20th Air Division

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20th Air Division
Airdefensecommand-logo.jpg Tacemblem.jpg
85th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron North American F-86D-40-NA Sabre 52-3725.jpg
F-86D Sabre of the 20th Air Division's 85th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron at Scott AFB in 1957
Active 1955–1960; 1966–1967; 1969–1983
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Command of air defense forces
Part of Tactical Air Command
Insignia
20th Air Division Emblem
(approved 20 August 1956)[1]
USAF 20th Air Division Crest.jpg
20th Air Division ADC AOR 1955–1960

The 20th Air Division is an inactive United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with Tactical Air Command at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida where it was inactivated on 1 March 1983.

During most of the division's history it served with Air Defense Command as a regional command and control headquarters. Between 1955 and 1967 the division controlled air defense units in the central United States. It controlled a slightly different areas of the midwestern US from 1955 to 1960 and again from 1966 to 1967. Its area of responsibility shifted to the east coast if the United States from 1969 to 1983. It was shifted to its final station on paper in 1983 and was immediately inactivated.

History[edit]

The 20th Air Division was assigned to Air Defense Command (ADC) for most of its existence. It served as a regional command and control headquarters, controlling fighter interceptor and radar units over several areas of responsibility during the Cold War. For three years it also commanded a surface-to-air missile squadron.[1]

The division was initially activated as an intermediate command organization under Central Air Defense Force at Grandview Air Force Base (later Richards-Gebaur Air Force Base) in June 1955.[2] The division was responsible for the interceptor and radar units within an area that covered parts of Nebraska, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Illinois, Iowa, and virtually all of Kansas and Missouri.[3]

On 1 October 1959 ADC activated the Sioux City Air Defense Sector and its Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) DC-22 Direction Center and assigned it to the division.[4] The 20th also operated a Manual Control Center (MCC-2) at Richards-Gebaur. The division was inactivated in 1960 when ADC reorganized its regional air defense units, and the 33d Air Division assumed command of most of its former units.[2][5]

20th Air Division ADC AOR 1966–1967

The division was reactivated in 1966 under Tenth Air Force as a SAGE organization, replacing the Chicago Air Defense Sector when ADC discontinued its air defense sectors and replaced them with air divisions.[6] The 20th provided air defense from the Truax Field, Wisconsin DC-7/CC-2 SAGE blockhouse for parts of Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana, and all of Illinois.[3] The division also acted as the 20th NORAD Region after activation of the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD) Combat Operations Center at Cheyenne Mountain, Colorado. Operational control of the division was transferred to NORAD from ADC.[citation needed]

In addition to the active duty interceptor and radar units, the division supervised Air National Guard units that flew interception sorties using (among other aircraft) McDonnell F-101 Voodoos and Convair F-106 Delta Darts. At the same time the division controlled numerous radar squadrons. It was inactivated in 1967[1] as part of an ADC consolidation of intermediate level command and control organizations, driven by budget reductions required to fund USAF operations in Southeast Asia.[citation needed]

20th Air Division/NORAD Region ADC AOR 1969–1983

The 20th Air Division was activated for a third time in November 1969 under Aerospace Defense Command (ADCOM).[2] The division provided air defense for virtually all of the southeastern United States, except for most of Louisiana from the SAGE DC-4 blockhouse at Fort Lee Air Force Station, Virginia.[7] The division also controlled a CIM-10 Bomarc surface-to-air anti-aircraft missile squadron near Langley Air Force Base until the squadron's inactivation in October 1972.[8]

ADCOM was inactivated on 1 October 1979. The atmospheric defense resources (interceptors and warning radars) of ADCOM were reassigned to Tactical Air Command, which formed Air Defense, Tactical Air Command as the headquarters to control them.[9] After 1981, the division controlled units equipped with McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle aircraft. Its subordinate units continued to participate in intensive academic training, numerous multi-region simulated (non-flying) exercises, and flying exercises.[1]

The division moved to Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida in March 1983[1] where it was inactivated and its mission, personnel and equipment were transferred to the Southeast Air Defense Sector.[10]

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as the 20 Air Division (Defense) on 8 June 1955
Activated on 8 October 1955
Inactivated on 1 January 1960
  • Activated on 20 January 1966 (not organized)
Organized on 1 April 1966
Discontinued and inactivated, on 31 December 1967
  • Activated on 19 November 1969
Inactivated on 1 March 1983[11]

Assignments[edit]

  • Central Air Defense Force, 8 October 1955 – 1 January 1960
  • Air Defense Command, 20 January 1966
  • Tenth Air Force, 1 April 1966 – 31 December 1967
  • Aerospace Defense Command, 19 November 1969
  • Air Defense, Tactial Air Command), 1 October 1979 – 1 March 1983[11]

Stations[edit]

  • Grandview Air Force Base (later, Richards Gebaur Air Force Base0, Missouri, 8 October 1955 – 1 January 1960
  • Truax Field, Wisconsin, 1 April 1966 – 31 December 1967
  • Fort Lee Air Force Station, Virginia, 19 November 1969
  • Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, 1 March 1983 – 1 March 1983[11]

Components[edit]

Sector[edit]

  • Sioux City Air Defense Sector: 1 October 1959 – 1 January 1960[4]

Groups[edit]

Sioux Gateway Airport, Iowa
Truax Field, Wisconsin
Richards-Gebaur Air Force Base, Missouri
Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida[16]
Fort Fisher Air Force Station, North Carolina

Squadrons[edit]

Fighter-Interceptor[edit]
Langley Air Force Base, Virginia
Scott Air Force Base, Illinois
Dover Air Force Base, Delaware
Missile[edit]
Langley Air Force Base, Virginia
Radar[edit]
Houston Intercontinental Airport, Texas
Roanoke Rapids Air Force Station, North Carolina
Lake Charles Air Force Station, Louisiana
Dauphin Island Air Force Station, Alabama
Homestead Air Force Base, Florida
Patrick Air Force Base, Florida
Bedford Air Force Station, Virginia
Dallas Center Air Force Station, Iowa
Bedford Air Force Station, Virginia
MacDill Air Force Base, Florida
NAS Key West, Florida
Antigo Air Force Station, Wisconsin
Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida[16]
NAS Jacksonville, Florida
Palermo Air Force Station, New Jersey
Cross City Air Force Station, Florida
Dauphin Island Air Force Station, Florida
Fort Fisher Air Force Station, North Carolina
Savannah Air Force Station, Georgia
Walnut Ridge Air Force Station, Arkansas
Olathe Air Force Station, Kansas
Williams Bay Air Force Station, Wisconsin
Fort George G. Meade, Maryland
Cape Charles Air Force Station, Virginia
Rockville Air Force Station, Indiana
Chandler Air Force Station, Minnesota
Waverly Air Force Station, Iowa
Omaha Air Force Station, Nebraska
Kirksville Air Force Station, Missouri
Hanna City Air Force Station, Illinois
North Charleston Air Force Station, South Carolina
Hutchinson Air Force Station, Kansas
Bartlesville Air Force Station, Oklahoma
Fordland Air Force Station, Missouri
Belleville Air Force Station, Illinois[36]
Winston-Salem Air Force Station, North Carolina
Aiken Air Force Station, South Carolina
  • 4638th Air Defense Squadron (SAGE), 1 January 1972 – 1 January 1975[21]

Aircraft and Missiles[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Factsheet 20 Air Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. October 5, 2007. Archived from the original on October 30, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Cornett & Johnson, p. 53
  3. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson. p. 31
  4. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 59
  5. ^ Cornett & Johnson, P. 55
  6. ^ Cornett & Johnson, pp. 36–38
  7. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 37
  8. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 150
  9. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 46
  10. ^ "Eastern Air Defense Sector History". Eastern Air Defense Sector Public Affairs. October 28, 2009. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c d Lineage, Including assignment, components, stations and aircraft in AFHRA Factsheet. except as noted
  12. ^ Robertson, Patsy (February 24, 2009). "Factsheet 53 Wing (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved June 18, 2013. 
  13. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 79
  14. ^ Butler, William M. (December 27, 2007). "Factsheet 328 Armament Systems Wing (AFMC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved June 19, 2013. 
  15. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 85
  16. ^ a b Mueller, pp. 564–565
  17. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 86
  18. ^ Robertson, Patsy (April 14, 2014). "Factsheet 48 Flying Training Squadron (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved June 19, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Factsheet 85 Test and Evaluation Squadron". Air Force Historical Research Agency. March 31, 2008. Retrieved June 19, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Factsheet 95 Fighter Squadron". Air Force Historical Research Agency. April 1, 2008. Retrieved June 19, 2013. 
  21. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 105
  22. ^ a b c Cornett & Johnson, p. 154
  23. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 155
  24. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 156
  25. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 97
  26. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 157
  27. ^ a b c Cornett & Johnson, p. 159
  28. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 160
  29. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 161
  30. ^ a b c Cornett & Johnson, p. 162
  31. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 163
  32. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 164
  33. ^ a b Cornett & Johnson, p. 166
  34. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 168
  35. ^ a b c Cornett & Johnson, p. 169
  36. ^ a b c d e Cornett & Johnson, p. 170
  37. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 101
  38. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 102
  39. ^ Cornett & Johnson, p. 172

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

Further Reading