, ATS-SN, ATC, Digital ATC
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The 209 series (209系?) is a commuter electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) in the Tokyo area of Japan since 1993.

The series was introduced in 1993 to replace the aging 103 series stock on the Keihin-Tōhoku and Negishi lines. The concept of the 209 series was to create a low-cost, minimal lifespan train (approximately 15 years) that would be replaced rather than rebuilt when they became life-expired.[2]

The 209 series was the first of the "New series trains" (新系列電車 Shin-keiretsu densha?), and served as the basis for the E501, E217, 701, and E127 series rolling stock, as well as the E231 series stock, which in turn became the blueprint for successive trains developed by JR East and other railway companies in Japan.

Operations[edit]

  • Chūō-Sōbu Line: 10-car 209-500 series sets (from 1998)
  • Hachikō Line/Kawagoe Line: 4-car 209-3000 series (x4) and 209-3100 series (x2) sets (from 1996)
  • Jōban Line: 10-car 209-1000 series sets (x2) (from 1999)
  • Keiyō Line: 10-car 209-500 series sets (from October 2008)
  • Musashino Line: 8-car 209-500 series sets (from December 2010)
  • Nambu Line: 6-car 209-0 series set (x1) (from 1993) and 209-2200 series sets (x3)[3] (from 2009)
  • Narita Line: 4/6-car 209-2000/2100 series sets (from October 2009)
  • Sōbu Main Line: 4/6-car 209-2000/2100 series sets (from October 2009)
  • Sotobō Line: 4/6-car 209-2000/2100 series sets (from October 2009)
  • Uchibō Line: 4/6-car 209-2000/2100 series sets (from October 2009)

Former operations[edit]

Variants[edit]

  • 209-0 series (10/6-car sets)
  • 209-500 series (10/8-car sets)
  • 209-900 series (10-car sets)
  • 209-950 series (10-car sets)
  • 209-1000 series (10-car sets)
  • 209-2000/2100 series (6/4-car sets)
  • 209-2200 series (6-car sets)
  • 209-3000 series (4-car sets)
  • 209-3100 series (4-car sets)

209-0 series[edit]

A Nambu Line 6-car 209-0 series train, January 2008
A Keihin-Tohoku 10-car 209-0 series set, March 2009

The original full-production version introduced on both the Keihin-Tōhoku (10-car sets) and Nambu (6-car sets) lines in 1993. 6-door SaHa 208 cars were inserted into the Keihin-Tōhoku Line sets in 1995.

The 209 series trains on the Keihin-Tōhoku/Negishi lines were replaced by new E233 series trains from autumn 2007, with the last sets withdrawn by 24 January 2010.[4] A large number of these units were subsequently rebuilt as 209-2000/2100 series 4- and 6-car sets for use in the Chiba area.

As of April 2013, one 209-0 series 6-car set remains in use on the Nambu Line (set NaHa 32), fitted with new LED-destination indicators.[5]

Formations[edit]

Nambu Line 6-car sets[edit]

Set NaHa32 is formed as follows, with car 1 at the Kawasaki end.[5]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Numbering KuHa 209-68 MoHa 209-135 MoHa 208-135 MoHa 209-136 MoHa 208-136 KuHa 208-68

Cars 2 and 4 are each equipped with one PS28 lozenge-type pantograph.[5]

Keihin-Tohoku Line 10-car sets[edit]

The former Keihin-Tohoku Line 10-car sets were formed as follows, with car 1 at the Ofuna (southern) end.[6]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Designation Tc' M' M T T T' M' M T Tc
Numbering KuHa 208 MoHa 208 MoHa 209 SaHa 209 SaHa 209 SaHa 208 MoHa 208 MoHa 209 SaHa 209 KuHa 209
  • Cars 3 and 8 were each equipped with one PS28 pantograph.[6]
  • Car 6 was a "6-door" car with six pairs of doors on each side.[6]


209-500 series[edit]

This sub-series represented a stop-gap for use from 1998 on the Chūō-Sōbu Line until the full-production E231 series trains were delivered. The 17 10-car sets differ noticeably from the other 209 series variants in having 2,966 mm wide cars (compared to 2,870 mm for earlier flat-sided stock), as well as LED destination indicators, replacing the earlier roller blind type. While externally similar in appearance to the later E231 series sets, the 209-500 series are distinguishable by their white cab fronts and lack of 6-door cars. Five sets were transferred to the Keihin-Tōhoku Line, and, from October 2008, these were modified (with ATS-P/SN instead of ATC), repainted, and transferred to the Keiyō Line following the introduction of new E233 series trains. From September 2010, three former Keiyō Line sets were reduced to 8 cars and reliveried for use on the Musashino Line, entering service from 4 December 2010.[5]

Formations[edit]

10-car sets[edit]

Designation Tc T M M' T T T M M' Tc'
Numbering KuHa 209-500 SaHa 209-500 MoHa 209-500 MoHa 208-500 SaHa 209-500 SaHa 209-500 SaHa 209-500 MoHa 209-500 MoHa 208-500 KuHa 208-500

8-car sets[edit]

Designation Tc M M' T T M M' Tc'
Numbering KuHa 209-500 MoHa 209-500 MoHa 208-500 SaHa 209-500 SaHa 209-500 MoHa 209-500 MoHa 208-500 KuHa 208-500


209-900/910/920 series[edit]

901 series Set C (later 209-920 series), March 1993

Three 10-car prototypes were built in 1992 for testing and passenger evaluation on the Keihin-Tōhoku Line, initially classified as 901 series. Set A was built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries, set B by Tokyu Car Corporation, and set C was built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries and JR East's Ōfuna factory (cars 4 and 5). The three sets incorporated a number of different design features for evaluation, but were converted in 1994 to bring them in line with the full-production specifications. Set A became 209-900 series, set B became 209-910 series, and set C became 209-920 series. They differed from the full-production 209-0 series sets in not having 6-door SaHa208 cars.[7]

209-910 series set 91 was withdrawn in December 2006, and the last of the three prototype sets, set 90, was withdrawn in August 2007.[8] Car KuHa 209-901 from the original 901 series set A was stored at Nagano Works,[9] and later preserved at Tokyo General Rolling Stock Center.

Formation[edit]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Numbering KuHa 900 MoHa 900 MoHa 901 SaHa 901 SaHa 901 SaHa 901 MoHa 900 MoHa 901 SaHa 901 KuHa 901

Source: [10]

209-950 series[edit]

This was the original classification given to the prototype E231 series 10-car set delivered in October 1998. It was reclassified as E231-900 series in June 2000 following conversion to the full-production E231 standard.[11]

209-1000 series[edit]

Joban Line 209-1000 series set 81, November 2011

Two 10-car sets (81 and 82) were delivered from Tokyu Car Corporation in August and September 1999, entering service from 4 December 1999 on Jōban Line and Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line inter-running services. Based on the 209-0 series, these trains have end doors for use in emergencies inside tunnels. These sets are based at JR East's Matsudo depot.

Formation[edit]

Car No. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Numbering KuHa 209-1000 MoHa 209-1000 MoHa 208-1000 SaHa 209-1000 MoHa 209-1000 MoHa 208-1000 SaHa 209-1000 MoHa 209-1000 MoHa 208-1000 KuHa 208-1000

Cars 3, 6, and 9 are fitted with PS21 lozenge type pantographs.[12]


209-2000/2100 series[edit]

A Chiba-area 209-2100 series 4-car train at Sakura Station, August 2009
A Chiba-area 209-2100 series 6-car set, July 2010

These are 4- and 6-car sets based at Makuhari Depot modified in 2009 from former Keihin-Tōhoku Line 209-0 series 10-car sets for use on Chiba area and Bōsō Peninsula local services from 1 October 2009. The first 4-car set was outshopped from Nagano Works in June 2009. Modifications include new electrical equipment, the addition of transverse seating, LED destination indicator panels, and a toilet.[13] The cars are numbered in the -2100 series, although some 4-car sets have end cars numbered in the -2000 series. The -2000 series cars are converted from early batch 209-0 series units with air-operated doors rather than the electrically-operated doors of later batch units.[14]

As of April 2013, 42 4-car sets and 26 6-car sets were in service.[5]

4-car formation[edit]

Car No. 1 2 3 4
Numbering KuHa 208-2000/2100 MoHa 208-2100 MoHa 209-2100 KuHa 209-2000/2100
  • The end cars have some transverse seating bays.
  • Car 2 is fitted with a toilet.
  • The MoHa 209-2100 cars are fitted with one lozenge-type pantograph.

The first 6-car set, C602, was outshopped from Ōmiya Works in July 2009.[5]

6-car formation[edit]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Numbering KuHa 208-2100 MoHa 208-2100 MoHa 209-2100 MoHa 208-2100 MoHa 209-2100 KuHa 209-2100
  • The end cars have some transverse seating bays.
  • Car 2 is fitted with a toilet.
  • The MoHa 209-2100 cars are each fitted with one lozenge-type pantograph.


209-2200 series[edit]

Nambu Line 209-2200 series set Naha52 at Shitte Station, September 2010

These are 6-car sets reformed in 2009 from former Keihin-Tōhoku Line 209-0 series 10-car sets for use on Nambu Line services, replacing the early-batch 209-0 series set and a 205-1200 series set.[15] The first set, number 52, was outshopped in May 2009, and entered service on 12 June 2009.[16] Modifications include new electrical equipment and the addition of LED destination indicator panels.[17]

Formation[edit]

As of 1 April 2013, three 6-cars are in service, numbered 52 to 54, and formed as follows, with car 1 at the Kawasaki end.[5]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Numbering KuHa 209-2200 MoHa 209-2200 MoHa 208-2200 MoHa 209-2200 MoHa 208-2200 KuHa 208-2200

Cars 2 and 4 are each equipped with a PS28A single-arm pantograph.[5]


209-3000 series[edit]

Kawagoe Line 209-3000 series train at Komagawa station
KuHa 209-3003 of set 63 showing transverse seating bay added experimentally in 2004

Four 4-car 6th-batch sets were introduced on 16 March 1996 for use on the Kawagoe Line and newly electrified southern section of the Hachikō Line. These sets (numbers 61 to 64) are based at JR East's Kawagoe depot.[18] While visually similar to the original 209-0 sub-series, these sets differ in having passenger-operated door controls.[11]

For a short period in 2004, KuHa 209-3003 of set 63 was fitted with transverse seating bays to increase seating capacity. It was later reverted to standard longitudinal bench seating.[11]

Between February and March 2007, some of the previously sealed windows in each car were modified to allow them to be opened.[11]

Formation[edit]

The four sets, 61 to 64, are formed as shown below, with car 1 at the Komagawa end and car 4 at the Kawagoe end.[1]

Car No. 1 2 3 4
Designation Tc' M' M Tc
Numbering KuHa 208-3000 MoHa 208-3000 MoHa 209-3000 KuHa 209-3000

Car 3 is fitted with one PS28 lozenge-type pantograph.[1]

Build details[edit]

Set Manufacturer Date delivered
61 Kawasaki Heavy Industries January 1996
62 Tokyu Car Corporation January 1996
63 Tokyu Car Corporation February 1996
64 Tokyu Car Corporation February 1996

209-3100 series[edit]

Kawagoe Line 209-3100 series train at Komagawa station

This sub-series of two 4-car sets was introduced on 17 April 2005 as part of the scheme to eliminate 103 series sets from the Kawagoe Line and Hachikō Line.[19] Set number 71 consists of two former TWR 70-000 series control cars with two newly manufactured intermediate cars, while set number 72 consists entirely of former 70-000 series cars. The 70-000 series cars had become surplus when 6-car sets were reformed into 10-car sets in 2004. Like the 209-3000 series, these sets have passenger-operated door controls.[11]

Formation[edit]

The two sets, 71 and 72, are formed as shown below, with car 1 at the Komagawa end and car 4 at the Kawagoe end.[1]

Car No. 1 2 3 4
Designation Tc' M' M Tc
Numbering KuHa 208-3100 MoHa 208-3100 MoHa 209-3100 KuHa 209-3100

Car 3 is fitted with one PS28 lozenge-type pantograph.[1]

Former TWR 70-000 series conversions[edit]

TWR 70-000 series EMU, December 2002

The identities of the six former 70-000 series cars converted in 2004 and 2005 to become 209-3100 series EMUs are as shown below.[1]

Car number Set number Former car number Date returned to traffic
KuHa 209-3101 71 70-020 14 March 2005
KuHa 208-3101 71 70-029 14 March 2005
KuHa 209-3102 72 70-030 16 December 2004
MoHa 209-3102 72 70-027 16 December 2004
MoHa 208-3102 72 70-028 16 December 2004
KuHa 209-3102 72 70-039 16 December 2004


Training sets[edit]

Ōmiya area 2-car training set, March 2008
Hachiōji area 2-car training set, October 2008

Shirakawa[edit]

A purpose-built 4-car set based directly on the 209-0 series design and classified E991 series was delivered to JR East's training centre in Shirakawa, Fukushima in 2000 for internal training use. Externally, it is finished in shōnan green/orange stripes on unpainted stainless steel.

Ōmiya[edit]

A two-car set was converted from former Keihin-Tōhoku Line end cars in 2008 for use as a staff training set at JR East's Ōmiya Training Center. This replaced the former 103 series 2-car set previously used there. The set is formed of KuMoHa209-76 + KuMoHa208-76, and is finished in the shōnan green/orange colour scheme.[20]

Yokohama[edit]

Another two-car set was converted from former Keihin-Tōhoku Line end cars at Nagano Works, and moved to the JR East Yokohama area training centre next to Kurihama Station in July 2008, replacing the 105 series 2-car set previously used there. The set is formed of KuMoHa 209-092 + KuMoHa 208-092, converted from former intermediate cars MoHa209-39 + MoHa208-39, with cabs newly added, and features pale yellow bodyside stripes bearing the lettering "YOKOHAMA Training Center".[21]

Hachiōji[edit]

A third two-car set was converted from former Keihin-Tōhoku Line end cars at Nagano Works, and moved to the JR East Hachiōji area training centre next to Shin-Akitsu Station in October 2008, replacing the 105 series 2-car set previously used there. The set features orange bodyside stripes bearing the lettering "HACHIOJI Training Center".[22]


MUE-Train[edit]

MUE-Train undergoing testing, May 2009

In October 2008, JR East unveiled the 7-car "MUE-Train" (MUltipurpose Experimental Train) experimental EMU converted from former Keihin-Tōhoku Line 209 series cars. This set is used to test and develop new technology for use on future narrow-gauge trains. The train is based at Kawagoe Depot and began testing on the Utsunomiya Line from November 2008.[23]

Formation[edit]

2008 - 2009[edit]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Numbering KuYa 208-2 MoYa 208-4 MoYa 209-4 SaYa 209-8 MoYa 208-3 MoYa 209-3 KuYa 209-2

2010 onward[edit]

Car No. 1 2 3 5 6 7
Numbering KuYa 208-2 MoYa 208-4 MoYa 209-4 MoYa 208-3 MoYa 209-3 KuYa 209-2

Cars 3 and 6 are each fitted with one PS33D single-arm pantograph.[12]


Preserved examples[edit]

KuHa 901-1 preserved at Tokyo General Rolling Stock Center, August 2010
  • KuHa 901-1 (previously KuHa 209-901), at the Tokyo General Rolling Stock Center in Shinagawa, Tokyo[24]

References[edit]

  • JR全車輌ハンドブック2006 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006. ISBN 4-7770-0453-8. 
  1. ^ a b c d e f JR電車編成表 2012夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2012]. Japan: Kotsu Shinbunsha. May 2012. p. 408. ISBN 978-4-330-28612-9. 
  2. ^ We must create our own core competences on Railway Gazette International website, 1 October 1999, retrieved 2009-05-18
  3. ^ "JR旅客会社の車両配置表". Japan Railfan Magazine (July 2010 No. 591): Appendix p. 9. 
  4. ^ Hobidas: "京浜東北線・根岸線209系引退で記念イベント" (14 December 2009). Retrieved 14 December 2009. (Japanese)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h JR電車編成表 2013夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2013]. Japan: Kotsu Shinbunsha. May 2013. p. 47. ISBN 978-4-330-37313-3. 
  6. ^ a b c JR電車編成表 '02夏号 [JR EMU Formations - Summer '02]. Japan: JRR. June 2002. pp. 60–62. ISBN 4-88283-037-X. 
  7. ^ プロトタイプの世界 - Prototype World. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbunsha. December 2005. OCLC 170056962. 
  8. ^ 鉄道友の会 東京支部 JR電車部会 (December 2007). "京浜東北線を駆け抜けた車両たち 後編". Japan Railfan Magazine 48 (562): p.77–84. 
  9. ^ Japan Railfan Magazine: クハ209-901,長野総合車両センター構内に (29 July 2009) Retrieved on 8 August 2009 (Japanese)
  10. ^ 日本と世界の鉄道カタログ [Japan and World Railway Catalogue]. Japan: Seibido Publishing. July 1992. pp. 60–61. ISBN 4-415-03262-1. 
  11. ^ a b c d e 鉄道友の会 東京支部 JR電車部会 (April 2009). "特集 209系 第2章へ" [209 series - The second chapter]. Japan Railfan Magazine 49 (576): p.9–47. 
  12. ^ a b JR電車編成表 2010夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2010]. Japan: Kotsu Shinbunsha. May 2010. ISBN 978-4-330-14310-1. 
  13. ^ Japan Railfan Magazine Online: "209系2100番台,配給輸送される". (14 June 2009). Retrieved on 15 June 2009. (Japanese)
  14. ^ 209系転用改造車 [209 series modified units]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese) (Koyusha Co., Ltd.) 49 (583): 58–62. November 2009. 
  15. ^ 209系転用計画の全貌. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese) 49 (583): p63–73. November 2009. 
  16. ^ Japan Railfan Magazine: "209系2200番台が営業運転を開始". (16 June 2009). Retrieved on 16 June 2009. (Japanese)
  17. ^ Japan Railfan Magazine: "209系2200番台,東京総合車両センターを出場". (15 May 2009). Retrieved on 15 May 2009. (Japanese)
  18. ^ JR電車編成表 '07冬号 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2007]. Japan: JRR. December 2006. ISBN 4-88283-046-9. 
  19. ^ "川越線に209系3100代を投入 103系を置換え" [209-3100 series introduced on Kawagoe Line - Replacing 103 series]. Railway Journal (Japan: Tetsudō Journal) 39 (465): p.106. July 2005. 
  20. ^ Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese) 48 (567): p96. July 2008. 
  21. ^ "横浜総合訓練センターにも新訓練車登場" (New training set for Yokohama Training Center). (13 August 2008). Retrieved on 28 August 2008. (Japanese)
  22. ^ "八王子総合訓練センターにも209系訓練車" (209 series training set for Hachiōji Training Center too), (12 October 2008). Retrieved on 13 October 2008. (Japanese)
  23. ^ "在来線用試験電車MUE-Train (ミュートレイン)について" (7 October 2008). Retrieved on 7 October 2008. (Japanese)
  24. ^ Sasada, Masahiro (September 2012). 国鉄&JR保存車大全 [JNR & JR Preserved Rolling Stock Complete Guide]. Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. p. 127. ISBN 978-4863206175. 

Further reading[edit]

  • 首都圏新系列車両PROFILE [Tokyo Area New-generation Rolling Stock Profile]. Japan: Ikaros Publishing. 15 April 2011. ISBN 978-4-86320-436-2. 

External links[edit]